Modeling Nonsegmented Negative-Strand Rna Virus (Nnsv) Transcription With Ejective Polymerase Collisions And Biased Diffusion, 2023 Baylor College of Medicine

#### Modeling Nonsegmented Negative-Strand Rna Virus (Nnsv) Transcription With Ejective Polymerase Collisions And Biased Diffusion, Felipe-Andres Piedra

*Research Symposium*

**Background**: The textbook model of NNSV transcription predicts a gene expression gradient. However, multiple studies show non-gradient gene expression patterns or data inconsistent with a simple gradient. Regarding the latter, several studies show a dramatic decrease in gene expression over the last two genes of the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) genome (a highly studied NNSV). The textbook model cannot explain these phenomena.

**Methods:** Computational models of RSV and vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV – another highly studied NNSV) transcription were written in the Python programming language using the Scientific Python Development Environment. The model code is freely available on GitHub: …

Time-Fractional Navier-Stokes Equation Solved By Fractional Variation Of Parameters Method: An Analytic Approach, 2023 Department of Mathematics, The Sahara University, Narowal, 51600 Pakistan

#### Time-Fractional Navier-Stokes Equation Solved By Fractional Variation Of Parameters Method: An Analytic Approach, Muhammad Shakil Shaiq, Shoaib Ali, Azeem Shahzad, Tahir Naseem

*International Journal of Emerging Multidisciplinaries: Mathematics*

In this investigation, we make use of the Variation of Parameters Method (VPM) to find a solution to the nonlinear time-fractional Navier-Stokes equation. Additionally, the fractional derivative in the sense of Riemann-Liouville is presented and discussed. Within the scope of this investigation, the Variation of Parameters Method (VPM) has been modified to include a fractional multiplier. The Fractional Variation of Parameters Method (FVPM) was created as an iterative way to solve the time-fractional nonlinear time-fractional Navier-Stokes equation. According to the findings of the calculations, the newly developed algorithm (FVPM) is compatible, accurate, and reliable.

An Implementation Of The Method Of Moments On Chemical Systems With Constant And Time-Dependent Rates, 2023 University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa

#### An Implementation Of The Method Of Moments On Chemical Systems With Constant And Time-Dependent Rates, Emmanuel O. Adara, Roger B. Sidje

*Northeast Journal of Complex Systems (NEJCS)*

Among numerical techniques used to facilitate the analysis of biochemical reactions, we can use the method of moments to directly approximate statistics such as the mean numbers of molecules. The method is computationally viable in time and memory, compared to solving the chemical master equation (CME) which is notoriously expensive. In this study, we apply the method of moments to a chemical system with a constant rate representing a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) model, as well as another system with time-dependent propensities representing the susceptible, infected, and recovered (SIR) model with periodic contact rate. We assess the accuracy of …

Analysis Of Nonequilibrium Langevin Dynamics For Steady Homogeneous Flows, 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Analysis Of Nonequilibrium Langevin Dynamics For Steady Homogeneous Flows, Abdel Kader A. Geraldo

*Doctoral Dissertations*

First, we propose using rotating periodic boundary conditions (PBCs) [13] to simulate nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) in uniaxial or biaxial stretching flow. These specialized PBCs are required because the simulation box deforms with the flow. The method extends previous models with one or two lattice remappings and is simpler to implement than PBCs proposed by Dobson [10] and Hunt [24].

Then, using automorphism remapping PBC techniques such as Lees-Edwards for shear flow and Kraynik-Reinelt for planar elongational flow, we demonstrate expo-nential convergence to a steady-state limit cycle of incompressible two-dimensional

NELD. To demonstrate convergence [12], we use a technique similar …

A Comparison Of Computational Perfusion Imaging Techniques, 2023 Western Kentucky University

#### A Comparison Of Computational Perfusion Imaging Techniques, Shaharina Shoha

*Masters Theses & Specialist Projects*

Dynamic contrast agent magnetic resonance perfusion imaging plays a vital role in various medical applications, including tumor grading, distinguishing between tumor types, guiding procedures, and evaluating treatment efficacy. Extracting essential biological parameters, such as cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), and mean transit time (MTT), from acquired imaging data is crucial for making critical treatment decisions. However, the accuracy of these parameters can be compromised by the inherent noise and artifacts present in the source images.

