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De Novo Sequencing And Analysis Of Salvia Hispanica Tissue-Specific Transcriptome And Identification Of Genes Involved In Terpenoid Biosynthesis, James Wimberley, Joseph Cahill, Hagop S. Atamian 2020 Chapman University

De Novo Sequencing And Analysis Of Salvia Hispanica Tissue-Specific Transcriptome And Identification Of Genes Involved In Terpenoid Biosynthesis, James Wimberley, Joseph Cahill, Hagop S. Atamian

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Salvia hispanica (commonly known as chia) is gaining popularity worldwide as a healthy food supplement due to its low saturated fatty acid and high polyunsaturated fatty acid content, in addition to being rich in protein, fiber, and antioxidants. Chia leaves contain plethora of secondary metabolites with medicinal properties. In this study, we sequenced chia leaf and root transcriptomes using the Illumina platform. The short reads were assembled into contigs using the Trinity software and annotated against the Uniprot database. The reads were de novo assembled into 103,367 contigs, which represented 92.8% transcriptome completeness and a diverse set of ...


Effect Of Storage Time And Temperature On The Recovery Of Milk And Peanut Residue From Environmental Swabs, Jessica Humphrey, Joseph Baumert, Stephen Taylor, Shyamali Jayasena 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Effect Of Storage Time And Temperature On The Recovery Of Milk And Peanut Residue From Environmental Swabs, Jessica Humphrey, Joseph Baumert, Stephen Taylor, Shyamali Jayasena

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Environmental swabs of shared processing equipment are commonly utilized by the food industry during cleaning validation studies. Some of these swabs are sent to 3rd party laboratories for evaluation. However, the recovery of protein residues of allergenic foods between the time of swabbing and time of testing has yet to be systematically studied.

The objective of this study was to determine the recovery of allergen residues (peanut and milk) from swabs held at different holding times and temperatures. Commercial ELISAs (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays) were evaluated to determine allergen residue recovery from swabs inoculated with known amounts of peanut and ...


Rs Content And Egi Value Of Cooked Noodles (I): Effect Of Cooking Methods, Yu Tian, Ming Li, Aoxing Tang, Jay-Lin Jane, Sushil Dhital, Boli Guo 2020 Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

Rs Content And Egi Value Of Cooked Noodles (I): Effect Of Cooking Methods, Yu Tian, Ming Li, Aoxing Tang, Jay-Lin Jane, Sushil Dhital, Boli Guo

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Noodles are widely consumed in China, which can be cooked in different ways. The effects of different cooking methods (boiling, steaming, microwave heating, stir-frying and frying) on the resistance starch (RS) content and digestive properties (digestion rate, digestibility and estimated glycemic index (eGI) value) of noodles were investigated. The RS content was greatly affected by the cooking time, and it was varied when the noodles were optimally cooked using different cooking methods. The RS contents of the microwaved and stir-fried noodles were relatively high (0.59%–0.99%), but it was lower (0.43%–0.44%) in the boiled and ...


Pinto Beans And Green Beans Result In Comparable Glycemic Control In Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Pilot Trial, Andrea Hutchins, Donna M. Winham 2020 University of Colorado, Colorado Springs

Pinto Beans And Green Beans Result In Comparable Glycemic Control In Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Pilot Trial, Andrea Hutchins, Donna M. Winham

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Aims: Glucose control is essential to slow disease progression in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The acute effects of dry bean consumption on glucose control are well established, but their long-term effects in daily diets are less known.

Methods: The effect of daily consumption of ½ cup pinto beans, compared to ½ cup green beans, on fasting glucose, postprandial glucose and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in adults with T2DM was examined. After a 2-week wash-in period, 13 participants were randomized to two 12-week long treatments: pinto beans and green beans. Before and after each intervention period, a fasted venous ...


Valorization Of Carrot Processing Waste, Alexandra M. Duval 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Valorization Of Carrot Processing Waste, Alexandra M. Duval

Master's Theses

Commercial carrot processors produce up to 175,000 tons of carrot waste annually. Carrot Mash (CM) is the term referring to the waste by-product of peeled baby carrot processing. Transportation of carrot processing waste is expensive due to its high- water content (approx. 83-95%). High in bioactive compounds (carotenoids) and dietary fibers, it is expected that its conversion into a value-added by-product is of interest to the carrot processing industry. Hemicellulose-rich plant materials have proven to be a source of oligosaccharides, which are known for their beneficial prebiotic activity. The objectives of this research were to: 1) determine the effect ...


