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Articles 1 - 30 of 11064

Full-Text Articles in Forest Sciences

Linking Soil Properties To Originally Wooded And Afforested Areas, Ashton A. Crowe, Matthew Laun Jan 2023

Linking Soil Properties To Originally Wooded And Afforested Areas, Ashton A. Crowe, Matthew Laun

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Linking Soil Properties to Originally Wooded and Afforested Areas

Matthew Laun, Ashton Crowe

Mentor: I. P. Handayani

Hutson School of Agriculture Murray State University, KY, USA

Abstract

Afforestation, adding an artificial forest to a piece of land that has been barren of trees for a significant amount of time, has some seriously huge impacts on the environment. These effects can be seen as an increase in the soil organic matter, a decrease in compaction, and enhancement of porosity. Therefore, the soil can support more diverse microbes and fungal communities leading to better micro and macro nutrient transfers between plants. This …


Assessing Wood Failure In Plywood By Deep Learning/Semantic Segmentation, Ramon Ferreira Oliveira Dec 2022

Assessing Wood Failure In Plywood By Deep Learning/Semantic Segmentation, Ramon Ferreira Oliveira

Theses and Dissertations

The current method for estimating wood failure is highly subjective. Various techniques have been proposed to improve the current protocol, but none have succeeded. This research aims to use deep learning/semantic segmentation using SegNet architecture to estimate wood failure in four types of three-ply plywood from mechanical shear strength specimens. We trained and tested our approach on custom and commercial plywood with bio-based and phenol-formaldehyde adhesives. Shear specimens were prepared and tested. Photographs of 255 shear bonded areas were taken. Forty photographs were used to solicit visual estimates from five human evaluators, and the remaining photographs were used to train …


Mapping Forest Structure In Mississippi Using Lidar Remote Sensing, Nitant Rai Dec 2022

Mapping Forest Structure In Mississippi Using Lidar Remote Sensing, Nitant Rai

Theses and Dissertations

This study aimed at evaluating the agreement of spaceborne Light Detection and Ranging (lidar) ICESat-2 canopy height with Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) derived canopy height to inform about the performance of ICESat-2 canopy height metrics and understand its uncertainties and utilities. The agreement was assessed for different forest types, physiographic regions, a range of percent canopy cover, and diverse disturbance histories. Results of this study suggest that best agreements are found using strong beam data collected at night for canopy height retrieval using ICESat-2. The ICESat-2 showed great potential for estimating canopy heights, particularly in evergreen forests with high canopy …


Disease Resistance And Productivity In Genetically Improved Loblolly Pine: Results From A Resistance Screening Trial And A Midrotation Comparison Of Genetic Improvement Levels, Stephen W. Goodfellow Dec 2022

Disease Resistance And Productivity In Genetically Improved Loblolly Pine: Results From A Resistance Screening Trial And A Midrotation Comparison Of Genetic Improvement Levels, Stephen W. Goodfellow

Theses and Dissertations

Decades of tree improvement has resulted in genetic gains in loblolly pine productivity, form, and resistance to fusiform rust. The goal of this study was to advance the understanding and applied use of genetic improvement by analyzing inter- and intra-provenances hybrids’ rust resistance and evaluating midrotation performance of varying levels of genetically improved stock types. The first study compares 16 seedlots at the USDA Resistance Screening Center and evaluates rust resistance of controlled-pollinated inter- and intra-provenances crosses, and openpollinated seedlots from three provenances: Western Gulf, Atlantic Coastal, and Interior Piedmont. Post inoculation, one Coastal OP seedlot was resistant and ten …


Wrack Lines Volume 22, Number 2, Fall-Winter 2022-2023, Nancy C. Balcom, Juliana Barrett, Judy Benson, Ben Crnic, Sto Len Dec 2022

Wrack Lines Volume 22, Number 2, Fall-Winter 2022-2023, Nancy C. Balcom, Juliana Barrett, Judy Benson, Ben Crnic, Sto Len

Wrack Lines

With the theme, "Looking Ahead: People and Projects Shaping the Future," the Fall-Winter 2022-2023 leads with the first in what will be a series of articles about offshore wind development impacting Connecticut. That is followed by the inspiring story of how a dying forest was replanted for climate resilience. Next, a profile of longtime marine educator Tim Visel tells about his lasting impact on Connecticut schools and students. Lastly, the complex challenge of dealing with Contaminants of Emerging Concern is examined, with descriptions of how Sea Grant is involved and the particularly troublesome group of substances called PFAS.


Callery Pear Allelopathy Study, Michaela J. Woods, Jonathan T. Bauer, Dena Schaeffer, Ryan W. Mcewan Dec 2022

Callery Pear Allelopathy Study, Michaela J. Woods, Jonathan T. Bauer, Dena Schaeffer, Ryan W. Mcewan

Five Rivers MetroParks Collaboration Data Archive

No abstract provided.


