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Thin films

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew Aug 2019

Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

In the original paper, a calibration error exists in the image-formation model used to analyze experimental images taken by our microscope, causing a bias in the orientation measurements in Figs. 2 and 3. The updated measurements are shown in Fig. E1. We have also updated the supplementary material for the original article to discuss the revised PSF model and estimation algorithms (supplementary material 2) and show the revised model and measurements (Figs. S1, S3, S7, S8, and S10–S13).


Optical Transmission Measurements Of Explosive Boiling And Liftoff Of A Layer Of Micron-Scale Water Droplets From A Krf Laser-Heated Si Substrate, Sergey I. Kudryashov, Susan D. Allen Jun 2019

Optical Transmission Measurements Of Explosive Boiling And Liftoff Of A Layer Of Micron-Scale Water Droplets From A Krf Laser-Heated Si Substrate, Sergey I. Kudryashov, Susan D. Allen

Susan D. Allen

Water plume velocities were measured in air by optical transmission as a function of laser fluence using a KrF laser for explosive boiling and liftoff of a layer of micron-scale waterdroplets from a laser-heated Si substrate of interest for laser particle removal. The thickness of the superheated water layer near the water/Si interface determines acceleration and removal of the waterdroplets from the Si substrate.

© 2003 American Institute of Physics


Voltage Controlled Magnetism In Cr2o3 Based All-Thin-Film Systems, Junlei Wang, Will Echtenkamp, Ather Mahmood, Christian Binek May 2019

Voltage Controlled Magnetism In Cr2o3 Based All-Thin-Film Systems, Junlei Wang, Will Echtenkamp, Ather Mahmood, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Voltage-control of exchange biases through active selection of distinct domain states of the magnetoelectric and antiferromagnetic pinning layer is demonstrated for Cr2O3/CoPd heterostructures. Progress and obstacles towards an isothermal switching of exchange bias are discussed. An alternative approach avoiding exchange bias for voltage-controlled memory exploits boundary magnetization at the surface of Cr2O3 as voltage-controlled state variable. We demonstrate readout and switching of boundary magnetization in ultra-thin Cr2O3/Pt Hall bar devices where reversal of boundary magnetization is achieved via magnetoelectric annealing with simultaneously applied ±0.5 V and 400 mT electric and magnetic fields.


Space-Charge Limited Conduction In Epitaxial Chromia Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide-Based Metallic Substrates, C.-P. Kwan, Mike Street, Ather Mahmood, Will Echtenkamp, M. Randle, K. He, J. Nathawat, N. Arabchigavkani, B. Barut, S. Yin, R. Dixit, Uttam Singisetti, Christian Binek, J. P. Bird May 2019

Space-Charge Limited Conduction In Epitaxial Chromia Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide-Based Metallic Substrates, C.-P. Kwan, Mike Street, Ather Mahmood, Will Echtenkamp, M. Randle, K. He, J. Nathawat, N. Arabchigavkani, B. Barut, S. Yin, R. Dixit, Uttam Singisetti, Christian Binek, J. P. Bird

Christian Binek Publications

We study temperature dependent (200 – 400 K) dielectric current leakage in high-quality, epitaxial chromia films, synthesized on various conductive substrates (Pd, Pt and V2O3). We find that trap-assisted space-charge limited conduction is the dominant source of electrical leakage in the films, and that the density and distribution of charge traps within them is strongly dependent upon the choice of the underlying substrate. Pd-based chromia is found to exhibit leakage consistent with the presence of deep, discrete traps, a characteristic that is related to the known properties of twinning defects in the material. The Pt- and V2O3-based films, in contrast, show ...


Co-Sputtered Tibx Thin Films, Alexander Sredenschek May 2019

Co-Sputtered Tibx Thin Films, Alexander Sredenschek

Honors Projects and Presentations: Undergraduate

Titanium diboride (TiB2) is a ceramic material that has attracted considerable interest due to its distinctive set of properties, such as high melting point and hardness, good thermal and electrical conductivity, as well as excellent corrosion resistance. In some applications, thin coatings of TiB2 may be desired, and one way to obtain such coatings is through the growth of thin films. One common growth technique is magnetron sputtering. However, when films are grown by magnetron-sputtering from a single TiB2 target, differences in preferred ejection angles and gasphase scattering yield B-rich TiBx films with x typically ranging from 2.5 to ...


