Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Food Biotechnology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

4,479 Full-Text Articles 13,042 Authors 180,693 Downloads 58 Institutions

All Articles in Food Biotechnology

Faceted Search

4,479 full-text articles. Page 1 of 222.

Antioxidant Properties Of Kombucha Beverage Infused With Ganoderma Lucidum And Green Tea From Camellia Sinensis (L.) Kuntze With Several Fermentation Times, Rizki Rabeca Elfirta, Pamungkas Rizki Ferdian, Iwan Saskiawan, Tri Hadi Handayani, Kayla Faza Gustafri Mandalika, Rini Riffiani, Kasirah Kasirah, Ukhradiya Magharaniq Safira Purwanto 2024 Research Center for Applied Microbiology, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN). Cibinong, 16911, West Java, Indonesia

Antioxidant Properties Of Kombucha Beverage Infused With Ganoderma Lucidum And Green Tea From Camellia Sinensis (L.) Kuntze With Several Fermentation Times, Rizki Rabeca Elfirta, Pamungkas Rizki Ferdian, Iwan Saskiawan, Tri Hadi Handayani, Kayla Faza Gustafri Mandalika, Rini Riffiani, Kasirah Kasirah, Ukhradiya Magharaniq Safira Purwanto

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Kombucha is a functional beverage produced through the fermentation of infused tea or Camelia sinensis (L.) Kuntze (CS) by a symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast. Apparently, the substrate of kombucha can be substituted to enhance its functional properties. Ganoderma lucidum (GL) is a potential substrate reported to have health benefits. This study aims to evaluate antioxidant properties by comparing different formulations and fermentation times. The formulations prepared in the present study varied in the compositions of GL and CS substrates, namely F1 (100% GL), F2 (75% GL: 25% CS), F3 (50% GL: 50% CS), F4 (25% GL: 75% CS), …


Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia 2023 Brigham Young University

Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia

Journal of Nonprofit Innovation

Urban farming can enhance the lives of communities and help reduce food scarcity. This paper presents a conceptual prototype of an efficient urban farming community that can be scaled for a single apartment building or an entire community across all global geoeconomics regions, including densely populated cities and rural, developing towns and communities. When deployed in coordination with smart crop choices, local farm support, and efficient transportation then the result isn’t just sustainability, but also increasing fresh produce accessibility, optimizing nutritional value, eliminating the use of ‘forever chemicals’, reducing transportation costs, and fostering global environmental benefits.

Imagine Doris, who is …


Development Of An Intact Mass Spectrometry Method For The Detection And Differentiation Of Major Bovine Milk Proteins, Emily F. Harley-Dowell 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Development Of An Intact Mass Spectrometry Method For The Detection And Differentiation Of Major Bovine Milk Proteins, Emily F. Harley-Dowell

Department of Food Science and Technology: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The authentication of products with claims regarding protein sources or compositions is a challenge for traditional analytical methods, which generally lack the required specificity whole protein analysis can provide. For example, the establishment of milk as “A2” is achieved through genetic testing of cows before milk production, with no methods to authenticate milk products themselves. Establishment of A2 milk is completed through genetic testing of the cows before milk production, but with no methods to authenticate the milk products themselves. Intact protein mass spectrometry (MS) has the potential to directly authenticate protein products, including specific proteoform claims. The development of …


Village-Level Processing Of Pangi (Pangium Edule Reinw.) Seeds By The Obu Manuvu Improves The Edibility And Level Of Some Nutritional Factors [Research Note], Rovi Gem E. Villame-Gayagas, Jennifer P. Fronteras, Maria Christna D. Nacar, Aaron P. Lorilla, Pedro A. Alviola IV 2023 College of Science and Mathematics, University of the Philippines Mindanao, Tugbok District, Mintal, Davao City, Philippines 8000

Village-Level Processing Of Pangi (Pangium Edule Reinw.) Seeds By The Obu Manuvu Improves The Edibility And Level Of Some Nutritional Factors [Research Note], Rovi Gem E. Villame-Gayagas, Jennifer P. Fronteras, Maria Christna D. Nacar, Aaron P. Lorilla, Pedro A. Alviola Iv

The Philippine Agricultural Scientist

Pangi (Pangium edule Reinw) seed is known to be a poisonous material. However, it becomes safe for consumption after processing. This study determined the effect of village-level processing by the Obu Manuvu community of Marilog District, Davao City, Philippines on the antinutrient and nutritional composition of Pangi seeds. Processing methods involved washing with running water for about 15 s, boiling in water for 30 min, and soaking in flowing water in a nearby river overnight. Results showed that after processing, the levels of antinutrients such as cyanogenic glycosides and oxalates were reduced significantly (p < 0.05) by 99.15% and 78.23%, respectively. Further, the tannin content was also significantly reduced by 96.15%. The crude fat content significantly increased (p < 0.05) by about 54%. Crude ash and fiber decreased, while protein did not change significantly (p < 0.05). Minerals such as calcium and zinc increased (p < 0.05) by 221.43% and 64.39%, respectively while the iron and manganese levels remained unaffected. Findings of the study suggested that the processing method by the Obu Manuvu effectively reduces the level of antinutrients, thereby improving the edibility and safety of Pangi seeds. Further, the processing method improves the level of some nutrients, specifically crude fat, calcium, and zinc.


Exploring The Nutritional, Antioxidant, And Lipid-Lowering Properties Of Saba Banana (Musa Acuminata X Balbisiana Bbb Group) Peels, PAUL ALTEO BAGABALDO, Liezl M. Atienza, Katherine Ann T. Castillo-Israel, Aimee Sheree A. Barrion, Antonio C. Laurena, Maria Amelita C. Estacio 2023 Institute of Human Nutrition and Food, College of Human Ecology, University of the Philippines Los Baños, 4031, Philippines

Exploring The Nutritional, Antioxidant, And Lipid-Lowering Properties Of Saba Banana (Musa Acuminata X Balbisiana Bbb Group) Peels, Paul Alteo Bagabaldo, Liezl M. Atienza, Katherine Ann T. Castillo-Israel, Aimee Sheree A. Barrion, Antonio C. Laurena, Maria Amelita C. Estacio

The Philippine Agricultural Scientist

This study investigated the nutritional and functional components of ‘saba’ banana peel (SBP) to determine its health-promoting potential for special food applications. SBP has undergone analyses measuring proximate composition, vitamin C, antioxidant activity, phytochemical content, estimated glycemic index (eGI), pancreatic lipase inhibition, and cholesterol micellar solubility inhibition. Data were processed using SPSS v20 and expressed as mean ± SD. Proximate analysis showed that SBP contained 83.83 ± 1.06% moisture, 6.74 ± 0.83% crude fat, 5.58 ± 0.24% crude protein, 9.97 ± 0.04% total ash, 9.91 ± 0.10% crude fiber, and 60.08% nitrogen-free extracts. Vitamin C content was found to be …


Understanding And Developing Safer Sanitation Agents And Strategies In Food Production Environments, Pragathi Kamarasu 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Understanding And Developing Safer Sanitation Agents And Strategies In Food Production Environments, Pragathi Kamarasu

Doctoral Dissertations

Food is a primary resource for survival of human beings, and it is also one of the primary resources for spread of infectious diseases. When both these factors come together it does not only cause ill effects on our health but also causes a burden on the food and agricultural industry. Through the help of science, us researchers and scientists have always tried to reduce this burden. And I hope like a drop of water in the ocean in some way my research contributes towards this. According to WHO currently in 2023 there are about 1 in 10 people falling …


Impact Of Fermented And Non-Fermented Plant-Based Foods Supplementation On Gut Microbiota And Metabolites In C57bl/6j Mice, Priya Darshan Gandhi 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Impact Of Fermented And Non-Fermented Plant-Based Foods Supplementation On Gut Microbiota And Metabolites In C57bl/6j Mice, Priya Darshan Gandhi

Masters Theses

Plant-based proteins have gained popularity because of their high nutritional value and more sustainable alternative to animal-based proteins. Soybean and chickpea are two widely consumed plant-based proteins, whereas tempeh is a popular plant-based fermented whole food product that is rich in protein. With the increase in the development of plant-based food products, there is little research into how plant proteins affect gut microbiota characteristics and metabolites. Therefore, there is a need to understand the underlying mechanisms surrounding the consumption of these foods. The purpose of this study was to investigate the health benefits of soybean, chickpea, and their tempeh counterparts’ …


Valorisation Of Underutilised Dairy Waste Residues: Production Of Lactic Acid Through Microbial Fermentation, Chatan Rai Surana 2023 Department of Biological Sciences, Munster Technological University, T12 P928 Cork, Ireland

Valorisation Of Underutilised Dairy Waste Residues: Production Of Lactic Acid Through Microbial Fermentation, Chatan Rai Surana

ORBioM (Open Research BioSciences Meeting)

Annually, approximately 190 million tonnes of liquid waste or co-products is generated by the dairy sector across the globe. These waste streams are nutrient-rich and currently underutilised which gives scope to transform them through microbial fermentation to produce economically valuable products and reduce their negative environmental impact. Such an approach can contribute to the circular bioeconomy by making food production systems more sustainable.

