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Thin films

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Full-Text Articles in Physics

High-Temperature Optical Properties Of Indium Tin Oxide Thin-Films, Jiwoong Kim, Sujan Shrestha, Maryam Souri, John G. Connell, Sungkyun Park, Ambrose Seo Jul 2020

High-Temperature Optical Properties Of Indium Tin Oxide Thin-Films, Jiwoong Kim, Sujan Shrestha, Maryam Souri, John G. Connell, Sungkyun Park, Ambrose Seo

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Indium tin oxide (ITO) is one of the most widely used transparent conductors in optoelectronic device applications. We investigated the optical properties of ITO thin films at high temperatures up to 800 °C using spectroscopic ellipsometry. As temperature increases, amorphous ITO thin films undergo a phase transition at ~ 200 °C and develop polycrystalline phases with increased optical gap energies. The optical gap energies of both polycrystalline and epitaxial ITO thin films decrease with increasing temperature due to electron-phonon interactions. Depending on the background oxygen partial pressure, however, we observed that the optical gap energies exhibit reversible changes, implying that the ...


Fabrication Of Magnetocaloric La(Fe,Si)13 Thick Films, N H. Dung, N B. Doan, P De Rango, L Ranno, Karl G. Sandeman, N M. Dempsey Jun 2020

Fabrication Of Magnetocaloric La(Fe,Si)13 Thick Films, N H. Dung, N B. Doan, P De Rango, L Ranno, Karl G. Sandeman, N M. Dempsey

Publications and Research

La(Fe,Si)13–based compounds are considered to be very promising magnetocaloric materials for magnetic refrigeration applications. Many studies have focused on this material family but only in bulk form. In this paper we report on the fabrication of thick films of La(Fe,Si)13, both with and without post-hydriding. These films exhibit magnetic and structural properties comparable to bulk materials. We also observe that the ferromagnetic phase transition has a negative thermal hysteresis, a phenomenon not previously found in this material but which may have its origins in the availability of a strain energy reservoir, as in ...


Fabrication Of Nanoscale Columnar Diodes By Glancing Angle Deposition, Jacob D. Weightman May 2020

Fabrication Of Nanoscale Columnar Diodes By Glancing Angle Deposition, Jacob D. Weightman

Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy

Glancing angle deposition (GLAD) is a process in which thin films are deposited onto a substrate with obliquely incident vapor together with precisely controlled azimuthal substrate rotation. Ballistic shadowing effects due to the oblique incidence produce nanoscale structures, and a variety of feature shapes, including tilted columns, helices, and vertical columns can be achieved by varying the azimuthal rotation during the deposition process. Due to this control of morphology and the compatibility of the process with a wide variety of materials, GLAD films have found applications in a variety of fields including sensing, photonics, photovoltaics, and catalysis, where they are ...


Investigation Of Mnxni1-Xo Thin Films Using Pulsed Laser Deposition, Md Ashif Anwar Jan 2020

Investigation Of Mnxni1-Xo Thin Films Using Pulsed Laser Deposition, Md Ashif Anwar

MSU Graduate Theses

The exchange bias (EB) effect, especially in nanomaterials, is highly promising for use in antiferromagnet-based spintronics applications. NiO is a well known antiferromagnetic material with a high Néel temperature (525K) and can exhibit ferromagnetism/ ferrimagnetism by adding other magnetic transition elements. Our previous work has shown that the antiferromagnetic characteristics of conventional NiO insulating nanostructured material can be altered to have substantial ferrimagnetic characteristics by doping NiO with Mn or Co. Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) was used to grow heterostructures comprised of a nanostructured thin NiO film deposited on the surface of a MgO (100) and Al2O3 ...


Heterostructure Of 2d Materials: Hfs2/Hfo2/Si, Christopher J. Robledo Jan 2020

Heterostructure Of 2d Materials: Hfs2/Hfo2/Si, Christopher J. Robledo

MSU Graduate Theses

Heterostructures have been utilized in electronic devices for over 50 years with the proposal for the first heterostructure transistor in 1957. With the scaling of devices, it is necessary to create new heterostructures that will comply with Moore’s Law, as well as make devices faster and consume less power. Novel 2D materials, such as hafnium disulfide, have shown promise as an active channel layer, while hafnium dioxide is already proven to be a replacement of silicon dioxide for the gate insulating layer. However, fabrication techniques for wide-scale integration of these heterostructures have not yet been achieved. Also, the dielectric ...


Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew Aug 2019

Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

In the original paper, a calibration error exists in the image-formation model used to analyze experimental images taken by our microscope, causing a bias in the orientation measurements in Figs. 2 and 3. The updated measurements are shown in Fig. E1. We have also updated the supplementary material for the original article to discuss the revised PSF model and estimation algorithms (supplementary material 2) and show the revised model and measurements (Figs. S1, S3, S7, S8, and S10–S13).


Optical Transmission Measurements Of Explosive Boiling And Liftoff Of A Layer Of Micron-Scale Water Droplets From A Krf Laser-Heated Si Substrate, Sergey I. Kudryashov, Susan D. Allen Jun 2019

Optical Transmission Measurements Of Explosive Boiling And Liftoff Of A Layer Of Micron-Scale Water Droplets From A Krf Laser-Heated Si Substrate, Sergey I. Kudryashov, Susan D. Allen

Susan D. Allen

Water plume velocities were measured in air by optical transmission as a function of laser fluence using a KrF laser for explosive boiling and liftoff of a layer of micron-scale waterdroplets from a laser-heated Si substrate of interest for laser particle removal. The thickness of the superheated water layer near the water/Si interface determines acceleration and removal of the waterdroplets from the Si substrate.

© 2003 American Institute of Physics


Voltage Controlled Magnetism In Cr2o3 Based All-Thin-Film Systems, Junlei Wang, Will Echtenkamp, Ather Mahmood, Christian Binek May 2019

Voltage Controlled Magnetism In Cr2o3 Based All-Thin-Film Systems, Junlei Wang, Will Echtenkamp, Ather Mahmood, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Voltage-control of exchange biases through active selection of distinct domain states of the magnetoelectric and antiferromagnetic pinning layer is demonstrated for Cr2O3/CoPd heterostructures. Progress and obstacles towards an isothermal switching of exchange bias are discussed. An alternative approach avoiding exchange bias for voltage-controlled memory exploits boundary magnetization at the surface of Cr2O3 as voltage-controlled state variable. We demonstrate readout and switching of boundary magnetization in ultra-thin Cr2O3/Pt Hall bar devices where reversal of boundary magnetization is achieved via magnetoelectric annealing with simultaneously applied ±0.5 V and 400 mT electric and magnetic fields.


Space-Charge Limited Conduction In Epitaxial Chromia Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide-Based Metallic Substrates, C.-P. Kwan, Mike Street, Ather Mahmood, Will Echtenkamp, M. Randle, K. He, J. Nathawat, N. Arabchigavkani, B. Barut, S. Yin, R. Dixit, Uttam Singisetti, Christian Binek, J. P. Bird May 2019

Space-Charge Limited Conduction In Epitaxial Chromia Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide-Based Metallic Substrates, C.-P. Kwan, Mike Street, Ather Mahmood, Will Echtenkamp, M. Randle, K. He, J. Nathawat, N. Arabchigavkani, B. Barut, S. Yin, R. Dixit, Uttam Singisetti, Christian Binek, J. P. Bird

Christian Binek Publications

We study temperature dependent (200 – 400 K) dielectric current leakage in high-quality, epitaxial chromia films, synthesized on various conductive substrates (Pd, Pt and V2O3). We find that trap-assisted space-charge limited conduction is the dominant source of electrical leakage in the films, and that the density and distribution of charge traps within them is strongly dependent upon the choice of the underlying substrate. Pd-based chromia is found to exhibit leakage consistent with the presence of deep, discrete traps, a characteristic that is related to the known properties of twinning defects in the material. The Pt- and V2O3-based films, in contrast, show ...


