Low-Communication, Parallel Multigrid Algorithms For Elliptic Partial Differential Equations, 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder

#### Low-Communication, Parallel Multigrid Algorithms For Elliptic Partial Differential Equations, Wayne Mitchell

*Applied Mathematics Graduate Theses & Dissertations*

When solving elliptic partial differential equations (PDE's) multigrid algorithms often provide optimal solvers and preconditioners capable of providing solutions with O(N) computational cost, where N is the number of unknowns. As parallelism of modern super computers continues to grow towards exascale, however, the cost of communication has overshadowed the cost of computation as the next major bottleneck for multigrid algorithms. Typically, multigrid algorithms require O((log P)^2) communication steps in order to solve a PDE problem to the level of discretization accuracy, where P is the number of processors. This has inspired the development of new algorithms ...

On Honey Bee Colony Dynamics And Disease Transmission, 2017 The University of Western Ontario

#### On Honey Bee Colony Dynamics And Disease Transmission, Matthew I. Betti

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

The work herein falls under the umbrella of mathematical modeling of disease transmission. The majority of this document focuses on the extent to which infection undermines the strength of a honey bee colony. These studies extend from simple mass-action ordinary differential equations models, to continuous age-structured partial differential equation models and finally a detailed agent-based model which accounts for vector transmission of infection between bees as well as a host of other influences and stressors on honey bee colony dynamics. These models offer a series of predictions relevant to the fate of honey bee colonies in the presence of disease ...

Thermodynamics Of Coherent Structures Near Phase Transitions, 2017 Purdue University

#### Thermodynamics Of Coherent Structures Near Phase Transitions, Julia M. Meyer, Ivan Christov

*The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium*

Phase transitions within large-scale systems may be modeled by nonlinear stochastic partial differential equations in which system dynamics are captured by appropriate potentials. Coherent structures in these systems evolve randomly through time; thus, statistical behavior of these fields is of greater interest than particular system realizations. The ability to simulate and predict phase transition behavior has many applications, from material behaviors (e.g., crystallographic phase transformations and coherent movement of granular materials) to traffic congestion. Past research focused on deriving solutions to the system probability density function (PDF), which is the ground-state wave function squared. Until recently, the extent to ...

Eigenfunctions For Partial Differential Equations On Two-Dimensional Domains With Piecewise Constant Coefficients, 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

#### Eigenfunctions For Partial Differential Equations On Two-Dimensional Domains With Piecewise Constant Coefficients, Abdullah M. Aurko

*Master's Theses*

In this thesis, we develop a highly accurate and efficient algorithm for computing the solution of a partial differential equation defined on a two-dimensional domain with discontinuous coefficients. An example of such a problem is for modeling the diffusion of heat energy in two space dimensions, in the case where the spatial domain represents a medium consisting of two different but homogeneous materials, with periodic boundary conditions.

Since diffusivity changes based on the material, it will be represented using a piecewise constant function, and this results in the formation of a complicated mathematical model. Such a model is impossible to ...

Numerical Solution Of Partial Differential Equations Using Polynomial Particular Solutions, 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

#### Numerical Solution Of Partial Differential Equations Using Polynomial Particular Solutions, Thir R. Dangal

*Dissertations*

Polynomial particular solutions have been obtained for certain types of partial differential operators without convection terms. In this dissertation, a closed-form particular solution for more general partial differential operators with constant coefficients has been derived for polynomial basis functions. The newly derived particular solutions are further coupled with the method of particular solutions (MPS) for numerically solving a large class of elliptic partial differential equations. In contrast to the use of Chebyshev polynomial basis functions, the proposed approach is more flexible in selecting the collocation points inside the domain. Polynomial basis functions are well-known for yielding ill-conditioned systems when their ...

Numerically Solving A System Of Pdes Modeling Chronic Wounds Treated With Oxygen Therapy, 2017 Western Kentucky University

#### Numerically Solving A System Of Pdes Modeling Chronic Wounds Treated With Oxygen Therapy, Stefan Stryker

*Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects*

Chronic wounds such as diabetic foot ulcers are the leading cause of non-traumatic amputations in developed countries. For researchers to better understand the physiology of these wounds, a mathematical model describing oxygen levels at the wound site can be used to help predict healing responses. The model utilizes equations that are modified from work by Guffey (2015) that consists of four variables – oxygen, bacteria, neutrophils, and chemoattractant within a system of partial differential equations. Our research focuses on numerically solving these partial differential equations using a finite volume approach. This numerical solver will be important for future research in optimization ...

