Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Psychiatry and Psychology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,367 Full-Text Articles 5,248 Authors 1,441,983 Downloads 176 Institutions

All Articles in Psychiatry and Psychology

Faceted Search

3,367 full-text articles. Page 29 of 81.

Reduced Neural Activation During An Inhibition Task Is Associated With Impaired Fear Inhibition In A Traumatized Civilian Sample, Tanja Jovanovic, Tim Ely, Negar Fani, Ebony Glover, David Gutman, Erin Tone, Seth D. Norrholm, Bekh Bradley, Kerry J. Ressler 2013 Emory University

Reduced Neural Activation During An Inhibition Task Is Associated With Impaired Fear Inhibition In A Traumatized Civilian Sample, Tanja Jovanovic, Tim Ely, Negar Fani, Ebony Glover, David Gutman, Erin Tone, Seth D. Norrholm, Bekh Bradley, Kerry J. Ressler

Psychology Faculty Publications

Introduction: Impaired inhibition of fear in the presence of safety cues and a deficiency in the extinction of fear cues are increasingly thought to be important biological markers of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Other studies have suggested that there may be altered neural activation during behavioral inhibition tasks in subjects with PTSD. The current study aimed to see whether neural activation during inhibition was reduced in a highly traumatized civilian population, and whether atypical activation was associated with impaired fear inhibition.

Methods: The participants were 41 traumatized women (20 PTSD+, 21 PTSD-) recruited from Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, GA ...


The Massachusetts Ru4kids Study: Using Evidence To Improve Medicaid Mental Health Services For Massachusetts Children And Youth, Joanne Nicholson, Laurel Leslie, Susan Maciolek 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Massachusetts Ru4kids Study: Using Evidence To Improve Medicaid Mental Health Services For Massachusetts Children And Youth, Joanne Nicholson, Laurel Leslie, Susan Maciolek

Joanne Nicholson

Research on effective child and adolescent mental health interventions has grown significantly over the past two decades. Through the Children’s Behavioral Health Initiative (CBHI), Massachusetts policy makers, provider agencies, and advocacy groups are engaged in activities and decision-making on a daily basis that may involve the use of research evidence. The Massachusetts Research Use 4KIDS Study will examine the ways in which research evidence comes into play as children’s mental health services are transformed and implemented in the provider community.

Originally published as: Research in the Works, Issue 4, 2011.


Delaying Gratification Depends On Social Trust, Laura Michaelson, Alejandro de la Vega, Christropher H. Chatham, Yuko Munakata 2013 University of Colorado Boulder

Delaying Gratification Depends On Social Trust, Laura Michaelson, Alejandro De La Vega, Christropher H. Chatham, Yuko Munakata

University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications

Delaying gratification is hard, yet predictive of important life outcomes, such as academic achievement and physical health. Prominent theories focus on the role of self-control, hypersensitivity to immediate rewards, and the cost of time spent waiting. However, delaying gratification may also require trust in people delivering future rewards as promised. To test the role of social trust, participants were presented with character vignettes and faces that varied in trustworthiness, and then choose between hypothetical smaller immediate or larger delayed rewards from those characters. Across two experiments, participants were less willing to wait for delayed rewards from less trustworthy characters, and ...


Classroom Level Effects Of Children’S Prior Participation In Child Care, K. Alison Clarke-Stewart, Rachel Lucas-Thompson, Jennifer M. Weaver, Andrea Karsh 2013 University of California - Irvine

Classroom Level Effects Of Children’S Prior Participation In Child Care, K. Alison Clarke-Stewart, Rachel Lucas-Thompson, Jennifer M. Weaver, Andrea Karsh

Psychology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Previous research indicates that children who spend many hours in early child care exhibit more externalizing behavior problems than children who spend less time in child care. Concern has been expressed regarding the cumulative effect of these problem behaviors on elementary school classes. We collected information about children’s child-care histories from parents of first through fourth graders (N = 429) and about classroom functioning from their teachers (N = 31). We analyzed associations between the proportion of children in the class who had spent many hours in care prior to school entry and teachers’ reports of the time they spent in ...


