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Mediation Of The Uncoupled Enos Pathway Following Oxidative Stress Using Tetrahydrobiopterin And Nitric Oxide Donor Drugs To Restore Tetrahydrobiopterin Concentration, Brianna Munnich 2021 Olivet Nazarene University

Mediation Of The Uncoupled Enos Pathway Following Oxidative Stress Using Tetrahydrobiopterin And Nitric Oxide Donor Drugs To Restore Tetrahydrobiopterin Concentration, Brianna Munnich

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Presentation Location: Warming House, Olivet Nazarene University

Abstract

The eNOS pathway, found in the endothelium of blood vessels, is a key regulator of nitric oxide levels in the circulatory system. The pathway is controlled through several positive and negative feedback loops [2]. The cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a major control point in this pathway and under conditions of stress can be reduced into the dihydrobiopterin (BH2) [2,6,7,8,9]. When the reduced form is predominant, the pathway produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) rather than nitric oxide, causing stress and damage to the vessels [6,7,8,9]. In ...


Opioid Use Disorder: The Timeline For Medication Assisted Therapy, Alexander Cristofori 2021 Arcadia University

Opioid Use Disorder: The Timeline For Medication Assisted Therapy, Alexander Cristofori

Capstone Showcase

Opioid Use Disorder is patterns of opioid use leading to withdrawal, giving up important life events in order to use opioids, and excessive time spent using opioids, to name a few diagnostic criteria. The clinical progression of the disorder involves periods of acute exacerbation and remission that are cyclic in nature. Treatment is most effective when it includes both pharmacological and psychosocial modalities, referred to as medication assisted therapy (MAT). Three drugs used commonly in MAT-based treatment for OUD from oldest to newest include Methadone, Buprenorphine-naloxone, and Naltrexone. Treatment program models that prioritize total abstinence from the addictive substance attached ...


Retrospective Review Of Anticoagulation Regimens Used For The Prevention Of Venous Thromboembolisms In Critically Ill Patients Infected With Sars-Cov-2, Tony Nguyen, Heidi Clarke 2020 Baptist Hospital of Miami

Retrospective Review Of Anticoagulation Regimens Used For The Prevention Of Venous Thromboembolisms In Critically Ill Patients Infected With Sars-Cov-2, Tony Nguyen, Heidi Clarke

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Finding The Balance​ The Effects Of Α-Cyclodextrin, 2-Hydroxypropyl-Β-Cyclodextrin, And Cholesterol Bacteroides Vulgatus And Clostridium Bolteae​, Bethany Weaver 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Finding The Balance​ The Effects Of Α-Cyclodextrin, 2-Hydroxypropyl-Β-Cyclodextrin, And Cholesterol Bacteroides Vulgatus And Clostridium Bolteae​, Bethany Weaver

Pence-Boyce STEM Student Scholarship

Atherosclerosis is a cardiovascular disease that is characterized by the hardening of arteries through the formation of cholesterol plaques. Cyclodextrins could potentially treat atherosclerosis by shrinking plaques. These cyclic oligosaccharides can make complexes with cholesterol but have also shown toxic side effects. This study looked for potential negative effects of cyclodextrins and cholesterol on gut bacteria. It was hypothesized that Bacteroides vulgatus will have decreased growth when grown in broth with cholesterol. In contrast, Clostridium bolteae will have decreased growth when grown in broth with cyclodextrins. Due to the fact that these bacteria are anaerobic, Clostridium bolteae and Bacteroides vulgatus ...


Outcome Analysis Of Tranexamic Acid With Hemorrhaging Secondary To Traumatic Injury, Hunter McCorkle 2020 Portland State University

Outcome Analysis Of Tranexamic Acid With Hemorrhaging Secondary To Traumatic Injury, Hunter Mccorkle

University Honors Theses

Background: Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic used for controlling hemorrhaging in patients. It’s regular application in trauma centers could be vital in reducing all-cause mortality for hemorrhaging secondary to traumatic injury but there are still concerns about possible side effects and populations at greater risk of complications. The possible use of predictive measures such as thrombelastography (TEG) and conventional coagulation testing (CCT) in detecting early markers of TXA risks are still unconfirmed, and unfortunately there is a time restriction of 3 hours for TXA to be effective in reducing all-cause mortality.

Objective: Our objective is to observe outcomes ...


Effects Of Nicotinamide Riboside And Beta-Hydroxybutyrate On C. Elegans Lifespan, Jeffery Peters 2020 East Tennessee State University

Effects Of Nicotinamide Riboside And Beta-Hydroxybutyrate On C. Elegans Lifespan, Jeffery Peters

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The nicotinamide riboside (NR) form of vitamin B3and the ketone body ß-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) are two of the most promising natural compounds yet identified for the treatment of aging and aging-related diseases. Forms of vitamin B3are precursors for the synthesis of the coenzymes nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(H)) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP(H)). In aged cells levels of NAD+decline, decreasing metabolism and decreasing activity of protective sirtuin protein deacetylases. In aged cells NR, but not more common forms of vitamin B3, boost NAD+levels. BHB is naturally produced by the body when individuals fast ...


Efficacy Of Onabotulinumtoxina (Botox) Injections Compared To Oral Topiramate In Reduction Of Migraines Suffered In Adults, Stephanie Blaha 2020 Arcadia University

Efficacy Of Onabotulinumtoxina (Botox) Injections Compared To Oral Topiramate In Reduction Of Migraines Suffered In Adults, Stephanie Blaha

Capstone Showcase

Abstract

Introduction: Migraines are a leading cause of disability in many people worldwide. There are numerous postulations as to their etiology and various medications that treat them. As crippling as migraines are, it is critical that there are therapies to prevent them rather than just treat them acutely. Both OnabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) and Topiramate have been shown to be beneficial as prophylaxis for migraines. This review aims to determine if, in adults who suffer from chronic migraines [P], OnabotulinumtoxinA injections [I] are more effective than oral Topiramate [C] in reduction of the amount of migraines suffered [O].

Methods: A literature search ...


Chlorhexidine Gluconate Vs Povidone-Iodine In The Prevention Of Clean-Contaminated Surgical Site Infections, Erin Layne, Abigail Stone 2019 James Madison University

Chlorhexidine Gluconate Vs Povidone-Iodine In The Prevention Of Clean-Contaminated Surgical Site Infections, Erin Layne, Abigail Stone

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2016 to 2019

Abstract

Background:

A patient’s skin is the major source of pathogens that can cause post-operative complications such as surgical site infections (SSIs). Optimization of pre-operative skin antisepsis is obtained with chlorhexidine gluconate (CG) and povidone-iodine (PI). These two solutions are the most widely used antiseptics for pre-operative purposes.

Objective:

Among surgical patients greater than 18 years of age undergoing clean-contaminated surgery, which antiseptic, iodophors or chlorhexidine gluconate, is more effective at reducing postoperative surgical site infections?

Methods:

A search was done in PubMed utilizing the terms chlorhexidine, infection control, iodophors, and surgical site infection. The limits applied included randomized ...


Budesonide Enhances Agonist-Induced Bronchodilation In Human Small Airways By Increasing Camp Production In Airway Smooth Muscle, Cynthia J. Koziol-White, Timothy B. Johnstone, Maia L. Corpuz, Gaoyuan Cao, Sarah Orfanos, Vishal Parikh, Brian Deeney, Omar Tliba, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Ian Dainty, Reynold A. Panettieri Jr. 2019 Rutgers University - New Brunswick/Piscataway

Budesonide Enhances Agonist-Induced Bronchodilation In Human Small Airways By Increasing Camp Production In Airway Smooth Muscle, Cynthia J. Koziol-White, Timothy B. Johnstone, Maia L. Corpuz, Gaoyuan Cao, Sarah Orfanos, Vishal Parikh, Brian Deeney, Omar Tliba, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Ian Dainty, Reynold A. Panettieri Jr.

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The non-genomic mechanisms by which glucocorticoids modulate β2 agonist-induced-bronchodilation remain elusive. Our studies aimed to elucidate mechanisms mediating the beneficial effects of glucocorticoids on agonist-induced bronchodilation. Utilizing human precision cut lung slices (hPCLS), we measured bronchodilation to formoterol, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), cholera toxin (CTX) or forskolin in the presence and absence of budesonide. Using cultured human airway smooth muscle (HASM), intracellular cAMP was measured in live cells following exposure to formoterol, PGE2, or forskolin in the presence or absence of budesonide. We showed that simultaneous budesonide administration amplified formoterol-induced bronchodilation and attenuated agonist-induced phosphorylation of myosin ...


Incidence Of Aspirin Effect In An Anticipated Aspirin Negative Elderly Population, Emily Gullette, Heather Rhodes MD, Brant Clatterbuck MD, Nayda Parisio Poldiak, Christoph Kaufmann 2019 USC

Incidence Of Aspirin Effect In An Anticipated Aspirin Negative Elderly Population, Emily Gullette, Heather Rhodes Md, Brant Clatterbuck Md, Nayda Parisio Poldiak, Christoph Kaufmann

General Surgery

No abstract provided.


The Brazilian Private Pharmaceutical Market After The First Ten Years Of The Generics Law, Andrea Damaso Bertoldi, Anita K. Wagner, Isabel Emmerick, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Peter Stephens, Dennis Ross-Degnan 2019 Federal University of Pelotas

The Brazilian Private Pharmaceutical Market After The First Ten Years Of The Generics Law, Andrea Damaso Bertoldi, Anita K. Wagner, Isabel Emmerick, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Peter Stephens, Dennis Ross-Degnan

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Objectives: To describe changes in the private market for selected originators, branded generics ('similares'), and generic products during the 10 years following passage of the Brazilian Generics Law.

Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data collected by IQVIA(R) on quarterly sales by wholesalers to retail pharmacies in Brazil from 1998 through 2010, grouped by originators, branded generics, and generic products in three therapeutic classes (antibiotics, antidiabetics, and antihypertensives). Outcomes included market share (proportion of the total private market volume), sales volume per capita, prices and number of manufacturers by group.

Results: In the private market share, generics became dominant in each ...


Proton Pump Inhibitors Increase The Severity Of Hepatic Encephalopathy In Cirrhotic Patients, Matthew J. Fasullo, Prashanth Rau, Dong-Qi Liu, Erik Holzwanger, Jomol Mathew, Yurima Guilarte-Walker, Gyongyi Szabo 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Proton Pump Inhibitors Increase The Severity Of Hepatic Encephalopathy In Cirrhotic Patients, Matthew J. Fasullo, Prashanth Rau, Dong-Qi Liu, Erik Holzwanger, Jomol Mathew, Yurima Guilarte-Walker, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

BACKGROUND: Liver cirrhosis is the late stage of hepatic fibrosis and is characterized by portal hypertension that can clinically lead to decompensation in the form of ascites, esophageal/gastric varices or encephalopathy. The most common sequelae associated with liver cirrhosis are neurologic and neuropsychiatric impairments labeled as hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Well established triggers for HE include infection, gastrointestinal bleeding, constipation, and medications. Alterations to the gut microbiome is one of the leading ammonia producers in the body, and therefore may make patients more susceptible to HE.

AIM: To investigate the relationship between the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and ...


Substituted Anthraquinones Represent A Potential Scaffold For Dna Methyltransferase 1-Specific Inhibitors, Rebecca L. Switzer, Jessica Medrano, David A. Reedel, Jill Weiss 2019 Bucknell University

Substituted Anthraquinones Represent A Potential Scaffold For Dna Methyltransferase 1-Specific Inhibitors, Rebecca L. Switzer, Jessica Medrano, David A. Reedel, Jill Weiss

Faculty Journal Articles

In humans, the most common epigenetic DNA modification is methylation of the 5-carbon of cytosines, predominantly in CpG dinucleotides. DNA methylation is an important epigenetic mark associated with gene repression. Disruption of the normal DNA methylation pattern is known to play a role in the initiation and progression of many cancers. DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), the most abundant DNA methyltransferase in humans, is primarily responsible for maintenance of the DNA methylation pattern and is considered an important cancer drug target. Recently, laccaic acid A (LCA), a highly substituted anthraquinone natural product, was identified as a direct, DNA-competitive inhibitor of DNMT1 ...


