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Energy-Saving Structure Justification Powerful Tractor And Modern Agricultural Machine, A.K. Igamberdiyev, N.A. Khalikova, N.B. Razikov, O.E. Usarov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Energy-Saving Structure Justification Powerful Tractor And Modern Agricultural Machine, A.K. Igamberdiyev, N.A. Khalikova, N.B. Razikov, O.E. Usarov

Irrigation and Melioration

Discusses the fact that machine-tractor units (MTA) from high-power tractors are often not fully used due to errors in the design and operation of units, their ability to work under certain operating conditions with maximum efficiency and minimum fuel consumption, a method of completing a machine-tractor unit from a high-power technical means is proposed, which ensures the required quality of the technological operation, maximum efficiency and minimum fuel consumption, which must be performed under certain operating conditions. To study the power balance of energy-saving units, consisting of powerful tractors and modern agricultural machinery, an analysis was carried out of a ...


Traction Control Of The Friction Drive Of The Vertical Spindle, M. Shoumarova, T. Abdillaev, Sh.A. Yusupov, Ch.A. Shermatova 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Traction Control Of The Friction Drive Of The Vertical Spindle, M. Shoumarova, T. Abdillaev, Sh.A. Yusupov, Ch.A. Shermatova

Irrigation and Melioration

The main indicator in assessing the quality of the work of cotton pickers is its completeness of picking cotton, among the factors that predetermine the completeness of picking a special place is occupied by the direction and magnitude of the absolute speed of the spindle tooth. Among the factors affecting the absolute speed of the tooth, the main place is occupied by the angular speed of rotation of the spindle around its own axis, which depends on the quality of functioning of the friction drive of the spindle. This drive does not always provide its required traction capacity, since due ...


Hydraulic Elevator For Purification Of Water Supply Facilities Of The Reservoir, R.R. Ergashev, F. Atrikbekova, H. Khusanboeva, B.T. Kholbutaev, N.A. Babazhanov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Hydraulic Elevator For Purification Of Water Supply Facilities Of The Reservoir, R.R. Ergashev, F. Atrikbekova, H. Khusanboeva, B.T. Kholbutaev, N.A. Babazhanov

Irrigation and Melioration

The purpose of the research is to increase the efficiency of pumping stations operation by improving the methods of uniform flow spreading in the front chamber and inlet of the pumping station and developing constructive measures to improve the hydraulic conditions for supplying the flow to the pumps. The improvement of the method of hydraulic calculation of the flow in the front chamber and the water intake chamber is given on the example of the head pumping station of the Jizzakh cascade. In the process of research, standard methods of full-scale and bench tests of pumps, methods of mathematical and ...


Theoretical Research On Determining The Length Of The Shovels Of A Wheel Of Centrifugal Fans, V.A. Arkhipov, D. Dzhuraev, I.Zh. Toirov, A.E. Urishev 2020 Tomsk State University

Theoretical Research On Determining The Length Of The Shovels Of A Wheel Of Centrifugal Fans, V.A. Arkhipov, D. Dzhuraev, I.Zh. Toirov, A.E. Urishev

Irrigation and Melioration

Presents the results of theoretical research by scientists, carried out scientific work to determine the length of the shovel of a centrifugal fan wheel. A technological scheme for installing a shovel on a fan wheel disk has been developed Analyzes of these works are carried out, which show that the length of the wheel shovel has a significant dependence on the parameters of the wheel (R, R1), the angle of installation α and the radius of the arc R3 of the shovel. An analytical dependence is derived for determining the length of the shovel of a centrifugal fan ...


Prospects For Solving The Problem Of Rational Use Of Water Resources Using The Tiiame-1 Sprinkling Machine, M.Kh. Khamidov, A.R. Muratov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Prospects For Solving The Problem Of Rational Use Of Water Resources Using The Tiiame-1 Sprinkling Machine, M.Kh. Khamidov, A.R. Muratov

Irrigation and Melioration

The information published by the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, and the intermediate results of many years of research carried out by scientists from TIIAME on the development, research and implementation of water-saving technologies in agriculture are presented. The acute shortage of water resources in Central Asia, the problems of increasing the efficiency of the use of water-saving technologies around the world have led to the careful use of available water resources in the region, including the prospects and advantages of using irrigation of crops by sprinkling, as well as the design and technical parameters of the sprinkler developed ...


