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Criminal Law And Common Sense: An Essay On The Perils And Promise Of Neuroscience, Stephen J. Morse 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Criminal Law And Common Sense: An Essay On The Perils And Promise Of Neuroscience, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Burden, Depressive Symptoms, And Perceived Health In Male Caregivers Of Persons With End Stage Renal Disease, Loretta Alexia Williams 2015 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Burden, Depressive Symptoms, And Perceived Health In Male Caregivers Of Persons With End Stage Renal Disease, Loretta Alexia Williams

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Introduction: Men are increasingly assuming the role of caregiver to individuals with chronic illnesses. The debilitating effects of ESRD cause many of those diagnosed with the disease to require assistance from family caregivers. Caregiver literature well reports that caregivers experience mental and physical health effects related to this role. However, research involving the experiences of male caregivers of individuals with ESRD is understudied. These studies use the background and contextual as well as primary and secondary domains of the Stress Process Model to determine the levels of and explore the experiences associated with caregiver burden, depressive symptoms, and perceived health ...


The Transformative And Healing Powers Of Compassion, Forgiveness, And Wonder, Anna C. Eriksson-Marty 2015 Dominican University of California

The Transformative And Healing Powers Of Compassion, Forgiveness, And Wonder, Anna C. Eriksson-Marty

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Since time immemorial, humankind has struggled to coexist peacefully together. As human beings, we strive on our relationships with each other and, yet, with actions of hatred and prejudice, we seem to consistently destroy those very relationships we value so deeply. Our current society is plagued by fear, which seems to run more rampant now – more than ever – with assistance of our rapidly evolving communication technology. The question must be asked, “How can we end this madness and heal ourselves into a kinder and more fulfilling future?” By providing up-to-date scientific research on the human emotions of compassion, forgiveness, wonder ...


Effect Of Delirium And Other Major Complications On Outcomes After Elective Surgery In Older Adults, Lauren J. Gleason, Eva Schmitt, Cyrus Kosar, Patrica A. Tabloski, Jane S. Saczynski, Thomas Robinson, Zara Cooper, Selwyn O. Rogers Jr, Richard N. Jones, Edward R. Marcantonio, Sharon K. Inouye 2015 Harvard Medical School

Effect Of Delirium And Other Major Complications On Outcomes After Elective Surgery In Older Adults, Lauren J. Gleason, Eva Schmitt, Cyrus Kosar, Patrica A. Tabloski, Jane S. Saczynski, Thomas Robinson, Zara Cooper, Selwyn O. Rogers Jr, Richard N. Jones, Edward R. Marcantonio, Sharon K. Inouye

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

IMPORTANCE: Major postoperative complications and delirium contribute independently to adverse outcomes and high resource use in patients who undergo major surgery; however, their interrelationship is not well examined.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of major postoperative complications and delirium, alone and combined, with adverse outcomes after surgery.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective cohort study in 2 large academic medical centers of 566 patients who were 70 years or older without recognized dementia or a history of delirium and underwent elective major orthopedic, vascular, or abdominal surgical procedures with a minimum 3-day hospitalization between June 18, 2010, and August 8, 2013 ...


Common Use Of Dietary Supplements For Bipolar Disorder: A Naturalistic, Self-Reported Study, Michael Bauer, Tasha Glenn, Jorn Conell, Natalie Rasgon, Wendy K. Marsh, Kemal Sagduyu, Rodrigo Munoz, Ute Lewitzka, Rita Bauer, Maximilian Pilhatsch, Scott Monteith, Peter C. Whybrow 2015 Technische Universität

Common Use Of Dietary Supplements For Bipolar Disorder: A Naturalistic, Self-Reported Study, Michael Bauer, Tasha Glenn, Jorn Conell, Natalie Rasgon, Wendy K. Marsh, Kemal Sagduyu, Rodrigo Munoz, Ute Lewitzka, Rita Bauer, Maximilian Pilhatsch, Scott Monteith, Peter C. Whybrow

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Dietary supplements are taken by about half of Americans. Knowledge of dietary supplement use is important because they may interact with prescription drugs or other supplements, cause adverse reactions including psychiatric symptoms, or contain inherently toxic ingredients or contaminants. This study explores the use of dietary supplements by patients with bipolar disorder in the US.

METHODS: Data were obtained from an ongoing, naturalistic study of patients with bipolar disorder who received pharmacological treatment as usual. The patients self-reported their daily mood, sleep, and medications taken, including all drugs prescribed for bipolar disorder or that the patient felt impacted their ...


