Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Metallurgy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,729 Full-Text Articles 4,430 Authors 768,961 Downloads 56 Institutions

All Articles in Metallurgy

Faceted Search

2,729 full-text articles. Page 7 of 52.

Erosion Resistance Of Tungsten-Carbide Coatings For Steel Pipes In Fluid Catalytic Cracking Units, Davis Vannasing, Jennifer Hulfachor 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Erosion Resistance Of Tungsten-Carbide Coatings For Steel Pipes In Fluid Catalytic Cracking Units, Davis Vannasing, Jennifer Hulfachor

Materials Engineering

In petroleum processing, the flow of catalyst readily leads to erosion of piping in a fluid catalytic cracking unit. Advances in coating materials and processes necessitate a re-evaluation of current protection methods. Commercially available tungsten-carbide (WC) claddings and nanostructured WC-W CVD coatings were investigated as potential alternative erosion-resistant coatings. Erosion tests by solid particle impingement were conducted on 2 variations of claddings and 1 variation of WC-W coatings following ASTM standard G76. A36 steel coupons were used as reference samples. For statistical validation, 2-3 replications of the tests were performed for the claddings and WC-W coating. Testing was conducted using ...


Effect Of Overaging On Tensile Properties Of 2219-T852 Aluminum, Austin Bitter, Tristan Koyamatsu 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Effect Of Overaging On Tensile Properties Of 2219-T852 Aluminum, Austin Bitter, Tristan Koyamatsu

Materials Engineering

This project investigated the overaging performance of aluminum alloy 2219-T852 for use in high temperature applications. 2219 aluminum is an alloy containing 5.8 to 6.8 percent copper, and is classified as a high strength age hardenable alloy. The sponsor for this project, Weber Metals, hopes to use 2219 Al to replace titanium in certain applications above the thermal limits of typical high strength Al. To test its performance, they manufactured round tensile samples and delivered them in peak aged, T852 condition. These samples were then overaged at a range of times and temperatures. The times in this experiment ...


Rotating Beam Fatigue Of Forged 2219-T852 Aluminum Alloy, Julio Escamilla, Madison Reed 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Rotating Beam Fatigue Of Forged 2219-T852 Aluminum Alloy, Julio Escamilla, Madison Reed

Materials Engineering

2219 aluminum has been used extensively in aerospace applications due to its ability to retain strength in large section thicknesses, thus making it ideal for large forgings. However, the Metallic Materials Properties Development and Standardization (MMPDS) handbook, a source of design data for aerospace industry applications, lacks information on 2219 in the T852 condition, particularly concerning the behavior of the alloy under cyclic loading conditions. Data was collected for forgings of 2219-T852 aluminum as produced by Weber Metals to determine the fatigue life of the alloy-temper combination and to assess the effects of forge thickness and orientation on fatigue life ...


Microstructural Transformation Of Cold-Sprayed Grcop-42 For Rocket Engine Combustion Chamber Liners, Mason Souther 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Microstructural Transformation Of Cold-Sprayed Grcop-42 For Rocket Engine Combustion Chamber Liners, Mason Souther

Materials Engineering

Rocket engines have always relied on high-conductivity copper liners to protect structural components from extreme thermal loads produced by combustion. Forged NARloy-Z has been the material of choice for decades but increasing cost of its constituent silver and high waste in the machining process has reduced the alloy’s cost effectiveness. Aerojet Rocketdyne wants to determine the viability of cold-spray additively manufactured GRCop-42 as a replacement alloy to reduce liner cost. Screening tests were performed to observe the microstructural development and microhardness changes of cold-sprayed GRCop-42 after being subjected to multiple stages of the typical heat treatment of a combustion ...


Modifying Casting Parameters To Improve The High Temperature Ductility Of Investment Cast Nickel-Based Superalloy Pwa 1455, Lars Alexander Hedin, Cole Magnum Introligator 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Modifying Casting Parameters To Improve The High Temperature Ductility Of Investment Cast Nickel-Based Superalloy Pwa 1455, Lars Alexander Hedin, Cole Magnum Introligator

Materials Engineering

PCC Structurals, an industry leader in superalloy investment castings, has observed inconsistencies in the stress rupture performance of polycrystalline nickel-based superalloy PWA 1455. PCC has changed their casting parameters to reduce the thermal gradient during cooling but have been unable to correlate these changes with an increase in stress rupture elongation. Metallographic examination of past samples indicated microstructures composed of non- equiaxed dendritic grains with mean diameter of .021 inches along the test axis. A similar study on polycrystalline superalloys has indicated that excessive superheat temperatures above the liquidus can result in large grains identical to those observed, limiting the ...


