Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Psychiatry and Psychology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,301 Full-Text Articles 3,824 Authors 889,007 Downloads 128 Institutions

All Articles in Psychiatry and Psychology

Faceted Search

2,301 full-text articles. Page 29 of 48.

Associations Of Daily Eating Episodes, And Eating Away-From-Home With Blood Level Of Total Cholesterol, Yunsheng Ma, Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson, Edward J. Stanek, Nancy L. Cohen, Ira S. Ockene 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Associations Of Daily Eating Episodes, And Eating Away-From-Home With Blood Level Of Total Cholesterol, Yunsheng Ma, Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson, Edward J. Stanek, Nancy L. Cohen, Ira S. Ockene

Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations

The objective of this investigation is to describe the associations of number of eating episodes and proportion of meals eaten away from home with total serum cholesterol. Data from 499 participants, recruited from a health maintenance organization in central Massachusetts, aged 20-70, were used for this analysis. Dietary information and total blood cholesterol were obtained at five sampling points (baseline and four consecutive quarters) during the one-year follow-up. A cross-sectional study was conducted. The results from the study do not support the hypothesis that the number of eating episodes per day is associated with total blood cholesterol. However, we noted ...


Smoking Cessation Outcomes Among Individuals With Substance Use And/Or Psychiatric Disorders, Milan Khara, Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli 2011 University of Kentucky

Smoking Cessation Outcomes Among Individuals With Substance Use And/Or Psychiatric Disorders, Milan Khara, Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli

Nursing Faculty Publications

Objectives: The population of individuals with substance use (SUD) and/or psychiatric disorders (PD) has a high prevalence of smoking and a consequent increase in tobacco-related morbidity and mortality when compared to the general population. The aim of this study is to examine the outcomes of a program in a real-life setting which takes a tailored approach to smoking cessation among individuals with SUD and/or PD.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of tailored tobacco dependence treatment was performed on individuals with histories of SUD and/or PD attending a Tobacco Dependence Clinic (TDC) program in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada ...


Public Perception Study 2011: Mental Illness, Drug And Alcohol Abuse, Oscar T. McKnight 2011 SelectedWorks

Public Perception Study 2011: Mental Illness, Drug And Alcohol Abuse, Oscar T. Mcknight

Oscar T McKnight

This study examined the public perception of mental illness, drug and alcohol abuse. Field-interviews with participants occurred "on the street" with no difficulty. Participants offered ten general recommendations to professionals developing programs for mental illness, drug or alcohol abuse. The public stressed the professional responsibilities of physicians, pharmacists, counselors and teachers to prevent drug abuse.


Depicting Estimates Using The Intercept In Meta-Regression Models: The Moving Constant Technique, Blair T. Johnson Dr., Tania B. Huedo-Medina Dr. 2011 University of Connecticut

Depicting Estimates Using The Intercept In Meta-Regression Models: The Moving Constant Technique, Blair T. Johnson Dr., Tania B. Huedo-Medina Dr.

CHIP Documents

In any scientific discipline, the ability to portray research patterns graphically often aids greatly in interpreting a phenomenon. In part to depict phenomena, the statistics and capabilities of meta-analytic models have grown increasingly sophisticated. Accordingly, this article details how to move the constant in weighted meta-analysis regression models (viz. “meta-regression”) to illuminate the patterns in such models across a range of complexities. Although it is commonly ignored in practice, the constant (or intercept) in such models can be indispensible when it is not relegated to its usual static role. The moving constant technique makes possible estimates and confidence intervals at ...


Treatment Of Rheumatoid Arthritis With Marine And Botanical Oils: Influence On Serum Lipids, Barbara C. Olendzki, Katherine Leung, Susan Van Buskirk, George W. Reed, Robert B. Zurier 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Treatment Of Rheumatoid Arthritis With Marine And Botanical Oils: Influence On Serum Lipids, Barbara C. Olendzki, Katherine Leung, Susan Van Buskirk, George W. Reed, Robert B. Zurier

Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations

The gap in mortality between patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the general population (1.5-3.0 fold risk) is increasing. This disparity is attributable mainly to cardiovascular disease (CVD), as the CVD risk is comparable to patients with diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study is to determine whether borage seed oil rich in gamma-linolenic acid, fish oil rich in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), or the combination of both oils are useful treatments for dyslipidemia in patients with RA. We randomized patients into a double blind, 18 month trial. Mixed effects models were used to compare ...


