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The Influence Of Different Packaging Materials And Atmospheric Conditions On The Properties Of Pork Rinds, Kristi Kõrge, Katrin Laos 2019 TalTech (Tallinn University of Technology)

The Influence Of Different Packaging Materials And Atmospheric Conditions On The Properties Of Pork Rinds, Kristi Kõrge, Katrin Laos

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Rancidity development in high fat content products is a common off-flavor flaw in snack foods. Packaging is often used to avoid spoilage and extend shelf-life. The properties of pork rinds packaged in four different packaging materials with and without nitrogen were studied during 120 days of storage (22 °C, RH 60%, absence of light). The influence of different packaging materials and atmospheric conditions on pork rinds’ water activity, hardness, crispness and rancidity development was determined. The PET/PE packaging material had lower barrier properties for the product in both atmospheric conditions compared with PP/metPP (40 and 50 μm) and ...


Determining Kinetic Parameters Of Thiamine Degradation In Three Nasa Spaceflight Foods In Thermal Processing And Long-Term Storage And Methods For Analyzing Microstructure And Precipitant Development In Real And Model Wines, Timothy R. Goulette 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Determining Kinetic Parameters Of Thiamine Degradation In Three Nasa Spaceflight Foods In Thermal Processing And Long-Term Storage And Methods For Analyzing Microstructure And Precipitant Development In Real And Model Wines, Timothy R. Goulette

Doctoral Dissertations

The current NASA spaceflight food program encompasses a wide variety of commercial and custom-made edible products. These foods are designed to ensure each crewmember receives the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of vitamins and minerals to maintain adequate health during the entire spaceflight mission. With the desire for long-duration and exploration-class missions, such as the impending mission to Mars, the retention of important nutrients such as labile vitamins in spaceflight foods is critically important. For this reason, multiple studies were conducted to determine the vitamin degradation behavior of thiamine (vitamin B1) within three spaceflight foods which demonstrated both significant presence ...


The Bioactive Effects Of Chicoric Acid As A Functional Food Ingredient, Ye Peng 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Bioactive Effects Of Chicoric Acid As A Functional Food Ingredient, Ye Peng

Doctoral Dissertations

Chicoric acid, a hydroxycinnamic acid, has been reported to possess a variety of health benefits, including antivirus, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, obesity prevention and neuroprotection effects. However, its role on aging and glucose homeostasis are largely unknown. Therefore, the bioactive effects of chicoric acid on aging and glucose homeostasis were determined using Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) and C2C12 myotubes, respectively. Our study showed that chicoric acid (25 and 50 µM) significantly extended the lifespan of C. elegans and increased median survival rates. The declines of pumping rate and locomotive activity, two indicators of aging, were delayed by chicoric acid. Chicoric acid also ...


L-Cysteine Effects On Chlorogenic Acid Quinone-Amino Acid Induced Greening And Browning: Mechanism And Effects On Antioxidant Capacity, Yundi Liang 2019 Chapman University

L-Cysteine Effects On Chlorogenic Acid Quinone-Amino Acid Induced Greening And Browning: Mechanism And Effects On Antioxidant Capacity, Yundi Liang

Food Science (MS) Theses

The formation of green trihydroxy benzacridine (TBA) derivatives when chlorogenic acid (CGA) quinones and amino acids react can be visually unappealing in some applications where CGA containing ingredients are used. Cysteine was studied as an amino acid anti-greening strategy, because cysteine-CGA conjugates are colorless. Buffered CGA: lysine: cysteine solutions at pH 8.0 and 9.0 were prepared and incubated for a maximum of 48 h at ambient temperature. Color intensity was periodically monitored using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Quantification and identification of conjugate formation were conducted by HPLC and LC-MS, while Antioxidant capacity was assessed by Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity ...


Postmortem Biochemical And Textural Changes In The Patinopecten Yessoensis Adductor Muscle (Pyam) During Iced Storage, Xin Xiong, Baoyu He, Di Jiang, Xiufang Dong, Aeneas Koosis, Chenxu Yu, Hang Qi 2019 Dalian Polytechnic University

Postmortem Biochemical And Textural Changes In The Patinopecten Yessoensis Adductor Muscle (Pyam) During Iced Storage, Xin Xiong, Baoyu He, Di Jiang, Xiufang Dong, Aeneas Koosis, Chenxu Yu, Hang Qi

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Postmortem characteristics of Patinopecten yessoensis adductor muscle (PYAM) were evaluated by biochemical, chemical and textural changes during iced storage for 14 days. Triphosphate (ATP) and its breakdown products, K-value, total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N), pH, water-holding capacity (WHC), color, texture, protein degradation and cathepsin activities were monitored. K-value increased linearly from 5.9 ± 0.9% at day 0 to 28.1 ± 2.4% at day 2 and 70.2 ± 1.8% at day 12. Spoilage indicator TVB-N (mg/100 g) increased from 10.0 ± 0.6 to 34.6 ± 3.1 at day 12. Textural parameters (e.g., hardness, chewiness ...