Investigation Of Nondestructive Testing Methods For Friction Stir Welding, Hossein Taheri, Margaret Kilpatrick, Matthew Norvalls, Warren Harper, Lucas Koester, Timothy Bigelow, Leonard J. Bond 2019 Georgia Southern University

Investigation Of Nondestructive Testing Methods For Friction Stir Welding, Hossein Taheri, Margaret Kilpatrick, Matthew Norvalls, Warren Harper, Lucas Koester, Timothy Bigelow, Leonard J. Bond

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Friction stir welding is a method of materials processing that enables the joining of similar and dissimilar materials. The process, as originally designed by The Welding Institute (TWI), provides a unique approach to manufacturing—where materials can be joined in many designs and still retain mechanical properties that are similar to, or greater than, other forms of welding. This process is not free of defects that can alter, limit, and occasionally render the resulting weld unusable. Most common amongst these defects are kissing bonds, wormholes and cracks that are often hidden from visual inspection. To identify these defects, various nondestructive ...


Coinage Metal–Sulfur Complexes: Stability On Metal(111) Surfaces And In The Gas Phase, Jiyoung Lee, Theresa L. Windus, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans, Da-Jiang Liu 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Coinage Metal–Sulfur Complexes: Stability On Metal(111) Surfaces And In The Gas Phase, Jiyoung Lee, Theresa L. Windus, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans, Da-Jiang Liu

Chemistry Publications

We provide a comprehensive theoretical assessment at the level of density functional theory (DFT) of the stability of various coinage metal–sulfur complexes, both in the gas phase and also for the complexes adsorbed on the (111) surface of the same coinage metal. Our primary interest lies in the latter where earlier scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) experiments were interpreted to suggest the existence of adsorbed S-decorated metal trimers, sometimes as a component of more complex adlayer structures. Recent STM studies at 5 K directly observed other isolated adsorbed metal–sulfur complexes. For these adsorbed species, we calculate various aspects of ...


Magnetocaloric Properties Of Cluster Glass Compound Pr2ni0.95si2.95, Santanu Pakhira, Chandan Mazumdar, R. Ranganathan 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Magnetocaloric Properties Of Cluster Glass Compound Pr2ni0.95si2.95, Santanu Pakhira, Chandan Mazumdar, R. Ranganathan

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

No abstract provided.


A Study On Ultrasonic Energy Assisted Metal Processing : Its Correeltion With Microstructure And Properties, And Its Application To Additive Manufacturing., Anagh Deshpande 2019 University of Louisville

A Study On Ultrasonic Energy Assisted Metal Processing : Its Correeltion With Microstructure And Properties, And Its Application To Additive Manufacturing., Anagh Deshpande

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Additive manufacturing or 3d printing is the process of constructing a 3-dimensional object layer-by-layer. This additive approach to manufacturing has enabled fabrication of complex components directly from a computer model (or a CAD model). The process has now matured from its earlier version of being a rapid prototyping tool to a technology that can fabricate service-ready components. Development of low-cost polymer additive manufacturing printers enabled by open source Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) printers and printers of other technologies like SLA and binder jetting has made polymer additive manufacturing accessible and affordable. But the metal additive manufacturing technologies are still expensive ...


Mechanical Properties Of Heusler Alloys, Wesley Everhart, Joseph William Newkirk 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Mechanical Properties Of Heusler Alloys, Wesley Everhart, Joseph William Newkirk

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Heusler alloys have been a significant topic of research due to their unique electronic structure, which exhibits half-metallicity, and a wide variety of properties such as magneto-calorics, thermoelectrics, and magnetic shape memory effects. As the maturity of these materials grows and commercial applications become more near-term, the mechanical properties of these materials become an important factor to both their processing as well as their final use. Very few studies have experimentally investigated mechanical properties, but those that exist are reviewed within the context of their magnetic performance and application space with specific focus on elastic properties, hardness and strength, and ...


The Influence Of Heat Treatment On Corrosion Behavior Of Martensitic Stainless Steel Uns 42670, Armen Kvryan 2019 Boise State University

The Influence Of Heat Treatment On Corrosion Behavior Of Martensitic Stainless Steel Uns 42670, Armen Kvryan

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Ceaseless demand for lighter, faster, and more efficient aircraft has been one of the greatest driving forces behind bearing steel innovations. Recent studies demonstrate that corrosion is one of the leading causes of bearing failure in both military and commercial aircraft. High-performing bearing steels are available but are not being used in US military applications due to high cost and security issues when steels are produced outside of the continental United States. One approach to address this issue is to engineer steels that are cost-efficient and heat treated for corrosion resistance, long wear life, etc.

This dissertation presents information on ...


