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Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


Impact Of A Pilot Outreach Program Upon Provider Awareness And Prescribing Of A Concerning Opioid Combination Regimen, Briana Santaniello, Thomas C. Pomfret, Mark A. Tesell, Nicole M. Trask, Caroline J. Alper, Karen M. Clements, Vincent Palumbo, Kimberly Lenz, Paul L. Jeffrey 2018 Magellan Rx Management

Impact Of A Pilot Outreach Program Upon Provider Awareness And Prescribing Of A Concerning Opioid Combination Regimen, Briana Santaniello, Thomas C. Pomfret, Mark A. Tesell, Nicole M. Trask, Caroline J. Alper, Karen M. Clements, Vincent Palumbo, Kimberly Lenz, Paul L. Jeffrey

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

This pilot program was developed in response to a drug utilization review within a large Medicaid population that revealed some hazardous practices. Co-prescribing of opioids with benzodiazepines, gabapentin, and other stimulants occurred in more than 500 members, putting them at risk for additive central nervous system depression, misuse, abuse, and death from overdose.

The poster presentation outlines the objectives, methods, and results of a telephonic outreach program that addressed these safety concerns. It captures prescriber awareness of the presence and risks of potentially deadly medication combinations among members in their care, with some intriguing results.

Our experts provide health plans ...


Expansion Of Pharmacy Students’ Involvement In Global Health And International Clinical Rotations, Alice C. Chang, Monica L. Miller, Ellen M. Schellhase 2018 Purdue University

Expansion Of Pharmacy Students’ Involvement In Global Health And International Clinical Rotations, Alice C. Chang, Monica L. Miller, Ellen M. Schellhase

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Reciprocal & Sustainable Partnerships

No abstract provided.


Prescription Drug Abuse, Jiaxi Tian 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Prescription Drug Abuse, Jiaxi Tian

Global Issues in Public Health

Prescription drug abuse is an action that portrayed as misuse or overuse of prescription drugs. It is a prevalent problem all over the world. U.S is a particular country that has drug abuse as a serious problem has several different causes of the drug abuse. In the U.S., most prescription drugs are pain killers. The outcomes of drug abuse vary but may lead to death.


Investigating The Role Of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs In Reducing Rates Of Opioid-Related Poisonings, Nathan James Pauly 2018 University of Kentucky

Investigating The Role Of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs In Reducing Rates Of Opioid-Related Poisonings, Nathan James Pauly

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

The United States is in the midst of an opioid epidemic. In addition to other system level interventions, almost all states have responded to the crisis by implementing prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs). PDMPs are state-level interventions that track the dispensing of Controlled Substances. Data generated at the time of medication dispensing is uploaded to a central data server that may be used to assist in identifying drug diversion, medication misuse, or potentially aberrant prescribing practices.

Prior studies assessing the impact of PDMPs on trends in opioid-related morbidity have often failed to take into account the wide heterogeneity of program ...


Association Between Dispensing Channel And Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder Exacerbations Among Medicare Beneficiaries, April S. Prather 2018 University of Kentucky

Association Between Dispensing Channel And Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder Exacerbations Among Medicare Beneficiaries, April S. Prather

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

Elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease may be at increased risk of exacerbation due to physical and cognitive deficits that make proper inhaled medication adherence more difficult despite consistent medication access. This retrospective study utilized administrative medical and pharmacy claims data to examine the likelihood of having a COPD exacerbation requiring acute medical care by means of an emergency room visit or hospitalization in elderly patients receiving maintenance COPD medications from mail order and retail pharmacies. It was hypothesized that mail order patients would be more likely to experience exacerbations despite differences in medication access when compared to retail ...


