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Antioxidant And Antiaging Assays Of Ageratum Conyzoides (L.) Ethanolic Extract, Afifah B. Sutjiatmo, Novi Edriayani, Tira Endang Mulyasari, Faizal Hermanto, M. Fahrauk, Elin Y. Sukandar, Hanna Sari Widya Kusuma, Rizal Rizal, Wahyu Widowati 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jenderal Achmad Yani, Cimahi, West Java, Indonesia

Antioxidant And Antiaging Assays Of Ageratum Conyzoides (L.) Ethanolic Extract, Afifah B. Sutjiatmo, Novi Edriayani, Tira Endang Mulyasari, Faizal Hermanto, M. Fahrauk, Elin Y. Sukandar, Hanna Sari Widya Kusuma, Rizal Rizal, Wahyu Widowati

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The declining ability of tissues to repair or replace themselves and maintain their structure and normal function is called aging. Aging is caused by free radical that can induce the activation of elastase and collagenase. Ageratum conyzoides (L.) or known as Babadotan is a medicinal plant that has been reported to be a good source of antioxidants that also inhibit aging process. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the antioxidant and antiaging properties of Babadotan Ethanolic Extract (BEE). Franswoth method was used to determine the phytochemical assay of BEE. Measurement of 2,2-diphenyl 1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenger was used ...


Antifungal Activity Of Polyscias Scutellaria Fosberg Leaves Against Candida Albicans, Nada Marcha Putri, Jasmine Regita Putri, Berna Elya, Robiatul Adawiyah 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia

Antifungal Activity Of Polyscias Scutellaria Fosberg Leaves Against Candida Albicans, Nada Marcha Putri, Jasmine Regita Putri, Berna Elya, Robiatul Adawiyah

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Polyscias scutellaria Fosberg is one of the indigenous plants from Indonesia that widely used as folk medicines for several illnesses. The leaves of P. scutellaria were previously studied as an antimicrobial agent. Nonetheless, this theory of antifungal activity has never been scientifically verified. This study aimed to evaluate the antifungal activity of P. scutellaria against Candida albicans. The leaves of P. scutellaria were macerated using an ethanol solvent. Then, the extract was evaporated and dissolved by 1% DMSO into different concentrations (100 μg/mL, 200 μg/mL, 400 μg/mL, 800 μg/mL, 1600 μg/mL, 3200 μg/mL, and ...


The Anti-Proliferation Effect Of An Isolated Butanol Fraction Of Tampa Badak (Voacanga Foetida (Bl.) K. Schum) Leaves On Leukemia, Lung, And Cervical Cancer, Adriani Susanty, Dachriyanus Dachriyanus, Yanwirasti Yanwirasti, Fatma Sri Wahyuni, Andisyah Putri Sekar, Nur Alimin, Magdazaleni Magdazaleni, Sri Esky Sofia, Citra Kartika Dewi 2020 Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Farmasi Riau, Indonesia

The Anti-Proliferation Effect Of An Isolated Butanol Fraction Of Tampa Badak (Voacanga Foetida (Bl.) K. Schum) Leaves On Leukemia, Lung, And Cervical Cancer, Adriani Susanty, Dachriyanus Dachriyanus, Yanwirasti Yanwirasti, Fatma Sri Wahyuni, Andisyah Putri Sekar, Nur Alimin, Magdazaleni Magdazaleni, Sri Esky Sofia, Citra Kartika Dewi

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Voacanga foetida (Bl.) K.Schum leaves are known to have cytotoxic activity against blood cancer cells. This study was aimed to determine the potential of an isolated butanol fraction of Voacanga foetida (Bl.) K.Schum leaves (Tb3 compound) in inhibiting the proliferation of several cancer cells, including leukemia (K562), lung cancer (A549), and cervical cancer (He-La) using the dye exclusion method. We found that the percentage of anti-proliferation of the Tb3 compound was increased in a dose-dependent manner, where it showed 83% (K562), 72.3% (He-La), and 70.7% (A549) inhibition at higher concentration. These values were relatively higher compared ...


