Numerical Approximations Of Phase Field Equations With Physics Informed Neural Networks, 2020 Utah State University

#### Numerical Approximations Of Phase Field Equations With Physics Informed Neural Networks, Colby Wight

*All Graduate Plan B and other Reports*

Designing numerical algorithms for solving partial differential equations (PDEs) is one of the major research branches in applied and computational mathematics. Recently there has been some seminal work on solving PDEs using the deep neural networks. In particular, the Physics Informed Neural Network (PINN) has been shown to be effective in solving some classical partial differential equations. However, we find that this method is not sufficient in solving all types of equations and falls short in solving phase-field equations. In this thesis, we propose various techniques that add to the power of these networks. Mainly, we propose to embrace the ...

The Boundary Element Method For Parabolic Equation And Its Implementation In Bem++, 2020 Southern Methodist University

#### The Boundary Element Method For Parabolic Equation And Its Implementation In Bem++, Sihao Wang

*Mathematics Theses and Dissertations*

The goal of this work is to develop a fast method for solving Galerkin discretizations of boundary integral formulations of the heat equation. The main contribution of this work is to devise a new fast algorithm for evaluating the dense matrices of the discretized integral equations.

Similar to the parabolic FMM, this method is based on a subdivision of the matrices into an appropriate hierarchical block structure. However, instead of an expansion of the kernel in both space and time we interpolate kernel in the temporal variables and use of the adaptive cross approximation (ACA) in the spatial variables.

The ...

Parallel-In-Time Simulation Of Biofluids, 2020 Syracuse University

#### Parallel-In-Time Simulation Of Biofluids, Weifan Liu, Minghao Rostami

*Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference*

No abstract provided.

Hydrodynamic Instability Simulations Using Front-Tracking With Higher-Order Splitting Methods, 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Hydrodynamic Instability Simulations Using Front-Tracking With Higher-Order Splitting Methods, Dillon Trinh

*Mathematical Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses*

The Rayleigh-Taylor Instability (RTI) is an instability that occurs at the interface of a lighter density fluid pushing onto a higher density fluid in constant or time-dependent accelerations. The Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability (RMI) occurs when two fluids of different densities are separated by a perturbed interface that is accelerated impulsively, usually by a shock wave. When the shock wave is applied, the less dense fluid will penetrate the denser fluid, forming a characteristic bubble feature in the displacement of the fluid. The displacement will initially obey a linear growth model, but as time progresses, a nonlinear model is required. Numerical studies ...

Modeling Fico Score And Loan Amount, 2020 Georgia College

#### Modeling Fico Score And Loan Amount, Ashleigh Romer

*Georgia College Student Research Events*

In this research, we use Lending Club data from Kaggle to analyze FICO scores and loan amounts funded using multiple predictors. Lending Club is a US peer-to-peer lending company, headquartered in San Francisco, California. First, we cleaned our big data with 1,048,575 rows and 97 columns and then performed exploratory data analysis. We also used feature engineering and subset selection methods to build a linear model to predict FICO score and amount funded of customers loan requests. Overall, we found that FICO score is best modeled using backward regression which gives an exponential function with the predictors being ...

D-Vine Copula Model For Dependent Binary Data, 2020 Old Dominion University

#### D-Vine Copula Model For Dependent Binary Data, Huihui Lin, N. Rao Chaganty

*College of Sciences Posters*

High-dimensional dependent binary data are prevalent in a wide range of scientific disciplines. A popular method for analyzing such data is the Multivariate Probit (MP) model. But the MP model sometimes fails even within a feasible range of binary correlations, because the underlying correlation matrix of the latent variables may not be positive definite. In this research, we proposed pair copula models, assuming the dependence between the binary variables is first order autoregressive (AR(1))or equicorrelated structure. Also, when Archimediean copula is used, most paper converted Kendall Tau to corresponding copula parameter, there is no explicit function of Pearson ...

Wilson Sensor Footballs: Consistency Metric, 2020 Ohio Northern University

#### Wilson Sensor Footballs: Consistency Metric, Kenneth Eaton

*Honors Capstone Enhancement Presentations*

No abstract provided.

A Time Integration Method Of Approximate Particular Solutions For Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations, 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

#### A Time Integration Method Of Approximate Particular Solutions For Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations, Cyril Ocloo

*Master's Theses*

We consider a time-dependent method which is coupled with the method of approximate particular solutions (MAPS) of Delta-shaped basis functions and the method of fundamental solutions (MFS) to solve nonlinear ordinary differential equations. Firstly, we convert a nonlinear problem into a sequence of time-dependent non-homogeneous boundary value problems through a fictitious time integration method. The superposition principle is applied to split the numerical solution at each time step into an approximate particular solution and a homogeneous solution. Delta-shaped basis functions are used to provide an approximation of the source function at each time step. The purpose of this is to ...

