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A Novel Correction For The Adjusted Box-Pierce Test, Sidy Danioko, Jianwei Zheng, Kyle Anderson, Alexander Barrett, Cyril S. Rakovski 2022 Chapman University

A Novel Correction For The Adjusted Box-Pierce Test, Sidy Danioko, Jianwei Zheng, Kyle Anderson, Alexander Barrett, Cyril S. Rakovski

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

The classical Box-Pierce and Ljung-Box tests for auto-correlation of residuals possess severe deviations from nominal type I error rates. Previous studies have attempted to address this issue by either revising existing tests or designing new techniques. The Adjusted Box-Pierce achieves the best results with respect to attaining type I error rates closer to nominal values. This research paper proposes a further correction to the adjusted Box-Pierce test that possesses near perfect type I error rates. The approach is based on an inflation of the rejection region for all sample sizes and lags calculated via a linear model applied to simulated ...


Cooccurrr - Applying Glcm Analysis Techniques To Non-Image Objects Such As Fitness Landscapes, Steph J. Owen 2022 Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute

Cooccurrr - Applying Glcm Analysis Techniques To Non-Image Objects Such As Fitness Landscapes, Steph J. Owen

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Empirical And Computational Approaches To Explore The Underlying Neuromodulatory Mechanisms Of Social Status Regulation On Zebrafish Motor Circuits, Sungwoo Ahn, Choongseok Park, Fadi Issa 2022 East Carolina University

Empirical And Computational Approaches To Explore The Underlying Neuromodulatory Mechanisms Of Social Status Regulation On Zebrafish Motor Circuits, Sungwoo Ahn, Choongseok Park, Fadi Issa

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Age-Dependent Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury, Quintessa Hay, Christopher Grubb, Rebecca L. Heise, Sarah Minucci, Michael S. Valentine, Jennifer Van Mullekom, Angela M. Reynolds 2022 Virginia Commonwealth University

Age-Dependent Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury, Quintessa Hay, Christopher Grubb, Rebecca L. Heise, Sarah Minucci, Michael S. Valentine, Jennifer Van Mullekom, Angela M. Reynolds

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


A Molecular Dynamics Study Of Polymer Chains In Shear Flows And Nanocomposites, Venkat Bala 2022 The University of Western Ontario

A Molecular Dynamics Study Of Polymer Chains In Shear Flows And Nanocomposites, Venkat Bala

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this work we study single chain polymers in shear flows and nanocomposite polymer melts extensively through the use of large scale molecular dynamics simulations through LAMMPS. In the single polymer chain shear flow study, we use the Lattice Boltzmann method to simulate fluid dynamics and also include thermal noise as per the \emph{fluctuation-dissipation} theorem in the system. When simulating the nanocomposite polymer melts, we simply use a Langevin thermostat to mimic a heat bath. In the single polymer in shear flow study we investigated the margination of a single chain towards solid surfaces and how strongly the shear ...


Data And Algorithmic Modeling Approaches To Count Data, Andraya Hack 2022 Murray State University

Data And Algorithmic Modeling Approaches To Count Data, Andraya Hack

Honors College Theses

Various techniques are used to create predictions based on count data. This type of data takes the form of a non-negative integers such as the number of claims an insurance policy holder may make. These predictions can allow people to prepare for likely outcomes. Thus, it is important to know how accurate the predictions are. Traditional statistical approaches for predicting count data include Poisson regression as well as negative binomial regression. Both methods also have a zero-inflated version that can be used when the data has an overabundance of zeros. Another procedure is to use computer algorithms, also known as ...


Advancements In Gaussian Process Learning For Uncertainty Quantification, John C. Nicholson 2022 Clemson University

Advancements In Gaussian Process Learning For Uncertainty Quantification, John C. Nicholson

All Dissertations

Gaussian processes are among the most useful tools in modeling continuous processes in machine learning and statistics. The research presented provides advancements in uncertainty quantification using Gaussian processes from two distinct perspectives. The first provides a more fundamental means of constructing Gaussian processes which take on arbitrary linear operator constraints in much more general framework than its predecessors, and the other from the perspective of calibration of state-aware parameters in computer models. If the value of a process is known at a finite collection of points, one may use Gaussian processes to construct a surface which interpolates these values to ...


Vertical Take-Off And Landing Control Via Dual-Quaternions And Sliding Mode, Joshua Sonderegger 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Vertical Take-Off And Landing Control Via Dual-Quaternions And Sliding Mode, Joshua Sonderegger

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

The landing and reusability of space vehicles is one of the driving forces into renewed interest in space utilization. For missions to planetary surfaces, this soft landing has been most commonly accomplished with parachutes. However, in spite of their simplicity, they are susceptible to parachute drift. This parachute drift makes it very difficult to predict where the vehicle will land, especially in a dense and windy atmosphere such as Earth. Instead, recent focus has been put into developing a powered landing through gimbaled thrust. This gimbaled thrust output is dependent on robust path planning and controls algorithms. Being able to ...


