Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Psychiatry and Psychology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

6,986 Full-Text Articles 11,557 Authors 3,319,570 Downloads 237 Institutions

All Articles in Psychiatry and Psychology

Faceted Search

6,986 full-text articles. Page 29 of 223.

Innovative Airport Visual Aids To Enhance Situational Awareness And Flight Training For General Aviation, Wesley Major, Sarah Hubbard 2017 Wright State University

Innovative Airport Visual Aids To Enhance Situational Awareness And Flight Training For General Aviation, Wesley Major, Sarah Hubbard

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

Runway incursionsare a threat to runway safety andhave been increasing in recent years. Incursions are categorized into three categories, pilot deviations (PD), operational incidents (OI), and vehicle pedestrian deviations (VPD). At general aviation airports, PDs are the most prevalent runway incursion type. Inadequate situational awareness is one of the human factors associated with PDs. Student pilots,pilots flying to an unfamiliar airport, ground operations personnel, and emergencyplanning and emergency responders can benefit from the use of visual aids that extend beyond an airport diagram or static Google Earth imagery. More robust visual aids can potentially increase situational awareness and reduce ...


Development Of Increasingly Autonomous Traffic Data Manager Using Pilot Relevancy And Ranking Data, Lisa R. Le Vie, Vincent E. Houston 2017 Wright State University

Development Of Increasingly Autonomous Traffic Data Manager Using Pilot Relevancy And Ranking Data, Lisa R. Le Vie, Vincent E. Houston

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

NASA’s Safe Autonomous Systems Operations (SASO) project goal is to define and safely enable all future airspace operations by justifiable and optimal autonomy for advanced air, ground, and connected capabilities. This work showcases how Increasingly Autonomous Systems (IAS) could create operational transformations beneficial to the enhancement of civil aviationsafety and efficiency. One such IAS under development is the Traffic Data Manager (TDM). This concept is a prototype ‘intelligent party-line’ system that would declutter and parse out non-relevant air traffic, displaying only relevant air traffic to the aircrewin a digital data communications (DataComm) environment. As an initial step, over 22 ...


Student Perceptions On The Usefulness Of Simulation-Based Training, Andrea M. Georgiou, Megan E. Wertheimer, Megan E. Snodgrass 2017 Wright State University

Student Perceptions On The Usefulness Of Simulation-Based Training, Andrea M. Georgiou, Megan E. Wertheimer, Megan E. Snodgrass

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

The NASA Flight Operations Center Unified Simulation (FOCUS) lab is a high-fidelity simulation of an airline operations center. Its purpose is to train senior aerospace students to collaborate and communicate effectively with team members in a highly interdependent environment that mirrors the airline industry. Data wascollected from the participants on their perceptions and the lessons learned from running the lab. These results were analyzed across elevensemestersover the last five years. Specifically,the quantitative data captured student perceptions about whether the lab was helpful in preparing them for their future job demands. The qualitative questions assessed their most important lessons learned ...


An Interdisciplinary Approach To Evaluating U.S. Army Aviation Training, Martin S. Goodwin, Lauren Reinerman-Jones, Brian F. Goldiez, Robert A. Crapanzano 2017 Wright State University

An Interdisciplinary Approach To Evaluating U.S. Army Aviation Training, Martin S. Goodwin, Lauren Reinerman-Jones, Brian F. Goldiez, Robert A. Crapanzano

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

The U.S. Army is seeking to update and expand its use of simulation-based aviation trainingto address operational and fiscal concerns that are driving the need for more efficient training solutions.This has created a needto evaluate whether lower-cost, game-based simulations may potentially augment higher-cost, traditional simulation-based trainingfor specific aviation training tasks.However, current approaches to Training Effectiveness Evaluation (TEE) do not address the complete range of factors to adequately evaluate today’s increasingly sophisticated simulation training environments. Leveraging recent research and drawing from the tools and techniques of human performance assessment, instructional science, and phenomenology, an interdisciplinary approach to ...