Imaging The Three-Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri-Spot Point Spread Function, Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew Jun 2018

Imaging The Three-Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri-Spot Point Spread Function, Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

Fluorescence photons emitted by single molecules contain rich information regarding their rotational motions, but adapting single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) to measure their orientations and rotational mobilities with high precision remains a challenge. Inspired by dipole radiation patterns, we design and implement a Tri-spot point spread function (PSF) that simultaneously measures the three-dimensional orientation and the rotational mobility of dipole-like emitters across a large field of view. We show that the orientation measurements done using the Tri-spot PSF are sufficiently accurate to correct the anisotropy-based localization bias, from 30 nm to 7 nm, in SMLM. We further characterize the emission anisotropy ...


Characterization And Analysis Of Ultrathin Cigs Films And Solar Cells Deposited By 3-Stage Process, Grace Rajan, Krishna Aryal, Shankar Karki, Puruswottam Aryal, Robert W. Collins, Sylvain Marsillac May 2018

Characterization And Analysis Of Ultrathin Cigs Films And Solar Cells Deposited By 3-Stage Process, Grace Rajan, Krishna Aryal, Shankar Karki, Puruswottam Aryal, Robert W. Collins, Sylvain Marsillac

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

In view of the large-scale utilization of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) solar cells for photovoltaic application, it is of interest not only to enhance the conversion efficiency but also to reduce the thickness of the CIGS absorber layer in order to reduce the cost and improve the solar cell manufacturing throughput. In situ and real-time spectroscopic ellipsometry (RTSE) has been used conjointly with ex situ characterizations to understand the properties of ultrathin CIGS films. This enables monitoring the growth process, analyzing the optical properties of the CIGS films during deposition, and extracting composition, film thickness, grain size, and ...


Dielectric Properties Of Thin Cr2o3 Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide Metallic Substrates, Ather Mahmood, Mike Street, Will Echtenkamp, Chun Pui Kwan, Jonathan P. Bird, Christian Binek Apr 2018

Dielectric Properties Of Thin Cr2o3 Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide Metallic Substrates, Ather Mahmood, Mike Street, Will Echtenkamp, Chun Pui Kwan, Jonathan P. Bird, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

In an attempt to optimize leakage characteristics of α-Cr2O3 thin films, its dielectric properties were investigated at local and macroscopic scale. The films were grown on Pd(111), Pt(111), and V2O3 (0001), supported on Al2O3 substrate. The local conductivity was measured by conductive atomic force microscopy mapping of Cr2O3 surfaces, which revealed the nature of defects that formed conducting paths with the bottom Pd or Pt layer. A strong correlation was found between these electrical defects and the grain boundaries revealed in the corresponding topographic scans ...


Electronic And Optical Properties Of La-Doped Sr3Ir2O7 Epitaxial Thin Films, Maryam Souri, Jsaminka Terzic, J. M. Johnson, John G. Connell, John H. Gruenewald, J. Thompson, Joseph W. Brill, J. Hwang, Gang Cao, Sung S. Ambrose Seo Feb 2018

Electronic And Optical Properties Of La-Doped Sr3Ir2O7 Epitaxial Thin Films, Maryam Souri, Jsaminka Terzic, J. M. Johnson, John G. Connell, John H. Gruenewald, J. Thompson, Joseph W. Brill, J. Hwang, Gang Cao, Sung S. Ambrose Seo

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We have investigated structural, transport, and optical properties of tensile strained (Sr1−xLax)3Ir2O7 (x = 0, 0.025, 0.05) epitaxial thin films. While high-Tc superconductivity is predicted theoretically in the system, we have observed that all of the samples remain insulating with finite optical gap energies and Mott variable-range hopping characteristics in transport. Cross-sectional scanning transmission electron microscopy indicates that structural defects such as stacking faults appear in this system. The insulating behavior of the La-doped Sr3Ir2O7 thin films is presumably due to disorder-induced localization ...


