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(R1511) Numerical Solution Of Differential Difference Equations Having Boundary Layers At Both The Ends, Raghvendra Pratap Singh, Y. N. Reddy 2022 National Institute of Technology

(R1511) Numerical Solution Of Differential Difference Equations Having Boundary Layers At Both The Ends, Raghvendra Pratap Singh, Y. N. Reddy

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

In this paper, numerical solution of differential-difference equation having boundary layers at both ends is discussed. Using Taylor’s series, the given second order differential-difference equation is replaced by an asymptotically equivalent first order differential equation and solved by suitable choice of integrating factor and finite differences. The numerical results for several test examples are presented to demonstrate the applicability of the method.


Numerical Analysis Of A Model For The Growth Of Microorganisms, Alexander Craig Montgomery, Braden J. Carlson 2022 Southern Utah University

Numerical Analysis Of A Model For The Growth Of Microorganisms, Alexander Craig Montgomery, Braden J. Carlson

Rose-Hulman Undergraduate Mathematics Journal

A system of first-order differential equations that arises in a model for the growth of microorganisms in a chemostat with Monod kinetics is studied. A new, semi-implicit numerical scheme is proposed to approximate solutions to the system. It is shown that the scheme is uniquely solvable and unconditionally stable, and further properties of the scheme are analyzed. The convergence rate of the numerical solution to the true solution of the system is given, and it is shown convergence of the numerical solutions to the true solutions is uniform over any interval [0, T ] for T > 0.


Statistical Characteristics Of High-Frequency Gravity Waves Observed By An Airglow Imager At Andes Lidar Observatory, Alan Z. Liu, Bing Cao 2022 Embry Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Statistical Characteristics Of High-Frequency Gravity Waves Observed By An Airglow Imager At Andes Lidar Observatory, Alan Z. Liu, Bing Cao

Publications

The long-term statistical characteristics of high-frequency quasi-monochromatic gravity waves are presented using multi-year airglow images observed at Andes Lidar Observatory (ALO, 30.3° S, 70.7° W) in northern Chile. The distribution of primary gravity wave parameters including horizontal wavelength, vertical wavelength, intrinsic wave speed, and intrinsic wave period are obtained and are in the ranges of 20–30 km, 15–25 km, 50–100 m s−1, and 5–10 min, respectively. The duration of persistent gravity wave events captured by the imager approximately follows an exponential distribution with an average duration of 7–9 min. The waves tend ...


Optimal Design Of Bacterial Carpets For Fluid Pumping, Minghao W. Rostami, Weifan Liu, Amy Buchmann, Eva Strawbridge, Longhua Zhao 2022 Syracuse University

Optimal Design Of Bacterial Carpets For Fluid Pumping, Minghao W. Rostami, Weifan Liu, Amy Buchmann, Eva Strawbridge, Longhua Zhao

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Modeling Of Brain Cancer Growth Using A Level-Set Method, Gbocho M. Terasaki 2022 University of California, Merced

Mathematical Modeling Of Brain Cancer Growth Using A Level-Set Method, Gbocho M. Terasaki

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Olfactory Bulb Processing Of Ortho Versus Retronasal Odors, Michelle F. Craft, Andrea Barreiro, Shree Gautam, Woodrow Shew, Cheng Ly 2022 Virginia Commonwealth University

Olfactory Bulb Processing Of Ortho Versus Retronasal Odors, Michelle F. Craft, Andrea Barreiro, Shree Gautam, Woodrow Shew, Cheng Ly

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Inferring Dynamics Of Biological Systems, Tracey G. Oellerich 2022 George Mason University

Inferring Dynamics Of Biological Systems, Tracey G. Oellerich

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


A Molecular Dynamics Study Of Polymer Chains In Shear Flows And Nanocomposites, Venkat Bala 2022 The University of Western Ontario

A Molecular Dynamics Study Of Polymer Chains In Shear Flows And Nanocomposites, Venkat Bala

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this work we study single chain polymers in shear flows and nanocomposite polymer melts extensively through the use of large scale molecular dynamics simulations through LAMMPS. In the single polymer chain shear flow study, we use the Lattice Boltzmann method to simulate fluid dynamics and also include thermal noise as per the \emph{fluctuation-dissipation} theorem in the system. When simulating the nanocomposite polymer melts, we simply use a Langevin thermostat to mimic a heat bath. In the single polymer in shear flow study we investigated the margination of a single chain towards solid surfaces and how strongly the shear ...


