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Genetics Of Serum Bdnf: Meta-Analysis Of The Val66met And Genome-Wide Association Study, Antonio Terracciano PhD, Maria Grazia Piras, Monia Lobina, Antonella Mulas, Osorio Meirelles, Angelina R. Sutin PhD, Wayne Chan, Serena Sanna, Manuela Uda, Laura Crisponi, David Schlessinger 2011 The Florida State University

Genetics Of Serum Bdnf: Meta-Analysis Of The Val66met And Genome-Wide Association Study, Antonio Terracciano Phd, Maria Grazia Piras, Monia Lobina, Antonella Mulas, Osorio Meirelles, Angelina R. Sutin Phd, Wayne Chan, Serena Sanna, Manuela Uda, Laura Crisponi, David Schlessinger

Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications

Abstract Objectives. Lower levels of serum brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is one of the best known biomarkers of depression. To identify genetic variants associated with serum BDNF, we tested the Val66Met (rs6265) functional variant and conducted a genome-wide association scan (GWAS). Methods. In a community-based sample (N = 2054; aged 19-101, M = 51, SD = 15) from Sardinia, Italy, we measured serum BDNF concentration and conducted a GWAS. Results. We estimated the heritability of serum BDNF to be 0.48 from sib-pairs. There was no association between serum BDNF and Val66Met in the SardiNIA sample and in a meta-analysis of published ...


Pathological Personality Traits Among Patients With Absent, Current, And Remitted Substance Use Disorders, Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, Andrew E. Skodol, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Emily B. Ansell, Thomas H. McGlashan, John C. Markowitz, Anthony Pinto, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Robert L. Stout 2011 Wesleyan University

Pathological Personality Traits Among Patients With Absent, Current, And Remitted Substance Use Disorders, Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, Andrew E. Skodol, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Emily B. Ansell, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John C. Markowitz, Anthony Pinto, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Robert L. Stout

Charles A. Sanislow

Personality traits may provide underlying risk factors for and/or sequelae to substance use disorders (SUDs). In this study Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP) traits were compared in a clinical sample (N=704, age 18–45) with current, past, or no historical alcohol or non-alcohol substance use disorders (AUD and NASUD) as assessed by DSM-IV semi-structured interview. Results corroborated previous research in showing associations of negative temperament and disinhibition to SUD, highlighting the importance of these traits for indicating substance use proclivity or the chronic effects of substance use. Certain traits (manipulativeness, self-harm, disinhibition, and impulsivity for AUD ...


Developing Statutes For Competence To Stand Trial In Juvenile Delinquency Proceedings: A Guide For Lawmakers, Kimberly A. Larson, Thomas Grisso, National Youth Screening & Assessment Project 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Developing Statutes For Competence To Stand Trial In Juvenile Delinquency Proceedings: A Guide For Lawmakers, Kimberly A. Larson, Thomas Grisso, National Youth Screening & Assessment Project

Center for Mental Health Services Research Publications and Presentations

The National Youth Screening and Assessment Project, part of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation’s Models for Change Initiative recently released a guide for policymakers who are considering creating juvenile competence to stand trial legislation. Authored by Kimberly Larson, J.D., Ph.D. and Thomas Grisso, Ph.D., the guide outlines the sixteen most important points lawmakers must consider in the creation of such legislation. Statutory language examples are provided throughout the guide on each of the sixteen key issues.

This guide provides a comprehensive look at juveniles’ competence to stand trial. It will be of use ...


Associations Between Young Adults' Use Of Sexually Explicit Materials And Their Sexual Preferences, Behaviors, And Satisfaction, Elizabeth M. Morgan 2011 Boise State University

Associations Between Young Adults' Use Of Sexually Explicit Materials And Their Sexual Preferences, Behaviors, And Satisfaction, Elizabeth M. Morgan

Psychology Faculty Publications and Presentations

The present study examined how levels of sexually explicit material (SEM) use during adolescence and young adulthood were associated with sexual preferences, sexual behaviors, and sexual and relationship satisfaction. Participants included 782 heterosexual college students (326 men and 456 women; Mage = 19.9) who completed a questionnaire online. Results revealed high frequencies and multiple types and contexts of SEM use, with men’s usage rates systematically higher than women’s. Regression analyses revealed that both the frequency of SEM use and number of SEM types viewed were uniquely associated with more sexual experience (a higher number of overall and casual ...