This thesis focuses on addressing the challenges associated with parameter estimation in dynamic contrast agent magnetic resonance perfusion imaging. Specifically, we aim …

Modeling Biphasic, Non-Sigmoidal Dose-Response Relationships: Comparison Of Brain- Cousens And Cedergreen Models For A Biochemical Dataset, 2023 Virginia Commonwealth University

#### Modeling Biphasic, Non-Sigmoidal Dose-Response Relationships: Comparison Of Brain- Cousens And Cedergreen Models For A Biochemical Dataset, Venkat D. Abbaraju, Tamaraty L. Robinson, Brian P. Weiser

*Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship*

Biphasic, non-sigmoidal dose-response relationships are frequently observed in biochemistry and pharmacology, but they are not always analyzed with appropriate statistical methods. Here, we examine curve fitting methods for “hormetic” dose-response relationships where low and high doses of an effector produce opposite responses. We provide the full dataset used for modeling, and we provide the code for analyzing the dataset in SAS using two established mathematical models of hormesis, the Brain-Cousens model and the Cedergreen model. We show how to obtain and interpret curve parameters such as the ED50 that arise from modeling, and we discuss how curve parameters might change …

Null Space Removal In Finite Element Discretizations, 2023 Clemson University

#### Null Space Removal In Finite Element Discretizations, Pengfei Jia

*All Theses*

Partial differential equations are frequently utilized in the mathematical formulation of physical problems. Boundary conditions need to be applied in order to obtain the unique solution to such problems. However, some types of boundary conditions do not lead to unique solutions because the continuous problem has a null space. In this thesis, we will discuss how to solve such problems effectively. We first review the foundation of all three problems and prove that Laplace problem, linear elasticity problem and Stokes problem can be well posed if we restrict the test and trial space in the continuous and discrete finite element …

Mathematics Behind Machine Learning, 2023 California State University, San Bernardino

#### Mathematics Behind Machine Learning, Rim Hammoud

*Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations*

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a broad field of study that involves developing intelligent

machines that can perform tasks that typically require human intelligence. Machine

learning (ML) is often used as a tool to help create AI systems. The goal of ML is

to create models that can learn and improve to make predictions or decisions based on given data. The goal of this thesis is to build a clear and rigorous exposition of the mathematical underpinnings of support vector machines (SVM), a popular platform used in ML. As we will explore later on in the thesis, SVM can be implemented …

Deep Virtual Pion Pair Production, 2023 Old Dominion University

#### Deep Virtual Pion Pair Production, Dilini Lakshani Bulumulla

*Physics Theses & Dissertations*

This experiment investigates the deep virtual production of both σ− and ρ− mesons, with a particular focus on the microscopic structure of the σ mesons. While the ρ meson is an ordinary qq¯ pair, the σ meson is composed of not only the typical qq¯ pair, making it a topic of controversy for nearly six decades. Although the existence of the σ− meson is now well established, its microscopic structure remains poorly understood. The primary objective of this thesis is to contribute to the understanding of the σ meson by analyzing its deep virtual production. The main focus of this …

Flow Dynamics In Cardiovascular Devices: A Comprehensive Review, 2023 KENYATTA UNIVERSITY , NAIROBI

#### Flow Dynamics In Cardiovascular Devices: A Comprehensive Review, Venant Niyonkuru, Bosco Jean Ndayishimiye Dr, Anicet Barthélemy Sibomana

*Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine*

This review explores flow dynamics in cardiovascular devices, focusing on fundamental fluid mechanics principles and normal blood flow patterns. It discusses the role of different structures in maintaining flow dynamics and the importance of stents, heart valves, artificial hearts, and ventricular assist devices in cardiovascular interventions. The review emphasizes the need for optimized designs and further research to enhance knowledge of flow dynamics in cardiovascular devices, advancing the field and improving patient care in cardiovascular interventions.

