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Full-Text Articles in Medical Education

Accessing Healthcare In The Era Of Covid-19 For Youth Experiencing Homelessness, Ray Mak Jan 2022

Accessing Healthcare In The Era Of Covid-19 For Youth Experiencing Homelessness, Ray Mak

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Youth experiencing homelessness face multifactorial challenges in obtaining adequate health literacy. The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the need for healthcare as well as heightened confusion with the spread of health misinformation. This project aims to provide a step-by-step guide for when youth should seek medical treatment for COVID-19 to avoid unnecessary medical costs.


Coagulopathy In Covid-19: A Review, Shannon Ginty Jun 2021

Coagulopathy In Covid-19: A Review, Shannon Ginty

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

Recent data has demonstrated that the pathophysiology of severe COVID-19 infection is associated with a significant pulmonary coagulopathy. Thrombotic complications have been reported in approximately 35-45% of patients with severe COVID-19. Entry of SARS-CoV-2 into the host cells leads to dysregulation in inflammatory signalling pathways, disrupting the normal coagulation mechanism. The hypercoagulability with abnormal clot formation is attributed to the inappropriately elevated immune response, culminating in a ‘cytokine storm’ with high levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and subsequent thrombosis. The coagulopathy in COVID-19 affects many coagulation parameters such as D-dimer levels, fibrinogen levels, platelet count and prothrombin time. Coagulation parameters must ...


Full Issue: The International Undergraduate Journal Of Health Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021 Jun 2021

Full Issue: The International Undergraduate Journal Of Health Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

The full June 2021 issue (Volume 1, Issue 1) of the International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences


Evaluating The Effects Of Physical Activity On The Cognitive Functions And Motor Skills Of The Special Needs Population And Testing A Different Teaching Style To Maximize The Efficiency Of Special Needs Programs, Oren Nedjar Jun 2021

Evaluating The Effects Of Physical Activity On The Cognitive Functions And Motor Skills Of The Special Needs Population And Testing A Different Teaching Style To Maximize The Efficiency Of Special Needs Programs, Oren Nedjar

BIO4960: Practicum in Biology I

This study aimed to analyze the effects of physical activities on the motor and cognitive functions of participants with special needs and compare these results with a similar program but organized online because of the health precautions that have been applied due to the COVID-19 pandemic. An intervention consisting of sending an educational brochure aiming to increase high school volunteers' health literacy was then tested and results showed that it improved participants' health outcomes and also could increase the program's effectiveness in the long term.


The Ways In Which Women’S Suffrage Affected Healthcare, Madison M. Weber Jun 2021

The Ways In Which Women’S Suffrage Affected Healthcare, Madison M. Weber

The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research

The 19th Amendment had and continues to have a major impact on women’s healthcare in the United States. Prior to suffrage, women had little to no ability to voice their thoughts on and change policies that regarded their own health. This essay addresses the way in which the vote both directly and indirectly impacted healthcare; including workplace conditions, maternal and reproductive rights, racial disparities, political advocacy and healthcare, the different waves of feminism, and how this has all affected modern healthcare for women. From progressive articles being published in women's magazines, to the establishment of marital rape, to ...


The Effect Of Humanitude Care Methodology On Improving Empathy: A Six-Year Longitudinal Study Of Medical Students In Japan., Yusuke Fukuyasu, Hitomi U Kataoka, Miwako Honda, Toshihide Iwase, Hiroko Ogawa, Masaru Sato, Mayu Watanabe, Chikako Fujii, Jun Wada, Jennifer Desantis, Mohammadreza Hojat Professor, Joseph S. Gonnella Jun 2021

The Effect Of Humanitude Care Methodology On Improving Empathy: A Six-Year Longitudinal Study Of Medical Students In Japan., Yusuke Fukuyasu, Hitomi U Kataoka, Miwako Honda, Toshihide Iwase, Hiroko Ogawa, Masaru Sato, Mayu Watanabe, Chikako Fujii, Jun Wada, Jennifer Desantis, Mohammadreza Hojat Professor, Joseph S. Gonnella

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Empathy, which involves understanding another person's experiences and concerns, is an important component for developing physicians' overall competence. This longitudinal study was designed to test the hypothesis that medical students' empathy can be enhanced and sustained by Humanitude Care Methodology, which focuses on perception, emotion and speech.

METHODS: This six-year longitudinal observational study examined 115 students who entered Okayama University Medical School in 2013. The study participants were exposed to two empathy-enhancing programs: (1) a communication skills training program (involving medical interviews) and (2) a Humanitude training program aimed at enhancing their empathy. They completed the Jefferson Scale ...


