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Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Development Of Functionalized Imidazoles As Potential Therapeutical Agents, Drew Christopher Morgan 2019 Rowan University

Development Of Functionalized Imidazoles As Potential Therapeutical Agents, Drew Christopher Morgan

Theses and Dissertations

Imidazoles are heterocyclic small molecules that play a major role in medicinal chemistry and drug discovery. There are several drugs in the market which contain imidazoles as the pharmacophore. Metronidazole, an imidazole containing compound, is a prominent antibiotic and antiprotozoal medication used for the treatment of a variety of infections such as amoebiasis, trichomoniasis, bacterial vaginosis, etc. The current work involves the synthesis of small molecule libraries of imidazoles derived from metronidazole using Baylis-Hillman (BH) reaction. BH reaction is a carbon-carbon bond forming reaction and involves the coupling of aldehydes or imines with activated alkenes such as acrylates, acrolein, or ...


Functionalized Heterocyclics As Potential Therapeutics, Anupama Indukuri 2019 Rowan University

Functionalized Heterocyclics As Potential Therapeutics, Anupama Indukuri

Theses and Dissertations

Heterocyclic compounds play an important role in pharmaceutical drug development. Several natural products and biologically active compounds contain heterocyclic motifs in them. Multicomponent coupling reactions offer an excellent platform for the synthesis of diverse libraries of heterocyclic compounds. We have been working on the synthesis of novel heterocyclic small molecules utilizing reactions such as Baylis-Hillman reaction, Passerini reaction, Click reaction, reductive amination aldol condensation, etc.

In the current project, we prepared three series of heterocyclic compounds using Passerini and Baylis-Hillman reactions as key steps. Owing to the importance of heterocyclic chemistry in drug discovery and the ease of synthesis, the ...


Development Of An Imaging Analysis Algorithm For Fluorescence-Based High Content Screening In Parkinson’S Disease, Ryan Arlinghaus 2019 Purdue University

Development Of An Imaging Analysis Algorithm For Fluorescence-Based High Content Screening In Parkinson’S Disease, Ryan Arlinghaus

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


A Pharmacological Model Of Trpa1-Mediated Nociception In Zebrafish For Therapeutic Discovery, Emre Coskun 2019 Purdue University

A Pharmacological Model Of Trpa1-Mediated Nociception In Zebrafish For Therapeutic Discovery, Emre Coskun

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Design And Synthesis Of Pyrimidine Based Heterocycles As Potential Anti-Cancer Agents With Combination Chemotherapeutic Potential Or Targeted One Carbon Metabolism Inhibition And Anti-Opportunistic Agents, Arpit Doshi 2019 Duquesne University

Design And Synthesis Of Pyrimidine Based Heterocycles As Potential Anti-Cancer Agents With Combination Chemotherapeutic Potential Or Targeted One Carbon Metabolism Inhibition And Anti-Opportunistic Agents, Arpit Doshi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes the design, synthesis and biological evaluation of monocyclic, bicyclic and tricyclic pyrimidine-based heterocycles as a) single agents with combination chemotherapy potential having dual antiangiogenic effects and cytotoxic effects or b) one-carbon metabolism inhibitors for targeted tumor therapy; or c) selective Pneumocystis jirovecii (pj) dihydrofolate reductase (pjDHFR) inhibitors for pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) infection.

The work in this dissertation is centered on identifying structural features that are necessary for inhibition of tubulin polymerization or thymidylate synthase as well as for inhibition of one or more of the receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs)- vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2), epidermal growth ...


Dual Inhibition Of The Pi3k/Akt And Mek5/Erk5 Pathways For The Treatment Of Breast Cancer, Thomas Douglas Wright 2019 Duquesne University

Dual Inhibition Of The Pi3k/Akt And Mek5/Erk5 Pathways For The Treatment Of Breast Cancer, Thomas Douglas Wright

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease state with several challenging frontiers. In particular, aberrations in the Phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) and Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) pathways have been linked to increased breast cancer proliferation and survival. It has been proposed that these survival characteristics are enhanced through compensatory signaling and crosstalk mechanisms. New evidence suggests that MEK5/ERK5, a member of the MAPK family, is a crucial component in the proliferation and survival of several aggressive cancers. We hypothesize that inhibiting both PI3K/Akt and MEK5/ERK5 pathways will decrease cell viability while maintaining limited collateral toxicity. In this study, we ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Long-Acting Rilpivirine Prodrugs, James R. Hilaire 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Synthesis And Characterization Of Long-Acting Rilpivirine Prodrugs, James R. Hilaire

Theses & Dissertations

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) requires lifelong daily dosing to suppress viral replication, restore or maintain immune function and improve quality of life. As an alternative, long-acting (LA) antiretrovirals (ARVs) aim to deliver therapeutic drug concentrations over an extended period, ultimately requiring monthly or even more extended dosing intervals. Specifically, the success of recent clinical trials examining LA cabotegravir and rilpivirine (CAB and RPV LA) highlight the advent of these novel HIV-1 therapeutics. Further optimization of LA dosage forms are required and rests upon improving dosing frequency, injection volumes and tissue distribution to viral compartments. To this end, we report the synthesis ...


Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Solution Structure And Functional Behavior Of The Human Proton Channel, Monika Bayrhuber, Innokentiy Maslennikov, Witek Kwiatkowski, Alexander Sobol, Christoph Wierschem, Cédric Eichmann, Lukas Frey, Roland Riek 2019 ETH Zürich

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Solution Structure And Functional Behavior Of The Human Proton Channel, Monika Bayrhuber, Innokentiy Maslennikov, Witek Kwiatkowski, Alexander Sobol, Christoph Wierschem, Cédric Eichmann, Lukas Frey, Roland Riek

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The human voltage-gated proton channel [Hv1(1) or VSDO(2)] plays an important role in the human innate immune system. Its structure differs considerably from those of other cation channels. It is built solely of a voltage-sensing domain and thus lacks the central pore domain, which is essential for other cation channels. Here, we determined the solution structure of an N- and C-terminally truncated human Hv1 (Δ-Hv1) in the resting state by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Δ-Hv1 comprises the typical voltage-sensing antiparallel four-helix bundle (S1–S4) preceded by an amphipathic helix (S0). The solution structure corresponds to an intermediate ...


Pentaerythritol-Based Lipid A Bolsters The Antitumor Efficacy Of A Polyanhydride Particle-Based Cancer Vaccine, Emad I. Wafa, Sean M. Geary, Kathleen A. Ross, Jonathan T. Goodman, Balaji Narasimhan, Aliasger K. Salem 2019 University of Iowa

Pentaerythritol-Based Lipid A Bolsters The Antitumor Efficacy Of A Polyanhydride Particle-Based Cancer Vaccine, Emad I. Wafa, Sean M. Geary, Kathleen A. Ross, Jonathan T. Goodman, Balaji Narasimhan, Aliasger K. Salem

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The primary objective of this study was to enhance the antitumor efficacy of a model cancer vaccine through co-delivery of pentaerythritol lipid A (PELA), an immunological adjuvant, and a model tumor antigen, ovalbumin (OVA), separately loaded into polyanhydride particles (PA). In vitro experiments showed that encapsulation of PELA into PA (PA-PELA) significantly enhanced its stimulatory capacity on dendritic cells as evidenced by increased levels of the cell surface costimulatory molecules, CD80/CD86. In vivo experiments showed that PA-PELA, in combination with OVA-loaded PA (PA-OVA), significantly expanded the OVA-specific CD8+ T lymphocyte population compared to PA-OVA alone. Furthermore, serum OVA-specific antibody ...


Halogen Bonding Increases The Potency And Isozyme-Selectivity Of Protein Arginine Deiminase 1 Inhibitors, Santanu Mondal, Xuefeng Gong, Xiaoqian Zhang, Ari J. Salinger, Li Zheng, Sudeshna Sen, Eranthie Weerapana, Xuesen Zhang, Paul R. Thompson 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Halogen Bonding Increases The Potency And Isozyme-Selectivity Of Protein Arginine Deiminase 1 Inhibitors, Santanu Mondal, Xuefeng Gong, Xiaoqian Zhang, Ari J. Salinger, Li Zheng, Sudeshna Sen, Eranthie Weerapana, Xuesen Zhang, Paul R. Thompson

University of Massachusetts Medical School Publications

Protein Arginine Deiminases (PADs) hydrolyze the side chain of arginine to form citrulline. Aberrant PAD activity is associated with rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, lupus, and certain cancers. These pathologies established the PADs as therapeutic targets and multiple PAD inhibitors are known. Herein, we describe the first highly potent PAD1-selective inhibitors (1 and 19). Detailed structure-activity relationships indicate that their potency and selectivity is due to the formation of a halogen bond with PAD1. Importantly, these inhibitors inhibit histone H3 citrullination in HEK293TPAD1 cells and mouse zygotes with excellent potency. Based on this scaffold, we also developed a PAD1-selective activity-based probe ...


Edb-Fn Targeted Peptide–Drug Conjugates For Use Against Prostate Cancer, Shang Eun Park, Kiumars Shamloo, Timothy A. Kristedja, Shaban Darwish, Marco Bisoffi, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari 2019 Chapman University

Edb-Fn Targeted Peptide–Drug Conjugates For Use Against Prostate Cancer, Shang Eun Park, Kiumars Shamloo, Timothy A. Kristedja, Shaban Darwish, Marco Bisoffi, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common malignancy in men and is the leading cause of cancer-related male mortality. A disulfide cyclic peptide ligand [CTVRTSADC] 1 has been previously found to target extra domain B of fibronectin (EDB-FN) in the extracellular matrix that can dierentiate aggressive PCa from benign prostatic hyperplasia. We synthesized and optimized the stability of ligand 1 by amide cyclization to obtain [KTVRTSADE] 8 using Fmoc/tBu solid-phase chemistry. Optimized targeting ligand 8 was found to be stable in phosphate buered saline (PBS, pH 6.5, 7.0, and 7.5) and under redox conditions, with a ...


Study Of Blood Viscosity With Added Sodium Nitrate And Temperature Variance: A Potential Therapy To Regulate Blood Flow After Induced Hypothermia, Brianna Munnich 2019 Olivet Nazarene University

Study Of Blood Viscosity With Added Sodium Nitrate And Temperature Variance: A Potential Therapy To Regulate Blood Flow After Induced Hypothermia, Brianna Munnich

Pence-Boyce STEM Student Scholarship

The human body has natural systems for vasodilation which are fueled by nitric oxide production, but in cases of cardiac disfunction and stress nitric oxide can be inhibited. In this study, nitric oxide was studied as a mediator for the blood rush experienced from the warming after induced hypothermia. Nitric oxide (NO) was introduced through sodium nitrate, which was aimed to reduce the speed and turbulence of blood flow through interaction between NO and the active site of hemoglobin. A viscometer was used to examine the rate of blood flow, while the temperature was varied to simulate the conditions of ...


Molecular Recognition Of M1-Linked Ubiquitin Chains By Native And Phosphorylated Uban Domains, Lina Herhaus, Henry van den Bedem, Sean Teng, Innokentiy Maslennikov, Soichi Wakatsuki, Ivan Dikic, Simin Rahighi 2019 Goethe University

Molecular Recognition Of M1-Linked Ubiquitin Chains By Native And Phosphorylated Uban Domains, Lina Herhaus, Henry Van Den Bedem, Sean Teng, Innokentiy Maslennikov, Soichi Wakatsuki, Ivan Dikic, Simin Rahighi

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Although the Ub-binding domain in ABIN proteins and NEMO (UBAN) is highly conserved, UBAN-containing proteins exhibit different Ub-binding properties, resulting in their diverse biological roles. Post-translational modifications further control UBAN domain specificity for poly-Ub chains. However, precisely, how the UBAN domain structurally confers such functional diversity remains poorly understood. Here we report crystal structures of ABIN-1 alone and in complex with one or two M1-linked di-Ub chains. ABIN-1 UBAN forms a homo-dimer that provides two symmetrical Ub-binding sites on either side of the coiled-coil structure. Moreover, crystal structures of ABIN1 UBAN in complex with di-Ub chains reveal a concentration-dependency of ...


A Comprehensive Review Of Pegvaliase, An Enzyme Substitution Therapy For The Treatment Of Phenylketonuria, Tasmina Hydery, Valerie Azzopardi Coppenrath 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Comprehensive Review Of Pegvaliase, An Enzyme Substitution Therapy For The Treatment Of Phenylketonuria, Tasmina Hydery, Valerie Azzopardi Coppenrath

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Objective: To review the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, safety, and place in therapy of a phenylalanine-metabolizing enzyme indicated to reduce blood phenylalanine concentrations, pegvaliase injection.

Data Sources: Searches of MEDLINE (1946-September 1, 2018) were conducted using the terms pegvaliase and phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL). Additional data were obtained from the prescribing information, the product dossier obtained from the manufacturer, and Clinicaltrials.gov.

Study Selection and Data Extraction: All English language articles related to pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, or safety of the combination therapy in human subjects were reviewed.

Data Synthesis: Pegvaliase is a pegylated PAL enzyme that converts phenylalanine to ammonia and ...


Modification And Characterization Of Chloro-Sugar Derivatives As Anti-Bacterial Agents, Mansi Jani 2019 Rowan University

Modification And Characterization Of Chloro-Sugar Derivatives As Anti-Bacterial Agents, Mansi Jani

Theses and Dissertations

Sucralose is an artificial sugar substitute which is most commonly used sweetener among other artificial sweeteners. It is derived from sucrose through a complex chemical process that selectively substitutes three atoms of chlorine for three hydroxyl groups on sucrose molecule, which have shown some inhibition of bacterial growth in gut. The goal of the project was to substitute halide in sucralose in a way that it sustains potential anti-bacterial activity along with sweetening effect, which can be then incorporated into mouthwash formulation. Sucralose is very stable molecule and it also has other physico-chemical advantages which are suitable for our anticipated ...