Heat, Charge And Spin Transport Of Thin Film Nanostructures, Devin John Wesenberg Jan 2018

Heat, Charge And Spin Transport Of Thin Film Nanostructures, Devin John Wesenberg

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Understanding of fundamental physics of transport properties in thin film nanostructures is crucial for application in spintronic, spin caloritronics and thermoelectric applications. Much of the difficulty in the understanding stems from the measurement itself. In this dissertation I present our thermal isolation platform that is primarily used for detection of thermally induced effects in a wide variety of materials. We can accurately and precisely produce in-plane thermal gradients in these membranes, allowing for thin film measurements on 2-D structures. First, we look at thermoelectric enhancements of doped semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube thin films. We use the Wiedemann-Franz law to calculate ...


Magnetic Domain Morphology In [Co(4a)/Pt(7a] Thin Film, Jeremy Metzner Aug 2017

Magnetic Domain Morphology In [Co(4a)/Pt(7a] Thin Film, Jeremy Metzner

Student Publications

A collection of results for multi-layered thin films and their magnetic domains.


Nanostructure Evolution Of Magnetron Sputtered Hydrogenated Silicon Thin Films, Dipendra Adhikari, Maxwell M. Junda, Sylvain X. Marsillac, Robert W. Collins, Nikolas J. Podraza Aug 2017

Nanostructure Evolution Of Magnetron Sputtered Hydrogenated Silicon Thin Films, Dipendra Adhikari, Maxwell M. Junda, Sylvain X. Marsillac, Robert W. Collins, Nikolas J. Podraza

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Hydrogenated silicon (Si:H) thin films have been prepared by radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering. The effect of hydrogen gas concentration during sputtering on the resultant film structural and optical properties has been investigated by real time spectroscopic ellipsometry (RTSE) and grazing incidence x-ray diffraction (GIXRD). The analysis of in-situ RTSE data collected during sputter deposition tracks the evolution of surface roughness and film bulk layer thickness with time. Growth evolution diagrams depicting amorphous, nanocrystalline and mixed-phase regions for low and high deposition rate Si:H are constructed and the effects of process parameter (hydrogen gas concentration, total pressure and ...


Optical Signatures Of Spin-Orbit Exciton In Bandwidth-Controlled Sr2Iro4 Epitaxial Films Via High-Concentration Ca And Ba Doping, Maryam Souri, B. H. Kim, John H. Gruenewald, John G. Connell, J. Thompson, J. Nichols, Jsaminka Terzic, B. I. Min, Gang Cao, Joseph W. Brill, Sung S. Ambrose Seo Jun 2017

Optical Signatures Of Spin-Orbit Exciton In Bandwidth-Controlled Sr2Iro4 Epitaxial Films Via High-Concentration Ca And Ba Doping, Maryam Souri, B. H. Kim, John H. Gruenewald, John G. Connell, J. Thompson, J. Nichols, Jsaminka Terzic, B. I. Min, Gang Cao, Joseph W. Brill, Sung S. Ambrose Seo

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We have investigated the electronic and optical properties of (Sr1−xCax)2IrO4 (x = 0–0.375) and (Sr1−yBay)2IrO4 (y = 0–0.375) epitaxial thin films, in which the bandwidth is systematically tuned via chemical substitutions of Sr ions by Ca and Ba. Transport measurements indicate that the thin-film series exhibits insulating behavior, similar to the Jeff = 1/2 spin-orbit Mott insulator Sr2IrO4. As the average A-site ionic radius increases from (Sr1−xCax)2IrO4 to (Sr1−yBay ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of The 2-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides, Robert Browning Mar 2017

Synthesis And Characterization Of The 2-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides, Robert Browning

Dissertations and Theses

In the last 50 years, the semiconductor industry has been scaling the silicon transistor to achieve faster devices, lower power consumption, and improve device performance. Transistor gate dimensions have become so small that short channel effects and gate leakage have become a significant problem. To address these issues, performance enhancement techniques such as strained silicon are used to improve mobility, while new high-k gate dielectric materials replace silicon oxide to reduce gate leakage. At some point the fundamental limit of silicon will be reached and the semiconductor industry will need to find an alternate solution. The advent of graphene led ...


