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683 full-text articles. Page 5 of 27.

Characterization Of Jasmine Rice Cultivars Grown In The United States, Anastasia K. Mills, Ya-Jane Wang 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Characterization Of Jasmine Rice Cultivars Grown In The United States, Anastasia K. Mills, Ya-Jane Wang

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

Jasmine rice from Thailand accounts for about 60% to 70% of U.S. imported rice, primarily due to its preference by ethnic Asians as well as the general American population. Recently new U.S. jasmine rice cultivars have been developed independently at three rice research stations in Arkansas, California, and Louisiana, but their properties have not been characterized. The objective of this research was to characterize and compare the physical appearance, chemical composition, thermal and pasting properties, cooked rice texture, and starch structures of the newly developed U.S. jasmine rice from Arkansas, California, and Louisiana, to be compared with ...


Physicochemical Characterization, Structural Determination, And Molecular Dynamic Modeling Of Proso Millet Proteins For Enhanced Food Functionality, Felix Akharume 2020 University of Kentucky

Physicochemical Characterization, Structural Determination, And Molecular Dynamic Modeling Of Proso Millet Proteins For Enhanced Food Functionality, Felix Akharume

Theses and Dissertations--Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering

More than one-third of Americans today incorporate plant-based protein into their diet and about 40% believed that plant-based protein is healthier than animal protein, especially Millennials. The increasing global demand for plant-based proteins driven by the high cost of animal proteins, consumers’ desire for lean protein, vegetarianism, and the need for more sustainable green protein products have necessitated research into alternate emerging and underutilized sources of protein to complement or supplement the major plant protein in the market- soy, pea, and gluten. Therefore, this dissertation is focused on the valorization of the proteins in proso millet. Specifically, this work focused ...


Anti-Hypochlorite, Antioxidant, And Catalytic Activity Of Three Polyphenol-Rich Super-Foods Investigated With The Use Of Coumarin-Based Sensors, Karolina Starzak, Tomasz Świergosz, Arkadiusz Matwijczuk, Bernadette Creaven, Janusz Podleśny, Dariusz Karcz 2020 Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Anti-Hypochlorite, Antioxidant, And Catalytic Activity Of Three Polyphenol-Rich Super-Foods Investigated With The Use Of Coumarin-Based Sensors, Karolina Starzak, Tomasz Świergosz, Arkadiusz Matwijczuk, Bernadette Creaven, Janusz Podleśny, Dariusz Karcz

Articles

The anti-hypochlorite activity of açaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart.), goji (Lycium barbarum L.) and schisandra (Schisandra chinensis) fruit extracts were assessed by determining the reactive chlorine species (RCS)-scavenging ability of these three “super-food” berries. In addition, the aqueous extracts obtained were employed as both the media and the catalyst in a green chemistry approach to the synthesis of a coumarin-based fluorescence turn-off sensor, which was then used for anti-hypochlorite activity testing. The aqueous extracts were also assessed for total phenolic content (TPC), using the Folin–Ciocalteu method, and the antioxidant activity using the ABTS+• assay. Moreover, the main water-soluble polyphenolic ...


An Evaluation Of Sonication Pretreatment For Enhancing Saccharification Of Brewers’ Spent Grain, Shady Hassan, Rajeev Ravindran, Swarna Jaiswal, Brijesh K. Tiwari, Gwilym A. Williams 2020 Technological University Dublin

An Evaluation Of Sonication Pretreatment For Enhancing Saccharification Of Brewers’ Spent Grain, Shady Hassan, Rajeev Ravindran, Swarna Jaiswal, Brijesh K. Tiwari, Gwilym A. Williams

Articles

This paper deals with the investigation of ultrasound (US) pretreatment of brewer’s spent grain (BSG) as ameans of releasing fermentable sugars, and the subsequent production of ethanol from this lignocellu-losic biomass. Using response surface methodology (RSM), the influence of US power, time, temperatureand biomass loading on fermentable sugar yield from BSG was studied. The optimal conditions werefound to be 20% US power, 60 min, 26.3°C, and 17.3% w/v of biomass in water. Under these conditions,an approximate 2.1-fold increase in reducing sugar yield (325 ± 6 mg/g of biomass) was achieved, relativeto untreated BSG ...


Associations Between The Home Environment, Feeding Practices And Children’S Intakes Of Fruit, Vegetables And Confectionary/Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, Carolina Bassu, Clare Corish, John Kearney 2020 Technological University Dublin

Associations Between The Home Environment, Feeding Practices And Children’S Intakes Of Fruit, Vegetables And Confectionary/Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, Carolina Bassu, Clare Corish, John Kearney

Articles

Within the home environment, parents influence their children’s dietary intakes through their parenting and dietary practices, and the foods they make available/accessible. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the associations between home environmental characteristics and children’s dietary intakes. Three hundred and thirty-two children aged three–five years and their parents participated in the study. Home environmental characteristics, including parental control feeding practices, were explored using validated and standardized questionnaires such as the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ), the Physical and Nutritional Home Environment Inventory (PNHEI) and the Healthy Home Survey (HHS). Parent and child food ...


A Review Of Technologies For Malt Flour And Sourdough From Brewery Spent Grain, Zachary Christman 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Review Of Technologies For Malt Flour And Sourdough From Brewery Spent Grain, Zachary Christman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

The utilization of brewer's spent grain for the production of malt flour is the focus of this article. The reader is presented with superheated steam and extrusion as technologies to reduce mycotoxin contamination and improve shelf life. Another option is the fermentation of brewer's spent grain with a cereal grade lactic acid bacteria for the production of sourdough bread. Milling of the brewer's spent grain for the production of bread is also covered.


Assessing The Biological Safety Of Atmospheric Cold Plasmatreated Wheat Using Cell And Insect Models, Agata Los, Dana Ziuzina, Daniela Boehn, Paula Bourke 2020 Technological University Dublin

Assessing The Biological Safety Of Atmospheric Cold Plasmatreated Wheat Using Cell And Insect Models, Agata Los, Dana Ziuzina, Daniela Boehn, Paula Bourke

Articles

Atmospheric cold plasma (ACP) is under investigation for an extensive range of biocontrol applications in food biosystems. However, the development of a novel intervention technology requires a thorough evaluation of the potential for negative effects and the implications for the human and animal food chains’ safety. The evaluations were performed using a contained, high-voltage, dielectric barrier discharge plasma system. The cytotoxicity of two types of food models—a liquid model (wheat model medium (WMM)) vs. a solid model (wheat grain extract (WGE)) was compared in vitro using the mammalian cell line CHO-K1. The residual toxicity of ACP treatment of grains ...


Characterization Of Antimicrobial Effects Of Plasma-Treated Water (Ptw) Produced By Microwave-Induced Plasma (Midiplexc) On Pseudomonas Fluorescens Biofilms, Oliver Handorf, Viktoria Isabella Pauker, Thomas Weihe, Eric Freund, Sander Bekeschus, Katharina Riedel, Uta Schnabel, Jörg Ehlbeck 2020 Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology

Characterization Of Antimicrobial Effects Of Plasma-Treated Water (Ptw) Produced By Microwave-Induced Plasma (Midiplexc) On Pseudomonas Fluorescens Biofilms, Oliver Handorf, Viktoria Isabella Pauker, Thomas Weihe, Eric Freund, Sander Bekeschus, Katharina Riedel, Uta Schnabel, Jörg Ehlbeck

Articles

stract: For the decontamination of surfaces in the food production industry, plasma generated compounds (PGCs) such as plasma-treated water (PTW) or plasma processed air (PPA) offer many promising possibilities for future applications. Therefore, the antimicrobial effect of water treated with microwave-induced plasma (MidiPLexc) on Pseudomonas fluorescensbiofilms was investigated. 10 ml deionized water was treated with the MidiPLexc plasma source for 100 s, 300 s and 900 s (pre-treatment time) and the bacterial biofilms were exposed to the PTW for 1 min, 3 min and 5 min (post treatment time). To investigate the influence of PTW on P. fluorescensbiofilms, microbiological assays ...


Computational Modelling Approach For The Optimization Of Apple Juice Clarification Using Immobilized Pectinase And Xylanase Enzymes, Shady Hassan, Gwilym Williams, Amit Jaiswal 2020 Technological University Dublin

Computational Modelling Approach For The Optimization Of Apple Juice Clarification Using Immobilized Pectinase And Xylanase Enzymes, Shady Hassan, Gwilym Williams, Amit Jaiswal

Articles

Apple juice is typically marketed as a clear juice, and hence enzymatic treatments are common practices in juice industry. However, enzymatic treatments have been shown to face some challenges when process efficiency, and cost effectiveness are concerned. Therefore, it is necessary to optimize the enzymatic treatment process to maximize efficiency, and reuse enzymes to minimize the overall cost via immobilization. In this context, the present work features the immobilization of pectinase and xylanase from M. hiemalis on genipin-activated alginate beads, with subsequent evaluation of its efficacy in apple juice clarification. A central composite rotatable design (CCRD), coupled with artificial neural ...


Effects Of Cold Atmospheric Plasma On Mackerel Lipid And Protein Oxidation During Storage, Juan M. Pérez-Andrés, María de Alba, Sabine M Harrison, Nigel P. Brunton, Patrick Cullen, Brijesh K. Tiwari 2020 Technological University Dublin

Effects Of Cold Atmospheric Plasma On Mackerel Lipid And Protein Oxidation During Storage, Juan M. Pérez-Andrés, María De Alba, Sabine M Harrison, Nigel P. Brunton, Patrick Cullen, Brijesh K. Tiwari

Articles

The present study investigated the effects of cold atmospheric plasma on the shelf-life stability of lipids andproteins of commercially packaged mackerelfillets. The results showed no significant effects on lipid oxidationbetween the control samples and those treated at 80 kV for extended treatment times of 5 min using an in-package plasma system. In addition, no significant changes (p > 0.05) were found in the fatty acid compositionor nutritional quality indices after treatment. Finally, the formation of carbonyls was accelerated by plasmatreatment at the end of the storage period for 4 °C and 8 °C. These results suggest that cold atmospheric plasmatechnologies ...


Effects Of Cold Plasma On Wheat Grain Microbiome And Antimicrobial Efficacy Against Challenge Pathogens And Their Resistance, Agata Los, Dana Ziuzina, Daniela Boehm, Paula Bourke 2020 Technological University Dublin

Effects Of Cold Plasma On Wheat Grain Microbiome And Antimicrobial Efficacy Against Challenge Pathogens And Their Resistance, Agata Los, Dana Ziuzina, Daniela Boehm, Paula Bourke

Articles

The safety and quality of cereal grain supplies are adversely impacted by microbiological contamination, with novel interventions required to maximise whole grains safety and stability. The microbiological contaminants of wheat grains and the efficacy of Atmospheric Cold Plasma (ACP) for potential to control these risks were investigated. The evaluations were performed using a contained reactor dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) system; samples were treated for 0–20 min using direct and indirect plasma exposure. Amplicon-based metagenomic analysis using bacterial 16S rRNA gene and fungal 18S rRNA gene with internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region was performed to characterize the change in microbial ...


Effect Of Atmospheric Cold Plasma Treatment On Fruit Juice Quality, Xiaoshuang Yu 2020 Iowa State University

Effect Of Atmospheric Cold Plasma Treatment On Fruit Juice Quality, Xiaoshuang Yu

Creative Components

Background:

Atmospheric cold plasma (ACP) is a novel non-thermal processing method, In the past decade, research has demonstrated that it is effective in inactivating microorganisms such as Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica and E. coli O157:H7, yeasts, and molds in food products. Moreover, it does not require any chemical reagents. The only cost of this treatment is natural gas and electricity. In this way, ACP is also a cost-efficient and environmentally friendly technology. Compared to thermal processing, non-thermal processing can result in greater nutritional value and quality attributes, such as color, pH, and texture. Therefore, it is important to determine ...