Peer Influence: Use Of Alcohol, Tobacco, And Prescription Medications, Mary E. Pritchard, Alberto Varela 2011 Boise State University

Peer Influence: Use Of Alcohol, Tobacco, And Prescription Medications, Mary E. Pritchard, Alberto Varela

Psychology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Objective: Risk-taking behavior (e.g., alcohol abuse, tobacco usage, misuse of prescription medications) among college students is a widespread problem. Our study focused not only on the frequency of risky health behaviors in college students, but also the companions with whom they engaged in such behaviors.

Methods: Three hundred and twelve college students completed a survey examining the frequency with which they engaged in alcohol, tobacco, and improper prescription medication use, as well as with whom they were most likely to engage in these behaviors.

Results: Results indicated that participants were most likely to take health risks when accompanied by ...


Prospective Investigation Of A Ptsd Personality Typology Among Individuals With Personality Disorders, Meghan E. McDevitt-Murphy, M. Tracie Shea, Shirley Yen, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, John C. Markowitz, Andrew E. Skodol 2011 Wesleyan University

Prospective Investigation Of A Ptsd Personality Typology Among Individuals With Personality Disorders, Meghan E. Mcdevitt-Murphy, M. Tracie Shea, Shirley Yen, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, John C. Markowitz, Andrew E. Skodol

Division III Faculty Publications

This study investigated the replicability of a previously proposed personality typology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, and explored stability of cluster membership over a 6-month period. Participants with current PTSD (n = 156) were drawn from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (CLPS). The CLPS project tracked a large sample of individuals who met criteria for 1 of 4 target diagnoses (borderline, schizotypal, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive) and a contrast group of individuals who met criteria for depression but no personality disorder. A cluster analysis using scales from the Schedule of Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality yielded 3 clusters: “internalizing,” “externalizing,” and “low ...


Pathological Personality Traits Among Patients With Absent, Current, And Remitted Substance Use Disorders, Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, Andrew E. Skodol, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Emily B. Ansell, Thomas H. McGlashan, John C. Markowitz, Anthony Pinto, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Robert L. Stout 2011 Wesleyan University

Pathological Personality Traits Among Patients With Absent, Current, And Remitted Substance Use Disorders, Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, Andrew E. Skodol, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Emily B. Ansell, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John C. Markowitz, Anthony Pinto, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Robert L. Stout

Division III Faculty Publications

Personality traits may provide underlying risk factors for and/or sequelae to substance use disorders (SUDs). In this study Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP) traits were compared in a clinical sample (N=704, age 18–45) with current, past, or no historical alcohol or non-alcohol substance use disorders (AUD and NASUD) as assessed by DSM-IV semi-structured interview. Results corroborated previous research in showing associations of negative temperament and disinhibition to SUD, highlighting the importance of these traits for indicating substance use proclivity or the chronic effects of substance use. Certain traits (manipulativeness, self-harm, disinhibition, and impulsivity for AUD ...


Factors Related To Psychiatric Readmissions In A Large Community Academic Hospital, William Stern, Edward R. Norris MD, FAPA, FAPM, Karen Burke RN, Julia R. Correll BA, Michael Kaufmann MD 2011 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Factors Related To Psychiatric Readmissions In A Large Community Academic Hospital, William Stern, Edward R. Norris Md, Fapa, Fapm, Karen Burke Rn, Julia R. Correll Ba, Michael Kaufmann Md

Department of Psychiatry

No abstract provided.


Mission Community Re-Entry For Women (Mission-Crew) Program Development And Implementation, Debra A. Pinals, Laura Guy, Carl E. Fulwiler, Andrea Leverentz, Stephanie W. Hartwell, Elizabeth Aaker Orvek 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Mission Community Re-Entry For Women (Mission-Crew) Program Development And Implementation, Debra A. Pinals, Laura Guy, Carl E. Fulwiler, Andrea Leverentz, Stephanie W. Hartwell, Elizabeth Aaker Orvek

Psychiatry Information in Brief

Describes a study that examined the impact of the MISSION-CREW (Maintaining Independence and Sobriety through Systems Integration, Outreach, and Networking Community Re-Entry for Women) model of care on criminal justice outcomes for women released from MCI-Framingham and South Middlesex Correctional Center (SMCC) in Massachusetts.

Originally published as: Research in the Works, Issue 5, 2011.


Incorporating Tobacco Cessation Activities In Iccd Clubhouses, Colleen E. McKay, Douglas M. Ziedonis, Valerie F. Williams 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Incorporating Tobacco Cessation Activities In Iccd Clubhouses, Colleen E. Mckay, Douglas M. Ziedonis, Valerie F. Williams

Psychiatry Information in Brief

The Clubhouse Model of Psychosocial Rehabilitation offers a variety of supports for members (individuals diagnosed with a Serious Mental Illness [SMI]) to help them recover and lead productive and satisfying lives. Clubhouse services include community-based employment, education, housing, outreach, advocacy, assistance with accessing health care, and social supports. Research shows that people with SMI smoke more than the general population, and are at greater risk of co-morbid health problems and premature death associated with tobacco use, obesity and inadequate health care. The purpose of this tobacco cessation project is to address tobacco use and establish health promotion interventions in clubhouses ...


Associations Of Daily Eating Episodes, And Eating Away-From-Home With Blood Level Of Total Cholesterol, Yunsheng Ma, Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson, Edward J. Stanek, Nancy L. Cohen, Ira S. Ockene 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Associations Of Daily Eating Episodes, And Eating Away-From-Home With Blood Level Of Total Cholesterol, Yunsheng Ma, Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson, Edward J. Stanek, Nancy L. Cohen, Ira S. Ockene

Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations

The objective of this investigation is to describe the associations of number of eating episodes and proportion of meals eaten away from home with total serum cholesterol. Data from 499 participants, recruited from a health maintenance organization in central Massachusetts, aged 20-70, were used for this analysis. Dietary information and total blood cholesterol were obtained at five sampling points (baseline and four consecutive quarters) during the one-year follow-up. A cross-sectional study was conducted. The results from the study do not support the hypothesis that the number of eating episodes per day is associated with total blood cholesterol. However, we noted ...


Smoking Cessation Outcomes Among Individuals With Substance Use And/Or Psychiatric Disorders, Milan Khara, Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli 2011 University of Kentucky

Smoking Cessation Outcomes Among Individuals With Substance Use And/Or Psychiatric Disorders, Milan Khara, Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli

Nursing Faculty Publications

Objectives: The population of individuals with substance use (SUD) and/or psychiatric disorders (PD) has a high prevalence of smoking and a consequent increase in tobacco-related morbidity and mortality when compared to the general population. The aim of this study is to examine the outcomes of a program in a real-life setting which takes a tailored approach to smoking cessation among individuals with SUD and/or PD.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of tailored tobacco dependence treatment was performed on individuals with histories of SUD and/or PD attending a Tobacco Dependence Clinic (TDC) program in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada ...


Public Perception Study 2011: Mental Illness, Drug And Alcohol Abuse, Oscar T. McKnight 2011 SelectedWorks

Public Perception Study 2011: Mental Illness, Drug And Alcohol Abuse, Oscar T. Mcknight

Oscar T McKnight

This study examined the public perception of mental illness, drug and alcohol abuse. Field-interviews with participants occurred "on the street" with no difficulty. Participants offered ten general recommendations to professionals developing programs for mental illness, drug or alcohol abuse. The public stressed the professional responsibilities of physicians, pharmacists, counselors and teachers to prevent drug abuse.


Depicting Estimates Using The Intercept In Meta-Regression Models: The Moving Constant Technique, Blair T. Johnson Dr., Tania B. Huedo-Medina Dr. 2011 University of Connecticut

Depicting Estimates Using The Intercept In Meta-Regression Models: The Moving Constant Technique, Blair T. Johnson Dr., Tania B. Huedo-Medina Dr.

CHIP Documents

In any scientific discipline, the ability to portray research patterns graphically often aids greatly in interpreting a phenomenon. In part to depict phenomena, the statistics and capabilities of meta-analytic models have grown increasingly sophisticated. Accordingly, this article details how to move the constant in weighted meta-analysis regression models (viz. “meta-regression”) to illuminate the patterns in such models across a range of complexities. Although it is commonly ignored in practice, the constant (or intercept) in such models can be indispensible when it is not relegated to its usual static role. The moving constant technique makes possible estimates and confidence intervals at ...


Treatment Of Rheumatoid Arthritis With Marine And Botanical Oils: Influence On Serum Lipids, Barbara C. Olendzki, Katherine Leung, Susan Van Buskirk, George W. Reed, Robert B. Zurier 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Treatment Of Rheumatoid Arthritis With Marine And Botanical Oils: Influence On Serum Lipids, Barbara C. Olendzki, Katherine Leung, Susan Van Buskirk, George W. Reed, Robert B. Zurier

Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations

The gap in mortality between patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the general population (1.5-3.0 fold risk) is increasing. This disparity is attributable mainly to cardiovascular disease (CVD), as the CVD risk is comparable to patients with diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study is to determine whether borage seed oil rich in gamma-linolenic acid, fish oil rich in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), or the combination of both oils are useful treatments for dyslipidemia in patients with RA. We randomized patients into a double blind, 18 month trial. Mixed effects models were used to compare ...


