The Food Truck Problem, Supply Chains And Extensions Of The Newsvendor Problem, 2021 East Tennessee State University

#### The Food Truck Problem, Supply Chains And Extensions Of The Newsvendor Problem, Dennis Quayesam

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Inventory control is important to ensuring sufficient quantities of items are available tomeet demands of customers. The Newsvendor problem is a model used in Operations Research to determine optimal inventory levels for fulfilling future demands. Our study extends the newsvendor problem to a food truck problem. We used simulation to show that the food truck does not reduce to a newsvendor problem if demand depends on exogenous factors such temperature, time etc. We formulate the food truck problem as a multi-product multi-period linear program and found the dual for a single item. We use Discrete Event Simulation to solve the ...

High-Order Flexible Multirate Integrators For Multiphysics Applications, 2021 Southern Methodist University

#### High-Order Flexible Multirate Integrators For Multiphysics Applications, Rujeko Chinomona

*Mathematics Theses and Dissertations*

Traditionally, time integration methods within multiphysics simulations have been chosen to cater to the most restrictive dynamics, sometimes at a great computational cost. Multirate integrators accurately and efficiently solve systems of ordinary differential equations that exhibit different time scales using two or more time steps. In this thesis, we explore three classes of time integrators that can be classified as one-step multi-stage multirate methods for which the slow dynamics are evolved using a traditional one step scheme and the fast dynamics are solved through a sequence of modified initial value problems. Practically, the fast dynamics are subcycled using a small ...

Lexicographic Sensitivity Functions For Nonsmooth Models In Mathematical Biology, 2021 University of Maine

#### Lexicographic Sensitivity Functions For Nonsmooth Models In Mathematical Biology, Matthew D. Ackley

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Systems of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) may be used to model a wide variety of real-world phenomena in biology and engineering. Classical sensitivity theory is well-established and concerns itself with quantifying the responsiveness of such models to changes in parameter values. By performing a sensitivity analysis, a variety of insights can be gained into a model (and hence, the real-world system that it represents); in particular, the information gained can uncover a system's most important aspects, for use in design, control or optimization of the system. However, while the results of such analysis are desirable, the approach that classical ...

Research Focus: Pattern Recognition, 2021 DePaul University

#### Research Focus: Pattern Recognition

*In The Loop*

A CDM health informatics team joins a global race to advance COVID-19 diagnostics through X-ray insights.

Application Of Randomness In Finance, 2021 CUNY New York City College of Technology

#### Application Of Randomness In Finance, Jose Sanchez, Daanial Ahmad, Satyanand Singh

*Publications and Research*

Brownian Motion which is also considered to be a Wiener process and can be thought of as a random walk. In our project we had briefly discussed the fluctuations of financial indices and related it to Brownian Motion and the modeling of Stock prices.

Zeta Function Regularization And Its Relationship To Number Theory, 2021 East Tennessee State University

#### Zeta Function Regularization And Its Relationship To Number Theory, Stephen Wang

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

While the "path integral" formulation of quantum mechanics is both highly intuitive and far reaching, the path integrals themselves often fail to converge in the usual sense. Richard Feynman developed regularization as a solution, such that regularized path integrals could be calculated and analyzed within a strictly physics context. Over the past 50 years, mathematicians and physicists have retroactively introduced schemes for achieving mathematical rigor in the study and application of regularized path integrals. One such scheme was introduced in 2007 by the mathematicians Klaus Kirsten and Paul Loya. In this thesis, we reproduce the Kirsten and Loya approach to ...

Solving The Heat Equation With Interfaces, 2021 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

#### Solving The Heat Equation With Interfaces, Michael Bauer, Rex Llewellyn, Shauna Frank

*Mathematics Student Work*

When modeling systems made up of two materials with different thermodynamic properties, a physical interface can be introduced to account for the border where the materials meet. This interface separates our model’s standard grid into two regions, each with its unique physical properties. At these interfaces, boundary conditions can be imposed to represent the difference in heat and in heat flux between the different materials so that their interaction may be modeled accurately. Because standard finite difference methods are inadequate to deal with interfaces, a Matched Interface and Boundary (MIB) technique is investigated in this work to solve the ...

Parallel Computation Of Action Potentials In The Hodgkin-Huxley Model Via The Parareal Algorithm, 2021 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

#### Parallel Computation Of Action Potentials In The Hodgkin-Huxley Model Via The Parareal Algorithm, Eric Boerman, Khanh Pham, Katie Peltier

*Mathematics Student Work*

The Hodgkin-Huxley model is a system of differential equations that describe the membrane voltage of an axon as it fires the basic signal of the nervous system: the action potential. When charge-carrying ions such as sodium, potassium, and others are enabled to cross a selectively permeable membrane, the resulting current propagates along the length of the axon as a wave of altered ionic potential. However, the degree to which the membrane is permeable to sodium and potassium is itself gated by voltage; therefore, voltage depends on permeability and permeability depends on voltage. This interdependent cellular system is expressed as a ...

