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Awareness Through The Senses: A Multisensory Approach To Improvisation, Angelica Grace Falcinelli 2015 Sarah Lawrence College

Awareness Through The Senses: A Multisensory Approach To Improvisation, Angelica Grace Falcinelli

Dance/Movement Therapy Theses

This paper will discuss some of the artistic practices of dance improvisers which can be utilized to enhance sensory awareness. Similarities to witnessing internal experience derived from Authentic Movement practice are utilized to connect the artistic to the clinical experience. Artistic practices related to as well as neuro biological function of several sensory systems of the body are discussed to present some of the benefits and challenges to increasing awareness of these various senses. Clinical application of the material for select populations is also discussed.


Connections Through Movement: A Case Study Of An Adolescent Boy With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Alyssa Rachel Infranco 2015 Sarah Lawrence College

Connections Through Movement: A Case Study Of An Adolescent Boy With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Alyssa Rachel Infranco

Dance/Movement Therapy Theses

This thesis uses a case study format to examine the use of dance/movement therapy with an adolescent boy with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It provides background information on ASD and the effectiveness of dance/movement therapy with this population. The case material focuses on forming a trusting relationship, discusses specific movement activities and approaches, and evaluates the child’s progress throughout the movement sessions. Children with disabilities often need extra support from their families when growing up. Specifically, children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have difficulties forming relationships and changing repetitive behaviors. Utilizing dance/movement therapy techniques and movement ...


Dance/Movement Therapy And Tai Chi For Seniors With Dementia, Elissaveta Iordanova 2015 Sarah Lawrence College

Dance/Movement Therapy And Tai Chi For Seniors With Dementia, Elissaveta Iordanova

Dance/Movement Therapy Theses

This thesis examines the integration of Tai Chi movements into a dance/movement therapy group with members of an adult care community who have been diagnosed with dementia. Information is provided on the origins, concepts and movement principles of Tai Chi. A brief analysis of existing research supports the application of Tai Chi movement principles in dance/movement therapy treatment for the elderly with dementia. The application of Tai Chi in dance/movement therapy sessions is as an integrated and adapted form, in which the movements follow the traditional conceptual frame, characteristics and elements, but are specifically designed to meet ...


Dance/Movement Therapy With Blind And Visually Impaired Children In Nepal, Hideki Takahashi 2015 Sarah Lawrence College

Dance/Movement Therapy With Blind And Visually Impaired Children In Nepal, Hideki Takahashi

Dance/Movement Therapy Theses

This study was based on an intervention done with twenty-four blind and visually impaired Nepalese children using Dance/Movement Therapy (DMT). Since this was the first DMT intervention offered to them, the study focused on their response to DMT. The children were videotaped in their interactions, and interviewed about their experience and participation. The participants were selected through purposive sampling, divided in three age groups, and observed over the span of eight consecutive days. The sessions lasted between 30 and 60 minutes, during which the different groups were involved in several activities. The dance/movement therapy sessions were well received ...


Liturgical Dance: A Dance/Movement Therapy Treatment Modality To Build Resilience, Jana Élise Taylor 2015 Sarah Lawrence College

Liturgical Dance: A Dance/Movement Therapy Treatment Modality To Build Resilience, Jana Élise Taylor

Dance/Movement Therapy Theses

The purpose of this thesis was to promote the understanding of liturgical dance, explore how liturgical dance can be integrated into a dance/movement therapy session, and determine whether elements of liturgical dance can be used in a clinical setting to support resilience, especially with African-American children who are dealing the effects of complex trauma. To further the goal of building resilience for children with complex trauma, a dance/movement therapy intervention was developed using movement themes of liturgical dance to address five developmental domains. Goals focused on developing self-awareness, impulse control, boundaries, problem-solving, and physical health. A discussion of ...


