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Long-Term Outcomes In Borderline Psychopathology: Old Assumptions, Current Findings, And New Directions, Charles A. Sanislow, Katherine L. Marcus, Elizabeth M. Reagan 2012 Wesleyan University

Long-Term Outcomes In Borderline Psychopathology: Old Assumptions, Current Findings, And New Directions, Charles A. Sanislow, Katherine L. Marcus, Elizabeth M. Reagan

Charles A. Sanislow

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and historical variants of the diagnosis were long held to represent an intractable syndrome of psychopathology consisting of interpersonal, intrapsychic, and affective disturbances. For years, patients labeled “borderline” were regarded pejoratively due at least in part to the lack of effective treatments. Prospective data from recent naturalistic follow-along studies along with the development of treatments with empirically demonstrated efficacy have changed how BPD is viewed. It is now less common to hide the diagnosis from the patient, and BPD has become a useful label to guide the treatment process and help the patient make sense of ...


Interpersonal Pathoplasticity In The Course Of Major Depression, Nicole M. Cain, Emily B. Ansell, Aidan G. C. Wright, Christopher J. Hopwood, Katherine M. Thomas, Anthony Pinto, John C. Markowitz, Charles A. Sanislow, Mary C. Zanarini, M. Tracie Shea, Leslie C. Morey, Thomas H. McGlashan, Andrew E. Skodol, Carlos M. Grilo 2012 Long Island University - Brooklyn Campus

Interpersonal Pathoplasticity In The Course Of Major Depression, Nicole M. Cain, Emily B. Ansell, Aidan G. C. Wright, Christopher J. Hopwood, Katherine M. Thomas, Anthony Pinto, John C. Markowitz, Charles A. Sanislow, Mary C. Zanarini, M. Tracie Shea, Leslie C. Morey, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Andrew E. Skodol, Carlos M. Grilo

Charles A. Sanislow

Objective: The identification of reliable predictors of course in major depressive disorder (MDD) has been difficult. Evidence suggests that the co-occurrence of personality pathology is associated with longer time to MDD remission. Interpersonal pathoplasticity, the mutually influencing nonetiological relationship between psychopathology and interpersonal traits, offers an avenue for examining specific personality vulnerabilities that may be associated with depressive course. Method: This study examined 312 participants with and without a cooccurring personality disorder diagnosis who met criteria for a current MDD episode at baseline and who were followed for 10 years in the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study. Results: Latent profile ...


Implications For The Use Of Token Economies In Physical Education: A Literature Review, Andrew E. Alstot 2012 Pacific University

Implications For The Use Of Token Economies In Physical Education: A Literature Review, Andrew E. Alstot

All CAS Faculty Scholarship

Token economies have been shown effective and useful within behaviour analysis and general educational literature. However, despite several recommendations for the use of token reinforcement within physical education and the documented effectiveness of token systems applied in physical activity settings, little research has examined these systems specifically within a physical education context. The following review examines the existing literature that applies token systems in physical activity situations. Based on the findings from these studies, paired with the recommended uses in physical education, it can be concluded that token systems may be a useful tool for physical educators. However, further research ...


Data Sharing In Neuroimaging Research, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Janis L. Breeze, Satrajit Ghosh, Krzysztof Gorgolewski, Yaroslav O. Halchenko, Michael Hanke, Christian Haselgrove, Karl G. Helmer, David B. Keator, Daniel S. Marcus, Russell A. Poldrack, Yannick Schwartz, John Ashburner, David N. Kennedy 2012 Neurospin

Data Sharing In Neuroimaging Research, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Janis L. Breeze, Satrajit Ghosh, Krzysztof Gorgolewski, Yaroslav O. Halchenko, Michael Hanke, Christian Haselgrove, Karl G. Helmer, David B. Keator, Daniel S. Marcus, Russell A. Poldrack, Yannick Schwartz, John Ashburner, David N. Kennedy

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

Significant resources around the world have been invested in neuroimaging studies of brain function and disease. Easier access to this large body of work should have profound impact on research in cognitive neuroscience and psychiatry, leading to advances in the diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric and neurological disease. A trend toward increased sharing of neuroimaging data has emerged in recent years. Nevertheless, a number of barriers continue to impede momentum. Many researchers and institutions remain uncertain about how to share data or lack the tools and expertise to participate in data sharing. The use of electronic data capture (EDC) methods ...