Crystal Structure Of Zymonic Acid And A Redetermination Of Its Precursor, Pyruvic Acid, Dominik Heger, Alexis J. Eugene, Sean R. Parkin, Marcelo I. Guzman 2019 University of Kentucky

Crystal Structure Of Zymonic Acid And A Redetermination Of Its Precursor, Pyruvic Acid, Dominik Heger, Alexis J. Eugene, Sean R. Parkin, Marcelo I. Guzman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The structure of zymonic acid (systematic name: 4-hy­droxy-2-methyl-5-oxo-2,5-di­hydro­furan-2-carb­oxy­lic acid), C6H6O5, which had previously eluded crystallographic determination, is presented here for the first time. It forms by intra­molecular condensation of parapyruvic acid, which is the product of aldol condensation of pyruvic acid. A redetermination of the crystal structure of pyruvic acid (systematic name: 2-oxo­propanoic acid), C3H4O3, at low temperature (90 K) and with increased precision, is also presented [for the previous structure, see: Harata et al. (1977). Acta Cryst. B33, 210–212 ...


Saponin Removal From Quinoa By Abrasion Processing, Luke Lundberg 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Saponin Removal From Quinoa By Abrasion Processing, Luke Lundberg

Master's Theses

Quinoa is coated with a thin layer of saponins, glycosylated triterpenoids, that produce a bitter flavor when consumed. The average saponin content in commercial varietals from Bolivia average around 2.7% saponins and organoleptic testing shows the threshold for noticing a bitter flavor is below 0.12% (Medina-Meza et al., 2016). Current industrial processing methods use a combination of abrasion and turbulent water flow to remove saponin. This study will address the following research question: How will grain-to-grain and grain-to-surface abrasion affect the processing time to remove saponin from quinoa? In particular, can effective saponin removal be achieved in less ...


Hybrid Processing, Zhiyou Wen, Laura R. Jarboe 2019 Iowa State University

Hybrid Processing, Zhiyou Wen, Laura R. Jarboe

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Human societies have converted biomass into energy and products for millennia using both biochemical and thermochemical processes. Familiar examples of biochemical processing includes fermentation of sugar- or starch-rich crops and milk into sauerkraut, beer, wine, yogurt, and cheese. Familiar examples of thermochemical processing include baking and cooking of food and burning wood for heat and power.


Anthocyanin Stability In Food Products Made With Freeze-Dried Blueberry Powder, Samantha Findley 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Anthocyanin Stability In Food Products Made With Freeze-Dried Blueberry Powder, Samantha Findley

Food Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study evaluated the stability of anthocyanins in six blueberry products (gummy, graham bar, oatmeal bar, rice krispy bar, ice pop and juice) prepared with freeze-dried wild blueberry powder during processing and over eight weeks storage. Total anthocyanins were determined by HPLC before processing and at day 0 and 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks of storage. Thermal processing of gummy and graham bar products resulted in significant losses of anthocyanins (50% and 31%, respectively). An eight-week storage time also resulted in a significant decrease in anthocyanins (7% to 51%) in products stored at ambient temperature. The ice pop, which ...


Standardization And Extrapolation Of Icing Stability, Shelf Life, And Safety Under Heat Abuse, Jaden Castinado 2019 Kansas State University Libraries

Standardization And Extrapolation Of Icing Stability, Shelf Life, And Safety Under Heat Abuse, Jaden Castinado

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

Inquiries from Kansas citizens requested information on the stability, shelf life, and safety of icings on baked goods after prolonged exposure to heat without refrigeration, often common at county and state fairs. Methods include compiling a sample of icing recipes from Kansas citizens and entering into a database so that recipes could be sorted by factors such as sugar and/or dairy content. A central composite design will then be used to identify trials with variable amounts of sugar, dairy, and sugar with dairy. Current work is focused on creating a concise and navigable database with sufficient data to create ...