Ranking Of Fuzzy Numbers By Using Scaling Method, 2021 Sulaimani University

#### Ranking Of Fuzzy Numbers By Using Scaling Method, Ayad Mohammed Ramadan

*Passer Journal*

In this paper, we presented for the first time a multidimensional scaling approach to find the scaling as well as the ranking of triangular fuzzy numbers. Each fuzzy number was represented by a row in a matrix, and then found the configuration points (scale points) which represent the fuzzy numbers in . Since these points are not uniquely determined, then we presented different techniques to reconfigure the points to compare them with other methods. The results showed the ability of ranking fuzzy numbers.

Population And Evolution Dynamics In Predator-Prey Systems With Anti-Predation Responses, 2021 The University of Western Ontario

#### Population And Evolution Dynamics In Predator-Prey Systems With Anti-Predation Responses, Yang Wang

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

This thesis studies the impact of anti-predation strategy on the population dynamics of predator-prey interactions. This work includes three research projects.

In the first project, we study a system of delay differential equations by considering both benefit and cost of anti-predation response, as well as a time delay in the transfer of biomass from the prey to the predator after predation. We reveal some insights on how the anti-predation response level and the biomass transfer delay jointly affect the population dynamics; we also show how the nonlinearity in the predation term mediated by the fear effect affects the long term ...

Mathematics And Enterprise Innovation, 2021 School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China

#### Mathematics And Enterprise Innovation, Pingwen Zhang

*Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)*

The innovation and development of China are inseparable from mathematics. The development of applied mathematics, embodied in scientific discovery, national defense construction and enterprise innovation, is mainly driven by national demand. At present, China's economy has entered into a period of innovation driven development. Enterprises, as the main participants of national economic activities, need the support of mathematics for innovation and development. Regarding how to promote enterprise innovation through mathematics, this paper puts forward four aspects that we need to pay attention to and improve on: posing problems, solving problems, reporting results, and evaluating results. At the end, the ...

Compact Dupin Hypersurfaces, 2021 College of the Holy Cross

#### Compact Dupin Hypersurfaces, Thomas E. Cecil

*Mathematics Department Faculty Scholarship*

A hypersurface *M* in **R**^{n} is said to be *Dupin* if along each curvature surface, the corresponding principal curvature is constant. A Dupin hypersurface is said to be *proper Dupin* if the number of distinct principal curvatures is constant on *M*, i.e., each continuous principal curvature function has constant multiplicity on *M*. These conditions are preserved by stereographic projection, so this theory is essentially the same for hypersurfaces in **R**^{n} or S^{n} . The theory of compact proper Dupin hypersurfaces in S^{n} is closely related to the theory of isoparametric hypersurfaces in S^{n}, and many ...

Predicting Tumor Response To Radiotherapy Based On Estimation Of Non-Treatment Parameters, 2021 Lafayette College

#### Predicting Tumor Response To Radiotherapy Based On Estimation Of Non-Treatment Parameters, Yutian Huang, Allison L. Lewis

*Spora: A Journal of Biomathematics*

Though clinicians can now collect detailed information about a variety of tumor characteristics as a tumor evolves, it remains difficult to predict the efficacy of a given treatment prior to administration. Additionally, the process of data collection may be invasive and expensive. Thus, the creation of a framework for predicting patient response to treatment using only information collected prior to the start of treatment could be invaluable. In this study, we employ ordinary differential equation models for tumor growth and utilize synthetic data from a cellular automaton model for calibration. We investigate which parameters have the most influence upon treatment ...

Kleptoparasitic Hawk-Dove Games, 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

#### Kleptoparasitic Hawk-Dove Games, Isabella H. Evans-Riester, Chasity T. Kay, Karina L. Ortiz-Suarez, Jan Rychtář, Dewey Taylor

*Spora: A Journal of Biomathematics*

The Hawk-Dove game is a classical game-theoretical model of potentially aggressive animal conflicts. In this paper, we apply game theory to a population of foraging animals that may engage in stealing food from one another. We assume that the population is composed of two types of individuals, Hawks and Doves. Hawks try to escalate encounters into aggressive contests while Doves engage in non-aggressive displays between themselves or concede to aggressive Hawks. The fitness of each type depends upon various natural parameters, such as food density, the mean handling time of a food item, as well as the mean times of ...