Introducing A Systematic Approach To Clozapine Monitoring In A Community (Adult) Mental Health Service, Izu Nwachukwu 2012 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Introducing A Systematic Approach To Clozapine Monitoring In A Community (Adult) Mental Health Service, Izu Nwachukwu

Masters theses/dissertations - taught courses

Change management is now considered a core managerial competency. Under the fiscal and regulatory environment that currently applies, healthcare managers and professionals must be competent in initiating, guiding and managing change to drive efficient and effective delivery of care.

This dissertation describes a successful journey through a planned change effort. An evidence-based approach to monitoring adverse effects of clozapine was implemented in a Community (Adult) Mental health Team. Clozapine has the sole license for treatment-resistant schizophrenia, but has been associated with several potentially life-threatening adverse effects. Accumulating evidence suggests that not enough attention is paid to recognising and addressing these ...


Transformation Of Stimulus Function Through Relational Networks: The Impact Of Derived Stimulus Relations On Stimulus Control Of Behavior, Samantha Rose Florentino 2012 University of South Florida

Transformation Of Stimulus Function Through Relational Networks: The Impact Of Derived Stimulus Relations On Stimulus Control Of Behavior, Samantha Rose Florentino

Graduate School Theses and Dissertations

Relational Frame Theory research involves either of two protocols utilized to establish relational networks and functions for stimuli in those relational networks. Years of research indicate the most prevalent method involves first establishing a relational frame, conditioning one of the stimuli to acquire a particular function, and then providing a test to see if the function trained to one of the stimuli in the network transferred through the relational network to other stimuli. The less common method involves first training a particular function for a stimulus, entering that stimulus in a relational network with at least two other stimuli, and ...


Aids Manual, constantions Papageorgiou, Charis P. Kaite, Despina Michaelidou 2012 Educator

Aids Manual, Constantions Papageorgiou, Charis P. Kaite, Despina Michaelidou

Charis P. Kaite

Στα πλαίσια αυτού του οδηγού, χρησιμοποιείται ως βάση εκπαίδευσης η ανεπίσημη μάθηση και η εκπαίδευση ομότιμων. Διαδικασίες στις οποίες καλά εκπαιδευμένοι νέοι αναλαμβάνουν εκπαιδευτικές δραστηριότητες με τους ομότιμους. Ο ομότιμος θεωρείται το άτομο το οποίο ανήκει στην ίδια κοινωνική ομάδα με ένα άλλο άτομο ή ομάδα. Η κοινωνική ομάδα μπορεί να βασίζεται στην ηλικία, το φύλο, τον σεξουαλικό προσανατολισμό, το επάγγελμα και άλλους παράγοντες. Η εκπαίδευση αναφέρεται στην ανάπτυξη των γνώσεων, πιστεύω, συμπεριφορών, στάσεων ενός ατόμου ως αποτέλεσμα της διαδικασίας μάθησης. Η εκπαίδευση ομότιμων εφαρμόζεται ευρέως σε προγράμματα πρόληψης για τον ιό του HIV/AIDS αλλά και σε προγράμματα σεξουαλικής ...


Prevalence Of Psychotic Symptoms In Childhood And Adolescence: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Population-Based Studies., Ian Kelleher, Dearbhla Connor, Mary C. Clarke, Nina Devlin, Michelle Harley, Mary Cannon 2012 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Prevalence Of Psychotic Symptoms In Childhood And Adolescence: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Population-Based Studies., Ian Kelleher, Dearbhla Connor, Mary C. Clarke, Nina Devlin, Michelle Harley, Mary Cannon

Psychiatry Articles

BACKGROUND: Psychotic symptoms occur more frequently in the general population than psychotic disorder and index risk for psychopathology. Multiple studies have reported on the prevalence of these symptoms using self-report questionnaires or clinical interviews but there is a lack of consensus about the prevalence of psychotic symptoms among children and adolescents.MethodWe conducted a systematic review of all published literature on psychotic symptom prevalence in two age groups, children aged 9-12 years and adolescents aged 13-18 years, searching through electronic databases PubMed, Ovid Medline, PsycINFO and EMBASE up to June 2011, and extracted prevalence rates. RESULTS: We identified 19 population ...


