Neural Basis Of The Potentiated Inhibition Of Repeated Haloperidol And Clozapine Treatment On The Phencyclidine-Induced Hyperlocomotion, 2012 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Neural Basis Of The Potentiated Inhibition Of Repeated Haloperidol And Clozapine Treatment On The Phencyclidine-Induced Hyperlocomotion, Changjiu Zhao, Tao Sun, Ming Li
Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology
Clinical observations suggest that antipsychotic effect starts early and increases progressively over time. This time course of antipsychotic effect can be captured in a rat phencyclidine (PCP)-induced hyperlocomotion model, as repeated antipsychotic treatment progressively increases its inhibition of the repeated PCP-induced hyperlocomotion. Although the neural basis of acute antipsychotic action has been studied extensively, the system that mediates the potentiated effect of repeated antipsychotic treatment has not been elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the neuroanatomical basis of the potentiated action of haloperidol (HAL) and clozapine (CLZ) treatment in the repeated PCP-induced hyperlocomotion. Once daily for five consecutive ...
Memory Reactivation Effects Independent Of Reconsolidation, 2012 Kent State University - Kent Campus
Memory Reactivation Effects Independent Of Reconsolidation, Pascale Gisquet-Verrier, David C. Riccio
Psychological Sciences Publications
Memory reactivation is an important process resulting from reexposure to salient training-related information whereby a memory is brought from an inactive to an active state. Reactivation is the first stage of memory retrieval but can result from the exposure to salient cues without any behavioral output. Such cue-induced reactivation, although frequently used by neuroscientists to study reconsolidation, has seldom been considered as a process in its own right and studied as such. This review presents arguments indicating that memory reactivation has two main consequences: (1) to enhance the accessibility of the target memory and (2) to make the memory malleable ...
Increased Genetic Vulnerability To Smoking At Chrna5 In Early-Onset Smokers, 2012 Florida State University
Increased Genetic Vulnerability To Smoking At Chrna5 In Early-Onset Smokers, Sarah M. Hartz, Susan E. Short, Nancy L. Saccone, Robert Culverhouse, Lishiun Chen, Tae-Hwi Schwantes-An, Hilary Coon, Younghun Han, Sarah H. Stephens, Juzhong Sun, Xiangning Chen, Francesca Ducci, Nicole Dueker, Nora Franceschini, Josef Frank, Frank Geller, Daniel Gubjartsson, Nadia N. Hansel, Chenhui Jiang, Kaisu Keskitalo-Vuokko, Zhen Liu, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Martha Michel, Rajesh Rawal, Albert Rosenberger, Paul Scheet, John R. Shaffer, Alexander Teumer, John R. Thompson, Jacqueline M. Vink, Nicole Vogelzangs, Angela S. Wenzlaff, William Wheeler, Xiangjun Xiao, Bao-Zhu Yang, Steven H. Aggen, Anthony J. Balmforth, Sebastian E. Baumeister, Terri Beaty, Siiri Bennett, Andrew W. Bergen, Heather A. Boyd, Ulla Broms, Harry Campbell, Nilanjan Chatterjee, Jingchun Chen, Yu-Ching Cheng, Sven Cichon, David Couper, Francesco Cucca, Danielle M. Dick, Tatiana Foroud, Helena Furberg, Ina Giegling, Fangyi Gu, Alistair S. Hall, Jenni Hällfors, Shizhong Han, Annette M. Hartmann, Caroline Hayward, Kauko Heikkilä, John K. Hewitt, Jouke Jan Hottenga, Majken K. Jensen, Pekka Jousilahti, Marika Kaakinen, Steven J. Kittner, Bettina Konte, Tellervo Korhonen, Maria-Teresa Landi, Tiina Laatikainen, Mark Leppert, Steven M. Levy, Rasika A. Mathias, Daniel W. Mcneil, Sarah E. Medland, Grant W. Montgomery, Thomas Muley, Tanda Murray, Matthias Nauck, Kari North, Michele Pergadia, Ozren Polasek, Erin M. Ramos, Samuli