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Understanding Smoking After Acute Illness: An Application Of The Sentinel Event Method, Erin O'Hea, Beau Abar, Beth Bock, Gretchen Chapman, Edwin Boudreaux 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Understanding Smoking After Acute Illness: An Application Of The Sentinel Event Method, Erin O'Hea, Beau Abar, Beth Bock, Gretchen Chapman, Edwin Boudreaux

Edwin D. Boudreaux

The sentinel event theory provides a stepwise approach for building models to understand how negative events can spark health behaviour change. This study tested a preliminary model using the sentinel events method in a sample (N = 300) of smokers who sought care for acute cardiac symptoms. Patients completed measures on: smoking-related causal attribution, perceived severity of the acute illness event, illness-related fear and intentions to quit smoking. Patients were followed up one week after the health event and a seven-day timeline follow back was completed to determine abstinence from tobacco. Structural equation models were performed using average predictor scale scores ...


A Cluster Randomized Hybrid Type Iii Trial Testing An Implementation Support Strategy To Facilitate The Use Of An Evidence-Based Practice In Va Homeless Programs, David A. Smelson, Matthew Chinman, Sharon McCarthy, Gordon Hannah, Leon Sawh, Mark Glickman 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Cluster Randomized Hybrid Type Iii Trial Testing An Implementation Support Strategy To Facilitate The Use Of An Evidence-Based Practice In Va Homeless Programs, David A. Smelson, Matthew Chinman, Sharon Mccarthy, Gordon Hannah, Leon Sawh, Mark Glickman

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: The Housing and Urban Development-Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program is one of the largest initiatives to end Veteran homelessness. However, mental health and substance use disorders continue to reduce client stability and impede program success. HUD-VASH programs do not consistently employ evidence-based practices that address co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders. This paper presents a study protocol to evaluate the implementation of an evidence-based, co-occurring disorder treatment called Maintaining Independence and Sobriety Through Systems Integration, Outreach, and Networking-Veterans Edition (MISSION-Vet) in HUD-VASH using an implementation strategy called Getting To Outcomes (GTO).

METHODS/DESIGN: In three large VA ...


Psychotherapy In Family Medicine, Saadia N. Hameed 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Psychotherapy In Family Medicine, Saadia N. Hameed

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract

Aim: To explore the perspectives and practice of psychotherapy of family physicians, and analyze Ontario’s mental health policy documents within the context of psychotherapy.

Methods: In the first study descriptive qualitative methodology was used. Eighteen family physicians were interviewed and the results were presented thematically. In the second study, a policy analysis of Ontario’s mental health policy documents was conducted. The qualitative policy analytic methodology of Peter et al. was used.

Findings: Psychotherapy is an effective treatment of mental illness and is practiced by family physicians. Lack of training and time are barriers, while patient needs and ...


Pearl Harvesting Autism, Mariya Gruntovskaya 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Pearl Harvesting Autism, Mariya Gruntovskaya

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis addresses the difficulties of on-line information searching as it relates to the topic of autism. A review of existing search strategies is presented and their limitations are discussed. A new method for deriving a set of search-terms for comprehensive searching, Pearl Harvesting, was tested here to determine the necessary search terms (i.e., synonym ring) for ERIC and PsycINFO databases. Once discovered and validated, a synonym ring can be copied and pasted directly into the search box of the database, providing a simple, thorough and time saving way of conducting on-line research in the field. This easily used ...


A Buddhist-Informed Conceptual Framework For Approaching Difficult Emotions In Psychotherapy, Pamela A. Szczygiel 2015 University of Pennsylvania

A Buddhist-Informed Conceptual Framework For Approaching Difficult Emotions In Psychotherapy, Pamela A. Szczygiel

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Clients often enter psychotherapy with struggles and concerns related to their direct experience of emotion. Though most of the major psychotherapy theories in the West address the general issue of emotion, very few have developed a framework or theory for supporting clients in their direct encounters with difficult feeling states. Since Buddhism is highly experiential and Buddhist philosophy is mainly concerned with the issue of human suffering, its relevance to maneuvering difficult emotions in a clinical context is profound. While the use of Buddhist concepts and practices in mental health treatment in the West has proliferated in recent years, the ...