Studying The Interface Between Croconic Acid Thin Films And Substrates Using A Slow Positron Beam, Dean Peterson, Jiandang Liu, Jonas Etzweiler, Gabriel Sontoyo, Sara J. Callori, Kimberley R. Cousins, Timothy Usher, Renwu Zhang Jan 2019

Studying The Interface Between Croconic Acid Thin Films And Substrates Using A Slow Positron Beam, Dean Peterson, Jiandang Liu, Jonas Etzweiler, Gabriel Sontoyo, Sara J. Callori, Kimberley R. Cousins, Timothy Usher, Renwu Zhang

Physics Faculty Publications

Croconic acid (CA) is the first organic ferroelectric with a spontaneous polarity in bulk samples comparable to its inorganic counterparts. As a natural extension of study, ultrathin CA films (∼nm scale) were investigated to reveal ferroelectric effects in films on different substrates for their fundamental and industrial significance. However, the void defect at the interface between the film and substrate is presumed to interfere with surface effects. In this work, a non-invasive technique, a slow positron beam, coupled with Doppler broadening energy spectroscopy (DBES), is applied to study the void defects within the interfacial layer between CA films and Si ...


Imaging The Three-Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri-Spot Point Spread Function, Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew Jun 2018

Imaging The Three-Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri-Spot Point Spread Function, Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

Fluorescence photons emitted by single molecules contain rich information regarding their rotational motions, but adapting single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) to measure their orientations and rotational mobilities with high precision remains a challenge. Inspired by dipole radiation patterns, we design and implement a Tri-spot point spread function (PSF) that simultaneously measures the three-dimensional orientation and the rotational mobility of dipole-like emitters across a large field of view. We show that the orientation measurements done using the Tri-spot PSF are sufficiently accurate to correct the anisotropy-based localization bias, from 30 nm to 7 nm, in SMLM. We further characterize the emission anisotropy ...


Characterization And Analysis Of Ultrathin Cigs Films And Solar Cells Deposited By 3-Stage Process, Grace Rajan, Krishna Aryal, Shankar Karki, Puruswottam Aryal, Robert W. Collins, Sylvain Marsillac May 2018

Characterization And Analysis Of Ultrathin Cigs Films And Solar Cells Deposited By 3-Stage Process, Grace Rajan, Krishna Aryal, Shankar Karki, Puruswottam Aryal, Robert W. Collins, Sylvain Marsillac

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

In view of the large-scale utilization of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) solar cells for photovoltaic application, it is of interest not only to enhance the conversion efficiency but also to reduce the thickness of the CIGS absorber layer in order to reduce the cost and improve the solar cell manufacturing throughput. In situ and real-time spectroscopic ellipsometry (RTSE) has been used conjointly with ex situ characterizations to understand the properties of ultrathin CIGS films. This enables monitoring the growth process, analyzing the optical properties of the CIGS films during deposition, and extracting composition, film thickness, grain size, and ...


Dielectric Properties Of Thin Cr2o3 Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide Metallic Substrates, Ather Mahmood, Mike Street, Will Echtenkamp, Chun Pui Kwan, Jonathan P. Bird, Christian Binek Apr 2018

Dielectric Properties Of Thin Cr2o3 Films Grown On Elemental And Oxide Metallic Substrates, Ather Mahmood, Mike Street, Will Echtenkamp, Chun Pui Kwan, Jonathan P. Bird, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

In an attempt to optimize leakage characteristics of α-Cr2O3 thin films, its dielectric properties were investigated at local and macroscopic scale. The films were grown on Pd(111), Pt(111), and V2O3 (0001), supported on Al2O3 substrate. The local conductivity was measured by conductive atomic force microscopy mapping of Cr2O3 surfaces, which revealed the nature of defects that formed conducting paths with the bottom Pd or Pt layer. A strong correlation was found between these electrical defects and the grain boundaries revealed in the corresponding topographic scans ...


Electronic And Optical Properties Of La-Doped Sr3Ir2O7 Epitaxial Thin Films, Maryam Souri, Jsaminka Terzic, J. M. Johnson, John G. Connell, John H. Gruenewald, J. Thompson, Joseph W. Brill, J. Hwang, Gang Cao, Sung S. Ambrose Seo Feb 2018

Electronic And Optical Properties Of La-Doped Sr3Ir2O7 Epitaxial Thin Films, Maryam Souri, Jsaminka Terzic, J. M. Johnson, John G. Connell, John H. Gruenewald, J. Thompson, Joseph W. Brill, J. Hwang, Gang Cao, Sung S. Ambrose Seo

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We have investigated structural, transport, and optical properties of tensile strained (Sr1−xLax)3Ir2O7 (x = 0, 0.025, 0.05) epitaxial thin films. While high-Tc superconductivity is predicted theoretically in the system, we have observed that all of the samples remain insulating with finite optical gap energies and Mott variable-range hopping characteristics in transport. Cross-sectional scanning transmission electron microscopy indicates that structural defects such as stacking faults appear in this system. The insulating behavior of the La-doped Sr3Ir2O7 thin films is presumably due to disorder-induced localization ...


Heat, Charge And Spin Transport Of Thin Film Nanostructures, Devin John Wesenberg Jan 2018

Heat, Charge And Spin Transport Of Thin Film Nanostructures, Devin John Wesenberg

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Understanding of fundamental physics of transport properties in thin film nanostructures is crucial for application in spintronic, spin caloritronics and thermoelectric applications. Much of the difficulty in the understanding stems from the measurement itself. In this dissertation I present our thermal isolation platform that is primarily used for detection of thermally induced effects in a wide variety of materials. We can accurately and precisely produce in-plane thermal gradients in these membranes, allowing for thin film measurements on 2-D structures. First, we look at thermoelectric enhancements of doped semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube thin films. We use the Wiedemann-Franz law to calculate ...


Numerical Simulation For A Rising Bubble Interacting With A Solid Wall: Impact, Bounce, And Thin Film Dynamics, Changjuan Zhang, Jie Li, Li-Shi Luo, Tiezheng Qian Jan 2018

Numerical Simulation For A Rising Bubble Interacting With A Solid Wall: Impact, Bounce, And Thin Film Dynamics, Changjuan Zhang, Jie Li, Li-Shi Luo, Tiezheng Qian

Mathematics & Statistics Faculty Publications

Using an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian method on an adaptive moving unstructured mesh, we carry out numerical simulations for a rising bubble interacting with a solid wall. Driven by the buoyancy force, the axisymmetric bubble rises in a viscous liquid toward a horizontal wall, with impact on and possible bounce from the wall. First, our simulation is quantitatively validated through a detailed comparison between numerical results and experimental data. We then investigate the bubble dynamics which exhibits four different behaviors depending on the competition among the inertial, viscous, gravitational, and capillary forces. A phase diagram for bubble dynamics has been produced using ...


Magnetic Domain Morphology In [Co(4a)/Pt(7a] Thin Film, Jeremy Metzner Aug 2017

Magnetic Domain Morphology In [Co(4a)/Pt(7a] Thin Film, Jeremy Metzner

Student Works

A collection of results for multi-layered thin films and their magnetic domains.


Nanostructure Evolution Of Magnetron Sputtered Hydrogenated Silicon Thin Films, Dipendra Adhikari, Maxwell M. Junda, Sylvain X. Marsillac, Robert W. Collins, Nikolas J. Podraza Aug 2017

Nanostructure Evolution Of Magnetron Sputtered Hydrogenated Silicon Thin Films, Dipendra Adhikari, Maxwell M. Junda, Sylvain X. Marsillac, Robert W. Collins, Nikolas J. Podraza

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Hydrogenated silicon (Si:H) thin films have been prepared by radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering. The effect of hydrogen gas concentration during sputtering on the resultant film structural and optical properties has been investigated by real time spectroscopic ellipsometry (RTSE) and grazing incidence x-ray diffraction (GIXRD). The analysis of in-situ RTSE data collected during sputter deposition tracks the evolution of surface roughness and film bulk layer thickness with time. Growth evolution diagrams depicting amorphous, nanocrystalline and mixed-phase regions for low and high deposition rate Si:H are constructed and the effects of process parameter (hydrogen gas concentration, total pressure and ...