Iron-Containing Nanoparticles For The Treatment Of Chrionic Biofilm Infections In Cystic Fibrosis, Leisha M. A. Martin 2019 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Iron-Containing Nanoparticles For The Treatment Of Chrionic Biofilm Infections In Cystic Fibrosis, Leisha M. A. Martin

Nanoscience and Microsystems ETDs

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common genetic disease resulting in the morbidity and mortality of Caucasian children and adults worldwide. Due to a genetic mutation resulting in malfunction of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) protein, CF patients produce highly viscous mucus in their respiratory tract. This leads to impairment of the mucociliary clearance of inhaled microbes. In addition to reduced microbial clearance, anoxic environmental conditions in the lungs promote biofilm-mode growth of the pathogenic bacterial species Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Chronic infections of P. aeruginosa begin in early childhood and typically persist until respiratory failure and death result. The ...


Magnetic And Magnetocaloric Properties Of (Gd1-Xyx)(2)Nisi3 Compounds (X=0.25, 0.5, 0.75), Santanu Pakhira, Chandan Mazumdar, R. Ranganathan 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Magnetic And Magnetocaloric Properties Of (Gd1-Xyx)(2)Nisi3 Compounds (X=0.25, 0.5, 0.75), Santanu Pakhira, Chandan Mazumdar, R. Ranganathan

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

In this work, we report the magnetic dilution effect on the magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of (Gd1-xYx)(2)NiSi3 (x = 0.25, 0.5, 0.75) compounds by partial substitution of Y ions in Gd2NiSi3. The X-ray diffraction studies indicate all theses compounds form in AlB2 type hexagonal crystal structure. The dc magnetic measurements reveal the compounds undergo antiferromagnetic like phase transition below 11.5, 7.2, and 3.1 K for x = 0.25, 0.5 and 0.75 compositions, respectively. The magnetic ground state of the compounds becoming increasingly fragile with the increase in Y concentration, and results ...


Study Of Zno Nanospheres Fabricated Via Thermal Evaporation For Solar Cell Application, Fatin Farisha Alia Azmi, Bouchta Sahraoui, Saifful Kamaluddin Muzakir 2019 Material Technology Programme, Faculty of Industrial Sciences & Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, Gambang 26300, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Study Of Zno Nanospheres Fabricated Via Thermal Evaporation For Solar Cell Application, Fatin Farisha Alia Azmi, Bouchta Sahraoui, Saifful Kamaluddin Muzakir

Makara Journal of Technology

A solar cell is a device that absorbs light energy to generate electrical energy. A typical example of a solar cell is the quantum dot solar cell (QDSC), which consists of three main components: (i) fluorophore: the component that absorbs light and generates excited state electrons and holes, (ii) photoelectrode: the component that transports the excited state electron and prevents recombination of excited state electrons and holes, and (iii) electrolyte: the component that re-plenishes the vacancy left by the excited electron in the hole. Despite the increasing number of research in the QDSC field, to date, a device with significant ...


Sorption-Based Energy Storage Systems: A Review, Kyaw Thu, Nasruddin Nasruddin, Sourav Mitra, Bidyut Baran Saha 2019 Department of Advanced Environmental Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, 6-1, Kasuga-koen, Kasuga-shi, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan

Sorption-Based Energy Storage Systems: A Review, Kyaw Thu, Nasruddin Nasruddin, Sourav Mitra, Bidyut Baran Saha

Makara Journal of Technology

Mismatched timing between the supply and demand of energy calls for reliable storage systems. Energy storage systems have become further significant with the widespread implementation of renewable energy. These systems can mitigate problems that are often associated with renewable energy sources such as supply unreliability while meeting the de-mand during peak hours. Energy can be stored in various forms, yet storage systems can be generally grouped based on their output forms, namely (i) electricity and (ii) heat or thermal energy. Electrical energy is the most convenient and effective form since it can power almost all modern devices. However, the electricity ...


Molecularly Conductive Behavior Of Blended Polymer Electrolyte-Based Cmc/Pva, Noor Saadiah Mohd Ali, Dishen Zhang, Yuki Nagao, Ahmad Salihin Samsudin 2019 Department of Chemistry, Center for Foundation Studies, International Islamic University Malaysia, 26300 Gambang, Pahang

Molecularly Conductive Behavior Of Blended Polymer Electrolyte-Based Cmc/Pva, Noor Saadiah Mohd Ali, Dishen Zhang, Yuki Nagao, Ahmad Salihin Samsudin

Makara Journal of Technology

This study investigated the electrical conduction and structural behavior of blended polymer electrolyte (BPE)-based carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) in the development of solid-state electrochemical devices. Based on impedance spectroscopy and correlating Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) with thermogravimetric analysis, a framework was proposed to explain the structural enhancement of the BPE system. As revealed by FTIR, the optimum conductivity of CMC/PVA BPEs was 9.21 × 10−6 Scm−1 for 80:20 composition attributed to the intermolecular attraction between the polymers. Thermal stability of the CMC/PVA was influenced by the formation of a hydrogen bond ...


Multistage Sonication Effect On The Composition And Properties Of Degraded Chitosan Product, Nurul Laili Arifin, Emma Savitri, Anjar Indah, Fesa Putra, Sumarno Sumarno 2019 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Batam, Batam 29461, Indonesia

Multistage Sonication Effect On The Composition And Properties Of Degraded Chitosan Product, Nurul Laili Arifin, Emma Savitri, Anjar Indah, Fesa Putra, Sumarno Sumarno

Makara Journal of Technology

The sonication method randomly breaks polymer chains to produce a varied distribution of products. A scheme with multi-stage sonication steps is proposed to identify oligomers and low molecular weight chitosan based on changes to the degrad-ed product. For each sonication level, 1% (w/v) chitosan in 1% (v/v) aqueous acetic acid was sonicated for 120 min at 60 °C. The products of the sonication treatment were deprotonized by adding an alkali solution, freeze dried and insoluble product re-sonicated until a low molecular weight was produced. Low molecular weight chitosan/insoluble products were character-ized with Fourier-transform infrared spectra (FT-IR) and ...


Data Fusion Method Based On Adaptive Kalman Filtering, Bernadus Herdi Sirenden 2019 Research Center of Metrology LIPI, Puspiptek Serpong, South Tangerang 15311, Banten

Data Fusion Method Based On Adaptive Kalman Filtering, Bernadus Herdi Sirenden

Makara Journal of Technology

This paper discusses data fusion methods to combine the data from a rotary encoder and ultrasonic sensor. Both sensors are used in a micro-flow calibration system developed by the Research Center of Metrology LIPI. The methods studied are hierarchical data fusion and Kalman filtering. Three types of Kalman filters (KFs) are compared: the conventional Kalman filter and two adaptive Kalman filters. Moreover, a method to combine the uncertainty results from KF in hierarchical data fusion is proposed. The aim of this study is to find appropriate methods of data fusion that can be implemented in micro-flow calibration systems. Data from ...


Electrical Properties Of A Novel Solid Biopolymer Electrolyte Based On Algi-Nate Incorporated With Citric Acid, Ahmad Faizrin Ahmad Fuzlin, Noor Syahida Ismail, Yuki Nagao, Ahmad Salihin Samsudin 2019 Ionic Materials Team, Faculty of Industrial Science & Technology, Universiti Malaysia, Pahang 26300, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Electrical Properties Of A Novel Solid Biopolymer Electrolyte Based On Algi-Nate Incorporated With Citric Acid, Ahmad Faizrin Ahmad Fuzlin, Noor Syahida Ismail, Yuki Nagao, Ahmad Salihin Samsudin

Makara Journal of Technology

In the present study, a novel solid biopolymer electrolyte (SBE) system is introduced by doping citric acid into alginate polymer. A sample of the alginate-citric acid SBE system was prepared via a solution casting technique. Using electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), the electrolytes of alginate-citric acid analyzed from 5 Hz to 1 MHz achieved the highest conductivity at 20 wt.% of 5.49 × 10-7 S cm-1. The temperature dependence of various citric acid amounts obeyed the Arrhenius rule with R2~1, where all SBE systems were thermally activated with increasing temperature. The dielectric studies of the alginate-citric acid SBE system showed ...


Wavelet Transform On Digital Rainbow Hologram Based On Spectral Compression For Quality Enhancement In 3d Display Media, Ucuk Darusalam, Panca Dewi Pamungkasari 2019 Department of Informatics Engineering, Faculty of Information & Communications Technology, Universitas Nasional, Jakarta Selatan 12520, Indonesia

Wavelet Transform On Digital Rainbow Hologram Based On Spectral Compression For Quality Enhancement In 3d Display Media, Ucuk Darusalam, Panca Dewi Pamungkasari

Makara Journal of Technology

A digital rainbow hologram (DRH) is a potential next-generation three-dimensional display media for the development of modern and smart electronics devices. It is one of the methods that can support the characteristic whereby a realistic display media occupies the space that the real object would have occupied. Since a rainbow hologram records a large amount of spatial or temporal frequency component from the object that represents the rainbow spectrum, a large amount of information needs to be decoded digitally. In this paper, to reconstruct a DRH, we propose a novel method based on the modulation of red, green, and blue ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress