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The Role Of Calcium Signaling Genes In Schizophrenia Development, Nisha Bhatia 2015 Georgia State University

The Role Of Calcium Signaling Genes In Schizophrenia Development, Nisha Bhatia

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


The Limits Of Evidence Based Medicine And Its Application To Mental Health Evidence-Based Practice. (Part One), Tomi Gomory 2015 Florida State University

The Limits Of Evidence Based Medicine And Its Application To Mental Health Evidence-Based Practice. (Part One), Tomi Gomory

Tomi Gomory

The present article outlines the major limitations of Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) and through a close review demonstrates that the three component EBM process model is a pseudo-scientific tool. Its “objective” component is the collection, systematic analysis, and listing of “effective” treatments applying a research hierarchy from most rigorous (systematic reviews of randomized control trials) to least rigorous (expert opinion). Its two subjective components are the clinical judgment of helping professionals about which “evidence-based” treatment to select and the specific and unique relevant personal preferences of the potential recipients regarding treatment. This procedural mishmash provides no more rigor in choosing ...


The Limits Of Evidence Based Medicine And Its Application To Mental Health Evidence-Based Practice (Part Two): Assertive Community Treatment Assertively Reviewed, Tomi Gomory 2015 Florida State University

The Limits Of Evidence Based Medicine And Its Application To Mental Health Evidence-Based Practice (Part Two): Assertive Community Treatment Assertively Reviewed, Tomi Gomory

Tomi Gomory

This article is the second of two published in EHPP, the first appeared in the current spring 2013 volume. The first article argued the very serious limitations of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) and its very popular mental health offshoot Evidence-Based Practice (EBP)(Gomory, in press). The present article is meant to be a consolidation and update of a 1999 analysis of Assertive Community Treatment (ACT), the best “validated” mental health EBP according the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and academic researchers. The present analysis reconfirms the failure of ACT as a treatment modality and a platform for successfully reducing hospitalization ...


A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Smartphone-Based Mindfulness Training For Smoking Cessation: A Study Protocol, Kathleen A. Garrison, Prasanta Pal, Rahil Rojiani, Jesse Dallery, Stephanie S. O'Malley, Judson A. Brewer 2015 Yale School of Medicine

A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Smartphone-Based Mindfulness Training For Smoking Cessation: A Study Protocol, Kathleen A. Garrison, Prasanta Pal, Rahil Rojiani, Jesse Dallery, Stephanie S. O'Malley, Judson A. Brewer

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is responsible for the death of about 1 in 10 individuals worldwide. Mindfulness training has shown preliminary efficacy as a behavioral treatment for smoking cessation. Recent advances in mobile health suggest advantages to smartphone-based smoking cessation treatment including smartphone-based mindfulness training. This study evaluates the efficacy of a smartphone app-based mindfulness training program for improving smoking cessation rates at 6-months follow-up.

METHODS/DESIGN: A two-group parallel-randomized clinical trial with allocation concealment will be conducted. Group assignment will be concealed from study researchers through to follow-up. The study will be conducted by smartphone and online. Daily smokers who ...


Adoption And Safe Families Act State Statutes Regarding Parents With Mental Illnesses: A Review And Targeted Intervention, Katy Kaplan, Petra Kottsieper, Jeniece Scott, Mark Salzer, Phyllis Solomon 2015 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Adoption And Safe Families Act State Statutes Regarding Parents With Mental Illnesses: A Review And Targeted Intervention, Katy Kaplan, Petra Kottsieper, Jeniece Scott, Mark Salzer, Phyllis Solomon

Petra Kottsieper

TOPIC: This paper describes an intervention targeting states that list a parental mental illness/disability as an "aggravated circumstance" under the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA), resulting in reasonable efforts not required to reunify a family.

PURPOSE: This paper delineates the results from our review of ASFA state statutes, the development of a model ASFA statute, and strategies to educate legislators and the public about the impact of discrimination that parents with mental illnesses encounter because of ASFA legislation with the intent of modifying state ASFA legislation.

SOURCES USED: The following sources were used for this educational ...


From Adherence To Self-Determination: Evolution Of A Treatment Paradigm For People With Serious Mental Illnesses, Patrick Corrigan, Beth Angell, Larry Davidson, Steven Marcus, Mark Salzer, Petra Kottsieper, Jonathon Larson, Colleen Mahoney, Maria O'Connell, Victoria Stanhope 2015 College of Psychology, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL

From Adherence To Self-Determination: Evolution Of A Treatment Paradigm For People With Serious Mental Illnesses, Patrick Corrigan, Beth Angell, Larry Davidson, Steven Marcus, Mark Salzer, Petra Kottsieper, Jonathon Larson, Colleen Mahoney, Maria O'Connell, Victoria Stanhope

Petra Kottsieper

Treatment adherence and nonadherence is the current paradigm for understanding why people with serious mental illnesses have low rates of participation in many evidence-based practices. The authors propose the concept of self-determination as an evolution in this explanatory paradigm. A review of the research literature led them to the conclusion that notions of adherence are significantly limited, promoting a value-based perspective suggesting people who do not opt for prescribed treatments are somehow flawed or otherwise symptomatic. Consistent with a trend in public health and health psychology, ideas of decisions and behavior related to health and wellness are promoted. Self-determination frames ...


Measuring Community Participation Of Adults With Psychiatric Disabilities: Reliability Of Two Modes Of Data Collection., Mark Salzer, Eugene Brusilovskiy, Janet Prvu-Bettger, Petra Kottsieper 2015 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Measuring Community Participation Of Adults With Psychiatric Disabilities: Reliability Of Two Modes Of Data Collection., Mark Salzer, Eugene Brusilovskiy, Janet Prvu-Bettger, Petra Kottsieper

Petra Kottsieper

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The Americans with Disabilities Act set in motion a series of policies and actions to promote community integration and participation, including for those individuals with psychiatric disabilities. Measuring participation in this population is in its infancy. This study examines the test-retest reliability of two modes of administration of a measure that assesses participation in four social life domains and the extent to which participation is viewed as sufficient and important. RESEARCH METHOD/DESIGN: One hundred and 19 individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depression were randomly assigned to either an interviewer- or self-administered method ...


Handling Human Hacking: Creating A Comprehensive Defensive Strategy Against Modern Social Engineering, Charles Snyder 2015 Liberty University

Handling Human Hacking: Creating A Comprehensive Defensive Strategy Against Modern Social Engineering, Charles Snyder

Senior Honors Theses

Social engineering is one of the most devastating threats to any company or business. Rather than relying upon technical flaws in order to break into computer networks, social engineers utilize a suave personality in order to deceive individuals through clever conversation. These devious conversations frequently provide the attacker with sufficient information to compromise the company’s computer network. Unlike common technical attacks, social engineering attacks cannot be prevented by security tools and software. Instead of attacking a network directly, a social engineer exploits human psychology in order to coerce the victim to inadvertently divulge sensitive information. Further complicating the issue ...


A Television In The Bedroom Is Associated With Higher Weekday Screen Time Among Youth With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Add/Adhd), Charmaine Lo, Molly Waring, Sherry Pagoto, Stephenie Lemon 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Television In The Bedroom Is Associated With Higher Weekday Screen Time Among Youth With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Add/Adhd), Charmaine Lo, Molly Waring, Sherry Pagoto, Stephenie Lemon

Molly E. Waring

OBJECTIVE: A TV in the bedroom has been associated with screen time in youth. Youth with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD) have higher rates of screen time, but associations with bedroom TVs are unknown in this population. We examined the association of having a bedroom TV with screen time among youth with ADD/ADHD. METHODS: Data were from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. Youth 6-17 years whose parent/guardian reported a physician's diagnosis of ADD/ADHD (n = 7,024) were included in the analysis. Parents/guardians reported the presence of a bedroom TV and average ...


Tobacco Counseling Experience Prior To Starting Medical School, Tobacco Treatment Self-Efficacy And Knowledge Among First-Year Medical Students In The United States, Rui Sherry Xiao, Rashelle Hayes, Molly Waring, Alan Geller, Linda Churchill, Kolawole Okuyemi, Michael Adams, Kathryn Huggett, Judith Ockene 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Tobacco Counseling Experience Prior To Starting Medical School, Tobacco Treatment Self-Efficacy And Knowledge Among First-Year Medical Students In The United States, Rui Sherry Xiao, Rashelle Hayes, Molly Waring, Alan Geller, Linda Churchill, Kolawole Okuyemi, Michael Adams, Kathryn Huggett, Judith Ockene

Molly E. Waring

OBJECTIVE: To explore students' tobacco dependence counseling experiences prior to medical school and their associations with tobacco counseling self-efficacy, and familiarity with and perceived effectiveness of tobacco dependence treatment among first-year medical students in the United States. METHOD: In 2010, 1266 first-year medical students from 10 US medical schools completed a survey reporting their clinical experiences with specific tobacco counseling skills (e.g., 5As) prior to medical school. The survey also included questions on tobacco counseling self-efficacy, perceived physician impact on smokers, and familiarity and effectiveness of tobacco-related treatments. RESULTS: Half (50.4%) reported some tobacco counseling experiences prior to ...


The Home Environment And Childhood Obesity In Low-Income Households: Indirect Effects Via Sleep Duration And Screen Time, Bradley Appelhans, Stephanie Fitzpatrick, Hong Li, Vernon Cail, Molly Waring, Kristin Schneider, Matthew Whited, Andrew Busch, Sherry Pagoto 2015 Rush University Medical Center

The Home Environment And Childhood Obesity In Low-Income Households: Indirect Effects Via Sleep Duration And Screen Time, Bradley Appelhans, Stephanie Fitzpatrick, Hong Li, Vernon Cail, Molly Waring, Kristin Schneider, Matthew Whited, Andrew Busch, Sherry Pagoto

Molly E. Waring

BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity disproportionally affects children from low-income households. With the aim of informing interventions, this study examined pathways through which the physical and social home environment may promote childhood overweight/obesity in low-income households. METHODS: Data on health behaviors and the home environment were collected at home visits in low-income, urban households with either only normal weight (n = 48) or predominantly overweight/obese (n = 55) children aged 6-13 years. Research staff conducted comprehensive, in-person audits of the foods, media, and sports equipment in each household. Anthropometric measurements were collected, and children's physical activity was assessed through accelerometry. Caregivers ...


A Television In The Bedroom Is Associated With Higher Weekday Screen Time Among Youth With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Add/Adhd), Charmaine Lo, Molly Waring, Sherry Pagoto, Stephenie Lemon 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Television In The Bedroom Is Associated With Higher Weekday Screen Time Among Youth With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Add/Adhd), Charmaine Lo, Molly Waring, Sherry Pagoto, Stephenie Lemon

Sherry L. Pagoto

OBJECTIVE: A TV in the bedroom has been associated with screen time in youth. Youth with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD) have higher rates of screen time, but associations with bedroom TVs are unknown in this population. We examined the association of having a bedroom TV with screen time among youth with ADD/ADHD. METHODS: Data were from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. Youth 6-17 years whose parent/guardian reported a physician's diagnosis of ADD/ADHD (n = 7,024) were included in the analysis. Parents/guardians reported the presence of a bedroom TV and average ...


The Home Environment And Childhood Obesity In Low-Income Households: Indirect Effects Via Sleep Duration And Screen Time, Bradley Appelhans, Stephanie Fitzpatrick, Hong Li, Vernon Cail, Molly Waring, Kristin Schneider, Matthew Whited, Andrew Busch, Sherry Pagoto 2015 Rush University Medical Center

The Home Environment And Childhood Obesity In Low-Income Households: Indirect Effects Via Sleep Duration And Screen Time, Bradley Appelhans, Stephanie Fitzpatrick, Hong Li, Vernon Cail, Molly Waring, Kristin Schneider, Matthew Whited, Andrew Busch, Sherry Pagoto

Sherry L. Pagoto

BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity disproportionally affects children from low-income households. With the aim of informing interventions, this study examined pathways through which the physical and social home environment may promote childhood overweight/obesity in low-income households. METHODS: Data on health behaviors and the home environment were collected at home visits in low-income, urban households with either only normal weight (n = 48) or predominantly overweight/obese (n = 55) children aged 6-13 years. Research staff conducted comprehensive, in-person audits of the foods, media, and sports equipment in each household. Anthropometric measurements were collected, and children's physical activity was assessed through accelerometry. Caregivers ...


An Internet-Based Diabetes Management Platform Improves Team Care And Outcomes In An Urban Latino Population, Garry Welch, Sofija Zagarins, Paula Santiago-Kelly, Zoraida Rodriguez, Sven-Erik Bursell, Milagros Rosal, Robert Gabbay 2015 Baystate Medical Center

An Internet-Based Diabetes Management Platform Improves Team Care And Outcomes In An Urban Latino Population, Garry Welch, Sofija Zagarins, Paula Santiago-Kelly, Zoraida Rodriguez, Sven-Erik Bursell, Milagros Rosal, Robert Gabbay

Milagros C. Rosal

OBJECTIVE: To compare usual diabetes care (UDC) to a comprehensive diabetes care intervention condition (IC) involving an Internet-based "diabetes dashboard" management tool used by clinicians.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used a parallel-group randomized design. Diabetes nurses, diabetes dietitians, and providers used the diabetes dashboard as a clinical decision support system to deliver a five-visit, 6-month intervention to 199 poorly controlled (HbA1c > 7.5% [58 mmol/mol]) Latino type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients (mean age 55 years, 60% female) at urban community health centers. We compared this intervention to an established, in-house UDC program (n = 200) for its impact on ...


A Virtual World Versus Face-To-Face Intervention Format To Promote Diabetes Self-Management Among African American Women: A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial, Milagros Rosal, Robin Heyden, Roanne Mejilla, Roberta Capelson, Karen Chalmers, Maria Rizzo DePaoli, Chetty Veerappa, John Wiecha 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Virtual World Versus Face-To-Face Intervention Format To Promote Diabetes Self-Management Among African American Women: A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial, Milagros Rosal, Robin Heyden, Roanne Mejilla, Roberta Capelson, Karen Chalmers, Maria Rizzo Depaoli, Chetty Veerappa, John Wiecha

Milagros C. Rosal

BACKGROUND: Virtual world environments have the potential to increase access to diabetes self-management interventions and may lower cost. OBJECTIVE: We tested the feasibility and comparative effectiveness of a virtual world versus a face-to-face diabetes self-management group intervention. METHODS: We recruited African American women with type 2 diabetes to participate in an 8-week diabetes self-management program adapted from Power to Prevent, a behavior-change in-person group program for African Americans with diabetes or pre-diabetes. The program is social cognitive theory-guided, evidence-based, and culturally tailored. Participants were randomized to participate in the program via virtual world (Second Life) or face-to-face, both delivered by ...


Design And Methods For "Commit To Get Fit" - A Pilot Study Of A School-Based Mindfulness Intervention To Promote Healthy Diet And Physical Activity Among Adolescents, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Susan Druker, Florence Meyer, Beth Bock, Sybil Crawford, Lori Pbert 2015 Brown University

Design And Methods For "Commit To Get Fit" - A Pilot Study Of A School-Based Mindfulness Intervention To Promote Healthy Diet And Physical Activity Among Adolescents, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Susan Druker, Florence Meyer, Beth Bock, Sybil Crawford, Lori Pbert

Lori Pbert

INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular prevention is more effective if started early in life, but available interventions to promote healthy lifestyle habits among youth have been ineffective. Impulsivity in particular has proven to be an important barrier to the adoption of healthy behaviors in youth. Observational evidence suggests that mindfulness interventions may reduce impulsivity and improve diet and physical activity. We hypothesize that mindfulness training in adjunct to traditional health education will improve dietary habits and physical activity among teenagers by reducing impulsive behavior and improving planning skills. METHODS/DESIGN: The Commit to Get Fit study is a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial ...


Brief Provider Communication Skills Training Fails To Impact Patient Hypertension Outcomes, Meredith Manze, Michelle Orner, Mark Glickman, Lori Pbert, Dan Berlowitz, Nancy Kressin 2015 Hunter College, City University of New York (CUNY) School of Public Health

Brief Provider Communication Skills Training Fails To Impact Patient Hypertension Outcomes, Meredith Manze, Michelle Orner, Mark Glickman, Lori Pbert, Dan Berlowitz, Nancy Kressin

Lori Pbert

OBJECTIVES: Hypertension remains a prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and improved medication adherence leads to better blood pressure (BP) control. We sought to improve medication adherence and hypertension outcomes among patients with uncontrolled BP through communication skills training targeting providers.

METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to assess the effects of a communication skills intervention for primary care doctors compared to usual care controls, on the outcomes of BP (systolic, diastolic), patient self-reported medication adherence, and provider counseling, assessed at baseline and post-intervention. We enrolled 379 patients with uncontrolled BP; 203 (54%) with follow-up data comprised our final ...


Smoking And Mortality--Beyond Established Causes, Brian Carter, Christian Abnet, Diane Feskanich, Neal Freedman, Patricia Hartge, Cora Lewis, Judith Ockene, Ross Prentice, Frank Speizer, Michael Thun, Eric Jacobs 2015 American Cancer Society

Smoking And Mortality--Beyond Established Causes, Brian Carter, Christian Abnet, Diane Feskanich, Neal Freedman, Patricia Hartge, Cora Lewis, Judith Ockene, Ross Prentice, Frank Speizer, Michael Thun, Eric Jacobs

Judith K. Ockene

BACKGROUND: Mortality among current smokers is 2 to 3 times as high as that among persons who never smoked. Most of this excess mortality is believed to be explained by 21 common diseases that have been formally established as caused by cigarette smoking and are included in official estimates of smoking-attributable mortality in the United States. However, if smoking causes additional diseases, these official estimates may significantly underestimate the number of deaths attributable to smoking. METHODS: We pooled data from five contemporary U.S. cohort studies including 421,378 men and 532,651 women 55 years of age or older ...


Tobacco Counseling Experience Prior To Starting Medical School, Tobacco Treatment Self-Efficacy And Knowledge Among First-Year Medical Students In The United States, Rui Sherry Xiao, Rashelle Hayes, Molly Waring, Alan Geller, Linda Churchill, Kolawole Okuyemi, Michael Adams, Kathryn Huggett, Judith Ockene 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Tobacco Counseling Experience Prior To Starting Medical School, Tobacco Treatment Self-Efficacy And Knowledge Among First-Year Medical Students In The United States, Rui Sherry Xiao, Rashelle Hayes, Molly Waring, Alan Geller, Linda Churchill, Kolawole Okuyemi, Michael Adams, Kathryn Huggett, Judith Ockene

Judith K. Ockene

OBJECTIVE: To explore students' tobacco dependence counseling experiences prior to medical school and their associations with tobacco counseling self-efficacy, and familiarity with and perceived effectiveness of tobacco dependence treatment among first-year medical students in the United States. METHOD: In 2010, 1266 first-year medical students from 10 US medical schools completed a survey reporting their clinical experiences with specific tobacco counseling skills (e.g., 5As) prior to medical school. The survey also included questions on tobacco counseling self-efficacy, perceived physician impact on smokers, and familiarity and effectiveness of tobacco-related treatments. RESULTS: Half (50.4%) reported some tobacco counseling experiences prior to ...


A Television In The Bedroom Is Associated With Higher Weekday Screen Time Among Youth With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Add/Adhd), Charmaine Lo, Molly Waring, Sherry Pagoto, Stephenie Lemon 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Television In The Bedroom Is Associated With Higher Weekday Screen Time Among Youth With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Add/Adhd), Charmaine Lo, Molly Waring, Sherry Pagoto, Stephenie Lemon

Stephenie C. Lemon

OBJECTIVE: A TV in the bedroom has been associated with screen time in youth. Youth with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD) have higher rates of screen time, but associations with bedroom TVs are unknown in this population. We examined the association of having a bedroom TV with screen time among youth with ADD/ADHD. METHODS: Data were from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. Youth 6-17 years whose parent/guardian reported a physician's diagnosis of ADD/ADHD (n = 7,024) were included in the analysis. Parents/guardians reported the presence of a bedroom TV and average ...


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