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Trait Dissociation And The Subjective Affective, Motivational, And Phenomenological Experience Of Self-Defining Memories, Angelina R. Sutin PhD, Gary D. Stockdale 2011 The Florida State University

Trait Dissociation And The Subjective Affective, Motivational, And Phenomenological Experience Of Self-Defining Memories, Angelina R. Sutin Phd, Gary D. Stockdale

Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications

The present research reports 2 studies that examine the relation between nonpathological trait dissociation and the subjective affect, motivation, and phenomenology of self-defining memories. In Study 1 (N=293), participants retrieved and rated the emotional and motivational experience of a general and a positive and negative achievement-related memory. Study 2 (N=449) extended these ratings to relationship-related memories and the phenomenological experience of the memory. Dissociation was associated with incongruent affect in valenced memories (e.g., positive affect in a negative memory) and memories that were visually incoherent and saturated with power motivation, hubristic pride, and shame, regardless of valence ...


Neuroticism, Depressive Symptoms, And Serum Bdnf, Antonio Terracciano PhD, Monia Lobina, Maria Grazia Piras, Antonella Mulas, Alessandra Cannas, Osorio Meirelles, Angelina R. Sutin PhD, Alan B. Zonderman, Manuela Uda, Laura Crisponi, David Schlessinger 2011 The Florida State University

Neuroticism, Depressive Symptoms, And Serum Bdnf, Antonio Terracciano Phd, Monia Lobina, Maria Grazia Piras, Antonella Mulas, Alessandra Cannas, Osorio Meirelles, Angelina R. Sutin Phd, Alan B. Zonderman, Manuela Uda, Laura Crisponi, David Schlessinger

Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVE: Animal models and clinical studies suggest that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is involved in the pathophysiology of depression. We test whether serum and plasma levels of BDNF are associated with trait neuroticism and its facets and with state measures of depressive symptoms.

METHODS: In a community-based cohort (N = 2099), we measured serum and plasma BDNF concentrations and administered the Revised NEO Personality Inventory and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Covariates included age, sex, cigarette smoking, obesity, and antidepressant use.

RESULTS: Serum BDNF concentrations were inversely related to neuroticism (r = -0.074, p < .001), in particular the depression facet (r = -0.08, p < .001). Lower BDNF concentrations were also associated with severe depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale ≥ 28; odds ratio = 0.906; 95% confidence interval = 0.851-0.965). The association of serum BDNF with neuroticism was independent of depressive symptoms, indicating that serum BDNF might represent a biological correlate of neuroticism and not just of transient depressive states. Plasma BDNF was not associated with measures of depression.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that ...


Becoming An Adult: Challenges For Those With Mental Health Conditions, Maryann Davis, Kathryn Sabella, Lisa M. Smith, Amanda Costa 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Becoming An Adult: Challenges For Those With Mental Health Conditions, Maryann Davis, Kathryn Sabella, Lisa M. Smith, Amanda Costa

Psychiatry Information in Brief

This brief will describe psychosocial development and family life cycle changes during the transition to adulthood in typical youth and youth with serious mental health conditions (SMHC). We also describe additional challenges this population faces, and what can be done to support them and improve their outcomes.

Originally published as: Transitions RTC Research Brief 3, 2011.


Teens On Ieps: Making My “Transition” Services Work For Me, Jennifer Whitney, Lisa M. Smith 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Teens On Ieps: Making My “Transition” Services Work For Me, Jennifer Whitney, Lisa M. Smith

Psychiatry Information in Brief

An IEP is an individualized education plan written in public school for children ages 3 to 21 that by law, describes the special education services and goals for a student with an identified disability. Special ed services involve different techniques that help the student in a way that typical instruction cannot. Transition services are plans within the IEP that address specific needs in relation to life after high school.

Originally published as: Transitions RTC Tip Sheet 4, 2011.


The Social Nature Of Male Suicide: A New Analytic Model, Daniel Coleman, John T. Casey 2011 Portland State University

The Social Nature Of Male Suicide: A New Analytic Model, Daniel Coleman, John T. Casey

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

Suicide is one of the leading causes of male mortality. In nearly every country in the world, more males than females end their life by suicide. Previous research indicates male-specific risk factors include social factors such as being unmarried, low income, and unemployment. An analytic model of male suicide is developed, proposing that the traditional male gender role creates a culturally-conditioned narrowing of perceived options and cognitive rigidity when under stress that increases male suicide risk. Suicide prevention and intervention require recognition of the role of high traditional masculinity, situating individual explanations within a broader social context. Based on this ...


Does Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (Nsaid) Use Affect Dementia Progression And Survival Rates In Alzheimer's Disease? The Cache County Study, Trevor R. Buckley 2011 Utah State University

Does Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (Nsaid) Use Affect Dementia Progression And Survival Rates In Alzheimer's Disease? The Cache County Study, Trevor R. Buckley

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Alzheimer's disease (AD) has multiple factors that contribute to the disease process. Among these is a state of chronic inflammation that is endured by the brain during the aging process. The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) decreases the amount of neuroinflammation sustained by the brain, and greater levels of NSAID use have been demonstrated to be associated with decreased probability of developing AD. This study looked at whether greater rates of NSAID use were also associated with decreased rates of cognitive and funtional decline and survival in a population-based sample of persons with AD.


Neuromotor Noise, Error Tolerance And Velocity-Dependent Costs In Skilled Performance, Dagmar Sternad, Masaki O. Abe, Xiaogang Hu, Hermann Müller 2011 Northeastern University

Neuromotor Noise, Error Tolerance And Velocity-Dependent Costs In Skilled Performance, Dagmar Sternad, Masaki O. Abe, Xiaogang Hu, Hermann Müller

Biology Faculty Publications

In motor tasks with redundancy neuromotor noise can lead to variations in execution while achieving relative invariance in the result. The present study examined whether humans find solutions that are tolerant to intrinsic noise. Using a throwing task in a virtual set-up where an infinite set of angle and velocity combinations at ball release yield throwing accuracy, our computational approach permitted quantitative predictions about solution strategies that are tolerant to noise. Based on a mathematical model of the task expected results were computed and provided predictions about error-tolerant strategies (Hypothesis 1). As strategies can take on a large range of ...


Syllabus "Externship: Mindfulness Meditation Retreat At Starved Rock State Park", Michael Skelley 2011 DePaul University

Syllabus "Externship: Mindfulness Meditation Retreat At Starved Rock State Park", Michael Skelley

Michael Skelley, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


The Massachusetts Ru4kids Study: Using Evidence To Improve Medicaid Mental Health Services For Massachusetts Children And Youth, Joanne Nicholson, Laurel K. Leslie, Susan Maciolek 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Massachusetts Ru4kids Study: Using Evidence To Improve Medicaid Mental Health Services For Massachusetts Children And Youth, Joanne Nicholson, Laurel K. Leslie, Susan Maciolek

Psychiatry Information in Brief

Research on effective child and adolescent mental health interventions has grown significantly over the past two decades. Through the Children’s Behavioral Health Initiative (CBHI), Massachusetts policy makers, provider agencies, and advocacy groups are engaged in activities and decision-making on a daily basis that may involve the use of research evidence. The Massachusetts Research Use 4KIDS Study will examine the ways in which research evidence comes into play as children’s mental health services are transformed and implemented in the provider community.

Originally published as: Research in the Works, Issue 4, 2011.


Time Course Of Prepulse Inhibition Disruption Induced By Dopamine Agonists And Nmda Antagonists: Effects Of Drug Administration Regimen, Ming Li, Wei He, Jing Chen 2011 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Time Course Of Prepulse Inhibition Disruption Induced By Dopamine Agonists And Nmda Antagonists: Effects Of Drug Administration Regimen, Ming Li, Wei He, Jing Chen

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of acoustic startle response is impaired in patients with schizophrenia and in animals acutely treated with dopamine agonists and NMDA antagonists. In this study, we investigated the time course of PPI disruption induced by repeated amphetamine, quinpirole, phencyclidine (PCP), and dizocilpine (MK-801) treatment. We focused on how PPI disruption development was influenced by drug administration regimens, comparing a constant versus an escalating dosing regimen. Male Sprague–Dawley rats were repeatedly treated with amphetamine (1.25–5.0 mg/kg, or constant 5.0 mg/kg, sc), PCP (0.50–2.0 mg/kg, or constant 0.5 ...


Personality And Obesity Across The Adult Life Span, Angelina R. Sutin PhD, Luigi Ferrucci, Alan B. Zonderman, Antonio Terracciano PhD 2011 The Florida State University

Personality And Obesity Across The Adult Life Span, Angelina R. Sutin Phd, Luigi Ferrucci, Alan B. Zonderman, Antonio Terracciano Phd

Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications

Personality traits contribute to health outcomes, in part through their association with major controllable risk factors, such as obesity. Body weight, in turn, reflects our behaviors and lifestyle and contributes to the way we perceive ourselves and others. In this study, the authors use data from a large (N = 1,988) longitudinal study that spanned more than 50 years to examine how personality traits are associated with multiple measures of adiposity and with fluctuations in body mass index (BMI). Using 14,531 anthropometric assessments, the authors modeled the trajectory of BMI across adulthood and tested whether personality predicted its rate ...


Young Adults Getting Involved: Participatory Action Research And Transition Age Youth, Jonathan Delman 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Young Adults Getting Involved: Participatory Action Research And Transition Age Youth, Jonathan Delman

Psychiatry Information in Brief

Describes the positive outcomes when young adults take part in participatory action research.

Originally published as: Research You Can Use, Issue 4, 2011. Also issued as Transitions RTC Tip Sheet 1, Feb. 2011.


The Impact Of Worksite Weight-Related Social Norms On Associated Behaviors, Stephenie C. Lemon, Qin Liu, Robert P. Magner, Kristin L. Schneider, Lori Pbert 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Impact Of Worksite Weight-Related Social Norms On Associated Behaviors, Stephenie C. Lemon, Qin Liu, Robert P. Magner, Kristin L. Schneider, Lori Pbert

Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations

Objective: To assess the association between descriptive social norms for weight and weight-related behaviors and associated behaviors at the worksite.

Design and Sample: Baseline data from site-randomized trial of a worksite ecological intervention for weight control; 12 public high schools in central Massachusetts; Sample of 844 employees enrolled (~ 2/3 of all employees).

Conclusions: Associations of weight loss and eating social norms with behavior; Unique from social support; No association of physical activity social norms with physical activity; May be little opportunity for and therefore little exposure to physical activity during the workday; Results support the development of weight loss ...


Interpersonal Aggression Perpetration: Static And Emotion Regulation Risk Factors, Jill Panuzio 2011 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Interpersonal Aggression Perpetration: Static And Emotion Regulation Risk Factors, Jill Panuzio

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Psychology

Intimate partner aggression (IPA) is a serious public health problem for both men and women in the United States. With aspirations of alleviating the significant negative effects of IPA, a substantial body of literature has been devoted to uncovering risk factors for IPA perpetration. Much of this research has focused on static, or relatively stable, factors that may influence IPA, such as life stress, distress tolerance, rumination, and jealousy. However, considering situational variables that influence individuals more proximally to aggressive acts, in conjunction with these static factors, may provide more precise prediction of partner aggression. Current theoretical and empirical work ...


Role Of Hippocampal Neurogenesis In The Etiology And Treatment Of Mood & Anxiety Disorders, Jennifer L. Onksen 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Role Of Hippocampal Neurogenesis In The Etiology And Treatment Of Mood & Anxiety Disorders, Jennifer L. Onksen

Publicly accessible Penn Dissertations

Mood disorders are associated with deficits in hippocampal size and function. Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus has been implicated in the behavioral efficacy of some antidepressants. However, the precise function of newborn hippocampal neurons in the etiology and treatment of mood disorders remains unclear. Anxiety, which is highly comorbid with mood disorders, also appears to be influenced by neurogenesis. The intricacies of this influence are poorly understood. Here, the role of neurogenesis in the pathophysiology and treatment of mood and anxiety disorders is investigated in a transgenic mouse exhibiting partial suppression of hippocampal neurogenesis. This reduction is ...


The Creativity Mystique And The Rhetoric Of Mood Disorders, Katie Rose Guest Pryal 2011 SelectedWorks

The Creativity Mystique And The Rhetoric Of Mood Disorders, Katie Rose Guest Pryal

Katie Rose Guest Pryal

Many contemporary scientific researchers are interested in drawing associations between mental illness and creativity. These studies have contributed to the popular image of the "mad genius," an image whose history stretches back as far as Plato and Aristotle. Recently, a new rhetorical manifestation of the mad genius image has emerged, what I call the creativity mystique of mood disorders. The creativity mystique, a product of the era of modern psychiatry, suggests not only that mood disorders are sources of creative genius, but also that medical treatment should take patient creativity into account. The texts I study here demonstrate a rhetorical ...


Decreasing The Minimum Length Criterion For An Episode Of Hypomania: Evaluation Using Self-Reported Data From Patients With Bipolar Disorder, Michael Bauer, Tasha Glenn, Natalie L. Rasgon, Wendy K. Marsh, Kemal Sagduyu, Paul Grof, Martin Alda, Greg Murray, Rodrigo A. Munoz, Danilo Quiroz, Rita Bauer, Burkhard Jabs, Peter C. Whybrow 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Decreasing The Minimum Length Criterion For An Episode Of Hypomania: Evaluation Using Self-Reported Data From Patients With Bipolar Disorder, Michael Bauer, Tasha Glenn, Natalie L. Rasgon, Wendy K. Marsh, Kemal Sagduyu, Paul Grof, Martin Alda, Greg Murray, Rodrigo A. Munoz, Danilo Quiroz, Rita Bauer, Burkhard Jabs, Peter C. Whybrow

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

Brief hypomania lasting less than 4 days may impair functioning and help to detect bipolarity. This study analyzed brief hypomania that occurred in patients with bipolar disorder who were diagnosed according to the DSM-IV criteria. Daily self-reported mood ratings were obtained from 393 patients (247 bipolar I and 146 bipolar II) for 6 months (75,284 days of data, mean 191.6 days). Episodes of hypomania were calculated using a 4, 3, 2, and single day length criterion. Brief hypomania occurred frequently. With a decrease in the minimum criterion from 4 days to 2 days, there were almost twice as ...


An Exploratory Investigation Of The Effects Of Dragon Boating On The Psychosocial Well-Being Of Female Cancer Survivors, Clara Therese Louise Vanherweg 2011 California Polytechnic State University

An Exploratory Investigation Of The Effects Of Dragon Boating On The Psychosocial Well-Being Of Female Cancer Survivors, Clara Therese Louise Vanherweg

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The purpose of this study was to prospectively examine the effects of dragon boat participation on the psychosocial well-being of female cancer survivors over time and compared with the population-based norms. Nine female cancer survivors belonging to the dragon boat team, SurvivOars, participated in the initial measurement process. The measurement packet was 21 page compilation of psychosocial questionnaires capturing demographics, quality of life, moods, depressive symptoms, perceived stress, self-esteem, self-efficacy, social support, physical activity levels, body image, and sedentary behaviors. After 8 weeks, 8 subjects completed the same follow-up questionnaire to assess changes in psychosocial variables over time. Scores were ...


Behavioral Activation Of Religious Behaviors: Treating Depressed College Students With A Randomized Controlled Trial, Maria Elizabeth Anne Armento 2011 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Behavioral Activation Of Religious Behaviors: Treating Depressed College Students With A Randomized Controlled Trial, Maria Elizabeth Anne Armento

Doctoral Dissertations

Abstract

Although spiritual or religious behaviors are sometimes targeted within behavioral activation protocols (Hopko & Lejuez, 2007; Hopko, Lejuez, Ruggiero, & Eifert, 2003), the efficacy of a protocol that exclusively develops a religiously-based behavioral repertoire has not been investigated. This randomized controlled study investigated the efficacy of a brief protocol for religious action in behavioral activation (PRA-BA) relative to a no-treatment “support” condition among mild to moderately depressed undergraduate students (n = 50). PRA-BA consisted of an individualized one-session intervention and 2-week activation interval. Clinical outcomes assessed depression, environmental reward, anxiety, and quality of life. Repeated measures ANOVAs indicated that the PRA-BA group had significantly ...


What Predicts Drive For Muscularity In College Students?, Mary Pritchard, Chanel Parker, Alli Nielsen 2011 Boise State University

What Predicts Drive For Muscularity In College Students?, Mary Pritchard, Chanel Parker, Alli Nielsen

Psychology Faculty Publications and Presentations

While research has established that men tend to exhibit greater levels of DFM than women, little research has examined the relation between DFM and other forms of disordered eating and exercise behaviors. Study 1 examined the influence of disordered eating and obligatory exercise on DFM in male and female college students. In women, DFM was related to eating concern and obligatory exercise; whereas in men, DFM was related to obligatory exercise and shape concern. Study 2 examined the influence of exercise motivations and body dissatisfaction on DFM in male and female college students. In women, DFM was predicted by personal ...


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