Social Goals In Urban Physical Education: Relationships With Effort And Disruptive Behavior, Alex C. Garn, Nate McCaughtry, Bo Shen, Jeffrey J. Martin, Mariane Fahlman 2011 Wayne State University

Social Goals In Urban Physical Education: Relationships With Effort And Disruptive Behavior, Alex C. Garn, Nate Mccaughtry, Bo Shen, Jeffrey J. Martin, Mariane Fahlman

Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies

This study investigated the relationships among four distinct types of social goals, effort, and disruptive behavior in urban physical education. Social responsibility, affiliation, recognition, status goals, along with effort and disruptive behavior in physical education were reported by high school physical education students (N = 314) from three urban schools. Findings from correlation and structural equa- tion modeling analyses revealed that social responsibility goals had a positive relationship with effort and an inverse relationship with disruptive behavior. Social status goals demonstrated a positive relationship with disruptive behavior and no relationship with effort. Social recognition goal results were mixed, as they had ...


Smart Rehabilitation For The 21st Century: The Tampa Smart Home For Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury, Jan Jasiewicz, William D. Kearns, Jeffrey Craighead, James L. Fozard, Steven Scott, Jay McCarthy 2011 University of South Florida

Smart Rehabilitation For The 21st Century: The Tampa Smart Home For Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury, Jan Jasiewicz, William D. Kearns, Jeffrey Craighead, James L. Fozard, Steven Scott, Jay Mccarthy

William D. Kearns, PhD

No abstract provided.


Smart Rehabilitation For The 21st Century: The Tampa Smart Home For Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury, Jan Jasiewicz, William D. Kearns, Jeffrey Craighead, James L. Fozard, Steven Scott, Jay McCarthy 2011 University of South Florida

Smart Rehabilitation For The 21st Century: The Tampa Smart Home For Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury, Jan Jasiewicz, William D. Kearns, Jeffrey Craighead, James L. Fozard, Steven Scott, Jay Mccarthy

Rehabilitation and Mental Health Counseling Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Self-Harm Subscale Of The Schedule Of Nonadaptive And Adaptive Personality (Snap): Predicting Suicide Attempts Over 8 Years Of Follow-Up, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, Zach Walsh, Maria O. Edelen, Christopher J. Hopwood, John C. Markowitz, Emily B. Ansell, Leslie C. Morey, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Andrew E. Skodol, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Thomas H. McGlashan 2011 Wesleyan University

Self-Harm Subscale Of The Schedule Of Nonadaptive And Adaptive Personality (Snap): Predicting Suicide Attempts Over 8 Years Of Follow-Up, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, Zach Walsh, Maria O. Edelen, Christopher J. Hopwood, John C. Markowitz, Emily B. Ansell, Leslie C. Morey, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Andrew E. Skodol, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Thomas H. Mcglashan

Division III Faculty Publications

Objective: We examined the predictive power of the self-harm subscale of the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP) to identify suicide attempters in the Collaborative Longitudinal Study of Personality Disorders (CLPS).

Method: The SNAP, a self-report personality inventory, was administered to 733 CLPS participants at baseline, of whom 701 (96%) had at least 6 months of follow-up data. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed to examine the SNAP–self-harm subscale (SNAP- SH) in predicting the 129 suicide attempters over 8 years of follow-up. Possible moderators of prediction were examined, including borderline personality disorder, major depressive disorder (MDD), and ...


Trait Dissociation And The Subjective Affective, Motivational, And Phenomenological Experience Of Self-Defining Memories, Angelina R. Sutin PhD, Gary D. Stockdale 2011 The Florida State University

Trait Dissociation And The Subjective Affective, Motivational, And Phenomenological Experience Of Self-Defining Memories, Angelina R. Sutin Phd, Gary D. Stockdale

Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications

The present research reports 2 studies that examine the relation between nonpathological trait dissociation and the subjective affect, motivation, and phenomenology of self-defining memories. In Study 1 (N=293), participants retrieved and rated the emotional and motivational experience of a general and a positive and negative achievement-related memory. Study 2 (N=449) extended these ratings to relationship-related memories and the phenomenological experience of the memory. Dissociation was associated with incongruent affect in valenced memories (e.g., positive affect in a negative memory) and memories that were visually incoherent and saturated with power motivation, hubristic pride, and shame, regardless of valence ...


Neuroticism, Depressive Symptoms, And Serum Bdnf, Antonio Terracciano PhD, Monia Lobina, Maria Grazia Piras, Antonella Mulas, Alessandra Cannas, Osorio Meirelles, Angelina R. Sutin PhD, Alan B. Zonderman, Manuela Uda, Laura Crisponi, David Schlessinger 2011 The Florida State University

Neuroticism, Depressive Symptoms, And Serum Bdnf, Antonio Terracciano Phd, Monia Lobina, Maria Grazia Piras, Antonella Mulas, Alessandra Cannas, Osorio Meirelles, Angelina R. Sutin Phd, Alan B. Zonderman, Manuela Uda, Laura Crisponi, David Schlessinger

Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVE: Animal models and clinical studies suggest that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is involved in the pathophysiology of depression. We test whether serum and plasma levels of BDNF are associated with trait neuroticism and its facets and with state measures of depressive symptoms.

METHODS: In a community-based cohort (N = 2099), we measured serum and plasma BDNF concentrations and administered the Revised NEO Personality Inventory and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Covariates included age, sex, cigarette smoking, obesity, and antidepressant use.

RESULTS: Serum BDNF concentrations were inversely related to neuroticism (r = -0.074, p < .001), in particular the depression facet (r = -0.08, p < .001). Lower BDNF concentrations were also associated with severe depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale ≥ 28; odds ratio = 0.906; 95% confidence interval = 0.851-0.965). The association of serum BDNF with neuroticism was independent of depressive symptoms, indicating that serum BDNF might represent a biological correlate of neuroticism and not just of transient depressive states. Plasma BDNF was not associated with measures of depression.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that ...


The Social Nature Of Male Suicide: A New Analytic Model, Daniel Coleman, John T. Casey 2011 Portland State University

The Social Nature Of Male Suicide: A New Analytic Model, Daniel Coleman, John T. Casey

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

Suicide is one of the leading causes of male mortality. In nearly every country in the world, more males than females end their life by suicide. Previous research indicates male-specific risk factors include social factors such as being unmarried, low income, and unemployment. An analytic model of male suicide is developed, proposing that the traditional male gender role creates a culturally-conditioned narrowing of perceived options and cognitive rigidity when under stress that increases male suicide risk. Suicide prevention and intervention require recognition of the role of high traditional masculinity, situating individual explanations within a broader social context. Based on this ...


Does Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (Nsaid) Use Affect Dementia Progression And Survival Rates In Alzheimer's Disease? The Cache County Study, Trevor R. Buckley 2011 Utah State University

Does Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (Nsaid) Use Affect Dementia Progression And Survival Rates In Alzheimer's Disease? The Cache County Study, Trevor R. Buckley

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Alzheimer's disease (AD) has multiple factors that contribute to the disease process. Among these is a state of chronic inflammation that is endured by the brain during the aging process. The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) decreases the amount of neuroinflammation sustained by the brain, and greater levels of NSAID use have been demonstrated to be associated with decreased probability of developing AD. This study looked at whether greater rates of NSAID use were also associated with decreased rates of cognitive and funtional decline and survival in a population-based sample of persons with AD.


Teens On Ieps: Making My “Transition” Services Work For Me, Jennifer Whitney, Lisa M. Smith 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Teens On Ieps: Making My “Transition” Services Work For Me, Jennifer Whitney, Lisa M. Smith

Psychiatry Information in Brief

An IEP is an individualized education plan written in public school for children ages 3 to 21 that by law, describes the special education services and goals for a student with an identified disability. Special ed services involve different techniques that help the student in a way that typical instruction cannot. Transition services are plans within the IEP that address specific needs in relation to life after high school.

Originally published as: Transitions RTC Tip Sheet 4, 2011.


Becoming An Adult: Challenges For Those With Mental Health Conditions, Maryann Davis, Kathryn Sabella, Lisa M. Smith, Amanda Costa 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Becoming An Adult: Challenges For Those With Mental Health Conditions, Maryann Davis, Kathryn Sabella, Lisa M. Smith, Amanda Costa

Psychiatry Information in Brief

This brief will describe psychosocial development and family life cycle changes during the transition to adulthood in typical youth and youth with serious mental health conditions (SMHC). We also describe additional challenges this population faces, and what can be done to support them and improve their outcomes.