Hud-Vash Resource Guide For Permanent Housing And Clinical Care, U. S. Veterans Administration National Center on Homelessness Among Veterans, Marsha Langer Ellison, David Kalman, Stephanie Rodrigues, Leon Sawh, David A. Smelson, Douglas M. Ziedonis 2012 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hud-Vash Resource Guide For Permanent Housing And Clinical Care, U. S. Veterans Administration National Center On Homelessness Among Veterans, Marsha Langer Ellison, David Kalman, Stephanie Rodrigues, Leon Sawh, David A. Smelson, Douglas M. Ziedonis

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

The Department of Housing and Urban Development – VA Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) Program is a joint effort between HUD and VA to move Veterans and their families out of homelessness and into permanent housing. The HUD-VASH Resource Guide for Permanent Housing and Clinical Care was designed to provide case managers, and other who work with homeless Veterans in the HUD-VASH program, with a comprehensive set of resources to assist in addressing the multifaceted needs of homeless Veterans. The Resource Guide is a product of the National Center on Homelessness Among Veterans and was developed by a dynamic team of researchers, policy ...


Increasing Task Engagement In An Individual With Autism, Jessica Paredes 2012 Northeastern University

Increasing Task Engagement In An Individual With Autism, Jessica Paredes

Applied Behavioral Analysis Master's Theses

A systematic replication of previous research by Leif et el (2008) evaluated the effects of prompts and DRA components on appropriate independent task engagement in a participant that engaged in high rates of noncompliance. Results extend previous findings that the use of prompts and DRA schedules increase appropriate engagement. Additionally, current study was able to pair DRA schedule with a timer which aided in increasing amount of time participant independently engaged with task.


Training Deictic Relational Responding In People With Schizophrenia, John O'neill 2012 University of South Florida

Training Deictic Relational Responding In People With Schizophrenia, John O'Neill

Graduate School Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend recent findings in the functional contextual literature by 1) establishing complex deictic relational responding skills in 3 persons diagnosed with Schizophrenia and mild-moderate Mental Retardation and 2) assessing generalization through pre and post-instructional measures of Social Anhedonia and Theory of Mind functioning. Results suggest that increasingly complex levels of deictic relational responses were acquired and mastered by all 3 participants and that generalization extended to the Deceptive Container Task (ToM levels 4 & 5) and Hinting Task. Support is provided for the notion that perspective taking skills might be shaped through ...


An Evaluation Of Reactivity To Observer Presence While Self-Monitoring To Improve Swimming Performance, Sara Wendi Schonwetter 2012 University of South Florida

An Evaluation Of Reactivity To Observer Presence While Self-Monitoring To Improve Swimming Performance, Sara Wendi Schonwetter

Graduate School Theses and Dissertations

The current study evaluated the effects of self-monitoring by swimmers to improve their performance at practice and assessed the effects of reactivity to observer presence on their performance. Additionally, it investigated the accuracy of the swimmers' self-reports. Seven public high school swim team members used program boards to self-monitor in order to increase the number of assigned laps completed at practice. Reactivity to observer presence was assessed by having a confederate record the number of laps completed during observer absent conditions. A series of AB replications and an ABAB reversal design were used. The percentage of assigned laps completed increased ...


Using A Goal-Setting And Feedback Procedure To Increase Running Distance, Stephanie Wack 2012 University of South Florida

Using A Goal-Setting And Feedback Procedure To Increase Running Distance, Stephanie Wack

Graduate School Theses and Dissertations

Goal-setting procedures have been employed in many different sports, and have been shown to be a beneficial component for enhancing sports performance. For this study, a changing-criterion within multiple-baseline design was used to evaluate a multi-component intervention for increasing running distance for five healthy adults. The intervention consisted of goal setting with performance feedback. Participants set a short-term goal each week and a long-term goal to achieve upon completion of the study. The study incorporated the use of the NikeTM + SportKit for automated recording of the distance of each run. Results of the current study demonstrated for all participants ...


Social Skills Training For Adolescent Youth: Measurement Of Skill Acquisition, Shannon Koehler 2012 University of South Florida

Social Skills Training For Adolescent Youth: Measurement Of Skill Acquisition, Shannon Koehler

Graduate School Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

This study evaluated the effectiveness of a classroom based training in teaching social skills to four adolescent females between the ages of 13–17 years old and residing in foster care. The training took place over a three week period, one night a week, for three hours at a time and utilized a Behavioral Skills Training format. The assessments were conducted via role play scenarios; pre- and posttraining. The results show each participant demonstrated an overall increase in skills from pretraining to posttraining indicating that youth in foster care were capable of learning the skills taught.


