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Experiences And Enlightenment Of International Cooperation On Climate Change For Bri Partners, Jianping ZHANG, Xu ZHANG 2023 China Institute for WTO Studies, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing 100029, China Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation, Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China, Beijing 100710, China

Experiences And Enlightenment Of International Cooperation On Climate Change For Bri Partners, Jianping Zhang, Xu Zhang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The Belt and Road region has different resource endowments and diverse climates. Low-carbon and sustainable economic development is the objective need for the high-quality Green Silk Road, and it is also the key to the global actions and practices on climate change. China and BRI partners have carried out in-depth cooperation on low-carbon infrastructure, cleaner energy, climate disaster warning and forecasting, climate finance, low-carbon technology, and other key development fields in a win-win solution. Further, by drawing on the valuable experiences of developed countries in international cooperation on climate, the others have explored a new path for future international cooperation …


Climate Change Adaptation And Mitigation Strategies For Building A Green Silk Road, Tandong YAO, Jianping HUANG, Baiqing XU, Yanfen WANG, Xi CHEN, Junguo LIU, Qingyun DUAN, Guangjian WU, Weicai WANG 2023 Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

Climate Change Adaptation And Mitigation Strategies For Building A Green Silk Road, Tandong Yao, Jianping Huang, Baiqing Xu, Yanfen Wang, Xi Chen, Junguo Liu, Qingyun Duan, Guangjian Wu, Weicai Wang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Areas along the Belt and Road face not only natural process-related challenges such as frequent extreme weather events caused by abnormal climate warming, uneven distribution of water resources, but also management-related challenges such as extensive resource management, insufficient protection of ecology and biodiversity, and underutilization of carbon sink potential. To address these challenges and ensure a sustainable future, it is necessary to strengthen scientific and technological cooperation in response to climate change along the Silk Road, and to enhance the quality of the Green Silk Road construction. Key areas of scientific and technological cooperation should focus on water-ecological collaborative management …


Climate Technology Demand Assessment For Participating Countries In Belt And Road Initiative And Policy Recommendations For Promoting South-South Technology Cooperation, Minpeng CHEN, Qiang LIU, Meixun GAO, Fei TENG 2023 School of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China

Climate Technology Demand Assessment For Participating Countries In Belt And Road Initiative And Policy Recommendations For Promoting South-South Technology Cooperation, Minpeng Chen, Qiang Liu, Meixun Gao, Fei Teng

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Belt and Road countries and regions have increasingly recognized the urgent need for climate mitigation and adaptation in order to achieve the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Transferring and disseminating climate technologies are effective ways in which developing countries in the region can enhance their capacity to address the challenges of climate change. This study assesses the characteristics of climate change technology needed in Belt and Road countries and regions, based on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change's Technology Needs Assessment (TNA) report as well as the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) system. It identifies and …


Main Climate Change Characteristics And Disaster Risks Oriented Towards Carbon Neutrality Over The Belt And Road Regions, Jingyong ZHANG, Jing HE, Lixia ZHANG, Zhencai DU, Renqiang LI, Ming XU 2023 Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China College of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Main Climate Change Characteristics And Disaster Risks Oriented Towards Carbon Neutrality Over The Belt And Road Regions, Jingyong Zhang, Jing He, Lixia Zhang, Zhencai Du, Renqiang Li, Ming Xu

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Climate change has been widely recognized as one of most severe risks that the world faces. The recent 50 years are the warmest period in the last 2 000 years with respect to surface temperature averaged over the Belt and Road regions, which is mainly attributed to continuously increasing and accumulating of carbon emissions from human activities. Since the 1980s, over the Belt and Road regions mean climate change is characterized as surface warming at a faster rate, increased precipitation and evaporation, and accelerated sea level rise among others, and extreme weather and climate events such as hot extremes, rainstorms …


Research On Low-Carbon Transition Pathways And Suggestions For Climate Cooperation Of Bri Countries, Kaiwe ZHU, Xianchun TAN, Baihe GU, Jianping ZHANG, Lingsi KONG 2023 Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Research On Low-Carbon Transition Pathways And Suggestions For Climate Cooperation Of Bri Countries, Kaiwe Zhu, Xianchun Tan, Baihe Gu, Jianping Zhang, Lingsi Kong

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Climate cooperation among Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) countries holds significant practical importance for achieving low-carbon transition and sustainable development within the BRI framework. To analyze the pathway towards low-carbon transition under different representative concentration pathway (RCP) scenarios and emission quota allocation methods, the CGEM-BRI model was developed. The study also examined the potential requirements for climate finance, capacity building, and management system. Based on these findings, recommendations for climate cooperation between China and BRI countries were formulated. The study revealed that in order to limit global temperature rise for 1.5℃ in 2100, renewable energy sources should account for a …


Microplastics Distribution Within Western Arctic Seawater And Sea Ice, Alessandra D’Angelo, Nicole Trenholm, Brice Loose, Laura Glastra, Jacob Strock, Jongsun Kim 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Microplastics Distribution Within Western Arctic Seawater And Sea Ice, Alessandra D’Angelo, Nicole Trenholm, Brice Loose, Laura Glastra, Jacob Strock, Jongsun Kim

School of Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Microplastic pollution has emerged as a global environmental concern, exhibiting wide distribution within marine ecosystems, including the Arctic Ocean. Limited Arctic microplastic data exist from beached plastics, seabed sediments, floating plastics, and sea ice. However, no studies have examined microplastics in the sea ice of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and Tallurutiup Imanga National Marine Conservation Area, and few have explored Arctic marginal seas’ water column. The majority of the microplastic data originates from the Eurasian Arctic, with limited data available from other regions of the Arctic Ocean. This study presents data from two distinct campaigns in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago …


Approaches To Assessing Nutrient Coupling In Open Ocean Datasets, James M. Moore, Claire P. Till 2023 Humboldt State University

Approaches To Assessing Nutrient Coupling In Open Ocean Datasets, James M. Moore, Claire P. Till

IdeaFest: Interdisciplinary Journal of Creative Works and Research from Cal Poly Humboldt

Nutrient coupling describes a process where the biogeochemical cycles of two elements are linked by being incorporated similarly into biomass. This paper uses data from the GEOTRACES GP16 cruise (Eastern Pacific Zonal Transect) to investigate the relationship between certain macronutrients generally coupled to trace elements in terms of their oceanic distributions with the notable exception of in an oxygen minimum zone: cadmium-phosphate and zinc-silicate. There are many methods applied to oceanographic data to correlate analyte concentrations; while they are often presented independently in literature, here we attempt to use them in conjunction for a more thorough interpretation. By compiling 1) …


Managing Fires And Ecosystems Indigenous Fire Ecologies Session_Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Wildland Fires Workshop, Cynthia Twyford Fowler 2023 Wofford College

Managing Fires And Ecosystems Indigenous Fire Ecologies Session_Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Wildland Fires Workshop, Cynthia Twyford Fowler

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


A Preliminary Characterization And Assessment Of Mesophotic Octocoral Microbiomes In The Western Gulf Of Mexico, Edward P. Gniffke 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

A Preliminary Characterization And Assessment Of Mesophotic Octocoral Microbiomes In The Western Gulf Of Mexico, Edward P. Gniffke

Theses and Dissertations

Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems are highly diverse and productive ecosystems in the western Gulf of Mexico which are composed of, in part, by octocorals (subclass Octocorallia). Despite their importance as foundational organisms octocorals are an understudied group in this region, with little known about their microbial community. Ninety-eight Octocoral samples collected from the western and northwestern Gulf of Mexico were sequenced using 16S rRNA sequencing to characterize their microbial communities. The sequenced microbiomes were generally low in diversity composed of a few core microbial taxa. Octocoral group was the main driver of microbiome composition as opposed to depth, season, region, and …


Climate Stories: South Carolina, Volume 1, Kaelyn Emon, Emily Arnold, Samantha Carter, Hayden Jones, Sarah Owens, Noel A. Tufts, Tiana White, Laura Barbas Rhoden, Christine S. Dinkins 2023 Wofford College

Climate Stories: South Carolina, Volume 1, Kaelyn Emon, Emily Arnold, Samantha Carter, Hayden Jones, Sarah Owens, Noel A. Tufts, Tiana White, Laura Barbas Rhoden, Christine S. Dinkins

Community Based Research

In this volume, you will hear from South Carolina residents about how they have been sensing climate change throughout their lifetimes. All stories have been anonymized with the use of pseudonyms, except where participants asked for their story to be associated with their name.