Exploring Attitudes And Reactions To Unfamiliar Food Pairings: An Examination Of The Underlying Motivations And The Impact Of Culinary Education, Mark Traynor, Andrew Moreo, Lisa Cain, Roisin Burke, Catherine Barry-Ryan 2020 Auburn University, Montgomery

Exploring Attitudes And Reactions To Unfamiliar Food Pairings: An Examination Of The Underlying Motivations And The Impact Of Culinary Education, Mark Traynor, Andrew Moreo, Lisa Cain, Roisin Burke, Catherine Barry-Ryan

Articles

A mixed-methodology study was conducted to better understand consumer attitudes and behaviors toward novel food pairings and the impact of culinary education. Focus groups were conducted to investigate the underlying motivational factors to the reactions and behaviors toward unfamiliar foods. The second phase of the study consisted of sensory evaluation by two separate cohorts, panelists with and without culinary education, of food products created through the novel pairings of foods. Panelists with culinary education expressed a greater overall liking for the animal-based pairing. Sensory-Affective and Ideational factors appeared to be underlying motivational factors of these hedonic reactions.


Ferulic Acid Incorporated Active Films Based On Poly(Lactide) /Poly(Butylene Adipate-Co-Terephthalate) Blend For Food Packaging, Shubham Sharma, Amit Jaiswal, Brendan Duffy, Swarna Jaiswal 2020 Technological University Dublin

Ferulic Acid Incorporated Active Films Based On Poly(Lactide) /Poly(Butylene Adipate-Co-Terephthalate) Blend For Food Packaging, Shubham Sharma, Amit Jaiswal, Brendan Duffy, Swarna Jaiswal

Articles

Active natural antibacterial blend of poly(lactide) - poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PLA-PBAT) incorporated with ferulic acid was formed by solvent casting method. The influences of FA on the structural, colour, optical, thermostability and antibacterial efficiency of PLA-PBAT blend films were studied. On the incorporation of the FA, the thickness of the film was increased by 1.5–10 %. The tensile strength (TS) of the FA incorporated blend film increased to a value of 10.78 MPa at 10 wt% as compared to the control film which has 5.42 MPa. The temperature of degradation of the film increases as the FA ...


Use Of Auctions To Assess Consumer Value For Fresh And End-Of-Code Milk, Molly Paterson, Stephanie Clark 2020 Johnsonville LLC

Use Of Auctions To Assess Consumer Value For Fresh And End-Of-Code Milk, Molly Paterson, Stephanie Clark

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

The objective of this study was to survey consumers' milk purchasing behavior and investigate the effect of sensory experiences and an educational message on the perceived value of fluid milk at the beginning and near the end of code. Eleven auction sessions were carried out (n = 100 consumers), which included an explanation of the experiment, a survey about demographics and milk purchasing and consumption, sensory evaluation, an educational message, and 3 rounds of nth price auctions. Consumers were blindly served 2 pairs of milk samples from white-pigmented high-density polyethylene [2% and skim milk within 2 to 3 d of ...


Magnetic Ionic Liquids: Interactions With Bacterial Cells, Behavior In Aqueous Suspension, And Broader Applications, Stephanie A. Hice, Marcelino Varona, Allison R. Brost, Fan Dai, Jared L. Anderson, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher 2020 U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

Magnetic Ionic Liquids: Interactions With Bacterial Cells, Behavior In Aqueous Suspension, And Broader Applications, Stephanie A. Hice, Marcelino Varona, Allison R. Brost, Fan Dai, Jared L. Anderson, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Previously, we demonstrated capture and concentration of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica ser. Typhimurium using magnetic ionic liquids (MILs), followed by rapid isothermal detection of captured cells via recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA). Here, we report work intended to explore the broader potential of MILs as novel pre-analytical capture reagents in food safety and related applications. Specifically, we evaluated the capacity of the ([P66614+][Ni(hfacac)3−]) (“Ni(II)”) MIL to bind a wider range of human pathogens using a panel of Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates, including a “deep rough” strain of S. Minnesota. We extended this exploration further ...


Growing Torula Yeast (Candida Utilis) For Food Grade Fatty Acids, Zachary Christman 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Growing Torula Yeast (Candida Utilis) For Food Grade Fatty Acids, Zachary Christman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

The focus of this article is the cultivation of a food grade yeast for the production of fatty acids without the restrictions of climate or growing season. Torula yeast (Candida utilis) was selected since it can grow on a wide variety of culture media and has over 60 years of use in the food industry. The fatty acid composition of Candida utilis grown on two different media are presented in this article; the first example using completely synthetic media and another using distiller’s vinasse. Also, the effect of different culturing conditions on the percentage of various fatty acids will ...