A Spiritually Trained Brain : The Therapeutic Effects Of Spiritual Practice For Individuals With Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, Amanda Michelle Gvozden 2015 Dickinson College

A Spiritually Trained Brain : The Therapeutic Effects Of Spiritual Practice For Individuals With Temporal Lobe Epilepsy, Amanda Michelle Gvozden

Honors Theses By Year

Mystical experience has had a long history in connection to mental illness, particularly among individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). This project will explore the nature of mystical experience and its incarnations among neuro-typical spiritually active individuals and individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy. Among spiritual practitioners, there are significant beneficial effects including increased relaxation, decreased stress, decreased propensity for certain mental and physical disorders, decreased propensity for anger, increased empathy, and overall increased sense of well-being. However, among individuals with TLE, there are often negative effects associated with their mystical experiences such as uncontrolled anger, uncontrolled anxiety, depression, and higher ...


Mental Noise, Devon O'Brien, Luke Elzinga, Kait McKinney 2015 Iowa State University

Mental Noise, Devon O'Brien, Luke Elzinga, Kait Mckinney

Ethos

College can be a big change from the high school routine, and students deal with stress every day. But at what point do the stresses of school and life become more than just daily struggles? Every day, Heather Rennerfeldt would open her books to study. She would read a few lines, and instantly the panic would set in. Her heart would race and the sweating couldn’t be stopped, either. The only thing Heather could do to end it was shut her book and walk away. But it didn’t stop there. She looked like any other college student, and ...


Rationales That Providers And Family Members Cited For The Use Of Antipsychotic Medications In Nursing Home Residents With Dementia, Alice Bonner, Terry Field, Celeste Lemay, Kathleen Mazor, Daniel Andersen, Christina Compher, Jennifer Tjia, Jerry Gurwitz 2015 Northeastern University

Rationales That Providers And Family Members Cited For The Use Of Antipsychotic Medications In Nursing Home Residents With Dementia, Alice Bonner, Terry Field, Celeste Lemay, Kathleen Mazor, Daniel Andersen, Christina Compher, Jennifer Tjia, Jerry Gurwitz

Jennifer Tjia

OBJECTIVES: To describe the rationales that providers and family members cite for the use of antipsychotic medications in people with dementia living in nursing homes (NHs). DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive study. SETTING: Twenty-six medium-sized and large facilities in five Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services regions. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals diagnosed with dementia who received an antipsychotic medication. MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected from medical record abstraction and interviews with prescribers, administrators, direct care providers, and family members. Textual data from medical record abstraction and responses to open-ended interview questions were analyzed using directed content analysis techniques. A coding scheme was developed, and coded ...


Statin Discontinuation In Nursing Home Residents With Advanced Dementia, Jennifer Tjia, Sarah Cutrona, Daniel Peterson, George Reed, Susan Andrade, Susan Mitchell 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Statin Discontinuation In Nursing Home Residents With Advanced Dementia, Jennifer Tjia, Sarah Cutrona, Daniel Peterson, George Reed, Susan Andrade, Susan Mitchell

Jennifer Tjia

OBJECTIVES: To describe patterns of, and factors associated with, statin use and discontinuation in nursing home (NH) residents progressing to advanced dementia and followed for at least 90 days.

DESIGN: Retrospective inception cohort using a dataset linking 2007 to 2008 Minimum Data Set (MDS) to Medicare denominator and Part D files.

SETTING: All NHs in five states (Minnesota, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, California, Florida).

PARTICIPANTS: NH residents with dementia.

MEASUREMENTS: Residents who developed advanced dementia were observed from baseline (date of progression to very severe cognitive impairment with eating problems) and followed for at least 90 days to statin discontinuation or death ...


Rationales That Providers And Family Members Cited For The Use Of Antipsychotic Medications In Nursing Home Residents With Dementia, Alice Bonner, Terry Field, Celeste Lemay, Kathleen Mazor, Daniel Andersen, Christina Compher, Jennifer Tjia, Jerry Gurwitz 2015 Northeastern University

Rationales That Providers And Family Members Cited For The Use Of Antipsychotic Medications In Nursing Home Residents With Dementia, Alice Bonner, Terry Field, Celeste Lemay, Kathleen Mazor, Daniel Andersen, Christina Compher, Jennifer Tjia, Jerry Gurwitz

Kathleen M. Mazor

OBJECTIVES: To describe the rationales that providers and family members cite for the use of antipsychotic medications in people with dementia living in nursing homes (NHs). DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive study. SETTING: Twenty-six medium-sized and large facilities in five Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services regions. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals diagnosed with dementia who received an antipsychotic medication. MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected from medical record abstraction and interviews with prescribers, administrators, direct care providers, and family members. Textual data from medical record abstraction and responses to open-ended interview questions were analyzed using directed content analysis techniques. A coding scheme was developed, and coded ...