An Exploratory Study On The Impacts Of Covid-19 On Urban Forestry And The Urban Environment, Judith Oppong Dec 2022

An Exploratory Study On The Impacts Of Covid-19 On Urban Forestry And The Urban Environment, Judith Oppong

COVID-19 Research Symposium - Student Publications

With associated economic lost, the covid-19 pandemic imposed several ecological costs on cities and communities. Many public spaces across the world were either closed or had restricted access during the peak of the covid-19 pandemic. This as well as many other impositions during that period hindered access to and use of urban landscapes such as parks and green spaces. This exploratory study looks at the impacts of the covid-19 pandemic on the management, perception and use of urban landscapes such as urban forests and parks. The study identifies increased security and maintenance issues, staffing shortage, funding cuts, and loss of …


Spatiotemporal Analysis Of Covid-19 Lockdown Impact On The Land Surface Temperatures Of Different Land Cover Types In Louisiana, Priscilla Mawuena Loh Dec 2022

Spatiotemporal Analysis Of Covid-19 Lockdown Impact On The Land Surface Temperatures Of Different Land Cover Types In Louisiana, Priscilla Mawuena Loh

COVID-19 Research Symposium - Student Publications

There are growing debates about anthropogenic (human) factors having considerable impact on climate change, the ecosystem, and heat-related trends as far as conditions of the earth’s surface temperature are concerned. A reduction in human activities leading to the emission of toxic gases such as Carbon Dioxide and Methane into the atmosphere is however, regarded as one of the mitigative remedies to combat climate changes and its associated effects. This phenomenon of fewer human activities was demonstrated during the Covid-19 pandemic outbreak, which presented a severe threat to nations all over the world and consequently restricted human movements by imposing a …


Population Ecology Of Spruce-Fir Forests Of The Interior West, Katheryn Little Dec 2022

Population Ecology Of Spruce-Fir Forests Of The Interior West, Katheryn Little

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Spruce-fir forest type covers nearly 10 million acres of forested land in the interior west, but there is a lack of research defining how these forests grow for future planning. Stand density index (SDI) represents the average tree size and number of trees in a stand multiplied. Each species has specific maximum number the growing space can handle known as ‘fully stocked’. If the stand is fully stocked, it must wait until trees die for individuals to grow. Spruce and fir have similar maximum stocking values, and similar growth characteristics, allowing them to be plotted together. Using current forest data, …


Assessing Post-Fire Revegetation Efforts In Box Elder County, Utah, Using The Rangeland Analysis Platform, Rayce Bryan Dec 2022

Assessing Post-Fire Revegetation Efforts In Box Elder County, Utah, Using The Rangeland Analysis Platform, Rayce Bryan

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

After fires occur in western rangelands, land management agencies commonly perform vegetation treatments and reseeding projects. The West Box Elder Coordinated Resource Management Group expressed concern regarding the difficult process of determining outcomes from the many post-fire revegetation projects undertaken on rangeland of Box Elder County, Utah. This research attempted to compile and clarify the fire and treatment history of the county and produce an assessment of the outcomes from each unique post-fire treatment in West Box Elder County. Also produced was a database of post-fire revegetation outcomes in published literature.

Unique treatment polygons were identified and then subset according …


Resource Document On The Nexus Between Animal Welfare, The Environment, And Sustainable Development, Wellbeing International Nov 2022

Resource Document On The Nexus Between Animal Welfare, The Environment, And Sustainable Development, Wellbeing International

Nexus – UNEP – Animal Welfare, Environment, Sustainable Development

This Resource Document has been developed to explore the Nexus (links) between Animal Welfare, the Environment, and Sustainable Development. The document includes relevant citations and reports addressing the topics encompassed by the Nexus. It will be maintained as a “living document” (subject to revision) in the WellBeing International Studies Repository. The original document and subsequent revisions will be kept in the Repository to provide a record of the changes.


Recreation Use And Experiences On The Sovereign Lands Of The Colorado And Green Rivers In Utah, Jordan W. Smith, Wayne Freimund, Chase C. Lamborn, Glendon Vansandt Nov 2022

Recreation Use And Experiences On The Sovereign Lands Of The Colorado And Green Rivers In Utah, Jordan W. Smith, Wayne Freimund, Chase C. Lamborn, Glendon Vansandt

All Current Publications

While the Colorado and Green Rivers both offer a wide variety of experiences, resource managers have very little reliable data to inform them about how recreationists are using the rivers, the types of on-river encounters amongst river users and river users’ preferences for how on-river recreation is managed. The objectives of the survey effort were to: 1) Provide an accurate characterization of how recreationists are using the rivers; 2) Characterize the types of on-river encounters amongst river users; and 3) Assess river users’ preferences for potential management actions that recreation managers could consider in the future. We intercepted visitors at …