The Effect Of Surprise On Upset Recovery Performance, Annemarie Landman, Eric L. Groen, M.M. (René) van Paassen, Adelbert W. Bronkhorst, Max Mulder 2017 Wright State University

The Effect Of Surprise On Upset Recovery Performance, Annemarie Landman, Eric L. Groen, M.M. (René) Van Paassen, Adelbert W. Bronkhorst, Max Mulder

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

Introducing the element of surprise is one of the main challenges in simulator training of in-flight emergencies. In this simulator study, we investigated the differences in performance betweenpredictable and surprising circumstances, in order to obtaininsight into the transferof training between predictable training settings and surprising circumstances in operational practice. This was done bytestingtwenty airline pilots who recovered froman aerodynamic stall in two conditions: one anticipationcondition and one surprise condition. All pilots practiced beforehand using predictable, or non-surprising scenarios. The results show that pilots had significantly more difficulties in adhering to components of the FAA-commissioned recovery template in the surprise condition ...


What Information About Consumers Predicts Their Trust In Autopilots?, Mattie Milner, Rian Mehta, Stephen Rice, Scott Winter, Matt Pierce 2017 Wright State University

What Information About Consumers Predicts Their Trust In Autopilots?, Mattie Milner, Rian Mehta, Stephen Rice, Scott Winter, Matt Pierce

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

In order for pilots to carry passengers from one destination to another they must rely on their indicators and controls to take them there safely. This also includes their ability to use autopilot technology to help facilitate ease of travel and safety for not only pilots but passengers, as well. Autopilot technology is always advancing and now we are seeing that technology being incorporated into commercial aviation and UAS’s doing tasks such as transporting goods to people’s homes to performing military operations Despite this advancement in technology, passengers may feel nervous about pilots relying on autopilot technology for ...


A Pedagogical Approach To Teach Aviation Students How To Conduct Situation Awareness Research, Andrew R. Dattel, Andrey Babin, Tianhua Li, Ziyi Dong, Stephanie G. Fussell, Qianru Yang 2017 Wright State University

A Pedagogical Approach To Teach Aviation Students How To Conduct Situation Awareness Research, Andrew R. Dattel, Andrey Babin, Tianhua Li, Ziyi Dong, Stephanie G. Fussell, Qianru Yang

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

Situation awareness (SA) has been investigated in the aviation industry for decades and recently has become more prominent in other industries. For example, healthcare has experienced tremendous growth in SA research and training. Despite agreement among researchers that SA is important for performance and safety in complex domains, less agreement exists for defining and measuring SA. Certain industries (e.g., aviation, healthcare, process control operations) often have specific methods on how to approach SA. These approaches of introducing employees and students to SA in a specific context may inadvertently limit their full appreciation and understanding of this construct.


Design Considerations For Attitude State Awareness And Prevention Of Entry Into Unusual Attitudes, Kyle K.E. Ellis, Lawrence J. (Lance) Prinzel III, Jarvis J. (Trey) Arthur, Stephanie N. Nicholas, Captain Daniel Kiggins, Harry Verstynen, Captain Clay Hubbs, Captain James Wilkerson 2017 Wright State University

Design Considerations For Attitude State Awareness And Prevention Of Entry Into Unusual Attitudes, Kyle K.E. Ellis, Lawrence J. (Lance) Prinzel Iii, Jarvis J. (Trey) Arthur, Stephanie N. Nicholas, Captain Daniel Kiggins, Harry Verstynen, Captain Clay Hubbs, Captain James Wilkerson

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

Loss of control –inflight (LOC-I) has historically represented the largest category of commercial aviation fatal accidents. A review of the worldwide transport airplane accidents (2001-2010) evinced that loss of attitude or energy state awareness was responsible for a large majority of the LOC-I events. A Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) study of 18 worldwide loss-of-control accidents and incidents determined that flight crew loss of attitude awareness or energy state awareness due to lack of external visual reference cues was a significant causal factor in 17 of the 18 reviewed flights. CAST recommended that “Virtual Day-Visual Meteorological Condition” (Virtual Day-VMC) displays ...


