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Accuracy And Stability Of Integration Methods For Neutrino Transport In Core Collapse Supernovae, Kyle A. Gregory 2017 kgrego12

Accuracy And Stability Of Integration Methods For Neutrino Transport In Core Collapse Supernovae, Kyle A. Gregory

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Surface Energy In Bond-Counting Models On Bravais And Non-Bravais Lattices, Tim Ryan Krumwiede 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Surface Energy In Bond-Counting Models On Bravais And Non-Bravais Lattices, Tim Ryan Krumwiede

Doctoral Dissertations

Continuum models in computational material science require the choice of a surface energy function, based on properties of the material of interest. This work shows how to use atomistic bond-counting models and crystal geometry to inform this choice. We will examine some of the difficulties that arise in the comparison between these models due to differing types of truncation. New crystal geometry methods are required when considering materials with non-Bravais lattice structure, resulting in a multi-valued surface energy. These methods will then be presented in the context of the two-dimensional material graphene in a way that correctly predicts its equilibrium ...


Jet-Hadron Correlations Relative To The Event Plane Pb--Pb Collisions At The Lhc In Alice, Joel Anthony Mazer 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Jet-Hadron Correlations Relative To The Event Plane Pb--Pb Collisions At The Lhc In Alice, Joel Anthony Mazer

Doctoral Dissertations

In relativistic heavy ion collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a hot, dense and strongly interacting medium known as the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP) is produced. Quarks and gluons from incoming nuclei collide to produce partons at high momenta early in the collisions. By fragmenting into collimated sprays of hadrons, these partons form 'jets'. Within the framework of perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics (pQCD), jet production is well understood in pp collisions. We can use jets measured in pp interactions as a baseline reference for comparing to heavy ion collision systems to detect and study jet quenching. The jet quenching mechanism ...


Hawking Radiation And Classical Tunneling: A Numerical Study, Dmitriy Zhigunov 2017 College of William and Mary

Hawking Radiation And Classical Tunneling: A Numerical Study, Dmitriy Zhigunov

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Unruh [1] demonstrated that black holes have an analogy in acoustics. Under this analogy the acoustic event horizon is defined by the set of points in which the local background flow exceeds the local sound speed. In past work [2], we demonstrated that under a white noise source, the acoustic event horizon will radiate at a thermal spectrum via a classical tunneling process. In this work, I summarize the theory presented in [2] and nondimensionalize it in order to reduce the dynamical equations to one parameter, the coupling coefficient η2. Since η2 is the sole parameter of the system, we ...


Time Lags Associated With Effects Of Oceanic Conditions On Seabird Breeding In The Salish Sea Region Of The Northern California Current System, Rashida S. Smith, Lynelle M. Weldon, James Hayward, Shandelle M. Henson 2017 Andrews University

Time Lags Associated With Effects Of Oceanic Conditions On Seabird Breeding In The Salish Sea Region Of The Northern California Current System, Rashida S. Smith, Lynelle M. Weldon, James Hayward, Shandelle M. Henson

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Models Of Nation-Building Via Systems Of Differential Equations, Carissa F. Slone, Darryl K. Ahner, Mark E. Oxley, William P. Baker 2017 Cedarville University

Models Of Nation-Building Via Systems Of Differential Equations, Carissa F. Slone, Darryl K. Ahner, Mark E. Oxley, William P. Baker

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Nation-building modeling is an important field of research given the increasing number of candidate nations and the limited resources available. A modeling methodology and a system of differential equations model are presented to investigate the dynamics of nation-building. The methodology is based upon parameter identification techniques applied to a system of differential equations, to evaluate nation-building operations. Data from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Afghanistan are used to demonstrate the validity of different models as well as the comparison of models.


Computational Algorithms For Improved Representation Of The Model Error Covariance In Weak-Constraint 4d-Var, Jeremy A. Shaw 2017 Portland State University

Computational Algorithms For Improved Representation Of The Model Error Covariance In Weak-Constraint 4d-Var, Jeremy A. Shaw

Dissertations and Theses

Four-dimensional variational data assimilation (4D-Var) provides an estimate to the state of a dynamical system through the minimization of a cost functional that measures the distance to a prior state (background) estimate and observations over a time window. The analysis fit to each information input component is determined by the specification of the error covariance matrices in the data assimilation system (DAS). Weak-constraint 4D-Var (w4D-Var) provides a theoretical framework to account for modeling errors in the analysis scheme. In addition to the specification of the background error covariance matrix, the w4D-Var formulation requires information on the model error statistics and ...


Steady State Probabilities In Relation To Eigenvalues, Pellegrino Christopher 2017 Liberty University

Steady State Probabilities In Relation To Eigenvalues, Pellegrino Christopher

The Kabod

By using the methods of Hamdy Taha, eigenvectors can be used in solving problems to compute steady state probabilities, and they work every time.


Numerical Simulation Of Acoustic Emission During Crack Growth In 3-Point Bending Test, Mihhail Berezovski, Arkadi Berezovski 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Numerical Simulation Of Acoustic Emission During Crack Growth In 3-Point Bending Test, Mihhail Berezovski, Arkadi Berezovski

Publications

Numerical simulation of acoustic emission by crack propagation in 3-point bending tests is performed to investigate how the interaction of elastic waves generates a detectable signal. It is shown that the use of a kinetic relation for the crack tip velocity combined with a simple crack growth criterion provides the formation of waveforms similar to those observed in experiments.


Fitting A Linear Regression Model And Forecasting In R In The Presence Of Heteroskedascity With Particular Reference To Advanced Regression Technique Dataset On Kaggle.Com., Samuel Mbah Nde 2017 Governors State University

Fitting A Linear Regression Model And Forecasting In R In The Presence Of Heteroskedascity With Particular Reference To Advanced Regression Technique Dataset On Kaggle.Com., Samuel Mbah Nde

All Student Theses

Since ancient times, men have built and sold houses. But just how much is a house worth? The challenge is to be able to use information about a house such as its location, and the area on which it is built to predict its price. Such predicted prices can be of great importance to any participant in the real estate business be it an agent, a buyer, seller or a bank to make intelligent decisions and the profit that come with such decisions. Since every company’s success depends on its ability to accurately predict financial outcomes, its profitability will ...


C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

C.V. - Wojciech Budzianowski, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wroclaw University of Technology

Renewable Energy And Sustainable Development (Resd) Group, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


An Introduction To The Lebegue Integral, Ikhlas Adi 2017 Governors State University

An Introduction To The Lebegue Integral, Ikhlas Adi

All Student Theses

The Riemann integral is the simplest integral to define, and it allows one to integrate every continuous function. It is really important to have a definition of the integral that allows a wider class of functions to be integrated. However, there are many other types of integrals, the most important of which is the Lebesgue integral. The Lebesgue integral allows one to integrate unbounded or discontinuous functions whose Riemann integral does not exist, and it has mathematical properties that the Riemann integral does not. The definition of the Lebesgue integral requires the use of measure theory since picking out a ...


Radiation Reaction: Or How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love E&M, Alexander R. Kaufman 2017 University of Puget Sound

Radiation Reaction: Or How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love E&M, Alexander R. Kaufman

Summer Research

Here we present some approaches to understanding the Abraham-Lotentz-Dirac equation and their features. And a behavior found in numerical solutions to the 1-dimensional ALD in a co-moving reference frame for a single charged particle in a Coulombic field.


Quantifying The Effect Of The Shift In Major League Baseball, Christopher John Hawke Jr. 2017 Bard College

Quantifying The Effect Of The Shift In Major League Baseball, Christopher John Hawke Jr.

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Baseball is a very strategic and abstract game, but the baseball world is strangely obsessed with statistics. Modern mainstream statisticians often study offensive data, such as batting average or on-base percentage, in order to evaluate player performance. However, this project observes the game from the opposite perspective: the defensive side of the game. In hopes of analyzing the game from a more concrete perspective, countless mathemeticians - most famously, Bill James - have developed numerous statistical models based on real life data of Major League Baseball (MLB) players. Large numbers of metrics go into these models, but what this project attempts to ...


Direct Sampling Methods For Inverse Scattering Problems, Ala Mahmood Nahar Al Zaalig 2017 Michigan Technological University

Direct Sampling Methods For Inverse Scattering Problems, Ala Mahmood Nahar Al Zaalig

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Recently, direct sampling methods became popular for solving inverse scattering problems to estimate the shape of the scattering object. They provide a simple tool to directly reconstruct the shape of the unknown scatterer. These methods are based on choosing an appropriate indicator function f on Rd, d=2 or 3, such that f(z) decides whether z lies inside or outside the scatterer. Consequently, we can determine the location and the shape of the unknown scatterer.

In this thesis, we first present some sampling methods for shape reconstruction in inverse scattering problems. These methods, which are described in Chapter ...


Modeling And Simulation Of The Peristaltic Flow Of Newtonian And Non-Newtonian Fluids With Application To The Human Body, Samer Alokaily 2017 Michigan Technological University

Modeling And Simulation Of The Peristaltic Flow Of Newtonian And Non-Newtonian Fluids With Application To The Human Body, Samer Alokaily

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Computational models are developed to investigate peristaltic motion in the human gastro-intestinal tract. The peristaltic motion is simulated by means of traveling waves which deform the boundary of the tubes. An axisymmetric tube of uniform diameter is used to model the small intestines, and an axisymmetric conical geometry is developed to model the lower part of the human stomach. The conical geometry represents a simplification of the more complicated three-dimensional models of the human stomach that have been used in other studies. Also, they seeks to reduce computational costs and circumvent difficulties of mesh generation. The computations are performed within ...


Numerical Simulation Of Viscoelastic Multiphase Flows Using An Improved Two-Phase Flow Solver, Olabanji Shonibare 2017 Michigan Technological University

Numerical Simulation Of Viscoelastic Multiphase Flows Using An Improved Two-Phase Flow Solver, Olabanji Shonibare

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The production of uniformly-sized droplets has numerous applications in various fields including the biotechnology and chemical industries. For example, in the separation of mixtures based on their relative absorbency, an optimal arrangement of monodispersed droplets in columns is desired for an effective separation. However, very few numerical studies on the formation of viscoelastic droplets via cross-flow shear are available, none of which have considered the case when the flow of the continuous phase is Couette. In this work, a new solver capable of automatic mesh refinement is developed for the OpenFOAM CFD toolbox to solve viscoelastic two-phase flow problems. The ...


Non-Equispaced Fast Fourier Transforms In Turbulence Simulation, Aditya M. Kulkarni 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Non-Equispaced Fast Fourier Transforms In Turbulence Simulation, Aditya M. Kulkarni

Masters Theses

Fourier pseudo-spectral method on equispaced grid is one of the approaches in turbulence simulation, to compute derivative of discrete data, using fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and gives low dispersion and dissipation errors. In many turbulent flows the dynamically important scales of motion are concentrated in certain regions which requires a coarser grid for higher accuracy. A coarser grid in other regions minimizes the memory requirement. This requires the use of Non-equispaced Fast Fourier Transform (NFFT) to compute the Fourier transform, by solving a system of linear equations.

To achieve similar accuracy, the NFFT needs to return more Fourier coefficients than ...


A Physics-Based Approach To Modeling Wildland Fire Spread Through Porous Fuel Beds, Tingting Tang 2017 University of Kentucky

A Physics-Based Approach To Modeling Wildland Fire Spread Through Porous Fuel Beds, Tingting Tang

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Wildfires are becoming increasingly erratic nowadays at least in part because of climate change. CFD (computational fluid dynamics)-based models with the potential of simulating extreme behaviors are gaining increasing attention as a means to predict such behavior in order to aid firefighting efforts. This dissertation describes a wildfire model based on the current understanding of wildfire physics. The model includes physics of turbulence, inhomogeneous porous fuel beds, heat release, ignition, and firebrands. A discrete dynamical system for flow in porous media is derived and incorporated into the subgrid-scale model for synthetic-velocity large-eddy simulation (LES), and a general porosity-permeability model ...


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