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Fear, Anger, Fruits, And Veggies: Interactive Effects Of Emotion And Message Framing On Health Behavior, Mary A. Gerend PhD, Jon K. Maner 2011 The Florida State University

Fear, Anger, Fruits, And Veggies: Interactive Effects Of Emotion And Message Framing On Health Behavior, Mary A. Gerend Phd, Jon K. Maner

Medical Humanities and Social Sciences Faculty Publications

Objective: Message framing is a theoretically grounded health communication strategy designed to motivate action by emphasizing the benefits of engaging in a particular behavior (gains) or the costs of failing to engage in the behavior (losses). This study investigated whether the effectiveness of a framed message depends on the emotional state of the message recipient. We examined effects of fear versus anger, emotions that frequently occur within the context of health decision-making.

Methods: Undergraduate students (N = 133) were randomly assigned to complete a fear or anger induction task after which they read a gain- or loss-framed pamphlet promoting fruit and ...


Supporting Parents With Mental Health Needs In Systems Of Care, Barbara J. Friesen, Judith Katz-Leavy, Joanne Nicholson 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Supporting Parents With Mental Health Needs In Systems Of Care, Barbara J. Friesen, Judith Katz-Leavy, Joanne Nicholson

Center for Mental Health Services Research Publications and Presentations

Summary: Community-based systems of care (SOCs) must address both the needs of parents with mental illness and the needs of their children. Learning more about the challenges faced by SOCs in this area, and the strategies they implement to overcome them, provides insights with implications for the broader field. This project was intended to learn more about efforts to assess parents’ mental health needs, effectively engage and support them, and improve system coordination and access to services to inform service delivery and system reform, especially for those involved in both child welfare and mental health. This report presents information gathered ...


Personality Assessment In Dsm--5: Empirical Support For Rating Severity, Style, And Traits, Christopher J. Hopwood, Johanna C. Malone, Emily B. Ansell, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Thomas H. McGlashan, Anthony Pinto, John C. Markowitz, M. Tracie Shea, Andrew E. Skodol, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Leslie C. Morey 2011 Wesleyan University

Personality Assessment In Dsm--5: Empirical Support For Rating Severity, Style, And Traits, Christopher J. Hopwood, Johanna C. Malone, Emily B. Ansell, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Anthony Pinto, John C. Markowitz, M. Tracie Shea, Andrew E. Skodol, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Leslie C. Morey

Division III Faculty Publications

Despite a general consensus that dimensional models are superior to the categorical representations of personality disorders in DSM-IV, proposals for how to depict personality pathology dimensions vary substantially. One important question involves how to separate clinical severity from the style of expression through which personality pathology manifests. This study empirically distinguished stylistic elements of personality pathology symptoms from the overall severity of personality disorder in a large, longitudinally assessed clinical sample (N = 605). Data suggest that generalized severity is the most important single predictor of current and prospective dysfunction, but that stylistic elements also indicate specific areas of difficulty. Normative ...


Mental Health Infrastructure And Training Project. Building Community Resilience Through Mental Health Infrastructure And Training In Post-Katrina New Orleans, Benjamin F. Springgate, Ashley Wennerstrom, Diana Meyers, Charles E. Allen, Steven D. Vannoy, Wayne Bentham, Kenneth B. Wells 2011 University of Massachusetts Boston

Mental Health Infrastructure And Training Project. Building Community Resilience Through Mental Health Infrastructure And Training In Post-Katrina New Orleans, Benjamin F. Springgate, Ashley Wennerstrom, Diana Meyers, Charles E. Allen, Steven D. Vannoy, Wayne Bentham, Kenneth B. Wells

Steven D Vannoy

No abstract provided.


Opportunities And Challenges Of Implementing Collaborative Mental Health Care In Post-Katrina New Orleans, Wayne Bentham, Steven D. Vannoy, Katrina Badger, Ashley Wennerstrom, Benjamin F. Springgate 2011 University of Massachusetts Boston

Opportunities And Challenges Of Implementing Collaborative Mental Health Care In Post-Katrina New Orleans, Wayne Bentham, Steven D. Vannoy, Katrina Badger, Ashley Wennerstrom, Benjamin F. Springgate

Steven D Vannoy

Increased community need for mental health resources and a desire to provide high quality, evidence-based, cost-effective care prompted REACH NOLA to create the Mental Health Infrastructure and Training (MHIT) program.