An Infrasonic Missing Fundamental Rises At 18.5hz, Christopher D. Lacomba, Steven A. Lloyd, Ryan A. Shanks 2013 University of North Georgia

An Infrasonic Missing Fundamental Rises At 18.5hz, Christopher D. Lacomba, Steven A. Lloyd, Ryan A. Shanks

Papers & Publications: Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research

The Missing Fundamental (MF) phenomenon is an auditory processing artifact which arises from the perception of a harmonically-structured complex sound in the absence of the complex sound’s fundamental frequency (f0). Constructive interference occurring between constituent waveforms of the harmonic series may elicit a perceptible tone at the f0’s pitch. A related illusion, known as binaural auditory beats (BAB), may also generate nonexistent perceptible pitches through a shared mechanism. A harmonic series suggesting to an infrasonic f0 (1/f) noise and broken MF conditions. This data suggests that an infrasonic MF tone is generated, despite the ...


The Relationship Between Drinking To Cope And Comorbid Depression & Social Anxiety, Willem Parshley 2013 Guilford College

The Relationship Between Drinking To Cope And Comorbid Depression & Social Anxiety, Willem Parshley

Papers & Publications: Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research

Previous research shows that social anxiety and depression are associated with severe alcohol problems, and that drinking to cope mediates the relationship between suicidal ideation and alcohol problems. Most research has focused on drinking to cope with social anxiety or depression when the two conditions are singular. This study sought to establish a relationship between drinking to cope and comorbid depression and social anxiety. Participants’ levels of depression, social anxiety, and two measures of drinking to cope were assessed. I hypothesized that individuals who score high for depression and social anxiety (“comorbids”) would report drinking to cope more often than ...


Visual Field Bias In Hearing And Deaf Adults During Judgments Of Facial Expression And Identity, Susan M. Letourneau, Teresa V. Mitchell 2013 Brandeis University

Visual Field Bias In Hearing And Deaf Adults During Judgments Of Facial Expression And Identity, Susan M. Letourneau, Teresa V. Mitchell

Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center Publications and Presentations

The dominance of the right hemisphere during face perception is associated with more accurate judgments of faces presented in the left rather than the right visual field (RVF). Previous research suggests that the left visual field (LVF) bias typically observed during face perception tasks is reduced in deaf adults who use sign language, for whom facial expressions convey important linguistic information. The current study examined whether visual field biases were altered in deaf adults whenever they viewed expressive faces, or only when attention was explicitly directed to expression. Twelve hearing adults and 12 deaf signers were trained to recognize a ...


A Police Officer’S Tacit Knowledge Inventory (Potki): Establishing Construct Validity And Exploring Applications, T. Z. Taylor, P. Elison-Bowers, E. Werth, E. Bell, J. Carbajal, K. B. Lamm, Efren A. Velazquez 2013 Boise State University

A Police Officer’S Tacit Knowledge Inventory (Potki): Establishing Construct Validity And Exploring Applications, T. Z. Taylor, P. Elison-Bowers, E. Werth, E. Bell, J. Carbajal, K. B. Lamm, Efren A. Velazquez

Psychology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Research summarizes the construction of a Police Officer’s Tacit Knowledge Inventory (Inventory), a situational judgment test comprised of knowledge gained on-the-job by experienced police officers, and examines if it can play a role in the development of expertise. Correlation and regression analysis was done to establish the Inventory’s ability to predict post-Academy graduation performance. Results show that Inventory response patterns correlate with Supervisor ratings; and the Inventory responses correctly predict significant differences between novice patrol officers and experienced police officers.


