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Mathematical Modeling For Studying The Sustainability Of Plants Subject To The Stress Of Two Distinct Herbivores, B. Chen-Charpentier, M. C.A. Leite, O. Gaoue, F. B. Agusto 2020 University of Texas at Arlington

Mathematical Modeling For Studying The Sustainability Of Plants Subject To The Stress Of Two Distinct Herbivores, B. Chen-Charpentier, M. C.A. Leite, O. Gaoue, F. B. Agusto

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

Viability of plants, especially endangered species, are usually affected by multiple stressors, including insects, herbivores, environmental factors and other plant species. We present new mathematical models, based on systems of ordinary differential equations, of two distinct herbivore species feeding (two stressors) on the same plant species. The new feature is the explicit functional form modeling the simultaneous feedback interactions (synergistic or additive or antagonistic) between the three species in the ecosystem. The goal is to investigate whether the coexistence of the plant and both herbivore species is possible (a sustainable system) and under which conditions sustainability is feasible. Our theoretical ...


Exploring The Convergence Properties Of A New Modified Newton-Raphson Root Method, Euaggelo E. Zotos, Wei Chen 2020 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Exploring The Convergence Properties Of A New Modified Newton-Raphson Root Method, Euaggelo E. Zotos, Wei Chen

Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)

We examine the convergence properties of a modified Newton-Raphson root method, by using a simple complex polynomial equation, as a test example. In particular, we numerically investigate how a parameter, entering the iterative scheme, affects the efficiency and the speed of the method. Color-coded polynomiographs are deployed for presenting the regions of convergence, as well as the fractality degree of the complex plane. We demonstrate that the behavior of the modified Newton-Raphson method is correlated with the numerical value of the parameter 1. Additionally, there are cases for which the method works flawlessly, while in some other cases we encounter ...


A Study Of The Design Of Adaptive Camber Winglets, Justin J. Rosescu 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

A Study Of The Design Of Adaptive Camber Winglets, Justin J. Rosescu

Master's Theses

A numerical study was conducted to determine the effect of changing the camber of a winglet on the efficiency of a wing in two distinct flight conditions. Camber was altered via a simple plain flap deflection in the winglet, which produced a constant camber change over the winglet span. Hinge points were located at 20%, 50% and 80% of the chord and the trailing edge was deflected between -5° and +5°. Analysis was performed using a combination of three-dimensional vortex lattice method and two-dimensional panel method to obtain aerodynamic forces for the entire wing, based on different winglet camber configurations ...


The Boundary Element Method For Parabolic Equation And Its Implementation In Bem++, Sihao Wang 2020 Southern Methodist University

The Boundary Element Method For Parabolic Equation And Its Implementation In Bem++, Sihao Wang

Mathematics Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this work is to develop a fast method for solving Galerkin discretizations of boundary integral formulations of the heat equation. The main contribution of this work is to devise a new fast algorithm for evaluating the dense matrices of the discretized integral equations.

Similar to the parabolic FMM, this method is based on a subdivision of the matrices into an appropriate hierarchical block structure. However, instead of an expansion of the kernel in both space and time we interpolate kernel in the temporal variables and use of the adaptive cross approximation (ACA) in the spatial variables.

The ...


Parallel-In-Time Simulation Of Biofluids, Weifan Liu, Minghao Rostami 2020 Syracuse University

Parallel-In-Time Simulation Of Biofluids, Weifan Liu, Minghao Rostami

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


On The Properties Of Solutions Of A Cross-Diffusion System With Nonlinear Boundary Flux, Zafar Rakhmonov, Jasur Urunbaev, Bobur Allaberdiyev 2020 National University of Uzbekistan

On The Properties Of Solutions Of A Cross-Diffusion System With Nonlinear Boundary Flux, Zafar Rakhmonov, Jasur Urunbaev, Bobur Allaberdiyev

Scientific Journal of Samarkand University

In this paper, based on a self-similar analysis and the method of standard equations, the properties of a nonlinear cross-diffusion system coupled via nonlocal boundary conditions are studied. We are investigated the qualitative properties of solutions of a nonlinear system of parabolic equations of cross-diffusion in a medium coupled with nonlinear boundary conditions. It is proved that for certain values of the numerical parameters of the nonlinear cross-diffusion system of parabolic equations coupled via nonlinear boundary conditions, they may not have global solutions in time. Based on a self-similar analysis and the principle of comparing solutions, a critical exponent of ...


Sensor Data Analysis In Smart Buildings, Manuel A. Mane Penton 2020 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Sensor Data Analysis In Smart Buildings, Manuel A. Mane Penton

Publications and Research

Data analysis and Machine Learning are destined to evolve the current technology infrastructure by solving technology and economy demands present mainly in developed cities like New York. This research proposes a machine learning (ML) based solution to alleviate one of the main issues that big buildings such as CUNY campuses have, that is the waste of energy resources. The analysis of data coming from the readings of different deployed sensors such as CO2, humidity and temperature can be used to estimate occupancy in a specific room and building in general. The outcome of this research established a relationship between the ...