Quadratic Neural Network Architecture As Evaluated Relative To Conventional Neural Network Architecture, Reid Taylor 2022 University of South Carolina

Quadratic Neural Network Architecture As Evaluated Relative To Conventional Neural Network Architecture, Reid Taylor

Senior Theses

Current work in the field of deep learning and neural networks revolves around several variations of the same mathematical model for associative learning. These variations, while significant and exceptionally applicable in the real world, fail to push the limits of modern computational prowess. This research does just that: by leveraging high order tensors in place of 2nd order tensors, quadratic neural networks can be developed and can allow for substantially more complex machine learning models which allow for self-interactions of collected and analyzed data. This research shows the theorization and development of mathematical model necessary for such an idea to ...


On Efficacy And Effectiveness Of Vaccines: A Mathematical Approach Based On Conditional Probability With Applications To The Covid-19 Context, Flavius Guias 2022 Dortmund University of Applied Sciences and Arts

On Efficacy And Effectiveness Of Vaccines: A Mathematical Approach Based On Conditional Probability With Applications To The Covid-19 Context, Flavius Guias

Spora: A Journal of Biomathematics

This paper presents a mathematically formalized approach which points out the relation between efficacy and effectiveness of vaccines. The first term denotes the relative degree of protection in clinical trials or under ideal conditions, while the latter is based on observed real-life data. We define the efficacy by a similar formula to the effectiveness, but the probabilities involved in the relative risk are conditional with respect to the exposure to the virus. If exposure and vaccination status are independent, the two quantities are equal. Otherwise, the observed value of the effectiveness is a biased one, as it could be seen ...


Existence And Uniqueness Of Minimizers For A Nonlocal Variational Problem, Michael Pieper 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Existence And Uniqueness Of Minimizers For A Nonlocal Variational Problem, Michael Pieper

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nonlocal modeling is a rapidly growing field, with a vast array of applications and connections to questions in pure math. One goal of this work is to present an approachable introduction to the field and an invitation to the reader to explore it more deeply. In particular, we explore connections between nonlocal operators and classical problems in the calculus of variations. Using a well-known approach, known simply as The Direct Method, we establish well-posedness for a class of variational problems involving a nonlocal first-order differential operator. Some simple numerical experiments demonstrate the behavior of these problems for specific choices of ...


An Axiomatic And Contextual Review Of The Armitage And Doll Model Of Carcinogenesis, W. Zane Billings, Justin Clifton, Josh Hiller, Tommy Meek, Andrew Penland, Wesley Rogers, Gabriella Smokovich, Andrew Velasquez-Berroteran, Eleni Zamagias 2022 Western Carolina University

An Axiomatic And Contextual Review Of The Armitage And Doll Model Of Carcinogenesis, W. Zane Billings, Justin Clifton, Josh Hiller, Tommy Meek, Andrew Penland, Wesley Rogers, Gabriella Smokovich, Andrew Velasquez-Berroteran, Eleni Zamagias

Spora: A Journal of Biomathematics

In 1954, Armitage and Doll published one of the most influential papers in the history of mathematical epidemiology. However, when one examines the literature one finds that there are in fact at least three distinct mathematical models attributed to the 1954 paper. In this study, we examine this important paper and the mathematical derivation of their model. We find, very surprisingly, that no stochastic process can account for all the assumptions of the model and that many of the models in the literature use a consistent subset of the assumptions used in Armitage and Doll's paper.


Optimizing Pension Outcomes Using Target Volatility Investment Concept, Zefeng Bai 2022 Bentley University

Optimizing Pension Outcomes Using Target Volatility Investment Concept, Zefeng Bai

2022

The target volatility strategy is a very popular investment concept in financial marketplace. For my dissertation, I focus on studying the target volatility investment concept in application to pension accumulation as well as decumulation stages. Additionally, I extend a basic target volatility strategy by introducing trading boundaries to its asset allocation mechanism. My dissertation study follows a three-paper format.

In paper one, we propose a new pension strategy that aims at improving the protection of a long-term pension plan in volatile market conditions. Over a hypothetical twenty-year pension scheme, we show that our newly proposed strategy, which attaches a target ...