Evaluation Of Antipsychotic Activity Of Ethanolic Bark Extract Of Myrica Esculenta In Rats, Biswash Sapkota, Ankit Acharya, Bishal Dangi, Annegowda HV 2020 Sri Adichunchanagiri College of Pharmacy, B.G. Nagar-571448, India

Evaluation Of Antipsychotic Activity Of Ethanolic Bark Extract Of Myrica Esculenta In Rats, Biswash Sapkota, Ankit Acharya, Bishal Dangi, Annegowda Hv

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The antipsychotic properties of Myrica esculenta stem bark were evaluated. The stem bark was collected, shade dried, and pulverized. Extraction was carried out with 70% ethanol by occasional shaking. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the extract was investigated in this study. Antipsychotic activity was evaluated against apomorphine-induced stereotypy using cook’s pole climbing apparatus and haloperidol-induced catalepsy models. Bioamine determination of noradrenaline and dopamine was also performed. The extract contains phytochemicals, including glycosides, flavonoids, volatile oils, proteins, saponins, phenolics, and tannins. The result showed decreased apomorphine-induced stereotyped behavior. This study reported significant dose-dependent potentiation of haloperidol-induced catalepsy in rats and a ...


Anti-Muc4Β Antibodies As A Novel Therapeutic Modality For The Treatment Of Pancreatic Cancer, Catherine Orzechowski 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Anti-Muc4Β Antibodies As A Novel Therapeutic Modality For The Treatment Of Pancreatic Cancer, Catherine Orzechowski

Theses & Dissertations

The deregulation of cell surface glycoproteins, such as mucins, is a hallmark of many tumors of epithelial origin. The transmembrane mucin MUC4, is differentially overexpressed in several malignancies, including pancreatic, breast, ovarian, lung, cervical, and head and neck cancers. Of all the aforementioned cancers, the role of MUC4 has been the most thoroughly in pancreatic cancer (PC), which is the 4th leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. While MUC4 is undetectable in the normal or inflamed pancreas (pancreatitis), its expression progressively increases during PC progression and its higher expression correlates with poor survival. The role of MUC4 ...


Rilpivirine-Associated Aggregation-Induced Emission Enables Cell-Based Nanoparticle Tracking, Insiya Mukadam 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Rilpivirine-Associated Aggregation-Induced Emission Enables Cell-Based Nanoparticle Tracking, Insiya Mukadam

Theses & Dissertations

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has improved the quality and duration of life for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, limitations in drug efficacy, the emergence of viral mutations and the paucity of cell-tissue targeting remain. We posit that to maximize ART potency and therapeutic outcomes newer drug formulations that reach HIV cellular reservoirs need to be created. In a step towards achieving this goal we discovered the aggregation-induced emission (AIE) property of the non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor Rilpivirine (RPV) and used it as a platform for drug cell and subcellular tracking. RPV nanocrystals were created with endogenous AIE ...


Honey Vs. Silver Sulfadiazine In The Reepithelialization Of Partial-Thickness Burn Wounds, Andi Diamond, Monica Bowler 2020 James Madison University

Honey Vs. Silver Sulfadiazine In The Reepithelialization Of Partial-Thickness Burn Wounds, Andi Diamond, Monica Bowler

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

Objective: To determine whether silver sulfadiazine (SSD) should remain the gold standard of initial burn wound treatment or if it should be replaced with an alternative treatment that allows for faster skin cell regrowth. Methods: Database search of PubMed and Google Scholar were used to evaluate patient clinical trials with the search terms “burn”, “honey”, and “silver”. Results: Three trials met inclusion criteria. All three of the studies found significant improvement in their primary endpoint with the use of honey. The first study showed the honey group to have healing time of 13.47 +4.06 days and SSD group ...


Validation And Application Of A Novel Target-Based Whole-Cell Screen To Identify Antifungal Compounds, Christian Alexander DeJarnette 2020 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Validation And Application Of A Novel Target-Based Whole-Cell Screen To Identify Antifungal Compounds, Christian Alexander Dejarnette

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Traditional approaches to drug discovery are inefficient and have several key limitations that constrain our capacity to rapidly identify and develop novel experimental therapeutics. To address this, we have devised a second-generation target-based whole-cell screening assay based on the principles of competitive fitness, which can rapidly identify target-specific and physiologically-active compounds. Briefly, strains expressing high, intermediate, and low levels of a preselected target protein were constructed, tagged with spectrally distinct fluorescent proteins (FPs), and mixed together. The pooled strains were then grown in the presence of various small molecules, and the relative growth of each strain within the mixed culture ...


Contraceptive Methods In The United States: The Question Of Abortive Mechanisms, Tara Ferenczy 2020 Liberty University

Contraceptive Methods In The United States: The Question Of Abortive Mechanisms, Tara Ferenczy

Senior Honors Theses

This thesis reviews the many methods of contraception available in the United States. Although society’s understanding of women’s health has become a major topic, there is still a significant deficit of information regarding how the accessible methods affect women’s bodies, specifically reproductive tissue. The thesis analyzes numerous contraceptive options focusing specifically on the mechanisms of action to determine whether options have abortifacient properties so that readers may develop educated opinions regarding medical and ethical uses. Information involving strengths and limitations of each technique and the effects on both the female body and the reproductive material assist in ...


Click-Free Synthesis Of A Multivalent Tricyclic Peptide As A Molecular Transporter, Sumit Kumar, Dindyal Mandal, Shaima Ahmed El-Mowafi, Saghar Mozaffari, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari, Keykavous Parang 2020 Chapman University

Click-Free Synthesis Of A Multivalent Tricyclic Peptide As A Molecular Transporter, Sumit Kumar, Dindyal Mandal, Shaima Ahmed El-Mowafi, Saghar Mozaffari, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari, Keykavous Parang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The cellular delivery of cell-impermeable and water-insoluble molecules remains an ongoing challenge to overcome. Previously, we reported amphipathic cyclic peptides c[WR]4 and c[WR]5 consisting of alternate arginine and tryptophan residues as nuclear-targeting molecular transporters. These peptides contain an optimal balance of positive charge and hydrophobicity, which is required for interactions with the phospholipid bilayer to facilitate their application as a drug delivery system. To further optimize them, we synthesized and evaluated a multivalent tricyclic peptide as an efficient molecular transporter. The monomeric cyclic peptide building blocks were synthesized using Fmoc/tBu solid-phase chemistry and cyclization in ...


Potential Risk Factors For Mortality Due To Cardiovascular Disease Among Hemodialysed Patients In Indonesia, Diana Laila Ramatillah, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Kashif Ullah Khan 2020 Pharmacy Faculty, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

Potential Risk Factors For Mortality Due To Cardiovascular Disease Among Hemodialysed Patients In Indonesia, Diana Laila Ramatillah, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Kashif Ullah Khan

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Severe vascular calcifications, alterations in cardiovascular structure and function, immune dysfunction, and anemia are adverse effects of parathyroid hormone (PTH), which may contribute to increase risk factors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among renal failure patients. To evaluate the potential risk factors for mortality due to cardiovascular disease among hemodialysed patients in Indonesia, this cohort study was conducted. This study included 178 patients on hemodialysis who had been followed up two times a week for nine months (prospective cohort) and 185 patients who died in the last five years (retrospective cohort). Universal sampling technique were used to select the study ...


Antioxidant And Elastase Inhibitor Potential Of Petals And Receptacle Of Rose Flower (Rosa Damascena), Evi Mawarni, Chrismis Novalinda Ginting, Linda Chiuman, Ermi Girsang, Rr. Anisa Siwianti Handayani, Wahyu Widowati 2020 Universitas Prima Indonesia, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Antioxidant And Elastase Inhibitor Potential Of Petals And Receptacle Of Rose Flower (Rosa Damascena), Evi Mawarni, Chrismis Novalinda Ginting, Linda Chiuman, Ermi Girsang, Rr. Anisa Siwianti Handayani, Wahyu Widowati

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Free radicals can cause damage to cells or tissues, autoimmune diseases, degenerative diseases, or cancer. Therefore, the body needs important substances, namely antioxidants that can help protect the body by reducing negative effect from free radicals. Rose flower (Rosa damascena) has anthocyanin pigment which belongs to flavonoid group which has a function as antioxidant or free radical scavenger. This study aims to determine antioxidant and anti-elastase potentials of rose petals and receptacles. The method used in this study was a qualitative phytochemical test to determine the compounds contained in the Rose Petal Extract (RPE) and Rose Receptacle Extract (RRE), ABTS ...


