Synthesis Of 1-(4-Ethoxy-3-Methoxybenzyl)-1,10-Phenanthrolin-1-Ium Bromide And Its Evaluation As Antiplasmodium Through Heme Polymerization Inhibitory Activity (Hpia) Assay, 2021 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta 55584, Indonesia
Synthesis Of 1-(4-Ethoxy-3-Methoxybenzyl)-1,10-Phenanthrolin-1-Ium Bromide And Its Evaluation As Antiplasmodium Through Heme Polymerization Inhibitory Activity (Hpia) Assay, Dhina Fitriastuti, Viny Alfiyah, Mustofa Mustofa, Jumina Jumina, Muhammad Idham Darussalam Mardjan
Makara Journal of Science
This study describes the development of N-benzyl-1,10-phenantrolinium salt as an antiplasmodium agent. The salt, that is, 1-(4-ethoxy-3-methoxybenzyl)-1,10-phenanthrolin-1-ium bromide, was prepared using vanillin as the starting material in four simple synthetic steps. First, the alkylation of vanillin using diethyl sulfate produced 4-ethoxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde in 79% yield. Second, the reduction of the protected vanillin by NaBH4 through the grinding method allowed us to obtain 4-ethoxy-3-methoxybenzyl alcohol in 96% yield. Next, the bromination of the benzyl alcohol under solvent-free condition led to the formation of the corresponding benzyl bromide, which in turn underwent bimolecular nucleophilic substitution with 1 ...
Synthesis Of 5-Membered Ring Heterocycles For Alzheimer’S Disease, 2021 Andrews University
Synthesis Of 5-Membered Ring Heterocycles For Alzheimer’S Disease, Daniel Fajardo
Honors Scholars & Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium Programs
The progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is correlated to the degenerative activation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) located in the brain. They are a family of five G-protein coupled receptors, (M1-M5), linked to functions within the central and peripheral nervous system.1 More specifically, activation of M1 with positive allosteric modulators (PAM), have shown to bind to the allosteric pocket and slow the degenerative process of AD with minimal intrinsic effects.2 Structural motifs of potent PAM activity and weak agonism proposed a synthesis of an isooxazoline compound, incorporating a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition. The core motif of the proposed ...
Impact Of Ketorolac On Opioid Consumption After Open Heart Surgery, 2020 Baptist Hospital of Miami
Impact Of Ketorolac On Opioid Consumption After Open Heart Surgery, Laura Neubauer, Radhan Gopalani, Kristen De Almeida, Andrea Marr-Peralto
No abstract provided.
Gama-Lactams And The Reformatsky Reaction: New Tricks For Old Chemistry, 2020 Union College - Schenectady, NY
Gama-Lactams And The Reformatsky Reaction: New Tricks For Old Chemistry, Dylan Dupont
DUPONT, DYLAN. An Alternative Synthetic Pathway to γ-Lactam Compounds
Through the Application of Novel Reformatsky-Type Chemistry. Department
of Chemistry, June 2020
ADVISOR: James C. Adrian Jr. Ph.D.
It is the intent of the present report to relate the results of our attempt to elucidate and optimize a novel preparation of γ-lactam compounds. To achieve this end, it is proposed that the use of novel Reformatsky-type chemistry may provide a viable means. Generally, it has herein been validated that employment of α-amino ketones in traditional Reformatsky chemistry will form the traditional Reformatsky ester-adduct, and that this adduct is capable of ...
Fluorometric Characterization Of A Methylene Blue Derivative Sensitive To Reactive Oxygen Species (Ros), 2020 University of Mississippi
Fluorometric Characterization Of A Methylene Blue Derivative Sensitive To Reactive Oxygen Species (Ros), Matthew Weeks
Methylene blue (MB) has many uses within both microbiology and pharmacology. MB can treat disorders such as methemoglobinemia, malaria, Alzheimer’s disease, and certain forms of cancer. MB is also useful for molecular imaging due to its off-on fluorescent capabilities. MB derivatives with a urea bond at the 10-N position have been cleavable by triggers such as light. However, I was interested in sensitivity to reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, I wanted to determine if the MB derivative MB-EA exhibited sensitivity to ROS. MB-EA was exposed to varying concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and MB release was measured. I ...