Elimination For Systems Of Algebraic Differential Equations, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Elimination For Systems Of Algebraic Differential Equations, Richard Gustavson

*All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

We develop new upper bounds for several effective differential elimination techniques for systems of algebraic ordinary and partial differential equations. Differential elimination, also known as decoupling, is the process of eliminating a fixed subset of unknown functions from a system of differential equations in order to obtain differential algebraic consequences of the original system that do not depend on that fixed subset of unknowns. A special case of differential elimination, which we study extensively, is the question of consistency, that is, if the given system of differential equations has a solution. We first look solely at the ``algebraic data" of ...

High Performance Computation Of Cardiac Models In Real-Time Using Webgl, 2017 Georgia Institute of Technology

#### High Performance Computation Of Cardiac Models In Real-Time Using Webgl, Abouzar Kaboudian, Flavio H. Fenton

*Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference*

No abstract provided.

An Interdisciplinary Approach To Computational Neurostimulation, 2017 Roger Williams University

#### An Interdisciplinary Approach To Computational Neurostimulation, Madison Guitard

*Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference*

No abstract provided.

A Large Reaction-Diffusion Model For Cell Polarization In Yeast, 2017 The Ohio State University

#### A Large Reaction-Diffusion Model For Cell Polarization In Yeast, Marissa Renardy

*Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference*

No abstract provided.

Efficient Denoising And Sharpening Of Color Images Through Numerical Solution Of Nonlinear Diffusion Equations, 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

#### Efficient Denoising And Sharpening Of Color Images Through Numerical Solution Of Nonlinear Diffusion Equations, Linh T. Duong

*Honors Theses*

The purpose of this project is to enhance color images through denoising and sharpening, two important branches of image processing, by mathematically modeling the images. Modifications are made to two existing nonlinear diffusion image processing models to adapt them to color images. This is done by treating the red, green, and blue (RGB) channels of color images independently, contrary to the conventional idea that the channels should not be treated independently. A new numerical method is needed to solve our models for high resolution images since current methods are impractical. To produce an efficient method, the solution is represented as ...

Hawking Radiation And Classical Tunneling: A Numerical Study, 2017 College of William and Mary

#### Hawking Radiation And Classical Tunneling: A Numerical Study, Dmitriy Zhigunov

*Undergraduate Honors Theses*

Unruh [1] demonstrated that black holes have an analogy in acoustics. Under this analogy the acoustic event horizon is defined by the set of points in which the local background flow exceeds the local sound speed. In past work [2], we demonstrated that under a white noise source, the acoustic event horizon will radiate at a thermal spectrum via a classical tunneling process. In this work, I summarize the theory presented in [2] and nondimensionalize it in order to reduce the dynamical equations to one parameter, the coupling coefficient η2. Since η2 is the sole parameter of the system, we ...

Using Numerical Methods To Explore The Space Of Solutions Of A Nonlinear Partial Differential Equation, 2017 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

#### Using Numerical Methods To Explore The Space Of Solutions Of A Nonlinear Partial Differential Equation, Subekshya Bidari

*Senior Theses and Projects*

No abstract provided.

A Study Of The Reduction Of Excessive Energy Generated By Strong Winds On Power Lines Via A Velocity Damping Controller At The Transmission Tower, 2017 Kent State University - Kent Campus

#### A Study Of The Reduction Of Excessive Energy Generated By Strong Winds On Power Lines Via A Velocity Damping Controller At The Transmission Tower, Donald W. Fincher Jr.

*Undergraduate Research Symposium*

In this research, we are pursuing the robustness of a self-excited vibrational system with negative damping. In practice, this is manifested as conductor galloping of overhead power lines, which is an oscillation of the lines caused by strong winds. Improved transmission tower designs are needed which are capable of combating excessive stresses exerted on the tower by the galloping power lines. Our model of this self-excited system shows that the oscillations can be controlled by adding a boundary velocity feedback controller at the transmission tower. Using a decomposition method, we show there is a closed form analytical solution which predicts ...