Rationales That Providers And Family Members Cited For The Use Of Antipsychotic Medications In Nursing Home Residents With Dementia, Alice Bonner, Terry Field, Celeste Lemay, Kathleen Mazor, Daniel Andersen, Christina Compher, Jennifer Tjia, Jerry Gurwitz 2015 Northeastern University

Rationales That Providers And Family Members Cited For The Use Of Antipsychotic Medications In Nursing Home Residents With Dementia, Alice Bonner, Terry Field, Celeste Lemay, Kathleen Mazor, Daniel Andersen, Christina Compher, Jennifer Tjia, Jerry Gurwitz

Celeste A. Lemay

OBJECTIVES: To describe the rationales that providers and family members cite for the use of antipsychotic medications in people with dementia living in nursing homes (NHs). DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive study. SETTING: Twenty-six medium-sized and large facilities in five Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services regions. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals diagnosed with dementia who received an antipsychotic medication. MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected from medical record abstraction and interviews with prescribers, administrators, direct care providers, and family members. Textual data from medical record abstraction and responses to open-ended interview questions were analyzed using directed content analysis techniques. A coding scheme was developed, and coded ...


Rationales That Providers And Family Members Cited For The Use Of Antipsychotic Medications In Nursing Home Residents With Dementia, Alice Bonner, Terry Field, Celeste Lemay, Kathleen Mazor, Daniel Andersen, Christina Compher, Jennifer Tjia, Jerry Gurwitz 2015 Northeastern University

Rationales That Providers And Family Members Cited For The Use Of Antipsychotic Medications In Nursing Home Residents With Dementia, Alice Bonner, Terry Field, Celeste Lemay, Kathleen Mazor, Daniel Andersen, Christina Compher, Jennifer Tjia, Jerry Gurwitz

Jerry H. Gurwitz

OBJECTIVES: To describe the rationales that providers and family members cite for the use of antipsychotic medications in people with dementia living in nursing homes (NHs). DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive study. SETTING: Twenty-six medium-sized and large facilities in five Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services regions. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals diagnosed with dementia who received an antipsychotic medication. MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected from medical record abstraction and interviews with prescribers, administrators, direct care providers, and family members. Textual data from medical record abstraction and responses to open-ended interview questions were analyzed using directed content analysis techniques. A coding scheme was developed, and coded ...


Statin Discontinuation In Nursing Home Residents With Advanced Dementia, Jennifer Tjia, Sarah Cutrona, Daniel Peterson, George Reed, Susan Andrade, Susan Mitchell 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Statin Discontinuation In Nursing Home Residents With Advanced Dementia, Jennifer Tjia, Sarah Cutrona, Daniel Peterson, George Reed, Susan Andrade, Susan Mitchell

Sarah L. Cutrona

OBJECTIVES: To describe patterns of, and factors associated with, statin use and discontinuation in nursing home (NH) residents progressing to advanced dementia and followed for at least 90 days.

DESIGN: Retrospective inception cohort using a dataset linking 2007 to 2008 Minimum Data Set (MDS) to Medicare denominator and Part D files.

SETTING: All NHs in five states (Minnesota, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, California, Florida).

PARTICIPANTS: NH residents with dementia.

MEASUREMENTS: Residents who developed advanced dementia were observed from baseline (date of progression to very severe cognitive impairment with eating problems) and followed for at least 90 days to statin discontinuation or death ...


Nonsuicidal Self-Injury, Suicidal Thoughts And Suicide Attempts Among Sexual Minority Youth In Ireland During Their Emerging Adult Years., Emmet Power, Helen Coughlan, Mary Clarke, Ian Kelleher, Fionnuala Lynch, Dearbhla Connor, Carol Fitzpatrick, Michelle Harley, Mary Cannon 2015 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury, Suicidal Thoughts And Suicide Attempts Among Sexual Minority Youth In Ireland During Their Emerging Adult Years., Emmet Power, Helen Coughlan, Mary Clarke, Ian Kelleher, Fionnuala Lynch, Dearbhla Connor, Carol Fitzpatrick, Michelle Harley, Mary Cannon

Psychiatry Articles

AIM: This study aimed to examine whether or not sexual minority youth constitute an at-risk group for nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal ideation or suicide attempts during their emerging adult years.

