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Full-Text Articles in Medical Education

Expanding Awareness Of Tbi Resources In The North Country, Nicholas W. Krant Jan 2024

Expanding Awareness Of Tbi Resources In The North Country, Nicholas W. Krant

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Disability, emotional dysregulation and financial stress are only some of the issues that many patients who suffer TBI encounter. While resources are available to alleviate some of these burdens on patients who suffer TBI in New York's North Country, patients often struggle to find these resources. This project endeavors to create a resource for patients, family members and practitioners to find available resources.


Instituting An Educational Module To Improve Knowledge Of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity Among Anesthesia Providers, Alisha Marie Linehan, Chad Andrew Mcclure, Steven Taylor Moon, Shukhratilla Ibragimov Shamshitdinov, Julie Newton Bonom, Jason Michael Buehler Jan 2023

Instituting An Educational Module To Improve Knowledge Of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity Among Anesthesia Providers, Alisha Marie Linehan, Chad Andrew Mcclure, Steven Taylor Moon, Shukhratilla Ibragimov Shamshitdinov, Julie Newton Bonom, Jason Michael Buehler

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Local anesthetic use in the perioperative period is increasing in the United States as healthcare providers seek alternatives to opioid-based pain management. While increased use of local anesthetics has many benefits, their use also increases the risk of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity (LAST), which is a serious and potentially life-threatening complication. A search of the literature indicates there is a considerable gap in knowledge of LAST among healthcare providers, including Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) and anesthesia residents. This knowledge gap is combined with a lack of standardized approaches to identifying and treating this complication. Identifying and treating LAST is …


Assessing Faculty Preference Regarding Online Tools For Assessment In Medical Education: A Cross-Sectional Multi-Center Study, Zarreen Raza, Samira Adnan, Sanaa Ahmed, Zahid Memon, Saad Saleem, Ziyad Sanaullah Jan 2023

Assessing Faculty Preference Regarding Online Tools For Assessment In Medical Education: A Cross-Sectional Multi-Center Study, Zarreen Raza, Samira Adnan, Sanaa Ahmed, Zahid Memon, Saad Saleem, Ziyad Sanaullah

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: E-assessment is a novel practice in developing countries; hence it is essential to determine the online platforms and tools preferred by health sciences education faculty for online assessment. The purpose of this study was to assess the preference of faculty in medical and dental education regarding the online tools for e-assessment of undergraduate students. Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted from June until August 2020 on the faculty of medical and dental undergraduate programs of private and public sector institutes across Karachi, with a sample size of 152. Data was collected through convenience sampling using a validated questionnaire …


A Descriptive Study Of Health Literacy And Social Determinants Of Health As Curricula Topics In Medical School Education, Nicholas J. Felter, Valerie A. Ubbes Jan 2023

A Descriptive Study Of Health Literacy And Social Determinants Of Health As Curricula Topics In Medical School Education, Nicholas J. Felter, Valerie A. Ubbes

Health Behavior Research

The purpose of this investigation was to assess the extent to which health literacy and social determinants of health exist together in medical school curricula, and the attitudes and beliefs of medical school educators toward the relevance of these topics taught in the curriculum. The research used a descriptive cross-sectional survey design of institutions that comprised the Accelerating Change in Medical Education (ACE) Consortium of the American Medical Association. The study population was 36 ACE institutions, but only 11 ACE institutions made up the study sample. Results also showed that five health literacy items were taught as curricula topics in …


Intouch Week Of January 3, 2023, New York Medical College Jan 2023

The Effects Of Screen Time On Children, Jacqueline Valdepenas Jan 2023

The Effects Of Screen Time On Children, Jacqueline Valdepenas

Nursing | Senior Theses

With the development of technology continuing to grow at a fast-paced pace in society, children are now becoming exposed to such technology at a younger age. The introduction of smartphones and tablets, which is defined as screen time in this paper, are being introduced to children as young as 6 months of age. Instead of children playing with toys recommended for their age, they use screen time for their play needs and entertainment. Some parents use screen time as a distraction and/or relief for their own needs when the child is upset or they’re unable to tend to the child. …