A Method To Reclaim Multifractal Statistics From Saturated Images, Jeremy Juybari 2020 University of Maine

A Method To Reclaim Multifractal Statistics From Saturated Images, Jeremy Juybari

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The CompuMAINE lab has developed a patented computational cancer detection method utilizing the 2D Wavelet Transform Modulus Maxima (WTMM) method to help predict disrupted, tumor-associated breast tissue from mammography. The lab has a database of mammograms in which some of the image subregions contain artefacts which are excluded from the analysis, image saturation is one such artefact. To maximize statistical power in our clinical analyses, our goal is therefore to minimize the rejection of image subregions containing artefacts. The goal of this particular project is to explore the effects of image saturation on the resulting multifractal statistics from the 2D ...


Joint Inversion Of Gpr And Er Data, Diego Domenzain 2020 Boise State University

Joint Inversion Of Gpr And Er Data, Diego Domenzain

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Imaging the subsurface can shed knowledge on important processes needed in a modern day human's life such as ground-water exploration, water resource monitoring, contaminant and hazard mitigation, geothermal energy exploration and carbon dioxide storage. As computing power expands, it is becoming ever more feasible to increase the physical complexity of Earth's exploration methods, and hence enhance our understanding of the subsurface.

We use non-invasive geophysical active source methods that rely on electromagnetic fields to probe the depths of the Earth. In particular, we use Ground penetrating radar (GPR) and Electrical resistivity (ER). Both methods are sensitive to electrical ...


Hydrodynamic Instability Simulations Using Front-Tracking With Higher-Order Splitting Methods, Dillon Trinh 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Hydrodynamic Instability Simulations Using Front-Tracking With Higher-Order Splitting Methods, Dillon Trinh

Mathematical Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Rayleigh-Taylor Instability (RTI) is an instability that occurs at the interface of a lighter density fluid pushing onto a higher density fluid in constant or time-dependent accelerations. The Richtmyer-Meshkov Instability (RMI) occurs when two fluids of different densities are separated by a perturbed interface that is accelerated impulsively, usually by a shock wave. When the shock wave is applied, the less dense fluid will penetrate the denser fluid, forming a characteristic bubble feature in the displacement of the fluid. The displacement will initially obey a linear growth model, but as time progresses, a nonlinear model is required. Numerical studies ...


Automatic Numerical Methods For Enhancement Of Blurred Text-Images Via Optimization And Nonlinear Diffusion, Aaditya Kharel 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

Automatic Numerical Methods For Enhancement Of Blurred Text-Images Via Optimization And Nonlinear Diffusion, Aaditya Kharel

Honors Theses

In this paper, we propose an automatic numerical method for solving a nonlinear partialdifferential- equation (PDE) based image-processing model. The Perona-Malik diffusion equation (PME) accounts for both forward and backward diffusion regimes so as to perform simultaneous denoising and deblurring depending on the value of the gradient. One of the limitations of this equation is that a large value of the gradient for backward diffusion can lead to singularity formation or staircasing. Guidotti-Kim-Lambers (GKL) came up with a bound for backward diffusion to prevent staircasing, where the backward diffusion is only limited to a specific range beyond which backward diffusion ...


Modeling Fico Score And Loan Amount, Ashleigh Romer 2020 Georgia College

Modeling Fico Score And Loan Amount, Ashleigh Romer

Georgia College Student Research Events

In this research, we use Lending Club data from Kaggle to analyze FICO scores and loan amounts funded using multiple predictors. Lending Club is a US peer-to-peer lending company, headquartered in San Francisco, California. First, we cleaned our big data with 1,048,575 rows and 97 columns and then performed exploratory data analysis. We also used feature engineering and subset selection methods to build a linear model to predict FICO score and amount funded of customers loan requests. Overall, we found that FICO score is best modeled using backward regression which gives an exponential function with the predictors being ...


D-Vine Copula Model For Dependent Binary Data, Huihui Lin, N. Rao Chaganty 2020 Old Dominion University

D-Vine Copula Model For Dependent Binary Data, Huihui Lin, N. Rao Chaganty

College of Sciences Posters

High-dimensional dependent binary data are prevalent in a wide range of scientific disciplines. A popular method for analyzing such data is the Multivariate Probit (MP) model. But the MP model sometimes fails even within a feasible range of binary correlations, because the underlying correlation matrix of the latent variables may not be positive definite. In this research, we proposed pair copula models, assuming the dependence between the binary variables is first order autoregressive (AR(1))or equicorrelated structure. Also, when Archimediean copula is used, most paper converted Kendall Tau to corresponding copula parameter, there is no explicit function of Pearson ...


Wilson Sensor Footballs: Consistency Metric, Kenneth Eaton 2020 Ohio Northern University

Wilson Sensor Footballs: Consistency Metric, Kenneth Eaton

Honors Capstone Enhancement Presentations

No abstract provided.


