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Determination And Assessment Of The Spatio-Temporal Changing Dynamics In The Groundwater Level And Mineralization In Irrigated Areas Under Climate Change (As An Example Of Syrdarya Province), S. Khasanov, S. Adilov, R. Kulmatov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Determination And Assessment Of The Spatio-Temporal Changing Dynamics In The Groundwater Level And Mineralization In Irrigated Areas Under Climate Change (As An Example Of Syrdarya Province), S. Khasanov, S. Adilov, R. Kulmatov

Irrigation and Melioration

In the irrigated lands of the Aral Sea Basin, salinization processes are taking place as a result of rising groundwater levels and increasing its mineralization due to the unsustainable use of water and land resources. This, in turn, leads to the withdrawing of arable land and a decrease in crop yields. This is especially the case in the irrigated areas of the lower reaches of the Amudarya and Syrdarya rivers, located in Uzbekistan, southern Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan. This research was aimed to learn and evaluate the long-term changing behavior of groundwater level and mineralization in the irrigated areas of the ...


A New Technical Solution For Cleaning The Water Intake Structure Of Pumping Stations From Siltation And Its Experimental Research, M.M. Mukhammadiev, S.R. Juraev 2020 Tashkent State Technical University

A New Technical Solution For Cleaning The Water Intake Structure Of Pumping Stations From Siltation And Its Experimental Research, M.M. Mukhammadiev, S.R. Juraev

Irrigation and Melioration

The article considers one of the most pressing problems of pumping stations in the irrigation system today, their blurring of the bottom of the water intake (avancamera and water intake chambers), analyzes the existing proposals, designs and technical solutions and their advantages and disadvantages. Given the above advantages and disadvantages, a new design has been proposed for the treatment of water intake structures from turbid sediments with minimal energy and capital expenditures, very cheap and simple to operate and reliable. The design includes a turbid suction pump and a turbid pump, as well as a pulp pipeline. The pressurized water ...


Distribution Of Pressure And Specific Energy In The Twirled Stream For Confusor, A.A. Yangiev, D.S. Adjimuratov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Distribution Of Pressure And Specific Energy In The Twirled Stream For Confusor, A.A. Yangiev, D.S. Adjimuratov

Irrigation and Melioration

Article brings up the advantage of confusor part application in outflow part of vortex spillway, which may be more rational from the point of view of providing non-cavitation operation of flow swirler. Analytical design method and program developed is given of pressure and specific energy for aerated part of swirled flow in vortex spillway confusor part, which match with experimental results, it allows for fast and quite accurate realization of distribution analysis for pressure and specific energy in swirled flow along the length of the confusor for various rates of taper.


Planed Dimension Of Flow Deformed By A Single Dam That Is Impermeable To Water From The Body, M.R. Bakiev, K.T. Yakubov, I.J. Asamatdinov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Planed Dimension Of Flow Deformed By A Single Dam That Is Impermeable To Water From The Body, M.R. Bakiev, K.T. Yakubov, I.J. Asamatdinov

Irrigation and Melioration

Coastal erosion is a type of water erosion that causes significant damage to the national economy each year: leaching of overland coastal crops, failure of protective dams, destruction of irrigation canals, dilapidated buildings and structures, among others. To combat leaching, cross-dams are used which are waterproof and water-permeable. The aim of this work was to develop a method for calculating the planned dimension of compressed flow with a transverse dam, which included comparing the lengths of the upper and lower tilt zones, the boundaries of individual zones and the results of research in the laboratory and in nature. According to ...


Modeling The Impact Of Changes In The Ground Water Level On The Stability Of Agricultural Landscapes Using Gis, A.M. Arifjanov, L.N. Samiev, F.K. Babajanov, G.M. Xamdamova, Sh.N. Yusupov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Modeling The Impact Of Changes In The Ground Water Level On The Stability Of Agricultural Landscapes Using Gis, A.M. Arifjanov, L.N. Samiev, F.K. Babajanov, G.M. Xamdamova, Sh.N. Yusupov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article presents modern GIS methods for determining the stability of changes in irrigated areas and the depth of the ground water level.the most correct solutions are given in modeling this process. To distinguish agricultural landscapes, the classification of agricultural acreage in the lower part of the Amu Darya river region was made using 16-day periodic rasters 2017 of 2018 and the NDIS MOD13Q1 sensor of agricultural acreage, type NDVI. The annual change in the level of underground water in relation to the state of rivers and channels is analyzed. A steady change in agricultural acreage on the right ...


