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Full-Text Articles in Food Processing

Effects Of Covid-19 On University Student Food Security, Elizabeth D. Davitt, Michelle M. Heer, Donna M. Winham, Simon T. Knoblauch, Mack C. Shelley Jun 2021

Effects Of Covid-19 On University Student Food Security, Elizabeth D. Davitt, Michelle M. Heer, Donna M. Winham, Simon T. Knoblauch, Mack C. Shelley

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

During COVID-19 restrictions in spring 2020, college students experienced closed dormitories and increased unemployment and many students moved in with their families. College students were vulnerable to food insecurity pre-pandemic and this study examined how the living situations and food security status changed for Midwestern university students due to COVID-19 restrictions. An email survey administered to Iowa State University students between the ages of 18 and 30 who physically attended campus prior to its closure produced 1434 responses. Students living with a parent or guardian increased by 44% and were less likely to experience food insecurity or less likely to ...


A Living City: Food Accessibility And Urban Growth In New York City, Kat Coleman May 2021

A Living City: Food Accessibility And Urban Growth In New York City, Kat Coleman

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper examines the way in which food equity and localization initiatives, specifically in New York City, are a vital response to urban growth and sustainable food demand. Improvements to the current food system in the form of changing the way food is produced, procured, stored, transported, and distributed improves nutrition and contributes to urban sustainability. Chapter 1 provides data on urban environmental justice issues related to food equity, drawing on research from the United Nations and food justice organizations in New York City. Chapter 2 explores the ethical issues surrounding food access and food justice in an increasingly urban ...


Techniques To Improve The Volume, Texture And Nutritional Quality Of Gluten Free Bread, Zachary Christman May 2021

Techniques To Improve The Volume, Texture And Nutritional Quality Of Gluten Free Bread, Zachary Christman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

This article highlights the use of soy flour to improve the protein and fiber of gluten free bread. Also, the use of an extrusion process on soybean and corn flour blends improves the volume and texture of the bread. A full listing of the ingredients and method for production of higher quality gluten free bread is included.


A Systematic Literature Review Of Sanitizer Efficacy To Remove Listeria Monocytogenes, Salmonella Spp., And Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Biofilms From Food Processing Surfaces, Ashlynn Robinson May 2021

A Systematic Literature Review Of Sanitizer Efficacy To Remove Listeria Monocytogenes, Salmonella Spp., And Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli Biofilms From Food Processing Surfaces, Ashlynn Robinson

Food Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

Sanitizing in food production environments is essential to prevent, reduce, and/or eliminate foodborne pathogens. Biofilms consist of one or more different types of microorganisms and can grow on numerous types of surfaces (Costerton,1999). SLRs provide transparency about what steps were taken to acquire the sources included in the analysis (Liberati et al.,2009; Moher et al., 2009). The references obtained from the databases were based on specific eligibility criteria to ensure reproducible results. The inclusion criteria included six surface types (stainless steel, glass, plastic, polyurethane, PVC, rubber), seven sanitizer types (anionic acid, benzalkonium chloride, iodine, iodophor, peracetic acid ...


Effects Of Retail Case Environment And Led Lighting Temperature On Color Of Ground Beef Patties, Mesa Kutz May 2021

Effects Of Retail Case Environment And Led Lighting Temperature On Color Of Ground Beef Patties, Mesa Kutz

Animal Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

The objective of this study was to explore different type of retail cases and case environments, primarily lighting, to quantify the impact on shelf life. Coarse ground 80:20 beef from a local retail establishment was acquired between 7 and 10 d from the box date and fine ground through a 9.5 mm grinder plate, and then formed into 150.25 g patties with an automatic patty forming machine. Each patty was then individually packaged in PVC-overwrap packages and randomly assigned to one of the four different treatments: open, multideck cases with 3000 K lighting (OPEN3000),open 3500 K ...


Combatting Inefficient Food Waste In Nwa With Food Loops, Davis Ehlers May 2021

Combatting Inefficient Food Waste In Nwa With Food Loops, Davis Ehlers

Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses

It is no longer a speculation that the actions of the human race have had detrimental impacts on the environment. As consumers become increasingly aware of this fact- and the fact that many of the issues are caused by bad business and environmental management, many individuals are wondering what they can do about it. This growing area of demand is where many businesses have begun to take on the challenge of being profitable while benefiting the environment at the same time, and some have even found ways to create a profit by engaging in activities that directly benefit the environment ...