Feasibility Of An Assessment Tool For Children's Competence To Consent To Predictive Genetic Testing: A Pilot Study, Irma M. Hein, Pieter W. Troost, Robert Lindeboom, Imke Christiaans, Thomas Grisso, Johannes B. van Goudoever, Ramon J.L. Lindauer 2015 Academic Medical Center

Feasibility Of An Assessment Tool For Children's Competence To Consent To Predictive Genetic Testing: A Pilot Study, Irma M. Hein, Pieter W. Troost, Robert Lindeboom, Imke Christiaans, Thomas Grisso, Johannes B. Van Goudoever, Ramon J.L. Lindauer

Open Access Articles

Knowledge on children's capacities to consent to medical treatment is limited. Also, age limits for asking children's consent vary considerably between countries. Decision-making on predictive genetic testing (PGT) is especially complicated, considering the ongoing ethical debate. In order to examine just age limits for alleged competence to consent in children, we evaluated feasibility of a standardized assessment tool, and investigated cutoff ages for children's competence to consent to PGT. We performed a pilot study, including 17 pediatric outpatients between 6 and 18 years at risk for an autosomal dominantly inherited cardiac disease, eligible for predictive genetic testing ...


Symptom Severity Of Bipolar Disorder During The Menopausal Transition, Wendy K. Marsh, Bernice G. Gershenson, Anthony J. Rothschild 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Symptom Severity Of Bipolar Disorder During The Menopausal Transition, Wendy K. Marsh, Bernice G. Gershenson, Anthony J. Rothschild

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the mood symptom experience of women with bipolar disorder during the menopausal transition (MT). Yet times of rapid hormonal decline, such as the postpartum, are associated with increased risk of severe mood episodes in bipolar disorder, and the MT is a time of increased risk for unipolar depression in women with or without a history of depression.

METHODS: Enrollment included 56 women 40-60 years old diagnosed in the bipolar spectrum who were experiencing menopausal symptoms or were up to 5 years since their final menstrual period. Menopausal stages included early menopause, late menopause, or early ...


Trends In Psychotropic Dispensing Among Older Adults With Dementia Living In Long-Term Care Facilities: 2004-2013., Akshya Vasudev, Salimah Z Shariff, Kuan Liu, Amer M Burhan, Nathan Herrmann, Sean Leonard, Muhammad Mamdani 2015 Western University

Trends In Psychotropic Dispensing Among Older Adults With Dementia Living In Long-Term Care Facilities: 2004-2013., Akshya Vasudev, Salimah Z Shariff, Kuan Liu, Amer M Burhan, Nathan Herrmann, Sean Leonard, Muhammad Mamdani

Psychiatry Publications

OBJECTIVE: Guidelines worldwide have cautioned against the use of antipsychotics as first-line agents to treat neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia. We aimed to investigate the changes over time in the dispensing of antipsychotics and other psychotropics among older adults with dementia living in long-term care facilities.

METHODS: We used drug claims data from Ontario, Canada, to calculate quarterly rates of prescription dispensing of six psychotropic drug classes among all elderly (≥65 years of age) long-term care residents with dementia from January 1, 2004, to March 31, 2013. Psychotropic drugs were classified into the following categories: atypical and conventional antipsychotics, non-sedative and ...


Perceiving One's Heart Condition To Be Cured Following Hospitalization For Acute Coronary Syndromes: Implications For Patient-Provider Communication, Molly Waring, David McManus, Stephenie Lemon, Joel Gore, Milena Anatchkova, Richard McManus, Arlene Ash, Robert Goldberg, Catarina Kiefe, Jane Saczynski 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Perceiving One's Heart Condition To Be Cured Following Hospitalization For Acute Coronary Syndromes: Implications For Patient-Provider Communication, Molly Waring, David Mcmanus, Stephenie Lemon, Joel Gore, Milena Anatchkova, Richard Mcmanus, Arlene Ash, Robert Goldberg, Catarina Kiefe, Jane Saczynski

Richard H. McManus

OBJECTIVE: We examined the proportion of patients perceiving their heart condition to be cured following hospitalization for ACS and identified characteristics associated with these perceptions.

METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of adults hospitalized with ACS (N=396). Patient interviews during hospitalization and one week post-discharge provided demographic and psychosocial characteristics. Medical records provided clinical characteristics. At one week, patients who rated "My heart condition is cured" as "definitely true" or "mostly true" were considered to perceive their heart condition cured.

RESULTS: Participants were aged 60.7 (SD:11.0) years, 26.5% female, and 89.0% non-Hispanic white ...


Social Motivation Is Associated With Elevated Salivary Cortisol In Boys With An Asd, Vicki Bitsika, Christopher Sharpley, Linda Agnew, Nicholas Andronicos 2015 Bond University

Social Motivation Is Associated With Elevated Salivary Cortisol In Boys With An Asd, Vicki Bitsika, Christopher Sharpley, Linda Agnew, Nicholas Andronicos

Vicki Bitsika

Because social communication difficulties and stress are common in children with an ASD, and because it has been hypothesised that the two are related, the association between these two variables was investigated in a sample of 90 boys with an ASD and who were aged between 6 years and 12 years of age. The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) was completed by the parents of these boys about their sons, plus salivary cortisol samples were collected from the boys. Results indicated that only one aspect of the boys' SRS was significantly correlated with cortisol—Social Motivation (SM). Factor analyses revealed two ...


Age-Related Differences In The Association Between Stereotypic Behaviour And Salivary Cortisol In Young Males With An Autism Spectrum Disorder, Vicki Bitsika, Christopher Sharpley, Linda Agnew, Nicholas Andronicos 2015 Bond University

Age-Related Differences In The Association Between Stereotypic Behaviour And Salivary Cortisol In Young Males With An Autism Spectrum Disorder, Vicki Bitsika, Christopher Sharpley, Linda Agnew, Nicholas Andronicos

Vicki Bitsika

To identify if age influenced the relationship between one of the central symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and physiological stress, the association between stereotypic behaviour (SB) and stress-related cortisol concentrations was examined in a sample of 150 young males with an ASD. Parent-rated SB was significantly correlated with cortisol concentrations for boys aged 6 years to 12 years but not for adolescents aged 13 years to 18 years. This age-related difference in this association was not a function of cortisol concentrations but was related to differences in SB across these two age groups. IQ did not have a significant ...


Quality Of Life In Adolescents With Cancer, Molly Ryan 2015 Western Michigan University

Quality Of Life In Adolescents With Cancer, Molly Ryan

Honors Theses

There is no current universally accepted definition for quality of life (QOL). One source defined the concept of QOL as how an individual measures the goodness of different aspects of their life. These assessments include one’s emotional reactions to life events, disposition, sense of fulfillment, and satisfaction with personal relationships and work (Theofilou, 2013). Another definition encompasses the person’s level of functioning and overall satisfaction and well-being of their life (Lavdaniti & Tsitsis, 2015). QOL can be influenced by many factors, including physical health and certain disease processes. One disease in particular that can significantly affect one’s QOL ...


Maternal Intuition Of Fetal Gender, Michael P. McFadzen, David P. Dielentheis, Ronda Kasten 2015 Department of Obstetrics, Aurora Sheboygan Clinic

Maternal Intuition Of Fetal Gender, Michael P. Mcfadzen, David P. Dielentheis, Ronda Kasten

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Many pregnant mothers feel they have a perception or intuition as to the gender of their unborn baby. There is very little published scientific literature regarding this topic. The study’s goal is to determine accuracy of mothers’ perceptions as to gender of their unborn babies. Many scientists believe a pregnant woman could not determine her baby’s gender by intuition, with a 50% probability of correctly determining the gender. This study should be considered fun science.

Purpose: To objectively measure a pregnant mother’s perception as to the gender of her unborn baby and compare to sonographically proved ...


Psychiatric Gene Discoveries Shape Evidence On Adhd's Biology, Anita Thapar, J. Martin, Eric Mick, A. Arias Vasquez, Kate Langley, Stephen W. Scherer, Russell Schachar, Jennifer Crosbie, N. Williams, Barbara Franke, J. Elia, J. Glessner, H. Hakonarson, M. J. Owen, S. V. Faraone, Michael C. O'Donovan, Peter Holmans 2015 Cardiff University

Psychiatric Gene Discoveries Shape Evidence On Adhd's Biology, Anita Thapar, J. Martin, Eric Mick, A. Arias Vasquez, Kate Langley, Stephen W. Scherer, Russell Schachar, Jennifer Crosbie, N. Williams, Barbara Franke, J. Elia, J. Glessner, H. Hakonarson, M. J. Owen, S. V. Faraone, Michael C. O'Donovan, Peter Holmans

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

A strong motivation for undertaking psychiatric gene discovery studies is to provide novel insights into unknown biology. Although attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is highly heritable, and large, rare copy number variants (CNVs) contribute to risk, little is known about its pathogenesis and it remains commonly misunderstood. We assembled and pooled five ADHD and control CNV data sets from the United Kingdom, Ireland, United States of America, Northern Europe and Canada. Our aim was to test for enrichment of neurodevelopmental gene sets, implicated by recent exome-sequencing studies of (a) schizophrenia and (b) autism as a means of testing the hypothesis that ...


Interventions To Improve Access And Health Behaviors In Individuals With Intellectual And Developmental Disability: A National Resource For Oral Health, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Cindy K. Fleming 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Interventions To Improve Access And Health Behaviors In Individuals With Intellectual And Developmental Disability: A National Resource For Oral Health, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Cindy K. Fleming

Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center Publications

The presentation will describe the process by which the systematic review, designed to uncover interventions to reduce oral health disparities in individuals with intellectual and developmental disability, was conducted, along with the search strategy, interventions and outcomes measured. The presentation will convey the evidence base and promising practices for access, behavior, and prevention to generate discussion among researchers, clinicians and policy makers, about future study topics.


God, Human Nature, And Psychology, Mark Christians 2015 Dordt College

God, Human Nature, And Psychology, Mark Christians

Faculty Work: Comprehensive List

"God created humans to think, act, and feel and to be in relationship with other humans."

Posting about exploring the many realms of human expression­­­­­­­­ from In All Things - an online hub committed to the claim that the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ has implications for the entire world.

http://inallthings.org/god-human-nature-and-psychology/


Development And Validation Of The Behavioral Tendencies Questionnaire, Nicholas T. Van Dam, Anna Brown, Tom B. Mole, Jake H. Davis, Willoughby B. Britton, Judson A. Brewer 2015 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Development And Validation Of The Behavioral Tendencies Questionnaire, Nicholas T. Van Dam, Anna Brown, Tom B. Mole, Jake H. Davis, Willoughby B. Britton, Judson A. Brewer

Open Access Articles

At a fundamental level, taxonomy of behavior and behavioral tendencies can be described in terms of approach, avoid, or equivocate (i.e., neither approach nor avoid). While there are numerous theories of personality, temperament, and character, few seem to take advantage of parsimonious taxonomy. The present study sought to implement this taxonomy by creating a questionnaire based on a categorization of behavioral temperaments/tendencies first identified in Buddhist accounts over fifteen hundred years ago. Items were developed using historical and contemporary texts of the behavioral temperaments, described as "Greedy/Faithful", "Aversive/Discerning", and "Deluded/Speculative". To both maintain this categorical ...


A Systematic Review Of Oral Health Interventions To Reduce Disparities In Adults With Intellectual Disability: Results Of A Novel Approach, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Systematic Review Of Oral Health Interventions To Reduce Disparities In Adults With Intellectual Disability: Results Of A Novel Approach, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Matthew Holder

Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center Publications

Research consistently shows that people with I/DD experience poorer oral hygiene, higher prevalence and severity of periodontal disease, and higher incidence of untreated caries when compared to the general population. In a systematic review funded by the Centers for Disease Control (NCBDD), researchers rigorously evaluated evidence for a wide range of interventions that offer the potential to reduce those disparities. More than 4,000 titles/abstracts were identified from a literature search that included peer reviewed as well as gray literature. After criteria were applied to identify the I/DD population and intervention-studies only, the number of full text ...


Inventory Of Cognitive Distortions: Validation Of A Measure Of Cognitive Distortions Using A Community Sample, Michael B. Roberts 2015 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Inventory Of Cognitive Distortions: Validation Of A Measure Of Cognitive Distortions Using A Community Sample, Michael B. Roberts

Michael A Roberts

The purpose of this study was to examine and evaluate further the psychometric properties of a self-report inventory of cognitive distortions using a nonclinical, community sample. A group of 474 individuals were contacted via the social networking site, Facebook, and through a college list-serve and were asked to complete multiple measures and also to send the link to other individuals, thus utilizing a snowball sample. The measures used included the Inventory of Cognitive Distortions (ICD), Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and a brief questionnaire to collect demographic information on each participant. Results revealed positive psychometric properties for ...


Attachment And Pornography Use: The Influence Of Romantic Attachment Styles, Intimacy, And Pornography Use On Marital Satisfaction, Saudia Twine 2015 Liberty University

Attachment And Pornography Use: The Influence Of Romantic Attachment Styles, Intimacy, And Pornography Use On Marital Satisfaction, Saudia Twine

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The current study sought to answer the following research questions: First, what is the relationship between attachment, intimacy, pornography use, and marital satisfaction? Second, in what ways does intimacy influence marital satisfaction among pornography users with insecure attachment? Finally, is pornography used to regulate attachment emotions among pornography users with insecure attachment? The study revealed that Pornography Use caused an interaction in the relationship between Intimacy and Marital Satisfaction for those higher in Attachment Avoidance. Pornography Use accounted for 3% unique variance on Marital Satisfaction after controlling for Intimacy and Attachment Avoidance. Results also revealed Intimacy had a direct effect ...


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