Improved Filtering Of Electron Tomography Edx Data, 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

#### Improved Filtering Of Electron Tomography Edx Data, Kelsey M. Larkin

*Senior Theses*

Electron microscopy is a very exciting field, which has shown huge developments in the last few decades. There is a continuous development of new methods which feature atomic level resolution. One of these methods is the energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, which allows the researchers to understand the chemical make-up of the sample. It is particularly exciting that we are able to make EDX tomographic reconstructions and view the 3D structure of a nano-object.

This thesis is focused on developing a new methodology for EDX tomography. In a typical EDX set-up, one detects X-rays from the sample with different energies ...

Numerical Analysis Of Three-Dimensional Mhd Flow Of Casson Nanofluid Past An Exponentially Stretching Sheet, 2020 S 'O' A Deemed to be University

#### Numerical Analysis Of Three-Dimensional Mhd Flow Of Casson Nanofluid Past An Exponentially Stretching Sheet, Madhusudan Senapati, Kharabela Swain, Sampad Kumar Parida

*Karbala International Journal of Modern Science*

The convective three dimensional electrically conducting Casson nanofluid flow over an exponentially stretching sheet embedded in a saturated porous medium and subjected to thermal as well as solutal slip in the presence of externally applied transverse magnetic field (force-at-a-distance) is studied. The heat transfer phenomenon includes the viscous dissipation, Joulian dissipation, thermal radiation, contribution of nanofluidity and temperature dependent volumetric heat source. The study of mass diffusion in the presence of chemically reactive species enriches the analysis. The numerical solutions of coupled nonlinear governing equations bring some earlier reported results as particular cases providing a testimony of validation of the ...

Numerical Solution For Solving Two-Points Boundary Value Problems Using Orthogonal Boubaker Polynomials, 2020 University of Technology, Iraq

#### Numerical Solution For Solving Two-Points Boundary Value Problems Using Orthogonal Boubaker Polynomials, Imad Noah Ahmed

*Emirates Journal for Engineering Research*

In this paper, a new technique for solving boundary value problems (BVPs) is introduced. An orthogonal function for Boubaker polynomial was utilizedand by the aid of Galerkin method the BVP was transformed to a system of linear algebraic equations with unknown coefficients, which can be easily solved to find the approximate result. Some numerical examples were added with illustrations, comparing their results with the exact to show the efficiency and the applicability of the method.

Investigating The Solution Properties Of Population Model Of Cross-Diffusion Model With Double Nonlinearity And With Variable Density, 2020 Scientific and Innovation Center of Information and Communication Technologies at Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad al-Khwarizmi, Address: Amir Temur street, 108, 100200, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan

#### Investigating The Solution Properties Of Population Model Of Cross-Diffusion Model With Double Nonlinearity And With Variable Density, Dildora Kabilovna Muhamediyeva

*Chemical Technology, Control and Management*

*The models of two competing populations with double nonlinear diffusion and three types of functional dependencies are considered. The first dependence corresponds to the Malthusian type, the second to the Verhühlst type (logistic population), and the third to Olli-type populations. A common element of this kind of description is the presence of a linear source. Nonlinear sinks are also present in descriptions of populations of the Verhulst and Ollie type. Suitable initial approximations for a rapidly converging iterative process are proposed. Based on a self-similar analysis and comparison of the solutions of the Cauchy problem in the domain for an ...*

A Computationally-Efficient Bound For The Variance Of Measuring The Orientation Of Single Molecules, 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

#### A Computationally-Efficient Bound For The Variance Of Measuring The Orientation Of Single Molecules, Tingting Wu, Tianben Ding, Hesam Mazidi, Oumeng Zhang, Matthew D. Lew

*Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations*

Modulating the polarization of excitation light, resolving the polarization of emitted fluorescence, and point spread function (PSF) engineering have been widely leveraged for measuring the orientation of single molecules. Typically, the performance of these techniques is optimized and quantified using the Cramér-Rao bound (CRB), which describes the best possible measurement variance of an unbiased estimator. However, CRB is a local measure and requires exhaustive sampling across the measurement space to fully characterize measurement precision. We develop a global variance upper bound (VUB) for fast quantification and comparison of orientation measurement techniques. Our VUB tightly bounds the diagonal elements of the ...

Informal Professional Development On Twitter: Exploring The Online Communities Of Mathematics Educators, 2020 Southern Methodist University

#### Informal Professional Development On Twitter: Exploring The Online Communities Of Mathematics Educators, Jaymie Ruddock

*SMU Journal of Undergraduate Research*

Professional development in its most traditional form is a classroom setting with a lecturer and an overwhelming amount of information. It is no surprise, then, that informal professional development away from institutions and on the teacher's own terms is a growing phenomenon due to an increased presence of educators on social media. These communities of educators use hashtags to broadcast to each other, with general hashtags such as #edchat having the broadest audience. However, many math educators usethe hashtags #ITeachMath and #MTBoS, communities I was interested in learning more about. I built a python script that used Tweepy to ...