Hailey-Hailey Disease Successfully Treated With Low-Dose Naltrexone, 2020 HCA Healthcare
Hailey-Hailey Disease Successfully Treated With Low-Dose Naltrexone, John Moesch, Richard Miller
West Florida Division Virtual Research Day
Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD) is an uncommon autosomal dominant disorder resulting from a mutation in the ATP2C1 gene resulting in dysfunction of the Golgi apparatus calcium-associated ATPase, thus interfering with intercellular calcium signaling.
HHD presents clinically as flaccid blisters and erosions in intertriginous areas, especially the axillae and groin.
The major histologic finding is acantholysis throughout the spinous layer of the epidermis, commonly referred to as a “dilapidated brick wall” appearance.
The initial lesions and associated symptoms usually develop during the second or third decade of life.
Complications of HHD include infections (bacterial, fungal, and viral), and malignant transformation (cutaneous squamous ...
P-19 Anticancer Activity Of Heteroaromatic Cyanostilbenes, 2019 Andrews University
P-19 Anticancer Activity Of Heteroaromatic Cyanostilbenes, Joshua Rotich
Celebration of Research and Creative Scholarship
Cancer is currently the second leading killer disease. There are many different kinds of cancer that are associated with almost every organ in the human body (e.g., brain cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, blood cancer, lung cancer, etc.).
In the Biology Department, Dr. Smith and Dr. Murray are researching glioblastoma brain cancer cells. Glioblastoma is a very invasive cancer that is highly lethal. Chances of not surviving when its at stage four is more than 98%. Detecting this cancer while it is developing is difficult because symptoms are mild headache, fatigue, nausea and slight loss of weight ...
Stable Nanopalladium Hydride In Water For Sustainable And Selective Reductions, 2019 University of Louisville
Stable Nanopalladium Hydride In Water For Sustainable And Selective Reductions, Jesse Klus, Sachin Handa
The synthesis of air-stable ligand-free nanopalladium hydride (PdNHx) in water was achieved and applied to various organic transformations, including (1) reduction of heteroaromatics such as (iso)quinolines, phenanthrolines, benzotriazole, and naphthyridines, (2) regio- and chemoselective reduction of nitroarenes, (3) alkyne reductions, (4) chemoselective dehalogenation, and (5) base-free detriflation. Both the synthesis of PdNHx and the reductions were carried out under mild conditions in a micellar medium using our designer surfactant PS-750-M, which eliminates the need for toxic organic solvents and extremely high hydrogen pressure and temperature. Notably, PS-750-M is also a replacement of hazardous polar-aprotic solvents. This newer approach for ...
Heterocycle Synthesis From Quinols, 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Heterocycle Synthesis From Quinols, Jing Wu
Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Three cascade reactions that provide access to various heterocyclic skeletons from quinols were developed. Various substituted 1-hydroxyacridones, 4-hydroxycarbazoles and 4-hydroxy-indolin-3-ones were readily synthesized in moderate to excellent yields. The common sequential transformation involves carbamation/Michael addition/mixed Claisen condensation/decarboxylative aromatization which were realized in one-pot reactions in the synthesis of acridones and indolin-3-ones, or two-step reactions in the synthesis of carbazoles. A side reaction from oxidative dearomatization of phenols, affording iodo diaryl ethers in one step from commercial phenols, albeit in low yields, revealed an intricate mechanistic pathway. The synthesis of jaboticabin was realized in nine linear steps from ...
