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A Television In The Bedroom Is Associated With Higher Weekday Screen Time Among Youth With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Add/Adhd), Charmaine Lo, Molly Waring, Sherry Pagoto, Stephenie Lemon 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Television In The Bedroom Is Associated With Higher Weekday Screen Time Among Youth With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Add/Adhd), Charmaine Lo, Molly Waring, Sherry Pagoto, Stephenie Lemon

Stephenie C. Lemon

OBJECTIVE: A TV in the bedroom has been associated with screen time in youth. Youth with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD) have higher rates of screen time, but associations with bedroom TVs are unknown in this population. We examined the association of having a bedroom TV with screen time among youth with ADD/ADHD. METHODS: Data were from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. Youth 6-17 years whose parent/guardian reported a physician's diagnosis of ADD/ADHD (n = 7,024) were included in the analysis. Parents/guardians reported the presence of a bedroom TV and average ...


Tobacco Counseling Experience Prior To Starting Medical School, Tobacco Treatment Self-Efficacy And Knowledge Among First-Year Medical Students In The United States, Rui Sherry Xiao, Rashelle Hayes, Molly Waring, Alan Geller, Linda Churchill, Kolawole Okuyemi, Michael Adams, Kathryn Huggett, Judith Ockene 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Tobacco Counseling Experience Prior To Starting Medical School, Tobacco Treatment Self-Efficacy And Knowledge Among First-Year Medical Students In The United States, Rui Sherry Xiao, Rashelle Hayes, Molly Waring, Alan Geller, Linda Churchill, Kolawole Okuyemi, Michael Adams, Kathryn Huggett, Judith Ockene

Rashelle B. Hayes

OBJECTIVE: To explore students' tobacco dependence counseling experiences prior to medical school and their associations with tobacco counseling self-efficacy, and familiarity with and perceived effectiveness of tobacco dependence treatment among first-year medical students in the United States. METHOD: In 2010, 1266 first-year medical students from 10 US medical schools completed a survey reporting their clinical experiences with specific tobacco counseling skills (e.g., 5As) prior to medical school. The survey also included questions on tobacco counseling self-efficacy, perceived physician impact on smokers, and familiarity and effectiveness of tobacco-related treatments. RESULTS: Half (50.4%) reported some tobacco counseling experiences prior to ...


The Challenges Of Conducting International Public Health Research: Data Collection Lessons From The Field, Caroline Kuo 2015 Brown University

The Challenges Of Conducting International Public Health Research: Data Collection Lessons From The Field, Caroline Kuo

University of Massachusetts and New England Area Librarian e-Science Symposium

Caroline Kuo, DPhil, MPhil, is Assistant Professor, Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University. She spoke about the data collection and data management challenges encountered in her research.


Mental Health Care Screening And Care Coordination During Pregnancy And Postpartum For Women Veterans, Kristin Mattocks 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Mental Health Care Screening And Care Coordination During Pregnancy And Postpartum For Women Veterans, Kristin Mattocks

Kristin M. Mattocks

Introduction to the January 2015 issue of Journal of Women's Health.


Sexual Orientation Competence: Psychologists’ Perceived Competence And Relationships To Multicultural Competence, Training, Engagement, And Exposure To Lesbian, Gay, And Bisexual Individuals, Marty Cooper 2015 SUNY College at Old Westbury

Sexual Orientation Competence: Psychologists’ Perceived Competence And Relationships To Multicultural Competence, Training, Engagement, And Exposure To Lesbian, Gay, And Bisexual Individuals, Marty Cooper

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Attitudes toward sexual orientation, specifically towards those who identify as lesbians, gay men, and bisexual (LGB) individuals, have varied temporally. Given the pervasiveness of heterosexism in American culture, it becomes quite important to understand if we, as psychologists, could unintentionally create heterosexist environments with our clients. This study looked at the following research question: What are the unique contributions of the predictor variables: exposure to persons of sexual minority status, training experience in sexual minority populations, perceived multicultural competence, and engagement in sexual minority specialization and practice to the criterion variable perceived sexual orientation competence within United States (US) licensed ...