In this study, whey from acid casein hydrolysis (acid whey) and salty whey from Cheddar cheese manufacture were evaluated as feedstocks for production of lactic acid. A total of 466 lactic acid bacteria strains were screened on …


Dry-Aged Beef Flavor Development, And The Effect Of High Levels Of Vitamin-E On Beef Color Stability, Nicolas Herrera 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Dry-Aged Beef Flavor Development, And The Effect Of High Levels Of Vitamin-E On Beef Color Stability, Nicolas Herrera

Department of Animal Science: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Palatability and consumer purchasing are essential factors of fresh meat. To meet consumer expectations during purchasing and consumption, fresh beef must maintain desirable cherry-red color at retail and achieve desirable cooked flavor. Dry-aged beef popularity has grown, and identifying methods to ensure quality dry-aged meat is necessary to maintain demand. To understand dry-aged palatability, this dissertation addressed effects of moisture loss and aging time, fundamental factors of dry-aged beef, using bone-in and boneless strip loins. Study two investigated flavor development using cookery methods and internal temperatures in boneless and bone-in dry-aged beef. In study one, increased dry-aging time (creation effect) …


Influence Of Overcooking On Food Digestibility And In Vitro Fermentation, Wensheng Ding 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Influence Of Overcooking On Food Digestibility And In Vitro Fermentation, Wensheng Ding

Department of Food Science and Technology: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Areas of char or overcooking commonly appear in foods people consume. It has been reported that overcooked food is harmful to human health. However, little research exists on the effect of overcooking on in vitro protein and starch digestibility and gut microbial fermentation. This study aimed to reveal the connection between overcooking and in vitro protein and starch digestibility and gut microbial fermentation. In vitro protein digestibility of an overcooked ground beef patty was almost half that of a standard cooked sample (27 ± 2% versus 48 ± 6%, respectively; p = 0.02). Whole wheat bread protein digestibility was also …


Evaluating Salmonella Cross Contamination In Raw Chicken Thighs In Simulated Post-Chill Tanks, Raziya Sadat 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Evaluating Salmonella Cross Contamination In Raw Chicken Thighs In Simulated Post-Chill Tanks, Raziya Sadat

Department of Food Science and Technology: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Salmonella contamination poses a significant risk to food safety, particularly in poultry products and public health. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of peracetic acid (PAA) treatment in mitigating Salmonella cross-contamination in chicken thighs within simulated post-chill tanks, considering different inoculum concentrations and organic matter (OM) levels.

The experiment involved the use of five distinct Salmonella serovars to inoculate chicken thighs, which were categorized into two groups: higher inoculation level (ca. 7 log CFU/mL) and lower inoculation level (ca, 4 log CFU/mL). These groups underwent treatment with four different solutions, including 540 ppm PAA with 1.5% OM, 540 ppm …


Enhancing Lovastatin Biosynthesis In Oyster Mushrooms (Pleurotus Ostreatus) Using Phytohormones, Fransisca Astrid Mustafa, Mamat Kandar, I Nyoman Pugeg Aryantha 2023 Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia

Enhancing Lovastatin Biosynthesis In Oyster Mushrooms (Pleurotus Ostreatus) Using Phytohormones, Fransisca Astrid Mustafa, Mamat Kandar, I Nyoman Pugeg Aryantha

Makara Journal of Science

The biosynthesis of lovastatin, the anti-cholesterol compound, in oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus), has the potential to be enhanced by utilizing phytohormones, which activate the expression of certain genes. This research aimed to determine the best type and concentration of phytohormone among auxin, gibberellin, and cytokinin, as well as the best mycelial colonization percentage in F2 medium to realize the greatest increase in lovastatin biosynthesis in oyster mushrooms. Lovastatin was extracted from the fruiting bodies and mycelia and analyzed by spectrophotometry. The analysis of CYP450 linked to lovastatin biosynthesis was conducted by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) using samples containing …


Extraction And Functional Characteristics And Structural Analysis Of Porcine Liver Salt Soluble Protein, WANG Hao-yang, LIU Li-li, CHENG Wei-wei, XU Bao-cheng, SU Ke-nan 2023 College of Food and Bioengineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, Henan 471023, China

Extraction And Functional Characteristics And Structural Analysis Of Porcine Liver Salt Soluble Protein, Wang Hao-Yang, Liu Li-Li, Cheng Wei-Wei, Xu Bao-Cheng, Su Ke-Nan

Food and Machinery

Objective: Optimize the preparation process of salt-soluble porcine liver protein and improve the utilization rate of porcine liver by-products. Methods: Taking the extraction rate as the index, the effects of NaCl concentration, pH, extraction time and solid-liquid ratio on the extraction rate of SSLP were analyzed, and the optimal preparation process was determined by orthogonal rotation optimization test. Taking water soluble liver proteins (WSLP) as the control, the functional characteristics (solubility, foaming, foam stability, emulsification, emulsification stability, etc.) of SSLP were compared and analyzed, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used, the structural changes were analyzed by low field …


Process Optimization And Kinetics Of Arabinose Preparation By Dilute Acid Hydrolysis, TIAN Long, TONG Fen-fei 2023 Nanyang Normal University, Nanyang, Henan 473061, China; Research Center of Henan Provincial Agricultural Biomass Resource Engineering and Technology, Nanyang, Henan 473061, China

Process Optimization And Kinetics Of Arabinose Preparation By Dilute Acid Hydrolysis, Tian Long, Tong Fen-Fei

Food and Machinery

Objective: Preferred biomass hydrolysis for preparation of arabinose and its kinetic analysis during the hydrolysis process. Methods: Single factor experiment and response surface methodology were used to optimize the conditions for the preparation of arabinose from gum Arabic by dilute acid hydrolysis, and the kinetics of the hydrolysis process was studied. Results: The optimum hydrolysis conditions were as follows: reaction time 237 min, sulfuric acid concentration 0.16 mol/L, reaction temperature 91 ℃. Three parallel experiments were carried out under these conditions. The average concentration of L-arabinose in the hydrolysate was 35.45 g/L. The kinetic parameters of arabinose formation and …


Analysis And Risk Assessment Of Pesticide Residues In Peach Gum, TIAN Ju, LI Yong, LU Chun-mao, YU Xiang-yang 2023 College of Food Science, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110000, China; Key Lab of Food Quality and Safety of Jiangsu Province, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210014, China; Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210014, China

Analysis And Risk Assessment Of Pesticide Residues In Peach Gum, Tian Ju, Li Yong, Lu Chun-Mao, Yu Xiang-Yang

Food and Machinery

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the residues and risk assessment of pesticides in peach gum. Methods: The quantitative analysis of 44 pesticide residues in peach gum was established based on liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and the pesticide residues in 173 peach gum samples were detected as well as the risk assessment of pesticide residues. Results: The limits of detection (LOD) and the limits of quantification (LOQ) of 44 kinds of pesticides in this quantitative method were between 0.05~1.80 μg/kg and 0.20~2.42 μg/kg, respectively. Recoveries of these pesticides ranged from 61.77%~119.48%. In 173 peach gum samples, 22 out of …


Optimal Design Of Transmission Mechanism Of Mechanical Stamping Jiuqu Starter Press, ZHANG Ming-song, ZHANG Yan-bin, CAI Zhen-yu, CHEN Zi-qi, BIAN Xin-he 2023 College of Mechanical & Power Engineering, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, Hubei 443000, China

Optimal Design Of Transmission Mechanism Of Mechanical Stamping Jiuqu Starter Press, Zhang Ming-Song, Zhang Yan-Bin, Cai Zhen-Yu, Chen Zi-Qi, Bian Xin-He

Food and Machinery

Objective: To solve the problem that the thickness and tightness of the rhizopus brick by traditional mechanical stamping JIUQU starter press were different, so as to achieve the effect of manual trampling on the liquor. Methods: Through the analysis of the existing JIUQU starter press machine in the distillery, the transmission mechanism of the mechanical stamping JIUQU starter press machine was optimized, the original crank connecting rod mechanism that controlled the movement of the JIUQU starter die was replaced by the groove cam mechanism, and the cam profile curve was inversely calculated according to the relationship between the JIUQU starter …


Application Of Dna Barcoding Technology In The Identification Of Adulterated Ingredients Of Edible Blood Products, LI Jiong, WU Qiong, JIANG Hai, HU Ming-jie, XU Xin-yi 2023 Hangzhou Institute for Food and Drug Control, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310017, China

Application Of Dna Barcoding Technology In The Identification Of Adulterated Ingredients Of Edible Blood Products, Li Jiong, Wu Qiong, Jiang Hai, Hu Ming-Jie, Xu Xin-Yi

Food and Machinery

Objective: A COI sequence-based full-length DNA barcoding technology was established to identify adulteration of seven animal-derived components (including pigs, cows, sheep, chickens, ducks, geese and rabbits) in edible blood products. Methods: After the blood products were extracted and purified by DNA extraction and PCR amplification, the clone sequencing results were submitted to the DNA barcode local database of the 7 blood products for sequence comparison. The pretreatment method, DNA extraction method and PCR amplification conditions of the blood products were also selected and optimized, and various common blood product adulteration models were established to study the lowest adulteration detection rate …


Changes Of Biogenic Amine Concentrations In Hard Cheese Made From Refrigerated Yak's Milk During Ripening, SONG Xue-mei, QIU Ting, LIU Yu-ying, ZYANG Yan, ZHANG Wei-bing 2023 College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070, China; Functional Dairy Product Engineering Laboratory of Gansu Province, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070, China

Changes Of Biogenic Amine Concentrations In Hard Cheese Made From Refrigerated Yak's Milk During Ripening, Song Xue-Mei, Qiu Ting, Liu Yu-Ying, Zyang Yan, Zhang Wei-Bing

Food and Machinery

Objective: The research aimed to reveal the changes of biogenic amines in cheese made from different refrigerated milk during ripening and evaluate its quality safety. Methods: The hard cheese made from yak milk refrigerated for 24, 48 and 72 hours was taken as the research object, and the biogenic amines in cheese during ripening were determined by high performance liquid chromatography. Results: During the ripening period from 0 to 6 months, the content of biogenic amine in hard cheese made from different refrigerated yak milk showed an increasing trend. When the cold storage time of yak milk was extended from …


Effects Of Far-Infrared Radiation On Activity And Conformation Of Polyphenol Oxidase Of Yam, HAN Yan-hui, ZHONG Jing-han, SUN Xue, LIU Yun-hong 2023 School of Food and Bioengineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, Henan 471000, China

Effects Of Far-Infrared Radiation On Activity And Conformation Of Polyphenol Oxidase Of Yam, Han Yan-Hui, Zhong Jing-Han, Sun Xue, Liu Yun-Hong

Food and Machinery

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect of far infrared radiation heating on the oxidase activity and conformation of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) of yam. Methods: By using different far infrared radiation temperatures, the effects of different far infrared radiation temperatures on yam PPO activity, browning degree, total phenol content and PPO conformation were studied. Results: When the radiation temperature is 260 ℃ PPO enzyme is not deactivated after 11 min. When the radiation temperature is higher than 260 ℃, PPO can be inactivated within 3~7 min. However, the browning degree and total phenol content did not change regularly with …


Study On Antioxidant Activity And Synergistic Effect Of Flavonoids From Zanthoxylum Armatum Dc, ZHOU Meng-jiao, HE Xin-zhu, LI Chao-jun, LIANG Xiao-feng 2023 Mianyang Key Laboratory for the Development and Utilization of Traditional Chinese Medicine Resources, Sichuan College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Mianyang, Sichuan 621010, China; Laboratory of Research Development and Utilization on Traditional Chinese Medicine Resources in Northwest Sichuan, Sichuan College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Mianyang, Sichuan 621010, China

Study On Antioxidant Activity And Synergistic Effect Of Flavonoids From Zanthoxylum Armatum Dc, Zhou Meng-Jiao, He Xin-Zhu, Li Chao-Jun, Liang Xiao-Feng

Food and Machinery

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the antioxidation and synergistic effect of flavonoid extract of Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Methods: DPPH radical and ABTS radical scavenging methods were used to evaluate the antioxidant activity of flavonoids extract from Z. armatum, and the synergies of flavonoids extract with vitamin C and rutin complex were studied by adding method. Results: The semi-inhibitory concentrations of DPPH free radical and ABTS free radical IC50 were 0.03 and 0.062 mg/mL, respectively, showing strong antioxidant activity. The antioxidant activity of the complex composed of flavonoid extract and vitamin C or rutin was high, and the …


Digital Commons powered by bepress