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Evaluation Of Potential Drug Interaction Of Analgesic In Cancer Patient Receiving Palliative Care In Dharmais Cancer Hospital, Eme Stepani Sitepu, Atika Wahyu Puspitasari, Nuriza Ulul Azmi, Lila Nilam Sari 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia

Evaluation Of Potential Drug Interaction Of Analgesic In Cancer Patient Receiving Palliative Care In Dharmais Cancer Hospital, Eme Stepani Sitepu, Atika Wahyu Puspitasari, Nuriza Ulul Azmi, Lila Nilam Sari

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Analgesics are mostly used in cancer patients receiving palliative care to improve the quality of life of patients. Besides analgesics, cancer patients receiving palliative care were also given other drugs in combination to overcome other symptoms of cancer, and this combination could potentially cause drug interactions. This study was aimed to analyze the potential of drug interactions with analgesics in cancer patients. The study design was cross-sectional with a retrospective method and descriptive study. The sample of this study was cancer palliative care patient’s prescription at Dharmais Cancer Hospital in the period of January – December 2017. The sample analyzed ...


Development Of Ethanolic Extract Of Pinang Masak Jambi (Areca Catechu L.) As A Modulator Of Doxorubicin Cytotoxic Effect In Breast Cancer Therapy, Fitrianingsih Fitrianingsih, Indri Maharini, Diah Tri Utami 2020 Pharmacy Study Program, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia

Development Of Ethanolic Extract Of Pinang Masak Jambi (Areca Catechu L.) As A Modulator Of Doxorubicin Cytotoxic Effect In Breast Cancer Therapy, Fitrianingsih Fitrianingsih, Indri Maharini, Diah Tri Utami

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Doxorubicin is one of the chemotherapy agents that is often used in breast cancer therapy. Phenomenon of breast cancer cell resistance to chemotherapy agents has been traced to the molecular level. The development of compounds that can overcome drug resistance chemotherapy needs to be continuously developed, especially agents with specific molecular targets, namely P-glycoprotein (Pgp), NFkB, cyclin, and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK). Another alternative is the combination of chemotherapy agents with chemopreventive agents (co-chemotherapy) to reduce side effects and increase sensitivity of cancer cells. Doxorubicin is often used in breast cancer therapy. This study was performed to determine the effect of ...


Anti-Proliferative Effects Of A Coumarin Benjaminin On Four Human Cancer Cell Lines, Siau Hui Mah, Soek Sin Teh, Ahmad Azri Fitri Ismail, Gwendoline Cheng Lian Ee 2020 School of Biosciences, Taylor’s University, Lakeside Campus, 47500 Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia

Anti-Proliferative Effects Of A Coumarin Benjaminin On Four Human Cancer Cell Lines, Siau Hui Mah, Soek Sin Teh, Ahmad Azri Fitri Ismail, Gwendoline Cheng Lian Ee

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Cancer is a major health issue around the globe. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are no longer the standard treatments for patients as these remedies lead to many adverse effects. Thus, the development of alternative effective drugs from lead compounds, especially natural products is necessary. This study aimed to isolate cytotoxic phytochemical constituents from a plant Calophyllum inophyllum, which has been used as traditional medicine since ancient time. The root of C. inophyllum was extracted and subjected for phytochemical constituent isolation. A coumarin, benjaminin (1) was isolated successfully from the chloroform extract and its structural elucidation was performed by spectroscopy analyses ...


Ace Inhibitory Activity And Functional Group Analysis Of Solvent- Partitioned Fractions Of Eleusine Indica, Jade Celon Cometa, Liahona Faith Roldan Mancol, Anthony Nalzaro Yen, Joanne Katherine Talens Manlusoc 2020 Adamson University – College of Pharmacy, 900 San Marcelino St. Ermita Manila 1000 Philippines

Ace Inhibitory Activity And Functional Group Analysis Of Solvent- Partitioned Fractions Of Eleusine Indica, Jade Celon Cometa, Liahona Faith Roldan Mancol, Anthony Nalzaro Yen, Joanne Katherine Talens Manlusoc

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Eleusine indica Linn. Gaerth or Indian goose grass has been widely used as an alternative natural anti-hypertensive agent. However, the rationale behind this mechanism is still unknown. The purpose of this study is to confirm the presence of functional groups that may be responsible for its ACE inhibitory activity and its possible synergism. Each solvent-portioned fraction was analyzed by FTIR, individual ACE inhibitory activity, and combination of fractions. FTIR results of solvent- partitioned fractions revealed that O-H and C-H stretches were present in all fractions. In addition to this, C-O and C=O groups were also present in all fractions ...


