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Effect Of Uracil Dna Glycosylase Activity On The Efficacy Of Thymidylate Synthase Inhibitor/Hdac Inhibitor Combination Therapies In Colon Cancer, Rashmi Kulkarni, Brian P Weiser 2022 Rowan University

Effect Of Uracil Dna Glycosylase Activity On The Efficacy Of Thymidylate Synthase Inhibitor/Hdac Inhibitor Combination Therapies In Colon Cancer, Rashmi Kulkarni, Brian P Weiser

Stratford Campus Research Day

Human uracil DNA glycosylase (UNG2) is responsible for removing uracil bases from DNA and initiates base excision repair pathways. Accumulation of uracil or its fluorinated analogs in DNA is one of the killing mechanisms of thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibitors in cancer cells, and depletion of UNG2 often enhances the toxicity of these anticancer drugs. We tested the effect of UNG2 KO on the efficacy of multiple TS inhibitors (5-fluorouracil, fluorodeoxyuridine, and pemetrexed) and we determined that, except for 5-fluorouracil, all other TS inhibitors were significantly more potent in UNG2 KO cells compared to wild-type HT29 cells. Interestingly, UNG2 protein levels …


Long-Term Lithium Use In The Younger Population: Do The Benefits Outweigh The Risks? - A Case Report, Seema Shekar, Alexander Garcia, Rachel Shmuts 2022 Rowan University

Long-Term Lithium Use In The Younger Population: Do The Benefits Outweigh The Risks? - A Case Report, Seema Shekar, Alexander Garcia, Rachel Shmuts

Stratford Campus Research Day

For decades lithium has been the mainstay treatment for bipolar disorder. While its side effect profile is extensive and varied its most notable adverse effect, and one most feared by treating clinicians, is nephrotoxicity/ end-stage renal disease (ESRD). While the link between long-term lithium use and ESRD has been accepted by the medical community at large for many years, more recent scientific studies call the association into question. In fact, newer studies on the association between Li use and ESRD have shown a negative/inconclusive correlation. Despite this controversy the consensus still remains that ESRD secondary to long-term Li use is …


Seizure To Drug Induced Schizophrenia: A Rare Case Of Keppra-Induced Psychosis, Shadi Shams, Riddhima Issar, Nardin El-Shammaa, Munaza Khan 2022 Rowan University

Seizure To Drug Induced Schizophrenia: A Rare Case Of Keppra-Induced Psychosis, Shadi Shams, Riddhima Issar, Nardin El-Shammaa, Munaza Khan

Stratford Campus Research Day

Levetiracetam is a broad-spectrum antiseizure medication and is approved as adjunctive therapy to treat focal-onset seizures in children and adults with epilepsy. Levetiracetam has a wide margin of safety and patient-friendly pharmacokinetics that distinguish it from other currently available antiepileptic drugs.

Most common side effects are fatigue, somnolence, dizziness, and upper respiratory infection. Neuropsychiatric symptoms are reported. Psychotic symptoms, paranoid ideation, hallucinations, and behavioral problems may occur in adult and pediatric patients. Among all adverse effects, the rate of psychosis is very low and ranges from less than 1% to 1.4%. A retrospective study showed that this rate is higher …


Safety And Efficacy Of Silver-Coated Biomaterials In Vivo, Megan Klem, Darien L. Seidman, Rahyan Mahmoud, Manuella Adu, Lei Yu, Jeffrey Hettinger, Renee M Demarest 2022 Rowan University

Safety And Efficacy Of Silver-Coated Biomaterials In Vivo, Megan Klem, Darien L. Seidman, Rahyan Mahmoud, Manuella Adu, Lei Yu, Jeffrey Hettinger, Renee M Demarest

Stratford Campus Research Day

Overtreatment and overuse of antibiotics in healthcare and agricultural settings have contributed to the selective pressure on bacterial strains to develop resistance. Resistance can develop as a result of mutations and subsequent resistance genes that allow bacteria to survive against antibiotics. Novel silver-oxide coatings were developed and were previously demonstrated to prevent adhesion of gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia Coli and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa) to the disc, but did not prevent gram-positive bacterial adherence (Streptococcus Aureus). In order to determine whether the silver-oxide coatings are bacterial static and may be preventing progression to biofilm formation, in vivo analysis of S. Aureus attached to …


Riluzole For Pediatric Patients With Treatment-Refractory Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Maheen Mohammad, Stuti Parikh 2022 Rowan University

Riluzole For Pediatric Patients With Treatment-Refractory Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Maheen Mohammad, Stuti Parikh

Stratford Campus Research Day

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) occurs in about 1-3% of the pediatric population, but many do not respond to standard therapies. Riluzole, a glutamate antagonist, has shown to be an effective treatment for refractory OCD in adults, however few trials have been conducted to show the effectiveness of Riluzole in children to treat refractory OCD. The study investigates the potential use of riluzole in children to treat refractory OCD.


Too Much Of A Good Thing: Case Of Fluoride Toxicity, Swet Patel, John Polunin, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Trent Malcolm 2022 Rowan University

Too Much Of A Good Thing: Case Of Fluoride Toxicity, Swet Patel, John Polunin, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Trent Malcolm

Stratford Campus Research Day

Overall, the beneficial role of fluoride for the maintenance of proper dental hygiene has been known for many decades which has been corroborated by a plethora of research. Media and culture have further highlighted how using fluoride supplementation can help with dental cavities. It is clear that just as there are benefits to fluoride usage, there also risks. Further awareness needs to be made that showcases the downfalls of excess fluoride use. Labels need to be placed on fluoride products that emphasizes the dosing. It is imperative that people are educated on the toxicity of fluoride as too much of …


Treating Trichotillomania With Olanzapine, Christopher Lee 2022 Rowan University

Treating Trichotillomania With Olanzapine, Christopher Lee

Stratford Campus Research Day

Trichotillomania (TTM) is characterized by repetitive pulling of one’s hair leading to hair loss and problems in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. Often individuals with TTM try to decrease or stop hair pulling, however are often unsuccessful without treatment. Community prevalence studies suggest that TTM is a common disorder with point prevalence estimate of 0.5% to 2.0% and with significant psychological comorbidity. Of note, people with TTM are often embarrassed about their condition, so epidemiology data may be underestimated compared to the true prevalence of this condition. The female to male ratio for this condition is 4:1. …


A Case Report On Causes Of Covid-19 Induced Psychosis And Treatments, Jennifer Pires, Steven Sarner 2022 Rowan University

A Case Report On Causes Of Covid-19 Induced Psychosis And Treatments, Jennifer Pires, Steven Sarner

Stratford Campus Research Day

COVID-19 is a viral infection that is caused by an RNA virus in a subfamily of Coronaviridae named severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS CoV 2). The family also includes severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS CoV) and middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS CoV) which have previously been shown to cause respiratory symptoms and psychosis with immunoreactivity to IgG.


A Systematic Review Of The Barriers Of Opioid Addiction Treatment For Young Adult Males (Ages 18-26) Living In Low Income Areas In The United States Of America, Atish Gandhi, Asim Shafique, Jillian Baker 2022 Rowan University

A Systematic Review Of The Barriers Of Opioid Addiction Treatment For Young Adult Males (Ages 18-26) Living In Low Income Areas In The United States Of America, Atish Gandhi, Asim Shafique, Jillian Baker

Stratford Campus Research Day

NOTE: This is a broad literature review, not a systematic review.

This systematic review aims to analyze the reasons behind reduced access to opioid addiction treatment for individuals of low socioeconomic standing. Understanding these barriers may allow communities to build a more comprehensive plan to lower addiction rates. In addition, this review will be examining further developments of theopioid crisis due to the recent COVID-19 pandemic. The literature search used publications from the following databases: PubMed, Google Scholar, and NCBI. The keywords searched were “opioid addiction”, “substance abuse”, “low-income area”, “barriers to treatment”, “young male addiction”, “opioid treatment”, “Narcan”. There …


Case Report: Octreotide Associated Hyperkalemia, Darren Finn, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Andrew Caravello, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema 2022 Rowan University

Case Report: Octreotide Associated Hyperkalemia, Darren Finn, Eric Maddock, James Espinosa, Andrew Caravello, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema

Stratford Campus Research Day

78-year-old female with past medical history of acromegaly status post pituitary adenoma status post resection presents to the emergency department with abdominal pain. ED workup was not significant for any acute intra-abdominal abnormalities; however, incidental finding of hyperkalemia was pertinent to the visit. Patient was treated in the ED for her condition but her potassium levels remained elevated despite repeated saline infusions. Patient was ultimately admitted to the hospital where it was discovered that she had recently been switched from octreotide injections to an oral somatostatin analogue Mycapssa. We believe that this patient’s hyperkalemia was caused by octreotide-induced insulin suppression …


Digoxin Toxicity And Acute Renal Failure In A 75 Year-Old Female, Daniel Zaayenga, Andrew Caravello, Nicholas Tomasello 2022 Rowan University

Digoxin Toxicity And Acute Renal Failure In A 75 Year-Old Female, Daniel Zaayenga, Andrew Caravello, Nicholas Tomasello

Stratford Campus Research Day

Digoxin toxicity can present with varying manifestations. While pathognomonic symptoms such as xanthopsia (object appearing yellow) are a board favorite it is not a required finding and is in fact not seen with most patients. Rather digoxin toxicity presents with more non-specific symptoms such as GI distress (anorexia, N/V) neurological distress (lethargy, fatigue, delirium, confusion, disorientation, weakness. EKG findings are varied and include premature ventricular contractions, bradycardia, atrial tachyarrhythmias with AV block, ventricular bigeminy, junctional rhythms, various degrees of AV nodal blockade, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation. Although rarely seen, digoxin is one of the only causes of bidirectional ventricular …


Case Report: Covid Arm (Covid Vaccine Arm), Joseph Pagano, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema 2022 Jefferson Health - NJ

Case Report: Covid Arm (Covid Vaccine Arm), Joseph Pagano, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, Henry Schuitema

Stratford Campus Research Day

We report the case of a 38-year-old male physician who was vaccinated with the Pfizer vaccine. He experienced arm pain and swelling on the vaccinated arm as well as systemic symptoms, including fever, chills, headache and weakness. The systemic symptoms improved after the use of oral prednisone. A review of the literature on the COVID vaccine is presented.


Implementing Best Practices For Co-Prescribing Naloxone In Your Agency: A Guide For Healthcare Professions, Michael Anyanwu, Emmanuel Asenso Jr., Ahmad Hussein, Jessica Baaklini, Michael Sunderhauf 2022 Rowan University

Implementing Best Practices For Co-Prescribing Naloxone In Your Agency: A Guide For Healthcare Professions, Michael Anyanwu, Emmanuel Asenso Jr., Ahmad Hussein, Jessica Baaklini, Michael Sunderhauf

Stratford Campus Research Day

From April 2020 to April 2021, it has been recorded that there have been 75,673 opioid overdose-related deaths in the United States. This number is up almost 20,000 more from the last period that deaths were recorded, coming in at 56,064 from April 2019 to April 2020. The use of naloxone, has been proven to save the lives of overdose patients on opioids by reversing its effects. It has already shown significant reduction in opioid overdose related mortality. Pharmacists are now able to prescribe naloxone with opioid prescriptions without a script from a doctor. EMS units are active in communities …


Improvement Of Memory Loss Through Dietary Intervention In The Assisted Living And Rehabilitative Settings, Alexander Swartz, Martin Forsberg 2022 Rowan University

Improvement Of Memory Loss Through Dietary Intervention In The Assisted Living And Rehabilitative Settings, Alexander Swartz, Martin Forsberg

Stratford Campus Research Day

• The ketogenic diet is a popular, controversial diet that fuels the brain through beta-oxidation of fatty acids and production of ketone bodies, the most populous of which is betahydroxybutyrate (BHB).

  • The ketogenic diet consists of 70-80% fats, 20-25% protein, and 5-10% carbohydrates.

• Medically, the ketogenic diet is utilized in patients with epilepsy and recommended by some physicians to improve general health through weight loss and insulin sensitivity.

• Key factors of neurodegeneration include glucose hypometabolism, oxidative damage, and neuroinflammation.

  • Studies have shown that with ingestion of exogenous ketones alone, or endogenous ketonemia through a ketogenic diet, there is: …


Migratory Dermatographic Urticaria Following Covid-19 Vaccine Booster In Young Adult Male, Richard A. Maiella, Kelly Staples, Ashok Veldanda 2022 Rowan University

Migratory Dermatographic Urticaria Following Covid-19 Vaccine Booster In Young Adult Male, Richard A. Maiella, Kelly Staples, Ashok Veldanda

Stratford Campus Research Day

With the recent approval of booster vaccinations in the United States for adults who already received their primary vaccinations, millions of adults have been administered the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna booster vaccines.

Adverse events related to these vaccines continue to be reported and are majority self-limited. In this case report, we present a young male who acquired chronic, migratory dermatographic urticaria two weeks after administration of the Moderna mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccine booster.