Evaluation Of Preference For Exergames Among Elementary Students, Christie Ann Cacioppo 2012 University of South Florida

Evaluation Of Preference For Exergames Among Elementary Students, Christie Ann Cacioppo

Graduate School Theses and Dissertations

Obesity in children is a nationwide problem. Physical activity is one way to help children stay fit and prevent obesity. Unfortunately, access to technology involving sedentary behavior is easier than ever. Fortunately, for this generation of students there is a way to combine physical activity and technology through exergaming. In order to encourage students to participate in exergaming, the students should be able to play games they prefer. The purpose of this study was to apply a paired choice preference assessment, rank order card sort, and social validity surveys to determine the preference order of six exergames for six elementary ...


Training And Assessment Of Toothbrushing Skills Among Children With Special Needs, Rachel A. Brown 2012 RBrown519@gmail.com

Training And Assessment Of Toothbrushing Skills Among Children With Special Needs, Rachel A. Brown

Graduate School Theses and Dissertations

The success of applied behavior analysis (ABA) interventions relies heavily on adherence to measures of social importance. One area identified by caregivers, educators, and researchers as having social importance is the area of daily living skills; particularly in populations of children with special needs. A number of studies employed the use of a task analysis to objectively measure toothbrushing, with various training procedures utilized. Behavioral Skills Training (BST) is an effective procedure used to train a variety of skills. Further, research indicates the addition of an in situ assessment promotes generalization of trained skills. The current study examined the use ...


An Evaluation Of The Implementation Of "The Happiest Toddler On The Block" Parenting Strategies By Young Mothers, Amye Elizabeth Bock 2012 University of South Florida

An Evaluation Of The Implementation Of "The Happiest Toddler On The Block" Parenting Strategies By Young Mothers, Amye Elizabeth Bock

Graduate School Theses and Dissertations

Young parents and their children are considered a high-risk population as they are more likely to lack social support networks, have limited access to opportunities to enhance parenting skills, and are often financially dependent. Young children whose mothers have poor parenting skills are more likely to have persistent problem behavior. Three young mothers living in a transitional housing facility participated in this study. The purpose of this study was to determine if these mothers could implement parenting strategies that are a part of a commercially available parenting book and DVD. This study found that: (1) mothers were able to correctly ...


Evaluation Of Video Modeling And In Situ Training To Teach Gun Safety Skills To Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Kelsey Lynn Morgan 2012 University of South Florida

Evaluation Of Video Modeling And In Situ Training To Teach Gun Safety Skills To Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Kelsey Lynn Morgan

Graduate School Theses and Dissertations

Currently, there is no known research on teaching gun safety skills to individuals with developmental disabilities. Research has shown that children typically engage in gunplay behaviors if they find a firearm. These behaviors can lead to unintentional firearm injuries and even death, especially for young children. Previous research has shown the success of video modeling for teaching various skills to individuals with autism. This study examined the effectiveness of video modeling for teaching gun safety skills to three children with autism spectrum disorder, and found that video modeling was effective for one participant, but in situ training was needed to ...


Reintegration Of Child Soldiers In Burundi: A Tracer Study, Mark J.D. Jordans, Ivan H. Komproe, Wietse A. Tol, Aline Ndayisaba, Theodora Nisabwe, Brandon A. Kohrt 2012 HealthNet TPO, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Reintegration Of Child Soldiers In Burundi: A Tracer Study, Mark J.D. Jordans, Ivan H. Komproe, Wietse A. Tol, Aline Ndayisaba, Theodora Nisabwe, Brandon A. Kohrt

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Stigma Of Mental Illness-1: Clinical Reflections, Amresh Srivastava 2012 University of Western Ontario

Stigma Of Mental Illness-1: Clinical Reflections, Amresh Srivastava

Amresh Srivastava

Stigma of Mental Illness-1: Clinical Reflections Amresh Shrivastava*, Megan Johnston**, Yves Bureau*** ABSTRACT Although the quality and effectiveness of mental health treatments and services have improved greatly over the past 50 years, therapeutic revolutions in psychiatry have not yet been able to reduce stigma. Stigma is a risk factor leading to negative mental health outcomes. It is responsible for treatment seeking delays and reduces the likelihood that a mentally ill patient will receive adequate care. It is evident that delay due to stigma can have devastating consequences. This review will discuss the causes and consequences of stigma related to mental ...


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