Encapsulation Of Astaxanthin-Enriched Camelina Seed Oil Obtained By Ethanol-Modified Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction, Liyang Xie 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Encapsulation Of Astaxanthin-Enriched Camelina Seed Oil Obtained By Ethanol-Modified Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction, Liyang Xie

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Astaxanthin is a high-value carotenoid widely used in the food, feed, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical industries. Natural sources of astaxanthin are preferable to synthetic sources. However, current sources of natural astaxanthin are limited and fall short of global demand. In addition, effective extraction and stabilization strategies are needed before the utilization of natural astaxanthin in food applications. This work investigated 1) the feasibility of ethanol-modified supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction of astaxanthin from engineered camelina seed, a potential source of natural astaxanthin, and 2) the potential of an emulsion-based system to protect astaxanthin after extraction. The physical properties of the emulsion ...


Hybridized Polymeric Nano-Assemblies: Key Insights Into Addressing Mdr Infections, Ryan Landis 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Hybridized Polymeric Nano-Assemblies: Key Insights Into Addressing Mdr Infections, Ryan Landis

Doctoral Dissertations

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria contribute to more than 700,000 annual deaths world-wide. Millions more suffer from limb amputations or face high healthcare treatment costs where prolonged and costly therapeutic regimens are used to counter MDR infections. While there is an international push to develop novel and more powerful antimicrobials to address the impending threat, one particularly interesting approach that has re-emerged are essential oils, phytochemical extracts derived from plant sources. While their antimicrobial activity demonstrates a promising avenue, their stability in aqueous media, limits their practical use in or on mammals. Inspired by the versatility of polymer nanotechnology and the ...


Strategies To Increase Lipid Oxidative Stability Of A Low Moisture Cracker System, Thanh Vu 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Strategies To Increase Lipid Oxidative Stability Of A Low Moisture Cracker System, Thanh Vu

Doctoral Dissertations

The first study focuses on impact of solid fat content (SFC) on lipid oxidation and micro-structure of low moisture crackers. A series of fats were formulated to have varying SFC but the same linoleic acid (18:2) and tocopherol compositions so the fats had similar susceptibility to oxidation. A comparison of the oxidative stability of interesterified soybean oil and a blend of fully hydrogenated soybean fat and soybean oil, the interesterified fat (13.7% SFC at 55 oC) resulted in a more oxidatively stable cracker than the fat blend (17.4% SFC at 55 oC). Similarly in crackers ...


Neither Thermosonication Nor Cold Sonication Is Better Than Pasteurization For Milk Shelf Life, Seung-Yong Lim, Lily C. Benner, Stephanie Clark 2019 Kunsan National University

Neither Thermosonication Nor Cold Sonication Is Better Than Pasteurization For Milk Shelf Life, Seung-Yong Lim, Lily C. Benner, Stephanie Clark

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

High-power, low-frequency ultrasound has been suggested as a novel processing technique with the potential to extend milk shelf life via inactivation of bacteria and spores that survive standard pasteurization. The primary objective of this research was to determine whether short-duration (≤60 s) sonication treatment, in conjunction with pasteurization, can increase shelf life while producing no adverse aroma effect. Skim milk was inoculated with Paenibacillus amylolyticus, a spore-forming, thermotolerant and psychrophilic milk contamination bacterium. Milk was sonicated under 6 selected amplitude and time conditions, except for control. Both cold sonicated (C-S) and thermosonicated (T-S) milk and milk treatments were pasteurized; however ...


Modifying The Physical Properties Of Butter Using High-Intensity Ultrasound, Jiwon Lee, Silvana Martini 2019 Utah State University

Modifying The Physical Properties Of Butter Using High-Intensity Ultrasound, Jiwon Lee, Silvana Martini

Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences Faculty Publications

The physical qualities of butter are affected by the physical properties of the cream used to make it. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of high-intensity ultrasound (HIU) on the physical properties of cream and butter. High-intensity ultrasound (frequency: 20 kHz, amplitude: 108 µm), often called sonication, was applied for 0, 10, 30, 60, and 90 s using a 1.27-cm-diameter tip to heavy cream (40% fat; 300 g) that was aged at 7.5°C with low agitation (40 rpm) for 90 min. Sonicated cream was churned at 7.5°C until butter grains were ...


Thermal, Interfacial, And Application Properties Of Pea Protein Modified With High Intensity Ultrasound, Aeneas Koosis 2019 University of Kentucky

Thermal, Interfacial, And Application Properties Of Pea Protein Modified With High Intensity Ultrasound, Aeneas Koosis

Theses and Dissertations--Animal and Food Sciences

The overall objective of the study was to investigate different food ingredient conditions and ultrasound treatment on pea protein in terms of surface morphology and thermal characteristics. The motivation of this work was based on previous studies focusing on non-chemical physical modifications of plant proteins and the increasing demand for functional alternative proteins.

Ultrasonication time and amplitude, pH, protein concentration, and salt concentration all influenced the thermal and interfacial properties of pea protein. Ultrasound treatment altered the quaternary and tertiary structure of the storage protein and disrupted non-covalent bonds. The structural altercations and a reduction in particle size led to ...


Dry Bean Preferences And Attitudes Among Midwest Hispanic And Non-Hispanic White Women, Donna M. Winham, Megan E. Tisue, Shelly M. Palmer, Karen A. Cichy, Mack C. Shelley 2019 Iowa State University

Dry Bean Preferences And Attitudes Among Midwest Hispanic And Non-Hispanic White Women, Donna M. Winham, Megan E. Tisue, Shelly M. Palmer, Karen A. Cichy, Mack C. Shelley

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) intakes in the United States (US) lag behind dietary recommendations despite their positive nutrition profile, health benefits for reducing chronic disease risk, and inclusion in nutrition assistance programs. Low-income groups, including Hispanics, have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and some cancers. Hispanic dietary quality and bean consumption may decline with increasing acculturation. Intakes at recommended levels could improve health in all vulnerable low-income populations. The study objectives were to describe dry and canned bean preferences, consumption frequency, and attitudes among low-income Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women, and to assess if these ...


Desarrollo De Una Bebida Refrescante Con Antioxidantes A Base De Café Verde (Coffea Arábica) Y Pulpa De Gulupa (Passiflora Edulis Sims), Iendy Sharik Gil Ruiz, Gina Viviana Deaza Mancera 2019 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Desarrollo De Una Bebida Refrescante Con Antioxidantes A Base De Café Verde (Coffea Arábica) Y Pulpa De Gulupa (Passiflora Edulis Sims), Iendy Sharik Gil Ruiz, Gina Viviana Deaza Mancera

Ingeniería de Alimentos

La presente investigación tiene como objeto el desarrollo de una bebida refrescante, el cual aporte la capacidad antioxidante del café verde (Coffea arabica) y la gulupa (Passiflora edulis Sims), incluyendo sus características fisicoquímicas. Para ello, se evaluaron diferentes formulaciones de la bebida refrescante. La bebida se elaboró a partir de la mezcla de una infusión de café verde y pulpa de gulupa previamente caracterizadas, teniendo en cuenta que los niveles de cafeína no superaran lo recomendado por el INVIMA en el Acta 03/06 (250 mg / L). Las formulaciones evaluadas fueron: T1: 0% infusión de café verde, 100% agua (Patrón ...


Anthocyanin Stability In Food Products Made With Freeze-Dried Blueberry Powder, Samantha R. Findley, Luke Howard 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Anthocyanin Stability In Food Products Made With Freeze-Dried Blueberry Powder, Samantha R. Findley, Luke Howard

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

This study evaluated the stability of anthocyanins in six blueberry products (gummy, graham bar, oatmeal bar, rice krispy bar, ice pop and juice) prepared with freeze-dried wild blueberry powder during processing and over eight weeks storage. Total anthocyanins were determined by HPLC before processing and at day 0 and 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks of storage. Thermal processing of gummy and graham bar products resulted in losses of anthocyanins (50 and 31%, respectively). An eight-week storage time also resulted in a decrease in anthocyanins (7 to 51%) in products stored at ambient temperature. The ice pop, which was stored ...


Characterization Of Major Flavonols In Ramps (Allium Tricoccum), Wijdan M. Dabeek 2019 West Virginia University

Characterization Of Major Flavonols In Ramps (Allium Tricoccum), Wijdan M. Dabeek

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Ramps (Allium tricoccum) is a traditional plant in the eastern Appalachian Mountains. Ramps have been used in Appalachian folk medicine for its health promoting roles in lowering blood pressure and cholesterol. Information on the chemical composition of bioactive components responsible for the potential health benefits are scarce. Analysis of the chemical composition in similar Alliumplants showed that flavonols, induced similar health benefits. Therefore, the aim of this work is to characterize major flavonol conjugates in ramps. The secondary aim is to develop a preliminary quantification protocol. Flavonol glycosides were extracted in 50% methanol and 3% acetic acid. Characterization of ...


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