A Discontinuous Galerkin Method For Unsteady Two-Dimensional Convective Flows, 2017 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

#### A Discontinuous Galerkin Method For Unsteady Two-Dimensional Convective Flows, Andreas C. Aristotelous, N. C. Papanicolaou

*Andreas Aristotelous*

We develop a High-Order Symmetric Interior Penalty (SIP) Discontinuous Galerkin (DG) Finite Element Method (FEM) to investigate two-dimensional in space natural convective flows in a vertical cavity. The physical problem is modeled by a coupled nonlinear system of partial differential equations and admits various solutions including stable and unstable modes in the form of traveling and/or standing waves, depending on the governing parameters. These flows are characterized by steep boundary and internal layers which evolve with time and can be well-resolved by high-order methods that also are adept to adaptive meshing. The standard no-slip boundary conditions which apply on ...

Series Solutions Of Polarized Gowdy Universes, 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

#### Series Solutions Of Polarized Gowdy Universes, Doniray Brusaferro

*Theses and Dissertations*

Einstein's field equations are a system of ten partial differential equations. For a special class of spacetimes known as Gowdy spacetimes, the number of equations is reduced due to additional structure of two dimensional isometry groups with mutually orthogonal Killing vectors. In this thesis, we focus on a particular model of Gowdy spacetimes known as the polarized T^{3} model, and provide an explicit solution to Einstein's equations.

High Performance Techniques Applied In Partial Differential Equations Library, 2017 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

#### High Performance Techniques Applied In Partial Differential Equations Library, Shilei Lin

*All College Thesis Program*

This thesis will explore various Trilinos packages to determine a method for updating the deal.ii library. The deal.ii library specialize in solving partial differential equations by finite element methods. This thesis will begin with introducing some related concepts and the goals of this project, following the methods of achieving those goals by exploring analytical solution of one-dimensional Boussinesq equations and developing of newer prototypes based on Trilinos packages. After demonstrating the reduction of solving time in prototypes, the same methods have been applied to update the deal.ii library. Finally, an example program from the deal.ii library ...

Hamiltonian Model For Coupled Surface And Internal Waves In The Presence Of Currents, 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

#### Hamiltonian Model For Coupled Surface And Internal Waves In The Presence Of Currents, Rossen Ivanov

*Articles*

We examine a two dimensional fluid system consisting of a lower medium bounded underneath by a flatbed and an upper medium with a free surface. The two media are separated by a free common interface. The gravity driven surface and internal water waves (at the common interface between the media) in the presence of a depth-dependent current are studied under certain physical assumptions. Both media are considered incompressible and with prescribed vorticities. Using the Hamiltonian approach the Hamiltonian of the system is constructed in terms of ’wave’ variables and the equations of motion are calculated. The resultant equations of motion ...

A Wasserstein Gradient Flow Approach To Poisson-Nernst-Planck Equations, 2017 Old Dominion University

#### A Wasserstein Gradient Flow Approach To Poisson-Nernst-Planck Equations, David Kinderlehrer, Leinard Monsaingeon, Xiang Xu

*Mathematics & Statistics Faculty Publications*

The Poisson-Nernst-Planck system of equations used to model ionic transport is interpreted as a gradient flow for the Wasserstein distance and a free energy in the space of probability measures with finite second moment. A variational scheme is then set up and is the starting point of the construction of global weak solutions in a unified framework for the cases of both linear and non-linear diffusion. The proof of the main results relies on the derivation of additional estimates based on the flow interchange technique developed by Matthes et al. in [D. Matthes, R.J. McCann and G. Savare, *Commun ...*

Computational Fluid Dynamics In A Terminal Alveolated Bronchiole Duct With Expanding Walls: Proof-Of-Concept In Openfoam, 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

#### Computational Fluid Dynamics In A Terminal Alveolated Bronchiole Duct With Expanding Walls: Proof-Of-Concept In Openfoam, Jeremy Myers

*Theses and Dissertations*

Mathematical Biology has found recent success applying Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to model airflow in the human lung. Detailed modeling of flow patterns in the alveoli, where the oxygen-carbon dioxide gas exchange occurs, has provided data that is useful in treating illnesses and designing drug-delivery systems. Unfortunately, many CFD software packages have high licensing fees that are out of reach for independent researchers. This thesis uses three open-source software packages, Gmsh, OpenFOAM, and ParaView, to design a mesh, create a simulation, and visualize the results of an idealized terminal alveolar sac model. This model successfully demonstrates that OpenFOAM can be ...