Self-Leadership Strategies & Performance Perspectives Within Student Aviation Teams, Christopher Ryan Bearden 2017 Wright State University

Self-Leadership Strategies & Performance Perspectives Within Student Aviation Teams, Christopher Ryan Bearden

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

Thisstudy uses a correlational-design to explore relationships betweenpeer ratings of team member effectiveness, supervisor ratings of performance, and self-reportedperformancestrategiesassociated with self-leadership.Team members that were perceived as effective by their peers were also favorably rated on job performance by their supervisors. Peer-ratings onpossession of job-relevant knowledge, skills, and abilitiesincreased with frequency of communication behaviors, as rated by supervisors.This finding replicates previous research that suggests talking leads to perceived expertise in teams.Finally, self-goal setting was found to be related to peer-rated teammate effectiveness, but not supervisor-rated performance.


Quantifying Pilot Contribution To Flight Safety During An In-Flight Airspeed Failure, Timothy J. Etherington, Rockwell Collins, Lynda J. Kramer, Randall E. Bailey, Kellie D. Kennedey 2017 Wright State University

Quantifying Pilot Contribution To Flight Safety During An In-Flight Airspeed Failure, Timothy J. Etherington, Rockwell Collins, Lynda J. Kramer, Randall E. Bailey, Kellie D. Kennedey

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

Accident statistics cite the flight crew as a causal factor in over 60% of large transport fatal accidents. Yet a well-trained and well-qualified crew is acknowledged as the critical center point of aircraft systemssafety and an integral component of the entire commercial aviation system. A human-in-the-loop test was conducted using a Level D certifiedBoeing 737-800 simulator to evaluate the pilot’s contribution to safety-of-flight during routine air carrier flightoperations and in response to system failures. To quantify the human’s contribution, crew complement was used as an independent variable in a between-subjects design. This paper details the crew’s actions ...


Synthetic Vision System Commercial Aircraft Flight Deck Display Technologies For Unusual Attitude Recovery, Lawrence (Lance) J. Prinzel III, Kyle E. Ellis, Jarvis (Trey) J. Arthur, Stephanie N. Nicholas, Captain Daniel Kiggins 2017 Wright State University

Synthetic Vision System Commercial Aircraft Flight Deck Display Technologies For Unusual Attitude Recovery, Lawrence (Lance) J. Prinzel Iii, Kyle E. Ellis, Jarvis (Trey) J. Arthur, Stephanie N. Nicholas, Captain Daniel Kiggins

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

A Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) study of 18 worldwide loss-of-control accidents and incidents determined that the lack of external visual references was associated with aflight crew’s loss of attitude awareness or energy state awareness in 17 of these events. Therefore, CAST recommended development and implementation of virtual day-Visual Meteorological Condition (VMC)display systems, such as synthetic vision systems, whichcan promoteflight crew attitude awareness similar to a day-VMC environment. This paper describes the results of a high-fidelity, large transport aircraft simulation experimentthatevaluatedvirtual day-VMC displays and a “background attitude indicator” concept as an aid to pilots in recovery from unusual ...


Sms Hazard Analysis At A University Flight School, Don Crews, Wendy Beckman 2017 Wright State University

Sms Hazard Analysis At A University Flight School, Don Crews, Wendy Beckman

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

For the last several years, the flight school of a mid-sizeduniversity has been working to implement a safety management system (SMS). As part of the effort, a robust self-reporting system has been developed, from which data has been used to effect changes in school policies and procedures. In thisproject, the safety reports that have accumulated over the life of the reporting systemwere classified based on the hazards experiencedwhich caused the report generation.Non-use of standard procedures was found to be theleading hazard, with 90 of the 176 reports indicating improper procedure application. The traffic pattern at the non-towered airport wherethe ...


Objective And Subjective Evaluation Of Anew Lidar-Based Speed Prediction And Advisory Display, Jorg Onno Entzinger, Tomoko Iijima, Tsuneharu Uemura, Jun Matsumoto, Naoki Matayoshi, Shinji Suzuki 2017 Wright State University

Objective And Subjective Evaluation Of Anew Lidar-Based Speed Prediction And Advisory Display, Jorg Onno Entzinger, Tomoko Iijima, Tsuneharu Uemura, Jun Matsumoto, Naoki Matayoshi, Shinji Suzuki

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

We evaluate a newly developed symbology that provides the pilot predicted and advisory airspeed information. This information is not only based on the current state of the aircraft, but also takes into account the wind field ahead of the aircraft measured by an onboard LIDAR system. Airline pilots flew landing approaches in wind shear scenarios that demanded careful consideration of whether to land on go-aroundin JAXA's full flight simulator. We obtained both subjective evaluations and objective data including flight performance, eye recoder data, electrocardiogram (ECG), electroencephalogram (EEG), and performance on a simple visual secondary task. The pilots considered all ...


Intelligent Multi-Unmanned Vehicle Planner With Adaptive Collaborative/Control Technologies (Impact), Mark Draper, Gloria Calhoun, Michael Hansen, Scott Douglass, Sarah Spriggs, Michael Patzek, Allen Rowe, Dakota Evans, Heath Ruff, Kyle Behymer, Michael Howard, George Bearden, Elizabeth Frost 2017 Wright State University

Intelligent Multi-Unmanned Vehicle Planner With Adaptive Collaborative/Control Technologies (Impact), Mark Draper, Gloria Calhoun, Michael Hansen, Scott Douglass, Sarah Spriggs, Michael Patzek, Allen Rowe, Dakota Evans, Heath Ruff, Kyle Behymer, Michael Howard, George Bearden, Elizabeth Frost

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

Thissymposium provides an overview of a researcheffort that integrated several autonomy advancements into a control station prototype to flexibly teama single human operator with heterogeneous unmanned vehicles. The autonomy related technologies optimize asset allocation, plan vehicle routes, recommend courses of actionand provide a distributed support architecturefeaturing an extensible software framework.This effort also integrated these technologies with novel human-autonomy interfaces that allow operators to effectively manage UxV viahigh level “play” commands. Evaluation results indicatethat the innovative approach supports operator-autonomy teaming for effective management of a dozen simulated vehicles performing base defense tasks.


Adaptive Automation Based On Air Traffic Controller Decision-Making, M. Ijtsma, C. Borst, G.A. Mercado-Velasco, M. Mulder, M.M. van Paassen 2017 Wright State University

Adaptive Automation Based On Air Traffic Controller Decision-Making, M. Ijtsma, C. Borst, G.A. Mercado-Velasco, M. Mulder, M.M. Van Paassen

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

Through smart scheduling and triggering of automation support, adaptive automation has the potential to balance air traffic controller workload. The challenge in the design of adaptive automation systems isto decide how and when the automation should provide support. This paper describes the design of a novel mechanismfor adaptively invoking automation support. Whereas most adaptive automation support systems are reactive in that they invoke automation support aftercontroller workload has increased, the aim of the designed mechanism is to proactively trigger automation support priorto workload increases. To do this, the mechanism assesses the quality of air traffic controller's decisions ...