The Relationship Between Self-Efficacy And Informed Decision-Making On Primiparous Women During The Birthing Process, Morgan R. Fillipo Jan 2023

The Relationship Between Self-Efficacy And Informed Decision-Making On Primiparous Women During The Birthing Process, Morgan R. Fillipo

Nursing | Senior Theses

Childbirth is a very intense and vulnerable experience, especially for first-time mothers. Across the globe, the prevalence of traumatic and unsatisfying births has become an increasingly troublesome issue for women. There is extensive evidence of maltreatment, and a large portion of the problem has to do with the client’s medical team. To combat this dilemma, the best course of action would be to prepare women for this possibility by increasing the client’s self-efficacy and decision-making abilities. Self-efficacy, also known as confidence in one’s skills, is an important trait to have when it comes to patients being able to advocate for …


Prescription Opioid Misuse And Addiction: Healthcare’S Contribution To The Opioid Epidemic And What Can Be Done About It, Emily Larsen, Katrina Ecke Jan 2023

Prescription Opioid Misuse And Addiction: Healthcare’S Contribution To The Opioid Epidemic And What Can Be Done About It, Emily Larsen, Katrina Ecke

Nursing | Senior Theses

Up to one in four patients undergoing prolonged opioid therapy in a primary care setting battle opioid addiction. In 2020, the CDC found that more than 16,000 deaths involving prescription opioids (limited to natural and semi-synthetic opioids and methadone) had occurred, which is equivalent to about 45 deaths per day. Opioid overdose death can be identified through three distinct waves; increased prescribing of opioids in the 1990’s began the first wave, the beginning of the second wave came in 2010 with a rapid increase in heroin related overdose deaths, and in 2013 the third wave began with a significant increase …


Needs Assessment For Faculty Development In Health Professions Education At A Medical University In Karachi, Pakistan, Tabassum Zehra, Sana Saeed, Rahila Ali, Amber Sultan, Areeba Hussain Jan 2023

Needs Assessment For Faculty Development In Health Professions Education At A Medical University In Karachi, Pakistan, Tabassum Zehra, Sana Saeed, Rahila Ali, Amber Sultan, Areeba Hussain

Department for Educational Development

Faculty Development (FD) embraces all educational activities used by teachers to improve their knowledge and skills for enhancing their academic competencies. This study aimed to identify the areas in Health Professions Education (HPE) in which formal faculty development is required. A needs assessment survey was conducted from among the faculty members at the Aga Khan University (AKU), Karachi, Pakistan, and the French Medical Institute for Mother and Children, Afghanistan. Data was analysed using SPSS 20.0 and reported frequencies and percentages according to various academic tracks. Competency-based curricula (51%), providing effective feedback (51%), developing Objective Structured Clinical Exam (51%), and clinical …


Assessing The Validity Of Admission Test Into The Internship Programme At A Private University In Pakistan, Qamar Riaz, Naveed Yousuf, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim Jan 2023

Assessing The Validity Of Admission Test Into The Internship Programme At A Private University In Pakistan, Qamar Riaz, Naveed Yousuf, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim

Department for Educational Development

Objective: To report the development and validity assessment of a comprehensive model of assessment method comprising written test and multiple mini interviews for selection in a medical internship programme.
Method: The psychometric validation study was conducted at the Aga Khan University, Karachi, and comprised anonymised scores of written admission test, multiple mini interviews and exit written exams for all the interns who completed their internships in 2018 and 2019. Correlation between admission and exit tests, and predictions were assessed. Data was analysed using SPSS 20.
Results: There were 160 interns; 80(50%) each in 2018 and 2019. Mean scores were …


An Introduction To Reviewing Research Articles For Academic Journals, William B. Dehart, Edward Griffin, Shala Sundaram, Brian E. Wood, Michael G. Flynn Dec 2022

An Introduction To Reviewing Research Articles For Academic Journals, William B. Dehart, Edward Griffin, Shala Sundaram, Brian E. Wood, Michael G. Flynn