Optical Signatures Of Spin-Orbit Exciton In Bandwidth-Controlled Sr2Iro4 Epitaxial Films Via High-Concentration Ca And Ba Doping, Maryam Souri, B. H. Kim, John H. Gruenewald, John G. Connell, J. Thompson, J. Nichols, Jsaminka Terzic, B. I. Min, Gang Cao, Joseph W. Brill, Sung S. Ambrose Seo Jun 2017

Optical Signatures Of Spin-Orbit Exciton In Bandwidth-Controlled Sr2Iro4 Epitaxial Films Via High-Concentration Ca And Ba Doping, Maryam Souri, B. H. Kim, John H. Gruenewald, John G. Connell, J. Thompson, J. Nichols, Jsaminka Terzic, B. I. Min, Gang Cao, Joseph W. Brill, Sung S. Ambrose Seo

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We have investigated the electronic and optical properties of (Sr1−xCax)2IrO4 (x = 0–0.375) and (Sr1−yBay)2IrO4 (y = 0–0.375) epitaxial thin films, in which the bandwidth is systematically tuned via chemical substitutions of Sr ions by Ca and Ba. Transport measurements indicate that the thin-film series exhibits insulating behavior, similar to the Jeff = 1/2 spin-orbit Mott insulator Sr2IrO4. As the average A-site ionic radius increases from (Sr1−xCax)2IrO4 to (Sr1−yBay ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of The 2-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides, Robert Browning Mar 2017

Synthesis And Characterization Of The 2-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides, Robert Browning

Dissertations and Theses

In the last 50 years, the semiconductor industry has been scaling the silicon transistor to achieve faster devices, lower power consumption, and improve device performance. Transistor gate dimensions have become so small that short channel effects and gate leakage have become a significant problem. To address these issues, performance enhancement techniques such as strained silicon are used to improve mobility, while new high-k gate dielectric materials replace silicon oxide to reduce gate leakage. At some point the fundamental limit of silicon will be reached and the semiconductor industry will need to find an alternate solution. The advent of graphene led ...


Direct Imaging Of Coexisting Ordered And Frustrated Sublattices In Artificial Ferromagnetic Quasicrystals, Barry Farmer, Vinayak Shantaram Bhat, Eric Teipel, J. Unguris, D. J. Keavney, Jeffrey Todd Hastings, Lance E. De Long Apr 2016

Direct Imaging Of Coexisting Ordered And Frustrated Sublattices In Artificial Ferromagnetic Quasicrystals, Barry Farmer, Vinayak Shantaram Bhat, Eric Teipel, J. Unguris, D. J. Keavney, Jeffrey Todd Hastings, Lance E. De Long

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We have used scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis and photoemission electron microscopy to image the two-dimensional magnetization of permalloy films patterned into Penrose P2 tilings (P2T). The interplay of exchange interactions in asymmetrically coordinated vertices and short-range dipole interactions among connected film segments stabilize magnetically ordered, spatially distinct sublattices that coexist with frustrated sublattices at room temperature. Numerical simulations that include long-range dipole interactions between sublattices agree with images of as-grown P2T samples and predict a magnetically ordered ground state for a two-dimensional quasicrystal lattice of classical Ising spins.


Interface‐Coupled Bifeo3/Bimno3 Superlattices With Magnetic Transition Temperature Up To 410 K, Eun-Mi Choi, Josée E. Kliebeuker, Thomas Fix, Jie Xiong, Christy J. Kinane, Dario Arena, Sean Langridge, Aiping Chen, Zhenxing Bi, Joon Hwan Lee, Quanix Jia, Mark G. Blamire, Judith L. Macmanus-Driscoll Mar 2016

Interface‐Coupled Bifeo3/Bimno3 Superlattices With Magnetic Transition Temperature Up To 410 K, Eun-Mi Choi, Josée E. Kliebeuker, Thomas Fix, Jie Xiong, Christy J. Kinane, Dario Arena, Sean Langridge, Aiping Chen, Zhenxing Bi, Joon Hwan Lee, Quanix Jia, Mark G. Blamire, Judith L. Macmanus-Driscoll

Physics Faculty Publications

Enhanced magnetic transition temperatures are demonstrated in 50 nm thick (001)‐oriented (BiFeO3)m/(BiMnO3)m (BFO/BMO) superlattices (SL). Highly strained ultra‐short SLs showed a magnetic transition, TC2, up to ≈410 K as a result of ferrimagnetic interaction between BFO/BMO. All SL showed a new ferromagnetic transtion, TC1, of ≈150 K coming from Fe4+‐Fe4+ interaction explained by electron transfer/leakage from Fe3+ to Mn3+.