Ripatti, Angela Risch, Ingo Ruczinski, Igor Rudan, Veikko Salomaa, David Schlessinger, Unnur Styrkársdóttir, Antonio Terracciano, Manuela Uda, Gonneke Willemsen, Xifeng Wu, Goncalo Abecasis, Kathleen Barnes, Heike Bickeböller, Eric Boerwinkle, Dorret I. Boomsma, Neil Caporaso, Jubao Duan, Howard J. Edenberg, Clyde Francks, Pablo V. Gejman, Joel Gelernter, Hans Jörgen Grabe, Hyman Hops, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Jorma Viikari, Mika Kähönen, Kenneth S. Kendler, Terho Lehtimäki, Douglas F. Levinson, Mary L. Marazita, Jonathan Marchini, Mads Melbye, Braxton D. Mitchell, Jeffrey C. Murray, Markus M. Nöthen, Brenda W. Penninx, Olli Raitakari, Marcella Rietschel, Dan Rujescu, Nilesh J. Samani, Alan R. Sanders, Ann G. Schwartz, Sanjay Shete, Jianxin Shi, Margaret Spitz, Kari Stefansson, Gary E. Swan, Thorgeir Thorgeirsson, Henry Völzke, Qingyi Wei, H-Erich Wichmann, Christopher I. Amos, Naomi Breslau, Dale S. Cannon, Marissa Ehringer, Richard Grucza, Dorothy Hatsukami, Andrew Heath, Eric O. Johnson, Jaakko Kaprio, Pamela Madden, Nicholas G. Martin, Victoria L. Stevens, Jerry A. Stitzel, Robert B. Weiss, Peter Kraft, Laura J. Bierut
Department of Geriatrics Faculty Publications
CONTEXT: Recent studies have shown an association between cigarettes per day (CPD) and a nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphism in CHRNA5, rs16969968.
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the association between rs16969968 and smoking is modified by age at onset of regular smoking.
DATA SOURCES: Primary data.
STUDY SELECTION: Available genetic studies containing measures of CPD and the genotype of rs16969968 or its proxy.
DATA EXTRACTION: Uniform statistical analysis scripts were run locally. Starting with 94,050 ever-smokers from 43 studies, we extracted the heavy smokers (CPD >20) and light smokers (CPD ≤10) with age-at-onset information, reducing the sample size to 33,348. Each ...
Dance/Movement Therapy And Autism: A Case Study, 2012 Columbia College - Chicago
Dance/Movement Therapy And Autism: A Case Study, Katherine Ann Porter
Creative Arts Therapies Theses
This thesis explores the development of the therapeutic relationship with a child with autism through dance/movement therapy. The characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder effect social interactions, communication, behavior and interests. This means there is difficulty engaging and maintaining reciprocal social interactions, and trouble with receptive and expressive language. The purpose of this study is to describe how movement mirroring in dance/movement therapy affects the development of the therapeutic relationship with a child with autism, through the analysis of the Ways of Seeing approach.
The data collected in this clinical case study consisted of video tapped sessions and Laban ...
Predicting Exercise Adherence In College Students Using A Self-Determination Theory Framework, 2012 University of Connecticut
Predicting Exercise Adherence In College Students Using A Self-Determination Theory Framework, Megan M. Clarke
College is a pivotal time for weight gain and unhealthy behavior changes in many young adults. Decreases in physical activity are common in this age group and likely contribute to the 1.6 to 1.8 kg weight gain that is often observed in the first year of college. Identifying groups of students who are at high-risk for decreasing or discontinuing physical activity may help develop more targeted interventions. The present study explored physical activity patterns in the first semester of college and examined predictors of exercise decreases to levels below recommended daily values within a Self-Determination Theory framework. Incoming ...