Data For Gridding, Joseph D. Birch, James A. Lutz, Soren Struckman, Jessica Miesel, Justine Karst Nov 2022

Data For Gridding, Joseph D. Birch, James A. Lutz, Soren Struckman, Jessica Miesel, Justine Karst

Browse all Datasets

Background: Large-diameter trees have an outsized influence on aboveground forest dynamics, composition, and structure. Although their influence on aboveground processes is well studied, their role in shaping belowground fungal communities is largely unknown. We sought to test if (H1) fungal community spatial structure matched aboveground forest structure, (H2) fungal functional guilds exhibited differential associations to aboveground tree, snag, and deadwood, and (H3) that large-diameter trees and snags have a larger influence on fungal community richness than smaller-diameter trees. We used MiSeq sequencing of fungal communities collected from soils in a spatially intensive survey in a portion of Cedar Breaks National …


Fire History And Long-Term Carbon Accumulation In Hemi-Boreal Peatlands Companion Dataset, Dominic Uhelski, Evan Kane, Rodney Chimner Nov 2022

Fire History And Long-Term Carbon Accumulation In Hemi-Boreal Peatlands Companion Dataset, Dominic Uhelski, Evan Kane, Rodney Chimner

Michigan Tech Research Data

This dataset contains peat property data including location, depth, bulk density, organic matter content, and carbon content, infrared spectra, and radiocarbon dates. Peat cores were collected between 2011 and 2019. Analyses were performed between 2018 and 2021. Samples were collected from peatlands in Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota for the purposes of reconstruction of fire history. The data is associated with a yet-to-be-published manuscript to be submitted to Ecosystems.

A README file is included describing the contents of the dataset and all major spreadsheet files contain a Meta worksheet which describes each column of
data.


Soil Carbon Within The Mangrove Landscape In Rufiji River Delta, Tanzania, Zhaohua Dai, Carl C. Trettin, Mwita M. Mangora, Wenwu Tang Oct 2022

Soil Carbon Within The Mangrove Landscape In Rufiji River Delta, Tanzania, Zhaohua Dai, Carl C. Trettin, Mwita M. Mangora, Wenwu Tang

Michigan Tech Publications

Mangroves are among the most carbon-rich terrestrial ecosystems, primarily attributable to the soil pool. There are substantial differences in soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) due to the disparities in geomorphic settings and ecological drivers, but this insight is drawn primarily from observational studies. An objective inventory of carbon stocks in mangroves of the Rufiji River Delta, Tanzania was conducted. Seventy-five soil cores were collected within a 12,164 ha inventory area, comprising the northern portion of the delta. Cores were collected from intact and dwarf mangroves, agricultural fields, and mudflats. The spatial mean soil organic carbon (SOC) density in mangroves …


Bibliography Of Mountain Biking Research: 1990-2021, Katelyn P. Kuklinski, Kimberly J. Coleman, Jessica E. Leahy, Elizabeth E. Perry, Emily Reinhardt, Luke Briccetti Oct 2022

Bibliography Of Mountain Biking Research: 1990-2021, Katelyn P. Kuklinski, Kimberly J. Coleman, Jessica E. Leahy, Elizabeth E. Perry, Emily Reinhardt, Luke Briccetti

Non-Thesis Student Work

Since the 1980s, mountain biking as an outdoor recreation activity has grown rapidly worldwide. Research on mountain biking is growing across many academic disciplines, from medicine to outdoor recreation and tourism research. This bibliography includes peer-reviewed research published on mountain biking within the context of natural resource management from 1990-2021.


Assisted Migration Is Plausible For A Boreal Tree Species Under Climate Change: A Quantitative And Population Genetics Study Of Trembling Aspen (Populus Tremuloides Michx.) In Western Canada, Chen Ding, Jean S. Brouard Oct 2022

Assisted Migration Is Plausible For A Boreal Tree Species Under Climate Change: A Quantitative And Population Genetics Study Of Trembling Aspen (Populus Tremuloides Michx.) In Western Canada, Chen Ding, Jean S. Brouard

Aspen Bibliography

A novel method was tested for improving tree breeding strategies that integrate quantitative and population genetics based on range-wide reciprocal transplant experiments. Five reciprocal common garden tests of Populus tremuloides were investigated including 6450 trees across western Canada focusing on adaptation traits and growth. Both genetic parameters and home-site transplant models were evaluated. We found a genetic trade-off between growth and early spring leaf flush and late fall senescence. Coefficients of phenotypic variation (CVp) of cell lysis (CL), a measure of freezing injury, shrank from 0.28 to 0.10 during acclimation in the fall, and the CVp slope versus …


Wetlands In Our Backyard: A Review Of Wetland Types In Virginia State Parks, Kirsten Bauer, Benjamin K. Campbell Oct 2022