Inadequacy Of Current Water Use Planning At The Level Of Water Users And Wuas, A.A. Alimdjanov, A.Kh. Karimov, B.R. Nasibov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Inadequacy Of Current Water Use Planning At The Level Of Water Users And Wuas, A.A. Alimdjanov, A.Kh. Karimov, B.R. Nasibov

Irrigation and Melioration

This paper studies the main issues of water use planning at the level of water consumers and water user associations (WUA). The study carried out in Bulakbashi district of Andijan province of Uzbekistan, where the main source of irrigation water is the Southern Fergana Main Canal. The study followed two-stage procedure. During the first stage we compiled water use plans for the WUA and water consumers based on the applied methodology of water use planning. Then, at the second stage, we analyzed the results of the actual implementation of the farm water consumption plans and WUA water use plan, and ...


Water Efficient Technology Of Drip Irrigation In Intensive Gardens, F.U. Juraev, G.H. Karimov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers Bukhara Branch

Water Efficient Technology Of Drip Irrigation In Intensive Gardens, F.U. Juraev, G.H. Karimov

Irrigation and Melioration

The studies were carried out in 2017-2019 at the Zodabek farm on a 6 hectare garden plot with seedlings of half-tall apple trees “Golden Delicious”. Experimental research work was carried out at a groundwater level in the experimental area of 1.5-2.0 m, mineralization 1.0-1.2 g/l in alluvial, mechanical, medium sandy soils with the following irrigation options. The first option is irrigation, at the start of the second - drip irrigation; third, the use of specially designed soil pegs. The following results were obtained: in the control option, the average irrigation rate for three years was 1125 ...


Agrochemical Indicators Of New Irrigated Graph-Meadow Soils Formed On The Iii Underfladder Terrace Of Syrdarya, J.M. Kuziev 2020 Research institute of Soil science and Agrochemistry

Agrochemical Indicators Of New Irrigated Graph-Meadow Soils Formed On The Iii Underfladder Terrace Of Syrdarya, J.M. Kuziev

Irrigation and Melioration

Presents material on the geographical location, geomorphological and geological structure, as well as the agrochemical state of irrigated serozem-meadow soils, common in the Mirzaabad district of the Syrdarya region. According to the data obtained on the chemical analysis of soils, the studied soils are medium- and heavily loamy in texture, where particles of coarse sand predominate (0.05-0.01%). In the arable horizon of these soils, the humus content is 1.088-1.214%, total nitrogen 0.079-0.089%, total phosphorus 0.109-0.124%, and total potassium within 1.15-1.24%, and on the basis of these data, a regularity of ...


Car Wash Complex – Object Of Harmful Impact On Water Resources, M. Radkevich, K. Shipilova, M. Abdukodirova, O. Pochugevski 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Car Wash Complex – Object Of Harmful Impact On Water Resources, M. Radkevich, K. Shipilova, M. Abdukodirova, O. Pochugevski

Irrigation and Melioration

Deals with the problem of the impact of car wash complexes in the city of Tashkent on water resources. The analysis of the technological process of washing and a sociological survey of car owners and employees of car washes revealed the average amount of water used per car wash per year, as well as the amount of harmful substances entering the sewer network of the city of Tashkent. Calculations have shown that the annual water consumption only for passenger cars in Tashkent is about 4.34 million m3, and the wastewater is not properly treated. From one car wash ...


Forecasting The Dynamics Of Cotton Yield In The Ferghana Region, V. Vakhobov, А.А. Faiziev 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Forecasting The Dynamics Of Cotton Yield In The Ferghana Region, V. Vakhobov, А.А. Faiziev

Irrigation and Melioration

Observations of a certain phenomenon, the nature of which changes over time, give rise to an ordered sequence, which is called a time series. In the article, using the method of statistical time series analysis, statistical pattern of time series Y1 – average yield of cotton in Fergana region of the Republic of Uzbekistan(on materials of CSB of the Republic of Uzbekistan for 1991-2018 years). Point and interval estimates for the average cotton yield were constructed with a 95% guarantee, explicit types of trends were determined, and the yield in the region was predicted for subsequent years. Using statistical ...