Implementing A Public Health Perspective In Fda Drug Regulation, Patricia J. Zettler, Margaret Foster Riley, Aaron S. Kesselheim 2018 Georgia State University College of Law

Implementing A Public Health Perspective In Fda Drug Regulation, Patricia J. Zettler, Margaret Foster Riley, Aaron S. Kesselheim

Faculty Publications By Year

There is, without question, a public health crisis in the United States arising from both illicit and prescription opioid misuse, addiction, and overdose. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is one regulator with an important role to play in minimizing the harms associated with prescription opioids, while also ensuring that prescription opioids are available for the evidence-based management of pain. One question, however, is to what extent the agency can consider in its decisions to approve opioids and keep existing ones on the market the provider and patient behaviors contributing to the epidemic. This is, in part, because FDA’s ...


Hospital Consumer Assessment Of Healthcare Providers And Systems Scores Relating To Pain Following The Incorporation Of Clinical Pharmacists Into Patient Education Prior To Joint Replacement Surgery, Erik Hefti, Michael Remington, Charles Lavallee 2017 Harrisburg University of Science and Technology

Hospital Consumer Assessment Of Healthcare Providers And Systems Scores Relating To Pain Following The Incorporation Of Clinical Pharmacists Into Patient Education Prior To Joint Replacement Surgery, Erik Hefti, Michael Remington, Charles Lavallee

Harrisburg University Faculty Works

Background: Pharmacist involvement has been shown to improve various aspects of patient care. Patients undergoing knee and hip replacement surgery generally experience post-operative pain and discomfort. Pain control can impact patient satisfaction, as reported by the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey.

Objective: The current pilot study aims to measure the potential impact that incorporating pharmacists into preoperative patient education programs has on the response to select HCAHPS questions.

Methods: Patient responses to two select HCAHPS questions related to pain were recorded for a year prior to pharmacist involvement in a comprehensive preoperative patient education program ...


Changes In The Utilization Of Osteoporosis Drugs After The 2010 Fda Bisphosphonate Drug Safety Communication, Bander Balkhi, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio 2017 King Saud University

Changes In The Utilization Of Osteoporosis Drugs After The 2010 Fda Bisphosphonate Drug Safety Communication, Bander Balkhi, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Introduction

In October 2010, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a safety communication regarding the risks of atypical fractures of the femur, with bisphosphonates drugs. This study evaluated the impact of the bisphosphonates FDA safety communication on the utilization of osteoporosis medications in Medicaid programs.

Methods

Osteoporosis drugs utilization data from the July 2006 to June 2014 were extracted from the national Summary Files from the Medicaid State Drug Utilization Data maintained by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). We performed an interrupted time series analyses to evaluate trends in utilization of osteoporosis drugs before and after ...


Changes In The Utilization Of Osteoporosis Drugs After The 2010 Fda Bisphosphonate Drug Safety Communication, Bander Balkhi, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio 2017 King Saud University

Changes In The Utilization Of Osteoporosis Drugs After The 2010 Fda Bisphosphonate Drug Safety Communication, Bander Balkhi, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Introduction

In October 2010, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a safety communication regarding the risks of atypical fractures of the femur, with bisphosphonates drugs. This study evaluated the impact of the bisphosphonates FDA safety communication on the utilization of osteoporosis medications in Medicaid programs.

Methods

Osteoporosis drugs utilization data from the July 2006 to June 2014 were extracted from the national Summary Files from the Medicaid State Drug Utilization Data maintained by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). We performed an interrupted time series analyses to evaluate trends in utilization of osteoporosis drugs before and after ...


