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Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Synthesis And Applications Of Theranostic Oligonucleotides Carrying Multiple Fluorine Atoms, Valeriy G. Metelev, Alexei A. Bogdanov 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Synthesis And Applications Of Theranostic Oligonucleotides Carrying Multiple Fluorine Atoms, Valeriy G. Metelev, Alexei A. Bogdanov

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

The use of various oligonucleotide (ON) syntheses and post-synthetic strategies for targeted chemical modification enables improving their efficacy as potent modulators of gene expression levels in eukaryotic cells. However, the search still continues for new approaches designed for increasing internalization, lysosomal escape, and tissue specific delivery of ON. In this review we emphasized all aspects related to the synthesis and properties of ON derivatives carrying multifluorinated (MF) groups. These MF groups have unique physico-chemical properties because of their simultaneous hydrophobicity and lipophobicity. Such unusual combination of properties results in the overall modification of ON mode of interaction with the cells ...


Oral Contraceptives As Possible Acl Injury Prevention Method, Haley Schweizer 2020 Arcadia University

Oral Contraceptives As Possible Acl Injury Prevention Method, Haley Schweizer

Capstone Showcase

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries are an upsetting setback for many athletes that require a long and costly recovery process. The injury rates are four times greater in women than men. Preventative measures that help to prevent ACL injuries are limited to stretching and strengthening. Therefore, this review aims to investigate if oral contraceptive [I] usage provides a possible new avenue for prevention of ACL injury [O] in young female athletes (ages 18-30) [P] compared to those that do not take oral contraceptives [C].

Methods: A literature review was performed though PubMed, Google Scholar, SCOPUS Database, and ClinicalKey ...


Clinical Risk Assessment In Early Pregnancy For Preeclampsia In Nulliparous Women: A Population Based Cohort Study, Anna Sandstrom, Jonathan Snowden, Jonas Höijer, Matteo Bottai, Anna-Karin Wikström 2020 Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Clinical Risk Assessment In Early Pregnancy For Preeclampsia In Nulliparous Women: A Population Based Cohort Study, Anna Sandstrom, Jonathan Snowden, Jonas Höijer, Matteo Bottai, Anna-Karin Wikström

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Objective

To evaluate the capacity of multivariable prediction of preeclampsia during pregnancy, based on detailed routinely collected early pregnancy data in nulliparous women.

Design and setting

A population-based cohort study of 62 562 pregnancies of nulliparous women with deliveries 2008–13 in the Stockholm-Gotland Counties in Sweden.

Methods

Maternal social, reproductive and medical history and medical examinations (including mean arterial pressure, proteinuria, hemoglobin and capillary glucose levels) routinely collected at the first visit in antenatal care, constitute the predictive variables. Predictive models for preeclampsia were created by three methods; logistic regression models using 1) pre-specified variables (similar to the Fetal ...


Glucocorticoids Rapidly Activate Camp Production Via GΑs To Initiate Non-Genomic Signaling That Contributes To One-Third Of Their Canonical Genomic Effects, Francisco J. Nuñez, Timothy B. Johnstone, Maia L. Corpuz, Austin G. Kazarian, Nicole N. Mohajer, Omar Tliba, Reynold A. Pannettieri Jr., Cynthia J. Koziol-White, Moom Roosan, Rennolds S. Ostrom 2019 Chapman University

Glucocorticoids Rapidly Activate Camp Production Via GΑs To Initiate Non-Genomic Signaling That Contributes To One-Third Of Their Canonical Genomic Effects, Francisco J. Nuñez, Timothy B. Johnstone, Maia L. Corpuz, Austin G. Kazarian, Nicole N. Mohajer, Omar Tliba, Reynold A. Pannettieri Jr., Cynthia J. Koziol-White, Moom Roosan, Rennolds S. Ostrom

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Glucocorticoids are widely used for the suppression of inflammation, but evidence is growing that they can have rapid, non-genomic actions that have been unappreciated. Diverse cell signaling effects have been reported for glucocorticoids, leading us to hypothesize that glucocorticoids alone can swiftly increase the 3′,5′-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production. We found that prednisone, fluticasone, budesonide, and progesterone each increased cAMP levels within 3 minutes without phosphodiesterase inhibitors by measuring real-time cAMP dynamics using the cAMP difference detector in situ assay in a variety of immortalized cell lines and primary human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells. A membrane- impermeable ...


Design And Biological Evaluation Of Colchicine-Cd44-Targeted Peptide Conjugate In An In Vitro Model Of Crystal Induced Inflammation, Khalid A. Zoghebi, Emira Bousoik, Keykavous Parang, Khaled A. Elsaid 2019 Chapman University

Design And Biological Evaluation Of Colchicine-Cd44-Targeted Peptide Conjugate In An In Vitro Model Of Crystal Induced Inflammation, Khalid A. Zoghebi, Emira Bousoik, Keykavous Parang, Khaled A. Elsaid

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Gout is an inflammatory arthritis due to the joint deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals. Phagocytosis of MSU crystals by tissue macrophages results in the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and production of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Colchicine use in gout is limited by severe toxicity. CD44 is a transmembrane glycoprotein that is highly expressed in tissue macrophages and may be involved in gout pathogenesis. The P6 peptide is a 20-amino acid residue peptide that binds to CD44. We hypothesized that the conjugation of colchicine to the P6 peptide would reduce its off-target cytotoxicity while preserving its anti-inflammatory effect ...


Design, Synthesis, & Biological Evaluation Of Novel Het-Aromatic/Aromatic Analogs For The Treatment Of Hiv, Cancer, & Cognitive Dysfunctions, MOHIT GUPTA 2019 Duquesne University

Design, Synthesis, & Biological Evaluation Of Novel Het-Aromatic/Aromatic Analogs For The Treatment Of Hiv, Cancer, & Cognitive Dysfunctions, Mohit Gupta

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cyclophilin A are a class of peptidyl-prolyl isomerases that catalyzes isomerization of the proline residue within a protein. Cyclophilin A plays an instrumental role in the pathogenesis of HIV and HCV virus. Using structure-based drug we designed and synthesized small molecule inhibitors of cyclophilin A. These inhibitors were biologically evaluated for their ability to inhibit WT HIV-1 inhibition.

Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase signaling cascades plays a critical role in cancer cell survival, metastasis, and chemo-resistance. The MEK5/ERK5 pathway, which is a member of MAPK signaling cascade, is involved in cell survival, anti-apoptotic signaling, angiogenesis, and cell motility. It is found ...


Identification Of More Potent And Efficacious Analogs Of The Novel Host-Derived Immunostimulant Ep67, Abdul Alshammari 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Identification Of More Potent And Efficacious Analogs Of The Novel Host-Derived Immunostimulant Ep67, Abdul Alshammari

Theses & Dissertations

EP67 is a human C5a-derived decapeptide agonist of C5a Receptor 1 (C5aR1/CD88) that selectively activates mononuclear phagocytes over neutrophils to stimulate protective innate and adaptive immune responses while potentially minimizing neutrophil-mediated toxicity. Two N-alkyl amino acids Pro7 and N-methyl-Leu8 (nme-Leu8) within EP67 induce structural changes that increase potency and selective activation of mononuclear phagocytes over neutrophils. Cis/trans isomerization at these positions, however, likely limits the activity of EP67 and low coupling efficiency between Pro7 and nme-Leu8 increases scale-up costs for clinical use. Thus, the goals of this study were to (i ...


Computational Studies And Design Of Pparγ And Glut1 Inhibitors, Suliman Almahmoud 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Computational Studies And Design Of Pparγ And Glut1 Inhibitors, Suliman Almahmoud

Theses & Dissertations

The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a ligand-dependent transcription factor of the nuclear receptor superfamily that controls the expression of a variety of genes involved in fatty acid metabolism, adipogenesis, and insulin sensitivity. PPARγ is a target for insulin-sensitizing drugs, and it plays a significant function in prostate cancer. PPARγ antagonists have anti-proliferative effects in a broad range of hematopoietic and epithelial cell lines. The ligand binding domain (LBD) of PPARγ is large and has orthosteric and allosteric binding sites. Several PPARγ-ligand co-crystal structures show two bound molecules, one to the orthosteric pocket and a second to the allosteric ...


Drug Interactions With Antimalarial Medications In Older Travelers: A Clinical Guide, Jelena Lewis, Tania Gregorian, Ivan Portillo, Jeff Goad 2019 Chapman University

Drug Interactions With Antimalarial Medications In Older Travelers: A Clinical Guide, Jelena Lewis, Tania Gregorian, Ivan Portillo, Jeff Goad

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Increasingly older adults are traveling to international destinations with malaria as a present risk. Surveillance systems indicate that older adults are more likely to suffer severe complications from malaria. The role of health care providers in selecting an appropriate medication for chemoprophylaxis or treatment of malaria in adults becomes more difficult as older adults undergo physiologic changes that alter the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic nature of medications potentially causing increased drug interactions, adverse events, and altered drug action. A comprehensive literature search from 1970 to present, with a focus on the last 10 years, was conducted on drug interactions, pharmacokinetic and ...


Budesonide Enhances Agonist-Induced Bronchodilation In Human Small Airways By Increasing Camp Production In Airway Smooth Muscle, Cynthia J. Koziol-White, Timothy B. Johnstone, Maia L. Corpuz, Gaoyuan Cao, Sarah Orfanos, Vishal Parikh, Brian Deeney, Omar Tliba, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Ian Dainty, Reynold A. Panettieri Jr. 2019 Rutgers University - New Brunswick/Piscataway

Budesonide Enhances Agonist-Induced Bronchodilation In Human Small Airways By Increasing Camp Production In Airway Smooth Muscle, Cynthia J. Koziol-White, Timothy B. Johnstone, Maia L. Corpuz, Gaoyuan Cao, Sarah Orfanos, Vishal Parikh, Brian Deeney, Omar Tliba, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Ian Dainty, Reynold A. Panettieri Jr.

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The non-genomic mechanisms by which glucocorticoids modulate β2 agonist-induced-bronchodilation remain elusive. Our studies aimed to elucidate mechanisms mediating the beneficial effects of glucocorticoids on agonist-induced bronchodilation. Utilizing human precision cut lung slices (hPCLS), we measured bronchodilation to formoterol, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), cholera toxin (CTX) or forskolin in the presence and absence of budesonide. Using cultured human airway smooth muscle (HASM), intracellular cAMP was measured in live cells following exposure to formoterol, PGE2, or forskolin in the presence or absence of budesonide. We showed that simultaneous budesonide administration amplified formoterol-induced bronchodilation and attenuated agonist-induced phosphorylation of myosin ...


The Effect Of Cyp3a5 Polymorphism On Kidney Transplant Recipients Given Tacrolimus, Samia Alam, Sunitha Johns, Haval Norman, Brian Heilbronner, Yousif Rojeab 2019 Ohio Northern University

The Effect Of Cyp3a5 Polymorphism On Kidney Transplant Recipients Given Tacrolimus, Samia Alam, Sunitha Johns, Haval Norman, Brian Heilbronner, Yousif Rojeab

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Tacrolimus, an immunosuppressant agent indicated for organ transplants, is commonly administered to reduce the risk of renal graft rejection in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD). Due to its narrow therapeutic index and high inter-patient variability, studies have suggested that CYP3A5-based dosing provides specialized regimens which may significantly improve the chances of achieving therapeutic concentrations. According to the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) recommendations, extensive (CYP3A5*1/*1) and intermediate metabolizers (CYP3A5*1/*3) require a higher initial dose while poor metabolizers (CYP3A5*3/*3) require a lower initial dose in order to achieve ...


Heterogeneity And Plasticity Of Human Breast Cancer Cells In Response To Molecularly-Targeted Drugs, Emira Bousoik, Ramina Nabiee, Farideh Amirrad, Ashley Nichols, Rebecca Witt, Parvin Mahdipoor, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi 2019 Chapman University

Heterogeneity And Plasticity Of Human Breast Cancer Cells In Response To Molecularly-Targeted Drugs, Emira Bousoik, Ramina Nabiee, Farideh Amirrad, Ashley Nichols, Rebecca Witt, Parvin Mahdipoor, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Non-responsive subpopulation of tumor cells, and acquired resistance in initially responsive cells are major challenges for cancer therapy with molecularly-targeted drugs. While point mutations are considered the major contributing factor to acquired resistance, in this study we explored the role of heterogeneity and plasticity of selected human breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468, and AU565) in their initial and adjusted response, respectively, to ruxolitinib, everolimus, and erlotinib. After determination of lethal concentration for 50% cell death (LC50), cells were exposed to selected drugs using three different approaches: single exposure to 4 × LC50 and collection of surviving cells, multiple exposures to ...


Inhibiting Pad2 Enhances The Anti-Tumor Effect Of Docetaxel In Tamoxifen-Resistant Breast Cancer Cells, Fujun Li, Lixia Miao, Teng Xue, Hao Qin, Santanu Mondal, Paul R. Thompson, Scott A. Coonrod, Xiaoqiu Liu, Xuesen Zhang 2019 Nanjing Medical University

Inhibiting Pad2 Enhances The Anti-Tumor Effect Of Docetaxel In Tamoxifen-Resistant Breast Cancer Cells, Fujun Li, Lixia Miao, Teng Xue, Hao Qin, Santanu Mondal, Paul R. Thompson, Scott A. Coonrod, Xiaoqiu Liu, Xuesen Zhang

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

BACKGROUND: Tamoxifen resistance presents a huge clinical challenge for breast cancer patients. An understanding of the mechanisms of tamoxifen resistance can guide development of efficient therapies to prevent drug resistance.

METHODS: We first tested whether peptidylarginine deiminase 2 (PAD2) may be involved in tamoxifen-resistance in breast cancer cells. The effect of depleting or inhibiting PAD2 in tamoxifen-resistant MCF-7 (MCF7/TamR) cells was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. We then investigated the potential of Cl-amidine, a PAD inhibitor, to be used in combination with tamoxifen or docetaxel, and further explored the mechanism of the synergistic and effective drug regimen ...


Medication Overdoses In The Emergency Department: Oral Hypoglycemic Agents, Atypical Antipsychotic Agents, Beta-Blockers, Calcium Channel Blockers, And Digoxin, Brooke Marlowe, Tara Tokar, Kayti Kintner, Kelsey Fink, Grant Walliser 2019 Ohio Northern University

Medication Overdoses In The Emergency Department: Oral Hypoglycemic Agents, Atypical Antipsychotic Agents, Beta-Blockers, Calcium Channel Blockers, And Digoxin, Brooke Marlowe, Tara Tokar, Kayti Kintner, Kelsey Fink, Grant Walliser

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

The number of medication toxicities has been steadily increasing with more patients presenting to the emergency department for both intentional and unintentional overdoses. Oral hypoglycemics, atypical antipsychotics, betablockers, calcium channel blockers and digoxin overdoses are some of the more common medication toxicities health care professionals may see in practice. Toxic doses of oral hypoglycemic agents, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers and digoxin have more definitive options for treatment, while atypical antipsychotic overdoses are managed with supportive care. Pharmacists in particular play a pivotal role in identifying presenting symptoms and recommending appropriate treatment options in toxicological emergencies.


Understanding The Pharmacokinetic Interaction Between Alcohol And Long-Acting Opioids, Emily Blum, Brittany Crowe, Tanya Wilsmann, Heather Helsel, David Kisor 2019 Ohio Northern University

Understanding The Pharmacokinetic Interaction Between Alcohol And Long-Acting Opioids, Emily Blum, Brittany Crowe, Tanya Wilsmann, Heather Helsel, David Kisor

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

In response to the fatal interaction of alcohol with extended-release hydromorphone, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a class-wide Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) for extended-release (ER) and long-acting (LA) opioid analgesics in July 2012. Due to the rising concern of dose-dumping effects, it is important for pharmacists to understand the pharmacokinetic interaction between two of the most commonly prescribed LA opioids (oxycodone and morphine) and alcohol. Clinical trials have looked at the pharmacokinetic profile of these long-acting formulations in conjunction with alcohol, and the results have varied depending on the formulation. For this reason, it ...


