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6,066 full-text articles. Page 29 of 213.

Pregnancy Intention In Relation To Nonplanning Impulsivity, Prachi Godiwala, Bradley M. Appelhans, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Rui Sherry Xiao, Kathryn E. Liziewski, Sherry L. Pagoto, Molly E. Waring 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pregnancy Intention In Relation To Nonplanning Impulsivity, Prachi Godiwala, Bradley M. Appelhans, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Rui Sherry Xiao, Kathryn E. Liziewski, Sherry L. Pagoto, Molly E. Waring

Sherry L. Pagoto

Introduction: Half of pregnancies in the United States are unintended. We examine a novel risk factor for unintended pregnancies, impulsivity. We hypothesize that women with higher nonplanning impulsivity will be more likely to have an unplanned pregnancy. Methods: The parent study was a prospective cohort study of 125 pregnant women examining the association between impulsivity and weight gain during pregnancy. At an in-person study visit, women completed self-report measures via a secure web form. The 15-item Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-15) measures impulsivity using subjective statements about the respondent’s behavior with 4 response options: rarely/never, occasionally, often, and almost ...


Implementation And Utilization Of Mobile Technology In Adolescent Bariatric Surgery Patients, Jonathan Green, Jeremy T. Aidlen, Sherry L. Pagoto, Jennifer Bram 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Implementation And Utilization Of Mobile Technology In Adolescent Bariatric Surgery Patients, Jonathan Green, Jeremy T. Aidlen, Sherry L. Pagoto, Jennifer Bram

Sherry L. Pagoto

Obesity is the most prevalent chronic disease of childhood. Obese adolescents are likely to become obese adults with significant associated co-morbidities and early mortality. In Massachusetts, 30% of children ages 10-17 are overweight or obese. It is projected that 48% of Massachusetts’ adults will be obese by 2030. In March of 2015, the Good Fit Adolescent Weight and Wellness Center opened, with a goal of addressing this issue with a proven multidisciplinary approach. Mobile technology continues to develop at a rapid pace. Adolescent access to mobile technology on smart phones and tablets continues to increase. Mobile fitness tracker applications are ...


Pregnancy Intention In Relation To Nonplanning Impulsivity, Prachi Godiwala, Bradley M. Appelhans, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Rui Sherry Xiao, Kathryn E. Liziewski, Sherry L. Pagoto, Molly E. Waring 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pregnancy Intention In Relation To Nonplanning Impulsivity, Prachi Godiwala, Bradley M. Appelhans, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Rui Sherry Xiao, Kathryn E. Liziewski, Sherry L. Pagoto, Molly E. Waring

Tiffany A. Moore Simas

Introduction: Half of pregnancies in the United States are unintended. We examine a novel risk factor for unintended pregnancies, impulsivity. We hypothesize that women with higher nonplanning impulsivity will be more likely to have an unplanned pregnancy. Methods: The parent study was a prospective cohort study of 125 pregnant women examining the association between impulsivity and weight gain during pregnancy. At an in-person study visit, women completed self-report measures via a secure web form. The 15-item Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-15) measures impulsivity using subjective statements about the respondent’s behavior with 4 response options: rarely/never, occasionally, often, and almost ...


Multiple Chronic Conditions And Psychosocial Limitations In A Contemporary Cohort Of Patients Hospitalized With An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Mayra Tisminetsky, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. McManus, Jane S. Saczynski, Molly E. Waring, Nathaniel Erskine, Milena D. Anatchkova, David C. Parish, Darleen M. Lessard, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Multiple Chronic Conditions And Psychosocial Limitations In A Contemporary Cohort Of Patients Hospitalized With An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Mayra Tisminetsky, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. Mcmanus, Jane S. Saczynski, Molly E. Waring, Nathaniel Erskine, Milena D. Anatchkova, David C. Parish, Darleen M. Lessard, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Catarina I. Kiefe

Background: As adults live longer, multiple chronic conditions have become more prevalent over the past several decades. We describe the prevalence of, and patient characteristics associated with, cardiac and non-cardiac-related multimorbidities in patients discharged from the hospital after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: We studied 2,174 patients discharged from the hospital after an ACS at 6 medical centers in Massachusetts and Georgia between April, 2011 and May, 2013. Hospital medical records yielded clinical information including presence of 8 cardiac-related and 8 non-cardiac-related morbidities on admission. We assessed multiple psychosocial characteristics during the index hospitalization using standardized in-person instruments ...