Pipeline Trends - December 2017, Nicole M. Trask, Sage Bagwell 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pipeline Trends - December 2017, Nicole M. Trask, Sage Bagwell

Commonwealth Medicine Publications

Pipeline Trends is produced by UMass Medical School’s Clinical Pharmacy Services and is distributed annually. This edition provides a comprehensive overview of:

  • Promising New Agents
  • Projected Generic Entry
  • Investigational Indications
  • FDA Updates
  • Industry Trends


Medicaid Managed Care And The Health Care Utilization Of Foster Children, Makayla Palmer, James Marton, Aaron Yelowitz, Jeffery Talbert 2017 Georgia State University

Medicaid Managed Care And The Health Care Utilization Of Foster Children, Makayla Palmer, James Marton, Aaron Yelowitz, Jeffery Talbert

Economics Faculty Publications

A recent trend in state Medicaid programs is the transition of vulnerable populations into Medicaid managed care (MMC) who were initially carved out of such coverage, such as foster children or those with disabilities. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the impact of the transition of foster children from fee-for-service Medicaid coverage to MMC coverage on outpatient health care utilization. There is very little empirical evidence on the impact of managed care on the health care utilization of foster children because of the recent timing of these transitions as well as challenges associated with finding data sets large ...


India And The Patent Wars: Pharmaceuticals In The New Intellectual Property Regime, Murphy Halliburton 2017 CUNY Queens College

India And The Patent Wars: Pharmaceuticals In The New Intellectual Property Regime, Murphy Halliburton

Book Samples

[Excerpt] India and the Patent Wars contributes to an international debate over the costs of medicine and restrictions on access under stringent patent laws showing how activists and drug companies in low-income countries seize agency and exert influence over these processes. Murphy Halliburton contributes to analyses of globalization within the fields of anthropology, sociology, law, and public health by drawing on interviews and ethnographic work with pharmaceutical producers in India and the United States.

India has been at the center of emerging controversies around patent rights related to pharmaceutical production and local medical knowledge. Halliburton shows that Big Pharma ...


The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, Andrew Barnhart, Lawrence Bisong, Mckenzie Brittenham, Emma Eccher 2017 Cedarville University

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, Andrew Barnhart, Lawrence Bisong, Mckenzie Brittenham, Emma Eccher

Introduction to Public Health Posters

Waste and where it ends up is not a common discussion topic; in fact, it is often treated as a taboo subject. However, it has become necessary to examine this topic due to the growing ecological problems caused by the collection of garbage within our oceans. The Great Pacific Garbage patch, in particular, has grown quite large, and it is now affecting the health of people. This poster explores the ramifications of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. It discusses the background of the garbage patches and the impact of the issue. It also mentions the different determinants of health that ...


Evaluating Patient Preferences For Different Incentive Programs To Optimize Pharmacist-Provided Patient Care Program Enrollment, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Tim Cernohaus, Rajiv Vaidyanathan 2017 Chapman University

Evaluating Patient Preferences For Different Incentive Programs To Optimize Pharmacist-Provided Patient Care Program Enrollment, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Tim Cernohaus, Rajiv Vaidyanathan

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

BACKGROUND: Employers have increased efforts to engage employees in health and wellness programs. Providing employees with incentives to participate in these programs has been shown to improve overall enrollment and engagement. One program that has had challenges with enrollment and engagement is medication therapy management (MTM).

OBJECTIVES: To (a) determine how individuals evaluate different financial incentives to improve participation in an MTM program and (b) measure the effect of participant characteristics on incentive preference.

METHODS: This study was composed of a paper-based survey administered to participants after focus group sessions. Participants included MTMeligible beneficiaries from 2 employer groups and included ...


A Course On Patient Safety: Pharmacy Student And Community Partner Perceptions, Maryam Noureldin, Chelsea M. Anderson, Patricia L. Darbishire 2017 Purdue University

A Course On Patient Safety: Pharmacy Student And Community Partner Perceptions, Maryam Noureldin, Chelsea M. Anderson, Patricia L. Darbishire

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The authors of this article developed and piloted a three-week intensive elective course for students in their third professional years in the Doctor of Pharmacy program. The goal of this course was to provide students with an opportunity to apply patient safety concepts in a real-world setting using service-learning as the pedagogy and to evaluate student perceptions of the course for potential implementation in the curriculum. Seven pharmacy students were enrolled in the pilot course and divided into three groups. Each group of two to three students was assigned to one of three predetermined community partner sites. Students were instructed ...