Epigenetic Diet To Modulate Immune Response Against Sars-Cov-2, Andika Andika, Risa Ahdyani, Linda Erlina, Azminah Azminah, Arry Yanuar 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muhammadiyah Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Epigenetic Diet To Modulate Immune Response Against Sars-Cov-2, Andika Andika, Risa Ahdyani, Linda Erlina, Azminah Azminah, Arry Yanuar

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The COVID-19 pandemic has spread to various parts of the world and caused many deaths. The victims are infected by SARS-CoV-2, a new type of coronavirus that has appeared since December 2019 and caused respiratory symptoms, fever, coughing, and shortness of breath. In addition to social distancing, wearing masks and washing hands, diet is important as a defense of the body against SARS-CoV-2. In this review, researchers conducted epigenetic diet studies that could potentially inhibit SARS-CoV-2, and can be consumed and used on a daily basis.


A Study On The Formulation Of Plant Matrix Tablets From Coarse Botanical Materials Using Cinnamon Bark And Areca Nut As The Model Botanical Materials, Natalia Veronica, Xiu Hui Ang, Shing Ming Ooi, Celine Valeria Liew, Paul Wan Sia Heng 2020 GEA-NUS Pharmaceutical Processing Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, Singapore

A Study On The Formulation Of Plant Matrix Tablets From Coarse Botanical Materials Using Cinnamon Bark And Areca Nut As The Model Botanical Materials, Natalia Veronica, Xiu Hui Ang, Shing Ming Ooi, Celine Valeria Liew, Paul Wan Sia Heng

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Background: There is much interest in formulating botanical materials into tablets due to the compactness and ease of administration. However, tableting of coarse milled botanical materials poses a challenge due to poor tableting properties. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of wet granulation to produce tablets from coarse milled botanical materials and to assess the effect of formulation on properties of the tablets. Materials and Methods: Cinnamon bark and areca nut were milled to obtain 1–2 mm particle size, which was subsequently used in wet granulation using maltodextrin solution as a granulating liquid. Two diluents were tried; microcrystalline cellulose (MCC ...


Antagonistic Drug-Herb Interactions Between Clinacanthus Nutans And Cyclophosphamide On Wrl 68 Cell Line, Nurliana Abd Mutalib, Normala Abd Latip 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Selangor, 43200, Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Antagonistic Drug-Herb Interactions Between Clinacanthus Nutans And Cyclophosphamide On Wrl 68 Cell Line, Nurliana Abd Mutalib, Normala Abd Latip

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Clinacanthus nutans (Acanthaceae), locally known as Sabah snake grass, is popularly taken as prevention as well as treatment for cancer in Malaysia, despite lack of concrete clinical evidence. However, it is crucial to evaluate potential antagonistic, additive, or synergistic interactions that may result from the co-treatment of this plant in chemotherapy. In this study, we demonstrate the drug-herb interaction using combination treatment of C. nutans extracts and cyclophosphamide on the WRL 68 cell line. Materials and Methods: Aqueous and 70% ethanol extract of C. nutans leaves were prepared using decoction and maceration methods. MTT assay was used to test single ...


Long-Lasting, Patient-Controlled, Procedure-Free Contraception: A Review Of Annovera With A Pharmacist Perspective, Jennifer J. Virro, Kathleen Besinque, Christiane E. Carney, Danielle Gross, Brian Bernick, Sebastian Mirkin 2020 TherapeuticsMD

Long-Lasting, Patient-Controlled, Procedure-Free Contraception: A Review Of Annovera With A Pharmacist Perspective, Jennifer J. Virro, Kathleen Besinque, Christiane E. Carney, Danielle Gross, Brian Bernick, Sebastian Mirkin

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Annovera (segesterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol vaginal system) is a US Food and Drug Administration FDA-approved long-lasting, reversible contraceptive that is fully administered by the user and does not require a procedure for insertion or removal. The vaginal system is in the shape of a ring and contains low doses of a novel progestin, egesterone acetate, and ethinyl estradiol. It is made of silicone and is fully pliable and flexible. The vaginal system is reusable for 13 cycles, using a 21 days in/7 days out regimen, providing women with the ability to control their fertility. Particularly now during the ...


The Potential Roles Of Jamu For Covid-19: A Learn From The Traditional Chinese Medicine, Dwi Hartanti, Binar Asrining Dhiani, Shintia Lintang Charisma, Retno Wahyuningrum 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Indonesia

The Potential Roles Of Jamu For Covid-19: A Learn From The Traditional Chinese Medicine, Dwi Hartanti, Binar Asrining Dhiani, Shintia Lintang Charisma, Retno Wahyuningrum

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

As the pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues while there is no drug and vaccine available, every effort to discover one should be considered. This review aimed to discuss the potential use of jamu, the Indonesian traditional herbal medicine, to deal with COVID-19 by following those of more-established traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The online literature search using the PubMed database, as well as the circulars from the Indonesian Ministry of Health, were carried out to collect data up to June 07, 2020. The use of TCM for the treatment and prevention of COVID-19 has been officiated in the ...


A Mini Review : Clinically Significant Potential Drug-Drug Interactions In Covid-19 And Comorbid Therapy, Ana Khusnul Faizah, Nani Wijayanti Dyah Nurrahman, Oki Nugraha Putra 2020 Study Program of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Hang Tuah University, Surabaya, Indonesia

A Mini Review : Clinically Significant Potential Drug-Drug Interactions In Covid-19 And Comorbid Therapy, Ana Khusnul Faizah, Nani Wijayanti Dyah Nurrahman, Oki Nugraha Putra

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and can be aggravated by comorbid diseases. In administering COVID-19 therapy, we need to consider potential drug-drug interactions (pDDIs) with comorbid drugs. Most patients with comorbid diseases get polypharmacy, therefore the risk of pDDIs increases. Potential drug-drug interactions can cause unwanted effects such as toxicity to death. There is no on-label therapy for COVID-19 but FDA has Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine, azithromycin, remdesivir, ritonavir, and lopinavir. Some COVID-19 treatment potential drug-drug interactions have a level of severity C and D, so ...


Sars-Cov-2: Virology And Drug Repurposing Approaches, Ratika Rahmasari, Heri Setiawan, Rezi Riadhi Syahdi, Ayun Arifianti, Marina Ika Irianti, Rani Sauriasari, Juliann Nzembi Makau, Muhareva Raekiansyah 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia

Sars-Cov-2: Virology And Drug Repurposing Approaches, Ratika Rahmasari, Heri Setiawan, Rezi Riadhi Syahdi, Ayun Arifianti, Marina Ika Irianti, Rani Sauriasari, Juliann Nzembi Makau, Muhareva Raekiansyah

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

An emerging coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, is the causative agent for the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which has caused a worldwide social and economic disruption. Currently, no antiviral drugs with proven clinical efficacy, or vaccines for its prevention. Therefore, to combat the pandemic of this novel coronavirus, new effective treatments are urgently needed. In the process of traditional drug development, developing new drugs from scratch is a time- consuming process, requires high-investment, and is a high-risk process, which is impractical to face the immediate global challenge of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Drug repurposing strategy is one of the effective ways ...


Remdesivir: Mechanism And Effectiveness For Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), Vina Neldi, Suharjono Suharjono 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Remdesivir: Mechanism And Effectiveness For Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), Vina Neldi, Suharjono Suharjono

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Currently, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a very serious health problem. The World Health Organization (WHO) has characterized this disease as a pandemic. Recommendations related to vaccines and drugs are not available yet because they are still in the clinical trial phase, and one of the superior drugs is remdesivir which has an antiviral activity. Several clinical trials of this drug are being carried out with the aim of evaluating its safety and efficacy in COVID-19 patients. There are two clinical trials with completed recruitment status, which are NCT04257656 and NCT04280705. NCT04257656 showed that remdesivir had faster time for clinical ...


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