Assessment Of Depression Among Older Adults Staying In Old Home Care In Klang, Malaysia, Muhammad Qamar, Nurul Zahirah, Sohail Ahmad 2020 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, MAHSA University, Bandar Saujana Putra, 42610 Jenjarom, Kuala Langat, Selangor, Malaysia

Assessment Of Depression Among Older Adults Staying In Old Home Care In Klang, Malaysia, Muhammad Qamar, Nurul Zahirah, Sohail Ahmad

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Mental disorders such as depression are widespread, often underdiagnosed, and usually inappropriately treated. The early recognition of factors that may promote depression with the help of depression screening aid can help to plan better care for the patient. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the depression prevalence among the older adults staying in old home care, to explore any association and differences of depression across various socio-demographic variables, and to study the predictors of depression among study subjects. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 141 elderly by using the validated tool. The study instrument was divided ...


Encapsulation Of Temulawak Extract By Using Nanocrystalline Cassava And Sago Starches And Maltodextrin, Titi Candra Sunarti, Fatimah J. Pasaribu, Christina Winarti 2020 Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB University), Indonesia

Encapsulation Of Temulawak Extract By Using Nanocrystalline Cassava And Sago Starches And Maltodextrin, Titi Candra Sunarti, Fatimah J. Pasaribu, Christina Winarti

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of Curcuma zanthorrhiza crude extract after encapsulated in nanocrystalline starch, and to investigate the effect of the ratio of nanocrystalline starches and maltodextrin; and the effect of concentration of temulawak extract on nanocapsule characteristics, as well as encapsulation effect on the stability of antioxidant activity. Preparation of nanocrystalline starch was conducted by using lintnerization and ethanol precipitation of cassava and sago starches. Nanocrystalline starch and maltodextrin were used as matrices with the ratio varied from 25:75, 50:50, and 75:25. The mixture of temulawak extract and matrices were homogenized and ...


An Exploration Of Electrospun Fibers Containing Drug-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complexes, Fatimah Fatimah, Zeynep Aytac, Tamer Uyar, George Pasparakis, Gareth R. Williams 2020 UCL School of Pharmacy, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom

An Exploration Of Electrospun Fibers Containing Drug-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complexes, Fatimah Fatimah, Zeynep Aytac, Tamer Uyar, George Pasparakis, Gareth R. Williams

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

A series of new core-shell fibers were developed containing anticancer drugs (5-fluorouracil or ferulic acid) and their cyclodextrin inclusion complexes, with a gadolinium-based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent. These were prepared by electrospinning, a simple method for producing ultra-fine fibers through the application of a strong electrostatic force on a polymer solution. The shell of the fibers was formed from Eudragit S100, and the drugs were loaded in the core. Scanning electron microscopy images showed the formation of smooth ribbon-like fibers, with diameters ranging from 1.4 to 5.1 μm, and transmission electron microscopy reveals a transparent interface ...


Interaction Of Thymidine With Sodium Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) Sulfosuccinate In Alcohol And Water: Studies With Uv-Vis Technique, Indu M. Paudel, Ajaya Bhattarai 2020 Department of Chemistry, Central Campus of Technology, Tribhuvan University, Hattisar, Dharan, Nepal

Interaction Of Thymidine With Sodium Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) Sulfosuccinate In Alcohol And Water: Studies With Uv-Vis Technique, Indu M. Paudel, Ajaya Bhattarai

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The accurate measurement of thymidine absorbance in the presence of sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (AOT) in ethanol and water systems at room temperature by UV-vis technique has been reported. The AOT concentrations varied from 0.0005 to 0.014 [mol/L] in ethanol whereas from 0.0002 to 0.042 [mol/L] in water. The concentration of thymidine was 0.0073 [mol/L] during UV-vis spectrum registration. The thymidine spectrum was examined in the presence of AOT concentration. Using a statistical method of non-linear regression (NLREG), thymidine binding and thymidine distribution constants were evaluated. A noticeable decrease in thymidine absorbance ...


Vaccines In Current Culture: The Hpv Vaccine Controversy, Alyssa Johnston 2020 Liberty University

Vaccines In Current Culture: The Hpv Vaccine Controversy, Alyssa Johnston

Senior Honors Theses

The use of vaccinations has drastically decreased mortality and morbidity rates related to infectious disease and has become an intrinsic part of modern health care. However, the fear of risks related to vaccines has been partially responsible for the decisions of many parents to delay or avoid vaccinating their children. The human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine specifically is one of the most controversial vaccines in current culture due to reports of new onset or exacerbation of autoimmune diseases, infertility, and even death following its administration. This review synthesizes information regarding the relevance and safety of the HPV vaccine, as well ...


First-In-Human Studies Of Mw01-6-189wh, A Brain-Penetrant, Antineuroinflammatory Small-Molecule Drug Candidate: Phase 1 Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetic, And Pharmacodynamic Studies In Healthy Adult Volunteers, Linda J. Van Eldik, Lumy Sawaki, Karen Bowen, Daniel T. Laskowitz, Robert J. Noveck, Byron Hauser, Lynn Jordan, Tracy G. Spears, Huali Wu, Kevin Watt, Shruti Raja, Saktimayee M. Roy, D. Martin Watterson, Jeffrey T. Guptill 2020 University of Kentucky

First-In-Human Studies Of Mw01-6-189wh, A Brain-Penetrant, Antineuroinflammatory Small-Molecule Drug Candidate: Phase 1 Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetic, And Pharmacodynamic Studies In Healthy Adult Volunteers, Linda J. Van Eldik, Lumy Sawaki, Karen Bowen, Daniel T. Laskowitz, Robert J. Noveck, Byron Hauser, Lynn Jordan, Tracy G. Spears, Huali Wu, Kevin Watt, Shruti Raja, Saktimayee M. Roy, D. Martin Watterson, Jeffrey T. Guptill

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

MW01-6-189WH (MW189) is a novel central nervous system-penetrant small-molecule drug candidate that selectively attenuates stressor-induced proinflammatory cytokine overproduction and is efficacious in intracerebral hemorrhage and traumatic brain injury animal models. We report first-in-human, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 1 studies to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of single and multiple ascending intravenous doses of MW189 in healthy adult volunteers. MW189 was safe and well tolerated in single and multiple doses up to 0.25 mg/kg, with no clinically significant concerns. The most common drug-related treatment-emergent adverse event was infusion-site reactions, likely related to drug solution acidity. No clinically ...


The Proposed Formulary Status And Evidence-Based Use Of Dupilumab (Dupixent®) For The Fda Approved Treatment Of Asthma, Katelyn Stuart, Alexis Miller, Katelyn Koebel, Karen Kier 2020 Ohio Northern University

The Proposed Formulary Status And Evidence-Based Use Of Dupilumab (Dupixent®) For The Fda Approved Treatment Of Asthma, Katelyn Stuart, Alexis Miller, Katelyn Koebel, Karen Kier

Contracts & Class Work

Each year, the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy (AMCP) holds a Pharmacy & Therapeutics (P&T) Competition for student pharmacists. In practice, P&T committees decide which medications will be on the institution or insurance company’s formulary. A formulary is a list of drugs that prescribers can use, or what insurance will cover. The committee is comprised of many different health care professionals, including a pharmacist. Together, they weigh the cost and evidence-based efficacy of each medication. The P&T competition begins when AMCP reveals the drug they have chosen for the year. Typically, it is a recently FDA approved ...


Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), Matthew Dunbar 2020 Ohio Northern University

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), Matthew Dunbar

Pharmacy Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Immunogenicity In Clinical Practice And Drug Development: When Is It Significant?, Valentina Shakhnovich, Bernd Meibohm, Amy Rosenberg, Andrzej M. Kierzek, Rachel Hasenkamp, Ryan S. Funk, Craig J. Thalhauser, Piet H. van der Graaf, Yow Ming C. Wang, Lora Hamuro 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Immunogenicity In Clinical Practice And Drug Development: When Is It Significant?, Valentina Shakhnovich, Bernd Meibohm, Amy Rosenberg, Andrzej M. Kierzek, Rachel Hasenkamp, Ryan S. Funk, Craig J. Thalhauser, Piet H. Van Der Graaf, Yow Ming C. Wang, Lora Hamuro

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

No abstract provided.


Determining The Advantageous Acute Migraine Treatment: Rimegepant And Lasmiditan Review Of Literature, Tiffany A. Johnson 2020 University of Central Florida

Determining The Advantageous Acute Migraine Treatment: Rimegepant And Lasmiditan Review Of Literature, Tiffany A. Johnson

Honors Undergraduate Theses

This research aims to evaluate two new pharmaceuticals on the market. Rimegepant and Lasmiditan target the trigeminovascular system and respectively, are characterized in the gepant and ditan classes of pharmaceuticals. Based on a review of studies, Rimegepant was determined to be the advantageous acute treatment. This is not conclusive due to inequivalent comparison in sample size and amount of research completed. It is encouraged for additional research to be imposed before a conclusive determination of the advantageous acute treatment can be distinguished.


The Effects Of Scheduling Acetaminophen And Methocarbamol Administration On Postoperative Opioid Use And Related Side Effects Among Cardiac Surgery Patients, Whitney Jamison 2020 University of Kentucky

The Effects Of Scheduling Acetaminophen And Methocarbamol Administration On Postoperative Opioid Use And Related Side Effects Among Cardiac Surgery Patients, Whitney Jamison

DNP Projects

The Effects of Scheduled Acetaminophen and Methocarbamol Administration on Postoperative Opioid Use and Related Side Effects Among Cardiac Surgery Patients

ABSTRACT

Purpose

Opioid therapy is commonly prescribed to combat surgical pain in hospitals across the United States and is associated with many negative side effects including dependence and nausea. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively examine the effects of scheduling acetaminophen and methocarbamol administration postoperatively throughout the cardiac surgery patients’ hospital stay. Through retrospective chart reviews, the aims of postoperative opioid use, postoperative opioid use according to hospital length of stay, antiemetic use, and opioid prescription at discharge ...


Novel Small Molecule Antifungals For Invasive Fungal Infections, Emily Dennis 2020 University of Kentucky

Novel Small Molecule Antifungals For Invasive Fungal Infections, Emily Dennis

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

Human fungal pathogens cause a range of diseases from benign skin conditions (i.e., ringworm) to thrush, mucosal membrane infections, and life-threatening systemic infections including bloodstream infections (i.e., aspergillosis and candidiasis) and Cryptococcal meningitis. These systemic infections occur most often in immunocompromised individuals and have high mortality rates. Current antifungal agents used in the clinic belong to three main classes: the polyenes (e.g., amphotericin B (AmB)), the echinocandins (e.g., caspofungin (CFG)), and the azoles (e.g., fluconazole (FLC)). In addition, the antimetabolite pyrimidine analogue flucytosine is used in combination with AmB. The three main classes class of ...


Correlating The Physicochemical Properties Of Magnesium Stearate With Tablet Dissolution And Lubrication, Julie L. Calahan 2020 University of Kentucky

Correlating The Physicochemical Properties Of Magnesium Stearate With Tablet Dissolution And Lubrication, Julie L. Calahan

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

Magnesium stearate (MgSt) is the most commonly used pharmaceutical excipient and is present in over half the tablet formulations on the market. In spite of its popularity as an effective lubricant, it has been repeatedly recognized that there is significant variability between MgSt samples, which can cause inconsistent lubrication between batches of MgSt. The hypothesis of this research is that the batch-to-batch variability in tablet lubrication and dissolution observed in tablet formulations containing different MgSt samples can be correlated with differences in MgSt physicochemical properties (fatty acid salt composition, crystal hydrate form, particle size and surface area). Developing correlations between ...


“May The Best Athlete Win—The Use Of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids In Athletic Sports”, Isaiah Castellanos 2020 Iowa State University

“May The Best Athlete Win—The Use Of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids In Athletic Sports”, Isaiah Castellanos

Creative Components

Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are derivatives of testosterone, which has physiological effects on sex drive and boosts muscle mass, enhancing athletic performance in men and women. Illegally, these drugs are regularly self-administered by athletes, bodybuilders, and powerlifters to improve their sportive performance. As a result, most competitive sports have banned AAS. Although, the use of synthetic derivatives has been challenging to establish allowable limits for testosterone in competition as the use of AAS has dynamically increased in both exercise and winning in competition. Testosterone may promote athletic performance, not only through its long-term anabolic actions but also through rapid behavioral effects ...


Synthesis And Applications Of Theranostic Oligonucleotides Carrying Multiple Fluorine Atoms, Valeriy G. Metelev, Alexei A. Bogdanov 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Synthesis And Applications Of Theranostic Oligonucleotides Carrying Multiple Fluorine Atoms, Valeriy G. Metelev, Alexei A. Bogdanov

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

The use of various oligonucleotide (ON) syntheses and post-synthetic strategies for targeted chemical modification enables improving their efficacy as potent modulators of gene expression levels in eukaryotic cells. However, the search still continues for new approaches designed for increasing internalization, lysosomal escape, and tissue specific delivery of ON. In this review we emphasized all aspects related to the synthesis and properties of ON derivatives carrying multifluorinated (MF) groups. These MF groups have unique physico-chemical properties because of their simultaneous hydrophobicity and lipophobicity. Such unusual combination of properties results in the overall modification of ON mode of interaction with the cells ...


3-D Homology Modeling Of Organic Anion Transporters (Oats): Defining The Biochemical Basis For Oat-Substrate Interactions, Christopher Jay 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

3-D Homology Modeling Of Organic Anion Transporters (Oats): Defining The Biochemical Basis For Oat-Substrate Interactions, Christopher Jay

Theses and Dissertations

A goal in the drug development process, as indicated by the FDA, is to evaluate a drug’s ADME profile, as potential drug interactions could exist, leading to adverse drug reactions or loss of efficacy. Transport proteins, specifically organic anion transporters (OATs) are involved in the absorption, distribution, and elimination of small, negatively charged compounds. Although there is an exhaustive list of structurally diverse organic anions which interact with OATs, interactions at a molecular level are still shrouded in mystery particularly due to the lack of a solved crystal structure. Therefore, in silico homology models (hOAT1, 2, 3) were generated ...


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