Cognition And Mood-Related Behaviors In L3mbtl1 Null Mutant Mice, Erica Y. Shen, Yan Jiang, Wenjie Mao, Kensuke Futai, Hanno Hock, Schahram Akbarian 2015 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Cognition And Mood-Related Behaviors In L3mbtl1 Null Mutant Mice, Erica Y. Shen, Yan Jiang, Wenjie Mao, Kensuke Futai, Hanno Hock, Schahram Akbarian

Open Access Articles

Alterations in histone lysine methylation and epigenetic regulators of gene expression could play a role in the neurobiology and treatment of patients diagnosed with mood spectrum disorder, including depression and anxiety. Mutations and altered expression of various lysine methyltransferases (KMTs) and demethylases (KDMs) have been linked to changes in motivational and emotional behaviors in preclinical model systems. However, it is not known whether regulators operating downstream of histone lysine methylation could affect mood-related behavior. Malignant Brain Tumor (MBT) domain 'chromatin reader' proteins bind to methylated histone lysine residues and associate with chromatin remodeling complexes to facilitate or repress gene expression ...


The Impact Of A Support Group For Mentors, Joel Bates 2015 Liberty University

The Impact Of A Support Group For Mentors, Joel Bates

Senior Honors Theses

In recent years, mentoring has been recognized by organizations and researchers as having great importance and potential. One of the three major mentoring fields, youth mentoring has been utilized and noted as a source of support and benefit for youth. Although some reviews are conflicted, the literature has largely shown this practice of guiding youth to be effective in helping to produce improved outcomes for children later in life. Researchers have also found evidence for the benefits of mentoring for mentors that can be explained within the context of Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development. The program that was studied ...


Pervasive And Opposing Effects Of Unpredictable Chronic Mild Stress (Ucms) On Hippocampal Gene Expression In Balb/Cj And C57bl/6j Mouse Strains, Karim Malki, Yann Mineur, Maria Grazia Tosto, James Campbell, Priya Karia, Irfan Jumabhoy, Frans Sluyter, Wim E. Crusio, Leonard C. Schalkwyk 2015 King’s College London at the Institute of Psychiatry

Pervasive And Opposing Effects Of Unpredictable Chronic Mild Stress (Ucms) On Hippocampal Gene Expression In Balb/Cj And C57bl/6j Mouse Strains, Karim Malki, Yann Mineur, Maria Grazia Tosto, James Campbell, Priya Karia, Irfan Jumabhoy, Frans Sluyter, Wim E. Crusio, Leonard C. Schalkwyk

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: BALB/cJ is a strain susceptible to stress and extremely susceptible to a defective hedonic impact in response to chronic stressors. The strain offers much promise as an animal model for the study of stress related disorders. We present a comparative hippocampal gene expression study on the effects of unpredictable chronic mild stress on BALB/cJ and C57BL/6J mice. Affymetrix MOE 430 was used to measure hippocampal gene expression from 16 animals of two different strains (BALB/cJ and C57BL/6J) of both sexes and subjected to either unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) or no stress. Differences were ...


Distal And Proximal Religiosity As Protective Factors For Adolescent And Emerging Adult Alcohol Use, Michelle V. Porche, Lisa R. Fortuna, Amy B. Wachholtz, Rosalie A. Torres Stone 2015 Wellesley Centers for Women

Distal And Proximal Religiosity As Protective Factors For Adolescent And Emerging Adult Alcohol Use, Michelle V. Porche, Lisa R. Fortuna, Amy B. Wachholtz, Rosalie A. Torres Stone

Open Access Articles

Data from emerging adults (ages 18-29, N = 900) in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Study was used to examine the influence of childhood and emerging adult religiosity and religious-based decision-making, and childhood adversity, on alcohol use. Childhood religiosity was protective against early alcohol use and progression to later abuse or dependence, but did not significantly offset the influence of childhood adversity on early patterns of heavy drinking in adjusted logistic regression models. Religiosity in emerging adulthood was negatively associated with alcohol use disorders. Protective associations for religiosity varied by gender, ethnicity and childhood adversity histories. Higher religiosity may be protective ...


Cognitive Distortions And Institutional Misconducts In Juvenile Delinquents, Shannah C. Gardiner, Jenna Berkstresser 2015 Cedarville University

Cognitive Distortions And Institutional Misconducts In Juvenile Delinquents, Shannah C. Gardiner, Jenna Berkstresser

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

It has been found that juvenile delinquents usually possess inaccurate explanations or thoughts about their experiences, which are called as cognitive distortions. The prior findings also suggested that juvenile delinquents’ antisocial behaviors are associated with their cognitive distortions. Therefore, many juvenile centers utilized cognitive treatment programs and tried to reduce juvenile delinquents’ cognitive distortions. Thus, it is useful to measure the changes of juvenile delinquents’ cognitive distortions in a rehabilitation center to design treatment plans and evaluate its effectiveness.