She Is An Expert In This Research Field: The Signal Of Recent Publications' Relevance, 2023 University of Haifa

#### She Is An Expert In This Research Field: The Signal Of Recent Publications' Relevance, Gil Zeevi, Osnat Mokryn

*Northeast Journal of Complex Systems (NEJCS)*

Assessing the expertise of researchers has garnered increased interest recently. This heightened focus arises from the growing emphasis on interdisciplinary science and the subsequent need to form expert teams. When forming these teams, the coordinators need to assess expertise in fields that are often very different from theirs. The conventional reliance on signals of success, prestige, and academic impact can unintentionally perpetuate biases within the assessment process. This traditional approach favors senior researchers and those affiliated with prestigious institutions, potentially overlooking talented individuals from underrepresented backgrounds or institutions. This paper addresses the challenge of determining expertise by proposing a methodology …

Pathogen Emergence As Complex Biological Invasion: Lessons From Dynamical Systems Modeling, 2023 Yale University

#### Pathogen Emergence As Complex Biological Invasion: Lessons From Dynamical Systems Modeling, Sudam Surasinghe, Marisabel Rodriguez, Victor Meszaros, Jane Molofksy, Salvador Almagro-Moreno, Brandon Ogbunugafor

*Northeast Journal of Complex Systems (NEJCS)*

Infectious disease emergence has become the target of cross-disciplinary efforts

that aim to understand and predict the shape of outbreaks. The many challenges

involved with the prediction of disease emergence events is a characteristic that in-

fectious diseases share with biological invasions in many subfields of ecology (e.g.,

how certain plants are able to successfully invade a new niche). Like infectious

diseases, biological invasions by plants and animals involve interactions between

agents (pathogens and plants in their respective cases) and a recipient niche. In

this study, we examine the problem of pathogen emergence through the lens of a

framework first …

Solving The Cable Equation, A Second-Order Time Dependent Pde For Non-Ideal Cables With Action Potentials In The Mammalian Brain Using Kss Methods, 2023 The University of Southern Mississippi

#### Solving The Cable Equation, A Second-Order Time Dependent Pde For Non-Ideal Cables With Action Potentials In The Mammalian Brain Using Kss Methods, Nirmohi Charbe

*Master's Theses*

In this thesis we shall perform the comparisons of a Krylov Subspace Spectral method with Forward Euler, Backward Euler and Crank-Nicolson to solve the Cable Equation. The Cable Equation measures action potentials in axons in a mammalian brain treated as an ideal cable in the first part of the study. We shall subject this problem to the further assumption of a non-ideal cable. Assume a non-uniform cross section area along the longitudinal axis. At the present time, the effects of torsion, curvature and material capacitance are ignored. There is particular interest to generalize the application of the PDEs including and …

Said-Ball Polynomials For Solving Linear Systems Of Ordinary Differential Equations, 2023 Hadhrmout University

#### Said-Ball Polynomials For Solving Linear Systems Of Ordinary Differential Equations, Mubark Al-Subaai Dr., Ahmes Saleh Kherd

*Emirates Journal for Engineering Research*

Said-Ball polynomials** **with collocation method are used to numerically solve a system of linear ordinary differential equations. The matrix forms of Said-Ball polynomials of the solution, derivatives, and conditions are done. The linear system of ordinary differential equations with appropriate conditions is reduced to the linear algebraic equations system with unknown Said-Ball coefficients. Solving the resulting system determines the coefficients of Said-Ball polynomials. By Substituting these values in the polynomial, we get the problem's exact and approximate solutions. The obtaining numerical results show the proposed method's accuracy and reliability when compared with the other works and exact solutions

Temporality-Induced Chaos In The Kuramoto Model, 2023 Toronto Metropolitan University, Toronto, Canada