METHODS: Using data from the Challenging Times Study, a population-based study of psychopathology and suicide in Ireland, analyses were conducted to test the associations between sexual minority status and the odds of any lifetime experience of nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal thoughts or suicide attempts among Irish youth aged 19-24 years.

RESULTS: Sexual minority youth had 6.6-fold (95% CI 1.7-24.7) increased risk of nonsuicidal self-injury, a 5.0-fold (95% CI ...


How Are Therapeutic Professionals Interpreting Ethics In Practice With Migrant Clients?, Madeline A. Brenner 2015 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

How Are Therapeutic Professionals Interpreting Ethics In Practice With Migrant Clients?, Madeline A. Brenner

Art Therapy Counseling Final Research Projects

The research study aimed to understand the praxis of mental health professionals working with immigrant and refugee populations in relation to ethical guidelines and agency protocols. Through practice-led inquiry, seven mental health professionals were interviewed from differing therapeutic backgrounds and orientations; including Marriage and Family Therapy, Clinical Social Work, Counseling, and Art Therapy. The researcher sought to identify how theory of therapeutic professionals differ, where professionals are engaging in culturally competent practice and what impact this has on the therapeutic relationship. Participants identified the key components of a positive therapeutic relationship include trust, cultural competency, approach, presence, as well as ...


Examining Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And The Plight Of Vietnam Veterans, Joe L. Stein 2015 University of Iowa

Examining Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And The Plight Of Vietnam Veterans, Joe L. Stein

Iowa Historical Review

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Emotional Intelligence On Leadership Emergence And Leadership Styles, Grace E. McCullough 2015 Western Kentucky University

The Influence Of Emotional Intelligence On Leadership Emergence And Leadership Styles, Grace E. Mccullough

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

The aim of the current study was to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership emergence and transformational, transactional, and passive-avoidant leadership styles. Prior research has indicated that emotional intelligence is positively correlated with leader effectiveness. However, the relationship between emotional intelligence and additional aspects of leadership and leadership styles has not been thoroughly investigated. The current study hypothesized that emotional intelligence would be positively correlated with leadership emergence, and transformational and transactional leadership styles, and negatively correlated with a passive-avoidant leadership style. Additionally, it was hypothesized that leadership emergence would be positively correlated with transformational and transactional leadership ...


Is Younger Really Better? Age Differences In Emotion Perception, Kaitlyn Snyder 2015 Western Kentucky University

Is Younger Really Better? Age Differences In Emotion Perception, Kaitlyn Snyder

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Previous research suggests that younger adults outperform older adults on emotion-matching tasks because emotion recognition ability declines with age. These studies involved tasks in which participants identified a target emotion by selecting from multiple verbal labels. The use of multiple verbal labels placed great cognitive demand on participants, influencing the results that were found in such studies. In the present study, a computer emotion-matching task was used to determine differences between younger and older adults when presented with a target stimulus expressing one of five emotions (anger, fear, disgust, happiness, and sadness) and asked to match the target emotion to ...


A Critical Evaluation Of Selective Attention Measures, Hannah K. Wilson 2015 Western Kentucky University

A Critical Evaluation Of Selective Attention Measures, Hannah K. Wilson

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Selective attention is comprised of two simultaneous processes—the inhibition of distractors and the focus of attention on target stimuli; yet, many existing selective attention measures only measure one aspect of selective attention. This leads to a high possibility of Type I errors as high interference control or high working memory capacity may be mistaken for high selective attention. This paper proposes several criteria for high construct validity and external validity in selective attention measures.

Concerning construct validity, the test must allow participants to exercise selective attention, adequately measure the level of attention to the distractor stimuli, and adequately measure ...


Antipsychotic Polypharmacy At Admission Predicts Extended Length Of Stay Among State Hospital Inpatients, Jeffrey Lacasse 2015 Florida State University

Antipsychotic Polypharmacy At Admission Predicts Extended Length Of Stay Among State Hospital Inpatients, Jeffrey Lacasse

Jeffrey R Lacasse

No abstract provided.


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