Small‐Molecule Activators Of Glucose‐6‐Phosephate Dehydrogenase (G6pd) Bridging The Dimer Interface, Andrew G. Raub, Sunhee Hwang, Naoki Horikoshi, Anna D. Cunningham, Simin Rahighi, Soichi Wakatsuki, Daria Mochly-Rosen 2019 Stanford University

Small‐Molecule Activators Of Glucose‐6‐Phosephate Dehydrogenase (G6pd) Bridging The Dimer Interface, Andrew G. Raub, Sunhee Hwang, Naoki Horikoshi, Anna D. Cunningham, Simin Rahighi, Soichi Wakatsuki, Daria Mochly-Rosen

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

We have recently identified AG1, a small-molecule activator that functions by promoting oligomerization of glucose-6- phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) to the catalytically competent forms. Biochemical experiments indicate activation of G6PD by the original hit molecule (AG1) is noncovalent and that one C2-symmetric region of the G6PD homodimer is important for ligand function. Consequently, the disulfide in AG1 is not required for activation of G6PD and a number of analogs were prepared without this reactive moiety. Our Study supports a mechanism of action whereby AG1 bridges the dimer interface at the structural nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP+)-binding sites of two interacting ...


Development Of Approaches Of Tumor Trapping Enhanced Bb2r-Targeted Radiopharmaceuticals For Prostate Cancer, Wenting Zhang 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Development Of Approaches Of Tumor Trapping Enhanced Bb2r-Targeted Radiopharmaceuticals For Prostate Cancer, Wenting Zhang

Theses & Dissertations

The Gastrin-Releasing Peptide Receptor (BB2r) has been intensively investigated as a cancer target over the years. Numerous diagnostic and therapeutic BB2r-targeted agents have been developed for various solid tumors, including prostate cancers, due to the high expression level of BB2r on neoplastic relative to normal tissues. The development of those targeted agents have mainly utilized the modified c-terminal of bombesin(BBN), a peptide that has nanomolar binding affinity to human BB2r. However, a major issue that hinders the clinical translational potential of low-molecular weight, receptor-targted agents, is their short residence time at tumor tissues due to the intrinsically high diffusion ...


Integration Of Native American Medicinal Plants Into The Heber W. Youngken Jr. Garden, Emily Lyn Murray 2019 University of Rhode Island

Integration Of Native American Medicinal Plants Into The Heber W. Youngken Jr. Garden, Emily Lyn Murray

Senior Honors Projects

Healthcare among Native American tribes was focused on all aspects of a patient’s life, such as physical, spiritual, and environmental elements. Healthy outcomes were obtained by maintaining a balance among all of these components. This “bio-psycho-socio-spiritual” approach to healthcare was thought to not only play a role in the health of a certain individual, but the health of the tribe as a whole. An illness was not only precipitated by a physical source, but by an imbalance of these components. Medicinal plants served as an integral role in direct physical healing, as well as an important element for the ...


Experimental Pharmacological Research Regarding Some New Quinazolin-4-Ones Derivatives, Cornel Chiriță, Emil Ștefănescu, Cristina E. Zbârcea, Simona Negreș, Mihaela Bratu, Diana C. Nuță, Carmen Limban, Ileana C. Chiriță, Cristina D. Marineci 2019 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania

Experimental Pharmacological Research Regarding Some New Quinazolin-4-Ones Derivatives, Cornel Chiriță, Emil Ștefănescu, Cristina E. Zbârcea, Simona Negreș, Mihaela Bratu, Diana C. Nuță, Carmen Limban, Ileana C. Chiriță, Cristina D. Marineci

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

A series of new compounds with quinazolin-4-one structure, synthesized by the Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department of the Faculty of Pharmacy of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila” Bucharest, was studied. Five of them were selected, conventionally named S1, S2, S3, S4, S5, and investigated in terms of their potential influence on the central nervous system (CNS). For this purpose, the antidepressant effect was determined using the forced swimming test; the anxiolytic/ anxiogenic effect was determined using the suspended plus-shaped maze (Ugo Basile); the effect on the motor activity was determined using the Ugo Basile activity cage; and the potential ...


Sensory Primary Cilium Is A Responsive Camp Microdomain In Renal Epithelia, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Dagmar Wachten, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Surya M. Nauli 2019 Chapman University

Sensory Primary Cilium Is A Responsive Camp Microdomain In Renal Epithelia, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Dagmar Wachten, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Primary cilia are hair-like cellular extensions that sense microenvironmental signals surrounding cells. The role of adenylyl cyclases in ciliary function has been of interest because the product of adenylyl cyclase activity, cAMP, is relevant to cilia-related diseases. In the present study, we show that vasopressin receptor type-2 (V2R) is localized to cilia in kidney epithelial cells. Pharmacologic inhibition of V2R with tolvaptan increases ciliary length and mechanosensory function. Genetic knockdown of V2R, however, does not have any effect on ciliary length, although the effect of tolvaptan on ciliary length is dampened. Our study reveals that tolvaptan may have a cilia-specific ...


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