#### Temporality-Induced Chaos In The Kuramoto Model, Keanu Mason Rock, Hamza Dirie, Sean P. Cornelius

*Northeast Journal of Complex Systems (NEJCS)*

Switched dynamical systems have been extensively studied in engineering literature in the context of system control. In these systems, the dynamical laws change between different subsystems depending on the environment, a process that is known to produce emergent behaviors---notably chaos. These dynamics are analogous to those of temporal networks, in which the network topology changes over time, thereby altering the dynamics on the network. It stands to reason that temporal networks may therefore produce emergent chaos and other exotic behaviors unanticipated in static networks, yet concrete examples remain elusive. Here, we present a minimal example of a networked system in …

Extending The Spectral Difference Method With Divergence Cleaning (Sddc) To The Hall Mhd Equations, 2023 Clarkson University

#### Extending The Spectral Difference Method With Divergence Cleaning (Sddc) To The Hall Mhd Equations, Russell J. Hankey, Kuangxu Chen, Chunlei Liang

*Northeast Journal of Complex Systems (NEJCS)*

The Hall Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations are an extension of the standard MHD equations that include the “Hall” term from the general Ohm’s law. The Hall term decouples ion and electron motion physically on the ion inertial length scales. Implementing the Hall MHD equations in a numerical solver allows more physical simulations for plasma dynamics on length scales less than the ion inertial scale length but greater than the electron inertial length. The present effort is an important step towards producing physically correct results to important problems, such as the Geospace Environmental Modeling (GEM) Magnetic Reconnection problem. The solver that is …

Numerical Analysis Of A Combustion Model For Layered Media Via Mathematical Homogenization, 2023 United States Naval Academy

#### Numerical Analysis Of A Combustion Model For Layered Media Via Mathematical Homogenization, Jessica M. Riggs, Ana Maria Soane

*Mathematica Militaris*

We propose to investigate a mathematical model

for combustion in a rod made of periodically alternating thin

layers of two combustible materials such as those occurring in

gun propellants. We apply the homogenization theory to resolve

the fast oscillations of the model’s coefficients across adjacent

layers, and set up numerical simulations to better understand

the reactions occurring in such media.

Hydrodynamic And Physicochemical Interactions Between An Active Janus Particle And An Inactive Particle, 2023 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Hydrodynamic And Physicochemical Interactions Between An Active Janus Particle And An Inactive Particle, Jessica S. Rosenberg

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

Active matter is an area of soft matter science in which units consume energy and turn it into autonomous motion. Groups of these units – whether flocks of birds, bacterial colonies, or even collections of synthetically-made active particles – may exhibit complex behavior on large scales. While the large-scale picture is of great importance, so is the microscopic scale. Studying the individual particles that make up active matter will allow us to understand how they move, and whether and under what circumstances their activity can be controlled.

Here we delve into the world of active matter by studying colloidal-sized (100 …

(R1951) Numerical Solution For A Class Of Nonlinear Emden-Fowler Equations By Exponential Collocation Method, 2023 Imam Khomeini International University

#### (R1951) Numerical Solution For A Class Of Nonlinear Emden-Fowler Equations By Exponential Collocation Method, Mohammad Aslefallah, Saeid Abbasbandy, Şuayip Yüzbaşi

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

In this research, exponential approximation is used to solve a class of nonlinear Emden-Fowler equations. This method is based on the matrix forms of exponential functions and their derivatives using collocation points. To demonstrate the usefulness of the method, we apply it to some different problems. The numerical approximate solutions are compared with available (existing) exact (analytical) solutions to show the accuracy of the proposed method. The method has been checked with several examples to show its validity and reliability. The reported examples illustrate that the method is reasonably efficient and accurate.

(R1987) Hermite Wavelets Method For System Of Linear Differential Equations, 2023 Sant Baba Bhag Singh University

#### (R1987) Hermite Wavelets Method For System Of Linear Differential Equations, Inderdeep Singh, Manbir Kaur

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

In this research paper, we present an accurate technique for solving the system of linear differential equations. Such equations often arise as a result of modeling in many systems and applications of engineering and science. The proposed scheme is based on Hermite wavelets basis functions and operational matrices of integration. The demonstrated scheme is simple as it converts the problem into algebraic matrix equation. To validate the applicability and efficacy of the developed scheme, some illustrative examples are also considered. The results so obtained with the help of the present proposed numerical technique by using Hermite wavelets are observed to …