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Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Proteoglycan-4 Regulates Fibroblast To Myofibroblast Transition And Expression Of Fibrotic Genes In The Synovium, Marwa Qadri, Gregory D. Jay, Ling X. Zhang, Holly Richendrfer, Tannin A. Schmidt, Khaled A. Elsaid 2020 Chapman University

Proteoglycan-4 Regulates Fibroblast To Myofibroblast Transition And Expression Of Fibrotic Genes In The Synovium, Marwa Qadri, Gregory D. Jay, Ling X. Zhang, Holly Richendrfer, Tannin A. Schmidt, Khaled A. Elsaid

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Synovial tissue fibrosis is common in advanced OA with features including the presence of stress fiber-positive myofibroblasts and deposition of cross-linked collagen type-I. Proteoglycan-4 (PRG4) is a mucinous glycoprotein secreted by synovial fibroblasts and is a major component of synovial fluid. PRG4 is a ligand of the CD44 receptor. Our objective was to examine the role of PRG4-CD44 interaction in regulating synovial tissue fibrosis in vitro and in vivo.

Methods: OA synoviocytes were treated with TGF-β ± PRG4 for 24h and α-SMA content was determined using immunofluorescence. Rhodamine-labeled rhPRG4 was incubated with OA synoviocytes ± anti-CD44 or isotype control antibodies and ...


Studies Of Salvinorin-Based Antagonists To Elucidate Pertinent Interactions For Kappa Opioid Receptor Antagonism, Madeline Keane 2020 University of Mississippi

Studies Of Salvinorin-Based Antagonists To Elucidate Pertinent Interactions For Kappa Opioid Receptor Antagonism, Madeline Keane

Honors Theses

Opioid abuse, leading to addiction and related deaths, has created a chronic epidemic in the United States for the past 30 years. This crisis has sprung from reliance on the prescription of opioid analgesics as the primary method for the management of pain in the 1990s. At that time, these drugs, specifically Purdue Pharma’s OxyContin, were marketed as non-addictive. Due to this systemic minimization of the addictive properties of opioid analgesics, as prescription rates increased, opioid-related mortality rates climbed. This epidemic continues to be pervasive, as opioid-related overdose resulted in 47,600 deaths in 2017. In addition to the ...


In-Vitro Assessment Of Cb1/Cb2 Receptor Binding And Function, Joey M. Davis 2020 University of Mississippi

In-Vitro Assessment Of Cb1/Cb2 Receptor Binding And Function, Joey M. Davis

Honors Theses

Cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 are G protein-coupled receptors that have a variety of physiological effects on the human body. Many natural product agonists and antagonists are presumed to interact with the cannabinoid receptors and are therefore heavily studied in drug discovery. Assays are used to study the binding of compounds to these receptors. However, a limited number of these assays are efficient in determining the functional activity of ligands associated with CB1 and CB2. Of those, many use radioactivity which is both expensive and potentially dangerous to the researcher. In this study, we first validated the assays already found ...


Synthesis Of Aromatic Fluorinated Ketones For Evaluation At The Gaba Receptor, Madeline Griffin 2020 University of Mississippi

Synthesis Of Aromatic Fluorinated Ketones For Evaluation At The Gaba Receptor, Madeline Griffin

Honors Theses

GABA is a neurotransmitter that inhibits the excitation of neurons. Targeting this specific receptor has the potential to inhibit the central nervous system and possibly treat addiction, anxiety, or mood disorders. Previous research has shown that fluorinated ketones can have valuable applications in the medicinal chemistry of addiction. Some fluorinated ketones have shown activity at the GABA receptor. The main goal of this project was to synthesize aromatic fluorinated ketones for biological evaluation at the GABAB receptor. Another goal was to compare both the monofluorinated and difluorinated analogues synthesized in order to quantify differences in activity from fluorination state ...


Ocular, Neural, And Cellular Biodistribution Of Multifunctional Antioxidants, Damian Daszynski 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Ocular, Neural, And Cellular Biodistribution Of Multifunctional Antioxidants, Damian Daszynski

Theses & Dissertations

Aging is a complex biological process which stems from a growing imbalance between the regenerative capacity of an organism and endogenous as well as exogenous damaging factors. This imbalance leads to the slow deterioration of individual cells, organs, and eventually the entire organism. The free radical theory of aging combines the evolutionary and mechanistic aspects of aging, postulating that the innate process is caused by deleterious, irreversible, and inevitable changes in biological systems caused by oxidative damage that accumulates over the lifespan. Evidence of this phenomenon is supported by the pathogenesis of age-related diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration and ...


Multi-Generational Effects Of ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Exposure On Gene Expression In Liver Tissue, Kayla Lovitt 2020 University of Mississippi

Multi-Generational Effects Of ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Exposure On Gene Expression In Liver Tissue, Kayla Lovitt

Honors Theses

Cannabis is the most commonly used, cultivated, and trafficked illicit drug worldwide. Increased availability and acceptance of cannabis and cannabinoid-containing products provide the necessity for understanding how these substances influence aging. In this study, zebrafish (Danio rerio) were exposed to concentrations of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (0.08, 0.4, 2 µM) during embryonic-larval development, the effects on aging were measured 30 months later and in the offspring of the exposed fish (F1 generation. We observed results indicating a biphasic and hormetic effect. Treatment with the lowest concentration of THC significantly increased egg production, while higher concentrations resulted in impaired ...


Phenylpyrazalopyrimidines As Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors: Synthesis, Antiproliferative Activity, And Molecular Simulations, Bhupender S. Chhikara, Sajda Ashraf, Saghar Mozaffari, Nicole St. Jeans, Dindyal Mandal, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari, Zaheer Ul-Haq, Keykavous Parang 2020 University of Delhi

Phenylpyrazalopyrimidines As Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors: Synthesis, Antiproliferative Activity, And Molecular Simulations, Bhupender S. Chhikara, Sajda Ashraf, Saghar Mozaffari, Nicole St. Jeans, Dindyal Mandal, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari, Zaheer Ul-Haq, Keykavous Parang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

N1-(α,β-Alkene)-substituted phenylpyrazolopyrimidine derivatives with acetyl and functionalized phenyl groups at α- and β-positions, respectively, were synthesized by the reaction of 3-phenylpyrazolopyrimidine (PhPP) with bromoacetone, followed by a chalcone reaction with differently substituted aromatic aldehydes. The Src kinase enzyme assay revealed modest inhibitory activity (half maximal inhibitory concentration, IC50 = 21.7–192.1 µM) by a number of PhPP derivatives. Antiproliferative activity of the compounds was evaluated on human leukemia (CCRF-CEM), human ovarian adenocarcinoma (SK-OV-3), breast carcinoma (MDA-MB-231), and colon adenocarcinoma (HT-29) cells in vitro. 4-Chlorophenyl carbo-enyl substituted 3-phenylpyrazolopyrimidine (10) inhibited the cell proliferation of HT-29 and ...


Imatinib-Induced Interstitial Pneumonitis – A Literature Review And Case Report, Olga Hilda Orasan, Andreea Maria Stefan, Iulia Minciuna, Adela Sitar-Taut, George Ciulei, Simina Tarmure, Ioana Para, Flaviu Muresan, Ovidiu Fabian, Sorina Cezara Coste, Vasile Negrean, Angela Cozma, Laura Urian 2020 IULIU HATIEGANU UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY CLUJ-NAPOCA, 4TH MEDICAL DEPARTMENT, CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA;

Imatinib-Induced Interstitial Pneumonitis – A Literature Review And Case Report, Olga Hilda Orasan, Andreea Maria Stefan, Iulia Minciuna, Adela Sitar-Taut, George Ciulei, Simina Tarmure, Ioana Para, Flaviu Muresan, Ovidiu Fabian, Sorina Cezara Coste, Vasile Negrean, Angela Cozma, Laura Urian

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Imatinib is generally well tolerated, with mild common side effects such as nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, muscle cramps, fatigue, skin rash and edema; however, pulmonary complications are uncommon. A 73-year-old woman undergoing one month treatment with Imatinib for chronic myeloid neoplasm associated with eosinophilia was admitted for sudden alteration of her performance status, dyspnea at rest and productive cough. On clinical examination, the patient was hypoxic (oxygen saturation on room air was 87%), and auscultation of her lungs revealed diffuse bilateral fine crackles. Computed tomography showed bilateral pulmonary interstitial syndrome. Imatinib was discontinued and the patient received systemic corticosteroid therapy ...


Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), Matthew Dunbar 2020 Ohio Northern University

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), Matthew Dunbar

Pharmacy Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Cd44 Receptor Mediates Urate Crystal Phagocytosis By Macrophages And Regulates Inflammation In A Murine Peritoneal Model Of Acute Gout, Emira Bousoik, Marwa Qadri, Khaled A. Elsaid 2020 Chapman University

Cd44 Receptor Mediates Urate Crystal Phagocytosis By Macrophages And Regulates Inflammation In A Murine Peritoneal Model Of Acute Gout, Emira Bousoik, Marwa Qadri, Khaled A. Elsaid

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Gout is a chronic arthritis caused by the deposition of poorly soluble monosodium urate monohydrate (MSU) crystals in peripheral joints. Resident macrophages initiate inflammation in response to MSU mediated by NF-κB nuclear translocation and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. We investigated the role of CD44, a transmembrane receptor, in mediating MSU phagocytosis by macrophages. We used an antibody that sheds the extracellular domain (ECD) of CD44 to study the role of the receptor and its associated protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) in macrophage activation. We also studied the significance of CD44 in mediating MSU inflammation in-vivo. Cd44−/− BMDMs showed reduced MSU phagocytosis, LDH ...


Avoiding Drug Resistance By Substrate Envelope-Guided Design: Toward Potent And Robust Hcv Ns3/4a Protease Inhibitors, Ashley N. Matthew, Jacqueto Zephyr, Nageswara Rao Desaboini, Mina Henes, Wasih Kamran, Klajdi Kosovrasti, Adam Hedger, Gordon J. Lockbaum, Jennifer Timm, Akbar Ali, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Avoiding Drug Resistance By Substrate Envelope-Guided Design: Toward Potent And Robust Hcv Ns3/4a Protease Inhibitors, Ashley N. Matthew, Jacqueto Zephyr, Nageswara Rao Desaboini, Mina Henes, Wasih Kamran, Klajdi Kosovrasti, Adam Hedger, Gordon J. Lockbaum, Jennifer Timm, Akbar Ali, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects millions of people worldwide, causing chronic liver disease that can lead to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver transplant. In the last several years, the advent of direct-acting antivirals, including NS3/4A protease inhibitors (PIs), has remarkably improved treatment outcomes of HCV-infected patients. However, selection of resistance-associated substitutions and polymorphisms among genotypes can lead to drug resistance and in some cases treatment failure. A proactive strategy to combat resistance is to constrain PIs within evolutionarily conserved regions in the protease active site. Designing PIs using the substrate envelope is a rational strategy to decrease the susceptibility ...


Diabetes Debunked: What You Need To Know, Maggie Hutson 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Diabetes Debunked: What You Need To Know, Maggie Hutson

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The goal of this Honors creative project is to encourage health literacy in populations who are curious about Type 2 Diabetes or have Type 2 Diabetes. From personal experience, I have seen noncompliance in diabetics and wondered why since it is a serious, progressive disease. After researching, I found that some diabetics do not understand the scope of their disease, especially since many of the dangerous complications that arise from Type 2 Diabetes do not present until later in the disease when it is too late. For my senior project, I decided to write an educational paper as a supplement ...


Functional Blockade Of E-Selectin In Tumor-Associated Vessels Enhances Anti-Tumor Effect Of Doxorubicin In Breast Cancer, Yoshihiro Morita, Macall Leslie, Hiroyasu Kameyama, Ganesh L R Lokesh, Norihisa Ichimura, Rachel Davis, Natalie Hills, Nafis Hasan, Roy Zhang, Yuji Kondo, David G Gorenstein, David E Volk, Inna Chervoneva, Hallgeir Rui, Takemi Tanaka 2020 University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

Functional Blockade Of E-Selectin In Tumor-Associated Vessels Enhances Anti-Tumor Effect Of Doxorubicin In Breast Cancer, Yoshihiro Morita, Macall Leslie, Hiroyasu Kameyama, Ganesh L R Lokesh, Norihisa Ichimura, Rachel Davis, Natalie Hills, Nafis Hasan, Roy Zhang, Yuji Kondo, David G Gorenstein, David E Volk, Inna Chervoneva, Hallgeir Rui, Takemi Tanaka

