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Impacts Of Beaver Dams On Mountain Stream Discharge And Water Temperature, Timothy R. Clark 2020 Utah State University

Impacts Of Beaver Dams On Mountain Stream Discharge And Water Temperature, Timothy R. Clark

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Beaver dam complexes have been shown to affect the hydrologic processes controlling river systems. These processes include surface and groundwater exchanges, water chemistry and temperature variations, and river discharge magnitudes. Majerova et al. (2015) explored the effects of beaver dams on surface and groundwater exchanges and water temperature by evaluating three years of water discharge and temperature data recorded at multiple locations within a small stream in northern Utah. They found that beaver dams increase the water surface elevation and force water into the floodplain resulting in increased inundation and groundwater recharge. They additionally found that beaver dams increase residence ...


Biofiltration Of Volatile Organic Compounds Emitted At Ethanol Plants, Mitham Al-faliti 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Biofiltration Of Volatile Organic Compounds Emitted At Ethanol Plants, Mitham Al-Faliti

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Ethanol is a major biofuel source of energy in the U.S. Ethanol production produces several harmful emissions from both fermentation tanks and dryers. CO2 scrubbers control the emissions from the fermentation tanks, while the emissions from the dryers are controller by regenerative thermal oxidizers. These methods are expensive to operate. A potential alternative is bio-trickling filters. Bio-trickling filters are an inexpensive and environmentally friendly alternative. For this study, two parallel bio-trickling filters were operated one at 25°C called the mesophilic bio-trickling filter and one at 60°C called the thermophilic bio-trickling filter. The mesophilic bio-trickling filter simulates ...


Comparison Of Object Detection And Patch-Based Classification Deep Learning Models On Mid- To Late-Seasonweed Detection In Uav Imagery, Arun Narenthiran Veeranampalayam Sivakumar, Jiating Li, Stephen Scott, Eric T. Psota, Amit J. Jhala, Joe D. Luck, Jiating Li 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Comparison Of Object Detection And Patch-Based Classification Deep Learning Models On Mid- To Late-Seasonweed Detection In Uav Imagery, Arun Narenthiran Veeranampalayam Sivakumar, Jiating Li, Stephen Scott, Eric T. Psota, Amit J. Jhala, Joe D. Luck, Jiating Li

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Mid- to late-season weeds that escape from the routine early-season weed management threaten agricultural production by creating a large number of seeds for several future growing seasons. Rapid and accurate detection of weed patches in field is the first step of site-specific weed management. In this study, object detection-based convolutional neural network models were trained and evaluated over low-altitude unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) imagery for mid- to late-season weed detection in soybean fields. The performance of two object detection models, Faster RCNN and the Single Shot Detector (SSD), were evaluated and compared in terms of weed detection performance using mean ...


Optimum Mixing Design Of Xanthan And Gellan Treated Soils For Slope Stabilization For Weathered Shales And Glacial Tills In Nebraska, Layal Bitar 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Optimum Mixing Design Of Xanthan And Gellan Treated Soils For Slope Stabilization For Weathered Shales And Glacial Tills In Nebraska, Layal Bitar

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Verdigre located in North Eastern Nebraska experienced slope failures. The geological formations of theses slopes largely consist of several layers of weathered shales and glacial tills. It is believed that the weathering process reduced the shear strength of the soils leading to slope failures.

In this study, strength characteristics of Xanthan and Gellan gums treated soil specimens compacted at the optimum moisture content for field application were investigated so that the biopolymer treated soils may be properly used to stabilize the slopes. The untreated and treated samples were subjected to a wet-freeze(-6oF)-thaw(167oF)-dry ...


Development Of A Mash Test Level 4 Open Concrete Bridge Rail, Jacob DeLone 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Development Of A Mash Test Level 4 Open Concrete Bridge Rail, Jacob Delone

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

An open concrete bridge rail was designed and developed according to safety performance guidelines in the American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Manual for Assessing Safety Hardware (MASH) for Test Level 4 (TL-4). Systems designed and developed under previous guidance were studied, and their geometric information and full-scale crash testing performance was studied to establish the geometry of the new bridge rail. Yield-Line Theory and the AASHTO Post and Beam design methods were studied, and a modified version of the AASHTO Post and Beam method was utilized to determine the capacity of the new open concrete bridge rail ...


