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A Novel Method For Making Titanium Dioxide For Photocatalytic Applications, Gary Wilson 2020 Montana Tech

A Novel Method For Making Titanium Dioxide For Photocatalytic Applications, Gary Wilson

Graduate Theses & Non-Theses

Titanium dioxide possesses near-ideal properties for large-scale application as a photocatalyst. It is cheap and abundant, nontoxic, and environmentally safe. However, it still suffers from logistical problems preventing its application in industry: namely, rapid electron-hole recombination and inability to utilize visible light. For nearly five decades researchers in this booming field have made numerous attempts to address these problems, doping and combining titanium dioxide with a wide range of materials. A novel ambient-temperature approach to synthesis and doping/modification of anatase-form titanium dioxide was attempted using both oxygen-rich and oxygen deprived synthetic routes. Reactants were exposed to various wavelengths of ...


Effect Of Frother Strength And Solids On Gas Dispersion In A Cavitation Sparger Measured By Electrical Resistance Tomography, Philip Holdsworth 2020 Montana Tech

Effect Of Frother Strength And Solids On Gas Dispersion In A Cavitation Sparger Measured By Electrical Resistance Tomography, Philip Holdsworth

Graduate Theses & Non-Theses

Gas dispersion in column flotation is critical for optimizing particle-bubble interaction and maximizing recovery. The effect of various flotation frothers on axial gas dispersion rates in a column flotation cell were measured using electrical resistance tomography (ERT). Tests included two-phase (gas-liquid) and three-phase (gas-liquid-solid) to determine the effect of mechanical parameters and the presence of solids on gas dispersion. Gas holdup can be measured using ERT and utilized in the determination of axial gas dispersion rate in the column. The ERT is constructed with two sensor planes making it possible to simultaneously capture gas holdup values at one cm and ...


Current Status Of Hydrothermal Treatment For Energy And Material Recovery Toward A Sustainable Post-Consumer Material Cycle, Baskoro Lokahita, Muhammad Aziz, Fumitake Takahashi 2020 Department of Transdisciplinary Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama 152-8552, Japan

Current Status Of Hydrothermal Treatment For Energy And Material Recovery Toward A Sustainable Post-Consumer Material Cycle, Baskoro Lokahita, Muhammad Aziz, Fumitake Takahashi

Makara Journal of Technology

The demand for energy-efficient and environmentally friendly municipal solid waste (MSW) processing has increased in developing countries. The thermochemical process offers a fast and reliable solution to reutilize or reduce the volume of MSW. Hydrothermal treatment is a novel MSW treatment technology that is compatible with high-moisture-content feedstock. It involves the thermal degradation of MSW in pressurized water or steam, which promotes the disintegration of cellulosic and polymer materials. Recent advances have shown effective MSW conversion into homogenous solid hydrochar with higher energy density. Alkali and chlorine content, which causes issues in combustors, was successfully removed due to the washing ...


Effects Of Collision Damage On The Ultimate Strength Of Fpso Vessels, Muhammad Zubair Muis Alie, Dian Ramasari, Taufiqur Rachman, Ristiyanto Adiputra 2020 Faculty of Engineering, Department of Ocean Engineering, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar 90245, Indonesia

Effects Of Collision Damage On The Ultimate Strength Of Fpso Vessels, Muhammad Zubair Muis Alie, Dian Ramasari, Taufiqur Rachman, Ristiyanto Adiputra

Makara Journal of Technology

Floating production storage offloading (FPSO) vessels are movable offshore structures. These structures are designed with large dimensions, and their decks are loaded with several types of equipment. During collision damage, the hull and deck parts loaded with equipment are severely affected. Therefore, the ultimate strength of FPSO vessels should be thoroughly checked and evaluated. The objective of the present study is to analyze the ultimate strength of FPSO vessels against collision damage characterized by hogging and sagging under longitudinal bending. The cross section of an FPSO vessel is modeled with elements composed of stiffened and unstiffened plates. The vessel length ...


Ionic Conductivity And Electrochemical Properties Of Alginate–Nn4no3-Based Biopolymer Electrolytes For Edlc Application, Norfatihah binti Mazuki, Nur Muhitul Jalilah Rasali, Bouchta Sahraoui, Ahmad Salihin Samsudin 2020 Ionic Materials Team, Faculty of Industrial Sciences & Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Kuantan 26300, Pahang Malaysia

Ionic Conductivity And Electrochemical Properties Of Alginate–Nn4no3-Based Biopolymer Electrolytes For Edlc Application, Norfatihah Binti Mazuki, Nur Muhitul Jalilah Rasali, Bouchta Sahraoui, Ahmad Salihin Samsudin

Makara Journal of Technology

In this work, alginate doped with various contents of ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) as a solid biopolymer electrolyte (SBE) was prepared via casting by using distilled water as a solvent. Impedance studies on alginate–NH4NO3 SBE films were conducted via impedance spectroscopy. The lowest bulk resistance (Rb) showed that the maximum ionic conductivity of the sample containing 25 wt.% NH4NO3 at ambient temperature (303 K) was 5.56 × 10−5 S cm−1. The temperature dependence of ionic conductivity was evaluated, and results confirmed that electrolytes followed an Arrhenius behavior. The highest conducting sample was fabricated into an electrical double-layer capacitor ...


Ethylene Carbonate And Polyethylene Glycol As Efficient Plasticizers In Cmc-Pva-Nh4no3-Based Polymer Electrolyte, Noor Saadiah Mohd Ali, Yuki Nagao, Ahmad Salihin Samsudin 2020 Department of Chemistry, Centre for Foundation Studies, International Islamic University Malaysia, Gambang 26300, Pahang

Ethylene Carbonate And Polyethylene Glycol As Efficient Plasticizers In Cmc-Pva-Nh4no3-Based Polymer Electrolyte, Noor Saadiah Mohd Ali, Yuki Nagao, Ahmad Salihin Samsudin

Makara Journal of Technology

This study investigated the influence of plasticizers (polyethylene glycol [PEG] and ethylene carbonate [EC]) on the ionic conduction of CMC-PVA-NH4NO3. Blended biopolymer electrolytes (BBEs) based on carboxymethyl cellulose–polyvinyl alcohol (CMC-PVA) doped with ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) were obtained via casting solution technique incorporated with PEG and EC, which acted as plasticizers. Electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was conducted to evaluate the effect of plasticization on the ionic conduction properties. The ionic conductivity improved from 1.70 × 10−3 S/cm for un-plasticized BBEs to 3.92 × 10−3 S/cm for plasticized BBEs with EC and 3.00 × 10−3 S ...


Synthesis Of Epoxy Monoethanolamide From Bauhinia Monandra Seed Oil, Adewale Adewuyi, Rotimi A. Oderinde 2020 Industrial Unit, Department of Chemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State 200284, Nigeria

Synthesis Of Epoxy Monoethanolamide From Bauhinia Monandra Seed Oil, Adewale Adewuyi, Rotimi A. Oderinde

Makara Journal of Technology

In this study, we synthesized epoxidised monoethanolamide (EMA) from Bauhinia monandra seed oil (BMO) via a simple reaction route. In this process, BMO was transesterified to obtain a mixture of methyl esters, which was subjected to a urea adduct complexation reaction. The unsaturated methyl esters (BME) from the urea adduct complexation reaction were then epoxidised using performic acid produced in situ in a one-pot reaction system. The epoxidised methyl esters were converted to EMA by reacting them with monoethanolamine (1:10). The progression of the reaction was monitored using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and ...


Liquefaction Potential Analysis Based On Nonlinear Ground Response On The Coastline Of Bengkulu City, Indonesia, Lindung Zalbuin Mase 2020 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Bengkulu, Bengkulu 38371, Indonesia

Liquefaction Potential Analysis Based On Nonlinear Ground Response On The Coastline Of Bengkulu City, Indonesia, Lindung Zalbuin Mase

Makara Journal of Technology

This paper presents the study of the seismic response and liquefaction potential of the coastal area of Bengkulu City during the September 2007 Sumatra earthquake. The study is conducted by collecting site investigation data (standard penetration test) and applying input motion to observe soil response. Synthetic ground motion is generated by considering the important aspects of earthquakes, including focal depth, epicenter, earthquake source, and site classification. The synthetized ground motion is then used as the input motion in the seismic response analysis. The results of this analysis are spectral acceleration and peak ground acceleration at each depth. The resulting spectral ...