A Learning Collaborative Of Cmhcs And Chcs To Support Integration Of Behavioral Health And General Medical Care, Steven D. Vannoy, Barbara Mauer, John Kern, Kamaljeet Girn, Charles Ingoglia, Jeannie Campbell, Laura Galbreath, Jürgen Unützer 2011 University of Massachusetts Boston

A Learning Collaborative Of Cmhcs And Chcs To Support Integration Of Behavioral Health And General Medical Care, Steven D. Vannoy, Barbara Mauer, John Kern, Kamaljeet Girn, Charles Ingoglia, Jeannie Campbell, Laura Galbreath, JüRgen UnüTzer

Steven D Vannoy

Objective: Integration of general medical and mental health services is a growing priority for safety-net providers. The authors describe a project that established a one-year learning collaborative focused on integration of services between community health centers (CHCs) and community mental health centers (CMHCs). Specific targets were treatment for general medical and psychiatric symptoms related to depression, bipolar dis- order, alcohol use disorders, and metabolic syndrome. Methods: This ob- servational study used mixed methods. Quantitative measures included 15 patient-level health indicators, practice self-assessment of resources and support for chronic disease self-management, and participant satisfaction. Results: Sixteen CHC-CMHC pairs were selected for ...


Personality Assessment In Dsm--5: Empirical Support For Rating Severity, Style, And Traits, Christopher J. Hopwood, Johanna C. Malone, Emily B. Ansell, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Thomas H. McGlashan, Anthony Pinto, John C. Markowitz, M. Tracie Shea, Andrew E. Skodol, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Leslie C. Morey 2011 Wesleyan University

Personality Assessment In Dsm--5: Empirical Support For Rating Severity, Style, And Traits, Christopher J. Hopwood, Johanna C. Malone, Emily B. Ansell, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Anthony Pinto, John C. Markowitz, M. Tracie Shea, Andrew E. Skodol, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Leslie C. Morey

Charles A. Sanislow

Despite a general consensus that dimensional models are superior to the categorical representations of personality disorders in DSM-IV, proposals for how to depict personality pathology dimensions vary substantially. One important question involves how to separate clinical severity from the style of expression through which personality pathology manifests. This study empirically distinguished stylistic elements of personality pathology symptoms from the overall severity of personality disorder in a large, longitudinally assessed clinical sample (N = 605). Data suggest that generalized severity is the most important single predictor of current and prospective dysfunction, but that stylistic elements also indicate specific areas of difficulty. Normative ...


Contextual Control Of Orienting Eye-Head Gaze Shifts In The Monkey, Brendan B. Chapman 2011 Western University

Contextual Control Of Orienting Eye-Head Gaze Shifts In The Monkey, Brendan B. Chapman

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Vision is one of the principal methods used by primates to acquire information about the surrounding environment. As a result, both humans and monkeys have a highly evolved oculomotor system that functions to rapidly relocate the line of sight to areas of interest. These orienting movements are called gaze shifts. Gaze shifts commonly include the coordinated movement of the eyes-in-head and the head-in-space. This thesis examines the muscular and neural control of orienting head movements.

The contextual control of behavior is important as it allows one to act appropriately in response to different situations. A common task used to examine ...


U.S. Cultural Involvement And Its Association With Co-Occurring Substance Abuse And Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Youth In The Dominican Republic, Elián P. Cabrera-Nguyen, Juan B. Peña 2011 SelectedWorks

U.S. Cultural Involvement And Its Association With Co-Occurring Substance Abuse And Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Youth In The Dominican Republic, Elián P. Cabrera-Nguyen, Juan B. Peña

Elián P. Cabrera-Nguyen

We examined the relationship of US cultural involvement with substance abuse and sexual risk behavior profiles from our nationally representative sample of public high school students in the Dominican Republic. Using a novel methodological approach to control for selection bias, we examined explanations for the so-called Latino or Hispanic immigrant paradox. A latent class regression analysis with manifest and latent covariates found that US cultural involvement indicators were independent and robust predictors of increased risk of co-ocurring substance abuse and sexual risk behaviors. Implications for prevention efforts targeting risk behaviors among Latino/a adolescents in the US and abroad are ...


