(R1885) Analytical And Numerical Solutions Of A Fractional-Order Mathematical Model Of Tumor Growth For Variable Killing Rate, 2022 Pandit Deendayal Energy University

#### (R1885) Analytical And Numerical Solutions Of A Fractional-Order Mathematical Model Of Tumor Growth For Variable Killing Rate, N. Singha, C. Nahak

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

This work intends to analyze the dynamics of the most aggressive form of brain tumor, glioblastomas, by following a fractional calculus approach. In describing memory preserving models, the non-local fractional derivatives not only deliver enhanced results but also acknowledge new avenues to be further explored. We suggest a mathematical model of fractional-order Burgess equation for new research perspectives of gliomas, which shall be interesting for biomedical and mathematical researchers. We replace the classical derivative with a non-integer derivative and attempt to retrieve the classical solution as a particular case. The prime motive is to acquire both analytical and numerical solutions …

Vertex-Magic Total Labeling On G-Sun Graphs, 2022 Bridgewater State University

#### Vertex-Magic Total Labeling On G-Sun Graphs, Melissa Mejia

*Honors Program Theses and Projects*

Graph labeling is an immense area of research in mathematics, specifically graph theory. There are many types of graph labelings such as harmonious, magic, and lucky labelings. This paper will focus on magic labelings. Graph theorists are particularly interested in magic labelings because of a simple problem regarding tree graphs introduced in the 1990’s. The problem is still unsolved after almost thirty years. Researchers have studied magic labelings on other graphs in addition to tree graphs. In this paper we will consider vertex-magic labelings on G-sun graphs. We will give vertex-magic total labelings for ladder sun graphs and complete bipartite …

The Foundations Of Mathematics: Axiomatic Systems And Incredible Infinities, 2022 Bridgewater State University

#### The Foundations Of Mathematics: Axiomatic Systems And Incredible Infinities, Catherine Ferris

*Honors Program Theses and Projects*

Often, people who study mathematics learn theorems to prove results in and about the vast array of branches of mathematics (Algebra, Analysis, Topology, Geometry, Combinatorics, etc.). This helps them move forward in their understanding; but few ever question the basis for these theorems or whether those foundations are sucient or even secure. Theorems come from our foundations of mathematics, Axioms, Logic and Set Theory. In the early20th century, mathematicians set out to formalize the methods, operations and techniques people were assuming. In other words, they were formulating axioms. The most common axiomatic system is known as the Zermelo-Fraenkel axioms with …

Vertex-Magic Graphs, 2022 Bridgewater State University

#### Vertex-Magic Graphs, Karissa Massud

*Honors Program Theses and Projects*

In this paper, we will study magic labelings. Magic labelings were first introduced by Sedláček in 1963 [3]. At this time, the labels on the graph were only assigned to the edges. In 1970, Kotzig and Rosa defined what are now known as edge-magic total labelings, where both the vertices and the edges of the graph are labeled. Following this in 1999, MacDougall, Miller, Slamin, and Wallis introduced the idea of vertex-magic total labelings. There are many different types of magic labelings. In this paper will focus on vertex-magictotal labelings.

(R1454) On Reducing The Linearization Coefficients Of Some Classes Of Jacobi Polynomials, 2021 Cairo University

#### (R1454) On Reducing The Linearization Coefficients Of Some Classes Of Jacobi Polynomials, Waleed Abd-Elhameed, Afnan Ali

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

This article is concerned with establishing some new linearization formulas of the modified Jacobi polynomials of certain parameters. We prove that the linearization coefficients involve hypergeometric functions of the type _{4}F_{3}(1). Moreover, we show that the linearization coefficients can be reduced in several cases by either utilizing certain standard formulas, and in particular Pfaff-Saalschütz identity and Watson’s theorem, or via employing the symbolic algebraic algorithms of Zeilberger, Petkovsek, and van Hoeij. New formulas for some definite integrals are obtained with the aid of the developed linearization formulas.

Building Model Prototypes From Time-Course Data, 2021 University of Kentucky

#### Building Model Prototypes From Time-Course Data, David Murrugarra, Alan Veliz-Cuba

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

Fast Multipole Methods For Wave And Charge Source Interactions In Layered Media And Deep Neural Network Algorithms For High-Dimensional Pdes, 2021 Southern Methodist University

#### Fast Multipole Methods For Wave And Charge Source Interactions In Layered Media And Deep Neural Network Algorithms For High-Dimensional Pdes, Wenzhong Zhang

*Mathematics Theses and Dissertations*

In this dissertation, we develop fast algorithms for large scale numerical computations, including the fast multipole method (FMM) in layered media, and the forward-backward stochastic differential equation (FBSDE) based deep neural network (DNN) algorithms for high-dimensional parabolic partial differential equations (PDEs), addressing the issues of real-world challenging computational problems in various computation scenarios.

We develop the FMM in layered media, by first studying analytical and numerical properties of the Green's functions in layered media for the 2-D and 3-D Helmholtz equation, the linearized Poisson--Boltzmann equation, the Laplace's equation, and the tensor Green's functions for the time-harmonic Maxwell's equations and the …

On A Stochastic Model Of Epidemics, 2021 The University of Southern Mississippi

#### On A Stochastic Model Of Epidemics, Rachel Prather

*Master's Theses*

This thesis examines a stochastic model of epidemics initially proposed and studied by Norman T.J. Bailey [1]. We discuss some issues with Bailey's stochastic model and argue that it may not be a viable theoretical platform for a more general epidemic model. A possible alternative approach to the solution of Bailey's stochastic model and stochastic modeling is proposed as well. Regrettably, any further study on those proposals will have to be discussed elsewhere due to a time constraint.

Report: Spatial Facilitation-Inhibition Effects On Vegetation Distribution And Their Associated Patterns, 2021 Utah State University

#### Report: Spatial Facilitation-Inhibition Effects On Vegetation Distribution And Their Associated Patterns, Daniel D'Alessio

*All Graduate Plan B and other Reports*

Changes in the spatial distribution of vegetation respond to variations in the production and transportation mechanisms of seeds at different locations subject to heterogeneities, often because of soil characteristics. In semi-arid environments, the competition for water and nutrients pushes the superficial plant’s roots to obtain scarce resources at long ranges. In this report, we assume that vegetation biomass interacts with itself in two different ways, facilitation and inhibition, depending on the relative distances. We present a 1-dimensional Integro-difference model to represent and study the emergence of patterns in the distribution of vegetation.

Geometric Quantizations Related To The Laplace Eigenspectra Of Compact Riemannian Symmetric Spaces Via Borel-Weil-Bott Theory, 2021 Florida International University

#### Geometric Quantizations Related To The Laplace Eigenspectra Of Compact Riemannian Symmetric Spaces Via Borel-Weil-Bott Theory, Camilo Montoya

*FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

The purpose of this thesis is to suggest a geometric relation between the Laplace-Beltrami spectra and eigenfunctions on compact Riemannian symmetric spaces and the Borel-Weil theory using ideas from symplectic geometry and geometric quantization. This is done by associating to each compact Riemannian symmetric space, via Marsden-Weinstein reduction, a generalized flag manifold which covers the space parametrizing all of its maximal totally geodesic tori. In the process we notice a direct relation between the Satake diagram of the symmetric space and the painted Dynkin diagram of its associated flag manifold. We consider in detail the examples of the classical simply-connected …

Bessel-Maitland Function Of Several Variables And Its Properties Related To Integral Transforms And Fractional Calculus, 2021 Amity University

#### Bessel-Maitland Function Of Several Variables And Its Properties Related To Integral Transforms And Fractional Calculus, Ankita Chandola, Rupakshi M. Pandey, Ritu Agarwal

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

In the recent years, various generalizations of Bessel function were introduced and its various properties were investigated by many authors. Bessel-Maitland function is one of the generalizations of Bessel function. The objective of this paper is to establish a new generalization of Bessel-Maitland function using the extension of beta function involving Appell series and Lauricella functions. Some of its properties including recurrence relation, integral representation and differentiation formula are investigated. Moreover, some properties of Riemann-Liouville fractional operator associated with the new generalization of Bessel-Maitland function are also discussed.

Approximate 2-Dimensional Pexider Quadratic Functional Equations In Fuzzy Normed Spaces And Topological Vector Space, 2021 Urmia University

#### Approximate 2-Dimensional Pexider Quadratic Functional Equations In Fuzzy Normed Spaces And Topological Vector Space, Mohammad A. Abolfathi, Ali Ebadian

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

In this paper, we prove the Hyers-Ulam stability of the 2-dimensional Pexider quadratic functional equation in fuzzy normed spaces. Moreover, we prove the Hyers-Ulam stability of this functional equation, where *f*, *g* are functions defined on an abelian group with values in a topological vector space.

Axisymmetric Thermoelastic Response In A Semi-Elliptic Plate With Kassir’S Nonhomogeneity In The Thickness Direction, 2021 M.G. College, Armori

#### Axisymmetric Thermoelastic Response In A Semi-Elliptic Plate With Kassir’S Nonhomogeneity In The Thickness Direction, Sonal Bhoyar, Vinod Varghese, Lalsingh Khalsa

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

The main objective is to investigate the transient thermoelastic reaction in a nonhomogeneous semi-elliptical elastic plate heated sectionally on the upper side of the semi-elliptic region. It has been assumed that the thermal conductivity, calorific capacity, elastic modulus and thermal coefficient of expansion were varying through thickness of the nonhomogeneous material according to Kassir’s nonhomogeneity relationship. The transient heat conduction differential equation is solved using an integral transformation technique in terms of Mathieu functions. In these formulations, modified total strain energy is obtained by incorporating the resulting moment and force within the energy term, thus reducing the step of the …

Parametric Art, 2020 CUNY New York City College of Technology

#### Parametric Art, Shaun Pollard, Daanial Ahmad, Satyanand Singh

*Publications and Research*

Lissajous curves, named after Jules Antoine Lissajous (1822-1880) are generated by the parametric equations 𝑥=𝐴𝑐𝑜𝑠(𝑎𝑡) and 𝑦=𝐵𝑠𝑖𝑛(𝑏𝑡) in its simplistic form. Others have studied these curves and their applications like Nathaniel Bowditch in 1815, and they are often referred to as Bowditch curves as well. Lissajous curves are found in engineering, mathematics, graphic design, physics, and many other backgrounds. In this project entitled “Parametric Art” this project will focus on analyzing these types of equations and manipulating them to create art. We will be investigating these curves by answering a series of questions that elucidate their purpose. Using Maple, which …

The Binomial Transform Of P-Recursive Sequences And The Dilogarithm Function, 2020 University of Nebraska at Kearney

#### The Binomial Transform Of P-Recursive Sequences And The Dilogarithm Function, Stephanie L. Harshbarger, Barton L. Willis

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

Using a generalized binomial transform and a novel binomial coefficient identity, we will show that the set of p-recursive sequences is closed under the binomial transform. Using these results, we will derive a new series representation for the dilogarithm function that converges on its domain of analyticity. Finally, we will show that this series representation results in a scheme for numerical evaluation of the dilogarithm function that is accurate, efficient, and stable.

Applying The Data: Predictive Analytics In Sport, 2020 University of Washington, Tacoma

#### Applying The Data: Predictive Analytics In Sport, Anthony Teeter, Margo Bergman

*Access*: Interdisciplinary Journal of Student Research and Scholarship*

The history of wagering predictions and their impact on wide reaching disciplines such as statistics and economics dates to at least the 1700’s, if not before. Predicting the outcomes of sports is a multibillion-dollar business that capitalizes on these tools but is in constant development with the addition of big data analytics methods. Sportsline.com, a popular website for fantasy sports leagues, provides odds predictions in multiple sports, produces proprietary computer models of both winning and losing teams, and provides specific point estimates. To test likely candidates for inclusion in these prediction algorithms, the authors developed a computer model, and test …

Controlling Aircraft Yaw Movement By Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Logic, 2020 University of Technology, Iraq

#### Controlling Aircraft Yaw Movement By Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Logic, Yamama Shafeek, Laith Majeed, Rasha Naji

*Emirates Journal for Engineering Research*

Aircraft yaw movement is essential in maneuvering; it has been controlled by some methods which achieved tracking but not fast enough. This paper performs the dynamic modeling of aircraft yaw movement and develops PI and PI-like interval type-2 fuzzy logic controller for the model. The mathematical model is derived by inserting the parameters values of single-engine Navion aircraft into standard equations. Using Matlab/ Simulink platform, the controllers' effectivity is tested and verified in two different cases; system without disturbance and when system is disturbed by some wind gust to investigate the system robustness. Simulation results show that PI controller response …

Numerical Computations Of Vortex Formation Length In Flow Past An Elliptical Cylinder, 2020 University of Pittsburgh

#### Numerical Computations Of Vortex Formation Length In Flow Past An Elliptical Cylinder, Matthew Karlson, Bogdan Nita, Ashwin Vaidya

*Department of Mathematics Facuty Scholarship and Creative Works*

We examine two dimensional properties of vortex shedding past elliptical cylinders through numerical simulations. Specifically, we investigate the vortex formation length in the Reynolds number regime 10 to 100 for elliptical bodies of aspect ratio in the range 0.4 to 1.4. Our computations reveal that in the steady flow regime, the change in the vortex length follows a linear profile with respect to the Reynolds number, while in the unsteady regime, the time averaged vortex length decreases in an exponential manner with increasing Reynolds number. The transition in profile is used to identify the critical Reynolds number which marks the …

Statistical Methods For Resolving Intratumor Heterogeneity With Single-Cell Dna Sequencing, 2020 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

#### Statistical Methods For Resolving Intratumor Heterogeneity With Single-Cell Dna Sequencing, Alexander Davis

*The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)*

Tumor cells have heterogeneous genotypes, which drives progression and treatment resistance. Such genetic intratumor heterogeneity plays a role in the process of clonal evolution that underlies tumor progression and treatment resistance. Single-cell DNA sequencing is a promising experimental method for studying intratumor heterogeneity, but brings unique statistical challenges in interpreting the resulting data. Researchers lack methods to determine whether sufficiently many cells have been sampled from a tumor. In addition, there are no proven computational methods for determining the ploidy of a cell, a necessary step in the determination of copy number. In this work, software for calculating probabilities from …

Some Summation Theorems For Clausen’S Hypergeometric Functions With Unit Argument, 2020 Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University)

#### Some Summation Theorems For Clausen’S Hypergeometric Functions With Unit Argument, M. I. Qureshi, Mohammad Shadab

*Applications and Applied Mathematics: An International Journal (AAM)*

Motivated by the work on hypergeometric summation theorems, we establish new summation formula for Clausen’s hypergeometric function with unit argument in terms of pi and natural logarithms of some rational and irrational numbers. For the application purpose, we derive some new and modified summation theorems for Clausen’s hypergeometric functions using our new formula.