Comparison Of Phytoremediation And Filtration For Diamond-Mine-Tailings Water Treatment, M. Hafidhuddin Noor, Mijani Rahman, Akhmad Gazali, Nia Kania, Aulia Rahma, Erdina L.A. Rampun, Amalia E. Pratiwi, Muthia Elma 2020 Doctoral Program, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, ULM Campus Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan 70714, Indonesia

Comparison Of Phytoremediation And Filtration For Diamond-Mine-Tailings Water Treatment, M. Hafidhuddin Noor, Mijani Rahman, Akhmad Gazali, Nia Kania, Aulia Rahma, Erdina L.A. Rampun, Amalia E. Pratiwi, Muthia Elma

Makara Journal of Technology

The water pollution caused by diamond mine activities can kill aquatic life. In this work, we used phytoremediation and filtration to treat pond water polluted by the tailings of a diamond mine located in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Einchhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) was utilized as the biomass for the phytoremediation process. Gravel (10–15 mm) and sand (0.1–1 mm) were used as filter media in the simple filtration setup, using an up-flow system (bottom to top). In the experiment, 16 L of diamond tailing water was poured into five phytoremediation reactors (each 60 L in volume), which were then ...


Parametric Investigation Of Effect Of Abnormal Process Conditions On Self-Piercing Riveting, Taek-Eon Jeong, Dong-Hyuck Kam, Cheolhee Kim 2020 Korea Institute of Industrial Technology

Parametric Investigation Of Effect Of Abnormal Process Conditions On Self-Piercing Riveting, Taek-Eon Jeong, Dong-Hyuck Kam, Cheolhee Kim

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Self-piercing riveting (SPR) is one of the mechanical joining processes, and its application to Al/Fe dissimilar materials combination, which is hard to weld, is expanding in the automotive industry. The main process parameters in SPR are types of rivet and die, setting force, and rivet setting speed. Previously, the relationship between the main process parameters and output parameters such as cross-sectional characteristics and joint strength has been studied to optimize the SPR process. In practical applications, there are unexpected and abnormal process conditions such as poor fit-up, angular misalignment, edge offset distance, and inaccurate setting and pre-clamping forces, and ...


Formation Of Size And Density Controlled Nanostructures By Galvanic Displacement, Minh Tran, Sougata Roy, Steven Kmiec, Alison Whale, Steve W. Martin, Sriram Sundararajan, Sonal Padalkar 2020 Iowa State University

Formation Of Size And Density Controlled Nanostructures By Galvanic Displacement, Minh Tran, Sougata Roy, Steven Kmiec, Alison Whale, Steve W. Martin, Sriram Sundararajan, Sonal Padalkar

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Gold (Au) and copper (Cu)-based nanostructures are of great interest due to their applicability in various areas including catalysis, sensing and optoelectronics. Nanostructures synthesized by the galvanic displacement method often lead to non-uniform density and poor size distribution. Here, density and size-controlled synthesis of Au and Cu-based nanostructures was made possible by galvanic displacement with limited exposure to hydrofluoric (HF) acid and the use of surfactants like L-cysteine (L-Cys) and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). An approach involving cyclic exposure to HF acid regulated the nanostructure density. Further, the use of surfactants generated monodisperse nanoparticles in the initial stages of the ...


Investigation Of Relaxation Behavior In Highly Rejuvenated Bulk Metallic Glasses By In-Situ Synchrotron X-Ray Scattering, Fanqiang Meng, Shaoyang Wang, Dongbai Sun 2020 Sun Yat-Sen University and Ames Laboratory

Investigation Of Relaxation Behavior In Highly Rejuvenated Bulk Metallic Glasses By In-Situ Synchrotron X-Ray Scattering, Fanqiang Meng, Shaoyang Wang, Dongbai Sun

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Relaxation behaviors of highly rejuvenated Zr50Cu40Al10 bulk metallic glass was investigated using synchrotron X-ray scattering coupled with differential scanning calorimetry. The relaxation of rejuvenated volume is found to correspond to a marked exothermic event prior to the glass transition. High-energy synchrotron X-ray measurements of the structure factor show that annihilation of rejuvenated volume correspond to a sharpening of the scattering peaks. The calculated reduced pair distribution function suggests that the atomic re-arrangement in the second shell are largely responsible for the reduction in the free volume and decrease in full-width at half-maximum of the Total Structure Factor observed during structural ...


Subsurface Cooling Rates And Microstructural Response During Laser Based Metal Additive Manufacturing, Vivek Thampy, Anthony Y. Fong, Nicholas P. Calta, Jenny Wang, Aiden A. Martin, Philip J. Depond, Andrew M. Kiss, Gabe Guss, Qingfeng Xing, Ryan T. Ott, Anthony van Buuren, Michael F. Toney, Johanna Nelson Weker, Matthew J. Kramer, Manyalibo J. Matthews, Christopher J. Tassone, Kevin H. Stone 2020 SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Subsurface Cooling Rates And Microstructural Response During Laser Based Metal Additive Manufacturing, Vivek Thampy, Anthony Y. Fong, Nicholas P. Calta, Jenny Wang, Aiden A. Martin, Philip J. Depond, Andrew M. Kiss, Gabe Guss, Qingfeng Xing, Ryan T. Ott, Anthony Van Buuren, Michael F. Toney, Johanna Nelson Weker, Matthew J. Kramer, Manyalibo J. Matthews, Christopher J. Tassone, Kevin H. Stone

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) is a method of additive manufacturing characterized by the rapid scanning of a high powered laser over a thin bed of metallic powder to create a single layer, which may then be built upon to form larger structures. Much of the melting, resolidification, and subsequent cooling take place at much higher rates and with much higher thermal gradients than in traditional metallurgical processes, with much of this occurring below the surface. We have used in situ high speed X-ray diffraction to extract subsurface cooling rates following resolidification from the melt and above the β-transus ...


Detection Of Surface Cracks In Ferromagnetic Materials By C-Scan Mapping Of Residual Stresses Using Barkhausen Emissions, Neelam Prabhu-Gaunkar, David C. Jiles, G. V. Prabhu Gaunkar 2020 Iowa State University

Detection Of Surface Cracks In Ferromagnetic Materials By C-Scan Mapping Of Residual Stresses Using Barkhausen Emissions, Neelam Prabhu-Gaunkar, David C. Jiles, G. V. Prabhu Gaunkar

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Surface cracks can develop in components due to residual stresses, fatigue, stress corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, etc, during service exposure. Different non-destructive testing (NDT) methods are employed to detect and monitor such cracks. Magnetic Barkhausen Noise (MBN) analysis is one such technique that is used for in situ examination of microstructural anomalies or stress patterns. In the present work, we study the applicability of MBN for the detection of surface cracks. A part through surface crack was created by controlled fatigue loading of a martensitic stainless steel plate. The surface of the sample was scanned for BN emissions in incremental ...


The Effects Of Carbon Equivalent, Return Ratios, Mold Preparation, Riser Feed And Casting Temperature On The Microstructural And Mechanical Properties Of 100-70-03 Pearlitic Ductile Iron, Erin VanDusen 2020 Michigan Technological University

The Effects Of Carbon Equivalent, Return Ratios, Mold Preparation, Riser Feed And Casting Temperature On The Microstructural And Mechanical Properties Of 100-70-03 Pearlitic Ductile Iron, Erin Vandusen

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The most common and costly detriments to ductile iron foundries are casting defects, particularly in new and complex components. The ability to understand the factors and processes that create microstructures and the associated properties would allow accurate virtual predictions of casting outcomes. An experimental study of standard foundry variables, carbon equivalent, return ratio, mold preparation, riser feed, and casting temperature on a target of 100-70-03 pearlitic, hypereutectic ductile iron provided the groundwork for an ICME database. Density decreased when the fraction of graphite nodules was greater due to the low density of graphite. A greater percentage of return scrap and ...


Thermally Driven Spin Transport In Ferromagnetic Metals, Wafa Saud Aljuaid 2020 University of Denver

Thermally Driven Spin Transport In Ferromagnetic Metals, Wafa Saud Aljuaid

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Since the discovery in 2008, the spin Seebeck effect has become one of the most active topics in the spin caloritronics research field. It opened a new way to create spin current by a combination of magnetic fields and heat. A temperature gradient in ferromagnetic (FM) metals generates a ow of spin current due to split of spin chemical potential between spin up and spin down electrons. This thermal spin current has been detected using an attached nonmagnetic heavy metal with large spin Hall angle via the inverse spin hall effect (ISHE). A voltage signal is generated since the nonmagnetic ...


Effect Of Cerium And Magnesium Additions On The Strength And Morphology Of The Intermetallic Compound Layers In Aluminum-Steel Dissimilar Castings, Matt Thomas 2020 Michigan Technological University

Effect Of Cerium And Magnesium Additions On The Strength And Morphology Of The Intermetallic Compound Layers In Aluminum-Steel Dissimilar Castings, Matt Thomas

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Dissimilar castings are under investigation due to their light-weighting opportunities within the automotive industry. In this case, dissimilar castings consist of a solid steel core and a poured aluminum component. The strength and integrity of the casting relies on the coherency of the bond between the two components; by optimizing the metallurgical component of the bonding phenomena, the weight and complexity of the insert can be reduced, further increasing the light-weighting opportunities. An interface comprised of intermetallics, generally Fe4Al13 and Fe2Al5, forms between the two components with the latter forming nearest the steel. Cerium ...


Influence Of Rapid Solidification And Wrought Processing On Precipitation Strengthening And Deformation Mechanisms In Al-Sc-Zr Alloys, Yang Yang 2020 Michigan Technological University

Influence Of Rapid Solidification And Wrought Processing On Precipitation Strengthening And Deformation Mechanisms In Al-Sc-Zr Alloys, Yang Yang

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Al-Sc-Zr alloys have drawn increasing attention in the last several decades due to their strengthening and coarsening resistance. In this study, solute concentrations of Sc and Zr were increased beyond their equilibrium solubilities without primary precipitate formation using melt-spinning. The melt-spun ribbon was metallurgically bonded into bulk shape using extrusion. With the proper aging treatment, the mechanical properties of the supersaturated melt-spun ribbon and extruded rod were found to be significantly higher than a baseline dilute alloy. Increased mechanical properties include microhardness, tensile strength at ambient-temperature, and compressive strength and threshold stress at and elevated-temperature. These increases were related to ...


Galvanic Corrosion In Aluminum/Steel Joints, Maegan Saul 2020 The University of Akron

Galvanic Corrosion In Aluminum/Steel Joints, Maegan Saul

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

As car manufacturers seek to use lighter weight materials, aluminum is being more commonly used in the construction of vehicles. However, the strength of steel cannot be matched and both metals are necessary, leading to the joining of dissimilar metals. This connection of different metals leads to a galvanic coupling and subsequent corrosion of the less noble metal. This project aims to observe the corrosion and galvanic coupling behavior of aluminum alloys and carbon steel so that a model may be produced which can accurately predict the expected responses of the metals in various environments. Better, more accurate modeling of ...


Table Top Dome Tester, Travis Bernard, Sarah Kassinger, Amanda O'Reilly, Scott Salerno 2020 The University of Akron

Table Top Dome Tester, Travis Bernard, Sarah Kassinger, Amanda O'Reilly, Scott Salerno

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The Erichsen Cupping Test was used as a basis to design a dome tester. The intention of a dome tester is to test sheet metal material properties in all directions. This was done by clamping a piece of sheet metal and using a piston and hydraulic press to punch through the material. The force used to punch the material and the height of the deforming material can be gathered and the sheet metal properties can then be calculated. At the end of the project the team was able to successfully design and manufacture a hydraulic dome tester. However, due to ...


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