Uncovering New Thermal And Elastic Properties Of Nanostructured Materials Using Coherent Euv Light, Jorge Nicolás Hernández Charpak Jan 2017

Uncovering New Thermal And Elastic Properties Of Nanostructured Materials Using Coherent Euv Light, Jorge Nicolás Hernández Charpak

Physics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Advances in nanofabrication have pushed the characteristic dimensions of nanosystems well below 100nm, where physical properties are often significantly different from their bulk counterparts, and accurate models are lacking. Critical technologies such as thermoelectrics for energy harvesting, nanoparticle-mediated thermal therapy, nano-enhanced photovoltaics, and efficient thermal management in integrated circuits depend on our increased understanding of the nanoscale. However, traditional microscopic characterization tools face fundamental limits at the nanoscale. Theoretical efforts to build a fundamental picture of nanoscale thermal dynamics lack experimental validation and still struggle to account for newly reported behaviors. Moreover, precise characterization of the elastic behavior of nanostructured ...


Direct Imaging Of Coexisting Ordered And Frustrated Sublattices In Artificial Ferromagnetic Quasicrystals, Barry Farmer, Vinayak Shantaram Bhat, Eric Teipel, J. Unguris, D. J. Keavney, Jeffrey Todd Hastings, Lance E. De Long Apr 2016

Direct Imaging Of Coexisting Ordered And Frustrated Sublattices In Artificial Ferromagnetic Quasicrystals, Barry Farmer, Vinayak Shantaram Bhat, Eric Teipel, J. Unguris, D. J. Keavney, Jeffrey Todd Hastings, Lance E. De Long

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We have used scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis and photoemission electron microscopy to image the two-dimensional magnetization of permalloy films patterned into Penrose P2 tilings (P2T). The interplay of exchange interactions in asymmetrically coordinated vertices and short-range dipole interactions among connected film segments stabilize magnetically ordered, spatially distinct sublattices that coexist with frustrated sublattices at room temperature. Numerical simulations that include long-range dipole interactions between sublattices agree with images of as-grown P2T samples and predict a magnetically ordered ground state for a two-dimensional quasicrystal lattice of classical Ising spins.


Interface‐Coupled Bifeo3/Bimno3 Superlattices With Magnetic Transition Temperature Up To 410 K, Eun-Mi Choi, Josée E. Kliebeuker, Thomas Fix, Jie Xiong, Christy J. Kinane, Dario Arena, Sean Langridge, Aiping Chen, Zhenxing Bi, Joon Hwan Lee, Quanix Jia, Mark G. Blamire, Judith L. Macmanus-Driscoll Mar 2016

Interface‐Coupled Bifeo3/Bimno3 Superlattices With Magnetic Transition Temperature Up To 410 K, Eun-Mi Choi, Josée E. Kliebeuker, Thomas Fix, Jie Xiong, Christy J. Kinane, Dario Arena, Sean Langridge, Aiping Chen, Zhenxing Bi, Joon Hwan Lee, Quanix Jia, Mark G. Blamire, Judith L. Macmanus-Driscoll

Physics Faculty Publications

Enhanced magnetic transition temperatures are demonstrated in 50 nm thick (001)‐oriented (BiFeO3)m/(BiMnO3)m (BFO/BMO) superlattices (SL). Highly strained ultra‐short SLs showed a magnetic transition, TC2, up to ≈410 K as a result of ferrimagnetic interaction between BFO/BMO. All SL showed a new ferromagnetic transtion, TC1, of ≈150 K coming from Fe4+‐Fe4+ interaction explained by electron transfer/leakage from Fe3+ to Mn3+.