Past, Present And Future Of Irrigation On The U.S. Great Plains, Steve R. Evett, Paul D. Colaizzi, Freddie R. Lamm, Susan A. O'Shaughnessy, Derek M. Heeren, Thomas J. Trout, William L. Kranz, Xiaomao Lin 2020 USDA-ARS, Soil and Water Management Research Unit

Past, Present And Future Of Irrigation On The U.S. Great Plains, Steve R. Evett, Paul D. Colaizzi, Freddie R. Lamm, Susan A. O'Shaughnessy, Derek M. Heeren, Thomas J. Trout, William L. Kranz, Xiaomao Lin

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Motivated by the need for sustainable water management and technology for next-generation crop production, the future of irrigation on the U.S. Great Plains was examined through the lenses of past changes in water supply, historical changes in irrigated area, and innovations in irrigation technology, management, and agronomy. We analyzed the history of irrigated agriculture through the 1900s to the present day. We focused particularly on the efficiency and water productivity of irrigation systems (application efficiency, crop water productivity, and irrigation water use productivity) as a connection between water resource management and agricultural production. Technology innovations have greatly increased the ...


Groundwater Level Mapping Tool: An Open Source Web Application For Assessing Groundwater Sustainability, Steven W. Evans, Norman L. Jones, Gustavious P. Williams, Daniel P. Ames, E. James Nelson 2020 Brigham Young University - Provo

Groundwater Level Mapping Tool: An Open Source Web Application For Assessing Groundwater Sustainability, Steven W. Evans, Norman L. Jones, Gustavious P. Williams, Daniel P. Ames, E. James Nelson

Faculty Publications

Decision makers need an accurate understanding of aquifer storage trends to effectively manage groundwater resources. Groundwater is difficult to monitor and quantify since the data collected from monitoring wells are often available only at irregular and infrequent intervals. We present an open-source web application (app) to visualize groundwater data over time and automatically calculate changes in aquifer storage volume to help managers assess aquifer sustainability. This app uses a novel multi-linear regression (MLR) algorithm to impute missing data for infrequently sampled wells, using correlated data from other wells in the same aquifer. The app uses this MLR-imputed data to spatially ...


Low-Temperature Pyrolysis Of Municipal Solid Waste Components And Refuse-Derived Fuel—Process Efficiency And Fuel Properties Of Carbonized Solid Fuel, Kacper Swiechowski, Ewa Syguła, Jacek A. Koziel, Paweł Stepien, Szymon Kugler, Piotr Manczarski, Andrzej Białowiec 2020 Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences

Low-Temperature Pyrolysis Of Municipal Solid Waste Components And Refuse-Derived Fuel—Process Efficiency And Fuel Properties Of Carbonized Solid Fuel, Kacper Swiechowski, Ewa Syguła, Jacek A. Koziel, Paweł Stepien, Szymon Kugler, Piotr Manczarski, Andrzej Białowiec

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

New technologies to valorize refuse-derived fuels (RDFs) will be required in the near future due to emerging trends of (1) the cement industry’s demands for high-quality alternative fuels and (2) the decreasing calorific value of the fuels derived from municipal solid waste (MSW) and currently used in cement/incineration plants. Low-temperature pyrolysis can increase the calorific value of processed material, leading to the production of value-added carbonized solid fuel (CSF). This dataset summarizes the key properties of MSW-derived CSF. Pyrolysis experiments were completed using eight types of organic waste and their two RDF mixtures. Organic waste represented common morphological ...


Exploiting Earth Observation Data To Impute Groundwater Level Measurements With An Extreme Learning Machine, Steven Evans, Gustavious P. Williams, Norman L. Jones, Daniel P. Ames, E. James Nelson 2020 Brigham Young University - Provo

Exploiting Earth Observation Data To Impute Groundwater Level Measurements With An Extreme Learning Machine, Steven Evans, Gustavious P. Williams, Norman L. Jones, Daniel P. Ames, E. James Nelson

Faculty Publications

Groundwater resources are expensive to develop and use; they are difficult to monitor and data collected from monitoring wells are often sporadic, often only available at irregular, infrequent, or brief intervals. Groundwater managers require an accurate understanding of historic groundwater storage trends to effectively manage groundwater resources, however, most if not all well records contain periods of missing data. To understand long-term trends, these missing data need to be imputed before trend analysis. We present a method to impute missing data at single wells, by exploiting data generated from Earth observations that are available globally. We use two soil moisture ...


Monitoring System For Electricity Consumption At Pumping Stations, N. Ikramov, T. Majidov, A. Mukhammadjonov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Monitoring System For Electricity Consumption At Pumping Stations, N. Ikramov, T. Majidov, A. Mukhammadjonov

Irrigation and Melioration

Currently, in Uzbekistan, of 4.3 million hectares of irrigated land, 2.3 million hectares are provided with water supplied by pumping stations that are on the balance of the Ministry of water management of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In total, 1693 pumping stations with 5301 pumping units are operated, and the number of pumping stations ' personnel is about 16,000 people. The total capacity of these pumping stations is about 7000 m3/s. the Total annual energy consumption of these pumping stations is about 8.0 billion kW·h or about 12.5% of the annual electricity generation of ...


Studying The Movement Of Crop Drined Seeds Of Cottage On A Slope Tray In A Protective Machine, R.K. Djamolov, A.A. Akrаmov, K. Djamolov 2020 “Pakhtasanoat Ilmiy Markazi” JSC

Studying The Movement Of Crop Drined Seeds Of Cottage On A Slope Tray In A Protective Machine, R.K. Djamolov, A.A. Akrаmov, K. Djamolov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article presents the results of a theoretical study of the movement of pubescent cotton seeds along an inclined guide in a pickling machine. Equations are obtained that describe the movement of the seed along the inclined tray of the dresser. A formula is derived for determining the time of movement of the seed on an inclined one to the dressing agent. A plot of the change in the speed of the seed in the tray on the change in the angle of inclination and on the value of the movement of the seed. To increase the feed rate of ...


Modeling The Movement Of A Heap In A Dielectric Sorting Device For Alfalfa Seeds, A. Lee, Z. Sharipov, M.N. Sattarov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Modeling The Movement Of A Heap In A Dielectric Sorting Device For Alfalfa Seeds, A. Lee, Z. Sharipov, M.N. Sattarov

Irrigation and Melioration

This article presents a theoretical study of modeling the movement of a mixture in a dielectric sorting plant for alfalfa seeds. Theoretical studies were carried out using the general laws of mechanics and mathematical modeling of alfalfa seeds, taking into account their physical and mechanical properties. The results of a theoretical study on modeling the detachment conditions of alfalfa seed heap particles and particle dynamics along the casing and pitched boards of a dielectric sorting device are presented. The differential equation with the initial conditions was solved by numerical methods of "Runge-Kutta-Felberg" with automatic step selection. The components of a ...


Substantiation Of Sprayers Installed To A Universal Mounted Sprayer, D. Dzhuraev, M.S. Halilov, S.M. Badalov, I.Zh. Toirov, A.E. Urishev 2020 Karshi Institute of Engineering and Economics

Substantiation Of Sprayers Installed To A Universal Mounted Sprayer, D. Dzhuraev, M.S. Halilov, S.M. Badalov, I.Zh. Toirov, A.E. Urishev

Irrigation and Melioration

The article presents the results of theoretical and experimental studies on the creation of primary sprayers for sprayers. The flow diagrams of the atomizers that were produced on the territory of the former Soviet Union are given. Currently, various types of spray guns are manufactured in America, Germany, France, Italy, Bulgaria and other countries. Based on the set requirements for sprayers, to ensure fluid flow and spraying when deployed 90-110 degrees on a plane, a slotted sprayer is selected - manufacturer Lechler of the brand ST-110-05 Germany, for installation on a universal mounted sprayer. The results of fluid flow by a ...


Research Of Water Flow Motion In The Channel Of Amu-Bukhara Machine Channel, D.R. Bazarov, F. Artikbekova, M.P. Tashkhanova, B.M. Norkulov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Research Of Water Flow Motion In The Channel Of Amu-Bukhara Machine Channel, D.R. Bazarov, F. Artikbekova, M.P. Tashkhanova, B.M. Norkulov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article considers a numerical study of the movement of a water stream in the channel of the Amu Bukhara Machine Channel (ABMK). Water intake to the inlet canal is carried out from the Amu Darya river in a damless manner, therefore, ensuring the flow of clarified water into the anterior chambers of pumping stations is an urgent task. According to the developed model, consisting of hydrodynamic equations based on the laws of conservation of momentum and mass, data on the dynamics of velocities in the channel of the supply channel ABMK are obtained and zones of uneven flow in ...


Irrigation Value The Mechanical Composition River Spring The Effect Of The Inhomogeneity Of Elastic Medium On The Initiation Of Resonant Waves Under Moving Load, S.A. Abdukadirov, Z.S. Shаdmаnova, B.Sh. Yuldoshev 2020 Tashkent Institute of Architecture and Construction

Irrigation Value The Mechanical Composition River Spring The Effect Of The Inhomogeneity Of Elastic Medium On The Initiation Of Resonant Waves Under Moving Load, S.A. Abdukadirov, Z.S. Shаdmаnova, B.Sh. Yuldoshev

Irrigation and Melioration

investigated. The waveguide properties of the system are preliminarily studied. The multiple roots of the dispersion equations are revealed and the critical load velocities leading to the formation of resonance processes are determined. The solutions of the dispersion equations make it possible to determine the additional critical velocities in the mid-wave spectrum depending on the structure parameters. For simple models, analytical solutions of the development of resonance processes are obtained that are asymptotically correct for relatively large values of time. The computer simulations allow us to analyze the quantitative features of the process over the entire time period of the ...