Increasing The Efficiency Of Water Distribution Management When Operating Pumping Stations Of The Irrigation System, O.Y. Glovatsky, R.R. Ergashev, B. Hamdamov, N.M. Ismailov, B.T. Kholbutaev 2020 Research Institute of Irrigation and Water Problems

Increasing The Efficiency Of Water Distribution Management When Operating Pumping Stations Of The Irrigation System, O.Y. Glovatsky, R.R. Ergashev, B. Hamdamov, N.M. Ismailov, B.T. Kholbutaev

Irrigation and Melioration

The article is to control the parameters of the unsteady movement of water in the canals and the pumping station, which ensure the maintenance of the specified operating modes of the pumping stations under non-stationary conditions. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to solve the problems of coordinating the operating modes of the units of the head pumping station (PS) with the operating modes of the partitioning structures in the conditions of emptying and filling the ponds of the main canal with water. The article discusses the implementation of the method of water distribution control on the mathematical model ...


Change In Level Water In Pumping-Plant Intake, R.R. Ergashev, B.T. Xolbutayev 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Change In Level Water In Pumping-Plant Intake, R.R. Ergashev, B.T. Xolbutayev

Irrigation and Melioration

A decrease in the water level in the pump chamber of the pumping stations leads to the formation of whirlpools in front of the suction pipes. As a result of air intake, the pump unit operates in cavitation mode and their intensive wear occurs. As the data obtained from the Karshi machine channel show, mainly a decrease in design water levels in the downstream waters is observed at the first pumping station. Depending on the number of simultaneously operating pumping units, the minimum water level in the head pumping station should be from 4.5 m to 5.7 m ...


Stabilization Of Discharge Processes Involved In Electrical Fields Of Electrostatic Precipitators, Sh.M. Muzafarov, B.N. Erkinov, A.I. Pardaev, V.E. Baliskiy, B.К. Tаgaev 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Stabilization Of Discharge Processes Involved In Electrical Fields Of Electrostatic Precipitators, Sh.M. Muzafarov, B.N. Erkinov, A.I. Pardaev, V.E. Baliskiy, B.К. Tаgaev

Irrigation and Melioration

The article provides information on achievements in the field of electrical gas cleaning. A critical analysis of the principle of operation of the electrostatic precipitators developed and currently in operation is carried out. The possibility of increasing the efficiency of electrical gas cleaning using unipolar voltage pulses is analyzed. A theoretical analysis of the processes in the discharge gap was carried out using the existing theory of electric discharges in gases. Based on the analysis of the data, the discharge mechanism is established in a sharply inhomogeneous electric field at a pulsed voltage. It is established that when using voltage ...


Research Of Energy Indicators Of Electric Drives With Frequency Converters (Frequency Converters) On The Operating Equipment Of Cotton Cleaning Plants, A.J. Isakov, B.K. Tukhtamishev, J.N. Tolipov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Research Of Energy Indicators Of Electric Drives With Frequency Converters (Frequency Converters) On The Operating Equipment Of Cotton Cleaning Plants, A.J. Isakov, B.K. Tukhtamishev, J.N. Tolipov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article deals with the theoretical and practical substantiation of the replacement of an unregulated electric drive of the main technological equipment of cotton refineries with a frequency-controlled electric drive. The influence of a change in the load on the motor shaft on the main parameters of the steady state is considered. In an asynchronous motor, with an increase in the load, slip increases to such a value at which the torque of the motor balances the increased moment of resistance. Considering that when the stator slip resistance is less than the critical one is a small fraction of the ...


Autonomous Photovoltaic System For Year-Round Guarantee Supply Of Electricity To Rural Facilities, M.N. Tursunov, Х. Sabirov, U.R. Kholov, Т.Z. Аkhtamov 2020 Physical-technical institute of SPA “Physics-Sun” of the Academy of Science of Uzbekistan

Autonomous Photovoltaic System For Year-Round Guarantee Supply Of Electricity To Rural Facilities, M.N. Tursunov, Х. Sabirov, U.R. Kholov, Т.Z. Аkhtamov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article discusses the physical and technical features of the experimental results of studying the parameters of an autonomous photovoltaic station (AFES) with a power of 2600 W designed and manufactured on the basis of 16 photovoltaic batteries made of polycrystalline silicon with an efficiency of 15.6 %. It is shown that an autonomous photovoltaic efficiently and reliably provides electric energy a lighting system for car parking in the winter season (January and February) and it is planned to lift water from a well with a depth of 70-80 m for irrigation and maintenance of the Heliopoligon from April 2020 ...