A New Class Of Discontinuous Galerkin Methods For Wave Equations In Second-Order Form, 2020 Southern Methodist University

#### A New Class Of Discontinuous Galerkin Methods For Wave Equations In Second-Order Form, Lu Zhang

*Mathematics Theses and Dissertations*

Discontinuous Galerkin methods are widely used in many practical fields. In this thesis, we focus on a new class of discontinuous Galerkin methods for second-order wave equations. This thesis is constructed by three main parts. In the first part, we study the convergence properties of the energy-based discontinuous Galerkin proposed in [3] for wave equations. We improve the existing suboptimal error estimates to an optimal convergence rate in the energy norm. In the second part, we generalize the energy-based discontinuous Galerkin method proposed in [3] to the advective wave equation and semilinear wave equation in second-order form. Energy-conserving or energy-dissipating ...

Evaluating An Ordinal Output Using Data Modeling, Algorithmic Modeling, And Numerical Analysis, 2020 Murray State University

#### Evaluating An Ordinal Output Using Data Modeling, Algorithmic Modeling, And Numerical Analysis, Martin Keagan Wynne Brown

*Murray State Theses and Dissertations*

Data and algorithmic modeling are two diﬀerent approaches used in predictive analytics. The models discussed from these two approaches include the proportional odds logit model (POLR), the vector generalized linear model (VGLM), the classiﬁcation and regression tree model (CART), and the random forests model (RF). Patterns in the data were analyzed using trigonometric polynomial approximations and Fast Fourier Transforms. Predictive modeling is used frequently in statistics and data science to ﬁnd the relationship between the explanatory (input) variables and a response (output) variable. Both approaches prove advantageous in diﬀerent cases depending on the data set. In our case, the data ...

Elucidating The Properties And Mechanism For Cellulose Dissolution In Tetrabutylphosphonium-Based Ionic Liquids Using High Concentrations Of Water, 2020 West Virginia University

#### Elucidating The Properties And Mechanism For Cellulose Dissolution In Tetrabutylphosphonium-Based Ionic Liquids Using High Concentrations Of Water, Brad Crawford

*Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports*

The structural, transport, and thermodynamic properties related to cellulose dissolution by tetrabutylphosphonium chloride (TBPCl) and tetrabutylphosphonium hydroxide (TBPH)-water mixtures have been calculated via molecular dynamics simulations. For both ionic liquid (IL)-water solutions, water veins begin to form between the TBPs interlocking arms at 80 mol % water, opening a pathway for the diffusion of the anions, cations, and water. The water veins allow for a diffusion regime shift in the concentration region from 80 to 92.5 mol % water, providing a higher probability of solvent interaction with the dissolving cellulose strand. The hydrogen bonding was compared between small and ...

Orthogonal Recurrent Neural Networks And Batch Normalization In Deep Neural Networks, 2020 University of Kentucky

#### Orthogonal Recurrent Neural Networks And Batch Normalization In Deep Neural Networks, Kyle Eric Helfrich

*Theses and Dissertations--Mathematics*

Despite the recent success of various machine learning techniques, there are still numerous obstacles that must be overcome. One obstacle is known as the vanishing/exploding gradient problem. This problem refers to gradients that either become zero or unbounded. This is a well known problem that commonly occurs in Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs). In this work we describe how this problem can be mitigated, establish three different architectures that are designed to avoid this issue, and derive update schemes for each architecture. Another portion of this work focuses on the often used technique of batch normalization. Although found to be ...

Interpretations Of Bicoherence In Space & Lab Plasma Dynamics, 2020 West Virginia University

#### Interpretations Of Bicoherence In Space & Lab Plasma Dynamics, Gregory Allen Riggs

*Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports*

The application of bicoherence analysis to plasma research, particularly in non-linear, coupled-wave regimes, has thus far been significantly belied by poor resolution in time, and/or outright destruction of frequency information. Though the typical power spectrum cloaks the phase-coherency between frequencies, Fourier transforms of higher-order convolutions provide an *n*-dimensional spectrum which is adept at elucidating *n*-wave phase coherence. As such, this investigation focuses on the utility of the normalized bispectrum for detection of wave-wave coupling in general, with emphasis on distinct implications within the scope of non-linear plasma physics. Interpretations of bicoherent features are given for time series ...

Personalized Detection Of Anxiety Provoking News Events Using Semantic Network Analysis, 2019 Southern Methodist University

#### Personalized Detection Of Anxiety Provoking News Events Using Semantic Network Analysis, Jacquelyn Cheun Phd, Luay Dajani, Quentin B. Thomas

*SMU Data Science Review*

In the age of hyper-connectivity, 24/7 news cycles, and instant news alerts via social media, mental health researchers don't have a way to automatically detect news content which is associated with triggering anxiety or depression in mental health patients. Using the Associated Press news wire, a semantic network was built with 1,056 news articles containing over 500,000 connections across multiple topics to provide a personalized algorithm which detects problematic news content for a given reader. We make use of Semantic Network Analysis to surface the relationship between news article text and anxiety in readers who struggle ...