Does The Projected-Hand Illusion Help In Teleoperation?, Lloyd Wajon, M.M. (René) van Paassen, David A. Abbink, Erwin Boer, Max Mulder 2017 Wright State University

Does The Projected-Hand Illusion Help In Teleoperation?, Lloyd Wajon, M.M. (René) Van Paassen, David A. Abbink, Erwin Boer, Max Mulder

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

A body illusion, commonly known in the form of the “Rubber Hand Illusion”, is an illusion wherein visual inputs on an inanimate object and simultaneous tactile inputs on a part of the body lead to a situation where the inanimate object is identified as the body part. This study investigated the possibility of inducing a body illusion during a teleoperated reaching task, to see if this leads toincreased telepresence and improved accuracy. Three conditions were presented in random order; the Direct Control (DC) condition, where the participant’s hand is shown on the screen, the Projected Hand Illusion (PHI) condition ...


Application Of Big Data Systems To Aviation And Aerospace Fields; Pertinent Human Factors Considerations, Chang-Guen Oh 2017 Wright State University

Application Of Big Data Systems To Aviation And Aerospace Fields; Pertinent Human Factors Considerations, Chang-Guen Oh

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

The aviation and aerospacearetypical areas that can apply big data systems due to theirscales. This paper identifies aviation/aerospaceareas that canutilize big data infrastructures to enhance their operational performances, and lightens human factors considerations related to the use of big data. The NextGen’s network-centric infrastructure defines sharing a huge amount of aeronautics, flight, and weather dataunder the system wide information management program. Sensors installed on aircraft components extract huge numbers of aircraft health and operational status data.All professionals who work in the different aviation sectorsrequire this shared situational awareness information for their own distinctive purposes, and big data ...


Cognitive Ergonomics And Knowledge Management: A New Model Of Addressing Aviation Issues, Ronald John Lofaro 2017 Wright State University

Cognitive Ergonomics And Knowledge Management: A New Model Of Addressing Aviation Issues, Ronald John Lofaro

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

The field of cognitive/knowledge engineering (CE/KE) has expanded to encompassa subset called knowledge management (KM).The main difference between KM and KE isthat the knowledge manager establishes the direction the process should take, whereas the knowledge engineer develops the means to accomplish that direction. Cognitive Ergonomics, also a discipline within CE/KE, deals with decision-making, skilled performance(s) and trainingwith a focus onthe fit between human cognitive abilities/limitations and selected task(s)... all areasvital to aviation. This paper will briefly showthe components and processes of anew model for decision-making usingall these disciplines andPareto analysis in a blended ...


Understanding Pilots’ Explanations Of Automation Surprises, Robert Mauro, Loukia Loukopoulou, Julia Trippe 2017 Wright State University

Understanding Pilots’ Explanations Of Automation Surprises, Robert Mauro, Loukia Loukopoulou, Julia Trippe

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

Automation surprise may result from inadequate or mistaken “mental models” of the automation (Sarter and Woods, 1995). To study pilots’ mental models of their automation, 202 airline pilots were asked to explain five different events involving unexpected behaviors of aircraft automation. Pilots’ abilities to correctly explain the behavior of the automation differed systematically across the scenarios. The number of complete and correct responses varied from 19% to 86%, depending on the scenario. As the complexity of the automation increased, understanding decreased. Performance on the scenarios was not related to flight experience, automation experience, or source of automation training. But pilots ...


An Eeg Data Investigation Using Only Artifacts, Chelsey Credlebaugh, Paul Middendorf, Matt Middendorf, Scott Galster 2017 Wright State University

An Eeg Data Investigation Using Only Artifacts, Chelsey Credlebaugh, Paul Middendorf, Matt Middendorf, Scott Galster

International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - 2017

For decades, it has been reportedthat theelectroencephalogram (EEG) isa positive indicator of mental workload. However, EEG signals are easily affected by artifacts.Anartifact mediation approach, called artifact separation, was developed to enable the consumer of the EEG data to decide how to handle artifacts. The current investigation uses onlydata contaminated by artifacts and discards the artifact free data.This was doneto solve a problem associated with data collection.Specifically, in an experiment, EEGelectrodeleadsforT3 and Fzwere swapped where they were connected to the signal acquisition hardware. To facilitate analysis of the data, it was essential to determine whenthe swap occurred. This ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress