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Pharmacy Administration, Policy and Regulation Commons

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The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, Andrew Barnhart, Lawrence Bisong, Mckenzie Brittenham, Emma Eccher 2017 Cedarville University

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, Andrew Barnhart, Lawrence Bisong, Mckenzie Brittenham, Emma Eccher

Introduction to Public Health Posters

Waste and where it ends up is not a common discussion topic; in fact, it is often treated as a taboo subject. However, it has become necessary to examine this topic due to the growing ecological problems caused by the collection of garbage within our oceans. The Great Pacific Garbage patch, in particular, has grown quite large, and it is now affecting the health of people. This poster explores the ramifications of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. It discusses the background of the garbage patches and the impact of the issue. It also mentions the different determinants of health that ...


Evaluating Patient Preferences For Different Incentive Programs To Optimize Pharmacist-Provided Patient Care Program Enrollment, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Tim Cernohaus, Rajiv Vaidyanathan 2017 Chapman University

Evaluating Patient Preferences For Different Incentive Programs To Optimize Pharmacist-Provided Patient Care Program Enrollment, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Tim Cernohaus, Rajiv Vaidyanathan

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

BACKGROUND: Employers have increased efforts to engage employees in health and wellness programs. Providing employees with incentives to participate in these programs has been shown to improve overall enrollment and engagement. One program that has had challenges with enrollment and engagement is medication therapy management (MTM).

OBJECTIVES: To (a) determine how individuals evaluate different financial incentives to improve participation in an MTM program and (b) measure the effect of participant characteristics on incentive preference.

METHODS: This study was composed of a paper-based survey administered to participants after focus group sessions. Participants included MTMeligible beneficiaries from 2 employer groups and included ...


A Course On Patient Safety: Pharmacy Student And Community Partner Perceptions, Maryam Noureldin, Chelsea M. Anderson, Patricia L. Darbishire 2017 Purdue University

A Course On Patient Safety: Pharmacy Student And Community Partner Perceptions, Maryam Noureldin, Chelsea M. Anderson, Patricia L. Darbishire

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The authors of this article developed and piloted a three-week intensive elective course for students in their third professional years in the Doctor of Pharmacy program. The goal of this course was to provide students with an opportunity to apply patient safety concepts in a real-world setting using service-learning as the pedagogy and to evaluate student perceptions of the course for potential implementation in the curriculum. Seven pharmacy students were enrolled in the pilot course and divided into three groups. Each group of two to three students was assigned to one of three predetermined community partner sites. Students were instructed ...


Expanding The Horizon: Global Health Management For Pharmacy Students, Alice C. Chang, Monica L. Miller, Ellen M. Schellhase 2017 Purdue University

Expanding The Horizon: Global Health Management For Pharmacy Students, Alice C. Chang, Monica L. Miller, Ellen M. Schellhase

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The advancement of global engagement opportunities will promote pharmacy students’ cultural awareness and sensitivity, expose students to treatment of diseases not commonly seen in modern Western medicine, and cultivate future leadership for the growth of global pharmacy practice. At Purdue University College of Pharmacy (PUCOP), limited opportunities exist for student pharmacists. As a result, identifying the needs and expanding student pharmacist access to global engagement experiences are critical to meet the changing needs of the US population. A survey was developed and distributed to 460 students at PUCOP, and 148 of them participated. Of those students, 89.2% were interested ...


Influence Of Pharmaceutical Marketing On Medicare Prescriptions In The District Of Columbia, Susan Wood, Joanna Podrasky, Meghan McMonagle, Janani Raveendran, Tyler Bysshe, Alycia Hogenmiller, Adriane Fugh-Berman 2017 George Washington University

Influence Of Pharmaceutical Marketing On Medicare Prescriptions In The District Of Columbia, Susan Wood, Joanna Podrasky, Meghan Mcmonagle, Janani Raveendran, Tyler Bysshe, Alycia Hogenmiller, Adriane Fugh-Berman

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

Importance

Gifts from pharmaceutical companies are believed to influence prescribing behavior, but few studies have addressed the association between industry gifts to physicians and drug costs, prescription volume, or preference for generic drugs. Even less research addresses the effect of gifts on the prescribing behavior of nurse practitioners (NPs), physician assistants (PAs), and podiatrists.

Objective

To analyze the association between gifts provided by pharmaceutical companies to individual prescribers in Washington DC and the number of prescriptions, cost of prescriptions, and proportion of branded prescriptions for each prescriber.

Design

Gifts data from the District of Columbia’s (DC) AccessRx program and ...


Aligning Opioid Prescribing Pathways, Andrea Lai, Outpatient Pharmacy, Haley Pelletier, Suneela Nayak, Stephen Tyzik, Ruth Hanselman 2017 Maine Medical Center

Aligning Opioid Prescribing Pathways, Andrea Lai, Outpatient Pharmacy, Haley Pelletier, Suneela Nayak, Stephen Tyzik, Ruth Hanselman

Maine Medical Center

No abstract provided.


A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Pharmaceutical Industry-Funded Events For Health Professionals In Australia, Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero 2017 University of Sydney

A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Pharmaceutical Industry-Funded Events For Health Professionals In Australia, Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero

Ray Moynihan

OBJECTIVES:

To analyse patterns and characteristics of pharmaceutical industry sponsorship of events for Australian health professionals and to understand the implications of recent changes in transparency provisions that no longer require reporting of payments for food and beverages.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional analysis.

PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING:

301 publicly available company transparency reports downloaded from the website of Medicines Australia, the pharmaceutical industry trade association, covering the period from October 2011 to September 2015.

RESULTS:

Forty-two companies sponsored 116 845 events for health professionals, on average 608 per week with 30 attendees per event. Events typically included a broad range of health professionals ...


Analysis Of The Proposed Tpp-Related Patent Linkage System In Taiwan, Ping-Hsun Chen 2017 National Chengchi University

Analysis Of The Proposed Tpp-Related Patent Linkage System In Taiwan, Ping-Hsun Chen

Journal of Law and Health

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement mandates member states to implement a patent linkage system vested in Article 18.53. To successfully join the TPP Agreement, Taiwan has begun the legislation of a patent linkage system by proposing an amendment for the Pharmaceutical Affairs Act. Article 18.53 requires a member either to adopt a notification mechanism under Paragraph 1 or to stay the issuance of marketing approval under Paragraph 2. But, Taiwan’s proposal includes both measures. Taiwan’ patent linkage system allows a pioneer drug company to register patents claiming (a) a material; (b) a combination or formula; or (c ...


Pharmaceutical Federalism, Patricia J. Zettler 2017 Georgia State University College of Law

Pharmaceutical Federalism, Patricia J. Zettler

Faculty Publications By Year

There is growing interest in states regulating pharmaceuticals in ways that challenge the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) federal oversight. For example, in 2013 Maine enacted a law to permit the importation of unapproved drugs, reflecting concerns that federal requirements are too restrictive, while in 2014 Massachusetts banned an FDA-approved painkiller, reflecting concerns that federal requirements are too lax. This Article provides an account of this recent state interest in regulating drugs and considers its consequences. It argues that these state regulatory efforts, and the nascent litigation about them, demonstrate that the preemptive reach of the FDA ...


A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Pharmaceutical Industry-Funded Events For Health Professionals In Australia, Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero 2017 University of Sydney

A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Pharmaceutical Industry-Funded Events For Health Professionals In Australia, Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

OBJECTIVES:

To analyse patterns and characteristics of pharmaceutical industry sponsorship of events for Australian health professionals and to understand the implications of recent changes in transparency provisions that no longer require reporting of payments for food and beverages.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional analysis.

PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING:

301 publicly available company transparency reports downloaded from the website of Medicines Australia, the pharmaceutical industry trade association, covering the period from October 2011 to September 2015.

RESULTS:

Forty-two companies sponsored 116 845 events for health professionals, on average 608 per week with 30 attendees per event. Events typically included a broad range of health professionals ...


An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie McDonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe 2017 Department of Pharmacy, Aurora Health Care

An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie Mcdonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe

Aurora Radiology Residents

Background: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and HIT with thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) are serious conditions. Patients are at increased risk for developing HIT/HITTS with any exposure to heparin, even intravenous line flushes. Patients may be exposed to heparin multiple times each day when they have a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) that is flushed and capped with heparin. At Aurora Health Care, heparin is the standard capping solution for PICCs, but with a recent switch to positive pressurized caps, normal saline may be a capping option that reduces patient exposure to heparin. Purpose: To reduce heparin exposure at a single hospital ...