Resistance To Disruption In A Classroom Setting, Diana E. Parry-Cruwys, Carrie M. Neal, William H. Ahearn, Emily E. Wheeler, Raseeka Premchander, Melissa B. Loeb, William V. Dube 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Resistance To Disruption In A Classroom Setting, Diana E. Parry-Cruwys, Carrie M. Neal, William H. Ahearn, Emily E. Wheeler, Raseeka Premchander, Melissa B. Loeb, William V. Dube

Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications and Presentations

Substantial experimental evidence indicates that behavior reinforced on a denser schedule is more resistant to disruption than is behavior reinforced on a thinner schedule. The present experiment studied resistance to disruption in a natural educational environment. Responding during familiar activities was reinforced on a multiple variable-interval (VI) 7-s VI 30-s schedule for 6 participants with developmental disabilities. Resistance to disruption was measured by presenting a distracting item. Response rates in the disruption components were compared to within-session response rates in prior baseline components. Results were consistent with the predictions of behavioral momentum theory for 5 of 6 participants.


Time Course Of The Attenuation Effect Of Repeated Antipsychotic Treatment On Prepulse Inhibition Disruption Induced By Repeated Phencyclidine Treatment, Ming Li, Erik He, Nick Volf 2011 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Time Course Of The Attenuation Effect Of Repeated Antipsychotic Treatment On Prepulse Inhibition Disruption Induced By Repeated Phencyclidine Treatment, Ming Li, Erik He, Nick Volf

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Antagonism of prepulse inhibition (PPI) deficits produced by psychotomimetic drugs has been widely used as an effective tool for the study of the mechanisms of antipsychotic action and identifying potential antipsychotic drugs. Many studies have relied on the acute effect of a single administration of antipsychotics, whereas patients with schizophrenia are treated chronically with antipsychotic drugs. The clinical relevance of acute antipsychotic effect in this model is still an open question. In this study, we investigated the time course of repeated antipsychotic treatment on persistent PPI deficit induced by repeated phencyclidine (PCP) treatment. After a baseline test with saline, male ...


Personality Traits Among Patients With Absent, Current, And Remitted Substance Use Disorders, Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, Andrew E. Skodol, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Emily B. Ansell, Thomas H. McGlashan, John C. Markowitz, Anthony Pinto, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Robert L. Stout 2011 Wesleyan University

Personality Traits Among Patients With Absent, Current, And Remitted Substance Use Disorders, Christopher J. Hopwood, Leslie C. Morey, Andrew E. Skodol, Charles A. Sanislow, Carlos M. Grilo, Emily B. Ansell, Thomas H. Mcglashan, John C. Markowitz, Anthony Pinto, Shirley Yen, M. Tracie Shea, John G. Gunderson, Mary C. Zanarini, Robert L. Stout

Division III Faculty Publications

Personality traits may provide underlying risk factors for and/or sequelae to substance use disorders (SUDs). In this study Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP) traits were compared in a clinical sample (N=704, age 18–45) with current, past, or no historical alcohol or non-alcohol substance use disorders (AUD and NASUD) as assessed by DSM-IV semi-structured interview. Results corroborated previous research in showing associations of negative temperament and disinhibition to SUD, highlighting the importance of these traits for indicating substance use proclivity or the chronic effects of substance use. Certain traits (manipulativeness, self-harm, disinhibition, and impulsivity for AUD ...


The Impact Of Suicide Calls On Police, Barry N. Feldman, Albert J. Grudzinskas Jr., Bernice Gershenson, Jonathan C. Clayfield, Richard P. Cody 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Impact Of Suicide Calls On Police, Barry N. Feldman, Albert J. Grudzinskas Jr., Bernice Gershenson, Jonathan C. Clayfield, Richard P. Cody

Psychiatry Information in Brief

This Issue Brief examines the impact and stressors for police officers of responding to completed suicide calls. The authors present findings from a study of over 225 Massachusetts police officers and offer training recommendations to address mental health needs within the law enforcement community.


Advancing Stage Of Female Reproductive Life Associated With Bipolar Illness Exacerbation, Wendy K. Marsh, Terence Ketter, Sybil L. Crawford, Julia V. Johnson, Anthony J. Rothschild 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Advancing Stage Of Female Reproductive Life Associated With Bipolar Illness Exacerbation, Wendy K. Marsh, Terence Ketter, Sybil L. Crawford, Julia V. Johnson, Anthony J. Rothschild

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Introduction: Perimenopause confers an increased risk of depression in the general population, yet bipolar disorder mood course remains unknown.

Methods: Clinic visits in 519 premenopausal, 116 perimenopausal including 13 women transitioning from peri- to postmenopause, and 133 postmenopausal women with bipolar disorder who received naturalistic treatment in the multisite STEP-Bipolar Disorder study over 19.8 +/- 15.5 months were analyzed for mood state.