Dance/Movement Therapy At An After School Program For At Risk Adolescent Girls In Yonkers, New York, Sarah Zichi 2015 Sarah Lawrence College

Dance/Movement Therapy At An After School Program For At Risk Adolescent Girls In Yonkers, New York, Sarah Zichi

Dance/Movement Therapy Theses

This thesis examines how the addition of dance/movement therapy affected the participants of an afterschool program hosted by The Mary J. Blige Center for Women and Girls in Yonkers, New York. A brief history of the city of Yonkers, focusing on the impact of political changes on the socioeconomic divide, is provided, as is a discussion of Mary J. Blige’s experiences growing up in this urban environment and her decision to open a center for women and children. Through a review of the literature, the effectiveness of afterschool programs in teaching adolescents life skills, building positive and trusting ...


Maternal Obesity And Incidence Of Depression, Caroline A. Habjan 2015 Syracuse University

Maternal Obesity And Incidence Of Depression, Caroline A. Habjan

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

Obesity is a national epidemic in the United States, which both directly and indirectly affects the social productivity of individuals, the American macro economy and individuals’ personal health and well being. Depression often interferes with an individual’s ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy life. A maternal state of both obesity and depression may cause serious adverse medical conditions in the mother’s child. Taking steps to treat depression and obesity are critical in the construct of modern medicine. This project yields results that have the potential to make treatment options better tailored, more efficient, effective and economically-sound ...


Depression And Spiritual Predictors Of Wellness In Family Caregivers Of Individuals With Alzheimer’S Disease, Christine Green 2015 George Fox University

Depression And Spiritual Predictors Of Wellness In Family Caregivers Of Individuals With Alzheimer’S Disease, Christine Green

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

This study investigated the role of spirituality in family caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer’s disease as a means of lessening the development of depressive symptomology arising through caregiver burden. For this study, there were 41 caregiver participants taking care of a family member with Alzheimer’s disease. The population was obtained through various divisions of the Alzheimer’s Association of the United States of America. Participants completed a basic demographic survey, the General Well-Being Schedule, the Patient Health Questionnaire- 9, and the Spiritual Experience Index. Two groups, religious and non-religious, had their mental health functioning compared. Results from the ...


An Image's Processor, Brendan Van Gorder 2015 University of Pennsylvania

An Image's Processor, Brendan Van Gorder

Undergraduate Humanities Forum 2014-2015: Color

This research experiments with a new method of visual data analysis. Through this method, which images receive greater processing attention depends on what is important and interesting to the viewer’s mind, instead of how the data is presented. From the standpoint of this study, what visual input is important and interesting for the mind depends upon memory structure. Based on current cognition theory, memory structure is comprised of what specific concepts are wired together and fired together when a certain input is received. In analyzing visual input that should activate many different memory associations, this study seeks to investigate ...


Clozapine For Treatment-Resistant Bipolar Disorder: A Systematic Review, Xian-Bin Li, Yi-Lang Tang, Chuan-Yue Wang, Jose de Leon 2015 Capital Medical University, China

Clozapine For Treatment-Resistant Bipolar Disorder: A Systematic Review, Xian-Bin Li, Yi-Lang Tang, Chuan-Yue Wang, Jose De Leon

Psychiatry Faculty Publications

Objective

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of clozapine for treatment-resistant bipolar disorder (TRBD).

Methods

A systematic review of randomized controlled studies, open-label prospective studies, and retrospective studies of patients with TRBD was carried out. Interventions included clozapine monotherapy or clozapine combined with other medications. Outcome measures were efficacy and adverse drug reactions (ADRs).

Results

Fifteen clinical trials with a total sample of 1,044 patients met the inclusion criteria. Clozapine monotherapy or clozapine combined with other treatments for TRBD was associated with improvement in: (i) symptoms of mania, depression, rapid cycling, and psychotic symptoms, with many patients with TRBD ...


