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Stream Restoration Effectiveness In Mullins Creek In Fayetteville, Arkansas, Amadeo Scott 2023 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Stream Restoration Effectiveness In Mullins Creek In Fayetteville, Arkansas, Amadeo Scott

Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Lotic waterways are vital for habitat, food, water, and flood protection, but urbanization poses a major threat to their integrity. Runoff from urban surfaces leads to pollution, flashiness, loss of biodiversity, and other symptoms, also known as Urban Stream Syndrome (USS). To combat USS, streams can be restored, but most restorations are not monitored so their long-term effectiveness is unknown. This study quantitatively evaluated a decade-old stream restoration in Fayetteville, Arkansas, to assess its effectiveness in combating USS and achieving set restoration goals, and to gain insights for future restoration projects. Restoration goals included decreasing erosion and sedimentation, increasing pool …


Ecology And Management Of Dyer's Woad (Isatis Tinctoria) In Northern Utah, Erin Marie Hettinger 2023 Utah State University

Ecology And Management Of Dyer's Woad (Isatis Tinctoria) In Northern Utah, Erin Marie Hettinger

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Fall 2023 to Present

Dyer’s woad (Isatis tinctoria L.) is a non-native forb that continues to threaten natural areas throughout Northern Utah and much of the Intermountain West. Once introduced, dyer’s woad can become extremely invasive, decreasing forage quality, and displacing native species. While dyer’s woad is found throughout much of Northern Utah, its range in other states remains limited. If promptly managed, control success in these areas will be much higher and populations may be kept at bay before ecological damage becomes severe.

This project tested the ability of dyer’s woad seedlings to compete with common rangeland grasslands at varied densities as …


Initiation Criteria For The Onset Of Geomagnetic Substorms Based On Auroral Observations And Electrojet Current Signatures, Mayowa Michael Kayode-Adeoye 2023 University of South Alabama

Initiation Criteria For The Onset Of Geomagnetic Substorms Based On Auroral Observations And Electrojet Current Signatures, Mayowa Michael Kayode-Adeoye

<strong> Theses and Dissertations </strong>

In recent years, several substorm onset criteria have been developed, either from auroral observations (many authors) or from auroral electrojet properties such as those described by (Forsyth et al., 2015; Maimaiti et al., 2019; Newell & Gjerloev, 2011; Partamies et al., 2011) The different criteria are being investigated using a low order physics model of the magnetosphere called WINDMI (Spencer et al., 2009) and inferences are being made in line with the WINDMI model. The model variables will be compared with the criteria for substorm onset proposed by examining the SML index.

The WINDMI model uses solar wind and IMF …


Interactions Between Sediment Mechanical Structure And Infaunal Community Structure Following Physical Disturbance, William Cyrus Roger Clemo 2023 University of South Alabama

Interactions Between Sediment Mechanical Structure And Infaunal Community Structure Following Physical Disturbance, William Cyrus Roger Clemo

<strong> Theses and Dissertations </strong>

Shallow, river-influenced coastal sediments are important for global carbon storage and nutrient cycling and provide a habitat for diverse communities of invertebrates (infauna). Elevated bed shear stress from extreme storms can resuspend, transport, and deposit sediments, disrupting the cohesive structure of muds, and sorting and depositing sand eroded from beaches. These physical disruptions can also resuspend or smother infauna, decreasing abundances and changing community structure. Infaunal activities such as burrowing, tube construction, and feeding can impact sediment structure and stability. However, little is known about how physical disturbance impacts short and long-term sediment habitat suitability and whether disturbance-tolerant infauna influence …


Microscale To Mesoscale Modeling Of The Ocean Under Tropical Cyclones: Effects Of Sea Spray And Surfactants On Tropical Cyclone Intensity And Air-Sea Gas Exchange, Breanna Lynn Cain Vanderplow 2023 Nova Southeastern University

Microscale To Mesoscale Modeling Of The Ocean Under Tropical Cyclones: Effects Of Sea Spray And Surfactants On Tropical Cyclone Intensity And Air-Sea Gas Exchange, Breanna Lynn Cain Vanderplow

All HCAS Student Capstones, Theses, and Dissertations

Tropical cyclone intensity prediction remains a challenge despite computational and observational developments because successful intensity forecasting requires implementing a multitude of atmospheric and oceanic processes. Hurricane Maria 2017 and Hurricane Dorian 2019 serve as prime examples of rapidly intensifying storms that devastated communities in the Caribbean. A lack of understanding and parameterization of crucial physics involved in tropical cyclone intensity in existing forecast models may have led to these and other forecasting errors.

Microscale physical processes at the air-sea interface are a major factor in intensification of tropical cyclones that are often unaccounted for in forecasting models since they are …


Quantifying The Role Of Water Quality On Nitrogen Cycling In A Trophic Estuary, Kayla Gonzalez-Boy 2023 Kennesaw State University

Quantifying The Role Of Water Quality On Nitrogen Cycling In A Trophic Estuary, Kayla Gonzalez-Boy

Symposium of Student Scholars

Jobos Bay Estuary is an intertidal, tropical estuary located in southern Puerto Rico. The estuary covers about 12 km2 and has a variety of habitats, such as seagrass beds, mangroves, mud flats, and coral reefs, which play important roles in sediment trapping and water quality maintenance. Seagrasses also serve as nursery and feeding grounds and provide shelter for macrofauna. Currently, the role of seagrasses and water quality on nitrogen (N) cycling in trophic estuaries is not well constrained. Understanding variations in sediment-based effects on N cycling rates and transformations, and how they are associated with water quality, is an …


Coastal Water Temperature Guide, Andrew Allegra 2023 NOAA

Coastal Water Temperature Guide, Andrew Allegra

Benefits of Ocean Observing Catalog (BOOC)

● Near real-time temperatures are from NOAA's National Ocean Service (NOS) tidal stations and Physical Oceanographic Real-Time System (PORTS®).

● Recent and near real-time water temperatures are also from NOAA's National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) moored buoys.

● Daily Averaged Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is from NOAA NCEI’s 1/4° Daily Optimum Interpolation Sea Surface Temperature (OISST) data set. It is a blended SST file of buoy, ship, Argo, and satellite observations.


The Olympic Coast As A Sentinel: An Integrated Social-Ecological Regional Vulnerability Assessment To Ocean Acidification, Courtney Cochran 2023 Ocean Acidification Program

The Olympic Coast As A Sentinel: An Integrated Social-Ecological Regional Vulnerability Assessment To Ocean Acidification, Courtney Cochran

Benefits of Ocean Observing Catalog (BOOC)

Timestamp: 44862.4626207986 Email Address: courtney.cochran@noaa.gov Name: Courtney Cochran Affiliation: NOAA Affiliate (UCAR Contractor) Program Office/Division: Ocean Acidification Program Position Title: Program Specialist III Title of use case: The Olympic Coast as a Sentinel: An Integrated Social-Ecological Regional Vulnerability Assessment to Ocean Acidification Authors or Creators: Newton, J. ; Poe, M. ; Alin, S. ; Chadsey, M. ; Feely, R. ; Fradkin, S. ; Hagen, J. ; Ledford, J. ; Koehlinger, J. A. ; Schumacher, J. ; Siedlecki, S. ; Svec, R. ; Waddell, J. ; Watkinson-Schutten, M Affiliations of Authors or Creators: University of Washington Applied Physics Lab and the …


Marine Heat Waves, Andrew Allegra 2023 NOAA

Marine Heat Waves, Andrew Allegra

Benefits of Ocean Observing Catalog (BOOC)

Marine heatwave data sets are calculated by NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information using Optimum Interpolation Sea Surface Temperature (OISST) data. The NOAA 1/4° OISST is a long-term Climate Data Record that incorporates observations from different platforms (satellites, ships, buoys and Argo floats) into a regular global grid. The in situ component of this input is critical.


Geo Blueplanet - Noaa Coastwatch - Esri Coastal Eutrophication Index In Support Of Sustainable Development Goal 14.1.1, Merrie Beth Neely 2023 NESDIS/STAR/SOCD/NOAA CoastWatch

Geo Blueplanet - Noaa Coastwatch - Esri Coastal Eutrophication Index In Support Of Sustainable Development Goal 14.1.1, Merrie Beth Neely

Benefits of Ocean Observing Catalog (BOOC)

Timestamp: 44819.6683347106 Email Address: merrie.neely@noaa.gov Name: Merrie Beth Neely Affiliation: Global Science and Technology Program Office/Division: NESDIS/STAR/SOCD/NOAA CoastWatch Position Title: research scientist (contractor) Title of use case: GEO BluePlanet - NOAA CoastWatch - ESRI Coastal Eutrophication Index in support of Sustainable Development Goal 14.1.1 Authors or Creators: Neely, M and Lance, V Affiliations of Authors or Creators: GST, Inc. (Neely) and NOAA Federal (Lance) Contributors: Smail, E. and Ramachandran, S Affiliation of Contributors: GEO BluePlanet (Smail) and RIVA (Ramachandran) Description: UN Environment requested assistance developing two satellite-based ocean color indicators of coastal eutrophication. This global product covers the EEZs for …


Critical Use Of Noaa Coastwatch Great Lakes Node Remote Sensing Of Sea Ice For Uscg Mission Planning, Merrie Beth Neely 2023 NESDIS/STAR/SOCD/NOAA CoastWatch

Critical Use Of Noaa Coastwatch Great Lakes Node Remote Sensing Of Sea Ice For Uscg Mission Planning, Merrie Beth Neely

Benefits of Ocean Observing Catalog (BOOC)

Timestamp: 44823.3273319444 Email Address: merrie.neely@noaa.gov Name: Merrie Beth Neely Affiliation: Global Science and Technology, Inc. Program Office/Division: NESDIS/STAR/SOCD/NOAA CoastWatch Position Title: Research Scientist (contractor) Title of use case: Critical Use of NOAA CoastWatch Great Lakes Node Remote Sensing of Sea Ice for USCG mission planning Authors or Creators: Neely, M.B. and Lance, V. Affiliations of Authors or Creators: GST, Inc. (Neely) and NOAA Federal (Lance) Contributors: VanderWoude, A and Liu, S. Affiliation of Contributors: NOAA Federal (VanderWoude), CIGLR - University of Michigan (Liu) Description: USCG uses NOAA CoastWatch-supplied true-color imagery, the RADARSAT ice classification, and ice extent imagery when selecting …


Booc Api Test, Anthony Castellletto 2023 Center for the Blue Economy

Booc Api Test, Anthony Castellletto

Benefits of Ocean Observing Catalog (BOOC)

This is just a test to see if I can read data from a published case through the Digital Commons API. Just ignore this case.

Tony Castelletto


Global Forecasts Of Marine Heatwaves, Michael Jacox 2023 Center for the Blue Economy

Global Forecasts Of Marine Heatwaves, Michael Jacox

Benefits of Ocean Observing Catalog (BOOC)

Timestamp: 44862.4486656366 Email Address: michael.jacox@noaa.gov Name: Michael Jacox Affiliation: NOAA Southwest Fisheries Science Center and NOAA Physical Sciences Laboratory Program Office/Division: Position Title: Research oceanographer Title of use case: Global forecasts of marine heatwaves Authors or Creators: Jacox, M., Alexander, M., Amaya, D., Becker, B., Bograd, S., Brodie, S., Hazen, E., Pozo Buil, M., Tommasi, D., Hsu, C.-W., Smith, C. Affiliations of Authors or Creators: NOAA Physical Sciences Laboratory; NOAA Southwest Fisheries Science Center; University of Colorado; University of Miami; University of California Santa Cruz Contributors: Affiliation of Contributors: Description: Researchers used climate forecast systems to develop global marine heatwave …


Understanding Comprehensive Flood Risk With Noaa Data, Kate Quigley 2023 NOS OCM

Understanding Comprehensive Flood Risk With Noaa Data, Kate Quigley

Benefits of Ocean Observing Catalog (BOOC)

Timestamp: 44806.3799229514 Email Address: kate.quigley@noaa.gov Name: Kate Quigley Affiliation: NOAA Program Office/Division: NOS OCM Position Title: Economist Title of use case: Understanding Comprehensive Flood Risk with NOAA Data Authors or Creators: NOAA OCM Digital Coast website Affiliations of Authors or Creators: NOAA OCM Contributors: Doug Marcy Affiliation of Contributors: NOAA OCM Description: The Beyond Floods app features a flood outlook score and detailed reports for each individual property. This score is an abstraction of more than 25 factors related to real estate, social perception, flood insurance, flood mitigation and losses, infrastructure, and geomorphology. Syndeste used data from NOAA’s digital elevation …


