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Modeling And Tuning Of Cvt Systems For Sae® Baja Vehicles, Sean Sebastian Skinner 2020 West Virginia University

Modeling And Tuning Of Cvt Systems For Sae® Baja Vehicles, Sean Sebastian Skinner

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Continuously variable transmission (CVT) describes a family of transmission styles. These systems serve the same purpose as their traditional counterparts; transmitting power while offering a variable gearing ratio. The difference lies in the CVT’s ability to change ratio continuously between a minimum and maximum without halting power transfer. They offer many benefits of an automatic transmission while being significantly lighter. For this reason, CVTs are often used on Baja SAE® vehicles to control gearing ratio.

WVU’s Baja team has used mechanical CVTs for many decades. These systems are simpler in the sense that they don’t require power ...


Peridynamic Approaches For Damage Prediction In Carbon Fiber And Carbon Nanotube Yarn Reinforced Polymer Composites, Forrest E. Baber 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Peridynamic Approaches For Damage Prediction In Carbon Fiber And Carbon Nanotube Yarn Reinforced Polymer Composites, Forrest E. Baber

Theses and Dissertations

Aerospace structures are increasingly utilizing advanced composites because of their high specific modulus and specific strength. While the introduction of these material systems can dramatically decrease weight, they pose unique certification challenges, often requiring extensive experimental testing in each stage of the design cycle. The expensive and time-consuming nature of experimental testing necessitates the advancement of simulation methodologies to both aid in the certification process and assist in the exploration of the microstructure design space.

Peridynamic (PD) theory, originating from Sandia National Lab’s in the early 2000’s, is a nonlocal continuum-based method that reformulates the equation of motion ...


Human Powered Vehicle Internal Systems Design, Zachary Broadbent, Jordan Boos, Patrick Gaertner, Caleb Miner 2020 The University of Akron

Human Powered Vehicle Internal Systems Design, Zachary Broadbent, Jordan Boos, Patrick Gaertner, Caleb Miner

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The objective of this design project is to redesign the seat and steering system for the Human Powered Vehicle Team. The goal of the seat design is too improve ergonomics by making it more comfortable and adjustable. In making the seat adjustable, it will be easier for drivers to achieve an optimal efficiency when pedaling. The aim for steering will be to improve the ergonomics as well as performance by analyzing steering systems in the past and evaluating how each design was successful and for what reason. Another main goal of the steering system will be improving the stability and ...


Hilti Circular Saw Redesign 2020, Lucas Whitmer 2020 The University of Akron

Hilti Circular Saw Redesign 2020, Lucas Whitmer

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The M.K. Morse company currently produces a 6 1/2 inch circular saw blade for the power tool company Hilti. The design has many areas for improvement and can be made at a reduced cost. Our group plans to use our knowledge that we have gained in our academic careers and the knowledge we gained on co-op to improve the life and reduce the overall cost of production of this blade. We plan to use Thirdwave Finite Element Analysis Cutting Software to test different tip geometries and a design of experiments to test the blade in the various construction ...


Tabletop Mechanical Tester, Jamie Dombroski, Andrew Shirk, Richard Leffler, Brian English 2020 The University of Akron

Tabletop Mechanical Tester, Jamie Dombroski, Andrew Shirk, Richard Leffler, Brian English

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The need for hands-on and face-to-face experiences in the engineering classroom is very great. The equations, principles, and concepts can all be learned, but without the visual and tactile application, these don’t always sink in or become concrete. A small-scale tensile test machine was designed, sourced, manufactured, and tested for the purpose of being applied in classroom settings to provide this experience to engineering students. Extensive research was performed concerning tensile machines on the market, the essential elements of which are the load cell, grips, crosshead, extensometer, motor, and frame. The raw materials for the frame were purchased and ...


Modeling Thin Fluid Film On A Rotary Bell, Mark Doerre 2020 University of Kentucky

Modeling Thin Fluid Film On A Rotary Bell, Mark Doerre

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

A component of the mission in the Institute of Research for Technology Development at the University of Kentucky is advancing research and development and bringing it to the factory floor for continuous improvement. This dissertation delves into the art and science of rotational fluid mechanics in the context of rotary bell atomizers. One outcome proves that an approximation for calculating fluid film thicknesses on high-speed spinning surfaces inferred while working in cylindrical and spherical coordinate systems can be applied to an arbitrary bell profile. However, the analytical limits of this approximation were not investigated. In all cases, a restriction exists ...


Very High Cycle Fatigue Behavior Of Laser Beam-Powder Bed Fused Inconel 718 Considering The Layer Orientation And Surface Finish Effects, Palmer Frye 2020 University of North Florida

Very High Cycle Fatigue Behavior Of Laser Beam-Powder Bed Fused Inconel 718 Considering The Layer Orientation And Surface Finish Effects, Palmer Frye

UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Additive Manufacturing (AM) techniques have recently gained popularity for fabrication of parts used in aerospace applications. Some of these parts may be subjected to cyclic loading at very high frequencies, leading to service life requirements exceeding ten-million cycles (>107 cycles). Therefore, understanding the very high-cycle fatigue (VHCF) behavior of these AM parts is an important step in their design and qualification processes. In this thesis, both high-cycle fatigue (HCF) and VHCF behaviors of Inconel 718, a Ni-base superalloy, manufactured via a Laser Beam-Powder Bed Fusion (LB-PBF) process, are investigated. Uniaxial, fully reversed force-controlled fatigue tests were conducted utilizing a ...


Multiscale Modeling Of Carbon Fibers/Graphene Nanoplatelets/Epoxy Hybrid Composites For Aerospace Applications, Hashim Al Mahmud 2020 Michigan Technological University

Multiscale Modeling Of Carbon Fibers/Graphene Nanoplatelets/Epoxy Hybrid Composites For Aerospace Applications, Hashim Al Mahmud

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Significant research effort has been dedicated for decades to improve the mechanical properties of aerospace polymer-based composite materials. Lightweight epoxy-based composite materials have increasingly replaced the comparatively heavy and expensive metal alloys used in aeronautical and aerospace structural components. In particular, carbon fibers (CF)/graphene nanoplatelets (GNP)/epoxy hybrid composites can be used for this purpose owing to their high specific stiffness and strength. Therefore, this work has been completed to design, predict, and optimize the effective mechanical properties of CF/GNP/epoxy composite materials at different length scales using a multiscale modeling approach. The work-flow of modeling involves a ...


Dynamic Loading Experimentation And Surface Imaging Of Pressure Vessel Loadcell Fractures, Austin T. Sumner 2020 Georgia Southern University

Dynamic Loading Experimentation And Surface Imaging Of Pressure Vessel Loadcell Fractures, Austin T. Sumner

Honors College Theses

Pressure vessels are very common pieces of equipment in industry and they are used for a variety of applications. It is standard in industry to rest pressure vessels on load cells. For some special cases, the pressure vessels are rested on load cells instead of solid foundation. Pressure vessels and their loadcells are generally designed for static environmental conditions and loading and tend to experience adverse effects when exposed to dynamic environments, such as hurricanes and earthquakes. These adverse-loading conditions cause vibrations and asymmetrical loading on the load cells, which can concurrently cause unexpected failure. This research investigates the effects ...


Increasing Access To Pv Technology Through Sustainable Racking: A Review Of Existing Literature And Ground Mounted Fixed Tilt Designs, And What Can Be Done Next, Parijata Prabhakara 2020 Michigan Technological University

Increasing Access To Pv Technology Through Sustainable Racking: A Review Of Existing Literature And Ground Mounted Fixed Tilt Designs, And What Can Be Done Next, Parijata Prabhakara

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

There is a lack of literature on the structural balance of systems (BOS), also called racking, for ground mount, fixed-tilt solar PV systems. Literature that exists discusses mostly rooftop racking and installations, additional wind loading, and weight considerations imposed on roofs, and little guidance is provided in building codes. The lack of peer-reviewed guidance on design requirements for domestic and large-scale application solar PV racking systems leaves most consumers relying on expensive, patented, off-the-shelf hardware. As PV cell technology and module costs have improved, we can start to focus on PV BOS improvements (particularly racking) and move towards sustainable designs ...


Zips Electric Racing Suspension Design, Madison Hughes, Christopher Thompson, Erikah Jackson, Anna Signorino 2020 The University of Akron

Zips Electric Racing Suspension Design, Madison Hughes, Christopher Thompson, Erikah Jackson, Anna Signorino

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

I am working with three others on the suspension and steering sybsystems for the Zips Electric Racing design team at The University of Akron. We are improving upon last year's design to help create an optimized vehicle. As part of this project, we take part in weekly design reviews and team meetings, model parts in Solidworks, and perform simulations and FEA using MATLAB/SIMULINK, Solidworks, and Optimum Kinematics.


Automated Runout Measurement Tool, Ethan Tisch 2020 The University of Akron

Automated Runout Measurement Tool, Ethan Tisch

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

A new measurement process and tool is to be developed to improve the existing method for measuring runout on the commutators of brushed DC product.

After an armature is manufactured, the commutator is inspected by placing the completed rotor assembly in one of several non-standard measurement fixtures. An indicator is then positioned on the commutator. A trained operator proceeds to rotate the armature while taking runout and bar-to-bar measurement at various positions along the length of the commutator.

This existing process is slow, costly, and unreliable. For these reasons, there is substantial economic pressure to develop a superior method for ...


A State Estimation Framework For Fatigue Monitoring And Prognosis Of Minimally Instrumented Structural And Biomechanical Systems, Benjamin LeBlanc 2020 University of Vermont

A State Estimation Framework For Fatigue Monitoring And Prognosis Of Minimally Instrumented Structural And Biomechanical Systems, Benjamin Leblanc

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Fatigue damage is the continuous degradation of a material, primarily due to the formation of microcracks and resulting from the repeated application of stress cycles. Traditionally a fatigue analysis was performed during the structural design stage of a machine or structure; however, more recently there has been increased interest in the monitoring and prognosis of fatigue damage in existing and operating structures. In monitoring, the structure already exists and its mechanical properties can be estimated by processing sensor measurements and non-destructive testing. The traditional approach to fatigue monitoring is to carry out a visual inspection, find macroscopic cracks and then ...


Knee Articular Cartilage Material Properties Estimation Through Fea, Eduardo Enrique Valdez 2020 University of Vermont

Knee Articular Cartilage Material Properties Estimation Through Fea, Eduardo Enrique Valdez

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating disease that leads to disability and loss of quality of life. Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is a version of OA that develops after acute injury to the knee. PTOA is of particular interest because the disease can manifest earlier in life compared to primary OA. Several studies have shown that changes in the mechanical properties of soft tissues in the knee (articulating cartilage and menisci) are associated with worsening OA grades. Changes to the tissue mechanical properties must be considered to generate realistic computational models of individuals who have suffered traumatic injuries to the knee. Therefore ...


A Fully-Coupled Framework For Solving Cahn-Hilliard Navier-Stokes Equations: Second-Order, Energy-Stable Numerical Methods On Adaptive Octree Based Meshes, Makrand A. Khanwale, Kumar Saurabh, Milinda Fernando, Victor M. Calo, James A. Rossmanith, Hari Sundar, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian 2020 Iowa State University

A Fully-Coupled Framework For Solving Cahn-Hilliard Navier-Stokes Equations: Second-Order, Energy-Stable Numerical Methods On Adaptive Octree Based Meshes, Makrand A. Khanwale, Kumar Saurabh, Milinda Fernando, Victor M. Calo, James A. Rossmanith, Hari Sundar, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Mechanical Engineering Publications

We present a fully-coupled, implicit-in-time framework for solving a thermodynamically-consistent Cahn-Hilliard Navier-Stokes system that models two-phase flows. In this work, we extend the block iterative method presented in Khanwale et al. [{\it Simulating two-phase flows with thermodynamically consistent energy stable Cahn-Hilliard Navier-Stokes equations on parallel adaptive octree based meshes}, J. Comput. Phys. (2020)], to a fully-coupled, provably second-order accurate scheme in time, while maintaining energy-stability. The new method requires fewer matrix assemblies in each Newton iteration resulting in faster solution time. The method is based on a fully-implicit Crank-Nicolson scheme in time and a pressure stabilization for an equal order ...


Quantitative Peel Test For Thin Films/Layers Based On A Coupled Parametric And Statistical Study, Maysam Rezaee, Li Chih Tsai, Muhammad Istiaque Haider, Armin Yazdi, Ehsan Sanatizadeh, Nathan P. Salowitz 2019 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Quantitative Peel Test For Thin Films/Layers Based On A Coupled Parametric And Statistical Study, Maysam Rezaee, Li Chih Tsai, Muhammad Istiaque Haider, Armin Yazdi, Ehsan Sanatizadeh, Nathan P. Salowitz

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Articles

The adhesion strength of thin films is critical to the durability of micro and nanofabricated devices. However, current testing methods are imprecise and do not produce quantitative results necessary for design specifications. The most common testing methods involve the manual application and removal of unspecified tape. This overcome many of the challenges of connecting to thin films to test their adhesion properties but different tapes, variation in manual application, and poorly controlled removal of tape can result in wide variation in resultant forces. Furthermore, the most common tests result in a qualitative ranking of film survival, not a measurement with ...


Failure Of High Strength Concrete Under Dynamic Uniaxial Compression, Colin Loeffler 2019 Southern Methodist University

Failure Of High Strength Concrete Under Dynamic Uniaxial Compression, Colin Loeffler

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

The failure strength of concrete materials has been widely shown to be dependent on experimental parameters such as specimen geometry and strain-rate. The effects of specimen geometry have been shown both theoretically and experimentally to be a result of the quasi-brittle nature of concrete. While the failure strength of concrete has been widely reported to increase significantly when deformed at high strain-rates, the physical mechanisms driving this phenomenon remain the source of debate amongst researchers. This means that constitutive models designed to predict this rate dependent behavior are not based on the real physical mechanisms that drive this behavior but ...


An Immersogeometric Formulation For Free-Surface Flows With Application To Marine Engineering Problems, Qiming Zhu, Fei Xu, Songzhe Xu, Ming-Chen Hsu, Jinhui Yan 2019 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

An Immersogeometric Formulation For Free-Surface Flows With Application To Marine Engineering Problems, Qiming Zhu, Fei Xu, Songzhe Xu, Ming-Chen Hsu, Jinhui Yan

Mechanical Engineering Publications

An immersogeometric formulation is proposed to simulate free-surface flows around structures with complex geometry. The fluid–fluid interface (air–water interface) is handled by the level set method, while the fluid–structure interface is handled through an immersogeometric approach by immersing structures into non-boundary-fitted meshes and enforcing Dirichlet boundary conditions weakly. Residual-based variational multiscale method (RBVMS) is employed to stabilize the coupled Navier–Stokes equations of incompressible flows and level set convection equation. Other level set techniques, including re-distancing and mass balancing, are also incorporated into the immersed formulation. Adaptive quadrature rule is used to better capture the geometry of ...


Design And Kinematic Analysis Of A Semi-Compliant Swashplate Mechanism, Niko Giannakakos 2019 Kennesaw State University

Design And Kinematic Analysis Of A Semi-Compliant Swashplate Mechanism, Niko Giannakakos

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Compliant mechanisms generate motion through the deformation or deflection of its flexible members rather than the revolute joints utilized in traditional rigid link mechanisms. If a compliant mechanism is designed as a single piece without the need of joints to create relative motion, then it is a monolithic system. If at least one part of the mechanism is flexible and assembled with rigid parts and joints, then it is a partially compliant mechanism. The superiorities of compliant mechanisms over rigid mechanisms are the reduced number of parts required to build the system, simple design, no backlash, no lubrication, less friction ...


#49 - Optimization Redesign Of Cargo Ship Hopper, Carson Wiles, Rafael Escamilla, Max James Ryan, Juan Bautista 2019 Kennesaw State University

#49 - Optimization Redesign Of Cargo Ship Hopper, Carson Wiles, Rafael Escamilla, Max James Ryan, Juan Bautista

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

There are current designs of hoppers that are sitting on the port where cargo ships enter. The ships have large crane buckets that move material from the ship to dump trucks by means of funnel. The top portion of this funnel is a hopper that calls for a redesign. Some main dilemmas with the hopper are that it is easily damaged by the crane bucket, gives off a lot of dust debris, and is difficult to mobilize. Our project redesign looks to add a stronger support hopper that is resistant to damage and a dust ventilation system that reduces dust ...


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