Proton Pump Inhibitors Increase The Severity Of Hepatic Encephalopathy In Cirrhotic Patients, Matthew J. Fasullo, Prashanth Rau, Dong-Qi Liu, Erik Holzwanger, Jomol Mathew, Yurima Guilarte-Walker, Gyongyi Szabo 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Proton Pump Inhibitors Increase The Severity Of Hepatic Encephalopathy In Cirrhotic Patients, Matthew J. Fasullo, Prashanth Rau, Dong-Qi Liu, Erik Holzwanger, Jomol Mathew, Yurima Guilarte-Walker, Gyongyi Szabo

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

BACKGROUND: Liver cirrhosis is the late stage of hepatic fibrosis and is characterized by portal hypertension that can clinically lead to decompensation in the form of ascites, esophageal/gastric varices or encephalopathy. The most common sequelae associated with liver cirrhosis are neurologic and neuropsychiatric impairments labeled as hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Well established triggers for HE include infection, gastrointestinal bleeding, constipation, and medications. Alterations to the gut microbiome is one of the leading ammonia producers in the body, and therefore may make patients more susceptible to HE.

AIM: To investigate the relationship between the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and ...


Proton Pump Inhibitors And 180-Day Mortality In The Elderly After Clostridium Difficile Treatment, Evan S. Bradley, Emily Howe, Xun Wu, John P. Haran 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Proton Pump Inhibitors And 180-Day Mortality In The Elderly After Clostridium Difficile Treatment, Evan S. Bradley, Emily Howe, Xun Wu, John P. Haran

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Background: There is a reported association between proton pump inhibitor (PPI) exposure and increased risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), but less is known about how this class of medications taken during treatment might influence mortality after CDI. Here we examine 180-day mortality rates in a cohort of CDI elders and its association with exposure to PPIs. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of elderly patients ( > 65 years of age) diagnosed and treated for CDI in the years 2014-2016 (n = 874) in the Umass Memorial Health Care system, which represents both academic and community healthcare. Patient characteristics and medication use ...


Update On Anticoagulation Agents And Reversals, Carolyn Ruiz 2019 West Kendall Baptist Hospital

Update On Anticoagulation Agents And Reversals, Carolyn Ruiz

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Abuse And Misuse Of Stimulants For Adhd, Rita Chamoun 2019 Baptist Hospital of Miami

Abuse And Misuse Of Stimulants For Adhd, Rita Chamoun

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Understanding Structure-Activity Relationship Of Synthetic Cathinones (Bath Salts) Utilizing Methylphenidate, Barkha J. Yadav 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

Understanding Structure-Activity Relationship Of Synthetic Cathinones (Bath Salts) Utilizing Methylphenidate, Barkha J. Yadav

Theses and Dissertations

Synthetic cathinones are stimulant drugs of abuse that act at monoamine transporters e.g. the dopamine transporter (DAT) as releasing agents or as reuptake inhibitors. More than >150 new synthetic cathinones have emerged on the clandestine market and have attracted considerable attention from the medical and law enforcement communities.

threo-Methylphenidate (tMP) is an FDA approved drug for the treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy, which also acts as a DAT reuptake inhibitor and is widely abused. tMP and synthetic cathinones share some structural similarities and extensive structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies on tMP have been conducted. However, much less is known about ...


Impact Of Contemporary Low Dose Aspirin Use And Cardiovascular Disease, Pratik Sharma, Ramona Stone 2019 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Impact Of Contemporary Low Dose Aspirin Use And Cardiovascular Disease, Pratik Sharma, Ramona Stone

Health Student Work

No abstract provided.


Glucocorticoid Use In Sports And Exercise, Brett Barthman 2019 Iowa State University

Glucocorticoid Use In Sports And Exercise, Brett Barthman

Creative Components

Glucocorticoids (a subclass of the steroid family) have a broad range of therapeutic uses in human and veterinary medicine.Glucocorticoids are widely used to treat sport related/induced injury due to their anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects that allow athletes to resume physical activity, whether competitive sports or personal exercise, in a shorter time after injury. They can also be used to aid recovery after traumatic surgery such as repairing torn ligaments or ruptured tendons. Their route of administration varies from subcutaneous injections to inhalation to injections into intra-articular spaces between bones. New studies have pointed to their possible duel benefits ...


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