Regional Vitiligo Induced By Imiquimod Treatment For In-Transit Melanoma Metastases, 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Regional Vitiligo Induced By Imiquimod Treatment For In-Transit Melanoma Metastases, Elizabeth Tkachenko, Jennifer Y. Lin, Rebecca I. Hartman
Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors
Imiquimod is a topical immunomodulator used for the treatment of viral warts and superficial basal cell carcinoma and as an emerging therapy for lentigo maligna and cutaneous melanoma metastases. Vitiligo-like depigmentation has been described as a local adverse effect of topical imiquimod therapy for melanoma1 and at distant sites in patients treated with combination topical monobenzone-imiquimod for metastatic melanoma.2 We present a case in which topical imiquimod resulted in both the resolution of in-transit metastatic melanoma and the depigmentation of local and regional skin, suggesting a regional lymphatic effect of this localized topical treatment.
Synthetic Approaches Towards Novel Isoform Selective Pi3k Inhibitors And Their Biological Activities Against Prostate Cancer Cells, Idris Wazeerud-Din
Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University
The development of novel imidazopyridines, which includes both tetrahydroimidazo[1,5-a]pyridine (rIMP) and imidazo[1,5-a]pyridine (IMP) was investigated using conventional and microwave induced procedures that afforded compounds at high yield of 88-96%. rIMP was synthesized using a two-step procedure that involved the microwave synthesis of IMP, then the reduction of the pyridine moiety of the fused imidazopyridine rings using 10% Pd/C and hydrazine monohydrate. The microwave synthesis of imidazopyridines involved the one pot reaction of 2-benzoylpyridine, substituted benzaldehyde and ammonium formate in acetic acid under open vessel microwave conditions, which resulted in products within 40 minutes ...
Deconvolution Of Subcellular Protrusion Heterogeneity And The Underlying Actin Regulator Dynamics From Live Cell Imaging [Preprint], 2018 Worcester Polytechnic Institute
Deconvolution Of Subcellular Protrusion Heterogeneity And The Underlying Actin Regulator Dynamics From Live Cell Imaging [Preprint], Chuangqi Wang, Hee June Choi, Sung-Jin Kim, Aesha Desai, Namgyu Lee, Dohoon Kim, Yongho Bae, Kwonmoo Lee
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
Cell protrusion is morphodynamically heterogeneous at the subcellular level. However, the mechanistic understanding of protrusion activities is usually based on the ensemble average of actin regulator dynamics at the cellular or population levels. Here, we establish a machine learning-based computational framework called HACKS (deconvolution of Heterogeneous Activity Coordination in cytosKeleton at a Subcellular level) to deconvolve the subcellular heterogeneity of lamellipodial protrusion in migrating cells. HACKS quantitatively identifies distinct subcellular protrusion phenotypes from highly heterogeneous protrusion activities and reveals their underlying actin regulator dynamics at the leading edge. Furthermore, it can identify specific subcellular protrusion phenotypes susceptible to pharmacological perturbation ...
C. Elegans Multidrug Resistance Protein 5 (Mrp-5) Transports Vitamin B12 From The Intestine To The Gonad To Support Embryonic Development [Preprint], 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
C. Elegans Multidrug Resistance Protein 5 (Mrp-5) Transports Vitamin B12 From The Intestine To The Gonad To Support Embryonic Development [Preprint], Huimin Na, Olga Ponomarova, Gabrielle E. Giese, Albertha J. M. Walhout
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
Vitamin B12 functions as a cofactor for methionine synthase to produce the anabolic methyl donor S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) and for methylmalonyl-CoA mutase to catabolize the short chain fatty acid propionate. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, maternally supplied vitamin B12 is required for the development of her offspring. However, the mechanism for exporting vitamin B12 from the mother to her offspring is not yet known. Here, we use RNAi of more than 200 transporters with a vitamin B12-sensor transgene to identify the ABC transporter MRP-5 as a candidate vitamin B12 exporter. We show that injection of vitamin B12 into the gonad of ...