Expanding The Horizon: Global Health Management For Pharmacy Students, Alice C. Chang, Monica L. Miller, Ellen M. Schellhase 2017 Purdue University

Expanding The Horizon: Global Health Management For Pharmacy Students, Alice C. Chang, Monica L. Miller, Ellen M. Schellhase

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The advancement of global engagement opportunities will promote pharmacy students’ cultural awareness and sensitivity, expose students to treatment of diseases not commonly seen in modern Western medicine, and cultivate future leadership for the growth of global pharmacy practice. At Purdue University College of Pharmacy (PUCOP), limited opportunities exist for student pharmacists. As a result, identifying the needs and expanding student pharmacist access to global engagement experiences are critical to meet the changing needs of the US population. A survey was developed and distributed to 460 students at PUCOP, and 148 of them participated. Of those students, 89.2% were interested ...


Influence Of Pharmaceutical Marketing On Medicare Prescriptions In The District Of Columbia, Susan Wood, Joanna Podrasky, Meghan McMonagle, Janani Raveendran, Tyler Bysshe, Alycia Hogenmiller, Adriane Fugh-Berman 2017 George Washington University

Influence Of Pharmaceutical Marketing On Medicare Prescriptions In The District Of Columbia, Susan Wood, Joanna Podrasky, Meghan Mcmonagle, Janani Raveendran, Tyler Bysshe, Alycia Hogenmiller, Adriane Fugh-Berman

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

Importance

Gifts from pharmaceutical companies are believed to influence prescribing behavior, but few studies have addressed the association between industry gifts to physicians and drug costs, prescription volume, or preference for generic drugs. Even less research addresses the effect of gifts on the prescribing behavior of nurse practitioners (NPs), physician assistants (PAs), and podiatrists.

Objective

To analyze the association between gifts provided by pharmaceutical companies to individual prescribers in Washington DC and the number of prescriptions, cost of prescriptions, and proportion of branded prescriptions for each prescriber.

Design

Gifts data from the District of Columbia’s (DC) AccessRx program and ...


Managing Risk To The Patient: Recoding Quality Risk Management For The Pharmaceutical And Biopharmaceutical Industries, Kelly Waldron 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

Managing Risk To The Patient: Recoding Quality Risk Management For The Pharmaceutical And Biopharmaceutical Industries, Kelly Waldron

Doctoral

This thesis explores the application of quality risk management (QRM) in pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies and its effectiveness at managing risk to the patient. The objective of the research described in this thesis was to characterize a maturity state of QRM implementation in which the patient is adequately protected from the risks associated with medicinal products of inadequate quality. The research was conducted over three phases: first, to determine whether patients are better protected since the publication of ICH Q9, a commonly employed guidance on the application of QRM; second, to characterize the industry with regard to QRM maturity, including ...


Aligning Opioid Prescribing Pathways, Andrea Lai, Outpatient Pharmacy, Haley Pelletier, Suneela Nayak, Stephen Tyzik, Ruth Hanselman 2017 Maine Medical Center

Aligning Opioid Prescribing Pathways, Andrea Lai, Outpatient Pharmacy, Haley Pelletier, Suneela Nayak, Stephen Tyzik, Ruth Hanselman

Maine Medical Center

There is a drug epidemic sweeping the State of Maine and it continues to worsen each passing year. In 2017, the Maine legislature passed Public Law Chapter 488 to strengthen the controlled substance prescription monitoring program. An outpatient pharmacy, located in a large acute care hospital, created a performance improvement project to clarify opioid prescription and resolve any non-compliance with Chapter 488.

After a root cause analysis, several KPIs were established to include tracking the number of phone calls made by pharmacists to non-compliant providers to clarify scripts, provide one on one education and ultimately resolve non-compliance. Repeat offenders were ...


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