Experiences Of Nonbinary And Gender Nonconforming Individuals Within The Healthcare System, Chloe B. Lacey Jun 2021

Experiences Of Nonbinary And Gender Nonconforming Individuals Within The Healthcare System, Chloe B. Lacey

Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal of Psychology

Though nonbinary and gender nonconforming people are becoming increasingly recognized in North America, specialized healthcare—specifically gender-affirming procedures—are not becoming available to them. Researchers have examined the subjective experiences of these individuals as they have navigated the healthcare system in order to further understand possible limitations for nonbinary and gender nonconforming populations. Methods include assessing the procedures available to participants and their interpersonal experiences with healthcare professionals and family members. Scientific resources on this topic are limited, and the results are overwhelmingly represented by self-report. Furthermore, the content of the results is majorly negative toward the participants’ experiences. Participants ...


June 2021, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee Jun 2021

June 2021, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

Men's Health Week: June 14-20, 2021

The purpose of Men’s Health Week is to heighten the awareness of preventable health problems and encourage early detection and treatment of disease among men and boys.


Dexrazoxane Decreases The Cardiotoxic Effects Of Doxorubicin In Osteosarcoma Patients Without Increasing Mortality From Secondary Malignant Neoplasms, Thomas S. Przybycien May 2021

Dexrazoxane Decreases The Cardiotoxic Effects Of Doxorubicin In Osteosarcoma Patients Without Increasing Mortality From Secondary Malignant Neoplasms, Thomas S. Przybycien

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising:

Schwartz CL, Wexler LH, Krailo MD, et al. Intensified chemotherapy with dexrazoxane cardioprotection in newly diagnosed nonmetastatic osteosarcoma: A report from the Children’s Oncology Group. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2016;63(1):54-615. https://doi.org/10.1002/pbc.25753

for a patient with osteosarcoma and concerns about the risk of secondary malignant neoplasms that attend use of dexarazoxane.


Utility Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy To Reduce Pain In Children With Sickle Cell Disease, Abigail Radomsky May 2021

Utility Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy To Reduce Pain In Children With Sickle Cell Disease, Abigail Radomsky

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising:

Schatz J, Schlenz AM, McClellan CB, et al. Changes in coping, pain, and activity after cognitive-behavioral training. The Clinical Journal of Pain 2015;31(6):536-47 https://doi.org/10.1097/ajp.0000000000000183

for a child with sickle cell disease.


Interventional Treatment With The Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (Tips) Procedure May Offer A Preferable Alternative To Systemic Anticoagulation In Patients With Cirrhosis And Portal Vein Thrombosis, Molly N. Pantelic May 2021

Interventional Treatment With The Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (Tips) Procedure May Offer A Preferable Alternative To Systemic Anticoagulation In Patients With Cirrhosis And Portal Vein Thrombosis, Molly N. Pantelic

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising:

Wang Z, Jiang MS, Zhang HL, et al. Is post-tips anticoagulation therapy necessary in patients with cirrhosis and portal vein thrombosis? A randomized controlled trial. Radiology. 2016;279(3):943-951. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2015150369

for a patient with cryptogenic cirrhosis, gastroesophageal varices, pancreatic cancer, and portal vein thrombosis.


Weak Evidence, Supplemented With Common Sense For Reduction In Postoperative Pulmonary Complications, Natalie M. Wiseman May 2021

Weak Evidence, Supplemented With Common Sense For Reduction In Postoperative Pulmonary Complications, Natalie M. Wiseman

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising:

Kaminski PN, Forgiarini LA, Jr., Andrade CF. Early respiratory therapy reduces postoperative atelectasis in children undergoing lung resection. Respir Care. 2013;58(5):805-809. https://doi.org/10.4187/respcare.01870

for prevention of postoperative pulmonary complications following thoracic surgery for a patient who is not able to participate in incentive spirometry.


External Beam Radiation Therapy Carries Lower Risk Of Sexual Dysfunction As Compared To Radical Prostatectomy In Treatment Of Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer, Aamod S. Dekhne May 2021

External Beam Radiation Therapy Carries Lower Risk Of Sexual Dysfunction As Compared To Radical Prostatectomy In Treatment Of Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer, Aamod S. Dekhne

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising:

Donovan JL, Hamdy FC, Lane JA, et al. Patient-Reported Outcomes after Monitoring, Surgery, or Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(15):1425-1437. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1606221

for a patient with localized prostate cancer and concerns regarding future sexual dysfunction.