Originally published as: Transitions RTC Research Brief 3, 2011.


Neuromotor Noise, Error Tolerance And Velocity-Dependent Costs In Skilled Performance, Dagmar Sternad, Masaki O. Abe, Xiaogang Hu, Hermann Müller 2011 Northeastern University

Neuromotor Noise, Error Tolerance And Velocity-Dependent Costs In Skilled Performance, Dagmar Sternad, Masaki O. Abe, Xiaogang Hu, Hermann Müller

Biology Faculty Publications

In motor tasks with redundancy neuromotor noise can lead to variations in execution while achieving relative invariance in the result. The present study examined whether humans find solutions that are tolerant to intrinsic noise. Using a throwing task in a virtual set-up where an infinite set of angle and velocity combinations at ball release yield throwing accuracy, our computational approach permitted quantitative predictions about solution strategies that are tolerant to noise. Based on a mathematical model of the task expected results were computed and provided predictions about error-tolerant strategies (Hypothesis 1). As strategies can take on a large range of ...


Syllabus "Externship: Mindfulness Meditation Retreat At Starved Rock State Park", Michael Skelley 2011 DePaul University

Syllabus "Externship: Mindfulness Meditation Retreat At Starved Rock State Park", Michael Skelley

Michael Skelley, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Time Course Of Prepulse Inhibition Disruption Induced By Dopamine Agonists And Nmda Antagonists: Effects Of Drug Administration Regimen, Ming Li, Wei He, Jing Chen 2011 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Time Course Of Prepulse Inhibition Disruption Induced By Dopamine Agonists And Nmda Antagonists: Effects Of Drug Administration Regimen, Ming Li, Wei He, Jing Chen

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of acoustic startle response is impaired in patients with schizophrenia and in animals acutely treated with dopamine agonists and NMDA antagonists. In this study, we investigated the time course of PPI disruption induced by repeated amphetamine, quinpirole, phencyclidine (PCP), and dizocilpine (MK-801) treatment. We focused on how PPI disruption development was influenced by drug administration regimens, comparing a constant versus an escalating dosing regimen. Male Sprague–Dawley rats were repeatedly treated with amphetamine (1.25–5.0 mg/kg, or constant 5.0 mg/kg, sc), PCP (0.50–2.0 mg/kg, or constant 0.5 ...


Personality And Obesity Across The Adult Life Span, Angelina R. Sutin PhD, Luigi Ferrucci, Alan B. Zonderman, Antonio Terracciano PhD 2011 The Florida State University

Personality And Obesity Across The Adult Life Span, Angelina R. Sutin Phd, Luigi Ferrucci, Alan B. Zonderman, Antonio Terracciano Phd

Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications

Personality traits contribute to health outcomes, in part through their association with major controllable risk factors, such as obesity. Body weight, in turn, reflects our behaviors and lifestyle and contributes to the way we perceive ourselves and others. In this study, the authors use data from a large (N = 1,988) longitudinal study that spanned more than 50 years to examine how personality traits are associated with multiple measures of adiposity and with fluctuations in body mass index (BMI). Using 14,531 anthropometric assessments, the authors modeled the trajectory of BMI across adulthood and tested whether personality predicted its rate ...


The Massachusetts Ru4kids Study: Using Evidence To Improve Medicaid Mental Health Services For Massachusetts Children And Youth, Joanne Nicholson, Laurel K. Leslie, Susan Maciolek 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Massachusetts Ru4kids Study: Using Evidence To Improve Medicaid Mental Health Services For Massachusetts Children And Youth, Joanne Nicholson, Laurel K. Leslie, Susan Maciolek

Psychiatry Information in Brief

Research on effective child and adolescent mental health interventions has grown significantly over the past two decades. Through the Children’s Behavioral Health Initiative (CBHI), Massachusetts policy makers, provider agencies, and advocacy groups are engaged in activities and decision-making on a daily basis that may involve the use of research evidence. The Massachusetts Research Use 4KIDS Study will examine the ways in which research evidence comes into play as children’s mental health services are transformed and implemented in the provider community.

Originally published as: Research in the Works, Issue 4, 2011.


Digital Commons powered by bepress