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An Analysis Of The Manufacturing Process As Related To The Camber Requirement For Brake Pads, Daniel Patrick Midden 2010 Morehead State University

An Analysis Of The Manufacturing Process As Related To The Camber Requirement For Brake Pads, Daniel Patrick Midden

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Science and Technology at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science by Daniel Patrick Midden on November 30, 2010.


Lean Manufacturing As A Source Of Competitive Advantage, Ryan Scott Williams 2010 Brigham Young University - Provo

Lean Manufacturing As A Source Of Competitive Advantage, Ryan Scott Williams

Theses and Dissertations

The productivity advances generated from lean manufacturing are self-evident. Plants that adopt lean are more capable of achieving high levels of quality, shorter lead times, and less waste in the system. While it seems logical that higher levels of productivity and quality, as is common in lean companies, should result in positive financial performance, the research community has failed to establish the financial profitability of lean. Those researchers who have studied the financial returns issue report varying results. The goal of this research was to determine if a connection exists between lean and financial success and to discover why so ...


Gas Turbine, VIJAYA KRUSHNA VARMA Mr 2010 TOP TAX SYSTEM

Gas Turbine, Vijaya Krushna Varma Mr

VIJAYA KRUSHNA VARMA Mr

Varma designed ultra modern and high efficiency turbines which can use gas, steam or fuels as feed to produce electricity or mechanical work for wide range of usages and applications in industries or at work sites. Varma turbine engines can be used in all types of vehicles. These turbines can also be used in aircraft, ships, battle tanks, dredgers, mining equipment, earth moving machines etc, Salient features of Varma Turbines. 1. Varma turbines are simple in design, easy to manufacture, easy to operate and maintain. 2. Varma turbines are less expensive. 3. Varma turbines have a great power to weight ...


Water Turbine, VIJAYA KRUSHNA VARMA Mr 2010 TOP TAX SYSTEM

Water Turbine, Vijaya Krushna Varma Mr

VIJAYA KRUSHNA VARMA Mr

Varma designed ultra modern and high efficiency turbines which can use gas, steam or fuels as feed to produce electricity or mechanical work for wide range of usages and applications in industries or at work sites. Varma turbine engines can be used in all types of vehicles. These turbines can also be used in aircraft, ships, battle tanks, dredgers, mining equipment, earth moving machines etc, Salient features of Varma Turbines. 1. Varma turbines are simple in design, easy to manufacture, easy to operate and maintain. 2. Varma turbines are less expensive. 3. Varma turbines have a great power to weight ...


Predicting Problems, William Q. Meeker, Necip Doganaksoy, Gerald J. Hahn 2010 Iowa State University

Predicting Problems, William Q. Meeker, Necip Doganaksoy, Gerald J. Hahn

Statistics Publications

Manufacturers must frequently predict the number of future field failures for a product using past field-failure data, especially when an unanticipated failure mode is discovered in the field. Such predictions are needed to quantify future warranty costs and ensure a sufficient number of spare parts will be available to quickly repair failed units. In extreme cases, failure predictions are also needed to decide whether a recall is warranted and, if so, which segments of the product population must be recalled -- such as the units built during a specified period of time or those produced in a particular plant. Using an ...


Comparative Corrosive Characteristics Of Petroleum Diesel And Palm Biodiesel For Automotive Materials, Haseeb ASMA 2010 haseeb@um.edu.my

Comparative Corrosive Characteristics Of Petroleum Diesel And Palm Biodiesel For Automotive Materials, Haseeb Asma

Haseeb ASMA

Corrosive characteristics of biodiesel are important for long term durability of engine parts. The present study aims to compare the corrosion behavior of aluminum, copper and stainless steel in both petroleum diesel and palm biodiesel. Immersion tests in biodiesel (B100) and diesel (B0) were carried out at 80 degrees C for 1200 h. At the end of the test, corrosion characteristic was investigated by weight loss measurements and changes on the exposed metal surface. Surface morphology was examined by optical microscope and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM/EDS). Fuels were analyzed by using TAN analyzer. FTIR ...


Use Of A Porous Membrane For Gas Bubble Removal In Microfluidic Channels: Physical Mechanisms And Design Criteria, Jie Xu, Regis Vaillant, Daniel Attinger 2010 Columbia University

Use Of A Porous Membrane For Gas Bubble Removal In Microfluidic Channels: Physical Mechanisms And Design Criteria, Jie Xu, Regis Vaillant, Daniel Attinger

Daniel Attinger

We demonstrate and explain a simple and efficient way to remove gas bubbles from liquid-filled microchannels, by integrating a hydrophobic porous membrane on top of the microchannel. A prototype chip is manufactured in hard, transparent polymer with the ability to completely filter gas plugs out of a segmented flow at rates up to 7.4 μl/s/mm2 of membrane area. The device involves a bubble generation section and a gas removal section. In the bubble generation section, a T-junction is used to generate a train of gas plugs into a water stream. These gas plugs are then transported toward ...


Micro Pin Extrusion Of Metallic Materials Assisted By Ultrasonic Vibration, Zhehe Yao, Gap-Yong Kim, LeAnn E. Faidley, Qingze Zou, Deqing Mei, Zichen Chen 2010 Zhejiang University

Micro Pin Extrusion Of Metallic Materials Assisted By Ultrasonic Vibration, Zhehe Yao, Gap-Yong Kim, Leann E. Faidley, Qingze Zou, Deqing Mei, Zichen Chen

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Micro extrusion is an economically competitive process to fabricate micro metallic parts. However, fabrication of extremely small geometric features leads to challenges in tool wear due to localized high stress and friction increase at the interface. This study focuses on micro pin extrusion of aluminum with assistance of ultrasonic vibration. Experiments were conducted with and without ultrasound using magnetostrictive actuator. Load-displacement curves from the experiments showed a load reduction when ultrasonic vibration was applied. Experiments of ultrasonic micro pin extrusion with two configurations were performed. The load reduction behaviors at off-resonance and in-resonance conditions were compared. The reduction can be ...


Fabrication Of Al6061-Cnt Composite By Mechanical Alloying Followed By Semi-Solid Powder Processing, Yufeng Wu, Gap-Yong Kim 2010 Iowa State University

Fabrication Of Al6061-Cnt Composite By Mechanical Alloying Followed By Semi-Solid Powder Processing, Yufeng Wu, Gap-Yong Kim

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been widely investigated as a reinforcement material to improve the mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of composite materials. Various routes have been employed to fabricate aluminum-carbon nanotube (Al-CNT) composites in the past few years. However, uniform distribution of CNTs in the metal matrix is still challenging. In this paper, a novel semi-solid powder processing (SPP) was used to incorporate CNT uniformly into the Al6061-CNT composite. Al6061-CNT powders mechanically alloyed for different durations were also examined to understand how the CNTs were dispersed in the Al6061 powders. As-received CNT cluster balls were crushed into dense thin CNT ...


Sae Baja: Final Drive Gearbox, Michael McCausland, Michael Watkins, Ian Masterson, Andrew Sommer 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Sae Baja: Final Drive Gearbox, Michael Mccausland, Michael Watkins, Ian Masterson, Andrew Sommer

Mechanical Engineering

This paper presents the results of a manual transmission project for SAE Baja. A full engineering process is documented, including problem definition, scheduling, conceptualization, decision theory, synthesis, analysis, manufacturing, and testing. A comparison is made between existing and potential mechanical power train solutions. The final design is analyzed in dynamic simulations, AGMA stress, predicted FFT spectrums, and shifting rod buckling. A number of complicated parts are manufactured through investment casting and direct CNC machining. Issues in the final assembly have prevented the project from being fully realized, recommendations are made for future SAE Baja teams.


Laser Based Rapid Manufacturing Of Metallic Gas Diffusion Layers For Pem Fuel Cells, Gargi Tandra, Todd E. Sparks, Shyam Barua, Nikhil P. Kulkarni, Frank W. Liou 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Laser Based Rapid Manufacturing Of Metallic Gas Diffusion Layers For Pem Fuel Cells, Gargi Tandra, Todd E. Sparks, Shyam Barua, Nikhil P. Kulkarni, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Gas Diffusion layers (GDL’s) are an essential component of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel cells (PEMFC’s) which aid in thermal & electrical conductivities, water management and act as backup layers for the membrane electrode assemblies. This paper summarizes the effort to prototype metallic GDL designs using a miniature laser deposition system developed at Missouri University of Science & Technology. The pore sizes are controlled by masking the diverging laser beam using stainless steel masks of varying sizes and shapes. The through pore feature and further treatment of the GDL’s for hydrophobicity reduces the water management issue and thereby increases the ...


Computer Aided Contour Profiling Of High Strength Deposits, Sriram Praneeth Isanaka, Amar Bala Sridhar, Frank W. Liou, Joseph William Newkirk 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Computer Aided Contour Profiling Of High Strength Deposits, Sriram Praneeth Isanaka, Amar Bala Sridhar, Frank W. Liou, Joseph William Newkirk

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Additive manufacturing processes suffer from the effect of ripples, edge rounding and surface variations. To reduce their effect, ideal process parameters for the laser deposition process were investigated. Also, a new method was identified to analyze deposits by accurately plotting their contours. This was achieved through point cloud data of the deposits generated using coordinate measurement and 3D scanning. Curve fitting was performed on the data in Matlab to generate the contours of the deposit. The intercept values, heights, and contact angle of the curves give an indication of the uniformity of deposits and aid in reducing defects.


Optimization Of Selective Laser Sintering Process For Fabrication Of Zirconium Diboride Parts, Ming-Chuan Leu, Shashwatashish Pattnaik, Greg Hilmas 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Optimization Of Selective Laser Sintering Process For Fabrication Of Zirconium Diboride Parts, Ming-Chuan Leu, Shashwatashish Pattnaik, Greg Hilmas

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) was investigated to fabricate Zirconium Diboride (ZrB2) parts for ultra-high temperature applications. Experiments were conducted to determine values of SLS process parameters (laser power, scan speed, line spacing, and layer thickness) that can be used to build ZrB2 parts with high integrity and sharp geometrical features. A sacrificial plate with a proper number of layers (determined from experimentation) separated from the main part was built in order to reduce thermal gradients when building the main part. The sacrificial plate was found to assist in eliminating cracks in the bottom of the main part. The ...


Selective Laser Sintering Of 13-93 Bioactive Glass, Krishna C. R. Kolan, Ming-Chuan Leu, Greg Hilmas, Mariano Garcia Velez 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Selective Laser Sintering Of 13-93 Bioactive Glass, Krishna C. R. Kolan, Ming-Chuan Leu, Greg Hilmas, Mariano Garcia Velez

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Bioactive glasses are more promising than biopolymers in fabricating scaffolds for bone tissue repair because they convert to hydroxyapatite, when implanted in vivo. Both direct and indirect selective laser sintering (SLS) methods of 13-93 bioactive glass were considered in this research to study the feasibility of fabricating scaffolds for bone repair applications. Stearic acid was used as the binder in the indirect method to fabricate the scaffolds. The green scaffolds underwent binder burnout and sintering at various soaking conditions between 675⁰C and 700⁰C, achieving a maximum compressive strength of 23.6 MPa, which is higher than that of the human ...


Effect Of Different Graphite Materials On Electrical Conductivity And Flexural Strength Of Bipolar Plates Fabricated By Selective Laser Sintering, Nannan Guo, Ming-Chuan Leu 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Effect Of Different Graphite Materials On Electrical Conductivity And Flexural Strength Of Bipolar Plates Fabricated By Selective Laser Sintering, Nannan Guo, Ming-Chuan Leu

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Graphite is an excellent material for bipolar plates used in Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell due to its great chemical resistance, but the brittle nature makes it difficult to manufacture. Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) based on layer-by-layer manufacturing technology can fabricate graphite bipolar plates with complex gas flow channels. To improve the performance of bipolar plates including electrical conductivity and flexural strength, different graphite materials (natural graphite, synthetic graphite, carbon black, and carbon fiber) were investigated to fabricate test samples. These samples then went through post processing including carbonization and infiltration. The results show that bipolar plates with electrical ...


Selective Laser Sintering And Freeze Extrusion Fabrication Of Scaffolds For Bone Repair Using 13-93 Bioactive Glass: A Comparison, Krishna C. R. Kolan, Nikhil P. Doiphode, Ming-Chuan Leu 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Selective Laser Sintering And Freeze Extrusion Fabrication Of Scaffolds For Bone Repair Using 13-93 Bioactive Glass: A Comparison, Krishna C. R. Kolan, Nikhil P. Doiphode, Ming-Chuan Leu

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

13-93 glass is a third-generation bioactive material which accelerates the bone’s natural ability to heal by itself through bonding with surrounding tissues. It is an important requirement for synthetic scaffolds to maintain their bioactivity and mechanical strength with a porous internal architecture comparable to that of a human bone. Additive manufacturing technologies provide a better control over design and fabrication of porous structures than conventional methods. In this paper, we discuss and compare some of the common aspects in the scaffold fabrication using two such processes, viz. selective laser sintering (SLS) and freeze extrusion fabrication (FEF). Scaffolds fabricated using ...


Development Of A Low Cost Imaging System For A Laser Metal Deposition Process, Shyam Barua, Todd E. Sparks, Frank W. Liou 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Development Of A Low Cost Imaging System For A Laser Metal Deposition Process, Shyam Barua, Todd E. Sparks, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The size of the melt pool created by the laser is one of the most important quality characteristic in a laser metal deposition process. This paper discusses the development of a low-cost vision system to automatically determine the size of the melt pool for in-process control. To cope with the intense infrared signal from the laser and melt pool, external ultraviolet illumination is paired with narrow bandpass filters on a usb microscope to achieve a clear image of the melt pool. The sensitivity of the melt pool to changes in system parameters and various substrate materials are also evaluated.


Multi-Axis Planning System (Maps) For Hybrid Laser Metal Deposition Processes, Frank W. Liou, Jianzhong Ruan, Todd E. Sparks 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Multi-Axis Planning System (Maps) For Hybrid Laser Metal Deposition Processes, Frank W. Liou, Jianzhong Ruan, Todd E. Sparks

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper summarizes the research and development of a Multi-Axis Planning System (MAPS) for hybrid laser metal deposition processes. The project goal is to enable the current direct metal deposition systems to fully control and utilize multi-axis capability to make complex parts. MAPS allows fully automated process planning for multi-axis layered manufacturing to control direct metal deposition machines for automated fabrication. Such a capability will lead to dramatic reductions in lead time and manufacturing costs for high-value, low-volume components with high performance material. The overall approach, slicing algorithm, machine simulation for planning validation, and the planning results will be presented.


Mea Manufacturing Using An Additive Manufacturing Process To Deposit A Catalyst Pattern In An Mea And Its Impact On Cost Reduction, Nikhil P. Kulkarni, Todd E. Sparks, Gargi Tandra, Frank W. Liou 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Mea Manufacturing Using An Additive Manufacturing Process To Deposit A Catalyst Pattern In An Mea And Its Impact On Cost Reduction, Nikhil P. Kulkarni, Todd E. Sparks, Gargi Tandra, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The manufacturing of a fuel cell Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) is a significant cost driver in polymer-electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell technologies, primarily due to the inclusion of expensive materials in the catalyst layer. The selective deposition of a catalyst on the MEA of a fuel cell can drastically reduce the costs depending upon the catalyst, method used for deposition, and production volume. In this paper, testing and analysis of a novel catalyst iridium oxide is discussed. The performance of the catalyst will be compared with the conventional catalysts which will give us an estimate of its effectiveness however, in ...


Uncertainty Analysis In Laser Deposition Finish Machining Operations, Jomy Francis, Todd E. Sparks, Frank W. Liou 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Uncertainty Analysis In Laser Deposition Finish Machining Operations, Jomy Francis, Todd E. Sparks, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The Laser Aided Manufacturing Process (LAMP) from Missouri S&T is a laser based metals rapid manufacturing process that uses machining to improve the final part's surface finish. When free-form machining, the absence of enough deposited material results in inconsistent scallop heights which result in poor surface finish or incorrect geometry in the final part. This paper investigates a probabilistic approach to various uncertainties involved in the deposition and subsequent machining of an arbitrary part. Furthermore, this paper analyses the machine errors which makes the response of Scallop Height to exceed the predefined maximum scallop height when traveling along ...


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