Identification Of Photocurrents In Topological Insulators, Derek A. Bas, Rodrigo A. Muniz, Sercan Babakiray, David Lederman, J. E. Sipe, Alan D. Bristow Jan 2016

Identification Of Photocurrents In Topological Insulators, Derek A. Bas, Rodrigo A. Muniz, Sercan Babakiray, David Lederman, J. E. Sipe, Alan D. Bristow

Faculty & Staff Scholarship

Optical injection and detection of charge currents is an alternative to conventional transport and photoemission measurements, avoiding the necessity of invasive contact that may disturb the system being examined. This is a particular concern for analyzing the surface states of topological insulators. In this work one- and two-color sources of photocurrents are isolated and examined in epitaxial thin films of Bi2Se3. We demonstrate that optical excitation and terahertz detection simultaneously captures one- and two-color photocurrent contributions, which has not been required for other material systems. A method is devised to extract the two components, and in doing so each can ...


Influence Of Mn Concentration On Magnetic Topological Insulator Mnxbi2−Xte3 Thin-Film Hall-Effect Sensor, Ravi L. Hadimani, S. Gupta, S. M. Harstad, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, David C. Jiles Nov 2015

Influence Of Mn Concentration On Magnetic Topological Insulator Mnxbi2−Xte3 Thin-Film Hall-Effect Sensor, Ravi L. Hadimani, S. Gupta, S. M. Harstad, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, David C. Jiles

Ames Laboratory Publications

Hall-effect (HE) sensors based on high-quality Mn-doped Bi2Te3 topological insulator (TI) thin films have been systematically studied in this paper. Improvement of Hall sensitivity is found after doping the magnetic element Mn into Bi2Te3. The sensors with low Mn concentrations, MnxBi2-xTe3, x = 0.01 and 0.08 show the linear behavior of Hall resistance with sensitivity about 5 Ω/T. And their Hall sensitivity shows weak dependence on temperature. For sensors with high Mn concentration (x = 0.23), the Hall resistance with respect to magnetic field shows a hysteretic behavior. Moreover, its sensitivity shows almost eight times as high as ...


Crystallization Engineering As A Route To Epitaxial Strain Control, Andrew R. Akbashev, Aleksandr V. Plokhikh, Dmitri Barbash, Samuel Lofland, Jonathan E. Spanier Oct 2015

Crystallization Engineering As A Route To Epitaxial Strain Control, Andrew R. Akbashev, Aleksandr V. Plokhikh, Dmitri Barbash, Samuel Lofland, Jonathan E. Spanier

Faculty Scholarship for the College of Science & Mathematics

The controlled synthesis of epitaxial thin films offers opportunities for tuning their functional properties via enabling or suppressing strain relaxation. Examining differences in the epitaxial crystallization of amorphous oxide films, we report on an alternate, low-temperature route for strain engineering. Thin films of amorphous Bi–Fe–O were grown on (001)SrTiO3 and (001)LaAlO3substrates via atomic layer deposition. In situ X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies of the crystallization of the amorphous films into the epitaxial (001)BiFeO3 phase reveal distinct evolution profiles of crystallinity with temperature. While growth on (001)SrTiO3 results in a coherently strained film ...