Sodium Channel Nav1.3 Is Important For Enterochromaffin Cell Excitability And Serotonin Release, Peter R. Strege, Kaitlyn Knutson, Samuel J. Eggers, Joyce H. Li, Fan Wang, David Linden, Joseph H. Szurszewski, Lorin Milescu, Andrew B. Leiter, Gianrico Farrugia, Arthur Beyder
Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors
In the gastrointestinal (GI) epithelium, enterochromaffin (EC) cells are enteroendocrine cells responsible for producing > 90% of the body's serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT). However, the molecular mechanisms of EC cell function are poorly understood. Here, we found that EC cells in mouse primary cultures fired spontaneous bursts of action potentials. We examined the repertoire of voltage-gated sodium channels (NaV) in fluorescence-sorted mouse EC cells and found that Scn3a was highly expressed. Scn3a-encoded NaV1.3 was specifically and densely expressed at the basal side of both human and mouse EC cells. Using electrophysiology, we found that EC cells expressed robust NaV1.3 ...
The Dopamine Transporter Recycles Via A Retromer-Dependent Postendocytic Mechanism: Tracking Studies Using A Novel Fluorophore-Coupling Approach, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
The Dopamine Transporter Recycles Via A Retromer-Dependent Postendocytic Mechanism: Tracking Studies Using A Novel Fluorophore-Coupling Approach, Sijia Wu, Rita R. Fagan, Chayasith Uttamapinant, Lawrence M. Lifshitz, Kevin E. Fogarty, Alice Y. Ting, Haley Melikian
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
Presynaptic reuptake, mediated by the dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT), terminates DAergic neurotransmission and constrains extracellular DA levels. Addictive and therapeutic psychostimulants inhibit DA reuptake and multiple DAT coding variants have been reported in patients with neuropsychiatric disorders. These findings underscore that DAT is critical for DA neurotransmission and homeostasis. DAT surface availability is regulated acutely by endocytic trafficking, and considerable effort has been directed toward understanding mechanisms that govern DAT's plasma membrane expression and postendocytic fate. Multiple studies have demonstrated DAT endocytic recycling and enhanced surface delivery in response to various stimuli. Paradoxically, imaging studies have not detected DAT ...
Synthesis Of Hydroxybenzylidene-Indolinones, Schiff Bases And N-Substituted Analogs And Their Effects On Bacterial Physiology., 2017 Universidad de Los Andes - Colombia
Synthesis Of Hydroxybenzylidene-Indolinones, Schiff Bases And N-Substituted Analogs And Their Effects On Bacterial Physiology., Catherine Eliana Cabrera, Neetu Dayal, Moloud Aflaki, Herman Sintim
The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium
c-di-AMP is a global stress response regulator involved in some processes of biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance. It has become a candidate target for the development of new antibacterial treatments. Previous studies have shown that hydroxybenzylidene-indolinones can act as c-di-AMP synthase inhibitors. They also act as antibacterial and anti-biofilm inhibitors and re-sensitize resistant bacteria to methicillin and vancomycin. In this project, potent analogs of these compounds, including Schiff bases and N-substituted compounds, have been synthetized. The objective of this work is to explore the effect of these modifications on their biological activity. Base-catalyzed condensation and acid-catalyzed reactions were performed in ...
Discovery Of Pyrimidine-Based Heterocycles As Single Agents With Combination Chemotherapy Potential And As Inhibitors Of Purine Nucleotide Biosynthesis For The Treatment Of Cancer, 2017 Duquesne University
Discovery Of Pyrimidine-Based Heterocycles As Single Agents With Combination Chemotherapy Potential And As Inhibitors Of Purine Nucleotide Biosynthesis For The Treatment Of Cancer, Rishabh Mohan
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
This dissertation describes the design, synthesis and biological evaluation of monocyclic and bicyclic pyrimidine-base heterocycles as single agents with combination chemotherapy potential having both antiangiogenic effects and cytotoxic effects. This dissertation also describes selective tumor targeting with 5-substituted pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines analogs with heteroatom bridge substitution as GARFTase inhibitors.