Results: Advancing female reproductive stage was associated with significant decline in mood elevation; significant decline in euthymia; no significant difference in major depression; and symptomatic significant increase.

Conclusions: Advancing stage of female reproductive life was associated with ...


Why Don’T More People Use This Drug? Myths, Evidence & Policy, Robin E. Clark 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Why Don’T More People Use This Drug? Myths, Evidence & Policy, Robin E. Clark

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

This presentation describes barriers to evidence-based medication development, availability, and use; and introduces some of the scientific tools and approaches, such as comparative effectiveness research, that address these barriers. Context: Medication-assisted treatment for opioid dependence.


Dance/Movement Therapy In Inpatient Hematological Cancer Treatment, Megan Hall 2011 Columbia College Chicago

Dance/Movement Therapy In Inpatient Hematological Cancer Treatment, Megan Hall

Dance/Movement Therapy & Counseling Theses

This quasi-experimental, mixed methods study examined the effects of dance/movement therapy on three types of outcomes (quality of life, anxiety and depression, and coping methods) for adult cancer inpatients who received treatment for a hematological cancer diagnosis. It was hypothesized that if hematological cancer patients participated in three or more dance/movement therapy sessions, then they would find a greater quality of life, decreased feelings of anxiety and depression, and an improvement in coping methods. Those patients who participated in three or more dance/movement therapy sessions while in the hospital formed the intervention group, and those who did ...


Positive Affect During Goal Adoption : Why Happiness Breeds Success, Katherine Wainwright 2011 Butler University

Positive Affect During Goal Adoption : Why Happiness Breeds Success, Katherine Wainwright

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

Prior research has shown that positive affect helps individuals to achieve their goals. typically by energizing individuals' performance during goal pursuit. However, questions remain as to whether other mechanisms might exist by which positive affect could facilitate success. Specifically, researchers have yet to address the role that positive affect might play during the process of goal adoption. In the current study, I examined whether positive affect experienced at the time of goal adoption facilitates goal achievement. Participants were induced into either a positive or neutral affective state by watching a video clip. They were also asked to adopt the goal ...


What Do You Expect? An Invesitgation Of How Caffeine Expectancies Affect College Students' Cognitive Performances, Katie Berg 2011 Butler University

What Do You Expect? An Invesitgation Of How Caffeine Expectancies Affect College Students' Cognitive Performances, Katie Berg

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

Caffeine use is common, but few studies have examined how the expectancies that people hold about caffeine relate to the effects they experience after consuming it. My study examined how typical caffeine consumption and students' expectancies about how caffeine generally affects them influence their decisions about caffeine use as well as their performance on memory and attention tests. I hypothesized that expectations about how caffeine affects students would interact with their beliefs about how much caffeine they had consumed to impact performance on tests of attention and memory. Undergraduate students were divided into four groups: high consumption and high expectancy ...


The Effects Of A Brief Mindfulness Intervention On Impulsivity In College Students, Myles Elgin Trapp 2011 Butler University

The Effects Of A Brief Mindfulness Intervention On Impulsivity In College Students, Myles Elgin Trapp

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

This study investigated the impact of a brief, introductory mindfulness intervention on attention, executive control, and impulsivity. I randomly assigned forty-seven undergraduate students to a treatment group (TG) receiving mindfulness training and a waiting list control group (WLG). Participants completed a battery of self-report questionnaires and standardized neuropsychological tests before and after the intervention. Participants high in trait mindfulness suffered less interference on a Stroop task, were less impulsive on the Balloon Analogue Risk Task, but also evidenced less cognitive flexibility on a dual fluency test at baseline. The TG demonstrated greater improvement than the WLG from baseline to re-test ...


Finding The Rhythm In Dance/Movement Therapy: The Use Of Tap Dance In Residential Treatment, Alexandria D’Aurio 2011 Columbia College Chicago

Finding The Rhythm In Dance/Movement Therapy: The Use Of Tap Dance In Residential Treatment, Alexandria D’Aurio

Dance/Movement Therapy & Counseling Theses

This thesis project was inspired by this researcher’s passion and interest in rhythm and more specifically tap dance. There is currently no literature on the use of tap dance in dance/movement therapy. The project was guided by the research question: How can tap dance be used as a dance/movement therapy (DMT) technique? By combining tap dance and dance/movement therapy the purpose of this thesis is to provide the DMT community (clients and dance therapists) with more knowledge and tools to use for facilitation and to further deepen the process in DMT sessions. The research will be ...


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