Cold Atmospheric Plasma Stimulates Clathrin-Dependent Endocytosis To Repair Oxidised Membrane And Enhance Uptake Of Nanomaterial In Glioblastoma Multiforme Cells, Zhonglei He, Kangze Li, Laurence Scally, Eline Manaloto, Sebnem Gunes, Sing Wei ng, Marcus Maher, Brijesh Tiwari, Hugh Byrne, Paula Bourke, Furong Tian, Patrick Cullen, James Curtin 2020 Technological University Dublin

Cold Atmospheric Plasma Stimulates Clathrin-Dependent Endocytosis To Repair Oxidised Membrane And Enhance Uptake Of Nanomaterial In Glioblastoma Multiforme Cells, Zhonglei He, Kangze Li, Laurence Scally, Eline Manaloto, Sebnem Gunes, Sing Wei Ng, Marcus Maher, Brijesh Tiwari, Hugh Byrne, Paula Bourke, Furong Tian, Patrick Cullen, James Curtin

Articles

Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) is increasingly studied in a growing number of clinical trials for cancer treat-ment1,2 and research is ongoing to explore the combination of CAP with other therapies, including nanoparticles, radiotherapy and chemotherapy3–5.Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are known to be weakly-toxic to human cells and be readily manufactured and designed for targeting delivery of various therapeutic compounds into cells. Citrate-capped cationic AuNPs may adsorb serum proteins onto their surface and thereby stimulate receptor-mediated endocytosis6. Without special surface functionalisation, AuNPs enter cells and become trapped in vesicles6–8 or enter the nucleus, depending on their size/shape9 ...


Effect Of Atmospheric Cold Plasma On The Functional Properties Of Whole Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Grain And Wheat Flour, Sonal Chaple, Chaitanya Sarangapani, John B. Jones, Ed Carey, Lucie Causeret, Annaik Genson, Brendan Duffy, Paula Bourke 2020 University College Dublin

Effect Of Atmospheric Cold Plasma On The Functional Properties Of Whole Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Grain And Wheat Flour, Sonal Chaple, Chaitanya Sarangapani, John B. Jones, Ed Carey, Lucie Causeret, Annaik Genson, Brendan Duffy, Paula Bourke

Articles

Atmospheric cold plasma (ACP) has emerged as a novel processing technology, with demonstrated efficiencies in microbial inactivation. However, studies on the effects of ACP and potential to modify the functional properties of foods are sparse. The objective of this study is to determine the effect of ACP on physico-chemical and functional properties of wheat flour. In this study, both whole wheat grains and wheat flour were subjected to a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) contained plasma reactor for a range of treatment times (5–30 min) at 80 kV. Plasma treatment increased the flour hydration properties of wheat flour. Rapid visco-analyser ...


Food Security And Diet Quality In Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, And Filipino Infants 3 To 12 Months Of Age, Sally Campbell, John J. Chen, Carol J. Boushey, Heather Eicher-Miller, Fengqing Zhu, Marie K. Fialkowski 2020 Technological University Dublin

Food Security And Diet Quality In Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, And Filipino Infants 3 To 12 Months Of Age, Sally Campbell, John J. Chen, Carol J. Boushey, Heather Eicher-Miller, Fengqing Zhu, Marie K. Fialkowski

Articles

Food insecurity and other nutritional risks in infancy pose a lifelong risk to wellbeing; however, their effect on diet quality in Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, and Filipino (NHPIF) infants in Hawai‘i is unknown. In this cross-sectional analysis, the association between various indicators of food security and NHPIF infant diet quality were investigated in 70 NHPIF infants aged 3–12 months residing on O‘ahu, Hawai‘i. The dietary assessments of the infants were collected using a mobile food recordTM. Foods consumed across four days were categorized into seven food groups. Indicators for food security were examined through an ...


Valorization Studies On Ice-Cream Wastewater And Whey Permeate, Maryam Enteshari 2020 South Dakota State University

Valorization Studies On Ice-Cream Wastewater And Whey Permeate, Maryam Enteshari

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ever growing demand for dairy products in many countries has led to advancements in the manufacture of such products. Nowadays, revolutionary trends for high-protein dairy foods and drinks products have brought about new challenges from processing requirements and manufacturing aspects. Using different membrane processing has enabled dairy manufacturers to produce different fraction of milk proteins such as micellar caseins, ultra-filtered (UF) milk proteins, whey proteins concentrate (WPC), and micellar casein concentrate (MCC) to meet the nutritional needs with variety of milk product options. However, the installation of new processing lines and establishing further manufacturing steps requires more consumption of water ...