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Among the pillars of science is the galvanizing process of peer review. Editors of medical and scientific publications recruit specialty leaders to evaluate the quality of manuscripts. These peer reviewers help to ensure that data are collected, analyzed, and interpreted as accurately as possible, thereby moving the field forward and ultimately improving patient care. As physician-scientists, we are given the opportunity and responsibility to participate in the peer review process. There are many benefits to engaging in the peer review process including exposure to cutting-edge research, growing your connection with the academic community, and fulfilling the scholarly activity requirements of …


Quality Of Icu Discharge Summaries Produced By Pediatric Residents: The Memorial Health University Medical Center Experience, Jessica M. Lee, James Ryden, Emma Meehan, Eric Shaw, Mary C. Lytle, Andrew Stack, Ashley Shearman Dec 2022

Quality Of Icu Discharge Summaries Produced By Pediatric Residents: The Memorial Health University Medical Center Experience, Jessica M. Lee, James Ryden, Emma Meehan, Eric Shaw, Mary C. Lytle, Andrew Stack, Ashley Shearman

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Background

Discharging intensive care unit (ICU) patients directly home is becoming more common. High-quality ICU discharge summaries are crucial in the transition of patient care. Currently, at Memorial Health University Medical Center (MHUMC), there exists no standardized ICU discharge summary template or consistency when discharge documentation is completed. Investigators evaluated the timeliness and completeness of ICU discharge summaries at MHUMC produced by pediatric residents.

Methods

A single-center retrospective chart review of pediatric patients discharged directly from a 10-bed Pediatric ICU to home was conducted. Charts were evaluated pre- and post-intervention. The intervention included the implementation of a standardized ICU discharge …


Pneumococcal Vaccine Guidance 2022, Bona Shin, Michael Do, Elaina Lioudis Dec 2022

Pneumococcal Vaccine Guidance 2022, Bona Shin, Michael Do, Elaina Lioudis

Transformative Medicine (T-Med)

PCV15 and PCV20 received FDA approval in 2021. This article provides an overview of all pneumococcal vaccines - PPSV23, PCV13, PCV15, and PCV20 and their place in therapy. It provides a summary of pneumococcal disease burden in the U.S., vaccine spectrum of activity, indications, adult/pediatric dosing schedules, efficacy, and common adverse drug reactions.


Perceived Stress And Its Relationship To Moral Resilience Among Nurses In The Hail Region, Saudi Arabia, Hamdan Albaqawi, Maha Sanat Alrashidi Dec 2022

Perceived Stress And Its Relationship To Moral Resilience Among Nurses In The Hail Region, Saudi Arabia, Hamdan Albaqawi, Maha Sanat Alrashidi

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: This study aimed to determine the relationship between perceived stress and moral resilience among nurses.

Methods: The researcher used a quantitative–comparative correlational study design that utilized a self-administered questionnaire with 393 nurse participants in the Hail Region, Saudi Arabia. Adapted questionnaires were distributed through Google Form survey. Data collection was conducted between October and November 2021.

Results: The nurses were moderately stressed (21.69/30) but morally resilient (2.74/4). Perceived stress scale (p < 0.033) and moral resilience (p < 0.25) were found to be significantly associated with gender. The designated ward and age were not significantly associated with perceived stress and moral resilience. Conversely, the years of experience showed a significant association with perceived stress (p < 0.038) but not with moral resilience (p > 0.255). Finally, no relationship was observed between perceived stress and moral resilience (p > 0.248).

Conclusions: The nurses were perceived …


A Cross-Sectional Study Of Nurses’ Perception Toward Utilization And Barriers Of Electronic Health Record, Mohammad Alboliteeh Dec 2022

A Cross-Sectional Study Of Nurses’ Perception Toward Utilization And Barriers Of Electronic Health Record, Mohammad Alboliteeh

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: The utilization of electronic health records (EHRs) is crucial. This study aimed to determine the perception of nurses on the utilization and barriers to the use of EHRs.

Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study on 327 participants was conducted at the government hospitals of Hail City that use EHRs. Data collection was conducted between March and April 2022. The adapted questionnaire was used to collect the data.

Results: Nurses perceived EHRs as useful (5.76 ± 1.71), easy to use (4.74 ± 1.56), and intend to use (5.85 ± 1.81). Sex had no effect on perceived usefulness ( …


Intraoperative Dexmedetomidine Administration Effects On Postoperative Pain Scores And Opioid Medication Requirements: Pain Management Expectations Among Crnas, Dorilynn Nicol, Melissa Gheen, Matthew Bodine Dec 2022

Intraoperative Dexmedetomidine Administration Effects On Postoperative Pain Scores And Opioid Medication Requirements: Pain Management Expectations Among Crnas, Dorilynn Nicol, Melissa Gheen, Matthew Bodine

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Abstract

Opioid pain medications are currently viewed as a standard part of pain control in the vast majority of surgical procedures. However, opioid pain medications can have harmful effects on patients leading to increased length of hospital stay, unplanned readmission, and contribution to relapse or development of opioid use disorder. An opportunity for improved practice of pain management lies within opioid alternative pain medications such as dexmedetomidine. Evidence-based literature reviews have shown that dexmedetomidine has promise as an analgesic medication within the perioperative period with fewer harmful side effects. Barriers to more widespread use of this medication include staff unfamiliarity …


Therapies For Mitochondrial Disorders, Kayli Sousa Smyth, Anne Mulvihill Dec 2022

Therapies For Mitochondrial Disorders, Kayli Sousa Smyth, Anne Mulvihill

SURE_J: Science Undergraduate Research Journal

Mitochondria are cytoplasmic, double-membrane organelles that synthesise adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Mitochondria contain their own genome, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is maternally inherited from the oocyte. Mitochondrial proteins are encoded by either nuclear DNA (nDNA) or mtDNA, and both code for proteins forming the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes of the respiratory chain. These complexes form a chain that allows the passage of electrons down the electron transport chain (ETC) through a proton motive force, creating ATP from adenosine diphosphate (ADP). This study aims to explore current and prospective therapies for mitochondrial disorders (MTDS). MTDS are clinical syndromes coupled with abnormalities …


Metastatic Testicular Cancer Patient With Synchronous Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Presented With Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Case Report, Manar F. Ashour, Sundus Nasim, Hallas M. Kadhim, Maan Faraj, Sylvia E. Eshak Dec 2022

Metastatic Testicular Cancer Patient With Synchronous Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Presented With Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Case Report, Manar F. Ashour, Sundus Nasim, Hallas M. Kadhim, Maan Faraj, Sylvia E. Eshak

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Testicular cancer is a curable oncologic disease of males mostly aged 15-44 years. Most of the patients are successfully treated with radical orchiectomy. However, a delayed presentation may lead to a dismal prognosis. There are several risk factors including cryptorchidism, a first-degree relative with testicular cancer, hypospadias, childhood inguinal hernia, and military pollutant exposure, among others. The distant metastasis of testicular carcinoma to the lung, liver, and brain are widely described. We present a unique case of a 28-year-old male who presented with gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Later, it was discovered that he had a metastatic testicular carcinoma synchronous with an …


Use Of Integrated Clinical Scenarios In Neuroanatomy Laboratory Sessions A Strategy To Foster Students’ Learning, Ahmed Yaqinuddin, Amna Siddiqui, Muhammad Faisal Ikram, Junaid Kashir Dec 2022

Use Of Integrated Clinical Scenarios In Neuroanatomy Laboratory Sessions A Strategy To Foster Students’ Learning, Ahmed Yaqinuddin, Amna Siddiqui, Muhammad Faisal Ikram, Junaid Kashir

International Journal of Health and Allied Sciences

Objective: Combinations of various teaching strategies have been employed to enhance neuroanatomy teaching, to little success. Herein, we describe the use of integrated clinical scenarios in anatomy laboratory sessions as an educational strategy to improve the learning process for students undertaking neuroscience course. Methods: We assessed the perception and performance of students who utilised the integrated clinical resources in the neuroanatomy labs. We also compared the performance of the students on their neuroscience course with the performance of the previous year's students (who did not use the clinical scenarios). Results: A total of (130) 88% of the registered student both …