The present study aimed to measure the changes of cognitive distortions in a group of 43 adolescent juvenile delinquents at a ...


The Effects Of Vocational Support Programs On Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Angel Kester, Addie T. Martin, Ivey M. McRory, Marybeth Williams 2015 Cedarville University

The Effects Of Vocational Support Programs On Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Angel Kester, Addie T. Martin, Ivey M. Mcrory, Marybeth Williams

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Purpose: The purpose of this review is to examine the effects of vocational support programs versus the absence of vocational support programs on employment rates, social skills, and quality of life of transition-aged youth diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders and related diagnoses.

Methods: The CINAHL, Cochrane Collection Plus, Medline, PubMed, and UpToDate databases were searched for articles pertaining to our purpose statement. Four reviewers analyzed the articles for results and extracted data regarding sample characteristics, treatment characteristics, assessment tools, and outcomes.

Results: Nine studies were included, all of which related to the effects of vocational support programs on individuals with ...


Forced Sterilization Of Individuals With Developmental Disabilities: Protection Or Dehumanization?, Kelly J. Schaffter 2015 Cedarville University

Forced Sterilization Of Individuals With Developmental Disabilities: Protection Or Dehumanization?, Kelly J. Schaffter

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

The civil rights of individuals with development disabilities have been a great challenge to protect throughout the United States’ history. The United States has not held the protection of this population’s civil rights with proper priority. The country’s actions towards the population of individuals with development disabilities carried into the 20th century, when individuals with mental disabilities were involuntarily sterilized in the name of eugenics. Currently, the goal of the sterilization of this population is for their protection, yet forced sterilization continues to be a questionable practice in regards to ethics. In this paper, I will claim that ...


2015 Symposium Overview, Cedarville University 2015 Cedarville University

2015 Symposium Overview, Cedarville University

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Click the "Download" button in the top right corner to view the abstract booklet.


Increased Use Of Security Personnel In Irish Psychiatric Hospitals: 2008–2012, Stephen Shannon, Patrick Devitt, Kieran C. Murphy 2015 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Increased Use Of Security Personnel In Irish Psychiatric Hospitals: 2008–2012, Stephen Shannon, Patrick Devitt, Kieran C. Murphy

Psychiatry Articles

Objectives

Little is known about the involvement of security personnel in Irish psychiatric care. Content analysis of inspection reports is a feasible way to investigate this under-researched topic. We aimed to (i) Describe the number of approved centres per year in which we observed comments about the presence of security personnel in published reports of inspections conducted from 2008 to 2012 (ii) Report the main themes of all text relating to security personnel published in these inspection reports.

Method

We conducted a content analysis of all 349 inspection reports published between 2008 and 2012.

Results

The number of approved centres ...


Identification Of Candidate Genes For Psychological Resilience To Develop An Additive Genetic Resilience Index: An Integrative Review, Kosuke Niitsu, Julia F. Houfek 2015 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Identification Of Candidate Genes For Psychological Resilience To Develop An Additive Genetic Resilience Index: An Integrative Review, Kosuke Niitsu, Julia F. Houfek

Posters and Presentations: College of Nursing

Problem: Most individuals experience at least one potentially traumatic event (PTE), such as tornado, in their lifetime. When exposed to PTEs, some individuals are more vulnerable to psychopathology, such as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). In contrast, other individuals are better able to cope with PTEs and maintain their psychological health. Such individuals are often described as psychologically resilient. Resilience is heritable, influenced by multiple genes including the Serotonin-Transporter-Linked Polymorphic Region (5-HTTLPR), the most studied candidate gene. Because resilience is polygenic, it is important to consider the influence of multiple genes in addition to 5-HTTLPR when studying the heritable component of ...


Antonio Vallejo Nágera And The Discourse Of Eugenics In Francoist Spain, Ethan F. Pearlstein 2015 College of William and Mary

Antonio Vallejo Nágera And The Discourse Of Eugenics In Francoist Spain, Ethan F. Pearlstein

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines Francoist medicalization, or the characterization of the Spanish Civil War in medical terms, as suggested by Spanish psychiatrist Dr. Antonio Vallejo Nágera. This work looks to address the function that medicine served for the Franco regime, and to justify the introduction of a directorship in psychiatry in the Nationalist camp as early as August of 1936. Through close textual analysis of three key publications by Vallejo Nágera, El factor emoción en la España nueva (1938), Política racial del nuevo estado (1938) and “Psiquismo del fanatismo marxista. Investigaciones psicológicas en marxistas femeninos delincuentes” (1939), this thesis traces the ...