Uncertainties In Retrieval Of Remote Sensing Reflectance From Ocean Color Satellite Observations, Eder I. Herrera Estrella 2023 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Uncertainties In Retrieval Of Remote Sensing Reflectance From Ocean Color Satellite Observations, Eder I. Herrera Estrella

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Ocean Color radiometry uses remote sensing to interpret ocean dynamics by retrieving remote sensing reflectance (𝑅𝑟𝑠) from satellite imagery at different scales and over different time periods. 𝑅𝑟𝑠 spectrum characterizes the ocean color that we observe, and from which we can discern concentrations of chlorophyll, organic and inorganic particles, and carbon fluxes in the ocean and atmosphere. 𝑅𝑟𝑠 is derived from the total radiance at the top of the atmosphere (TOA). However, it only represents up to ten percent of the total signal. Hence, the retrieval of 𝑅𝑟𝑠 from the total radiance at TOA involves the application of atmospheric correction …


The Irrigation Efficiency Trap: Rational Farm-Scale Decisions Can Lead To Poor Hydrologic Outcomes At The Basin Scale, Christina N. Morrisett, Robert W. Van Kirk, London O. Bernier, Andrea L. Holt, Chloe B. Perel, Sarah E. Null 2023 Utah State University

The Irrigation Efficiency Trap: Rational Farm-Scale Decisions Can Lead To Poor Hydrologic Outcomes At The Basin Scale, Christina N. Morrisett, Robert W. Van Kirk, London O. Bernier, Andrea L. Holt, Chloe B. Perel, Sarah E. Null

Watershed Sciences Faculty Publications

Agricultural irrigation practices have changed through time as technology has enabled more efficient conveyance and application. In some agricultural regions, irrigation can contribute to incidental aquifer recharge important for groundwater return flows to streams. The Henrys Fork Snake River, Idaho (United States) overlies a portion of the Eastern Snake Plain Aquifer, where irrigated agriculture has occurred for over a century. Using irrigator interviews, aerial and satellite imagery, and statistical streamflow analysis, we document the impact of farm-scale decisions on basin-scale hydrology. Motivated to improve economic efficiency, irrigators began converting from surface to center-pivot sprinkler irrigation in the 1950s, with rapid …


The Patchwork Governance Of Ecologically Available Water: A Case Study In The Upper Missouri Headwaters, Montana, United States, Amanda E. Cravens, Julia B. Goolsby, Theresa Jedd, Deborah J. Bathke, Shelley Crausbay, Ashley E. Cooper, Jason Dunham, Tonya Haigh, Kimberly R. Hall, Michael J. Hayes, Jamie McEvoy, Rebecca L. Nelson, Markéta Poděbradská, Aaron Ramirez, Elliot Wickham, Dionne Zoanni 2023 Fort Collins Science Center

The Patchwork Governance Of Ecologically Available Water: A Case Study In The Upper Missouri Headwaters, Montana, United States, Amanda E. Cravens, Julia B. Goolsby, Theresa Jedd, Deborah J. Bathke, Shelley Crausbay, Ashley E. Cooper, Jason Dunham, Tonya Haigh, Kimberly R. Hall, Michael J. Hayes, Jamie Mcevoy, Rebecca L. Nelson, Markéta Poděbradská, Aaron Ramirez, Elliot Wickham, Dionne Zoanni

Drought Mitigation Center: Faculty Publications

Institutional authority and responsibility for allocating water to ecosystems (“ecologically available water” [EAW]) is spread across local, state, and federal agencies, which operate under a range of statutes, mandates, and planning processes. We use a case study of the Upper Missouri Headwaters Basin in southwestern Montana, United States, to illustrate this fragmented institutional landscape. Our goals are to (a) describe the patchwork of agencies and institutional actors whose intersecting authorities and actions influence the EAW in the study basin; (b) describe the range of governance mechanisms these agencies use, including laws, policies, administrative programs, and planning processes; and (c) assess …


Progress And Development Suggestions For Psychological Research On Climate Change, Yan SUN, Xuefeng CHEN, Yuanchao GONG, Jianchi TIAN, Zeyu JI, Yang LI, Hongyan GUO, Jin HAN, Linxiu ZHANG 2023 CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101408, China

Progress And Development Suggestions For Psychological Research On Climate Change, Yan Sun, Xuefeng Chen, Yuanchao Gong, Jianchi Tian, Zeyu Ji, Yang Li, Hongyan Guo, Jin Han, Linxiu Zhang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The public's psychological reactions to climate change, including cognition, attitude, emotions, and affects, are important psychological antecedents to their participation in the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change crisis. As a result, tracking, monitoring, and learning about these individuals' psychological reactions to climate change would lay the foundation for climate change education, mass media communication, and successful implementation of climate policies. The current study systematically summarizes the multi-dimensional factors influencing individuals' psychological reactions to climate change, and proposes suggestions for the development of psychological research on climate change and for climate actions. Hopefully, this study would raise the awareness …


The Response Of The Zooplankton Community In The Western Gulf Of Maine To A Shift In Oceanographic Conditions: 2005-2017, Emma Cecile Dullaert 2023 University of Maine