Analysis Of Theoretical And Natural Field Studies Of Reservoir Silling, A.M. Arifjanov, F. Gapparov, T.U. Apakhujayeva, S.N. Xoshimov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Analysis Of Theoretical And Natural Field Studies Of Reservoir Silling, A.M. Arifjanov, F. Gapparov, T.U. Apakhujayeva, S.N. Xoshimov

Irrigation and Melioration

The article developed a mathematical model of the processes of siltation of reservoirs, taking into account the energy state of the flow, and proposed a calculation method. In the process of siltation of the reservoir, the dependence of the volume on the change in the water level in the reservoir was estimated. On the basis of studies carried out in full-scale field conditions, the recommended calculation method is comparatively evaluated and analyzed. Field studies were carried out in the Chimkurgan, Tashkent and Yuzhno-Surkhan reservoirs. A relationship is obtained that expresses the dependence of the relative volume of siltation of the ...


Determination Of The Rational Values Of The Parameters Of The Disc Rollers Of The Combined Unit, A.K. Igamberdiev, D.K. Muqimova 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Determination Of The Rational Values Of The Parameters Of The Disc Rollers Of The Combined Unit, A.K. Igamberdiev, D.K. Muqimova

Irrigation and Melioration

In our country, repeated crops are sown in newly plowed lands. In such conditions, the use of combined units that perform several technological operations simultaneously in one pass is considered effective. However, due to the inadequacy and validity of the parameters of the working bodies for the quality of pre-sowing tillage in newly plowed lands, there is an increase in the number of passes, fuel consumption, loss of soil moisture and other costs and, as a result, the possibility of timely sowing and friendly germination of repeated crops is reduced . The rational parameters of the new design of disk

rollers ...


Engaging Farmers And The Agriculture Industry Through The Testing Agricultural Performance Solutions Program, Charles A. Burr, Daran Rudnick, Matt Stockton, Robert Tigner, Krystle Rhoades 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Engaging Farmers And The Agriculture Industry Through The Testing Agricultural Performance Solutions Program, Charles A. Burr, Daran Rudnick, Matt Stockton, Robert Tigner, Krystle Rhoades

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

The University of Nebraska–Lincoln Testing Agricultural Performance Solutions (TAPS) program involves use of farm management competitions to increase engagement across producers, industry, and universities.Participants make several management decisions throughout the growing season in a controlled field trial held at the university research station. Results are analyzed, and awards are presented for most profitable farm, most efficient farm, and farm with the greatest grain yield. The TAPS program involves several techniques for facilitating participatory assistance, including two-way communication and transformational learning. It has resulted in participants' questioning their past management decisions and realizing that they need to improve their ...


Introduction To Special Issue Of Irrigation Science: Improving Irrigation Management Across The Ogallala Aquifer, Usa, Allan A. Andales, Daran Rudnick, José L. Chávez 2020 Colorado State University

Introduction To Special Issue Of Irrigation Science: Improving Irrigation Management Across The Ogallala Aquifer, Usa, Allan A. Andales, Daran Rudnick, José L. Chávez

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Groundwater stored in aquifers is a major source of irrigation water for many agricultural regions that receive insufficient precipitation for crop production. In the U.S.A., the High Plains aquifer (HPA) that underlies parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming supplies irrigation water for agricultural production. The HPA underlies around 450,658 km2 (174,000 mi2) of which the Ogallala aquifer is the principal geologic formation underlying 347,059 km2 (134,000 mi2) (Gutentag et al. 1984). The Ogallala aquifer is primarily a water table (unconfined) aquifer with saturated ...


Numerical Modeling Of Wave- And Current-Supported Turbidity Currents Over Erodible Bed, Sahar Haddadian 2020 Louisiana State University

Numerical Modeling Of Wave- And Current-Supported Turbidity Currents Over Erodible Bed, Sahar Haddadian

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The physical processes that route sediments from nearshore to the continental margin provide vital information to the global assessment of the geochemically important matter and the life in the ocean. Therefore, understanding these processes at the fundamental level will help develop accurate models that can be integrated into operational ocean models. Wave- and current-supported turbidity currents (WCSTCs) are one of the mechanisms that deliver sediments to the continental margin. WCSTCs are slow-moving turbidity currents where near-bed turbulence driven by strong surface waves and/or currents, tide- and/or wind-driven, maintain the turbidity current in motion. This study investigates the along-shelf ...