Sensitivity Analysis Of Basins Of Attraction For Gradient-Based Optimization Methods, Gillian King 2022 Bowdoin College

Sensitivity Analysis Of Basins Of Attraction For Gradient-Based Optimization Methods, Gillian King

Honors Projects

This project is an analysis of the effectiveness of five distinct optimization methods in their ability in producing clear images of the basins of attraction, which is the set of initial points that approach the same minimum for a given function. Basin images are similar to contour plots, except that they depict the distinct regions of points--in unique colors--that approach the same minimum. Though distinct in goal, contour plots are useful to basin research in that idealized basin images can be inferred from the steepness levels and location of extrema they depict. Effectiveness of the method changes slightly depending on ...


Sensitivity Analysis Of Basins Of Attraction For Nelder-Mead, Sonia K. Shah 2022 Bowdoin College

Sensitivity Analysis Of Basins Of Attraction For Nelder-Mead, Sonia K. Shah

Honors Projects

The Nelder-Mead optimization method is a numerical method used to find the minimum of an objective function in a multidimensional space. In this paper, we use this method to study functions - specifically functions with three-dimensional graphs - and create images of the basin of attraction of the function. Three different methods are used to create these images named the systematic point method, randomized centroid method, and systemized centroid method. This paper applies these methods to different functions. The first function has two minima with an equivalent function value. The second function has one global minimum and one local minimum. The last ...


Representation Theory And Its Applications In Physics, Jakub Bystrický 2022 Colby College

Representation Theory And Its Applications In Physics, Jakub Bystrický

Honors Theses

Representation theory is a branch of mathematics that allows us to represent elements of a group as elements of a general linear group of a chosen vector space by means of a homomorphism. The group elements are mapped to linear operators and we can study the group using linear algebra. This ability is especially useful in physics where much of the theories are captured by linear algebra structures. This thesis reviews key concepts in representation theory of both finite and infinite groups. In the case of finite groups we discuss equivalence, orthogonality, characters, and group algebras. We discuss the importance ...


Dynamic Nonlinear Gaussian Model For Inferring A Graph Structure On Time Series, Abhinuv Uppal 2022 Claremont Colleges

Dynamic Nonlinear Gaussian Model For Inferring A Graph Structure On Time Series, Abhinuv Uppal

CMC Senior Theses

In many applications of graph analytics, the optimal graph construction is not always straightforward. I propose a novel algorithm to dynamically infer a graph structure on multiple time series by first imposing a state evolution equation on the graph and deriving the necessary equations to convert it into a maximum likelihood optimization problem. The state evolution equation guarantees that edge weights contain predictive power by construction. After running experiments on simulated data, it appears the required optimization is likely non-convex and does not generally produce results significantly better than randomly tweaking parameters, so it is not feasible to use in ...


Decoding Cyclic Codes Via Gröbner Bases, Eduardo Sosa 2022 Colby College

Decoding Cyclic Codes Via Gröbner Bases, Eduardo Sosa

Honors Theses

In this paper, we analyze the decoding of cyclic codes. First, we introduce linear and cyclic codes, standard decoding processes, and some standard theorems in coding theory. Then, we will introduce Gr¨obner Bases, and describe their connection to the decoding of cyclic codes. Finally, we go in-depth into how we decode cyclic codes using the key equation, and how a breakthrough by A. Brinton Cooper on decoding BCH codes using Gr¨obner Bases gave rise to the search for a polynomial-time algorithm that could someday decode any cyclic code. We discuss the different approaches taken toward developing such an ...


Mathematical Models Of Infection Prevention Programs In Hospital Settings, Kelly A. Reagan 2022 Virginia Commonwealth University

Mathematical Models Of Infection Prevention Programs In Hospital Settings, Kelly A. Reagan

Theses and Dissertations

Hospitals play a vital role in providing for the healthcare needs of a community. Patients can develop hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) during their hospitalization due to exposure to foreign bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Infection prevention programs target and reduce HAIs, but implementing the infection prevention programs often comes with a cost. The goal of my research is to use mathematical models to quantify the impact of infection prevention programs on cases of HAIs and total healthcare costs. First, I use a Markov chain model to quantify how one infection prevention program reduces general HAIs in the hospital. Then, I calculate the ...


Reinforcement Learning: Low Discrepancy Action Selection For Continuous States And Actions, Jedidiah Lindborg 2022 Georgia Southern University

Reinforcement Learning: Low Discrepancy Action Selection For Continuous States And Actions, Jedidiah Lindborg

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In reinforcement learning the process of selecting an action during the exploration or exploitation stage is difficult to optimize. The purpose of this thesis is to create an action selection process for an agent by employing a low discrepancy action selection (LDAS) method. This should allow the agent to quickly determine the utility of its actions by prioritizing actions that are dissimilar to ones that it has already picked. In this way the learning process should be faster for the agent and result in more optimal policies.


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