Understanding The Influence Of Perceptual Noise On Visual Flanker Effects Through Bayesian Model Fitting, Jordan Deakin, Dietmar Heinke 2022 University of Birmingham

Understanding The Influence Of Perceptual Noise On Visual Flanker Effects Through Bayesian Model Fitting, Jordan Deakin, Dietmar Heinke

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


A Novel Method For Sensitivity Analysis Of Time-Averaged Chaotic System Solutions, Christian A. Spencer-Coker 2022 Mississippi State University

A Novel Method For Sensitivity Analysis Of Time-Averaged Chaotic System Solutions, Christian A. Spencer-Coker

Theses and Dissertations

The direct and adjoint methods are to linearize the time-averaged solution of bounded dynamical systems about one or more design parameters. Hence, such methods are one way to obtain the gradient necessary in locally optimizing a dynamical system’s time-averaged behavior over those design parameters. However, when analyzing nonlinear systems whose solutions exhibit chaos, standard direct and adjoint sensitivity methods yield meaningless results due to time-local instability of the system. The present work proposes a new method of solving the direct and adjoint linear systems in time, then tests that method’s ability to solve instances of the Lorenz system ...


The Best Linear Approximation To Y= √X On The Interval [0, B] Using The Minimax Error, Hyounkyun Oh 2022 Savannah State University

The Best Linear Approximation To Y= √X On The Interval [0, B] Using The Minimax Error, Hyounkyun Oh

Georgia Journal of Science

This study discusses how to find the best linear approximation y=mx+b to a fundamental function y=sqrt(x) on the interval [0,b], especially using the minimax error in Numerical Analysis. For this aim we employ two mathematical techniques: a) using the MATLAB code, positioning m and n values of the smallest maximum error on a broad range of m, and n value matrix in a rough scale and then repeatedly refining the regions in the smaller scales and b) Finding three-point fitting line to a set of non-colinear three points. We see that both results are ...


Development And Evaluation Of Modeling Approaches For Extrusion-Based Additive Manufacturing Of Thermoplastics, Christopher C. Bock 2022 University of Maine

Development And Evaluation Of Modeling Approaches For Extrusion-Based Additive Manufacturing Of Thermoplastics, Christopher C. Bock

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This work focuses on evaluating different modeling approaches and model parameters for thermoplastic AM, with the goal of informing more efficient and effective modeling approaches. First, different modeling approaches were tested and compared to experiments. From this it was found that all three of the modeling approaches provide comparable results and provide similar results to experiments. Then one of the modeling approaches was tested on large scale geometries, and it was found that the model results matched experiments closely. Then the effect of different material properties was evaluated, this was done by performing a fractional factorial design of experiments where ...


Data And Algorithmic Modeling Approaches To Count Data, Andraya Hack 2022 Murray State University

Data And Algorithmic Modeling Approaches To Count Data, Andraya Hack

Honors College Theses

Various techniques are used to create predictions based on count data. This type of data takes the form of a non-negative integers such as the number of claims an insurance policy holder may make. These predictions can allow people to prepare for likely outcomes. Thus, it is important to know how accurate the predictions are. Traditional statistical approaches for predicting count data include Poisson regression as well as negative binomial regression. Both methods also have a zero-inflated version that can be used when the data has an overabundance of zeros. Another procedure is to use computer algorithms, also known as ...


Model Based Force Estimation And Stiffness Control For Continuum Robots, Vincent A. Aloi 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Model Based Force Estimation And Stiffness Control For Continuum Robots, Vincent A. Aloi

Doctoral Dissertations

Continuum Robots are bio-inspired structures that mimic the motion of snakes, elephant trunks, octopus tentacles, etc. With good design, these robots can be naturally compliant and miniaturizable, which makes Continuum Robots ideal for traversing narrow complex environments. Their flexible design, however, prevents us from using traditional methods for controlling and estimating loading on rigid link robots.

In the first thrust of this research, we provided a novel stiffness control law that alters the behavior of an end effector during contact. This controller is applicable to any continuum robot where a method for sensing or estimating tip forces and pose exists ...


On The Consistency Of Alternative Finite Difference Schemes For The Heat Equation, Tran April 2022 Augustana College

On The Consistency Of Alternative Finite Difference Schemes For The Heat Equation, Tran April

Rose-Hulman Undergraduate Mathematics Journal

While the well-researched Finite Difference Method (FDM) discretizes every independent variable into algebraic equations, Method of Lines discretizes all but one dimension, leaving an Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE) in the remaining dimension. That way, ODE's numerical methods can be applied to solve Partial Differential Equations (PDEs). In this project, Linear Multistep Methods and Method of Lines are used to numerically solve the heat equation. Specifically, the explicit Adams-Bashforth method and the implicit Backward Differentiation Formulas are implemented as Alternative Finite Difference Schemes. We also examine the consistency of these schemes.


