Transport Phenomena In Field Effect Transistors, 2018 National Institute of Standards and Technology

#### Transport Phenomena In Field Effect Transistors, Ryan M. Evans, Arvind Balijepalli, Anthony Kearsley

*Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference*

No abstract provided.

Spatial Spread Of Defective Interfering Particles And Its Role In Suppressing Viral Load, 2018 North Carolina State University at Raleigh

#### Spatial Spread Of Defective Interfering Particles And Its Role In Suppressing Viral Load, Qasim Ali Qa, Ruian Ke

*Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference*

No abstract provided.

Properties And Convergence Of State-Based Laplacians, 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

#### Properties And Convergence Of State-Based Laplacians, Kelsey Wells

*Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research Papers in Mathematics*

The classical Laplace operator is a vital tool in modeling many physical behaviors, such as elasticity, diffusion and fluid flow. Incorporated in the Laplace operator is the requirement of twice differentiability, which implies continuity that many physical processes lack. In this thesis we introduce a new nonlocal Laplace-type operator, that is capable of dealing with strong discontinuities. Motivated by the state-based peridynamic framework, this new nonlocal Laplacian exhibits double nonlocality through the use of iterated integral operators. The operator introduces additional degrees of flexibility that can allow better representation of physical phenomena at different scales and in materials with different ...

Automatic Construction Of Scalable Time-Stepping Methods For Stiff Pdes, 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

#### Automatic Construction Of Scalable Time-Stepping Methods For Stiff Pdes, Vivian Montiforte

*Master's Theses*

Krylov Subspace Spectral (KSS) Methods have been demonstrated to be highly scalable time-stepping methods for stiff nonlinear PDEs. However, ensuring this scalability requires analytic computation of frequency-dependent quadrature nodes from the coefficients of the spatial differential operator. This thesis describes how this process can be automated for various classes of differential operators to facilitate public-domain software implementation.

The Advection-Diffusion Equation And The Enhanced Dissipation Effect For Flows Generated By Hamiltonians, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### The Advection-Diffusion Equation And The Enhanced Dissipation Effect For Flows Generated By Hamiltonians, Michael Kumaresan

*All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

We study the Cauchy problem for the advection-diffusion equation when the diffusive parameter is vanishingly small. We consider two cases - when the underlying flow is a shear flow, and when the underlying flow is generated by a Hamiltonian. For the former, we examine the problem on a bounded domain in two spatial variables with Dirichlet boundary conditions. After quantizing the system via the Fourier transform in the first spatial variable, we establish the enhanced-dissipation effect for each mode. For the latter, we allow for non-degenerate critical points and represent the orbits by points on a Reeb graph, with vertices representing ...

Physical Applications Of The Geometric Minimum Action Method, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Physical Applications Of The Geometric Minimum Action Method, George L. Poppe Jr.

*All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

This thesis extends the landscape of rare events problems solved on stochastic systems by means of the \textit{geometric minimum action method} (gMAM). These include partial differential equations (PDEs) such as the real Ginzburg-Landau equation (RGLE), the linear Schroedinger equation, along with various forms of the nonlinear Schroedinger equation (NLSE) including an application towards an ultra-short pulse mode-locked laser system (MLL).

Additionally we develop analytical tools that can be used alongside numerics to validate those solutions. This includes the use of instanton methods in deriving state transitions for the linear Schroedinger equation and the cubic diffusive NLSE.

These analytical solutions ...

Homogenization In Perforated Domains And With Soft Inclusions, 2018 University of Kentucky

#### Homogenization In Perforated Domains And With Soft Inclusions, Brandon C. Russell

*Brandon Russell*

Swelling As A Stabilizing Mechanism During Ion Bombardment Of Thin Films: An Analytical And Numerical Study, 2018 Southern Methodist University

#### Swelling As A Stabilizing Mechanism During Ion Bombardment Of Thin Films: An Analytical And Numerical Study, Jennifer M. Swenson

*Mathematics Theses and Dissertations*

Irradiation of semiconductor surfaces often leads to the spontaneous formation of rippled structures at certain irradiation angles. However, at high enough energies, these structures are observed to vanish for all angles, despite the absence of any identified, universally-stabilizing physical mechanisms in operation. Here, we examine the effect on pattern formation of radiation-induced swelling, which has been excluded from prior treatments of stress in irradiated films. After developing a suitable continuum model, we perform a linear stability analysis to determine its effect on stability. Under appropriate simplifying assumptions, we find swelling indeed to be stabilizing at wavenumbers typical of experimental observations ...