The Effect Of Systematic Clinical Interventions With Cigarette Smokers On Quit Status And The Rates Of Smoking-Related Primary Care Office Visits, 2012 Massachusetts Department of Public Health
The Effect Of Systematic Clinical Interventions With Cigarette Smokers On Quit Status And The Rates Of Smoking-Related Primary Care Office Visits, Thomas G. Land, Nancy A. Rigotti, Douglas E. Levy, Thad Schilling, Donna Warner, Wenjun Li
Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations
BACKGROUND: The United States Public Health Service (USPHS) Guideline for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence includes ten key recommendations regarding the identification and the treatment of tobacco users seen in all health care settings. To our knowledge, the impact of system-wide brief interventions with cigarette smokers on smoking prevalence and health care utilization has not been examined using patient population-based data.
METHODS AND FINDINGS: Data on clinical interventions with cigarette smokers were examined for primary care office visits of 104,639 patients at 17 Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates (HVMA) sites. An operational definition of "systems change" was developed. It included ...
The Change Program: Comparing An Interactive Versus Prescriptive Telephone-Based Behavioural Intervention On The Psychological And Physiological Profiles Of University Students With Obesity, 2012 The University of Western Ontario
The Change Program: Comparing An Interactive Versus Prescriptive Telephone-Based Behavioural Intervention On The Psychological And Physiological Profiles Of University Students With Obesity, Erin S. Pearson
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
The purpose of the CHANGE (Coaching towards Healthy Actions Naturally through Goal-related Empowerment) Program was to compare the effectiveness of an interactive versus prescriptive 12-week telephone-based behavioural intervention on the psychological and physiological profiles of university students with obesity. Motivational Interviewing administered using Co-Active Life Coaching (MI-via-CALC) and a structured lifestyle treatment following the LEARN (Lifestyle, Exercise, Attitudes, Relationships, Nutrition) Program for Weight Management were examined.
Article 1 provided a methodological account of the CHANGE Program which included a detailed rationale for its development and a comprehensive description of the methods used. Because goal setting has been established as an ...
Data Sharing And Publishing In The Field Of Neuroimaging, 2012 Karolinska Institute
Data Sharing And Publishing In The Field Of Neuroimaging, Janis L. Breeze, Jean-Baptiste Poline, David N. Kennedy
Psychiatry Publications and Presentations
There is growing recognition of the importance of data sharing in the neurosciences, and in particular in the field of neuroimaging research, in order to best make use of the volumes of human subject data that have been acquired to date. However, a number of barriers, both practical and cultural, continue to impede the widespread practice of data sharing; these include: lack of standard infrastructure and tools for data sharing, uncertainty about how to organize and prepare the data for sharing, and researchers’ fears about unattributed data use or missed opportunities for publication. A further challenge is how the scientific ...
Primary Care Behavioral Health Consultation Reduces Depression Levels Among Mood-Disordered Patients, 2012 Southwest Virginia Community Health Systems, Inc.
Primary Care Behavioral Health Consultation Reduces Depression Levels Among Mood-Disordered Patients, Bill Mcfeature, Thomas W. Pierce
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of behavioral health consultative services on levels of depressive symptoms in patients diagnosed with a mood disorder. Two-hundred fifty-one patients with a form of mood disorder completed the PHQ-9 screening tool for depression both before and after a treatment period lasting an average of three months, during which patients received behavioral health consultation services. Results showed that 49.8% of patients participating in this integrated behavioral health care program experienced improvements of at least 50% in PHQ-9 scores from pre- to post-test. Improvements in PHQ-9 scores of at least a ...
Individual Differences In White Matter Microstructure Predict Mathematical Achievement, 2012 The University of Western Ontario
Individual Differences In White Matter Microstructure Predict Mathematical Achievement, Anna A. Matejko
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
The current study uses diffusion tensor imaging to test whether individual differences in white matter predict performance on the math subtest of the preliminary Scholastic Aptitude Test (PSAT). Grade 10 and 11 PSAT scores were obtained from 30 young adults (ages 17- 18) with wide-ranging math achievement levels. Tract based spatial statistics was used to examine the correlation between PSAT math scores, fractional anisotropy (FA), radial diffusivity (RD) and axial diffusivity (AD). FA in left parietal white matter was positively correlated with math PSAT scores (specifically in the left superior longitudinal fasciculus, left superior corona radiata, and left corticospinal tract ...
Psychotherapy Clients’ Online Behavior And Opinions Regarding Internet Searches Conducted By Therapists, 2012 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Psychotherapy Clients’ Online Behavior And Opinions Regarding Internet Searches Conducted By Therapists, Emily B. Gale
Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Psychology
The Internet has become possibly the most popular medium to find information and communicate in our society. For the field of psychology, the Internet offers a new way to collect data and communicate with both study participants and, for practicing psychologists, possibly clients. Little is known, however, about the implications of interacting with clients online. The existing empirical studies in this area (DiLillo & Gale, 2011; Lehavot, Barnett, & Powers, 2010; Taylor et al., 2010) have focused on psychology graduate students’ actions online. These studies highlight the importance and paucity of research regarding the online behaviors of psychotherapy clients and interactions initiated by clients with therapists ...
Reducing Vocal Stereotypy Through An Antecedent And Consequence Intervention Package, 2012 Northeastern University
Reducing Vocal Stereotypy Through An Antecedent And Consequence Intervention Package, Kari Anne Dunlop
Counseling Psychology Master's Theses
Stereotypy is an interfering behavior often observed in individuals diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The present study examined the effects of an antecedent and consequence intervention package, including a visual cue card paired with verbal instructions and a trade-in opportunity, on the rates of vocal stereotypy in a student with ASD. The study made use of an alternating treatment design. Results indicated that the treatment package was effective in reducing vocal stereotypy during the red-card sessions. Follow-up probes and anecdotal information indicate that the treatment results were maintained over time and that the treatment required minimal training to ...
Metacognition As A Predictor Of Conceptual Change, 2012 Occidental College
Metacognition As A Predictor Of Conceptual Change, Sharang Tickoo
Cognitive Science Student Scholarship
Metacognitive ability - proficiency in analyzing ones own thought processes - is related to the ability to correctly gauge one's mastery of a task (Kruger, 1999; Dunning, 2003). It may also be tied to the ability to make radical conceptual changes learning new information incongruous with prior beliefs. We hypothesize performance on an expanded version of the Cognitive Reflection Test (Frederick, 2005), a battery of questions designed to measure metacognitive ability, would be a predictor of the extent to which undergraduate college students (N=103) improved their understanding of evolution after a semester of college level biology, particularly in the Darwinian ...
Overcoming Barriers To Addressing Perinatal Depression: Perspectives Of Women, 2012 UMass Memorial Heath Care
Overcoming Barriers To Addressing Perinatal Depression: Perspectives Of Women, Nancy Byatt, Kathleen Biebel, Liz Friedman, Gifty Debordes-Jackson
Psychiatry Information in Brief
Despite the availability of effective evidence-based treatmentsand frequent contact with OB/Gyn providers, perinatal depression remains under-diagnosed and under-treated. Understanding the perceptions of women who have experienced perinatal depression may inform needed changes in screening, assessment, treatment, and prevention.
Prospective Investigation Of A Ptsd Personality Typology Among Individuals With Personality Disorders, 2012 University of Memphis
Prospective Investigation Of A Ptsd Personality Typology Among Individuals With Personality Disorders, Meghan E. Mcdevitt-Murphy, M. Tracie Shea, Shirley Yen, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, John C. Markowitz, Andrew E. Skodol
Charles A. Sanislow
This study investigated the replicability of a previously proposed personality typology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, and explored stability of cluster membership over a 6-month period. Participants with current PTSD (n = 156) were drawn from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (CLPS). The CLPS project tracked a large sample of individuals who met criteria for 1 of 4 target diagnoses (borderline, schizotypal, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive) and a contrast group of individuals who met criteria for depression but no personality disorder. A cluster analysis using scales from the Schedule of Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality yielded 3 clusters: “internalizing,” “externalizing,” and “low ...
Rxp Project: Prescription Privileges For Psychologists: Perceptions, Knowledge And Attitude Change Of Oregon Psychologists, Jenna D. Johnson, Amber Hay, Allyna Murray, Jessica C. Lucas, Tanya Tompkins
The Keck Summer Collaborative Research Program provides opportunities for Linfield College students and faculty to conduct research on issues related to the Pacific Northwest, and to bring the research findings back into the classroom within the subsequent academic year. Students partner with faculty to conduct research and present their work to other students, Linfield staff and faculty, and community members during a series of brown bag lunches. Jenna Johnson, Amber Hay, Allyna Murray, and Jessica Lucas conducted research with Tanya Tompkins and gave this presentation during the summer of 2012.
Over the past two decades, an important, and at times ...
The Interplay Among Preschool Child And Family Factors And The Development Of Odd Symptoms, 2012 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
The Interplay Among Preschool Child And Family Factors And The Development Of Odd Symptoms, Elizabeth Harvey, Lindsay A. Metcalfe
Elizabeth (Lisa) Harvey
Objective—The present study examined (a) the interactions between early behavior, early parenting, and early family adversity in predicting later ODD symptoms, and (b) the reciprocal relations between parent functioning and ODD symptoms across the preschool years. Method—Participants were 258 3-year-old children (138 boys and 120 girls) and their parents from diverse backgrounds who participated in a 4-year longitudinal study. Results—Early child behavior, parenting, and family adversity did not significantly interact in the predicted direction. Reciprocal relations between ODD symptoms and parent functioning were observed for maternal and paternal depression, and maternal warmth. Paternal laxness at age 4 ...
Restricted Stimulus Control In Stimulus Control Shaping With A Capuchin Monkey, 2012 Universidade Federal do Para
Restricted Stimulus Control In Stimulus Control Shaping With A Capuchin Monkey, Ana Leda F. Brino, Olavo F. Galvao, Romariz S. Barros, Paulo R. K. Goulart, William J. Mcilvane
Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications and Presentations
Teaching the first instances of arbitrary matching-to-sample to nonhumans can prove difficult and time consuming. Stimulus control relations may develop that differ from those intended by the experimenter—even when stimulus control shaping procedures are used. We present, in this study, efforts to identify sources of shaping program failure with a capuchin monkey. Procedures began with a baseline of identity matching. During subsequent shaping trials, compound comparison stimuli had two components—one identical to and another different from the sample. The identical component was eliminated gradually by removing portions across trials (i.e., subtracting stimulus elements). The monkey performed accurately ...
Relationships Between Social Self-Esteem, Media Influence And Drive For Thinness, 2012 Boise State University
Relationships Between Social Self-Esteem, Media Influence And Drive For Thinness, Sofia Fernandez, Mary E. Pritchard
Psychology Faculty Publications and Presentations
Although media exposure is known to relate to drive for thinness and social self-esteem in women, less is known about how media affects drive for thinness and social self-esteem in men. The present study examined the relationships between drive for thinness, social self-esteem, and media influence among men and women. Two hundred ninety-four college students completed the Texas Social Behavior Inventory, the Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance Scale-3, a self-constructed questionnaire measuring the influence of media models, and the Drive for Thinness scale of the EDI-3. We expected to find an association between drive for thinness and media influence and between ...
2011 Bibliography Of Publications, 2012 University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth
2011 Bibliography Of Publications, Marylouise Lindsey, Tim Mason
Bibliography of Publications
No abstract provided.