A Mathematical Model For The Adoption Of Information And Communication Technology In School Libraries In Nigeria, Helen Olubunmi Jaiyeola Akinade, Jeremiah Ademola Balogun, Peter Adebayo Idowu 2022 Mountain Top University, Nigeria

A Mathematical Model For The Adoption Of Information And Communication Technology In School Libraries In Nigeria, Helen Olubunmi Jaiyeola Akinade, Jeremiah Ademola Balogun, Peter Adebayo Idowu

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study focused on the development of a mathematical model required for estimating the number of adopters of ICT devices among libraries located in Nigeria. Data for this study was collected from 121 respondents selected based on a research survey approach using simple random sampling. 9 ICT devices were identified, namely: PCs, printers/fax machines, search engines, e-library systems, bulk SMS services, library management systems, bar/QR code readers, projectors and video conferencing. The results showed that the earliest ICT devices were adopted for use in 1997, such as: PCs, printers/fax machines and search engines. The remaining ICT devices ...


Representing And Analyzing The Dynamics Of An Agent-Based Adaptive Social Network Model With Partial Integro-Differential Equations, Hiroki Sayama 2022 Binghamton University, SUNY

Representing And Analyzing The Dynamics Of An Agent-Based Adaptive Social Network Model With Partial Integro-Differential Equations, Hiroki Sayama

Northeast Journal of Complex Systems (NEJCS)

We formulated and analyzed a set of partial integro-differential equations that capture the dynamics of our adaptive network model of social fragmentation involving behavioral diversity of agents. Previous results showed that, if the agents’ cultural tolerance levels were diversified, the social network could remain connected while maintaining cultural diversity. Here we converted the original agent-based model into a continuous equation-based one so we can gain more theoretical insight into the model dynamics. We restricted the node states to 1-D continuous values and assumed the network size was very large. As a result, we represented the whole system as a set ...


Toward Suicidal Ideation Detection With Lexical Network Features And Machine Learning, Ulya Bayram, William Lee, Daniel Santel, Ali Minai, Peggy Clark, Tracy Glauser, John Pestian 2022 Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University

Toward Suicidal Ideation Detection With Lexical Network Features And Machine Learning, Ulya Bayram, William Lee, Daniel Santel, Ali Minai, Peggy Clark, Tracy Glauser, John Pestian

Northeast Journal of Complex Systems (NEJCS)

In this study, we introduce a new network feature for detecting suicidal ideation from clinical texts and conduct various additional experiments to enrich the state of knowledge. We evaluate statistical features with and without stopwords, use lexical networks for feature extraction and classification, and compare the results with standard machine learning methods using a logistic classifier, a neural network, and a deep learning method. We utilize three text collections. The first two contain transcriptions of interviews conducted by experts with suicidal (n=161 patients that experienced severe ideation) and control subjects (n=153). The third collection consists of interviews conducted ...


A Spatially And Temporally Second Order Method For Solving Parabolic Interface Problems, Kumudu Gamage, Yan Peng 2022 Old Dominion University

A Spatially And Temporally Second Order Method For Solving Parabolic Interface Problems, Kumudu Gamage, Yan Peng

College of Sciences Posters

Parabolic interface problems have many applications in physics and biology, such as hyperthermia treatment of cancer, underground water flow, and food engineering. Here we present an algorithm for solving two-dimensional parabolic interface problems where the coefficient and the forcing term have a discontinuity across the interface. The Crank-Nicolson scheme is used for time discretization, and the direct immersed interface method is used for spatial discretization. The proposed method is second order in both space and time for both solution and gradients in maximum norm.


Active Polar Liquid Crystal Channel Flows: Analyzing The Roles Of Nematic Strength And Activation Parameter, Lacey Schenk, Ruhai Zhou 2022 Old Dominion University

Active Polar Liquid Crystal Channel Flows: Analyzing The Roles Of Nematic Strength And Activation Parameter, Lacey Schenk, Ruhai Zhou

College of Sciences Posters

Suspensions of active polar liquid crystalline polymers (APLC) exhibit complex phenomena such as spontaneous flows, pattern formations and defects. Using the Kinetic Model, which couples the Smoluchowski Equation and the Navier-Stokes Equations, we conduct numerical simulations of APLC in a microfluidic channel to investigate the competitive effect among different material constants, such as the nematic concentration (the strength of the potential for nematic order) and active strength (the individual nano-rods strength of their individual movement) with and without a pressure gradient. Both Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions on the mathematical model are employed. Steady states, including isotropic and nematic states ...


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