Simulation Of The Extrusion Process Oil Crops Waste, On The Example Of Flax., Mukhtar Tultabaev, Umyt Zhumanova, Aleksandr Borovski, Marzhan Kizatova Apr 2021

Simulation Of The Extrusion Process Oil Crops Waste, On The Example Of Flax., Mukhtar Tultabaev, Umyt Zhumanova, Aleksandr Borovski, Marzhan Kizatova

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The modern fodder base does not allow organizing a full and balanced feeding of animals, which leads to the use of the genetic potential of livestock productivity by only 40-60%. As a result of the work, the extrusion of waste of post-harvest processing of oilseeds growing in Northern Kazakhstan (flax) was carried out. In the process of work, an experiment planning matrix was drawn up, on the basis of which experiments were carried out on the extrusion of oilseed waste. The research results were processed and mathematical models of optimization were obtained.


Technology Of Obtaining A Food Additive From Citrullus Colocynthis And Its Hypoglycemic Activity, Isomiddin Bobaev, Маrkhаbоkhон Makhmudova, Khayrulla Bobakulov, Vladimir Syrov, Nasrulla Abdullaev Apr 2021

Technology Of Obtaining A Food Additive From Citrullus Colocynthis And Its Hypoglycemic Activity, Isomiddin Bobaev, Маrkhаbоkhон Makhmudova, Khayrulla Bobakulov, Vladimir Syrov, Nasrulla Abdullaev

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the study is to develop a technology for obtaining a food additive for the extract of the pulp of bitter watermelon - Citrullus colocynthis, introduced in Uzbekistan as a hypoglycemic agent. Pharmacological studies have shown the presence of a hypoglycemic effect for aqueous and alcoholic extracts and 2-O-β-glucopyranosyl-cucurbitacin E in rats with alloxan diabetes mellitus. Cucurbitacins were isolated from the extract - cucurbitacin E, 2-O-β-glucopyranosyl-cucurbitacin E and other bioactive substances.

The food supplement obtained from bitter watermelon (Citrullus colocynthis (family Cucurbitaceae)) according to the developed technology showed a higher hypoglycemic activity compared to the drug arfazetin.


Challenges And Opportunities In Food Safety-A Review, Iram Asim, Humaira Yasmeen Apr 2021

Challenges And Opportunities In Food Safety-A Review, Iram Asim, Humaira Yasmeen

Journal of Bioresource Management

Food-borne diseases are the group of disorders that are caused by consuming food having microbial existence in it. So safe food handling is to make sure the lessening of detrimental effects in growth to the packaging of food to minimize health issues on consumers which otherwise can lead to large scale disease outburst. This review concludes the findings of the studies on how food is being handled from farm to fork, how airlines are contributing towards the spreading of diseases, how any negligence in any one of the steps can cause havoc to mankind in the light of the recent ...


Process Interventions For Improving The Microbiological Safety Of Low Moisture Food Ingredients, Tushar Verma Apr 2021

Process Interventions For Improving The Microbiological Safety Of Low Moisture Food Ingredients, Tushar Verma

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

The recurrence of Salmonella in low moisture foods and the implementation of the FSMA rule requires a need to validate legacy and novel processing technologies. In this dissertation, a legacy thermal (extrusion), a novel thermal (radiofrequency (RF) heating), and a non-thermal (chlorine dioxide) technology, were evaluated as intervention technologies for Salmonella in low moisture foods. The twin-screw extruder was performed at different levels of screw speeds, temperatures, moisture contents, and fat contents to understand the impact of processing conditions on Salmonella inactivation in oat flour. At temperature >65°C, the Salmonella population was below the detection limit. At 55°C ...


Microbial Challenge Studies Of Radio Frequency Heating For Dairy Powders And Gaseous Technologies For Spices, Xinyao Wei Apr 2021

Microbial Challenge Studies Of Radio Frequency Heating For Dairy Powders And Gaseous Technologies For Spices, Xinyao Wei

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

Persistence, thermal resistance, and survival of Salmonella in low moisture foods (LMF) have resulted in several foodborne illness outbreaks. Both existing and novel pasteurization technologies need to be validated for microbial safety of LMF. In this dissertation, a framework for using radio frequency (RF) heating to enhance microbial safety of milk powders and egg white powder was established. Thermal inactivation kinetics of Salmonella in milk powders were determined to guide the dairy industry for identifying thermal processing conditions for pasteurization. Storage time showed no effect on the thermal resistance of Salmonella, which can simplify the process validation study in the ...