Somatization In The Social Environment: Relations To Victimization And Friendship Processes Among Middle School Students, Naomi J. Parr 2015 College of William and Mary

Somatization In The Social Environment: Relations To Victimization And Friendship Processes Among Middle School Students, Naomi J. Parr

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

Aversive peer experiences, such as overt and relational peer victimization, have been shown to predict somatic symptoms in early adolescents (Nixon, Linkie, Coleman, & Fitch, 2011). Few studies, however, have assessed somatic symptoms in the context of positive social relationships, such as peer friendships. The present study examined relations between somatic symptoms and both negative and positive friendships to determine whether friend support may buffer youth against somatic symptoms. Data were collected from 200 youths enrolled in middle school (Mage = 12.66, 53.0% female, 75.5% White), who responded to questions assessing friendship quality with a reciprocated mutual best friend, victimization experiences, emotion talk, co-rumination, and somatic symptoms. Mothers also reported on their child’s somatic symptoms. Multiple regression analyses demonstrated that overt victimization and relational victimization predicted higher somatic symptoms, particularly among girls. Actor-Partner Interdependence Modeling (APIM; Kenny, Kashy, & Cook, 2006) was used to analyze dyadic data from youths’ reports about their best friendships. Friends’ perceived unsupportive responses to emotion predicted higher somatic symptoms, whereas positive features of best friendships, including instrumental help, validation, conflict resolution, and supportive responses to emotion predicted fewer somatic symptoms. Findings with validation, conflict resolution, and emotion talk were more evident for girls than boys. These findings emphasize the need to examine further both positive and negative peer relationships ...


Individualized Cognitive Rehabilitation For Adults With Acquired Brain Injury, Emily M. Aiken 2015 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Individualized Cognitive Rehabilitation For Adults With Acquired Brain Injury, Emily M. Aiken

Senior Theses and Projects

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) can result from internal factors (e.g. tumor) or external causes (e.g. trauma). Three case studies of Korsakoff’s syndrome, meningioma, and traumatic brain injury (TBI), will be presented to illustrate the variety of cognitive deficits across different individuals with ABI. This study uses cognitive rehabilitation therapies to target individual cognitive symptoms. Results and discussion place emphasis on the use of prospective memory (PM) training for treating Korsakoff’s syndrome. The Memory for Intentions Screening Test (MIST) served as the assessment for PM analysis pre and post rehabilitation. The data from this study will be ...


Is Psychiatry Only Neurology? Or Only Abnormal Psychology? Déjà Vu After 100 Years, Jose de Leon 2015 University of Kentucky

Is Psychiatry Only Neurology? Or Only Abnormal Psychology? Déjà Vu After 100 Years, Jose De Leon

Psychiatry Faculty Publications

Forgetting history, which frequently repeats itself, is a mistake. In General Psychopathology, Jaspers criticised early 20th century psychiatrists, including those who thought psychiatry was only neurology (Wernicke) or only abnormal psychology (Freud), or who did not see the limitations of the medical model in psychiatry (Kraepelin). Jaspers proposed that some psychiatric disorders follow the medical model (Group I), while others are variations of normality (Group III), or comprise schizophrenia and severe mood disorders (Group II). In the early 21st century, the players' names have changed but the game remains the same. The US NIMH is reprising both Wernicke's brain ...


The Effects Of Antiepileptic Inducers In Neuropsychopharmacology, A Neglected Issue. Part I: A Summary Of The Current State For Clinicians, Jose de Leon 2015 University of Kentucky

The Effects Of Antiepileptic Inducers In Neuropsychopharmacology, A Neglected Issue. Part I: A Summary Of The Current State For Clinicians, Jose De Leon

Psychiatry Faculty Publications

The literature on inducers in epilepsy and bipolar disorder is seriously contaminated by false negative findings. This is part i of a comprehensive review on antiepileptic drug (AED) inducers using both mechanistic pharmacological and evidence-based medicine to provide practical recommendations to neurologists and psychiatrists concerning how to control for them. Carbamazepine, phenobarbital and phenytoin, are clinically relevant AED inducers; correction factors were calculated for studied induced drugs. These correction factors are rough simplifications for orienting clinicians, since there is great variability in the population regarding inductive effects. As new information is published, the correction factors may need to be modified ...


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