Netsci High: Bringing Agency To Diverse Teens Through The Science Of Connected Systems, 2021 New York Hall of Science

#### Netsci High: Bringing Agency To Diverse Teens Through The Science Of Connected Systems, Stephen M. Uzzo, Catherine B. Cramer, Hiroki Sayama, Russell Faux

*Northeast Journal of Complex Systems (NEJCS)*

This paper follows NetSci High, a decade-long initiative to inspire teams of teenage researchers to develop, execute and disseminate original research in network science. The project introduced high school students to the computer-based analysis of networks, and instilled in the participants the habits of mind to deepen inquiry in connected systems and statistics, and to sustain interest in continuing to study and pursue careers in fields involving network analysis. Goals of NetSci High ranged from proximal learning outcomes (e.g., increasing high school student competencies in computing and improving student attitudes toward computing) to highly distal (e.g., preparing students ...

Conversational A.I.: Predicting Future Response Sentiment In One-On-One Dialogue, 2021 Fontbonne University

#### Conversational A.I.: Predicting Future Response Sentiment In One-On-One Dialogue, Josephine Bahr

*2021 Academic Exhibition*

This project focuses on mathematical applications for one-on-one texting conversations. Welcome to the realm of conversational A.I. (artificial intelligence), a field that also studies the commonly-known predictive text. Instead of suggesting words, however, this project will make predictions in text sentiment. Text sentiment models detect emotion in natural written language. With the development of models that can tag present emotions, this project looks to further apply the field of text sentiment. If a model exists to tag present emotion, then perhaps the tags can be used to predict future emotion. This project specifically applies this question to texting conversations ...

End-To-End Physics Event Generator, 2021 Old Dominion University

#### End-To-End Physics Event Generator, Yasir Alanazi, N. Sato, Tianbo Liu, W. Melnitchouk, Michelle P. Kuchera, Evan Pritchard, Michael Robertson, Ryan Strauss, Luisa Velasco, Yaohang Li

*College of Sciences Posters*

We apply generative adversarial network (GAN) technology to build an event generator that simulates particle production in electron-proton scattering that is free of theoretical assumptions about underlying particle dynamics. The difficulty of efficiently training a GAN event simulator lies in learning the complicated pat- terns of the distributions of the particles physical properties. We develop a GAN that selects a set of transformed features from particle momenta that can be generated easily by the generator, and uses these to produce a set of augmented features that improve the sensitivity of the discriminator. The new Feature-Augmented and Transformed GAN (FAT-GAN) is ...

A Direct Method For Modeling And Simulations Of Elliptic And Parabolic Interface Problems, 2021 Old Dominion University

#### A Direct Method For Modeling And Simulations Of Elliptic And Parabolic Interface Problems, Kumudu Gamage, Yan Peng

*College of Sciences Posters*

Interface problems have many applications in fluid dynamics, molecular biology, electromagnetism, material science, heat distribution in engines, and hyperthermia treatment of cancer. Mathematically, interface problems commonly lead to partial differential equations (PDE) whose in- put data are discontinuous or singular across the interfaces in the solution domain. Many standard numerical methods designed for smooth solutions poorly work for interface problems as solutions of the interface problems are mostly non-smoothness or discontinuous. Moving interface problems depends on the accuracy of the gradient of the solution at the interface. Therefore, it became essential to derive a method for interface problems that gives ...

The Fundamental Limit Theorem Of Countable Markov Chains, 2021 Liberty University

#### The Fundamental Limit Theorem Of Countable Markov Chains, Nathanael Gentry

*Senior Honors Theses*

In 1906, the Russian probabilist A.A. Markov proved that the independence of a sequence of random variables is not a necessary condition for a law of large numbers to exist on that sequence. Markov's sequences -- today known as Markov chains -- touch several deep results in dynamical systems theory and have found wide application in bibliometrics, linguistics, artificial intelligence, and statistical mechanics. After developing the appropriate background, we prove a modern formulation of the law of large numbers (fundamental theorem) for simple countable Markov chains and develop an elementary notion of ergodicity. Then, we apply these chain convergence results ...

Toward Improving Understanding Of The Structure And Biophysics Of Glycosaminoglycans, 2021 University of New England

#### Toward Improving Understanding Of The Structure And Biophysics Of Glycosaminoglycans, Elizabeth K. Whitmore

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are the linear carbohydrate components of proteoglycans (PGs) that mediate PG bioactivities, including signal transduction, tissue morphogenesis, and matrix assembly. To understand GAG function, it is important to understand GAG structure and biophysics at atomic resolution. This is a challenge for existing experimental and computational methods because GAGs are heterogeneous, conformationally complex, and polydisperse, containing up to 200 monosaccharides. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations come close to overcoming this challenge but are only feasible for short GAG polymers. To address this problem, we developed an algorithm that applies conformations from unbiased all-atom explicit-solvent MD simulations of short GAG polymers ...