Prevalence Of Prescription Opioid Abuse In Patients With Pain, Samuel Godana, Ankoor Biswas, Nebiyu Biru, Abraham Getenet, Biana Leybishkis 2017 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Prevalence Of Prescription Opioid Abuse In Patients With Pain, Samuel Godana, Ankoor Biswas, Nebiyu Biru, Abraham Getenet, Biana Leybishkis

Aurora Internal Medicine Residents

Background: Studies showed that 20% to 30% of opioid analgesic drugs prescribed for chronic pain in the United States are misused, while the rate of opioid addiction is approximately 10%. The study describes methods to identify high-risk behavior and forward recommendations to decrease opioid abuse. Purpose: To assess prevalence and correlate multiple variables with opioid abuse and to forward appropriate recommendation to decrease the prevalence of opioid abuse in the primary care setting. Methods: A prospective study was conducted at a primary health care clinic, Aurora Sinai Medical Center (Milwaukee, WI). Over 6 months, a total of 49 consecutive patients ...


An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie McDonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe 2017 Department of Pharmacy, Aurora Health Care

An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie Mcdonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe

Aurora Radiology Faculty

Background: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and HIT with thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) are serious conditions. Patients are at increased risk for developing HIT/HITTS with any exposure to heparin, even intravenous line flushes. Patients may be exposed to heparin multiple times each day when they have a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) that is flushed and capped with heparin. At Aurora Health Care, heparin is the standard capping solution for PICCs, but with a recent switch to positive pressurized caps, normal saline may be a capping option that reduces patient exposure to heparin. Purpose: To reduce heparin exposure at a single hospital ...


Pharmaceutical Direct-To-Consumer Advertising: Analyses Of Policy Stakeholders And Supreme Court Of Canada Interveners, Tom T. Eldik 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Pharmaceutical Direct-To-Consumer Advertising: Analyses Of Policy Stakeholders And Supreme Court Of Canada Interveners, Tom T. Eldik

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: Pharmaceutical direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) is a controversial form of advertising that markets prescription pharmaceuticals to patients and consumers. The positions, powers, interests and influence of pharmaceutical DTCA stakeholders shape Canadian DTCA policies; however, no focused analysis of pharmaceutical DTCA stakeholders has occurred.

Methods: This study involved a two-pronged stakeholder analysis: First was a broad analysis of pharmaceutical DTCA stakeholders using Canadian publicly available documents and websites. The second analyzed interveners on pharmaceutical litigation at the Supreme Court of Canada, and the comparisons to a leading tobacco advertising case, RJR-Macdonald v Canada (A.G) and a pharmaceutical DTCA case CanWest ...


An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie McDonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe 2017 Department of Pharmacy, Aurora Health Care

An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie Mcdonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe

Paul J. Grebe

Background: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and HIT with thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) are serious conditions. Patients are at increased risk for developing HIT/HITTS with any exposure to heparin, even intravenous line flushes. Patients may be exposed to heparin multiple times each day when they have a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) that is flushed and capped with heparin. At Aurora Health Care, heparin is the standard capping solution for PICCs, but with a recent switch to positive pressurized caps, normal saline may be a capping option that reduces patient exposure to heparin. Purpose: To reduce heparin exposure at a single hospital ...


Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs: Evolution And Evidence, Janet Weiner, Yuhua Bao, Zachary Meisel 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs: Evolution And Evidence, Janet Weiner, Yuhua Bao, Zachary Meisel

Issue Briefs

This Issue Brief reviews the current status and characteristics of PDMPs, their use, and evidence of their effectiveness. It summarizes best practices for PDMPs and the needs for further research and evaluation.


Patients’ Perceptions Of Pharmacist Intervention Through Pre-Screened Medication Therapy Management Service, Danielle E. Baker, Colin J. Behm, Bryan Feldmann, Jeremy Flikkema, Thaddeus T. Franz 2017 Cedarville University

Patients’ Perceptions Of Pharmacist Intervention Through Pre-Screened Medication Therapy Management Service, Danielle E. Baker, Colin J. Behm, Bryan Feldmann, Jeremy Flikkema, Thaddeus T. Franz

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Background: The continued challenge of time commitment in a community pharmacy setting is reported by pharmacists as the single largest setback in providing quality patient care. Additionally, when efforts are made by pharmacists to intervene on a patient’s therapy through medication therapy management (MTM), patient “no shows” further challenge an already busy community pharmacy world. Many studies show the value of a pharmacist-patient relationship. However, continued barriers prevent the value of this relationship to take full effect. While numerous methods of comprehensive medication review take place, the issue of establishing a model that best suits the needs of community ...