Formation Of Maillard Reaction Products And Chlorogenic Acid-Quinone Induced Green Pigments In Gluten-Free Pretzels Made Using Sunflower Flour, Rashi Bhatnagar 2020 Chapman University

Formation Of Maillard Reaction Products And Chlorogenic Acid-Quinone Induced Green Pigments In Gluten-Free Pretzels Made Using Sunflower Flour, Rashi Bhatnagar

Food Science (MS) Theses

The two color-developing reactions that occur when soft pretzels are baked using sunflower flour (SFF) in aqueous alkali environment are chlorogenic acid (CGA)-quinone induced greening and Maillard browning. This study aimed to determine how CGA content in two different SFFs containing 45% and 55% protein (Heliaflor® 45 and 55, respectively) affected the formation of green trihydroxybenzacridine (TBA) and Maillard reaction products (MRPs) in soft baked pretzels. Pretzels were baked with five doughs prepared using a pre-blended gluten-free flour, consisting of sweet white rice flour, whole grain brown rice flour, potato starch, whole grain sweet white sorghum flour, tapioca flour ...


Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus Ostreatus) Stipe Peptides As In-Vitro Radical Scavenging, Ferrous Iron Chelating, & Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Compounds, Suraj Meharwade 2020 Chapman University

Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus Ostreatus) Stipe Peptides As In-Vitro Radical Scavenging, Ferrous Iron Chelating, & Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Compounds, Suraj Meharwade

Food Science (MS) Theses

Ferrous iron chelating, ABTS radical scavenging, and ferric reducing antioxidant activity of mushroom stipe peptides obtained using Protamex® and V8 protease has not been investigated. Additionally, the effects of peptides on protein carbonyl formation during myofibrillar oxidation is unknown. Oxidation of lysine, arginine, and proline in myofibrillar protein from red meat results in reduced meat quality owing to changes in water composition. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare the antioxidant performance of <1 kDa and 1-3 kDa mushroom peptides obtained by Protamex®-V8 hydrolysis against mushroom hydrolysate, mushroom protein, and mushroom stipe for radical scavenging, ferrous chelating, and ferric reducing activity, as well as their effects on protein carbonyl formation within a protein oxidation system. <1 kDa peptides exhibited significantly higher (p < 0.05) in-vitro ferrous iron chelating activity and ABTS radical scavenging activity as compared to mushroom stipe and 1-3 kDa peptides. Whereas, 1-3 kDa peptides demonstrated significantly ...


Moisture Sorption Behavior And Shelf Life Prediction Of Teff Seed And Flour, Baba Abdissa, Rudrayya Math, Kodandaramreddy Desham, Srinivasulu Korra 2020 College of technology, Osmania University,Tarnaka, Hyderabad-500007, INDIA

Moisture Sorption Behavior And Shelf Life Prediction Of Teff Seed And Flour, Baba Abdissa, Rudrayya Math, Kodandaramreddy Desham, Srinivasulu Korra

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Moisture sorption isotherms of Teff seed and its flour were determined over the range of relative humidity (11–92%) using a gravimetric technique at constant temperature (27°C). The results obtained showed that the moisture sorption isotherm of both is almost similar and sigmoid with increasing equilibrium water content at the constant temperature. The curves start raising high above 64% RH indicating the products deteriorates faster above 64% RH. Hence the moisture content equilibrating to 64% RH was taken as critical for both Teff seed and flour variants. The sorption isotherm fits the GAB equation as per GAB generalized equation ...


Antiproliferative And Apoptotic Effects Of Proteins From Black Seeds (Nigella Sativa) On Human Breast Mcf-7 Cancer Cell Line, Yamna Khursid, Basir Syed, Shabana U. Simjee, Obaid Beg, Aftab Ahmed 2020 Chapman University

Antiproliferative And Apoptotic Effects Of Proteins From Black Seeds (Nigella Sativa) On Human Breast Mcf-7 Cancer Cell Line, Yamna Khursid, Basir Syed, Shabana U. Simjee, Obaid Beg, Aftab Ahmed

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Nigella sativa (NS), a member of family Ranunculaceae is commonly known as black seed or kalonji. It has been well studied for its therapeutic role in various diseases, particularly cancer. Literature is full of bioactive compounds from NS seed. However, fewer studies have been reported on the pharmacological activity of proteins. The current study was designed to evaluate the anticancer property of NS seed proteins on the MCF-7 cell line.

Methods

NS seed extract was prepared in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and proteins were precipitated using 80% ammonium sulfate. The crude seed proteins were partially purified using gel filtration chromatography ...


Handling Compressed Gases And Cryogens, Roger Barth 2020 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Handling Compressed Gases And Cryogens, Roger Barth

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Compressed gases and cryogenic liquids are widely used in beer brewing and serving. The nature of these materials can present mechanical, toxic, asphyxiation, extreme cold, and chemical hazards. This article explains the equipment and procedures for safe use of compressed gases and cryogenic liquids frequently used in the beer industry. Guidelines for labeling, storage, transit within a facility, connecting to brewing or serving systems, and checking for leaks are presented. Specifics regarding hazards associated with oxygen (chemical hazard), carbon dioxide (toxic), and nitrogen (asphyxiant) are discussed. Special procedures and precautions for two frequently used cryogens, liquid nitrogen and bulk carbon ...