The Biopsychosocial Model And Clinical Decision Science In The Age Of Black Lives Matter: A Clinical Reflection, Abdul-Rahman M. Suleiman, Samer Ilayan May 2021

The Biopsychosocial Model And Clinical Decision Science In The Age Of Black Lives Matter: A Clinical Reflection, Abdul-Rahman M. Suleiman, Samer Ilayan

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The author reflects on the biopsychosocial considerations of elevated blood pressure in teenage African American youth during the era of Black Lives Matter (BLM). Parallels are drawn between Dr. Engel’s biopsychosocial model and clinical decision science.


Clinical Decision Science: Experience Can Be Shared; Can It Be Taught?, James Peter Meza May 2021

Clinical Decision Science: Experience Can Be Shared; Can It Be Taught?, James Peter Meza

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The editor reflects on the biopsychosocial model of clinical decision making and whether it can be taught in clinical medicine.


Space Retrieval Training For Memory Enhancement In Adults With Dementia, Lauren Camenzind, Molly Kafader, Rachel Schwam, Mikayla Taylor, Zoie Wilkes, Madison Williams May 2021

Space Retrieval Training For Memory Enhancement In Adults With Dementia, Lauren Camenzind, Molly Kafader, Rachel Schwam, Mikayla Taylor, Zoie Wilkes, Madison Williams

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The final portfolio contains 8 research articles from national and international journals. Study designs include one systematic review, one randomized control trial with pretest-posttest design, three small-scale randomized control trials, one quasi-experimental study with no control, one time-series study, and one case study. All studies relate directly to components of the evidence-based practice question and will be used to draft new recommendations for implementation regarding spaced retrieval training for memory enhancement in adults with dementia. Seven out of the eight articles looked at the effects of SR techniques on functional tasks. Articles looked at eating difficulty (1), independent use of ...


Preventing Pneumonia Through Early Mobilization Of Critically Ill Adults, Elizabeth G. Barton, Tedrin N. Elion, Caleb J. Harbor, Alexandria M. Keathley, Madison R. Payne, Hailey N. Warrington May 2021

Preventing Pneumonia Through Early Mobilization Of Critically Ill Adults, Elizabeth G. Barton, Tedrin N. Elion, Caleb J. Harbor, Alexandria M. Keathley, Madison R. Payne, Hailey N. Warrington

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The purpose of this critically appraised topic (CAT) is to investigate early mobilization and its effect on preventing pneumonia in adults in the intensive care unit (ICU). The final portfolio contains four research articles from both national and international journals. Study designs included two meta-analyses, one case series, and one retrospective study. All four of the articles specifically described the effects of early mobilization on individuals in the hospital and ICU and showed positive results in reducing the likelihood of developing pneumonia. This CAT will be used to draft new practice guidelines for mentoring new managers in both occupational therapy ...


Exercise Interventions For Adults With Burn Injuries, Liz Burton, Carolyn Knight, Brittney Malone, Lexie Rivers, Rachel Walker, James Wright May 2021

Exercise Interventions For Adults With Burn Injuries, Liz Burton, Carolyn Knight, Brittney Malone, Lexie Rivers, Rachel Walker, James Wright

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The purpose of this critically appraised topic (CAT) is to provide the highest quality of evidence available on the implementation of exercise interventions in the early burn rehabilitation phase in adult burn victims. This portfolio contains four peer-reviewed research articles from national and international journals. The study designs include one systematic review and meta analyses, one retrospective cohort study and two randomized control trials. These articles covered three types of exercise interventions including resistance training, mobility training, and physiotherapy. Overall, the clinical bottom line of this CAT is that exercise interventions in early burn rehabilitation may be effective in improving ...


Long-Term Outcomes In Children With Acute Flaccid Myelitis, Megan D. Henley, Lindie Hill, Sydney Inman, Molly Grace King, Sam Lopez, Carley Mahaffey May 2021

Long-Term Outcomes In Children With Acute Flaccid Myelitis, Megan D. Henley, Lindie Hill, Sydney Inman, Molly Grace King, Sam Lopez, Carley Mahaffey

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The purpose of our critically appraised topic is to combine the best evidence regarding the long-term outcomes in children with acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) regarding posture and movement, gross and fine motor control, and activities of daily living (ADL) performance. The final portfolio contains eight articles. The study designs of these articles include a retrospective cohort study, two retrospective non-randomized studies without a control group, a retrospective review, a nationwide follow-up questionnaire analysis study, a case report, a case series, and a multiple quantitative case study. All studies related directly to our evidence-based PICO question and were used to determine ...


Reducing Delirium In Patients With Covid-19, Allison E. Brewer Mot/S, Amy Carver Mot/S, Allison Nance Mph, Mot/S, Mallori Rodrigue Mot/S, Olivia Smith Mot/S May 2021

Reducing Delirium In Patients With Covid-19, Allison E. Brewer Mot/S, Amy Carver Mot/S, Allison Nance Mph, Mot/S, Mallori Rodrigue Mot/S, Olivia Smith Mot/S

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The purpose of our critically appraised topic is to synthesize the best current evidence regarding interventions that would be effective in reducing delirium in patients with COVID-19 in the acute care setting. The final portfolio contains a total of five research articles. Study designs include three randomized controlled trials, one non randomized controlled trial, and one quasi-experimental quantitative design. All studies relate directly to interventions within the OT scope of practice and were implemented in the acute care setting. Due to limited research on the novel coronavirus, these findings apply to critically ill patients but are not specific to patients ...


Reducing Stress, Anxiety, And Depression For Nicu Parents, Amy Patton, Kylie Dunavan, Kyla Key, Steffani Takahashi, Kathryn Tenner, Megan Wilson May 2021

Reducing Stress, Anxiety, And Depression For Nicu Parents, Amy Patton, Kylie Dunavan, Kyla Key, Steffani Takahashi, Kathryn Tenner, Megan Wilson

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

This project aims to appraise evidence of the effectiveness of various practices on reducing stress, anxiety, and depression among parents of infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The project contains six research articles from both national and international journals. Study designs include one meta-analysis, one randomized controlled trial, one small scale randomized controlled trial, one prospective phase lag cohort study, on pretest-posttest study, and one mixed-methods pretest-posttest study. Recommendations for effective interventions were based on best evidence discovered through quality appraisal and study outcomes. All interventions, except for educational programs and Kangaroo Care, resulted in a statistically significant ...


Increasing Confidence And Mental Health In Caregivers, Lucy D. Diangelo, Libby Lowry, Kayla Mcdaniel, Clare Sauser, Shelby Terry, Erin Williams May 2021

Increasing Confidence And Mental Health In Caregivers, Lucy D. Diangelo, Libby Lowry, Kayla Mcdaniel, Clare Sauser, Shelby Terry, Erin Williams

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

The purpose of our critically appraised topic is to synthesize the highest-level evidence available regarding interventions for increasing confidence and mental health outcomes in caregivers taking loved ones home from inpatient rehabilitation. The final portfolio contains six research articles from peer-reviewed journals. Study designs include randomized control trials, a systematic review, and a pretest-posttest without a control group. All studies relate directly to the components of the PICO question. Four of the articles discussed both caregiver confidence and mental health while two articles discussed only mental health. There is strong evidence to support that in-person hands on training, in person ...


Get America Talking: Implementing Advanced Care Planning In Primary Care, Sasha Recht May 2021

Get America Talking: Implementing Advanced Care Planning In Primary Care, Sasha Recht

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Advanced Care Planning (ACP) is an essential part of providing adequate care in the primary care setting. Discussing end of life with patients can be a tedious and uncomfortable conversation for many providers, however, its continued avoidance contributes to the stigma of end of life care and may also result in significant healthcare cost expenditure with the use of unwanted invasive treatments. All providers should engage in consistent advanced care planning in order to improve patient and provider communication, improve patient satisfaction, increase advanced directives on file, reduce the stigma of the topic, and improve quality of life.


Treatment Anxiety Education For Pediatric Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Patients, An Evidence Based Project, Mary Nagel May 2021

Treatment Anxiety Education For Pediatric Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Patients, An Evidence Based Project, Mary Nagel

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Background

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect and affects almost 1% of all live births. Treatment anxiety is common among children with CHD who undergo multiple procedures early in their lifetime. Dramatically increased life spans for this cardiac population has led to a shift from focusing on survival to their long-term health outcomes.

Methods:

Administration of the Peds QL Cardiac Module 3.0 assesses health related quality of life (HRQOL) during annual visits to a Cardiac Neurodevelopmental (ND) Clinic by evaluating the level of Treatment Anxiety a patient experiences during healthcare appointments. The questionnaire scores ...


Achieving Advance Care Planning In Diverse Populations Via Teleconferencing With Skilled Nursing Facility Residents, Tania Huezo May 2021

Achieving Advance Care Planning In Diverse Populations Via Teleconferencing With Skilled Nursing Facility Residents, Tania Huezo

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Background: Advance care planning (ACP) has always been a priority in healthcare, and even more crucial during the COVID-19 pandemic. It has been extremely challenging for ACP to occur in the skilled nursing facility (SNF) population once social distancing restrictions were put in place to protect residents and staff.

Purpose: The purpose of this evidence-based project was to assess the effectiveness of ACP via teleconferencing with skilled nursing facility (SNF) residents in the hope of increasing completion of high-quality Physician’s Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) forms.

Methods: The San Diego Coalition for Compassionate Care developed an ACP community outreach ...


A Guide To Vaccine Policy Change At A National Level, Janelle Bird May 2021

A Guide To Vaccine Policy Change At A National Level, Janelle Bird

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Health policy is in a near constant state of improvement. In order to solidify those improvements, health policy requires assistance from the upcoming generations of healthcare workers to push for those changes. Due to the outdated vaccination policy in the American Nurses Association (ANA), many states continued to issue exemptions based upon unsupported religious preferences. This helped to worsen the outbreak of measles in 2018-2019. The Previous ANA Policy on Vaccinations as of July 21, 2015 stated the ANA supports immunization exemptions only for the following reasons: Medical contraindications and Religious beliefs. Educate and train future health care professionals ...


Standardized Education On Physician Orders For Life Sustaining Treatment (Polst) Conversations, Venessa Oteniya May 2021

Standardized Education On Physician Orders For Life Sustaining Treatment (Polst) Conversations, Venessa Oteniya

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

According to research literature, 15% of Medicare beneficiaries spend more than 7 days in the intensive care unit before they die. These Medicare beneficiaries receive aggressive, life-prolonging medical treatments that might not be in agreement with their wishes. Approximately 13% of SNF residents have improperly completed POLST forms that can result in intensive treatments that patients did not want. One barrier to the lack of POLST completion in SNFs is staff difficulty with understanding and explaining the form, a result of inadequate education.

In August 2020, the San Diego Coalition for Compassionate Care formed an education program to provide virtual ...


Making Room: Addressing The Counter-Therapeutic Nature Of Psychiatric Hospitalization Through Containment- Based Group Expressive Therapy, Max Sandor Copans May 2021

Making Room: Addressing The Counter-Therapeutic Nature Of Psychiatric Hospitalization Through Containment- Based Group Expressive Therapy, Max Sandor Copans

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

The process of hospitalization and the environment of a typical psychiatric hospital is often counter-therapeutic. To challenge this problem, clinicians may introduce the concept of psychological containment. To elaborate, being hospitalized anywhere can be disorienting, frightening and even traumatic. This problem is only further exacerbated in psychiatric hospitals where patients may be disorganized, manic, or struggling with psychosis. Furthermore, psychological containment is essentially the ability for psychiatric patients to prevent their intense emotions from effecting others negatively, and to act with resiliency when other patients are unable to contain their own disruptive behaviors. This paper utilizes both an initial literature ...


The Challenges Of Lagging Diversity And Inclusion In Health Care, Ebony Caldwell, Nananamibia Duffy, Deborah Stamps May 2021

The Challenges Of Lagging Diversity And Inclusion In Health Care, Ebony Caldwell, Nananamibia Duffy, Deborah Stamps

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

The healthcare workforce in the United States (US) does not accurately reflect the future growth of diversity, based on projections of a more racially/ethnically diverse patient population in the US over the next decade. Poor health outcomes, particularly in African Americans, continue to occur, and African Americans continue to be underrepresented in medicine. This signals a continuation of health disparities in marginalized communities. Healthcare organizations must address the low number of Black physicians in communities and support education gaps to strengthen pipelines that will ensure a greater diversity in matriculating medical school students.


Clinical Presentation Of Covid-19 Disease In Two Rural New York Counties, Richard Terry, Sadaf Mughal, Vidhya Reddy, Tina Burt May 2021

Clinical Presentation Of Covid-19 Disease In Two Rural New York Counties, Richard Terry, Sadaf Mughal, Vidhya Reddy, Tina Burt

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Purpose

To analyze the phenotypic expression of Coronavirus infection (COVID-19) among patients residing in the Chemung and Schuyler counties of New York State.

Method

A retrospective review of medical records was performed between March 16, 2020 to April 16, 2020. Sixty- five patients presenting with symptoms of COVID-19 infection were included in this IRB-exempt study. Presence of infection was confirmed using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT- PCR) from nasopharyngeal swab samples, as per Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC) guidelines.

Results

Patients varied in age from 13 to 82 years, with nearly equal proportion of females (51%) vs ...