Identification Of Photocurrents In Topological Insulators, Derek A. Bas, Rodrigo A. Muniz, Sercan Babakiray, David Lederman, J. E. Sipe, Alan D. Bristow Jan 2016

Identification Of Photocurrents In Topological Insulators, Derek A. Bas, Rodrigo A. Muniz, Sercan Babakiray, David Lederman, J. E. Sipe, Alan D. Bristow

Faculty Scholarship

Optical injection and detection of charge currents is an alternative to conventional transport and photoemission measurements, avoiding the necessity of invasive contact that may disturb the system being examined. This is a particular concern for analyzing the surface states of topological insulators. In this work one- and two-color sources of photocurrents are isolated and examined in epitaxial thin films of Bi2Se3. We demonstrate that optical excitation and terahertz detection simultaneously captures one- and two-color photocurrent contributions, which has not been required for other material systems. A method is devised to extract the two components, and in doing so each can ...


Influence Of Mn Concentration On Magnetic Topological Insulator Mnxbi2−Xte3 Thin-Film Hall-Effect Sensor, Ravi L. Hadimani, S. Gupta, S. M. Harstad, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, David C. Jiles Nov 2015

Influence Of Mn Concentration On Magnetic Topological Insulator Mnxbi2−Xte3 Thin-Film Hall-Effect Sensor, Ravi L. Hadimani, S. Gupta, S. M. Harstad, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

Hall-effect (HE) sensors based on high-quality Mn-doped Bi2Te3 topological insulator (TI) thin films have been systematically studied in this paper. Improvement of Hall sensitivity is found after doping the magnetic element Mn into Bi2Te3. The sensors with low Mn concentrations, MnxBi2-xTe3, x = 0.01 and 0.08 show the linear behavior of Hall resistance with sensitivity about 5 Ω/T. And their Hall sensitivity shows weak dependence on temperature. For sensors with high Mn concentration (x = 0.23), the Hall resistance with respect to magnetic field shows a hysteretic behavior. Moreover, its sensitivity shows almost eight times as high as ...


Crystallization Engineering As A Route To Epitaxial Strain Control, Andrew R. Akbashev, Aleksandr V. Plokhikh, Dmitri Barbash, Samuel Lofland, Jonathan E. Spanier Oct 2015

Crystallization Engineering As A Route To Epitaxial Strain Control, Andrew R. Akbashev, Aleksandr V. Plokhikh, Dmitri Barbash, Samuel Lofland, Jonathan E. Spanier

Faculty Scholarship for the College of Science & Mathematics

The controlled synthesis of epitaxial thin films offers opportunities for tuning their functional properties via enabling or suppressing strain relaxation. Examining differences in the epitaxial crystallization of amorphous oxide films, we report on an alternate, low-temperature route for strain engineering. Thin films of amorphous Bi–Fe–O were grown on (001)SrTiO3 and (001)LaAlO3substrates via atomic layer deposition. In situ X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies of the crystallization of the amorphous films into the epitaxial (001)BiFeO3 phase reveal distinct evolution profiles of crystallinity with temperature. While growth on (001)SrTiO3 results in a coherently strained film ...


Engineering The Ground State Of Complex Oxides, Derek Joseph Meyers Jul 2015

Engineering The Ground State Of Complex Oxides, Derek Joseph Meyers

Theses and Dissertations

Transition metal oxides featuring strong electron-electron interactions have been at the forefront of condensed matter physics research in the past few decades due to the myriad of novel and exciting phases derived from their competing interactions. Beyond their numerous intriguing properties displayed in the bulk they have also shown to be quite susceptible to externally applied perturbation in various forms. The dominant theme of this work is the exploration of three emerging methods for engineering the ground states of these materials to access both their applicability and their deficiencies.

The first of the three methods involves a relatively new set ...


Epitaxial Crn Thin Films With High Thermoelectric Figure Of Merit, Eric L. Thies, Daniel A. Hillsberry, Dmitri A. Tenne May 2015

Epitaxial Crn Thin Films With High Thermoelectric Figure Of Merit, Eric L. Thies, Daniel A. Hillsberry, Dmitri A. Tenne

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

A large enhancement of the thermoelectric figure of merit is reported in single crystalline films of CrN. The strong reduction of the lattice thermal conductivity in the rock-salt phase of this material is shown to be related to intrinsic lattice instabilities, which is similar to the resonant bonding effect proposed for cubic IV-VI compounds. These results demonstrate that useful ideas from classic thermoelectrics and phase change materials can be extended to transition metal nitrides and oxides.