Probing The Mobile Loop Region Of Malate Dehydrogenase (Mdh) For Potential Pathogenic Allosteric Inhibitor Drug Target, Sharon Shania 2019 University of San Diego

Probing The Mobile Loop Region Of Malate Dehydrogenase (Mdh) For Potential Pathogenic Allosteric Inhibitor Drug Target, Sharon Shania

Copley Library Undergraduate Research Awards

In a year, Tuberculosis (TB) caused approximately a million deaths in addition to 10 million infection cases; thus, it has been subjected to intensive study with the goal of creating a novel therapeutic drug – specifically allosteric inhibitors. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a pathogenic bacteria that causes TB, has an enzyme found in all organisms and is involved in essential metabolic reactions within the cell, known as Malate Dehydrogenase (MDH). Understanding the structure and function relationships in MDH as well as the specific steps of catalysis can assist in biotech purposes by designing a drug that can specifically bind to a region of ...


Adverse Effects Of Opioid Dependency On Central And Peripheral Aspects Of The Neuromuscular System, Cindy Yang 2019 Gettysburg College

Adverse Effects Of Opioid Dependency On Central And Peripheral Aspects Of The Neuromuscular System, Cindy Yang

Student Publications

Prevalence of chronic pain and health care costs have caused an escalation of opioid dependency. The current national crisis involving opioid dependency and drug overdose are growing problems that need to be addressed. Since 2000, there has been an increased awareness of pain relief; more people are looking at alternative ways to induce pain relief and stricter guidelines in prescription of addictive opioid medications (Manchikanti et al., 2012). Despite growing efforts, opioid use and dependency has risen dramatically in the past few years; since 1999, there has been an increase in the number of opioids sold and opioid-related deaths in ...


Synthesizing Galactose Modified Polymeric Nanoparticles For Biofilm Inhibition Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Tyler R. Flockton 2019 Rowan University

Synthesizing Galactose Modified Polymeric Nanoparticles For Biofilm Inhibition Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Tyler R. Flockton

Theses and Dissertations

Treating patients with antibiotics is becoming harder with the increase in antibiotic resistance. This is due to the widespread antibiotic use in clinical and agricultural settings. With antibiotic resistance outpacing new drugs making it to the market, developing new options to treat bacterial infections is and will be important. We created sugar modified nanoparticles to inhibit the biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

P. aeruginosa is a gram-negative opportunistic pathogen that infects its host that has a compromised immune system. This makes it one of the most significant bacterial infection in hospitals. P. aeruginosa uses biofilms as an attack mechanism on ...


Implementation Of Trauma Service Guideline For The Use Of Phenobarbital In The Management Of The Non-Icu Trauma Patient At Risk Or Experiencing Severe Alcohol Withdrawal, Jospeh Rappold, Julianne Ontengco, Trauma Service Providers, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Ruth Hanselman, Amy Sparks 2019 Maine Medical Center

Implementation Of Trauma Service Guideline For The Use Of Phenobarbital In The Management Of The Non-Icu Trauma Patient At Risk Or Experiencing Severe Alcohol Withdrawal, Jospeh Rappold, Julianne Ontengco, Trauma Service Providers, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Ruth Hanselman, Amy Sparks

Operational Excellence

The trauma service in a large academic tertiary medical center admits a large proportion of patients with the secondary diagnosis of alcohol use disorder. Given the successful use of phenobarbital in the critical care unit for withdrawal prophylaxis and treatment of acute withdrawal, a quality improvement project was established to create and implement guidelines for the non ICU patient.

A root cause analysis demonstrated several issues to include inconsistent clinical decision documentation. As a result, several countermeasures were initiated to address the various issues.

Post implementation of countermeasures, a decrease in the amount of severe alcohol withdrawal as well as ...


Synthesis Of Betulinic Acid Via Baylis-Hillman Reaction, Sai Krishna Kommineni 2019 Rowan University

Synthesis Of Betulinic Acid Via Baylis-Hillman Reaction, Sai Krishna Kommineni

Theses and Dissertations

Betulin is readily isolated from the bark of birch trees using simple extraction techniques and this molecule as well as its derivatives (eg. betulinic acid) exhibit impressive levels of biological activity. While it is naturally available and shows selective toxicity towards certain cancers, betulin suffers from a general lack of solubility in aqueous conditions. In this regard, we took up a project involving the synthesis of conjugates of betulin with improved solubility characteristics and we were able to identify a series of compounds that showed cytotoxicity against breast and pancreatic cancer cells.

This thesis describes our efforts on the development ...


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