Improved Terahertz Modulation Using Germanium Telluride (Gete) Chalcogenide Thin Films, Alexander H. Gwin, Christopher H. Kodama, Tod V. Laurvick, Ronald Coutu Jr., Philip F. Taday Jul 2015

Improved Terahertz Modulation Using Germanium Telluride (Gete) Chalcogenide Thin Films, Alexander H. Gwin, Christopher H. Kodama, Tod V. Laurvick, Ronald Coutu Jr., Philip F. Taday

Faculty Publications

We demonstrate improved terahertz (THz) modulation using thermally crystallized germanium telluride (GeTe) thin films. GeTe is a chalcogenide material that exhibits a nonvolatile, amorphous to crystalline phase change at approximately 200 °C, as well as six orders of magnitude decreased electrical resistivity. In this study, amorphous GeTe thin films were sputtered on sapphire substrates and then tested using THz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). The test samples, heated in-situ while collecting THz-TDS measurements, exhibited a gradual absorbance increase, an abrupt nonvolatile reduction at the transition temperature, followed by another gradual increase in absorbance. The transition temperature was verified by conducting similar thermal ...


Engineering The Ground State Of Complex Oxides, Derek Joseph Meyers Jul 2015

Engineering The Ground State Of Complex Oxides, Derek Joseph Meyers

Theses and Dissertations

Transition metal oxides featuring strong electron-electron interactions have been at the forefront of condensed matter physics research in the past few decades due to the myriad of novel and exciting phases derived from their competing interactions. Beyond their numerous intriguing properties displayed in the bulk they have also shown to be quite susceptible to externally applied perturbation in various forms. The dominant theme of this work is the exploration of three emerging methods for engineering the ground states of these materials to access both their applicability and their deficiencies.

The first of the three methods involves a relatively new set ...


Epitaxial Crn Thin Films With High Thermoelectric Figure Of Merit, Eric L. Thies, Daniel A. Hillsberry, Dmitri A. Tenne May 2015

Epitaxial Crn Thin Films With High Thermoelectric Figure Of Merit, Eric L. Thies, Daniel A. Hillsberry, Dmitri A. Tenne

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

A large enhancement of the thermoelectric figure of merit is reported in single crystalline films of CrN. The strong reduction of the lattice thermal conductivity in the rock-salt phase of this material is shown to be related to intrinsic lattice instabilities, which is similar to the resonant bonding effect proposed for cubic IV-VI compounds. These results demonstrate that useful ideas from classic thermoelectrics and phase change materials can be extended to transition metal nitrides and oxides.


Applications Of High Throughput (Combinatorial) Methodologies To Electronic, Magnetic, Optical, And Energy-Related Materials, Martin L. Green, Ichiro Takeuchi, Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers Mar 2015

Applications Of High Throughput (Combinatorial) Methodologies To Electronic, Magnetic, Optical, And Energy-Related Materials, Martin L. Green, Ichiro Takeuchi, Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

High throughput (combinatorial) materials science methodology is a relatively new research paradigm that offers the promise of rapid and efficient materials screening, optimization, and discovery. The paradigm started in the pharmaceutical industry but was rapidly adopted to accelerate materials research in a wide variety of areas. High throughput experiments are characterized by synthesis of a “library” sample that contains the materials variation of interest (typically composition), and rapid and localized measurement schemes that result in massive data sets. Because the data are collected at the same time on the same “library” sample, they can be highly uniform with respect to ...


An Infrared Imaging Method For High-Throughput Combinatorial Investigation Of Hydrogenation-Dehydrogenation And New Phase Formation Of Thin Films, H. Oguchi, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, I. Takeuchi, E. Heilweil, L. Bendersky Mar 2015

An Infrared Imaging Method For High-Throughput Combinatorial Investigation Of Hydrogenation-Dehydrogenation And New Phase Formation Of Thin Films, H. Oguchi, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, I. Takeuchi, E. Heilweil, L. Bendersky

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

We have developed an infrared imaging setup enabling in situ infrared images to be acquired, and expanded on capabilities of an infrared imaging as a high-throughput screening technique, determination of a critical thickness of a Pd capping layer which significantly blocks infrared emission from below, enhancement of sensitivity to hydrogenation and dehydrogenation by normalizing raw infrared intensity of a Mg thin film to an inert reference, rapid and systematic screening of hydrogenation and dehydrogenation properties of a Mg–Ni composition spread covered by a thickness gradient Pd capping layer, and detection of formation of a Mg2Si phase in a Mg ...