Improved Filtering Of Electron Tomography Edx Data, Kelsey M. Larkin 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Improved Filtering Of Electron Tomography Edx Data, Kelsey M. Larkin

Senior Theses

Electron microscopy is a very exciting field, which has shown huge developments in the last few decades. There is a continuous development of new methods which feature atomic level resolution. One of these methods is the energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, which allows the researchers to understand the chemical make-up of the sample. It is particularly exciting that we are able to make EDX tomographic reconstructions and view the 3D structure of a nano-object.

This thesis is focused on developing a new methodology for EDX tomography. In a typical EDX set-up, one detects X-rays from the sample with different energies ...


Preparing For The Future: The Effects Of Financial Literacy On Financial Planning For Young Professionals, Tanay Singh 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Preparing For The Future: The Effects Of Financial Literacy On Financial Planning For Young Professionals, Tanay Singh

Senior Theses

Purpose – Many people between the age of 20 and 34 have not considered planning financially for the future in any significant capacity and in doing so, they limit their potential savings. The purpose of this study is to examine what financial expectations are for people in the early stages of their career and determine if improving financial literacy and revealing financial realities helps to produce more accurate or realistic expectations. Ultimately, the goal is to better prepare participants in the study for the working world and increased responsibilities outside of the college/university environment by getting them to start thinking ...


Numerical Analysis Of Three-Dimensional Mhd Flow Of Casson Nanofluid Past An Exponentially Stretching Sheet, Madhusudan Senapati, Kharabela Swain, Sampad Kumar Parida 2020 S 'O' A Deemed to be University

Numerical Analysis Of Three-Dimensional Mhd Flow Of Casson Nanofluid Past An Exponentially Stretching Sheet, Madhusudan Senapati, Kharabela Swain, Sampad Kumar Parida

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

The convective three dimensional electrically conducting Casson nanofluid flow over an exponentially stretching sheet embedded in a saturated porous medium and subjected to thermal as well as solutal slip in the presence of externally applied transverse magnetic field (force-at-a-distance) is studied. The heat transfer phenomenon includes the viscous dissipation, Joulian dissipation, thermal radiation, contribution of nanofluidity and temperature dependent volumetric heat source. The study of mass diffusion in the presence of chemically reactive species enriches the analysis. The numerical solutions of coupled nonlinear governing equations bring some earlier reported results as particular cases providing a testimony of validation of the ...


Numerical Solution For Solving Two-Points Boundary Value Problems Using Orthogonal Boubaker Polynomials, Imad Noah Ahmed 2020 University of Technology, Iraq

Numerical Solution For Solving Two-Points Boundary Value Problems Using Orthogonal Boubaker Polynomials, Imad Noah Ahmed

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

In this paper, a new technique for solving boundary value problems (BVPs) is introduced. An orthogonal function for Boubaker polynomial was utilizedand by the aid of Galerkin method the BVP was transformed to a system of linear algebraic equations with unknown coefficients, which can be easily solved to find the approximate result. Some numerical examples were added with illustrations, comparing their results with the exact to show the efficiency and the applicability of the method.


Investigating The Solution Properties Of Population Model Of Cross-Diffusion Model With Double Nonlinearity And With Variable Density, Dildora Kabilovna Muhamediyeva 2020 Scientific and Innovation Center of Information and Communication Technologies at Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after Muhammad al-Khwarizmi, Address: Amir Temur street, 108, 100200, Tashkent city, Republic of Uzbekistan

Investigating The Solution Properties Of Population Model Of Cross-Diffusion Model With Double Nonlinearity And With Variable Density, Dildora Kabilovna Muhamediyeva

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The models of two competing populations with double nonlinear diffusion and three types of functional dependencies are considered. The first dependence corresponds to the Malthusian type, the second to the Verhühlst type (logistic population), and the third to Olli-type populations. A common element of this kind of description is the presence of a linear source. Nonlinear sinks are also present in descriptions of populations of the Verhulst and Ollie type. Suitable initial approximations for a rapidly converging iterative process are proposed. Based on a self-similar analysis and comparison of the solutions of the Cauchy problem in the domain for an ...


A Computationally-Efficient Bound For The Variance Of Measuring The Orientation Of Single Molecules, Tingting Wu, Tianben Ding, Hesam Mazidi, Oumeng Zhang, Matthew D. Lew 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

A Computationally-Efficient Bound For The Variance Of Measuring The Orientation Of Single Molecules, Tingting Wu, Tianben Ding, Hesam Mazidi, Oumeng Zhang, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

Modulating the polarization of excitation light, resolving the polarization of emitted fluorescence, and point spread function (PSF) engineering have been widely leveraged for measuring the orientation of single molecules. Typically, the performance of these techniques is optimized and quantified using the Cramér-Rao bound (CRB), which describes the best possible measurement variance of an unbiased estimator. However, CRB is a local measure and requires exhaustive sampling across the measurement space to fully characterize measurement precision. We develop a global variance upper bound (VUB) for fast quantification and comparison of orientation measurement techniques. Our VUB tightly bounds the diagonal elements of the ...


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