The Response Of The Zooplankton Community In The Western Gulf Of Maine To A Shift In Oceanographic Conditions: 2005-2017, Emma Cecile Dullaert

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Gulf of Maine (GoM) harbors a productive ecosystem that supports a wide variety of marine life, providing services upon which local communities rely. The GoM ecosystem supports many important commercially harvested species, including the American lobster (Homerus americanus) which is the most valuable fishery in the US, Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) and a variety of groundfish. The GoM is also home to the critically endangered North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis), which has historically been known to feed in the eastern GoM and Bay of Fundy during the summer and fall months. In …


Wave Attenuation Through Submerged Oyster Aquaculture Cages, Liam T. Hanley 2023 University of Maine

Wave Attenuation Through Submerged Oyster Aquaculture Cages, Liam T. Hanley

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Coastal erosion presents a growing issue to shorelines around the world and is especially harmful to Maine, a region where sea-level rise is higher than the global average. Green and hybrid coastal defense strategies are being implemented around the country to provide sustainable, habitat-friendly solutions to erosion control. Maine is a hotspot for commercial aquaculture, with an estimated $13.6 million economic impact. This study looks to bridge the gap between Maine aquaculture and the living shorelines initiative, by determining the wave attenuating properties of submerged oyster cages. The project will be able to inform local oyster farmers, resource planners, and …


Investigating Mercer's Paradox: A 10be Chronology Of Moraines Deposited During The Last Glaciation At Soda Lake, Wind River Range, Wyoming, U.S.A., Lauren M. Woods 2023 University of Maine

Investigating Mercer's Paradox: A 10be Chronology Of Moraines Deposited During The Last Glaciation At Soda Lake, Wind River Range, Wyoming, U.S.A., Lauren M. Woods

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Here I use geomorphic mapping and 10Be surface-exposure dating to address the paradox that lies within the general understanding of the mechanisms driving ice-age climate and glacial cycles. The long-standing and widely accepted Murphy-Milankovitch hypothesis suggests glacial cycles are controlled by the local intensity of summer-time insolation. By this hypothesis, glacier maxima should be achieved at times of low insolation intensity and asynchronously between the polar hemispheres, a pattern which is inconsistent with the glacial geomorphic record. The 10Be chronology I have constructed of moraines at Soda Lake, Wind River Range, Wyoming, U.S.A. shows nine glacial advances to …


Collaborative And Engaged Research To Strengthen Equity And Adaptive Governance In Co-Managed Fisheries, Gabrielle V. Hillyer 2023 University of Maine

Collaborative And Engaged Research To Strengthen Equity And Adaptive Governance In Co-Managed Fisheries, Gabrielle V. Hillyer

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Small-scale, co-managed fisheries are found throughout the world and often represent intertwining cultures, societies, communities, economies, institutions, and governments. They face complex issues, derived from ecological and social sources. Solving these issues requires diverse expertise, often developed through engaged methodologies which can facilitate collaborative solution creation between researchers, community members, and others. In this dissertation, I demonstrate the benefits of these engaged methodologies and review how they, when coupled with anticolonial approaches to research, can create more equitable solutions to complex issues. This dissertation focuses on multiple projects within the wild clam fishery in Maine including: (1) the creation of …


The Upper Ocean At The End Of An Ice Age: Using Proxies In Benthic Foraminifera To Investigate Intermediate Water Changes During The Last Glacial Termination, Cassandre R. Stirpe 2023 University of Maine

The Upper Ocean At The End Of An Ice Age: Using Proxies In Benthic Foraminifera To Investigate Intermediate Water Changes During The Last Glacial Termination, Cassandre R. Stirpe

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The ocean is an important component of the global climate system and plays a key role as a storage reservoir for heat and carbon. Under glacial conditions, the ocean sequestered carbon from the atmosphere, contributing to a cooler global climate. During the last glacial termination, that carbon was released back into the atmosphere, but the exact timing and mechanisms of this transfer are still not fully understood. This study examines waters from the intermediate depths of the Southern Ocean to gain insight into deglacial processes. Intermediate waters are capable of reacting to climate change on decadal timescales, making them a …


Nalidarturbopauseshear, Titus Yuan 2023 Utah State University

Nalidarturbopauseshear, Titus Yuan

Browse all Datasets

The USU Na lidar has been upgraded to be able to measure temperature and winds in the lower thermosphere up to ~ 115 km routinely. The new capability, coupled with the existing nightglow instruments at USU, enables the investigation of the extreme large wind and shears in this region and their correlation to the atmospheric gravity waves activities in the upper mesosphere.


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