Pickle And Other Condiment Recipes From Backyard Farmer, Wayne C. Whitney, Sue Ann Gardner Mar 2021

Pickle And Other Condiment Recipes From Backyard Farmer, Wayne C. Whitney, Sue Ann Gardner

Zea E-Books Collection

Compiled by Wayne C. Whitney, Extension Horticulturist University of Nebraska Extension Publication CC-245 (1972) With a new Preface by Sue Ann Gardner Here are the favorite pickle and other condiment recipes submitted by viewers of Backyard Farmer, a television program of the Extension Service, University of Nebraska College of Agriculture. On this program, questions pertaining to the home, yard and garden are answered by specialists in the areas of Horticulture and Forestry, Entomology, Plant Pathology and Agronomy. This publication resulted from an on-the-air request for pickle recipes. Some 536 recipes were received from interested viewers from Nebraska and surrounding states ...


Research Of The Extraction Process And Stock Of Phenolic Compounds Of Localized Wine-Technical Red And White Varieties Of Grapes, Abdullayev Umid Feb 2021

Research Of The Extraction Process And Stock Of Phenolic Compounds Of Localized Wine-Technical Red And White Varieties Of Grapes, Abdullayev Umid

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the study was to determine the technological stock of phenolic compounds in European technical grape varieties grown in the climatic conditions of Uzbekistan, used to produce white and red wines. UV-Vis spectrophotometric method determined the total content of phenolic compounds in localized wine-technical grape varieties. Using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), the qualitative and quantitative content of groups and subgroups of phenolic compounds was studied, biologically active components obtained in the process of their extraction were identified, and studies were carried out to analyze the types of phenolic compounds by chromatographic separation in certain wine-technical grape varieties ...


Effect Of The Use Of Activated Water On The Rheological Properties Of Milled Flour In The Preparation Of Local Wheat Grains Grown In Arid Climates For Varietal Grinding, Ravshanov Suvankul, Mirzayev Jamol, Saparov Bekhruz, Musaev Khasanjon Feb 2021

Effect Of The Use Of Activated Water On The Rheological Properties Of Milled Flour In The Preparation Of Local Wheat Grains Grown In Arid Climates For Varietal Grinding, Ravshanov Suvankul, Mirzayev Jamol, Saparov Bekhruz, Musaev Khasanjon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The article discusses the analysis of studies on the effect of activated water on the preparation of wheat grains grown in an arid climate for high-quality flour grinding. The aim of the study was to study the effect of the use of activated water on the rheological properties of type IV wheat flour grown in arid climates, in the preparation of wheat flour for grinding. In a study of the strength of the gluten framework and the rheological properties of the dough increased by increasing the water absorption capacity of flour when using activated water at 80 and 100 Hz ...


Twenty-Five Years Study (1995–2019) Of Food And Bioproducts Processing: An Overview Of Research Trends, Meghana B. P. Ms, Ghouse Modin Nabeesab Mamdapur Mr, Sidhartha Sahoo Mr Feb 2021

Twenty-Five Years Study (1995–2019) Of Food And Bioproducts Processing: An Overview Of Research Trends, Meghana B. P. Ms, Ghouse Modin Nabeesab Mamdapur Mr, Sidhartha Sahoo Mr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

In the current study, we presented an overview of the publication profile of Food and Bioproducts Processing (FBP), a leading international journal on food processing. The detailed analysis was made to measure its scientific progress from 1995 to 2019 by identifying publication trends, most cited articles, leading institutes, and profolic countries. The publication dataset and citations information were retrieved from the Scopus bibliographic database hosted by Elsevier. Several scientific achievements were observed in publications (n=1548), impact factor 3.726 or CiteScore 6.10, and the citations (a total of 33,663) over the 25-year time frame. The factorial ...


United States Food Law Update: Pasteurized Almonds And Country Of Origin Labeling, A. Bryan Endres Jan 2021

United States Food Law Update: Pasteurized Almonds And Country Of Origin Labeling, A. Bryan Endres

Journal of Food Law & Policy

The last six months of 2008 found the nation occupied with a heated presidential election campaign and the transition to a new party's control of the executive branch. The outgoing president, as is often the case in the waning months of an administration's time in office, attempted to finalize several policy initiatives. This version of the Food Law Update will discuss two major developments with significant long-term impact on the law of food: the implementation of mandatory country of origin labeling (COOL) for most unprocessed agricultural commodities; and the increasing use of the United States Department of Agriculture ...


A Review On European Union’S Strategy For Plastics In A Circular Economy And Its Impact On Food Safety, Chris Matthews, Fintan Moran, Amit Jaiswal Jan 2021

A Review On European Union’S Strategy For Plastics In A Circular Economy And Its Impact On Food Safety, Chris Matthews, Fintan Moran, Amit Jaiswal

Articles

In 2018, European Union adopted a European strategy for plastics in a circular economy as a part of theiraction plan for a circular economy. Sustainability is the underlying motivation behind the plasticsstrategy with a goal of addressing how plastics are designed, used and recycled in the EU. One of thestrategies outlined is that by 2030, all plastic packaging placed on the EU market is either reusable or canbe recycled in a cost-effective manner. A large portion of food packaging is multi-layer plastic that is notrecyclable in a cost-effective manner. Given the difficulties associated with recycling today’s complexfood packaging, what ...


Green Fractionation Of 2g And 3g Feedstocks For Ethanol Production: Advances, Incentives And Barriers, Behzad Satari, Amit Jaiswal Jan 2021

Green Fractionation Of 2g And 3g Feedstocks For Ethanol Production: Advances, Incentives And Barriers, Behzad Satari, Amit Jaiswal

Articles

Efficient release of fermentable sugars from the complex biomass structure such as second-generation or third-generation feedstocks by an appropriate enzymatic hydrolysis needs a prior biomass fractionation. This process facilitates the exposure of more cellulose and hemicelluloses for enzymatic hydrolysis. This review focused on ‘green fractionation’ of biomass by applying the principles of green chemistry for bioethanol production. Besides, the recent technological achievements in applying these principles for the fractionation have been discussed. For green fractionation, energy delivery systems are referred to as microwave and ultrasound. Besides, green cellulose solvents, biomass-derived solvents, and supercritical carbon dioxide play an important role in ...


Reducing Calories Of Margarins, Khodjaev Sarvar, Abdurakhimov Saidakbar, Akramova Rano Dec 2020

Reducing Calories Of Margarins, Khodjaev Sarvar, Abdurakhimov Saidakbar, Akramova Rano

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The goal is to reduce the calorie content of margarines by changing the composition and fat base. In this regard, we studied the change in caloric content and the content of trans-acids in margarines with a change in their fat content. To reduce calorie content, the fat base of margarine was also reduced to 60%, and to increase the biological value of the product, it was enriched with highly unsaturated fatty acids. It was determined that with an increase in the number of unsaturated fatty acids and a decrease in the margarine fat content, the stability of the emulsion deteriorates ...


Chromatographic Analysis Of The Effect Of Catalyst Quantities On The Hydrogenization Process, Rakhimov Dilshod, Ruzibayev Akbarali, Eyupov Edem, Dadamukhamedov Khojiakbar Dec 2020

Chromatographic Analysis Of The Effect Of Catalyst Quantities On The Hydrogenization Process, Rakhimov Dilshod, Ruzibayev Akbarali, Eyupov Edem, Dadamukhamedov Khojiakbar

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Oil and fat industry is one of the important sectors of the food industry. Salomas (Hydrogenated oil) for food and technical purposes are the main components of margarine products, toilet, household soaps, various technological lubricants, cosmetic creams and can be used as valuable chemical raw materials. Objective: ox work is to study the effect of the amount of catalyst on the hydrogenation of cottonseed oil by chromatographic analysis of the resulting salomas. It is confirmed that an increase in the amount of the catalyst from 0.05 to 0.4% increases the melting point of salomas and reduces the iodine ...


Extraction Of Unsaturated Fatty Acids From Vegetable Oils, Pecherskaya Mariya, Mamatkulov Shavkat, Ruzimuradov Olim, Butanov Khakimjan Dec 2020

Extraction Of Unsaturated Fatty Acids From Vegetable Oils, Pecherskaya Mariya, Mamatkulov Shavkat, Ruzimuradov Olim, Butanov Khakimjan

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The article studies the possibility of extraction of monounsaturated oleic acid from highly stable vegetable oils produced at industrial scale. To solve the set tasks, have been selected samples of vegetable oils, present in the domestic market with a high content of unsaturated fatty acids: cottonseed and sunflower, imported rapeseed and olive oils. These oil samples were degraded by hydrolysis, recovered by acid treatment, and purified by repeated recrystallization in ethanol. The composition of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids included in triglycerides of vegetable oils was investigated using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In the obtained samples, the fatty acid composition ...


Water-Soluble Jerusalem Artichoke Extracts As Fat Replacer In Dietary Margarine Recipe, Salijanova Shahnozaxon, Ruzibayev Akbarali, Rakhimov Dilshod, Xusanov Zafar Dec 2020

Water-Soluble Jerusalem Artichoke Extracts As Fat Replacer In Dietary Margarine Recipe, Salijanova Shahnozaxon, Ruzibayev Akbarali, Rakhimov Dilshod, Xusanov Zafar

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Creating dietary margarines using biologically valuable substances is the purpose of the work. According to the results of the experiments, it was found that the use of soybean oil, edible vegetable phospholipids and a Jerusalem artichoke extract in the margarine, allowed reducing the amount of fat and enriching the margarine with omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, dietary fibre, inulin and other water-soluble substances. Based on these studies prepared margarine enriched inulin and essential fatty acids, which provide not only a preventive property of the finished product, but also high flavor indicators, as well as, original and attractive appearance.


Effects Of Tempeh Fermentation On Soy Free And Bound Phenolics: Release, Transformation, And Stimulated Production, Amadeus Driando Ahnan Dec 2020

Effects Of Tempeh Fermentation On Soy Free And Bound Phenolics: Release, Transformation, And Stimulated Production, Amadeus Driando Ahnan

Doctoral Dissertations

The fermentation of tempeh, a traditional source of protein originated in Indonesia, has been reported to enhance the health-promoting potentials of various grains, legumes, and beans. Tempeh fermentation on soybeans can modulate the bioavailability of phenolic compounds, particularly isoflavones, bioactive compounds that have been found to be protective against lung, prostrate, and colon cancers. However, the mechanism of the protective benefits was unknown.

Using whole-food and in vitro models, this study addressed this research gap by investigating the effects of tempeh fermentation using various cultures on the compositions of soy free, bound, and minor phenolics, as well as their antioxidative ...


Adsorptive Surface Modification Of Cellulose Nanocrystals To Stabilize Nutraceuticals Loaded Lipid Carriers For Food Application, Avinash S. Patel Dec 2020

Adsorptive Surface Modification Of Cellulose Nanocrystals To Stabilize Nutraceuticals Loaded Lipid Carriers For Food Application, Avinash S. Patel

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Lipid carriers such as emulsions and liposomes have been widely studied as carriers for different nutraceuticals. However, lipid carriers' physicochemical instability results in the leakage of loaded nutraceuticals and the low solubility into the digestion medium, thus reducing the bioaccessibility. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) are nano-sized cellulose derivatives obtained after hydrolysis of cellulosic matrices that possess potential applications in functional foods and nutraceuticals. However, hydrophilicity, anionic surface potential, and poor re-dispersibility limit CNC’s applications. The primary objectives of this research were 1) to modify CNC via adsorbing polyethylene glycol (PEG) to stabilize liposomes and to study its physiochemical stability at ...


Application Of X-Ray Imaging And Glass Transition Principles In Understanding Rice Kernel Fissure Formation, Zephania R. Odek Dec 2020

Application Of X-Ray Imaging And Glass Transition Principles In Understanding Rice Kernel Fissure Formation, Zephania R. Odek

Theses and Dissertations

Rice kernels with internal fractures of the endosperm, fissures, tend to break during milling, leading to head rice yield (HRY) reductions. Minimizing kernel fissuring is thus an important goal of the rice industry. To minimize fissuring during the drying process, a better understanding of the fissuring process and the kinetics thereof is required. The goal of this research was to use X-ray imaging and glass transition principles to better understand rough rice kernel fissuring. First, because the instance when the fissuring process is initiated and completed during the drying process is not well known, an X-ray imaging setup that allows ...


An Impedimetric Aptasensing System For The Rapid Detection Of Salmonella Typhimurium, America Sotero Dec 2020

An Impedimetric Aptasensing System For The Rapid Detection Of Salmonella Typhimurium, America Sotero

Theses and Dissertations

Salmonella Typhimurium is a foodborne pathogen associated with raw and undercooked eggs, poultry, beef, fruits, and vegetables. In the United States, Salmonella is responsible for approximately 1.2 million illnesses, 23,000 hospitalizations, and 450 deaths annually. For many years, conventional detection methods such as culture-dependent and PCR-based methods have been the “golden standards” for the detection of this pathogen due to their high sensitivity and reliability. However, they still have some disadvantages such as long enrichment steps and high costs that need to be overcome. The development of a rapid and reliable method for the detection of S. Typhimurium ...


Rice Chilling Aeration: Assessment Of Impacts On Grain Quality, Process Modeling And Validation, Soraya Shafiekhani Dec 2020

Rice Chilling Aeration: Assessment Of Impacts On Grain Quality, Process Modeling And Validation, Soraya Shafiekhani

Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of applying chilling temperatures during on-farm, in-bin drying and storage to maintain rice quality. Specific objectives include to demonstrate the effectiveness of chilling aeration to preserve rice quality characteristics, determine the drying kinetics of rice under low temperature environments, and develop models to predict heat and mass transfer in rice kernel during drying at low temperature environment. To date, there is limited research describing storability or drying behavior of rice in chilled environments. However, it is understood that chilling of high-moisture, > 21% wet basis rough rice could reduce the time ...


Non-Coding Rna In Raw And Commercially Processed Milk And Putative Targets Related To Growth And Immune-Response, Sayane Shome, Robert Jernigan, Donald C. Beitz, Stephanie Clark, E. Testroet Dec 2020

Non-Coding Rna In Raw And Commercially Processed Milk And Putative Targets Related To Growth And Immune-Response, Sayane Shome, Robert Jernigan, Donald C. Beitz, Stephanie Clark, E. Testroet

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Background: Bovine milk contains extracellular vesicles (EVs) that play a role in cellular communication, acting in either an autocrine, paracrine, or an exocrine manner. The unique properties of the EVs protect the cargo against degradation. We proled the ncRNAs (non-coding RNA) present in the EVs from ve uid dairy products - raw whole milk, heat-treated skim milk, homogenized heat-treated skim milk, pasteurized homogenized skim milk, and pasteurized heavy whipping cream (four replicates each) obtained at different processing steps from a commercial dairy plant. EVs and their cargo were extracted by using a validated commercial kit that has been shown to be ...


The Use Of Inorganic And Organic Acids As Short Duration Antimicrobial Dips On Mitigating Pathogens Present On Commercial Chicken During Peri-Harvest, Dana Kristen Dittoe Dec 2020

The Use Of Inorganic And Organic Acids As Short Duration Antimicrobial Dips On Mitigating Pathogens Present On Commercial Chicken During Peri-Harvest, Dana Kristen Dittoe

Theses and Dissertations

With poultry being the most consumed meat in the United States, poultry processors must provide consumers with safe, wholesome products. As a consequence, poultry processors are faced with the challenge of reducing the presence of foodborne pathogens such as Salmonella spp. and Campylobacter jejuni among raw poultry products. Though multi-hurdle approaches using antimicrobials are placed throughout processing to reduce these pathogens, Salmonella and C. jejuni still persist among raw poultry. Thus, it was the objective of the current dissertation to investigate various antimicrobials, organic and inorganic acids, as short duration dips and sprays as means to reduce common pathogens (Salmonella ...


Development Of Novel Pectinase And Xylanase Juice Clarification Enzymes Via A Combined Biorefinery And Immobilization Approach, Shady Hassan Dec 2020

Development Of Novel Pectinase And Xylanase Juice Clarification Enzymes Via A Combined Biorefinery And Immobilization Approach, Shady Hassan

Doctoral

Hydrolytic enzymes, such as pectinase and xylanase, maybe harnessed for numerous industrial applications in food industry. Therefore, economic factors such as achievement of optimum yieldsandoverall production costs, in addition to biocatalyst instability,are the main obstacles tothe industrial production and exploitation of a enzymes. For example, microbially-derived enzymes are typically produced in fermenters using expensive growth media, which may account for 30 to 40% of the production cost, and such expense may be compounded further by downstream processing operations.To counter such disadvantages, the major trend in industrial utilization of enzymes in cost-sensitive processes has been to immobilize such biocatalysts ...