Childhood Maltreatment, Emotional Dysregulation, And Psychiatric Comorbidities (Poster), Yael Dvir, Brian Denietolis 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Childhood Maltreatment, Emotional Dysregulation, And Psychiatric Comorbidities (Poster), Yael Dvir, Brian Denietolis

Yael Dvir

There is a complex and bi-directional relationship between childhood trauma and emotional dysregulation. Childhood trauma is associated with: reduced ability to understand and regulate emotions; mediated by relational/attachment difficulties with caregivers and peers; heightened levels of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology; impaired social functioning beginning in childhood and continuing into adulthood.


Therapeutic Assignments: Structured Framework For Interaction Between Medical Students And Patients On Psychiatry Clerkships, Yael Dvir, Isheeta Zalpuri 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Therapeutic Assignments: Structured Framework For Interaction Between Medical Students And Patients On Psychiatry Clerkships, Yael Dvir, Isheeta Zalpuri

Yael Dvir

Medical students enjoy high level of patient contact on psychiatric clerkships. They have felt that forming a relationship with a patient can have therapeutic effects by imparting hope, decreasing their isolation and providing individualized attention. However students have encountered difficulties forming alliance with their patients, either due to acuity of illness such as psychosis or due to character pathology, addiction etc. They need to feel comfortable dealing with more difficult situations such as extremes of emotion or breaks with reality. Interviewing skills must be continually developed. We hope that Therapeutic Assignments (TA) will: provide a medium for students to improve ...


The Associations Among Expressed Emotion, Relationship Satisfaction, Ptsd Symptoms, Alcohol Use, And Depression: A Longitudinal Investigation With A Military Sample, Laci Lee Zawilinski 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Associations Among Expressed Emotion, Relationship Satisfaction, Ptsd Symptoms, Alcohol Use, And Depression: A Longitudinal Investigation With A Military Sample, Laci Lee Zawilinski

Dissertations

PTSD in military personnel is highly prevalent and accompanied by elevated rates of additional issues such as depression, problematic alcohol use, and interpersonal relationship problems. Family members and spouses of military personnel have also been shown to be negatively impacted by PTSD symptoms. Previous research has indicated that family members and spouses’ expressed emotion regarding the PTSD patients’ symptoms negatively impacts treatment outcome in civilian populations. However, studies have yet to investigate the effect of expressed emotion on the course of PTSD symptoms and associated problems in military personnel. Therefore, the purpose of the present investigation was to examine the ...


Paternal Postpartum Depression [English And Spanish Versions], Kathleen Biebel, Shums Alikhan 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Paternal Postpartum Depression [English And Spanish Versions], Kathleen Biebel, Shums Alikhan

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

A Spanish translation of this publication is available to download under "Additional Files" below.

While postpartum depression (PPD) has historically been associated primarily with mothers, recently there has been increased awareness of the experience of fathers and strategies to address postpartum depression in men. For fathers willing to seek help, the lack of recognition of paternal PPD results in limited supports and treatments. Given the potential implications of paternal PPD, it is essential for new fathers and their healthcare providers to recognize the prevalence of paternal PPD, the symptoms, and the challenges surrounding this issue for men.


Impact Of Luminance And Spatial Parameters On The Generation Of The Human Pattern Electroretinogram., Kate A. Godwin 2016 University of Louisville

Impact Of Luminance And Spatial Parameters On The Generation Of The Human Pattern Electroretinogram., Kate A. Godwin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The current work assessed some of the key hypotheses behind the generation of the pattern electroretinogram (PERG) response. The first of these hypotheses states that the PERG response is the result of linear cancellation of simultaneous increment and decrement retinal responses, as generated by the retinal ON- and OFF-pathways. Experiment 1 evaluated the possibility of simulating the PERG by summing the ERG responses elicited by increment and decrement flashes, and found that it was indeed possible to simulate the PERG from these responses. However, only the steady-state PERG could be modeled consistently. The second hypothesis evaluated a theory that the ...


Daily Rhythms Of Physiological Parameters In The Dromedary Camel Under Natural And Laboratory Conditions, Ahmed A. Al-Haidary, Khalid A. Abdoun, Emad M. Samara, Aly B. Okab, Mamane Sani, Roberto Refinetti 2016 King Saud University

Daily Rhythms Of Physiological Parameters In The Dromedary Camel Under Natural And Laboratory Conditions, Ahmed A. Al-Haidary, Khalid A. Abdoun, Emad M. Samara, Aly B. Okab, Mamane Sani, Roberto Refinetti

Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Camels are well adapted to hot arid environments and can contribute significantly to the economy of developing countries in arid regions of the world. Full understanding of the physiology of camels requires understanding of the internal temporal order of the body, as reflected in daily or circadian rhythms. In the current study, we investigated the daily rhythmicity of 20 physiological variables in camels exposed to natural oscillations of ambient temperature in a desert environment and compared the daily temporal courses of the variables. We also studied the rhythm of core body temperature under experimental conditions with constant ambient temperature in ...


Linezolid Induced Delirium In The Absence Of Serotonin Syndrome: A Psychiatric Consultation/Liaison Case Report, Hani Nazha, MD, Nathan T. Harrington, MD 2016 WVU

Linezolid Induced Delirium In The Absence Of Serotonin Syndrome: A Psychiatric Consultation/Liaison Case Report, Hani Nazha, Md, Nathan T. Harrington, Md

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Delirium is one of the most common mental illnesses that can affect elderly patients and patients with advanced medical problems. Because these patients are frequently on multiple medications and/or are more sensitive to medications secondary to their age, interactions with current medications, or existing medical problems; medication toxicity is frequently the etiology behind their delirium. This is a case report of a patient admitted for cellulitis that developed delirium from Linezolid however did not develop any other signs or symptoms of Serotonin Syndrome; a known side effect of Linezolid. This distinctive case highlights the importance of a careful analysis ...


Cognitive Health Among Older Adults: Evidence From Rural Sub-Saharan Africa, Collin F. Payne, Iliana V. Kohler, Chiwoza Bandawe, Kathy A. Lawler, Hans-Peter Kohler 2016 Harvard University

Cognitive Health Among Older Adults: Evidence From Rural Sub-Saharan Africa, Collin F. Payne, Iliana V. Kohler, Chiwoza Bandawe, Kathy A. Lawler, Hans-Peter Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Cognitive health is an important dimension of well-being in older ages, but few studies have investigated cognitive health in sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) growing population of mature adults (= persons age 45+). We use data from the Malawi Longitudinal Study of Families and Health (MLSFH) to document the age and gender patterns of cognitive health, the contextual and life-course correlates of poor cognitive health, and the understudied linkages between cognitive and physical/mental well-being. Surprisingly, the age-pattern of decline in cognitive health for both men and women is similar to that observed in the U.S. We also find that women ...


Effects Of Autism Spectrum Disorder Insurance Mandates On The Treated Prevalence Of Autism Spectrum Disorder, David S. Mandell, Colleen L. Barry, Steven C. Marcus, Ming Xie, Kathleen Shea, Katherine Mullan, Andrew J Epstein 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Effects Of Autism Spectrum Disorder Insurance Mandates On The Treated Prevalence Of Autism Spectrum Disorder, David S. Mandell, Colleen L. Barry, Steven C. Marcus, Ming Xie, Kathleen Shea, Katherine Mullan, Andrew J Epstein

Research Briefs

Key Findings: State mandates requiring commercial health plans to cover services for children with autism spectrum disorder increased the number of children diagnosed with the disorder. However, diagnosis rates remain much lower than community estimates, suggesting that many commercially insured children with ASD remain undiagnosed or are insured through public plans.


Weight Gain Prevention In The School Worksite Setting: Results Of A Multi-Level Cluster Randomized Trial, Stephenie C. Lemon, Monica L. Wang, Nicole M. Wedick, Barbara Estabrook, Susan Druker, Kristin L. Schneider, Wenjun Li, Lori Pbert 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Weight Gain Prevention In The School Worksite Setting: Results Of A Multi-Level Cluster Randomized Trial, Stephenie C. Lemon, Monica L. Wang, Nicole M. Wedick, Barbara Estabrook, Susan Druker, Kristin L. Schneider, Wenjun Li, Lori Pbert

Barbara Estabrook

OBJECTIVE: To describe the effectiveness, reach and implementation of a weight gain prevention intervention among public school employees.

METHOD: A multi-level intervention was tested in a cluster randomized trial among 782 employees in 12 central Massachusetts public high schools from 2009 to 2012. The intervention targeted the nutrition and physical activity environment and policies, the social environment and individual knowledge, attitudes and skills. The intervention was compared to a materials only condition. The primary outcome measures were change in weight and body mass index (BMI) at 24-month follow-up. Implementation of physical environment, policy and social environment strategies at the school ...


Growing Organizational Capacity To Facilitate The Streamlining Of Patients With Psychiatric Disorders In A Community Academic Health Network; An Eight Year Review, Edward R. Norris MD, FAPA, FAPM, Michael W. Kaufmann MD, David B. Burmeister DO, Muhamad Aly Rifai MD, Laurence P. Karper MD, Ralph A. Primelo MD 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Growing Organizational Capacity To Facilitate The Streamlining Of Patients With Psychiatric Disorders In A Community Academic Health Network; An Eight Year Review, Edward R. Norris Md, Fapa, Fapm, Michael W. Kaufmann Md, David B. Burmeister Do, Muhamad Aly Rifai Md, Laurence P. Karper Md, Ralph A. Primelo Md

David Burmeister, DO, FACEP, CPE

No abstract provided.


Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr. 2016 Rockhurst University

Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr.

Journal of Evolution and Health

As rates of overweight and obesity have risen in the US, the public has sought effective strategies for weight loss through dietary modification. A proliferation of processed foods and changing governmental nutrition guidelines have both impacted dietary intake patterns. While physicians are considered respectable sources of weight-loss information, increasingly the public has turned to the media, particularly magazines, for weight loss advice. This study investigated the dietary recommendations found in the five leading US health-related magazines and compared those recommendations to ancestral diets. With a couple notable exceptions, leading health magazines present consistent recommendations for dietary modifications to promote weight ...


Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori 2016 Humana, Inc.

Depression Treatment Decreases Healthcare Expenditures Among Working Age Patients With Comorbid Conditions And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Along With Newly-Diagnosed Depression, Rituparna Bhattacharya, Chan Shen, Amy B. Wachholtz, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamthoori

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: There are many studies in the literature on the association between depression treatment and health expenditures. However, there is a knowledge gap in examining this relationship taking into account coexisting chronic conditions among patients with diabetes. We aim to analyze the association between depression treatment and healthcare expenditures among adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and newly-diagnosed depression, with consideration of coexisting chronic physical conditions.

METHODS: We used multi-state Medicaid data (2000-2008) and adopted a retrospective longitudinal cohort design. Medical conditions were identified using diagnosis codes (ICD-9-CM and CPT systems). Healthcare expenditures were aggregated for each month for ...


Gestational Hormone Profiles Predict Human Maternal Behavior At 1-Year Postpartum, Laura M. Glynn, Elyssia Poggi Davis, Curt A. Sandman, Wendy A. Goldberg 2016 Chapman University

Gestational Hormone Profiles Predict Human Maternal Behavior At 1-Year Postpartum, Laura M. Glynn, Elyssia Poggi Davis, Curt A. Sandman, Wendy A. Goldberg

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

In many non-human species, including primates, gestational reproductive hormones play an essential role in the onset of maternal motivation and behaviors. We investigated the associations between prepartum estradiol and progesterone and maternal behavior at 1-year postpartum in 177 women. Blood was obtained at five gestational time points and an index of quality of maternal care was determined using a well-validated mother-child interaction protocol. Women who exhibited higher quality maternal care at 1-year postpartum were characterized by unique gestational profiles of estradiol, progesterone and the estrogen to progesterone ratio; specifically by slower accelerations and levels of these hormone trajectories beginning in ...


Development Roots Of Mindfulness: An Attachment Based Perspective On The Origins Of Mindfulness And Reflective Functioning Through The Parent-Child Relationship, A Mixed-Methods Analysis, Ashley N. Morris 2016 Morehead State University

Development Roots Of Mindfulness: An Attachment Based Perspective On The Origins Of Mindfulness And Reflective Functioning Through The Parent-Child Relationship, A Mixed-Methods Analysis, Ashley N. Morris

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Science Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree Master of Science by Ashley N. Morris July 11, 2016.


Teacher Child Interaction Therapy: An Ecological Approach To Intervening With Young Children Who Display Disruptive Behaviors, Sara Marie Hinojosa 2016 University of South Florida

Teacher Child Interaction Therapy: An Ecological Approach To Intervening With Young Children Who Display Disruptive Behaviors, Sara Marie Hinojosa

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A model of Teacher Child Interaction Therapy (TCIT) was implemented in two kindergarten classrooms of students (n = 2) who successfully completed Parent Child Interaction Therapy, but continued to demonstrate disruptive behaviors in the classroom. The current study first indicated that TCIT was implemented with integrity by both the therapists and teacher participants. Next, the effects of this intervention on the teacher’s skills, students’ disruptive behaviors, teacher’s stress, and teacher-child relationships were investigated. The treatment acceptability was also examined. Both visual and statistical analyses found a treatment effect in both cases was seen for both teachers’ increased use of ...


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