Duel Or Diversion? Conscientiousness And Executive Function In The Prediction Of Health And Longevity, Tim Bogg, Brent W. Roberts 2013 Wayne State University

Duel Or Diversion? Conscientiousness And Executive Function In The Prediction Of Health And Longevity, Tim Bogg, Brent W. Roberts

Psychology Faculty Research Publications

Response to Hall and Fong Letter to the Editor in Annals of Behavioral Medicine 45(3).


The Case For Conscientiousness: Evidence And Implications For A Personality Trait Marker Of Health And Longevity, Tim Bogg, Brent W. Roberts 2013 Wayne State University

The Case For Conscientiousness: Evidence And Implications For A Personality Trait Marker Of Health And Longevity, Tim Bogg, Brent W. Roberts

Psychology Faculty Research Publications

Purpose Recent initiatives by major funding agencies have emphasized translational and personalized approaches (e.g., genetic testing) to health research and health management. While such directives are appropriate, and will likely produce tangible health benefits, we seek to highlight a confluence of several lines of research showing relations between the personality dimension of conscientiousness and a variety of health-related outcomes.

Methods Using a modified health process model, we review the compelling evidence linking conscientiousness to health and disease processes, including longevity, diseases, morbidity-related risk factors, health-related psycho-physiological mechanisms, health-related behaviors, and social environmental factors related to health.

Conclusion We argue ...


Use Of Practice-Based Research Network Data To Measure Neighborhood Smoking Prevalence, Jeffrey A. Linder, Nancy A. Rigotti, Phyllis Brawarsky, Emily Z. Kontos, Elyse R. Park, Elissa V Klinger, Lucas Marinacci, Wenjun Li, Jennifer S. Haas 2013 Harvard Medical School

Use Of Practice-Based Research Network Data To Measure Neighborhood Smoking Prevalence, Jeffrey A. Linder, Nancy A. Rigotti, Phyllis Brawarsky, Emily Z. Kontos, Elyse R. Park, Elissa V Klinger, Lucas Marinacci, Wenjun Li, Jennifer S. Haas

Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations

INTRODUCTION: Practice-Based Research Networks (PBRNs) and health systems may provide timely, reliable data to guide the development and distribution of public health resources to promote healthy behaviors, such as quitting smoking. The objective of this study was to determine if PBRN data could be used to make neighborhood-level estimates of smoking prevalence.

METHODS: We estimated the smoking prevalence in 32 greater Boston neighborhoods (population = 877,943 adults) by using the electronic health record data of adults who in 2009 visited one of 26 Partners Primary Care PBRN practices (n = 77,529). We compared PBRN-derived estimates to population-based estimates derived from ...


Exploring Parental Experiences And Decision-Making Processes Following A Fetal Anomaly Diagnosis, Ramona L. Fernandez 2013 The University of Western Ontario

Exploring Parental Experiences And Decision-Making Processes Following A Fetal Anomaly Diagnosis, Ramona L. Fernandez

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Often the first indication that something may be wrong in a seemingly normal pregnancy occurs during the first detailed ultrasound appointment between 16 and 20 weeks gestation. Even the most tentative suspicions of fetal anomalies is jarring. Parent’s default reality of a normal pregnancy and a ‘perfect child’ changes to one of risk factors and the possibility of an ‘unhealthy child’. This study begins with the realization of this first loss in a series of losses that follow for parents as they grapple with diagnostic information to be able to make informed medical decisions regarding their fetus and pregnancy ...


The Effects Of Family And Social Engagement On The Screen Time Of Youth With Developmental Disabilities: A Dissertation, Charmaine B. Lo 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Effects Of Family And Social Engagement On The Screen Time Of Youth With Developmental Disabilities: A Dissertation, Charmaine B. Lo

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Developmental disabilities (DEVDIS) such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorders (ASD), developmental delay (DD), and learning disabilities, affect 14% of US youth, who also experience higher rates of obesity, approximately 19%, than youth without these conditions. Screen time is a risk factor for obesity, though it is not well-studied among youth with developmental disabilities. Youth with developmental disabilities experience challenges with learning, have underdeveloped social skills, and problematic behaviors. These predispositions can often result in peer rejection. The resulting social isolation may make these youth particularly vulnerable to engaging in solitary activities such as screen time. The ...


A Theoretical Comparison Of Dance/Movement Therapy And Expressive Arts Therapy, Heidi Landgraf 2013 Columbia College - Chicago

A Theoretical Comparison Of Dance/Movement Therapy And Expressive Arts Therapy, Heidi Landgraf

Creative Arts Therapies Theses

This theoretical comparison of dance/movement therapy (DMT) and expressive arts therapy (EXA) was created in order to better understand the major principles and concepts behind each field. A brief history of the predecessors of each field was discussed, along with five principles from DMT and five concepts from EXA, as chosen by the writer and based on her preferences in alignment with her personal theory and methodology. The comparison that follows discussed the ways in which both fields converge, diverge, and complement one another. The fields have many points of agreement where there is only subtle difference in language ...


Factors Associated With Blood Pressure Control In Hypertensive Patients With Coronary Heart Disease: Evidence From The Chinese Cholesterol Education Program, Dachun Xu, Wei Chen, Xiankai Li, Yi Zhang, Xin Li, Hou Lei, Yidong Wei, Weiming Li, Dayi Hu, Nicole M. Wedick, Jinsong Wang, Yawei Xu, Jue Li, Yunsheng Ma 2013 Tongji University School of Medicine

Factors Associated With Blood Pressure Control In Hypertensive Patients With Coronary Heart Disease: Evidence From The Chinese Cholesterol Education Program, Dachun Xu, Wei Chen, Xiankai Li, Yi Zhang, Xin Li, Hou Lei, Yidong Wei, Weiming Li, Dayi Hu, Nicole M. Wedick, Jinsong Wang, Yawei Xu, Jue Li, Yunsheng Ma

Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations

Blood pressure (BP) remains poorly controlled among hypertensive patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in China. Improvement of its management will require an understanding of the patient characteristics and treatment factors associated with uncontrolled hypertension. A cross-sectional survey of 3,279 patients from 52 centers in China was performed to examine potential barriers to adequate blood pressure control of hypertensive patients with CHD. Uncontrolled hypertension was defined as blood pressure >/=130/or 80 mmHg. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with poor blood pressure control. Mean age of the patients was 65 years, 40% were women, and ...


A Moving Journey: Personal Reflections From Dance/Movement Therapists With Non-Traditional Backgrounds, Meghan Nicole Slade 2013 Columbia College - Chicago

A Moving Journey: Personal Reflections From Dance/Movement Therapists With Non-Traditional Backgrounds, Meghan Nicole Slade

Creative Arts Therapies Theses

The field of dance/movement therapy remains a discipline populated by Caucasian females. Although training has developed to treat diverse populations, little attention has been given to increasing the diversity of those studying and practicing the modality. Other than theses created by minority students training to become dance/movement therapists, minimal research has been conducted to understand how the field can invite more diversity. This thesis includes a documentary in which five dance/movement therapists with non-traditional backgrounds were interviewed using the methodology of Organic Inquiry. Their stories provide insight regarding the experiences non-traditional students in dance/movement therapy. Findings ...


Finding Solutions To Institutional Corruption: Lessons From Cognitive Dissonance Theory, Lisa Cosgrove, Robert Whitaker 2013 University of Massachusetts Boston

Finding Solutions To Institutional Corruption: Lessons From Cognitive Dissonance Theory, Lisa Cosgrove, Robert Whitaker

Counseling and School Psychology Faculty Publication Series

The American Psychiatric Association and academic psychiatry in the United States have two conflicts of interest that may affect their assessment of psychiatric drugs and their development of diagnostic and clinical care guidelines: payments from pharmaceutical companies and guild interests. Until recently, the proposed solution to industry-academic relationships has been transparency. However, cognitive dissonance research reveals that disclosure is not a solution because cognitive biases are commonplace and difficult to eradicate. Indeed, bias is most often manifest in subtle ways unbeknownst to the researcher or clinician, and thus is usually implicit and unintentional. Also, recent studies suggest that disclosure of ...