Wetlands In Our Backyard: A Review Of Wetland Types In Virginia State Parks, Kirsten Bauer, Benjamin K. Campbell

Virginia Journal of Science

Wetlands constitute a significant component of Virginia’s natural resources and heritage. Though historically they have been discounted—and often denigrated—the exceptional value of wetlands is currently growing in recognition and appreciation. In addition to the value provided by extracted resources and ecological regulation, wetlands also offer people the opportunity to enrich themselves through cultural, educational, and recreational pursuits. The state parks of Virginia provide access to a variety of ecosystems, including a wide array of wetland types. In this review, we document the diversity of wetlands in Virginia State Parks through a typology that groups wetland systems into the three principal …


The Specific Richness Of Forest Cockroach Communities In The Region Of Aflou (Laghouat; Algeria), Fatiha Masna, Siham Bounadji, Saliha Benhissen, Zakaria Hedjouli, Abdelmadjid Yagoub Asloum, Sarra Habbachi, Waffa Habbachi Sep 2022

The Specific Richness Of Forest Cockroach Communities In The Region Of Aflou (Laghouat; Algeria), Fatiha Masna, Siham Bounadji, Saliha Benhissen, Zakaria Hedjouli, Abdelmadjid Yagoub Asloum, Sarra Habbachi, Waffa Habbachi

Journal of Bioresource Management

Forest cockroaches are among the insects that play an important and effective role in forest formations, they are insects with incomplete metamorphosis belonging to the order of Blattodea. This work is a contribution to the knowledge of Blattoptera species existing in the forest environments of Aflou’s region (Laghouat; Algeria).The inventory was carried out monthly in the El-Khnegue Forest (Aflou) from February 2019 to May 2019. It revealed the presence of six species of forest Cockroaches, which belongs to 4 genera of the Blattelidae family. After identification, it was demonstrated that, these species were: Dziriblatta nigriventris (Chopard, 1936), Dziriblatta stenoptera (Chopard, …


Image Processing In Dense Forest Areas Using Unmanned Aerial System (Uas), Parth Bhatt, Curtis Edson, Ann Maclean Sep 2022

Image Processing In Dense Forest Areas Using Unmanned Aerial System (Uas), Parth Bhatt, Curtis Edson, Ann Maclean

Michigan Tech Publications

Description:

A detailed workflow using Structure from Motion (SfM) techniques for processing high-resolution Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) NIR and RGB imagery in a dense forest environment where obtaining control points is difficult due to limited access and safety issues.

Abstract:

Imagery collected via Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) platforms has become popular in recent years due to improvements in a Digital Single-Lens Reflex (DSLR) camera (centimeter and sub-centimeter), lower operation costs as compared to human piloted aircraft, and the ability to collect data over areas with limited ground access. Many different application (e.g., forestry, agriculture, geology, archaeology) are already using and …


Updates On Insect Pests Of Eastern White Pine, William H. Livingston Sep 2022

Updates On Insect Pests Of Eastern White Pine, William H. Livingston

UNH Cooperative Extension

No abstract provided.


Managing Eastern White Pine In Virginia, Zach Olinger Sep 2022

Managing Eastern White Pine In Virginia, Zach Olinger

UNH Cooperative Extension

No abstract provided.


Eastern White Pine Past Present And Future, William H. Livingston Sep 2022

Eastern White Pine Past Present And Future, William H. Livingston

UNH Cooperative Extension

No abstract provided.


Drought And Eastern White Pine, Cameron Mcintire Sep 2022

Drought And Eastern White Pine, Cameron Mcintire

UNH Cooperative Extension

No abstract provided.


Eastern White Pine Management In Western North Carolina, Jim Phillips Sep 2022

Eastern White Pine Management In Western North Carolina, Jim Phillips

UNH Cooperative Extension

No abstract provided.


White Pine In New Hampshire, Karen P. Bennett, Steven S. Roberge Sep 2022

White Pine In New Hampshire, Karen P. Bennett, Steven S. Roberge

UNH Cooperative Extension

No abstract provided.


White Pine Management In Maine, Bob Seymour Sep 2022

White Pine Management In Maine, Bob Seymour

UNH Cooperative Extension

No abstract provided.


Eastern White Pine Symposium: Management Trends, William H. Livingston Sep 2022

Eastern White Pine Symposium: Management Trends, William H. Livingston

UNH Cooperative Extension

No abstract provided.


Eastern White Pine In Wisconsin, Gregory Edge Sep 2022

Eastern White Pine In Wisconsin, Gregory Edge

UNH Cooperative Extension

No abstract provided.


Eastern White Pine Management In Massachusetts, Nicholas Brazee Sep 2022

Eastern White Pine Management In Massachusetts, Nicholas Brazee

UNH Cooperative Extension

No abstract provided.