Employing “Fdalabel” Database To Extract Pharmacogenomics Information From Fda Drug Labeling To Advance The Study Of Precision Medicine, Ryley B. Uber, Hong Fang, Zhichao Liu, Joshua Xu, Shraddha Thakkar, Shashi Amur, Padmaja Mummaneni, Minjun Chen, Baitang Ning, Steve Harris, Guangxu Zhou, Leihong Wu, Paul Howard, Weida Tong 2017 Cedarville University

Employing “Fdalabel” Database To Extract Pharmacogenomics Information From Fda Drug Labeling To Advance The Study Of Precision Medicine, Ryley B. Uber, Hong Fang, Zhichao Liu, Joshua Xu, Shraddha Thakkar, Shashi Amur, Padmaja Mummaneni, Minjun Chen, Baitang Ning, Steve Harris, Guangxu Zhou, Leihong Wu, Paul Howard, Weida Tong

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Pharmacogenomics (PGx) focuses on how genomics and genetic variants (inherited and acquired) affect drug response. A better understanding of the association between genetic markers and individual phenotypes may improve therapy by enhancing drug efficacy, safety, and advance precision medicine. The FDALabel database (https://rm2.scinet.fda.gov/druglabel/#simsearch-0) was developed from the FDA's Structured Product Labeling (SPL) repository to allow users to perform full-text and customizable searches of the labeling section {e.g. Boxed Warning, Warning and Precautions, Adverse Reaction (AR) sections}. In this study, 48 known biomarkers were used to query PGx relevant contents from the FDALabel ...


Correlation Study: Student Success In Biochemistry As A Prerequisite For Integrated Pharmacology And Medicinal Chemistry, April Filter, Stacy Lin, Sydney Schultz, Rachel Anderson, Tori Twinem, Denise S. Simpson, Melissa J. Beck 2017 Cedarville University

Correlation Study: Student Success In Biochemistry As A Prerequisite For Integrated Pharmacology And Medicinal Chemistry, April Filter, Stacy Lin, Sydney Schultz, Rachel Anderson, Tori Twinem, Denise S. Simpson, Melissa J. Beck

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Background

A rise in new schools of pharmacy has led to implementation of new curriculums. Pharmacy schools must adhere to standards set by the Accreditation Council of Pharmacy Education in order to provide knowledge of foundational sciences and prepare pharmacy students for the future. Prerequisites are typically foundational science courses taken early in the program so that students have the knowledge necessary to be excellent pharmacists. Within the Cedarville University School of Pharmacy, Biochemistry is a prerequisite course for Integrated Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacology (PCoMedChem).

Objectives

The goal of this study is to determine if Biochemistry should remain a prerequisite ...


The Impact Of A Community Pharmacist Conducted Comprehensive Medication Review (Cmr) On 30-Day Re-Admission Rates And Increased Patient Satisfaction Scores: A Pilot Study, Brittany Snodgrass, Charles K. Babcock, Anne Teichman 2017 Marshall University

The Impact Of A Community Pharmacist Conducted Comprehensive Medication Review (Cmr) On 30-Day Re-Admission Rates And Increased Patient Satisfaction Scores: A Pilot Study, Brittany Snodgrass, Charles K. Babcock, Anne Teichman

Charles Babcock

Objective: To determine the impact of pharmacist conducted Comprehensive Medication Review (CMR) follow-up within seven days after discharge on (1) readmission rates, (2) detection of drug related problems, (3) and changes in Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) scores.

Design: Rates of re-admission for pneumonia, congestive heart failure (CHF), or myocardial infarction (MI), within 30 days of discharge are compared between patients receiving a CMR from the pharmacist to a historical control group not receiving the service. The CMR documentation is reviewed to classify any detected drug related problems. Overall HCAHPS scores for the hospital are compared ...


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