Ranking Volatility In Building Energy Consumption Using Ensemble Learning And Information Entropy, Kunal Sharma, Jung-Ho Lewe 2020 Georgia Institute of Technology

Ranking Volatility In Building Energy Consumption Using Ensemble Learning And Information Entropy, Kunal Sharma, Jung-Ho Lewe

Georgia Journal of Science

Given the rise in building energy consumption and demand worldwide, energy inefficiency detection has become extremely important. A significant portion of the energy used in commercial buildings is wasted as a result of poor maintenance, degradation or improperly controlled equipment. Most facilities employ sensors to track energy consumption across multiple buildings. Smart fault detection and diagnostic systems use various anomaly detection techniques to discover point anomalies in consumption. While these systems work reasonably well in detecting equipment anomalies over short-term intervals, further exploration is needed in finding methods that consider long-term consumption to detect anomalous buildings. This paper presents a ...


Wave Attenuation Capacity Of Suspended Aquaculture Structures With Sugar Kelp And Mussels, Longhuan Zhu 2020 University of Maine

Wave Attenuation Capacity Of Suspended Aquaculture Structures With Sugar Kelp And Mussels, Longhuan Zhu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Large aquaculture systems may have the potential to damp wave energy for coastal protection. The performance of these systems are influenced by the dynamics of components such as flexible kelp blades and mussel droppers. In this thesis, the dynamics of kelp blades and mussel droppers were investigated with a consistent-mass cable model with focus on understanding the asymmetric motion of kelp blades. The results showed the asymmetric blade motion in symmetric waves is caused by the spatial asymmetry of the encountered wave orbital velocities due to blade displacements and the asymmetric action on the blade by vertical wave orbital velocities ...


A Modeling Framework For Urban Growth Prediction Using Remote Sensing And Video Prediction Technologies: A Time-Dependent Convolutional Encoder-Decoder Architecture, Ahmed Hassan Jaad 2020 Southern Methodist University

A Modeling Framework For Urban Growth Prediction Using Remote Sensing And Video Prediction Technologies: A Time-Dependent Convolutional Encoder-Decoder Architecture, Ahmed Hassan Jaad

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses and Dissertations

Studying the growth pattern of cities/urban areas has received considerable attention during the past few decades. The goal is to identify directions and locations of potential growth, assess infrastructure and public service requirements, and ensure the integration of the new developments with the existing city structure. This dissertation presents a novel model for urban growth prediction using a novel machine learning model. The model treats successive historical satellite images of the urban area under consideration as a video for which future frames are predicted. A time-dependent convolutional encoder-decoder architecture is adopted. The model considers as an input a satellite ...


Climate Change And Market-Based Insurance Feedbacks, Eric R. Holley, Adam Liska, Cory Walters, Geoffrey C. Friesen, Michael Hayes, Max J. Rudolph, Donald A. Wilhite 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Climate Change And Market-Based Insurance Feedbacks, Eric R. Holley, Adam Liska, Cory Walters, Geoffrey C. Friesen, Michael Hayes, Max J. Rudolph, Donald A. Wilhite

Adam Liska Papers

Climatic events have accounted for 91% of $1.05 trillion in insured costs for global catastrophic events from 1980 to 2016. Costs are driven by socio-economic development and increased frequency and severity of climatic disasters driven by climate change. Government policies to reduce systemic risk (e.g., cap-and-trade, carbon tax) have been a predominant approach for mitigation and adaptation. Alternatively, market-based incentives for climate change adaptation and mitigation already operate via the insurance industry to lessen impacts on society. Insurance feedbacks include changes in 1) premiums and insurance policies, 2) non-coverage, and 3) policy making and litigation. Alongside government policies ...


Quantitative Assessment Of Alkali-Silica Reaction In Small And Large-Scale Concrete Specimens Utilizing Nonlinear Acoustic Techniques, Clayton Malone 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Quantitative Assessment Of Alkali-Silica Reaction In Small And Large-Scale Concrete Specimens Utilizing Nonlinear Acoustic Techniques, Clayton Malone

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Nonlinear resonance techniques have been shown to be sensitive to microcracking in materials, including alkali-silica reaction (ASR) damage in concrete. However, application of nonlinear resonance tests have been limited due to the difficulty of application to large-scale field structures and the inability to quantitatively relate material nonlinearity with damage development. In this study, the development of ASR in concrete prisms and large concrete beam specimens of varying aggregate types and specimen sizes was monitored using linear and nonlinear resonance techniques.

For the concrete prisms, although the linear resonance frequency test could detect initiation and development of ASR damage in specimens ...


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