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A Research Agenda For Gender And Substance Use Disorders In The Emergency Department, Esther Choo, Rashelle Hayes, Edwin Boudreaux 2015 Brown University

A Research Agenda For Gender And Substance Use Disorders In The Emergency Department, Esther Choo, Rashelle Hayes, Edwin Boudreaux

Edwin D. Boudreaux

For many years, gender differences have been recognized as important factors in the etiology, pathophysiology, comorbidities, and treatment needs and outcomes associated with the use of alcohol, drugs, and tobacco. However, little is known about how these gender-specific differences affect ED utilization; responses to ED-based interventions; needs for substance use treatment and barriers to accessing care among patients in the ED; or outcomes after an alcohol-, drug-, or tobacco-related visit. As part of the 2014 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference on "Gender-Specific Research in Emergency Care: Investigate, Understand and Translate How Gender Affects Patient Outcomes," a breakout group convened to ...


Psychotropic Drugs Of Choice In The Elderly: Part 2, Douglas Anderson 2015 Cedarville University

Psychotropic Drugs Of Choice In The Elderly: Part 2, Douglas Anderson

Douglas C. Anderson, R.Ph., Pharm.D.

No abstract provided.


Psychotropic Drugs Of Choice In The Elderly: Part 1, Douglas Anderson 2015 Cedarville University

Psychotropic Drugs Of Choice In The Elderly: Part 1, Douglas Anderson

Douglas C. Anderson, R.Ph., Pharm.D.

No abstract provided.


Elevated Levels Of Adiponectin And Other Cytokines In Drug Naive, First Episode Schizophrenia Patients With Normal Weight, Xueqin Song, Xiaoduo Fan, Xinwen Song, Jianjiang Zhang, Wei Zhang, Xue Li, Jinsong Gao, Amy Harrington, Douglas Ziedonis, Luxian Lv 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School Worcester

Elevated Levels Of Adiponectin And Other Cytokines In Drug Naive, First Episode Schizophrenia Patients With Normal Weight, Xueqin Song, Xiaoduo Fan, Xinwen Song, Jianjiang Zhang, Wei Zhang, Xue Li, Jinsong Gao, Amy Harrington, Douglas Ziedonis, Luxian Lv

Douglas M. Ziedonis

OBJECTIVE: The study was to examine the levels of adiponectin (APN) and other cytokines, and body metabolism in drug naive, first episode schizophrenia patients with normal weight.

METHODS: Ninety-six drug naive, first episode schizophrenia patients with normal weight (SZ group), 60 healthy individuals with normal weight (control group), and 60 overweight or obese but otherwise healthy individuals (obesity group) were enrolled in the study. Serum levels of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and APN were measured using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Glucose oxidase was used to measure plasma glucose level. Lipid levels were measured using the ...


School-Aged Sheltered Homeless Children's Stressors And Coping Strategies, Chu-Yu Huang 2015 Cedarville University

School-Aged Sheltered Homeless Children's Stressors And Coping Strategies, Chu-Yu Huang

Chu-Yu Huang, R.N., Ph.D.

The purpose was to study the stressors, coping strategies, coping effectiveness, behavioral states, and gender differences of school-aged homeless children. The conceptual framework was Lazarus' and Folkman's (1984) stress and coping paradigm and child development perspectives. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used. The sample consisted of 90 children and their mothers residing in shelters. The children ranged in age from 8 to 12 years, 46 were females and 44 were males, 65 were African-American, 23 were Caucasian, and it was the first time homeless for 55 of the families. Data were collected through interviews with the children using Homeless ...


Panic Disorder: Implications For The Pharmacist, Douglas Anderson 2015 Cedarville University

Panic Disorder: Implications For The Pharmacist, Douglas Anderson

Douglas C. Anderson, R.Ph., Pharm.D.

No abstract provided.


Love: Its Evolution And Neurobiology, Gerald Ballough PhD 2015 La Salle University

Love: Its Evolution And Neurobiology, Gerald Ballough Phd

Explorer Café

No abstract provided.


Introduction: A Changing Indonesia, Maribeth Erb, Kathleen Adams 2015 National University of Singapore

Introduction: A Changing Indonesia, Maribeth Erb, Kathleen Adams

Kathleen M. Adams

No abstract provided.


Mean Length Of Utterance In Children With Specific Language Impairment And In Younger Control Children Shows Concurrent Validity And Stable And Parallel Growth Trajectories, Mabel Rice, Sean Redmond, Lesa Hoffman 2015 University of Kansas

Mean Length Of Utterance In Children With Specific Language Impairment And In Younger Control Children Shows Concurrent Validity And Stable And Parallel Growth Trajectories, Mabel Rice, Sean Redmond, Lesa Hoffman

Sean M. Redmond

Purpose: Although mean length of utterance (MLU) is a useful benchmark in studies of children with specific language impairment (SLI), some empirical and interpretive issues are unresolved. The authors report on 2 studies examining, respectively, the concurrent validity and temporal stability of MLU equivalency between children with SLI and typically developing children. Method: Study 1 used 124 archival conversational samples consisting of 39 children with SLI (age 5;0 [years;months]), 40 MLU-equivalent typically developing children (age 3;0), and 45 age-equivalent controls. Concurrent validity of MLU matches was examined by considering the correspondence between MLU and developmental sentence scoring ...


The Neurophysiology Of Intersensory Selective Attention And Task Switching, Jeremy W. Murphy 2015 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Neurophysiology Of Intersensory Selective Attention And Task Switching, Jeremy W. Murphy

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

Our ability to selectively attend to certain aspects of the world and ignore others is fundamental to our day-to-day lives. The need for selective attention stems from capacity limitations inherent in our perceptual and cognitive processing architecture. Because not every elemental piece of our environment can be fully processed in parallel, the nervous system must prioritize processing. This prioritization is generally referred to as selective attention. Meanwhile, we are faced with a world that is constantly in flux, such that we have to frequently shift our attention from one piece of the environment to another and from one task to ...


Interactions Of Borderline Personality Disorder And Anxiety Disorders Over Ten Years, Alex Keuroghlian,, John Gunderson, Maria Pagano, John Markowitz, Emily Ansell, M. Shea, Leslie Morey, Charles Sanislow, Carlos Grilo, Robert Stout, Mary Zanarini, Thomas McGlashan, Andrew Skodol 2015 Harvard Medical School

Interactions Of Borderline Personality Disorder And Anxiety Disorders Over Ten Years, Alex Keuroghlian,, John Gunderson, Maria Pagano, John Markowitz, Emily Ansell, M. Shea, Leslie Morey, Charles Sanislow, Carlos Grilo, Robert Stout, Mary Zanarini, Thomas Mcglashan, Andrew Skodol

Charles A. Sanislow

Objective: This report examines the relationship of borderline personality disorder (BPD) to DSM-IV anxiety disorders using data on the reciprocal effects of improvement or worsening of BPD and anxiety disorders over the course of 10 years.

Method: We reliably and prospectively assessed borderline patients (N= 164) with DSM-IV-defined co-occurring generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; N= 42), panic with agoraphobia (PWA; N= 39), panic without agoraphobia (PWOA; N= 36), social phobia (N= 48), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD; N= 36), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; N= 88) annually over a period of 10 years between 1997 and 2009. We used proportional hazards regression analyses ...


Why Challenge To Lead? Sanford's Theory Of Challenge And Support, Fayth Parks 2015 Selected Works

Why Challenge To Lead? Sanford's Theory Of Challenge And Support, Fayth Parks

Fayth M. Parks

Why Challenge to Lead? Sanford's Theory of College Student Development. You can positively affect college student development using your leadership skills. Learn how leadership counts.


Reward Enhances Tic Suppression In Children Within Months Of Tic Disorder Onset, Deanna Greene, Jonathan Koller, Amy Robichaux-Viehoever, Emily Bihun, Bradley Schlaggar, Kevin Black 2015 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Reward Enhances Tic Suppression In Children Within Months Of Tic Disorder Onset, Deanna Greene, Jonathan Koller, Amy Robichaux-Viehoever, Emily Bihun, Bradley Schlaggar, Kevin Black

Kevin J. Black, MD

Tic disorders are childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by motor and/or vocal tics. Research has demonstrated that children with chronic tics (including Tourette syndrome and Chronic Tic Disorder: TS/CTD) can suppress tics, particularly when an immediate, contingent reward is given for successful tic suppression. As a diagnosis of TS/CTD requires tics to be present for at least one year, children in these tic suppression studies had been living with tics for quite some time. Thus, it is unclear whether the ability to inhibit tics is learned over time or present at tic onset. Resolving that issue would ...


A Pilot Study On The Effects Of Exercise On Depression Symptoms Using Levels Of Neurotransmitters And Eeg As Markers, Timothy Barclay, Scott Richards, James Schoffstall, Chad Magnuson, Christine McPhee, Josh Price, Stephen Aita, Audrey Anderson, Dan Johnson, Jerry Price 2015 Liberty University

A Pilot Study On The Effects Of Exercise On Depression Symptoms Using Levels Of Neurotransmitters And Eeg As Markers, Timothy Barclay, Scott Richards, James Schoffstall, Chad Magnuson, Christine Mcphee, Josh Price, Stephen Aita, Audrey Anderson, Dan Johnson, Jerry Price

Chad Magnuson

Context: The prescribing of exercise by physicians has become a popular practice, yet the effectiveness of exercise on symptoms of depression is difficult to determine due to a lack of randomized controlled trials with clinical populations. Reports also indicate that only a small percentage of physicians advise their patients regarding exercise and confusion still exists as to how much and what types are best. Aims: To understand the mechanisms that make exercise a viable treatment in depression. Settings and Design: This study employed a six‑week, two group, single‑level trial, pre‑ and posttest design using self‑report of symptoms ...


Jackson, Hope Celeste, B. 1972 (Fa 786), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2015 Western Kentucky University

Jackson, Hope Celeste, B. 1972 (Fa 786), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Finding Aids

Finding aid and full text paper (click Additional Files below) for Folklife Archives Project 786. This collection features a term paper and DVD relating to the pagan folklife in the United States. The project was completed by Western Kentucky University student Hope Celeste Jackson for credit in an “Introduction to Folk Studies” class.


Review: The Rediscovery Of The Wild, Jillian Slater 2015 University of Dayton

Review: The Rediscovery Of The Wild, Jillian Slater

Jillian M Slater

Copyright (c) 2014, Jillian Slater. This review is available for non-commercial, educational use, provided that the user identify the author and the publication listed as the place of first publication, along with the volume and the year of the work's publication.


Use And Perceived Effectiveness Of Coping Skills Among Police Officer Spouses, Andrea Dinsmore 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Use And Perceived Effectiveness Of Coping Skills Among Police Officer Spouses, Andrea Dinsmore

Andrea L. Dinsmore

Discusses her research on the types of psychological stressors faced by the spouses of police officers and their methods of coping.


Assessment Of Competence Restoration: Determining The Threshold, Andrea Dinsmore 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Assessment Of Competence Restoration: Determining The Threshold, Andrea Dinsmore

Andrea L. Dinsmore

Discusses the legal precedent and research basis of evaluating a defendant's mental competency to stand trial, the variables that contribute to non-restorable incompetence to stand trial, and the differences between patients who are restorable to competency versus those who are not restorable to competency.


A Television In The Bedroom Is Associated With Higher Weekday Screen Time Among Youth With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Add/Adhd), Charmaine B. Lo, Molly E. Waring, Sherry L. Pagoto, Stephenie C. Lemon 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Television In The Bedroom Is Associated With Higher Weekday Screen Time Among Youth With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Add/Adhd), Charmaine B. Lo, Molly E. Waring, Sherry L. Pagoto, Stephenie C. Lemon

Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications and Presentations

OBJECTIVE: A TV in the bedroom has been associated with screen time in youth. Youth with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD) have higher rates of screen time, but associations with bedroom TVs are unknown in this population. We examined the association of having a bedroom TV with screen time among youth with ADD/ADHD.

METHODS: Data were from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. Youth 6-17 years whose parent/guardian reported a physician's diagnosis of ADD/ADHD (n = 7,024) were included in the analysis. Parents/guardians reported the presence of a bedroom TV and average ...


Ptsd/Sud In Individuals With Physical Disabilities: Identifying Problems And Promising Interventions, Melissa Anderson, Douglas Ziedonis, Lisa Najavits 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Ptsd/Sud In Individuals With Physical Disabilities: Identifying Problems And Promising Interventions, Melissa Anderson, Douglas Ziedonis, Lisa Najavits

Douglas M. Ziedonis

Co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) is common, affects multiple domains of functioning, and presents complex challenges to recovery. Initial research indicates that individuals with physical disabilities experience higher rates of lifetime trauma and PTSD, and exhibit more severe SUD compared to non-disabled individuals. To expand upon these initial findings, we conducted a series of two studies on PTSD and SUD among individuals with physical disabilities.


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