Social Goals In Urban Physical Education: Relationships With Effort And Disruptive Behavior, Alex C. Garn, Nate McCaughtry, Bo Shen, Jeffrey J. Martin, Mariane Fahlman 2011 Wayne State University

Social Goals In Urban Physical Education: Relationships With Effort And Disruptive Behavior, Alex C. Garn, Nate Mccaughtry, Bo Shen, Jeffrey J. Martin, Mariane Fahlman

Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies

This study investigated the relationships among four distinct types of social goals, effort, and disruptive behavior in urban physical education. Social responsibility, affiliation, recognition, status goals, along with effort and disruptive behavior in physical education were reported by high school physical education students (N = 314) from three urban schools. Findings from correlation and structural equa- tion modeling analyses revealed that social responsibility goals had a positive relationship with effort and an inverse relationship with disruptive behavior. Social status goals demonstrated a positive relationship with disruptive behavior and no relationship with effort. Social recognition goal results were mixed, as they had ...


Smart Rehabilitation For The 21st Century: The Tampa Smart Home For Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury, Jan Jasiewicz, William D. Kearns, Jeffrey Craighead, James L. Fozard, Steven Scott, Jay McCarthy 2011 University of South Florida

Smart Rehabilitation For The 21st Century: The Tampa Smart Home For Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury, Jan Jasiewicz, William D. Kearns, Jeffrey Craighead, James L. Fozard, Steven Scott, Jay Mccarthy

William D. Kearns, PhD

No abstract provided.


Smart Rehabilitation For The 21st Century: The Tampa Smart Home For Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury, Jan Jasiewicz, William D. Kearns, Jeffrey Craighead, James L. Fozard, Steven Scott, Jay McCarthy 2011 University of South Florida

Smart Rehabilitation For The 21st Century: The Tampa Smart Home For Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury, Jan Jasiewicz, William D. Kearns, Jeffrey Craighead, James L. Fozard, Steven Scott, Jay Mccarthy

Rehabilitation and Mental Health Counseling Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Self-Harm Subscale Of The Schedule Of Nonadaptive And Adaptive Personality (Snap): Predicting Suicide Attempts Over 8 Years Of Follow-Up, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, Zach Walsh, Maria O. Edelen, Christopher J. Hopwood, John C. Markowitz, Emily B. Ansell, Leslie C. Morey, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Andrew E. Skodol, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Thomas H. McGlashan 2011 Wesleyan University

Self-Harm Subscale Of The Schedule Of Nonadaptive And Adaptive Personality (Snap): Predicting Suicide Attempts Over 8 Years Of Follow-Up, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, Zach Walsh, Maria O. Edelen, Christopher J. Hopwood, John C. Markowitz, Emily B. Ansell, Leslie C. Morey, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Andrew E. Skodol, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Thomas H. Mcglashan

Division III Faculty Publications

Objective: We examined the predictive power of the self-harm subscale of the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP) to identify suicide attempters in the Collaborative Longitudinal Study of Personality Disorders (CLPS).

Method: The SNAP, a self-report personality inventory, was administered to 733 CLPS participants at baseline, of whom 701 (96%) had at least 6 months of follow-up data. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed to examine the SNAP–self-harm subscale (SNAP- SH) in predicting the 129 suicide attempters over 8 years of follow-up. Possible moderators of prediction were examined, including borderline personality disorder, major depressive disorder (MDD), and ...


Trait Dissociation And The Subjective Affective, Motivational, And Phenomenological Experience Of Self-Defining Memories, Angelina R. Sutin PhD, Gary D. Stockdale 2011 The Florida State University

Trait Dissociation And The Subjective Affective, Motivational, And Phenomenological Experience Of Self-Defining Memories, Angelina R. Sutin Phd, Gary D. Stockdale

Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications

The present research reports 2 studies that examine the relation between nonpathological trait dissociation and the subjective affect, motivation, and phenomenology of self-defining memories. In Study 1 (N=293), participants retrieved and rated the emotional and motivational experience of a general and a positive and negative achievement-related memory. Study 2 (N=449) extended these ratings to relationship-related memories and the phenomenological experience of the memory. Dissociation was associated with incongruent affect in valenced memories (e.g., positive affect in a negative memory) and memories that were visually incoherent and saturated with power motivation, hubristic pride, and shame, regardless of valence ...


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