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Multiscale Modelling Of Brain Networks And The Analysis Of Dynamic Processes In Neurodegenerative Disorders, Hina Shaheen 2024 Wilfrid Laurier University

Multiscale Modelling Of Brain Networks And The Analysis Of Dynamic Processes In Neurodegenerative Disorders, Hina Shaheen

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

The complex nature of the human brain, with its intricate organic structure and multiscale spatio-temporal characteristics ranging from synapses to the entire brain, presents a major obstacle in brain modelling. Capturing this complexity poses a significant challenge for researchers. The complex interplay of coupled multiphysics and biochemical activities within this intricate system shapes the brain's capacity, functioning within a structure-function relationship that necessitates a specific mathematical framework. Advanced mathematical modelling approaches that incorporate the coupling of brain networks and the analysis of dynamic processes are essential for advancing therapeutic strategies aimed at treating neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs), which afflict millions of …


Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia 2023 Brigham Young University

Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia

Journal of Nonprofit Innovation

Urban farming can enhance the lives of communities and help reduce food scarcity. This paper presents a conceptual prototype of an efficient urban farming community that can be scaled for a single apartment building or an entire community across all global geoeconomics regions, including densely populated cities and rural, developing towns and communities. When deployed in coordination with smart crop choices, local farm support, and efficient transportation then the result isn’t just sustainability, but also increasing fresh produce accessibility, optimizing nutritional value, eliminating the use of ‘forever chemicals’, reducing transportation costs, and fostering global environmental benefits.

Imagine Doris, who is …


Series Expansions Of Lambert W And Related Functions, Jacob Imre 2023 Western University

Series Expansions Of Lambert W And Related Functions, Jacob Imre

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In the realm of multivalued functions, certain specimens run the risk of being elementary or complex

to a fault. The Lambert $W$ function serves as a middle ground in a way, being non-representable by elementary

functions yet admitting several properties which have allowed for copious research. $W$ utilizes the

inverse of the elementary function $xe^x$, resulting in a multivalued function with non-elementary

connections between its branches. $W_k(z)$, the solution to the equation $z=W_k(z)e^{W_k(z)}$

for a "branch number" $k \in \Z$, has both asymptotic and Taylor series for its various branches.

In recent years, significant effort has been dedicated to exploring …


Asymptotic Behavior Of Random Defective Parking Functions, John T. Mann, Zecheng You, Mei Yin 2023 University of Denver

Asymptotic Behavior Of Random Defective Parking Functions, John T. Mann, Zecheng You, Mei Yin

DU Undergraduate Research Journal Archive

Suppose that m drivers each choose a preferred parking space in a linear car park with n spots. In order, each driver goes to their desired spot and parks there if possible. If the spot is already occupied then the car parks in the first available spot after that; if no such spot is available then the car leaves the street without parking. When m > n, there will always be defects–cars that are not able to park. Building upon the work in Cameron et al. "Counting defective parking functions," we introduce a multi-shuffle construction to defective parking functions and …


The Commutant Of The Fourier–Plancherel Transform, Brianna Cantrall 2023 University of Richmond

The Commutant Of The Fourier–Plancherel Transform, Brianna Cantrall

Honors Theses

One can see that this matrix is unitary and has eigenvalues {1,−i,−1, I}, each of infinite multiplicity. Throughout the remainder of this thesis, we will convince the reader that the above linear transformation is actually the Fourier transform. We will compute the commutant, as well as its invariant subspaces. The key to do this relies on the Hermite polynomials. Why do we recast the Fourier transform from its well-known and well studied integral form to the matrix form shown above? As we will see, the matrix form allows us to efficiently discover the operator theory of the Fourier transform obfuscated …


(R1992) Rbf-Ps Method For Eventual Periodicity Of Generalized Kawahara Equation, Hameed Ullah Jan, Marjan Uddin, Arif Ullah, Naseeb Ullah 2022 University of Science and Technology Bannu

(R1992) Rbf-Ps Method For Eventual Periodicity Of Generalized Kawahara Equation, Hameed Ullah Jan, Marjan Uddin, Arif Ullah, Naseeb Ullah

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

In engineering and mathematical physics, nonlinear evolutionary equations play an important role. Kawahara equation is one of the famous nonlinear evolution equation appeared in the theories of shallow water waves possessing surface tension, capillary-gravity waves and also magneto-acoustic waves in a plasma. Another specific subjective parts of arrangements for some of evolution equations evidenced by findings link belonging to their long-term actions named as eventual time periodicity discovered over solutions to IBVPs (initial-boundary-value problems). Here we investigate the solution’s eventual periodicity for generalized fifth order Kawahara equation (IBVP) on bounded domain in combination with periodic boundary conditions numerically exploiting mesh-free …


(R1885) Analytical And Numerical Solutions Of A Fractional-Order Mathematical Model Of Tumor Growth For Variable Killing Rate, N. Singha, C. Nahak 2022 Pandit Deendayal Energy University

(R1885) Analytical And Numerical Solutions Of A Fractional-Order Mathematical Model Of Tumor Growth For Variable Killing Rate, N. Singha, C. Nahak

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

This work intends to analyze the dynamics of the most aggressive form of brain tumor, glioblastomas, by following a fractional calculus approach. In describing memory preserving models, the non-local fractional derivatives not only deliver enhanced results but also acknowledge new avenues to be further explored. We suggest a mathematical model of fractional-order Burgess equation for new research perspectives of gliomas, which shall be interesting for biomedical and mathematical researchers. We replace the classical derivative with a non-integer derivative and attempt to retrieve the classical solution as a particular case. The prime motive is to acquire both analytical and numerical solutions …


Vertex-Magic Graphs, Karissa Massud 2022 Bridgewater State University

Vertex-Magic Graphs, Karissa Massud

Honors Program Theses and Projects

In this paper, we will study magic labelings. Magic labelings were first introduced by Sedláček in 1963 [3]. At this time, the labels on the graph were only assigned to the edges. In 1970, Kotzig and Rosa defined what are now known as edge-magic total labelings, where both the vertices and the edges of the graph are labeled. Following this in 1999, MacDougall, Miller, Slamin, and Wallis introduced the idea of vertex-magic total labelings. There are many different types of magic labelings. In this paper will focus on vertex-magictotal labelings.


The Foundations Of Mathematics: Axiomatic Systems And Incredible Infinities, Catherine Ferris 2022 Bridgewater State University

The Foundations Of Mathematics: Axiomatic Systems And Incredible Infinities, Catherine Ferris

Honors Program Theses and Projects

Often, people who study mathematics learn theorems to prove results in and about the vast array of branches of mathematics (Algebra, Analysis, Topology, Geometry, Combinatorics, etc.). This helps them move forward in their understanding; but few ever question the basis for these theorems or whether those foundations are sucient or even secure. Theorems come from our foundations of mathematics, Axioms, Logic and Set Theory. In the early20th century, mathematicians set out to formalize the methods, operations and techniques people were assuming. In other words, they were formulating axioms. The most common axiomatic system is known as the Zermelo-Fraenkel axioms with …


Vertex-Magic Total Labeling On G-Sun Graphs, Melissa Mejia 2022 Bridgewater State University

Vertex-Magic Total Labeling On G-Sun Graphs, Melissa Mejia

Honors Program Theses and Projects

Graph labeling is an immense area of research in mathematics, specifically graph theory. There are many types of graph labelings such as harmonious, magic, and lucky labelings. This paper will focus on magic labelings. Graph theorists are particularly interested in magic labelings because of a simple problem regarding tree graphs introduced in the 1990’s. The problem is still unsolved after almost thirty years. Researchers have studied magic labelings on other graphs in addition to tree graphs. In this paper we will consider vertex-magic labelings on G-sun graphs. We will give vertex-magic total labelings for ladder sun graphs and complete bipartite …


(R1454) On Reducing The Linearization Coefficients Of Some Classes Of Jacobi Polynomials, Waleed Abd-Elhameed, Afnan Ali 2021 Cairo University

(R1454) On Reducing The Linearization Coefficients Of Some Classes Of Jacobi Polynomials, Waleed Abd-Elhameed, Afnan Ali

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

This article is concerned with establishing some new linearization formulas of the modified Jacobi polynomials of certain parameters. We prove that the linearization coefficients involve hypergeometric functions of the type 4F3(1). Moreover, we show that the linearization coefficients can be reduced in several cases by either utilizing certain standard formulas, and in particular Pfaff-Saalschütz identity and Watson’s theorem, or via employing the symbolic algebraic algorithms of Zeilberger, Petkovsek, and van Hoeij. New formulas for some definite integrals are obtained with the aid of the developed linearization formulas.


Building Model Prototypes From Time-Course Data, David Murrugarra, Alan Veliz-CUba 2021 University of Kentucky

Building Model Prototypes From Time-Course Data, David Murrugarra, Alan Veliz-Cuba

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Fast Multipole Methods For Wave And Charge Source Interactions In Layered Media And Deep Neural Network Algorithms For High-Dimensional Pdes, Wenzhong Zhang 2021 Southern Methodist University

Fast Multipole Methods For Wave And Charge Source Interactions In Layered Media And Deep Neural Network Algorithms For High-Dimensional Pdes, Wenzhong Zhang

Mathematics Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, we develop fast algorithms for large scale numerical computations, including the fast multipole method (FMM) in layered media, and the forward-backward stochastic differential equation (FBSDE) based deep neural network (DNN) algorithms for high-dimensional parabolic partial differential equations (PDEs), addressing the issues of real-world challenging computational problems in various computation scenarios.

We develop the FMM in layered media, by first studying analytical and numerical properties of the Green's functions in layered media for the 2-D and 3-D Helmholtz equation, the linearized Poisson--Boltzmann equation, the Laplace's equation, and the tensor Green's functions for the time-harmonic Maxwell's equations and the …


Report: Spatial Facilitation-Inhibition Effects On Vegetation Distribution And Their Associated Patterns, Daniel D'Alessio 2021 Utah State University

Report: Spatial Facilitation-Inhibition Effects On Vegetation Distribution And Their Associated Patterns, Daniel D'Alessio

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports, Spring 1920 to Spring 2023

Changes in the spatial distribution of vegetation respond to variations in the production and transportation mechanisms of seeds at different locations subject to heterogeneities, often because of soil characteristics. In semi-arid environments, the competition for water and nutrients pushes the superficial plant’s roots to obtain scarce resources at long ranges. In this report, we assume that vegetation biomass interacts with itself in two different ways, facilitation and inhibition, depending on the relative distances. We present a 1-dimensional Integro-difference model to represent and study the emergence of patterns in the distribution of vegetation.


On A Stochastic Model Of Epidemics, Rachel Prather 2021 The University of Southern Mississippi

On A Stochastic Model Of Epidemics, Rachel Prather

Master's Theses

This thesis examines a stochastic model of epidemics initially proposed and studied by Norman T.J. Bailey [1]. We discuss some issues with Bailey's stochastic model and argue that it may not be a viable theoretical platform for a more general epidemic model. A possible alternative approach to the solution of Bailey's stochastic model and stochastic modeling is proposed as well. Regrettably, any further study on those proposals will have to be discussed elsewhere due to a time constraint.


Geometric Quantizations Related To The Laplace Eigenspectra Of Compact Riemannian Symmetric Spaces Via Borel-Weil-Bott Theory, Camilo Montoya 2021 Florida International University

Geometric Quantizations Related To The Laplace Eigenspectra Of Compact Riemannian Symmetric Spaces Via Borel-Weil-Bott Theory, Camilo Montoya

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this thesis is to suggest a geometric relation between the Laplace-Beltrami spectra and eigenfunctions on compact Riemannian symmetric spaces and the Borel-Weil theory using ideas from symplectic geometry and geometric quantization. This is done by associating to each compact Riemannian symmetric space, via Marsden-Weinstein reduction, a generalized flag manifold which covers the space parametrizing all of its maximal totally geodesic tori. In the process we notice a direct relation between the Satake diagram of the symmetric space and the painted Dynkin diagram of its associated flag manifold. We consider in detail the examples of the classical simply-connected …


Axisymmetric Thermoelastic Response In A Semi-Elliptic Plate With Kassir’S Nonhomogeneity In The Thickness Direction, Sonal Bhoyar, Vinod Varghese, Lalsingh Khalsa 2021 M.G. College, Armori

Axisymmetric Thermoelastic Response In A Semi-Elliptic Plate With Kassir’S Nonhomogeneity In The Thickness Direction, Sonal Bhoyar, Vinod Varghese, Lalsingh Khalsa

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

The main objective is to investigate the transient thermoelastic reaction in a nonhomogeneous semi-elliptical elastic plate heated sectionally on the upper side of the semi-elliptic region. It has been assumed that the thermal conductivity, calorific capacity, elastic modulus and thermal coefficient of expansion were varying through thickness of the nonhomogeneous material according to Kassir’s nonhomogeneity relationship. The transient heat conduction differential equation is solved using an integral transformation technique in terms of Mathieu functions. In these formulations, modified total strain energy is obtained by incorporating the resulting moment and force within the energy term, thus reducing the step of the …


Bessel-Maitland Function Of Several Variables And Its Properties Related To Integral Transforms And Fractional Calculus, Ankita Chandola, Rupakshi M. Pandey, Ritu Agarwal 2021 Amity University

Bessel-Maitland Function Of Several Variables And Its Properties Related To Integral Transforms And Fractional Calculus, Ankita Chandola, Rupakshi M. Pandey, Ritu Agarwal

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

In the recent years, various generalizations of Bessel function were introduced and its various properties were investigated by many authors. Bessel-Maitland function is one of the generalizations of Bessel function. The objective of this paper is to establish a new generalization of Bessel-Maitland function using the extension of beta function involving Appell series and Lauricella functions. Some of its properties including recurrence relation, integral representation and differentiation formula are investigated. Moreover, some properties of Riemann-Liouville fractional operator associated with the new generalization of Bessel-Maitland function are also discussed.


Approximate 2-Dimensional Pexider Quadratic Functional Equations In Fuzzy Normed Spaces And Topological Vector Space, Mohammad A. Abolfathi, Ali Ebadian 2021 Urmia University

Approximate 2-Dimensional Pexider Quadratic Functional Equations In Fuzzy Normed Spaces And Topological Vector Space, Mohammad A. Abolfathi, Ali Ebadian

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

In this paper, we prove the Hyers-Ulam stability of the 2-dimensional Pexider quadratic functional equation in fuzzy normed spaces. Moreover, we prove the Hyers-Ulam stability of this functional equation, where f, g are functions defined on an abelian group with values in a topological vector space.


Parametric Art, Shaun Pollard, Daanial Ahmad, Satyanand Singh 2020 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Parametric Art, Shaun Pollard, Daanial Ahmad, Satyanand Singh

Publications and Research

Lissajous curves, named after Jules Antoine Lissajous (1822-1880) are generated by the parametric equations ��=��������(����) and ��=��������(����) in its simplistic form. Others have studied these curves and their applications like Nathaniel Bowditch in 1815, and they are often referred to as Bowditch curves as well. Lissajous curves are found in engineering, mathematics, graphic design, physics, and many other backgrounds. In this project entitled “Parametric Art” this project will focus on analyzing these types of equations and manipulating them to create art. We will be investigating these curves by answering a series of questions that elucidate their purpose. Using Maple, which …


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