The work in this dissertation is centered on identifying structural features that are necessary for inhibition of tubulin polymerization as well as for inhibition of one or more of the receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs)- vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2), platelet derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFRβ) and epidermal growth ...
A Diversity-Oriented Synthesis Approach To Functionalized Azaheterocycles Using Cyclic Alpha-Halo Eneformamides, 2017 Central Washington University
A Diversity-Oriented Synthesis Approach To Functionalized Azaheterocycles Using Cyclic Alpha-Halo Eneformamides, Spencer A. Langevin
All Master's Theses
Functionalized piperidines, azepanes, azamacrocycles, morpholines, and thiomorpholines are common structural motifs found in a wide range of pharmaceuticals such as carmegliptine, levofloxacin, thioridazine, claviciptic acid, and azithomycin. As a result, there is a strong desire to construct highly functionalized nitrogen-bearing ring scaffolds in order to construct a wide range of drug possibilities. There are several non-modular and step-uneconomical synthetic methods used in the construction of these aforementioned motifs such as ring closing metathesis, ring expansions, and intramolecular reductive amination. In this research, we present a step-economical, cost-effective, scalable, and diversity-oriented synthesis approach to highly functionalized N-heterocycles through the intermediacy of ...
Chemoselective And Stereoselective Exploration Of The Chemical Reactivity Space Of Castagnoli-Cushman-Derived Allylic Lactamoyl Esters: Application To The Synthesis Of Aza-Polycyclic Architectures, 2017 Central Washington University
Chemoselective And Stereoselective Exploration Of The Chemical Reactivity Space Of Castagnoli-Cushman-Derived Allylic Lactamoyl Esters: Application To The Synthesis Of Aza-Polycyclic Architectures, Brandon Joseph Mansker
All Master's Theses
The synthesis and evaluation of structure-activity relationships of saturated nitrogen heterocycles is the focal point of various pharmaceutical companies thanks to the high biological activity of previously isolated azacycles. Here, we describe an operationally simple and highly efficient approach to macrocyclic lactams bearing vicinal stereocenters and a challenging cycloalkyne motif. The outcomes are achieved through a novel [4 + 2] cycloaddition reaction between an N-iodoarylated-1,3-azadiene and cyclic anhydrides, followed by interception of the cycloadducts in cross-coupling manifolds (e.g., Sonogashira coupling) and concomitant lithiation-cyclization of the tethered alkyne. An unprecedented example of a hydroamino alkylation that is transition metal-free ...
Associations Of Peripubertal Serum Dioxin And Polychlorinated Biphenyl Concentrations With Pubertal Timing Among Russian Boys, 2016 Harvard School of Public Health
Associations Of Peripubertal Serum Dioxin And Polychlorinated Biphenyl Concentrations With Pubertal Timing Among Russian Boys, Jane S. Burns, Mary M. Lee, Paige L. Williams, Susan A. Korrick, Oleg Sergeyev, Thuy Lam, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser
Cell and Developmental Biology Publications
BACKGROUND: Dioxins, furans, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxin-like and nondioxin-like, have been linked to alterations in puberty.
OBJECTIVES: We examined the association of peripubertal serum levels of these compounds (and their toxic equivalents (TEQs)) with pubertal onset and maturity among Russian boys enrolled at ages 8-9 years and followed prospectively through ages 17-18 years.
METHODS: At enrollment, 473 boys had serum dioxin-like compounds and PCBs measured. At the baseline visit and annually until age 17-18 years, a physician performed pubertal staging [Genitalia (G), Pubarche (P), and testicular volume (TV)]. 315 subjects completed the follow-up visit at 17-18 years of age ...