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

Chemotherapy is a mainstay of treatment for solid tumors. However, little is known about how therapy-induced immune cell infiltration may affect therapy response. We found substantial CD45+ immune cell density adjacent to E-selectin expressing inflamed vessels in doxorubicin (DOX)-treated residual human breast tumors. While CD45 level was significantly elevated in DOX-treated wildtype mice, it remained unchanged in DOX-treated tumors from E-selectin null mice. Similarly, intravenous administration of anti-E-selectin aptamer (ESTA) resulted in a significant reduction in CD45+ immune cell density in DOX-treated residual tumors, which coincided with a delay in tumor growth and lung metastasis in MMTV-pyMT mice. Additionally ...


Pcsk9 Inhibitors In Secondary Prevention – An Opportunity For Personalized Therapy, Chase Board, Michael S. Kelly, Michael D. Shapiro, Dave L. Dixon 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Pcsk9 Inhibitors In Secondary Prevention – An Opportunity For Personalized Therapy, Chase Board, Michael S. Kelly, Michael D. Shapiro, Dave L. Dixon

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) remains the leading cause of death worldwide. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is the primary cause of ASCVD and reducing LDL-C levels with statin therapy significantly reduces ASCVD risk; however, significant residual risk remains. Two monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), alirocumab and evolocumab, that target proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin-type 9 (PCSK9), reduce LDL-C levels by up to 60% when used in combination with statins and significantly reduce the risk of recurrent ASCVD events in both stable secondary prevention and acute coronary syndrome populations. Pre-specified analyses of recent randomized controlled trials have shed light on how best to prioritize these ...


Genomic Context And Tp53 Allele Frequency Define Clinical Outcomes In Tp53-Mutated Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Guillermo Montalban-Bravo, Rashmi Kanagal-Shamanna, Christopher B. Benton, Caleb A. Class, Kelly S. Chien, Koji Sasaki ,, Kiran Naqvi, Yesid Alvarado, Tapan M. Kadia, Farhad Ravandi, Naval Daver, Koichi Takahashi, Elias Jabbour, Gautham Borthakur, Naveen Pemmaraju, Marina Konopleva, Kelly A. Soltysiak, Sherry R. Pierce, Carlos E. Bueso-Ramos, Keyur P. Patel, Hagop Kantarjian, Guillermo Garcia-Manero 2020 Butler University

Genomic Context And Tp53 Allele Frequency Define Clinical Outcomes In Tp53-Mutated Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Guillermo Montalban-Bravo, Rashmi Kanagal-Shamanna, Christopher B. Benton, Caleb A. Class, Kelly S. Chien, Koji Sasaki ,, Kiran Naqvi, Yesid Alvarado, Tapan M. Kadia, Farhad Ravandi, Naval Daver, Koichi Takahashi, Elias Jabbour, Gautham Borthakur, Naveen Pemmaraju, Marina Konopleva, Kelly A. Soltysiak, Sherry R. Pierce, Carlos E. Bueso-Ramos, Keyur P. Patel, Hagop Kantarjian, Guillermo Garcia-Manero

Scholarship and Professional Work – COPHS

TP53 mutations are associated with adverse outcomes and shorter response to hypomethylating agents (HMAs) in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Limited data have evaluated the impact of the type, number, and patterns of TP53 mutations in response outcomes and prognosis of MDS. We evaluated the clinicopathologic characteristics, outcomes, and response to therapy of 261 patients with MDS and TP53 mutations. Median age was 68 years (range, 18-80 years). A total of 217 patients (83%) had a complex karyotype. TP53 mutations were detected at a median variant allele frequency (VAF) of 0.39 (range, 0.01-0.94). TP53 deletion was associated with lower ...


Antiproliferative And Apoptotic Effects Of Proteins From Black Seeds (Nigella Sativa) On Human Breast Mcf-7 Cancer Cell Line, Yamna Khursid, Basir Syed, Shabana U. Simjee, Obaid Beg, Aftab Ahmed 2020 Chapman University

Antiproliferative And Apoptotic Effects Of Proteins From Black Seeds (Nigella Sativa) On Human Breast Mcf-7 Cancer Cell Line, Yamna Khursid, Basir Syed, Shabana U. Simjee, Obaid Beg, Aftab Ahmed

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Nigella sativa (NS), a member of family Ranunculaceae is commonly known as black seed or kalonji. It has been well studied for its therapeutic role in various diseases, particularly cancer. Literature is full of bioactive compounds from NS seed. However, fewer studies have been reported on the pharmacological activity of proteins. The current study was designed to evaluate the anticancer property of NS seed proteins on the MCF-7 cell line.

Methods

NS seed extract was prepared in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and proteins were precipitated using 80% ammonium sulfate. The crude seed proteins were partially purified using gel filtration chromatography ...


Development Of A Screening Assay For Type Iii Secretion System Inhibitors And High Throughput Screening Campaign Of Inhibitors Of Prp Of Staphylococcus Aureus, Heather A. Pendergrass 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Development Of A Screening Assay For Type Iii Secretion System Inhibitors And High Throughput Screening Campaign Of Inhibitors Of Prp Of Staphylococcus Aureus, Heather A. Pendergrass

Theses and Dissertations

Antibiotics inhibit the growth or survival of bacteria by targeting their essential functions.1 Due to weaknesses in traditional antibiotics and the increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes, virulence factors are being targeted for therapeutic treatment of bacterial infection.2 We have developed an assay to quantify and observe type III secretion system (T3SS) activity. The type III secretion system (T3SS) is a virulence factor present in some Gram-negative pathogens including enteropathogenic and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EPEC and EHEC, respectively),3 and others.4–9 The T3SS between EPEC and EHEC are highly conserved and share over 90% sequence identity ...


Elephant And Anchors ‒ Photoelectron Photoion Coincidence Spectroscopy Of Small Oxygenated Molecules, aPeter Weidner 2020 University of the Pacific

Elephant And Anchors ‒ Photoelectron Photoion Coincidence Spectroscopy Of Small Oxygenated Molecules, Apeter Weidner

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The dissociative photoionization reactions of two small, oxygenated organics, namely 1,3-dioxolane and methyl vinyl ketone, were studied by photoelectron photoion coincidence (PEPICO) spectroscopy. Experiments involving 1,3-dioxolane were carried out in the photon energy range of 9.5‒13.5 eV. The statistical thermodynamics model shows that a total of six dissociation channels are involved in the formation of three fragment ions, namely C3H5O2+ (m/z 73), C2H5O+ (m/z 45) and C2H4O+ (m/z 44), with two channels contributing to the formation of each. By comparing the results of ab initio quantum chemical calculations to the experimentally derived ...


Novel Small Molecule Antifungals For Invasive Fungal Infections, Emily Dennis 2020 University of Kentucky

Novel Small Molecule Antifungals For Invasive Fungal Infections, Emily Dennis

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

Human fungal pathogens cause a range of diseases from benign skin conditions (i.e., ringworm) to thrush, mucosal membrane infections, and life-threatening systemic infections including bloodstream infections (i.e., aspergillosis and candidiasis) and Cryptococcal meningitis. These systemic infections occur most often in immunocompromised individuals and have high mortality rates. Current antifungal agents used in the clinic belong to three main classes: the polyenes (e.g., amphotericin B (AmB)), the echinocandins (e.g., caspofungin (CFG)), and the azoles (e.g., fluconazole (FLC)). In addition, the antimetabolite pyrimidine analogue flucytosine is used in combination with AmB. The three main classes class of ...


Correlating The Physicochemical Properties Of Magnesium Stearate With Tablet Dissolution And Lubrication, Julie L. Calahan 2020 University of Kentucky

Correlating The Physicochemical Properties Of Magnesium Stearate With Tablet Dissolution And Lubrication, Julie L. Calahan

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

Magnesium stearate (MgSt) is the most commonly used pharmaceutical excipient and is present in over half the tablet formulations on the market. In spite of its popularity as an effective lubricant, it has been repeatedly recognized that there is significant variability between MgSt samples, which can cause inconsistent lubrication between batches of MgSt. The hypothesis of this research is that the batch-to-batch variability in tablet lubrication and dissolution observed in tablet formulations containing different MgSt samples can be correlated with differences in MgSt physicochemical properties (fatty acid salt composition, crystal hydrate form, particle size and surface area). Developing correlations between ...


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