Caffeine Consumption In A Long-Term Psychiatric Hospital: Tobacco Smoking May Explain In Large Part The Apparent Association Between Schizophrenia And Caffeine Use, Manuel Arrojo-Romero, Carmen Armas Barbazán, Javier D. López-Moriñigo, Ramón Ramos-Rios, Manuel Gurpegui, José M. Martinez-Ortega, Dolores Jurado, Francisco J. Diaz, Jose de Leon 2015 Gallegan Health System, Spain

Caffeine Consumption In A Long-Term Psychiatric Hospital: Tobacco Smoking May Explain In Large Part The Apparent Association Between Schizophrenia And Caffeine Use, Manuel Arrojo-Romero, Carmen Armas Barbazán, Javier D. López-Moriñigo, Ramón Ramos-Rios, Manuel Gurpegui, José M. Martinez-Ortega, Dolores Jurado, Francisco J. Diaz, Jose De Leon

Psychiatry Faculty Publications

This study further explores the association between schizophrenia and caffeine use by combining two prior published Spanish samples (250 schizophrenia outpatients and 290 controls from the general population) with two Spanish long-term inpatient samples from the same hospital (145 with schizophrenia and 64 with other severe mental illnesses). The specific aims were to establish whether or not, after controlling for confounders including tobacco smoking, the association between schizophrenia and caffeine is consistent across schizophrenia samples and across different definitions of caffeine use. The frequency of caffeine use in schizophrenia inpatients was not significantly higher than that in non-schizophrenia inpatients (77 ...


The Role Of Attention In Ego-Depletion, Garrett Pollert 2015 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Role Of Attention In Ego-Depletion, Garrett Pollert

Theses and Dissertations

The resource model of ego-depletion is unable to account for the results of several ego-depletion studies, whereas a recent mechanistic revision by Inzlicht and Schmeichel (2012) has focused on the role of attention and motivation in an effort to explain the phenomenon. Assessment of attention's role in restrained and unrestrained eaters may provide evidence that motivation and attention work in tandem to affect one's ability to exert self-control. In this experiment, college-aged females participated in two studies to examine the role of attention in ego-depletion effects. Study 1 evaluated the effect of ego depletion on attention via a ...


Oscillatory Activity In The Subthalamic Nucleus And Motor Cortex In A Pharmacological Model Of Parkinsonian Tremor, Aileen F. Haque 2015 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Oscillatory Activity In The Subthalamic Nucleus And Motor Cortex In A Pharmacological Model Of Parkinsonian Tremor, Aileen F. Haque

Honors Scholar Theses

Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is a motor disorder with symptoms including resting tremor, akinesia, bradykinesia, and rigidity. A major neuropathological feature of PD is degeneration of nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) neurons. The resulting DA depletions lead to the production of severe motor deficits. Pharmacological agents that reduce DA transmission can also induce these motor abnormalities. In addition to the involvement of DA, drugs acting on acetylcholine, namely cholinomimetics, can induce or exacerbate Parkinsonian symptoms. In humans, one of the main motor symptoms associated with PD is resting tremor, occurring at a frequency of 3-7 Hz. This can be modeled in rodents ...


Distinguishing Originality From Creativity In Adhd: An Assessment Of Creative Personality, Self-Perception, And Cognitive Style Among Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Adults, Jean-Pierre J. Issa 2015 Buffalo State College

Distinguishing Originality From Creativity In Adhd: An Assessment Of Creative Personality, Self-Perception, And Cognitive Style Among Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Adults, Jean-Pierre J. Issa

Creative Studies Graduate Student Master's Theses

Debates over whether Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) relates to high levels of creativity have been hampered by a lack of rigor when defining creativity. The purpose of the present study was to go beyond the rhetoric by empirically investigating creative personality, creative self-perception, and cognitive style among 49 ADHD adults. Comparative analysis to studies of non-ADHD samples revealed distinctive tendencies: A mean group score of 115.71 (SD=18.02) on the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory (KAI) indicated preferences for originality, nonconformity, paradigm-breaking, and low efficiency that was over one standard deviation higher than average non-ADHD population scores. Combined inattentive/hyperactiveimpulsive ...


Increasing Physical Activity In Young Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Katherine B. LaLonde 2015 Western Michigan University

Increasing Physical Activity In Young Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Katherine B. Lalonde

Dissertations

Experts recommend that individuals walk 10,000 steps or more per day and doing so has been shown to have several health benefits. Unfortunately, many people fall short of 10,000 steps per day. Exercise levels are characteristically lower in people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) than in people without ASD. The present study comprised two experiments that used goal setting and reinforcement to increase physical activity in young adults with ASD. The first study employed a multiple-baseline-across-participants design in combination with a reversal design to determine the effects of a treatment package on the number of daily steps taken ...


Effect Of Sensory Cues On Hand Hygiene Habits Among A Diverse Workforce In Food Service, Robert Pellegrino 2015 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effect Of Sensory Cues On Hand Hygiene Habits Among A Diverse Workforce In Food Service, Robert Pellegrino

Theses and Dissertations

Poor hand hygiene is a leading cause of foodborne illnesses in the foodservice industry. A series of complex motivational interventions must be employed to permanently change the behavior of workers, to increase their compliance and sustain appropriate levels of proper hand hygiene. Unlike the healthcare industry, which uses large, costly multi-modal behavior modification strategies, the foodservice industry must deploy rapid, cost-efficient strategies that are focus on accommodating these goals with the constraints of high employee turnover rates and diverse demographics. This research was twofold, 1) examining differences in emotions and hand hygiene behavior among participants of two cultures when handling ...


Failure To Launch? Understanding Variations In Emerging Adult Flight Patterns, Christina Ashley Williams 2015 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Failure To Launch? Understanding Variations In Emerging Adult Flight Patterns, Christina Ashley Williams

Theses and Dissertations

What does the transition to adulthood look like for emerging adults? This study proposes that popular cultural ideas like "failure to launch" imply an oversimplified dichotomy that does not account for the multiple "flight patterns" into adulthood. Focusing on the narratives of six interview cases selected from the larger sample of interviewees from Wave 4 of the National Study of Youth and Religion and drawing on the quantitative data from the broader survey sample, this mixed-methods approach examines in-depth, narrative experiences and the ways structural barriers vary between upper-middle, lower-middle, and working class emerging adults. We find that emerging adulthood ...


The Essence Of Morality: A Teleological-Formalist Conception Of Moral Progress, Daniel L. Zhang 2015 University of Pennsylvania

The Essence Of Morality: A Teleological-Formalist Conception Of Moral Progress, Daniel L. Zhang

Honors Theses (PPE)

This thesis considers the problem of how people should deal with moral change. I examine various conceptions of morality and induce the essence of morality, or the set of formal features that is fundamental to all moralities. In particular, I claim that the essence of morality consists of four features: (1) it performs some function (namely, solving the problem of cooperation); (2) it is prescriptive; (3) it is regarded as universalized; and (4) it is regarded as possessing overriding authority over other normative systems. From this, I derive a metamorality or standard of moral progress with which to evaluate moral ...


The Flip-Side To Readmission: Focused After-Care, Amresh Srivastava 2015 University of Western Ontario

The Flip-Side To Readmission: Focused After-Care, Amresh Srivastava

Amresh Srivastava

paper 1. Suicidality in hospitalized early psychosis patients at time of discharge

The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence and nature of suicidal risk among early psychosis patients at the time of discharge from hospital. Is it only related to the involvement of a suicidal attempt at admission? Thirty such patients, who were admitted after a suicide attempt were compared with 30 patients similarly diagnosed, but admitted for clinical reasons not involving a suicide attempt. Dependent measures of psychopathology, adjustment and suicidality were used. It was found that the two groups did not differ in suicidality, which ...


Assessment Practices For Undergraduate Psychology: A Model Perspective, R. Landrum, Maureen McCarthy 2015 Boise State University

Assessment Practices For Undergraduate Psychology: A Model Perspective, R. Landrum, Maureen Mccarthy

R. Eric Landrum

More than one million students earned a bachelor's degree in psychology over the course of the past 13 years, and the popularity of psychology as an undergraduate degree continues to grow. If the number of students majoring in psychology continues to increase at comparable rates, an additional one million psychology majors will graduate over the course of the next decade (National Center for Education Statistics, 2011). In other words, our graduates, armed with scientific reasoning skills (Halonen, Bosack, Clay, & McCarthy, 2003) will be psychologically literate citizens positioned to convey the core elements of the discipline to the larger population ...


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