How Fishy Is Your Fish? Authentication, Provenance And Traceability In Fish And Seafood By Means Of Vibrational Spectroscopy, Aoife Power, Daniel Cozzolino 2020 Technological University Dublin

How Fishy Is Your Fish? Authentication, Provenance And Traceability In Fish And Seafood By Means Of Vibrational Spectroscopy, Aoife Power, Daniel Cozzolino

Articles

Food authenticity, traceability and provenance are emerging issues of major concern forconsumers, industries and regulatory bodies worldwide. In addition, both food safety and securityare an intrinsic component of food quality where the above issues are key in modern traceabilityand management systems. It has been reported that substitution of a high-quality species by lessexpensive ones might be a frequent practice in seafood products such as fish and shellfish. In thistype of products, the source (e.g., origin) and identification of the species are complex. Althoughdifferent countries have implemented strict regulations and labelling protocols, these issues still are ofconcern. This article briefly ...


Use Of Auctions To Assess Consumer Value For Milk From Different Packaging, Molly Paterson, Stephanie Clark 2019 Johnsonville LLC

Use Of Auctions To Assess Consumer Value For Milk From Different Packaging, Molly Paterson, Stephanie Clark

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a sensory experience and educational message on consumer value for fluid milk in different containers: translucent high-density polyethylene (HDPE), white-pigmented HDPE (light-block), and paperboard. We carried out 11 auction sessions (n = 100). Sessions included an explanation of the experiment process; a survey about demographics and milk purchasing and consumption behaviors; a sensory evaluation; an educational message; and 3 rounds of nth price auctions. Consumers were blindly served 2 pairs of milk samples—2% milk from paperboard and translucent HDPE, and skim milk from paperboard and translucent HDPE—and ...


Effect Of High-Power Sonication Pretreatment On Extraction And Some Physicochemical Properties Of Proteins From Chickpea, Kidney Bean, And Soybean, Bibek Byanju, Md Mahfuzur Rahman, Milagros P. Hojilla-Evangelista, Buddhi P. Lamsal 2019 Iowa State University

Effect Of High-Power Sonication Pretreatment On Extraction And Some Physicochemical Properties Of Proteins From Chickpea, Kidney Bean, And Soybean, Bibek Byanju, Md Mahfuzur Rahman, Milagros P. Hojilla-Evangelista, Buddhi P. Lamsal

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Impact of high-power sonication (HPS) as pretreatment in extraction and some physicochemical properties of proteins from soybean flakes, flour of soybean, chickpea, and kidney bean was evaluated. Soybean flakes and flours from soybean, chickpea, and kidney bean were dispersed in distilled water (1.10 w/v) and sonicated at two power densities (PD) of 2.5 and 4.5 W/cm3 for 5 min continuously. Proteins were extracted at pH range 8–8.5. PD 2.5 and 4.5 W/cm3 significantly increased protein extraction yields from soy flakes to 29.03% and 25.87%, respectively, compared to 15 ...


Total Phenolic And Flavonoid Contents Of Anacyclus Pyrethrum Link Plant Extracts And Their Antioxidant Activity, Hanane Elazzouzi, Nadia Zekri, Touriya Zair, Mohamed Alaoui El Belghiti 2019 University Mohammed V, Faculty of Sciences Rabat

Total Phenolic And Flavonoid Contents Of Anacyclus Pyrethrum Link Plant Extracts And Their Antioxidant Activity, Hanane Elazzouzi, Nadia Zekri, Touriya Zair, Mohamed Alaoui El Belghiti

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

In this study, Anacyclus pyrethrm Link (roots) is a medicinal plant from the Asteraceae family, endemic to Morocco and is widely used in traditional medicine; was investigated for their total phenolics, flavonoids contents and antioxidant activities. The quantitative estimation of total flavonoids and phenols by the colorimetric method showed that the extracts were prepared by fractionation of the crude hydromethanolic extract (ethyl acetate and n-butanol). The phenol content of various extracts, estimated by the Folin-Ciocalteu method, was between 1,44 and 12,82 mg EAG / g extract of A. pyrethrum. Moreover, it is clear that ethyl acetate was the ...


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