A Dissertation On Vegetable Chemistry, Columbus C. Conwell 2020 Livre de Lyon

A Dissertation On Vegetable Chemistry, Columbus C. Conwell

Science and Mathematical Science

Mineral Chemistry has nearly monopolized the attention of investigators, probably because it is more exempt from confusion in its data and less complex in its products than its sister sciences; for such elements as analysis can isolate, synthesis can recombine. This is not the case in Vegetable or Animal Chemistry, nor can we ever hope to form in our laboratories, substances developed by the long and incessant work of organization:— we may destroy, but cannot reproduce; we may analyze, but cannot effect a similar assemblage of particles unaided by the phenomena of vitality.


Characterization And Analysis Of Curcumin Extracted From Turmeric Using Mass Spectrometry And Uv-Vis Spectroscopy, Cecilia Russo, Anna Fedor 2020 Misericordia University

Characterization And Analysis Of Curcumin Extracted From Turmeric Using Mass Spectrometry And Uv-Vis Spectroscopy, Cecilia Russo, Anna Fedor

Student Research Poster Presentations 2020

Turmeric is a spice most commonly found in Indian cuisine that is known for its medicinal properties. The most active compound that can be found in turmeric is curcumin. Curcumin is a polyphenol that is best known for its antioxidant and anticancer properties. Curcumin is mostly insoluble in water so the extraction of curcumin from turmeric was achieved by using ethanol or dichloromethane/hexane as the solvent. Since turmeric is not soluble in these solvents, a small amount of turmeric was soaked in larger amount of ethanol or dichloromethane/hexane to allow the curcumin to be dissolved out. The resulting ...


Research And Innovation As A Catalyst For Food System Transformation, A.C.L. den Boer, K.P.W. Kok, M. Gill, J. Breda, Jean Cahill, C. Callenius, P. Caron, Z. Damianova, M. Gurinovic, L. Lähteenmäki, T. Lang, R. Sonnino, G. Verburg, H. Westhoek, T. Cesuroglu, B.J. Regee, J. E. W. Broerse 2020 Athena Institute, Faculty of Science, Vrije Universiteit (VU) Amsterdam, De Boelelaan, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Research And Innovation As A Catalyst For Food System Transformation, A.C.L. Den Boer, K.P.W. Kok, M. Gill, J. Breda, Jean Cahill, C. Callenius, P. Caron, Z. Damianova, M. Gurinovic, L. Lähteenmäki, T. Lang, R. Sonnino, G. Verburg, H. Westhoek, T. Cesuroglu, B.J. Regee, J. E. W. Broerse

Articles

Background: Food systems are associated with severe and persistent problems worldwide. Governance approaches aiming to foster sustainable transformation of food systems face several challenges due to the complex nature of food systems. Scope and Approach: In this commentary we argue that addressing these governance challenges requires the development and adoption of novel research and innovation (R&I) approaches that will provide evidence to inform food system transformation and will serve as catalysts for change. We first elaborate on the complexity of food systems (transformation) and stress the need to move beyond traditional linear R&I approaches to be able to ...


Characterization Of Jasmine Rice Cultivars Grown In The United States, Anastasia K. Mills, Ya-Jane Wang 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Characterization Of Jasmine Rice Cultivars Grown In The United States, Anastasia K. Mills, Ya-Jane Wang

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

Jasmine rice from Thailand accounts for about 60% to 70% of U.S. imported rice, primarily due to its preference by ethnic Asians as well as the general American population. Recently new U.S. jasmine rice cultivars have been developed independently at three rice research stations in Arkansas, California, and Louisiana, but their properties have not been characterized. The objective of this research was to characterize and compare the physical appearance, chemical composition, thermal and pasting properties, cooked rice texture, and starch structures of the newly developed U.S. jasmine rice from Arkansas, California, and Louisiana, to be compared with ...


Physicochemical Characterization, Structural Determination, And Molecular Dynamic Modeling Of Proso Millet Proteins For Enhanced Food Functionality, Felix Akharume 2020 University of Kentucky

Physicochemical Characterization, Structural Determination, And Molecular Dynamic Modeling Of Proso Millet Proteins For Enhanced Food Functionality, Felix Akharume

Theses and Dissertations--Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering

More than one-third of Americans today incorporate plant-based protein into their diet and about 40% believed that plant-based protein is healthier than animal protein, especially Millennials. The increasing global demand for plant-based proteins driven by the high cost of animal proteins, consumers’ desire for lean protein, vegetarianism, and the need for more sustainable green protein products have necessitated research into alternate emerging and underutilized sources of protein to complement or supplement the major plant protein in the market- soy, pea, and gluten. Therefore, this dissertation is focused on the valorization of the proteins in proso millet. Specifically, this work focused ...


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