Numerical Simulation Of Energy Localization In Dynamic Materials, 2018 Tallinn University of Technology

#### Numerical Simulation Of Energy Localization In Dynamic Materials, Arkadi Berezovski, Mihhail Berezovski

*Publications*

Dynamic materials are artificially constructed in such a way that they may vary their characteristic properties in space or in time, or both, by an appropriate arrangement or control. These controlled changes in time can be provided by the application of an external (non-mechanical) field, or through a phase transition. In principle, all materials change their properties with time, but very slowly and smoothly. Changes in properties of dynamic materials should be realized in a short or quasi-nil time lapse and over a sufficiently large material region. Wave propagation is a characteristic feature for dynamic materials because it is also ...

Screening Algorithm Based On The Color Halftone Fluorescent Printing And Its Application In Packaging Design, 2018 Hunan University of Technology

#### Screening Algorithm Based On The Color Halftone Fluorescent Printing And Its Application In Packaging Design, Hu Yaojian, Liu Juan, Wang Ruojing, Zhong Yunfei

*Journal of Applied Packaging Research*

**Abstract：**This paper analyzed the characteristics of colorless fluorescent ink and the existing color separation theory, so that colored additive method should be used in printing color pattern with colorless fluorescent ink as well as three-color screening separation type (red, green and blue). Considering the exhibition of the tone, this paper selected dot parallel screening method. At the same time, through comparing the properties of different dots, this paper adopted a special method of AM screening, using regular triangle as the basic dot model to a threshold matrix of AM screening. Finally, designing a screening algorithm which best suit the ...

A Mathematical Model Of A Corrosion System Containing Inhibitors, 2018 The University of Akron

#### A Mathematical Model Of A Corrosion System Containing Inhibitors, Abigael Frey

*Honors Research Projects*

A two dimensional model is developed to describe how organic and inorganic inhibitors slows down the corrosion damage of a coated metal plate that contains a defect. The model contains a metal covered on one side by a coating that contains organic and inorganic inhibitors, electrolytes that are on the outside of the coating, and a small defect in the coating. The defect is an area where the coating is more porous and allows the electrolytes to leak in faster. In this model the organic inhibitor is presumed to be dissolved into the coating and the inorganic inhibitor is released ...

Material Thermal Property Estimation Of Fibrous Insulation: Heat Transfer Modeling And The Continuous Genetic Algorithm, 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

#### Material Thermal Property Estimation Of Fibrous Insulation: Heat Transfer Modeling And The Continuous Genetic Algorithm, Elora Frye

*Theses and Dissertations*

Material thermal properties are highly sought after to better understand the performance of a material under particular conditions. As new materials are created, their physical properties will determine their performance for various applications. These properties have been estimated using many techniques including experimental testing, numerical modeling, and a combination of both. Existing methods can be time consuming, thus, a time-efficient and precise method to estimate these thermal properties was desired. A one-dimensional finite difference numerical model was developed to replicate the heat transfer through an experimental apparatus. A combination of this numerical model and the Continuous Genetic Algorithm optimization technique ...

Homogenization In Perforated Domains And With Soft Inclusions, 2018 University of Kentucky

#### Homogenization In Perforated Domains And With Soft Inclusions, Brandon C. Russell

*Theses and Dissertations--Mathematics*

In this dissertation, we first provide a short introduction to qualitative homogenization of elliptic equations and systems. We collect relevant and known results regarding elliptic equations and systems with rapidly oscillating, periodic coefficients, which is the classical setting in homogenization of elliptic equations and systems. We extend several classical results to the so called case of perforated domains and consider materials reinforced with soft inclusions. We establish quantitative *H*^{1}-convergence rates in both settings, and as a result deduce large-scale Lipschitz estimates and Liouville-type estimates for solutions to elliptic systems with rapidly oscillating periodic bounded and measurable coefficients. Finally ...