Stroke In Hfref Without Atrial Fibrillation And Concurrent Protein S Deficiency: What Is The Best Treatment?, Rohan Umrani, Trinava Roy, Bhavana Kadiyala, Yvette Wang 2022 Rowan University

Stroke In Hfref Without Atrial Fibrillation And Concurrent Protein S Deficiency: What Is The Best Treatment?, Rohan Umrani, Trinava Roy, Bhavana Kadiyala, Yvette Wang

Stratford Campus Research Day

Hypercoagulable disorders are often the culprit for repeated strokes in young patients, with or without other comorbidities

Medications typically used for stroke prophylaxis:

  • Warfarin
  • Aspirin
  • Direct Oral Anticoagulants (DOACs)

Warfarin is the preferred method of anticoagulation for stroke prophylaxis in patients with hypercoagulable disorders

A deficiency of protein S increases the risk of pro coagulation due to a relative deficiency of anticoagulants.

Patients with protein S deficiency tend to have recurrent venous thromboses and pulmonary emboli


What Motivates Patients To Enroll In A Naloxone Co-Prescribing Program?, Christina Kanagawa, David Aloisio, Eshani Choksi, Manasa Gowda, Tyler Klecha, Charles M. Defendorf 2022 Rowan University

What Motivates Patients To Enroll In A Naloxone Co-Prescribing Program?, Christina Kanagawa, David Aloisio, Eshani Choksi, Manasa Gowda, Tyler Klecha, Charles M. Defendorf

Stratford Campus Research Day

Patients were contacted via phone call to establish knowledge of and prescription status regarding naloxone. They were then invited to enroll in a research study consisting of two online surveys.

The patients who had been prescribed naloxone by the time the study had started ranked being persuaded by a medical professional as being the most important reason for accepting the naloxone prescription.

Insufficient data collected during the six-week time frame to draw statistically significant conclusions about what motivates patients to receive naloxone co-prescriptions.

Correlations seen in this study are interesting and warrant further investigation.


Characterizing The Roles Of Cannabinoid Receptor 1 & 2 In Zebrafish Behavior, Metabolism, And Seizure-Induced Activity, Kayci Kimmons 2022 University of Mississippi

Characterizing The Roles Of Cannabinoid Receptor 1 & 2 In Zebrafish Behavior, Metabolism, And Seizure-Induced Activity, Kayci Kimmons

Honors Theses

Epileptic disorders like Dravet Syndrome require novel studies to determine the most ideal treatment. New research linking the endocannabinoid system (ECS) to epileptic disorders is arising, but there is still much to be discovered about the function and regulatory impact of the endocannabinoid system and its receptors in epilepsies like Dravet. In this study, knockout models of larval and adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) were used to investigate the roles of cannabinoid receptors 1 & 2 in behavior, brain mitochondrial metabolism, and seizure-induced activity following exposure to THC and CBD. Larval zebrafish which lacked cannabinoid receptor 1 exhibited increased …


2-Deoxy-D-Glucose As India’S Response To Covid-19: A Commitment Or Conceit?, Ritwik Ghosh, Dipayan Roy, Subhankar Chatterjee, Julián Benito-León 2022 Department of General Medicine

2-Deoxy-D-Glucose As India’S Response To Covid-19: A Commitment Or Conceit?, Ritwik Ghosh, Dipayan Roy, Subhankar Chatterjee, Julián Benito-León

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) has recently been approved to treat moderate to severe COVID-19 patients in India. Here we discuss whether this is a well-thought-out step towards the long-term management of COVID-19 or a decision taken at the spur of the moment. 2-DG, an anticancer drug, also has immunomodulatory functions. Several studies have shown 2-DG to inhibit viral replication and cytokine storm. However, these findings are mostly on cells and animal models. The clinical trial that has become the basis of the approval of this drug in India is yet to be peer-reviewed and has not explicitly addressed several concerns, nor has …


Synthesis Of A Functionalized Trans-Cyclooctene (Tco) For Selective Protein Isolation After Bioorthogonal Labeling With Tetrazine, Thaddeus Lawrence Puzdrakiewicz, Dillon P. McBee, Joshua A. Baccile 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Synthesis Of A Functionalized Trans-Cyclooctene (Tco) For Selective Protein Isolation After Bioorthogonal Labeling With Tetrazine, Thaddeus Lawrence Puzdrakiewicz, Dillon P. Mcbee, Joshua A. Baccile

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


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