Research The Chopper Apparatus Of Equipment For Chopping Pressed Rough Fodders, Sh.H. Gapparov, N.A. Ashurov 2020 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers

Research The Chopper Apparatus Of Equipment For Chopping Pressed Rough Fodders, Sh.H. Gapparov, N.A. Ashurov

Irrigation and Melioration

Livestock is one of the most important agricultural sectors in Uzbekistan and it is based on family livestock farms. On family farms, livestock animals are fed with pressed roughage, including corn stalks, alfalfa hay, barbed straw and wheat straw, mixed with concentrated feed. However, due to the lack of small choppers suitable for small farms, the compressed feed is fed to animals without chopping, as a result of which about 25-30 percent of them go to waste and there are large losses. Taking this into account, a small device was developed for chopping pressed roughage and mixing it with concentrated ...


Laboratory Testing And Mechanistic Analysis Of Treated Subgrade Soils, Hari Kumar Reddy Yarrapureddi 2020 University of Texas at Tyler

Laboratory Testing And Mechanistic Analysis Of Treated Subgrade Soils, Hari Kumar Reddy Yarrapureddi

Civil Engineering Theses

Calcium-based stabilizing agents such as cement and lime have been extensively used to improve the engineering properties of base and subgrade layers of pavement systems. Recently, polymers and chemical stabilizers have become popular due to cost efficiency, ease of application, and fast curing times. In this study, California Bearing Ratio (CBR) values of polymer and chemical treated soils were compared with the CBR values of soils treated with conventional stabilizers. Parametric sensitivity analyses was carried out on key parameters including the type of subgrade soil, stabilizing agent, stabilizing agent treatment levels, and moisture conditioning. Additionally, numerical analyses was performed to ...


Hydraulic And Mineralogical Characterization Of Organoclay Before And After Reaction With Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (Napl), Mostafa Afzalian 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Hydraulic And Mineralogical Characterization Of Organoclay Before And After Reaction With Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (Napl), Mostafa Afzalian

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Sediment capping—a method used to stabilize and remediate contaminated subaqueous sediment in lakes or river shores by covering the contaminant with multiple layered materials— is a more effective, economic, and durable in situ treatment compared to ex situ methods such as dredging. The caps are typically composed of porous geomaterials such as gravels, sands, Reactive Core Mat (RCM), including reactive soils (e.g., organoclay) and geosynthetics (e.g., geotextiles). The designed caps are regarded as water-permeable so as not to disturb the sediment; however, the caps become unsaturated state because of trapped gas generated from the decomposition of organic ...


Concentration And Treatment Of Odors Generated By Landfills, Gabriel Cohen 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Concentration And Treatment Of Odors Generated By Landfills, Gabriel Cohen

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Landfills produce hydrogen sulfide (H2S), an odorous compound that can be a nuisance and danger to public. Biological treatment, in particular bio-trickling filters, is a method for controlling H2S emissions but startup costs can be costly. The goal of this study is to provide a low-cost method for improving environmental air quality in Nebraska through an odor control device. This study determined that the Loup Central Landfill located near Elba, NE would be an adequate site for the testing and implementation of the odor control device. The off-gas of the Loup Central Landfill was tested for ...


Comparative Analyses Of Variable And Fixed Rate Irrigation And Nitrogen Management For Maize In Different Soil Types: Part I. Impact On Soil-Water Dynamics And Crop Evapotranspiration, Vasudha Sharma, Suat Irmak 2020 University of Minnesota

Comparative Analyses Of Variable And Fixed Rate Irrigation And Nitrogen Management For Maize In Different Soil Types: Part I. Impact On Soil-Water Dynamics And Crop Evapotranspiration, Vasudha Sharma, Suat Irmak

Biological Systems Engineering: Papers and Publications

Understanding the soil-water dynamics and maize evapotranspiration (ETc) under variable rate irrigation (VRI) and variable rate fertigation (VRF) management with respect to soil spatial variability constitutes the basis for developing effective variable rate water and nitrogen management strategies. This long-term research was designed to quantify and compare the soil-water dynamics, including available water (AW), and ETc during vegetative and reproductive growth periods of VRI, fixed rate irrigation (FRI) and no-irrigation (NI) under fixed rate fertigation (FRF), VRF and pre-plant (PP) nitrogen management in three different soil types [Crete silt loam (S1); Hastings silty clay loam (S2) and Hastings silt loam ...