Applications Of High Throughput (Combinatorial) Methodologies To Electronic, Magnetic, Optical, And Energy-Related Materials, Martin L. Green, Ichiro Takeuchi, Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers Mar 2015

Applications Of High Throughput (Combinatorial) Methodologies To Electronic, Magnetic, Optical, And Energy-Related Materials, Martin L. Green, Ichiro Takeuchi, Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

High throughput (combinatorial) materials science methodology is a relatively new research paradigm that offers the promise of rapid and efficient materials screening, optimization, and discovery. The paradigm started in the pharmaceutical industry but was rapidly adopted to accelerate materials research in a wide variety of areas. High throughput experiments are characterized by synthesis of a “library” sample that contains the materials variation of interest (typically composition), and rapid and localized measurement schemes that result in massive data sets. Because the data are collected at the same time on the same “library” sample, they can be highly uniform with respect to ...


An Infrared Imaging Method For High-Throughput Combinatorial Investigation Of Hydrogenation-Dehydrogenation And New Phase Formation Of Thin Films, H. Oguchi, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, I. Takeuchi, E. Heilweil, L. Bendersky Mar 2015

An Infrared Imaging Method For High-Throughput Combinatorial Investigation Of Hydrogenation-Dehydrogenation And New Phase Formation Of Thin Films, H. Oguchi, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, I. Takeuchi, E. Heilweil, L. Bendersky

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

We have developed an infrared imaging setup enabling in situ infrared images to be acquired, and expanded on capabilities of an infrared imaging as a high-throughput screening technique, determination of a critical thickness of a Pd capping layer which significantly blocks infrared emission from below, enhancement of sensitivity to hydrogenation and dehydrogenation by normalizing raw infrared intensity of a Mg thin film to an inert reference, rapid and systematic screening of hydrogenation and dehydrogenation properties of a Mg–Ni composition spread covered by a thickness gradient Pd capping layer, and detection of formation of a Mg2Si phase in a Mg ...


Maximum Screening Fields Of Superconducting Multilayer Structures, Alex Gurevich Jan 2015

Maximum Screening Fields Of Superconducting Multilayer Structures, Alex Gurevich

Physics Faculty Publications

It is shown that a multilayer comprised of alternating thin superconducting and insulating layers on a thick substrate can fully screen the applied magnetic field exceeding the superheating fields Hsof both the superconducting layers and the substrate, the maximum Meissner field is achieved at an optimum multilayer thickness. For instance, a dirty layer of thickness ~0.1μm at the Nb surface could increase Hs similar or equal to 240 mT of a clean Nb up to Hs similar or equal to 290 mT. Optimized multilayers of Nb3Sn, NbN, some of the iron pnictides, or ...


Fabrication Of Robust Superconducting Granular Aluminium/Palladium Bilayer Microbolometers With Sub-Nanosecond Response, Thomas E. Wilson Feb 2014

Fabrication Of Robust Superconducting Granular Aluminium/Palladium Bilayer Microbolometers With Sub-Nanosecond Response, Thomas E. Wilson

Thomas E. Wilson

We provide a convenient recipe for fabricating reliable superconducting microbolometers as acoustic phonon detectors with sub-nanosecond response, using imagereversal optical lithography and dc-magnetron sputtering, and our recipe requires no chemical or plasma etching. Our approach solves the traditional problem for granular aluminium bolometers of unreliable (i.e., non-Ohmic) electrical contacts by sequentially sputtering the granular aluminium film and then a palladium capping layer. We use dc calibration data, the method of Danilchenko et al. [1], and direct nanosecond-pulsed photoexcitation to obtain the microbolometer’s characteristic current, thermal conductance, characteristic relaxation time, and heat capacity. We also demonstrate the use of ...


Physical Analysis Of Vo2 Films Grown By Atomic Layer Deposition And Rf Magnetron Sputtering, Madhavi Tangirala, Kai Zhang, David Nminibapiel, Venkateswara Pallem, Christian Dussarrat, Wei Cao, Thomas N. Adam, Corbet S. Johnson, Hani E. Elsayed-Ali, Helmut Baumgart Jan 2014

Physical Analysis Of Vo2 Films Grown By Atomic Layer Deposition And Rf Magnetron Sputtering, Madhavi Tangirala, Kai Zhang, David Nminibapiel, Venkateswara Pallem, Christian Dussarrat, Wei Cao, Thomas N. Adam, Corbet S. Johnson, Hani E. Elsayed-Ali, Helmut Baumgart

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Among the many vanadium suboxides and different stoichiometries, VO2 has received considerable attention due to its remarkable metal-insulator transition (MIT) behavior, which causes a significant reversible change in its electrical and optical properties occurring across the phase transition at 67°C. The initially amorphous VO2 thin films were fabricated by the emerging, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) technique with (tetrakis[ethylmethylamino]vanadium) {V(NEtMe)4} as precursor and H2O vapor as oxidation agent. For benchmarking we have also used the RF Magnetron Sputtering technique to deposit metallic vanadium thin films, which were later oxidized during furnace annealing ...


Polarization Of Bi2te3 Thin Film In A Floating-Gate Capacitor Structure, Hui Yuan, Kai Zhang, Haitao Li, Hao Zhu, John E. Bonevich, Helmut Baumgart, Curt A. Richter, Qiliang Li Jan 2014

Polarization Of Bi2te3 Thin Film In A Floating-Gate Capacitor Structure, Hui Yuan, Kai Zhang, Haitao Li, Hao Zhu, John E. Bonevich, Helmut Baumgart, Curt A. Richter, Qiliang Li

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (MOS) capacitors with Bi2Te3 thin film sandwiched and embedded inside the oxide layer have been fabricated and studied. The capacitors exhibit ferroelectric-like hysteresis which is a result of the robust, reversible polarization of the Bi2Te3 thin film while the gate voltage sweeps. The temperature-dependent capacitance measurement indicates that the activation energy is about 0.33 eV for separating the electron and hole pairs in the bulk of Bi2Te3, and driving them to either the top or bottom surface of the thin film. Because of the fast polarization speed, potentially excellent ...


Growth And Characterization Of Pt-Protected Gd5si4 Thin Films, Ravi L. Hadimani, Yaroslav Mudryk, Timothy E. Prost, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., David C. Jiles Jan 2014

Growth And Characterization Of Pt-Protected Gd5si4 Thin Films, Ravi L. Hadimani, Yaroslav Mudryk, Timothy E. Prost, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., David C. Jiles

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Successful growth and characterization of thin films of giant magnetocaloric Gd5(SixGe1−x)4were reported in the literature with limited success. The inherent difficulty in producing this complex material makes it difficult to characterize all the phases present in the thin films of this material. Therefore, thin film of binary compound of Gd5Si4 was deposited by pulsed laser deposition. It was then covered with platinum on the top of the film to protect against any oxidation when the film was exposed to ambient conditions. The average film thickness wasmeasured to be approximately 350 nm using a scanning electron microscopy, and ...


Nanoscale Thermoelectrics: A Study Of The Absolute Seebeck Coefficient Of Thin Films, Sarah J. Mason Jan 2014

Nanoscale Thermoelectrics: A Study Of The Absolute Seebeck Coefficient Of Thin Films, Sarah J. Mason

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The worlds demand for energy is ever increasing. Likewise, the environmental impact of climate change due generating that energy through combustion of fossil fuels is increasingly alarming. Due to these factors new sources of renewable energies are constantly being sought out. Thermoelectric devices have the ability to generate clean, renewable, energy out of waste heat. However promising that is, their inefficiency severely inhibits applicability and practical use. The usefulness of a thermoelectric material increases with the dimensionless quantity, ZT, where, Z = S2σ/κ, and S, σ, and κ are the Seebeck coefficient and electrical and thermal conductivities respectively ...