Regulations Of Hydraulic Resistance Of Machine Channels Of Pumping Stations, D.R. Bazarov, B.R. Uralov, M.P. Tashkhanova 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Regulations Of Hydraulic Resistance Of Machine Channels Of Pumping Stations, D.R. Bazarov, B.R. Uralov, M.P. Tashkhanova

Irrigation and Melioration

The paper considers the general equation of fluid motion in the channels and the functional dependences of the hydraulic friction coefficient on the Reynolds number, relative roughness, and on the shape of the live section of the channel. Resistance formulas are given for the simplest cross-sectional shapes of channels and for channels with a more complex cross-sectional shape. To take into account the effect (on the pressure loss) of the channel cross-sectional shape and the presence of a flow with a free surface in it, additional correction factors are introduced (using the hydraulic radius concept) and be clarified as a ...


Combined Installation Photo Thermal Battery - Electric Water Heater To Provide Electricity And Water To Rural Households, R.A. Muminov, M.N. Tursunov, Х. Sabirov, U.R. Kholov, Т.Z. Аkhtamov, М. Eshmuradova 2020 Physical-technical institute of SPA “Physics-Sun” of the Academy of Science of Uzbekistan

Combined Installation Photo Thermal Battery - Electric Water Heater To Provide Electricity And Water To Rural Households, R.A. Muminov, M.N. Tursunov, Х. Sabirov, U.R. Kholov, Т.Z. Аkhtamov, М. Eshmuradova

Irrigation and Melioration

The article presents the experimental results of the study of the parameters of a combined installation photo thermal battery – electric heater, used to provide electric energy and water to rural households. Photo thermal battery is made on the basis of photovoltaic batteries of crystalline silicon with an efficiency of ~ 20 %. Cellular polycarbonate was used as a heat sink. When creating the KU based on photo thermal battery EVN, modern efficient batteries, controllers, inverters and consumers of electric energy were used, and Ariston was chosen as the EVN. KU is adapted to climatic conditions, effectively and reliably provides energy and water ...


Conceptual Approaches To Improve Quality Of The Process Of Preparation Energy Personnel For Agricultural Sector Of Economy, A. Radjabov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Conceptual Approaches To Improve Quality Of The Process Of Preparation Energy Personnel For Agricultural Sector Of Economy, A. Radjabov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article highlights problems of training energy personnel for agricultural sector and conceptual, principle and practical approaches to their solution based on goals and objectives outlined in concept of development of higher education system in Uzbekistan until 2030 and Strategy for development of agriculture Republic of Uzbekistan for 2020 - 2030


Influence Of Elements Of Irrigation Equipment On Irrigation Erosion, M.M. Sarimsakov, O.S. Abdisamatov, Z.T. Umarova 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Influence Of Elements Of Irrigation Equipment On Irrigation Erosion, M.M. Sarimsakov, O.S. Abdisamatov, Z.T. Umarova

Irrigation and Melioration

Irrigation erosion is a process that has a significant negative impact on agricultural production, which leads to a sharp decrease in soil fertility and productivity. The costs associated with growing crops will increase. Today, more than 720,000 irrigated lands in the country suffer from irrigation erosion. Studies have shown that in typical gray soils with a slope of more than 0.30, intensive irrigation of apple orchards leaches 24.6 tons of soil particles per hectare per season. Improved irrigation, that is, a decrease in the leaching of soil particles during irrigation using transverse barriers, was achieved by 6 ...


Irrigation Value The Mechanical Composition River Springs, A.M. Arifjanov, L.N. Samiev, F.K. Babajanov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Irrigation Value The Mechanical Composition River Springs, A.M. Arifjanov, L.N. Samiev, F.K. Babajanov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article studies the influence of the fractional composition of river sediments on the soil structure of irrigated lands and on the process of soil formation. According to surveys in the Mirishkor canal, sediments formed in the river are distinguished by the distribution type in the main canal. The fractional composition of sediments mainly consists of particles of fine sand (0.1-0.05 mm) and coarse dust (0.05-0.001 mm).According to the results of surveys, by studying the mechanical composition of sediment in the channel, it will be possible to observe changes in the amount of composition, such ...


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