Effect Of The C-Source And Cod/N On Nitrite And Partial Nitrate Denitrification, Ahmed Fathy Elyas Badia 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Effect Of The C-Source And Cod/N On Nitrite And Partial Nitrate Denitrification, Ahmed Fathy Elyas Badia

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The main objectives of this study were: (i) to investigate dynamic specific denitrification rates (SDNR) from nitrite at various chemical oxygen demand (COD) / nitrogen (N) ratios using municipal wastewater (MWW) and acetate, and to study the kinetic parameters, (ii) to investigate the dynamic specific denitrification rates (SDNRs) from nitrite at various COD/N ratios in a system that uses methanol as a complementary carbon source, and studying the effect in case if nitrate replaced nitrite, and (iii) to investigate and compare between the nitrite shunt and N-PDN-anammox technologies through studying the dynamic specific denitrification rates (SDNRs) from nitrate and nitrite ...


An Approach To Counting Vehicles From Pre-Recorded Video Using Computer Algorithms, Mishuk Majumder 2020 Louisiana State University

An Approach To Counting Vehicles From Pre-Recorded Video Using Computer Algorithms, Mishuk Majumder

LSU Master's Theses

One of the fundamental sources of data for traffic analysis is vehicle counts, which can be conducted either by the traditional manual method or by automated means. Different agencies have guidelines for manual counting, but they are typically prepared for particular conditions. In the case of automated counting, different methods have been applied, but You Only Look Once (YOLO), a recently developed object detection model, presents new potential in automated vehicle counting. The first objective of this study was to formulate general guidelines for manual counting based on experience gained in the field. Another goal of this study was to ...


Machine Learning Prediction Of Mechanical And Durability Properties Of Recycled Aggregates Concrete, Itzel Rosalia Nunez Vargas 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Machine Learning Prediction Of Mechanical And Durability Properties Of Recycled Aggregates Concrete, Itzel Rosalia Nunez Vargas

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Whilst recycled aggregate (RA) can alleviate the environmental footprint of concrete production and the landfilling of colossal amounts of demolition waste, there need for robust predictive tools for its effects on mechanical and durability properties. In this thesis, state-of-the-art machine learning (ML) models were deployed to predict properties of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC). A systematic review was performed to analyze pertinent ML techniques previously applied in the concrete technology field. Accordingly, three different ML methods were selected to determine the compressive strength of RAC and perform mixture proportioning optimization. Furthermore, a gradient boosting regression tree was used to study the ...


Economic Assesment Of The Impact Of Climate Factors On Wheat Yield In Samarkand Region, Sh.B. Babakholov 2020 Tashkent State Agrarian University

Economic Assesment Of The Impact Of Climate Factors On Wheat Yield In Samarkand Region, Sh.B. Babakholov

Irrigation and Melioration

Agricultural production is highly vulnerable to climate shocks and predicted climate consequences may pose severe challenges to the resilience of Uzbek agricultural system, especially in terms of food security and income stability of rural producers. In this context, present study proposed to assess the impact of climate factors, such particular changes in mean temperature and rainfalls on total output of wheat-cultivating farmers in Samarkand region. By considering irrigation source and heterogeneous geography of the region, farmers engaged in wheat production were analyzed in two: upstream and downstream zones using Fixed effect panel approach. The empirical findings of study revealed that ...


Assessing Surface Water Features Using Landsat-8 Oli And Sentinel-1 Satellite Images Case Study Sirdaryo Region, S.M. Muratov, Kh.A. Abdivaitov, Sh.F. Rahmatillayev 2020 State Geodetic Inspection under the State Committee on Land Resources, Geodesy, Cartography and State Cadastre of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Assessing Surface Water Features Using Landsat-8 Oli And Sentinel-1 Satellite Images Case Study Sirdaryo Region, S.M. Muratov, Kh.A. Abdivaitov, Sh.F. Rahmatillayev

Irrigation and Melioration

Water resources have become a very big problem in every part of Uzbekistan for several decades. Water is used not only exclusively for agricultural development, but also for many other purposes, such as industrial and chemical activities. Therefore, it is important to study the properties of surface water objects using optical and microwave satellite images. The Syrdarya region was selected for research. Because in the past, there have been no studies of water bodies using satellite images. The article presents the results of studies on the assessment of water properties from optical and microwave satellite images. In research for optical ...


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