Empowering Nurses To Recognize Post-Stroke Depression In The African American Community, Deidra Frisbie, Robin Simon Dec 2022

Empowering Nurses To Recognize Post-Stroke Depression In The African American Community, Deidra Frisbie, Robin Simon

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

African Americans (AA) have the highest prevalence of stroke and death compared to other racial groups in the United States. Post-stroke depression (PSD) affects approximately 1/3 of all stroke patients and is underdiagnosed in the African American community.

Aim: By using a mHealth mobile app and a Psychiatry provider list at discharge, PSD can be identified, and interventions initiated, thus decreasing the sequela of PSD in AA.

Methods: Nurses were provided education on PSD, expressions of depression in African-Americans, cultural humility, implicit bias, and the importance of the nurse's role in developing a therapeutic relationship.

Results: Quantitative analysis revealed the …


Sepsis Inservice And Video At An Urban Hospital In California, Angela T. Ho Dec 2022

Sepsis Inservice And Video At An Urban Hospital In California, Angela T. Ho

Master's Projects and Capstones

The emergency department at an urban hospital in California was performing below institutional goals related to sepsis protocols over the past few months. This intervention was targeted at nurses and was composed of a PowerPoint in-service on compliance to SEP-1 protocols and follow-along video on using the correct sepsis order set and documentation in the electronic health record (EHR). Goals included increased compliance to the SEP-1 protocol and documentation, (2) reduced time between the onset of symptoms, recognition, and intervention, (3) decline in sepsis rates and mortality rates, and (4) lower cost of care. Data was collected from the EHR …


Implementation Of Staff Education To Standardize The Use Of Positions During The First Stage Of Labor, Minh Chau T. Phan Dec 2022

Implementation Of Staff Education To Standardize The Use Of Positions During The First Stage Of Labor, Minh Chau T. Phan

Master's Projects and Capstones

This project aims to educate labor and delivery (L&D) nurses on effective laboring positions that can aid fetal descent during the first stage of labor. In an L&D unit of a south Bay Area County hospital, there is a lack of standardization of knowledge and practices on laboring positions among the nursing staff. Evidence shows that upright positions and frequent mobility are effective in shortening the duration of labor and minimizing unnecessary cesarean deliveries. Based on the evidence, a project was implemented using verbal education of evidence-based laboring positions. An educational handout was also provided along with a recorded video …


Development Of An On-Call Assessment Tool For Competency-Based Surgical Training, Eric C. Mitchell Dec 2022

Development Of An On-Call Assessment Tool For Competency-Based Surgical Training, Eric C. Mitchell

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: A central tenet of competency-based medical education is formative assessment of trainees. There are no assessments examining resident competence on-call, despite this being a significant component of resident training and characterized by less supervision compared to daytime.

Methods: A national survey was conducted to evaluate the state of assessment in Canadian Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery programs. An on-call assessment tool was developed based on a consensus group and was piloted over six months. Validity of the tool was examined through qualitative and quantitative methods.

Results: There were 63 tools completed across ten residents and seven staff physicians. Tool reliability …


Interprofessional Education Lab Manual And Workbook, Geraldine Terry Dec 2022

Interprofessional Education Lab Manual And Workbook, Geraldine Terry

Open Textbooks

This laboratory manual was designed to educate and develop integrated healthcare practices essential in delivering person-centered care. Participants will develop their ability to distinguish the role of their own profession and other healthcare professionals collaborating in the care coordination and case management of patients. The content and team-oriented activities in this manual provide guidance on advancing leadership and communication principles necessary for effective interprofessional communication and team collaboration. The well-researched material is tailored to build on the strengths of participants, while also identifying and encouraging areas for improvement.


Screening For Maternal Postpartum Depression In The Pediatric Primary Care Setting: An Educational Project, Mischelle M. Young, Dr. Robert Cornette, Dr. Lisa Padgett Dec 2022

Screening For Maternal Postpartum Depression In The Pediatric Primary Care Setting: An Educational Project, Mischelle M. Young, Dr. Robert Cornette, Dr. Lisa Padgett

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Abstract

The birth of a baby can bring about an array of powerful emotions that range from joy and excitement to feelings of anxiety, worry, and depression. A majority of mothers experience postpartum baby blues which normally begins 2-3 days after delivery and can last for up to 2-3 weeks, but some mothers experience a more severe form known as postpartum depression (PPD). PPD can be mistaken for baby blues at first, but the signs and symptoms do not diminish and can continue to worsen. Postpartum depression signs and symptoms include withdrawing from friends and family, severe mood swings, excessive …


Intouch Week Of December 12, 2022, New York Medical College Dec 2022

A Case Of Inferior Dislocation Of Right Shoulder, Gauri A. Nair Dec 2022

A Case Of Inferior Dislocation Of Right Shoulder, Gauri A. Nair

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Dislocation of the shoulder is the commonest of all large joint dislocations. Inferior dislocation of the shoulder, also called luxatio erecta, is a rare form. It appears in less than 0.5% of all shoulder dislocations. Patient characteristically presents with an arm locked in upright position - Luxatio erecta. Its etiology, clinical presentation and radiographic findings are distinct. An awareness of associated potential neurovascular injuries and rotator cuff tears is important in this rare entity and should be excluded with high index of suspicion. Preferred modality of treatment depends upon the age of the patient and the extent of neurovascular involvement. …


Personality Disorder Predisposing To Alcohol Dependence, Samarchitha S Ms., Venkatesh Babu Dr., Megha Sadashiv Dr., Sudeep Pk Mr. Dec 2022

Personality Disorder Predisposing To Alcohol Dependence, Samarchitha S Ms., Venkatesh Babu Dr., Megha Sadashiv Dr., Sudeep Pk Mr.

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

No abstract provided.


High-Velocity Fracture: Case Of Displaced Intertrochanteric Fracture Offemur With Spiral Fracture Of Shaft Of Right Femur, Gayathri Sureshkumar Nair Dec 2022

High-Velocity Fracture: Case Of Displaced Intertrochanteric Fracture Offemur With Spiral Fracture Of Shaft Of Right Femur, Gayathri Sureshkumar Nair

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

BACKGROUND

Intertrochanteric fracture is a common orthopedic condition characterized by extracapsular fractures of the proximal femur that occur between the greater and lesser trochanter with predominance in elderly population, especially those with osteoporosis, wherein even a low energy mechanism is enough to cause the fracture.

There is an observed female predominance with ratio between 2:1 and 8:1. [1,2]

Commonly observed symptoms include shortened and externally rotated limb, pain and bony tenderness around the hip joint, inability to bear weight on the affected limb to name a few.

Management depends upon age of patient, nature of the fracture, number of comminuted …


Comparison Of Conventional Pap Smear And Manual Liquid Based Cytology With P16 Marker In Screening For Cervical Cancer In Indian Tertiary Healthcare Setups In Mysuru, Gayathri Sureshkumar Nair, Nandini Manoli, Nandish Manoli Dec 2022

Comparison Of Conventional Pap Smear And Manual Liquid Based Cytology With P16 Marker In Screening For Cervical Cancer In Indian Tertiary Healthcare Setups In Mysuru, Gayathri Sureshkumar Nair, Nandini Manoli, Nandish Manoli

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

In India, there are 20.2 per 100000 new cases of Cervical Cancer diagnosed and 11.1 per 100000 deaths annually accounting for more than one fifths of global cervical cancer deaths. [1] Thus, due to an absence of a national immunization program to cover human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and lack of accessible cervical cancer screening, the disease is characterized by late detection, lack of access to affordable and quality health care, and high mortality rates. [2]

Papanicolaou Smear Test was a novel invention by Dr George Papanicolaou in the year 1927 which gained maximum popularity in 1950 as a screening test …