Spatial And Temporal Variations Of Microplastics Within Humboldt Bay, California, Isabelle M. Marcus, Tamara B. Barriquand, Rebecca M. Thompson, Bennett C. Hosselkus, Cole T. Hutson, Michael Jacobs, Connor McNeil, Leah Newton, Stephanie M. Olivarez, Jeffrey Abell 2023 California State Polytechnic, Humboldt

Spatial And Temporal Variations Of Microplastics Within Humboldt Bay, California, Isabelle M. Marcus, Tamara B. Barriquand, Rebecca M. Thompson, Bennett C. Hosselkus, Cole T. Hutson, Michael Jacobs, Connor Mcneil, Leah Newton, Stephanie M. Olivarez, Jeffrey Abell

CSU Journal of Sustainability and Climate Change

This study aimed to quantify microplastic (MP) concentration and analyze the spatial and temporal variabilities of the concentrations during the tidal cycle in Humboldt Bay, California. To get an approximation of MP concentration, both water and sediment samples were taken at five different stations, twice during one tidal cycle. Sampling was conducted during two different cruises, on the 19th and 21st of September 2020. The samples were processed in the lab using a density separation procedure and filtration. MP concentrations in the different samples were determined using an average optical microscopy count. Comparison of the water column MP concentrations during …


Beyond The Tide: A Comprehensive Guide To Sea-Level-Rise Inundation Mapping Using Foss4g, Levente Juhasz, Jinwen Xu, Randall W. Parkinson 2023 Florida International University

Beyond The Tide: A Comprehensive Guide To Sea-Level-Rise Inundation Mapping Using Foss4g, Levente Juhasz, Jinwen Xu, Randall W. Parkinson

GIS Center

No abstract provided.


The How And Why Of Visual Practice At Un Climate Negotiations, Stéphanie Heckman 2023 Visual Practitioner

The How And Why Of Visual Practice At Un Climate Negotiations, Stéphanie Heckman

New England Journal of Public Policy

In this article Stéphanie Heckman examines the process and outcomes of her graphic recording work and other forms of visual practice in the context of UN climate negotiations, reflecting on three years of collaboration with the UN Climate Change Secretariat, particularly during the eighteen-month Global Stocktake process. After a review of the history and science behind visual storytelling, she analyses one of the graphic recordings made for the third meeting of the Technical Dialogue of the Global Stocktake through the lens of Kelvy Bird’s ‘Levels of Scribing’ model. Drawing on comments from delegates at COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt and …


The Role Of Carbon Management Technologies In Meeting Net Zero, Ali Al-Saffar 2023 The Rockefeller Foundation

The Role Of Carbon Management Technologies In Meeting Net Zero, Ali Al-Saffar

New England Journal of Public Policy

The pathway toward implementing the changes necessary in the energy sector to keep global temperature rises from breaking through catastrophic barriers is narrow and tenuous and will require a range of zero- and low-carbon technologies to be dispatched at a speed and scale that is virtually unprecedented. Decarbonization through renewables, matched with the more efficient use of energy in the end-use sectors will play a large part. But there is growing realization that there will be residual fossil fuel use long into the future, and that the emissions from the burning of these fossil fuels in power plants and factories …


The Gulf: An Appeal For More Coordinated Action On Climate Change, Fareed Yasseen 2023 Climate Envoy, Republic of Iraq

The Gulf: An Appeal For More Coordinated Action On Climate Change, Fareed Yasseen

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article seeks to provide the rationale behind Iraqi Prime Minister Al-Sudani’s call at the United Nations for the formation of a negotiating group within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change process that brings together all member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council, Iraq, and Iran. This article argues that these countries would benefit doubly from such an arrangement, because it would help them better address the direct effects of climate change, on the one hand, and to better address the effects of the measures taken to address climate change, which will affect them as fossil fuel producers, …


Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley, Adanna C. Kalejaye 2023 University of Massachusetts Boston

Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley, Adanna C. Kalejaye

New England Journal of Public Policy

To coincide with COP28 in Dubai, this issue of the New England Journal of Public Policy published a series of articles on climate warming.


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