Energy Calculations And Wave Equations, 2018 Missouri State University

#### Energy Calculations And Wave Equations, Ellen R. Hunter

*MSU Graduate Theses*

The focus of this thesis is to show how methods of Fourier analysis, in particular Parseval’s equality, can be used to provide explicit energy calculations for solutions of wave equations in one dimension. These calculations are discussed for simple examples and then extended to ﬁt the general wave equation with Robin boundary conditions. Ideas from Sobolev space theory are used to provide justiﬁcation of the method.

Nonlinear Coupled Effects In Nanomaterials, 2018 Wilfrid Laurier University

#### Nonlinear Coupled Effects In Nanomaterials, Sia Bhowmick

*Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)*

Materials at the nanoscale have different chemical, structural, and optoelectrical properties compared to their bulk counterparts. As a result, such materials, called nanomaterials, exhibit observable differences in certain physical phenomena. One such resulting phenomenon called the piezoelectric effect has played a crucial role in miniature self-powering electronic devices called nanogenerators which are fabricated by using nanostructures, such as nanowires, nanorods, and nanofilms. These devices are capable of harvesting electrical energy by inducing mechanical strain on the individual nanostructures. Electrical energy created in this manner does not have environmental limitations. In this thesis, important coupled effects, such as the nonlinear piezoelectric ...

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

#### Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

From Convergence In Measure To Convergence Of Matrix-Sequences Through Concave Functions And Singular Values, 2017 Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy

#### From Convergence In Measure To Convergence Of Matrix-Sequences Through Concave Functions And Singular Values, Giovanni Barbarino, Carlo Garoni

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

Sequences of matrices with increasing size naturally arise in several areas of science, such as, for example, the numerical discretization of differential and integral equations. An approximation theory for sequences of this kind has recently been developed, with the aim of providing tools for computing their asymptotic singular value and eigenvalue distributions. The cornerstone of this theory is the notion of approximating classes of sequences (a.c.s.), which is also fundamental to the theory of generalized locally Toeplitz (GLT) sequences, and hence to the spectral analysis of PDE discretization matrices. Drawing inspiration from measure theory, here it is introduced ...

Introduction To The Usu Library Of Solutions To The Einstein Field Equations, 2017 ian.anderson@usu.edu

#### Introduction To The Usu Library Of Solutions To The Einstein Field Equations, Ian M. Anderson, Charles G. Torre

*Tutorials on... in 1 hour or less*

This is a Maple worksheet providing an introduction to the USU Library of Solutions to the Einstein Field Equations. The library is part of the DifferentialGeometry software project and is a collection of symbolic data and metadata describing solutions to the Einstein equations.

Mathematical Studies Of Optimal Economic Growth Model With Monetary Policy, 2017 College of William and Mary

#### Mathematical Studies Of Optimal Economic Growth Model With Monetary Policy, Xiang Liu

*Undergraduate Honors Theses*

In this paper, efforts will be made to study an extended Neoclassic economic growth model derived from Solow-Swan Model and Ramsey-Cass-Koopsman Model. Some growth models (e.g. Solow-Swan Model) attempt to explain long-run economic growth by looking at capital accumulation, labor or population growth, and in- creases in productivity, while our derived model tends to look at growth from individual household and how their choice of saving, consumption and money holdings would affect the overall economic capital accumulation over a long period of time.

First an optimal control model is set up, and a system of differential equations and algebraic ...

Mathematical Modeling Of Mixtures And Numerical Solution With Applications To Polymer Physics, 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### Mathematical Modeling Of Mixtures And Numerical Solution With Applications To Polymer Physics, John Timothy Cummings

*Doctoral Dissertations*

We consider in this dissertation the mathematical modeling and simulation of a general diffuse interface mixture model based on the principles of energy dissipation. The model developed allows for a thermodynamically consistent description of systems with an arbitrary number of different components, each of which having perhaps differing densities. We also provide a mathematical description of processes which may allow components to source or sink into other components in a mass conserving, energy dissipating way, with the motivation of applying this model to phase transformation. Also included in the modeling is a unique set of thermodynamically consistent boundary conditions which ...