Obesity/Overweight And The Role Of Working Conditions: A Qualitative And Participatory Investigation, Nicole J. Champagne, S. Nobrega, Marcy Marcy Goldstein-Gelb, M. Montano, Marlene Abreu, I. Lopez, J. Arevalo, S. Bruce, L. Punnett 2013 University of Massachusetts Lowell

Obesity/Overweight And The Role Of Working Conditions: A Qualitative And Participatory Investigation, Nicole J. Champagne, S. Nobrega, Marcy Marcy Goldstein-Gelb, M. Montano, Marlene Abreu, I. Lopez, J. Arevalo, S. Bruce, L. Punnett

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

This study identified the unique barriers low-wage workers face to sustaining a healthy weight, and presented results at a public forum in the fall, 2012. That presentation is galvanizing policy makers, employers, and employees to action. Presenters will explain how this academic-community partnership is translating research results into policy change. This presentation is part of the mini-symposium titled: How Community-Academic Partnership Initiatives Can Contribute to Translational Research.


Health Information Seeking On Behalf Of Others: Characteristics Of ‘Surrogate Seekers’, Sarah L. Cutrona, Kathleen M. Mazor, Sana Naveed, Tama M. Luger, Julie E. Volkman, Lila J. Rutten 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Health Information Seeking On Behalf Of Others: Characteristics Of ‘Surrogate Seekers’, Sarah L. Cutrona, Kathleen M. Mazor, Sana Naveed, Tama M. Luger, Julie E. Volkman, Lila J. Rutten

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Understanding the health information seeking behaviors of surrogate seekers (those who seek health information for others) may guide efforts to reach disadvantaged populations. We used 2011-2012 data from the Health Information National Trends Survey to describe the behaviors of online surrogate seekers. Respondents were asked about their use of the Internet for surrogate seeking over the prior 12 months. Data were weighted to calculate population estimates. Compared to those who sought health information online for only themselves, surrogate seekers were more likely to live in households with others (weighted percent 89.4% vs. 82.5% of self-seekers; p < 0.05); no significant differences in gender, race, income or education were observed. Surrogate seekers were more likely to report: visits to social networking sites to read and share about medical topics; participation in online health support groups and downloading of health information to electronic devices. On multivariate analysis, those who had looked online for a healthcare provider were more likely to be surrogate seekers (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.08-2.59). Our results offer insight for leveraging health communication efforts to reach populations who rely upon surrogate seekers for health information.


The Role Of Glutamate And Gaba In Autism Spectrum Disorders: Pilot Results From A Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Study, David E. Cochran, Elif M. Sikoglu, Daniel Fallon, David N. Kennedy, Steven M. Hodge, Ann Foley, Lauren J. Yakutis, Constance M. Moore, Jean A. Frazier 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Role Of Glutamate And Gaba In Autism Spectrum Disorders: Pilot Results From A Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Study, David E. Cochran, Elif M. Sikoglu, Daniel Fallon, David N. Kennedy, Steven M. Hodge, Ann Foley, Lauren J. Yakutis, Constance M. Moore, Jean A. Frazier

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Objectives: To measure the levels of glutamate, a major excitatory neurotransmitter; glutamine, a metabolite of glutamate; and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a major inhibitory neurotransmitter; in a pilot study of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) findings in adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD).

Methods: The subjects were assessed with the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), the Reading the Mind in the Eyes test (RMET) and the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). 1H-MRS measures of the anterior cingulate cortex were conducted using a Philips 3.0 T scanner.

Results: To date, we have completed the data analysis on 18 subjects, 8 with ASD ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress