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Aligning Opioid Prescribing Pathways, Andrea Lai, Outpatient Pharmacy, Haley Pelletier, Suneela Nayak, Stephen Tyzik, Ruth Hanselman 2017 Maine Medical Center

Aligning Opioid Prescribing Pathways, Andrea Lai, Outpatient Pharmacy, Haley Pelletier, Suneela Nayak, Stephen Tyzik, Ruth Hanselman

Maine Medical Center

No abstract provided.


A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Pharmaceutical Industry-Funded Events For Health Professionals In Australia, Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero 2017 University of Sydney

A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Pharmaceutical Industry-Funded Events For Health Professionals In Australia, Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero

Ray Moynihan

OBJECTIVES:

To analyse patterns and characteristics of pharmaceutical industry sponsorship of events for Australian health professionals and to understand the implications of recent changes in transparency provisions that no longer require reporting of payments for food and beverages.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional analysis.

PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING:

301 publicly available company transparency reports downloaded from the website of Medicines Australia, the pharmaceutical industry trade association, covering the period from October 2011 to September 2015.

RESULTS:

Forty-two companies sponsored 116 845 events for health professionals, on average 608 per week with 30 attendees per event. Events typically included a broad range of health professionals ...


Analysis Of The Proposed Tpp-Related Patent Linkage System In Taiwan, Ping-Hsun Chen 2017 National Chengchi University

Analysis Of The Proposed Tpp-Related Patent Linkage System In Taiwan, Ping-Hsun Chen

Journal of Law and Health

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement mandates member states to implement a patent linkage system vested in Article 18.53. To successfully join the TPP Agreement, Taiwan has begun the legislation of a patent linkage system by proposing an amendment for the Pharmaceutical Affairs Act. Article 18.53 requires a member either to adopt a notification mechanism under Paragraph 1 or to stay the issuance of marketing approval under Paragraph 2. But, Taiwan’s proposal includes both measures. Taiwan’ patent linkage system allows a pioneer drug company to register patents claiming (a) a material; (b) a combination or formula; or (c ...


A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Pharmaceutical Industry-Funded Events For Health Professionals In Australia, Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero 2017 University of Sydney

A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Pharmaceutical Industry-Funded Events For Health Professionals In Australia, Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

OBJECTIVES:

To analyse patterns and characteristics of pharmaceutical industry sponsorship of events for Australian health professionals and to understand the implications of recent changes in transparency provisions that no longer require reporting of payments for food and beverages.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional analysis.

PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING:

301 publicly available company transparency reports downloaded from the website of Medicines Australia, the pharmaceutical industry trade association, covering the period from October 2011 to September 2015.

RESULTS:

Forty-two companies sponsored 116 845 events for health professionals, on average 608 per week with 30 attendees per event. Events typically included a broad range of health professionals ...


An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie McDonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe 2017 Department of Pharmacy, Aurora Health Care

An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie Mcdonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe

Aurora Radiology Residents

Background: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and HIT with thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) are serious conditions. Patients are at increased risk for developing HIT/HITTS with any exposure to heparin, even intravenous line flushes. Patients may be exposed to heparin multiple times each day when they have a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) that is flushed and capped with heparin. At Aurora Health Care, heparin is the standard capping solution for PICCs, but with a recent switch to positive pressurized caps, normal saline may be a capping option that reduces patient exposure to heparin. Purpose: To reduce heparin exposure at a single hospital ...


Prevalence Of Prescription Opioid Abuse In Patients With Pain, Samuel Godana, Ankoor Biswas, Nebiyu Biru, Abraham Getenet, Biana Leybishkis 2017 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Prevalence Of Prescription Opioid Abuse In Patients With Pain, Samuel Godana, Ankoor Biswas, Nebiyu Biru, Abraham Getenet, Biana Leybishkis

Aurora Internal Medicine Residents

Background: Studies showed that 20% to 30% of opioid analgesic drugs prescribed for chronic pain in the United States are misused, while the rate of opioid addiction is approximately 10%. The study describes methods to identify high-risk behavior and forward recommendations to decrease opioid abuse. Purpose: To assess prevalence and correlate multiple variables with opioid abuse and to forward appropriate recommendation to decrease the prevalence of opioid abuse in the primary care setting. Methods: A prospective study was conducted at a primary health care clinic, Aurora Sinai Medical Center (Milwaukee, WI). Over 6 months, a total of 49 consecutive patients ...


An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie McDonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe 2017 Department of Pharmacy, Aurora Health Care

An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie Mcdonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe

Aurora Radiology Faculty

Background: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and HIT with thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) are serious conditions. Patients are at increased risk for developing HIT/HITTS with any exposure to heparin, even intravenous line flushes. Patients may be exposed to heparin multiple times each day when they have a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) that is flushed and capped with heparin. At Aurora Health Care, heparin is the standard capping solution for PICCs, but with a recent switch to positive pressurized caps, normal saline may be a capping option that reduces patient exposure to heparin. Purpose: To reduce heparin exposure at a single hospital ...


Pharmaceutical Direct-To-Consumer Advertising: Analyses Of Policy Stakeholders And Supreme Court Of Canada Interveners, Tom T. Eldik 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Pharmaceutical Direct-To-Consumer Advertising: Analyses Of Policy Stakeholders And Supreme Court Of Canada Interveners, Tom T. Eldik

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: Pharmaceutical direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) is a controversial form of advertising that markets prescription pharmaceuticals to patients and consumers. The positions, powers, interests and influence of pharmaceutical DTCA stakeholders shape Canadian DTCA policies; however, no focused analysis of pharmaceutical DTCA stakeholders has occurred.

Methods: This study involved a two-pronged stakeholder analysis: First was a broad analysis of pharmaceutical DTCA stakeholders using Canadian publicly available documents and websites. The second analyzed interveners on pharmaceutical litigation at the Supreme Court of Canada, and the comparisons to a leading tobacco advertising case, RJR-Macdonald v Canada (A.G) and a pharmaceutical DTCA case CanWest ...


An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie McDonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe 2017 Department of Pharmacy, Aurora Health Care

An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie Mcdonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe

Paul J. Grebe

Background: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and HIT with thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) are serious conditions. Patients are at increased risk for developing HIT/HITTS with any exposure to heparin, even intravenous line flushes. Patients may be exposed to heparin multiple times each day when they have a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) that is flushed and capped with heparin. At Aurora Health Care, heparin is the standard capping solution for PICCs, but with a recent switch to positive pressurized caps, normal saline may be a capping option that reduces patient exposure to heparin. Purpose: To reduce heparin exposure at a single hospital ...


Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs: Evolution And Evidence, Janet Weiner, Yuhua Bao, Zachary Meisel 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs: Evolution And Evidence, Janet Weiner, Yuhua Bao, Zachary Meisel

Issue Briefs

This Issue Brief reviews the current status and characteristics of PDMPs, their use, and evidence of their effectiveness. It summarizes best practices for PDMPs and the needs for further research and evaluation.


Patients’ Perceptions Of Pharmacist Intervention Through Pre-Screened Medication Therapy Management Service, Danielle E. Baker, Colin J. Behm, Bryan Feldmann, Jeremy Flikkema, Thaddeus T. Franz 2017 Cedarville University

Patients’ Perceptions Of Pharmacist Intervention Through Pre-Screened Medication Therapy Management Service, Danielle E. Baker, Colin J. Behm, Bryan Feldmann, Jeremy Flikkema, Thaddeus T. Franz

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Background: The continued challenge of time commitment in a community pharmacy setting is reported by pharmacists as the single largest setback in providing quality patient care. Additionally, when efforts are made by pharmacists to intervene on a patient’s therapy through medication therapy management (MTM), patient “no shows” further challenge an already busy community pharmacy world. Many studies show the value of a pharmacist-patient relationship. However, continued barriers prevent the value of this relationship to take full effect. While numerous methods of comprehensive medication review take place, the issue of establishing a model that best suits the needs of community ...


Correlation Study: Student Success In Biochemistry As A Prerequisite For Integrated Pharmacology And Medicinal Chemistry, April Filter, Stacy Lin, Sydney Schultz, Rachel Anderson, Tori Twinem, Denise S. Simpson, Melissa J. Beck 2017 Cedarville University

Correlation Study: Student Success In Biochemistry As A Prerequisite For Integrated Pharmacology And Medicinal Chemistry, April Filter, Stacy Lin, Sydney Schultz, Rachel Anderson, Tori Twinem, Denise S. Simpson, Melissa J. Beck

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Background

A rise in new schools of pharmacy has led to implementation of new curriculums. Pharmacy schools must adhere to standards set by the Accreditation Council of Pharmacy Education in order to provide knowledge of foundational sciences and prepare pharmacy students for the future. Prerequisites are typically foundational science courses taken early in the program so that students have the knowledge necessary to be excellent pharmacists. Within the Cedarville University School of Pharmacy, Biochemistry is a prerequisite course for Integrated Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacology (PCoMedChem).

Objectives

The goal of this study is to determine if Biochemistry should remain a prerequisite ...


Employing “Fdalabel” Database To Extract Pharmacogenomics Information From Fda Drug Labeling To Advance The Study Of Precision Medicine, Ryley B. Uber, Hong Fang, Zhichao Liu, Joshua Xu, Shraddha Thakkar, Shashi Amur, Padmaja Mummaneni, Minjun Chen, Baitang Ning, Steve Harris, Guangxu Zhou, Leihong Wu, Paul Howard, Weida Tong 2017 Cedarville University

Employing “Fdalabel” Database To Extract Pharmacogenomics Information From Fda Drug Labeling To Advance The Study Of Precision Medicine, Ryley B. Uber, Hong Fang, Zhichao Liu, Joshua Xu, Shraddha Thakkar, Shashi Amur, Padmaja Mummaneni, Minjun Chen, Baitang Ning, Steve Harris, Guangxu Zhou, Leihong Wu, Paul Howard, Weida Tong

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Pharmacogenomics (PGx) focuses on how genomics and genetic variants (inherited and acquired) affect drug response. A better understanding of the association between genetic markers and individual phenotypes may improve therapy by enhancing drug efficacy, safety, and advance precision medicine. The FDALabel database (https://rm2.scinet.fda.gov/druglabel/#simsearch-0) was developed from the FDA's Structured Product Labeling (SPL) repository to allow users to perform full-text and customizable searches of the labeling section {e.g. Boxed Warning, Warning and Precautions, Adverse Reaction (AR) sections}. In this study, 48 known biomarkers were used to query PGx relevant contents from the FDALabel ...


The Impact Of A Community Pharmacist Conducted Comprehensive Medication Review (Cmr) On 30-Day Re-Admission Rates And Increased Patient Satisfaction Scores: A Pilot Study, Brittany Snodgrass, Charles K. Babcock, Anne Teichman 2017 Marshall University

The Impact Of A Community Pharmacist Conducted Comprehensive Medication Review (Cmr) On 30-Day Re-Admission Rates And Increased Patient Satisfaction Scores: A Pilot Study, Brittany Snodgrass, Charles K. Babcock, Anne Teichman

Charles Babcock

Objective: To determine the impact of pharmacist conducted Comprehensive Medication Review (CMR) follow-up within seven days after discharge on (1) readmission rates, (2) detection of drug related problems, (3) and changes in Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) scores.

Design: Rates of re-admission for pneumonia, congestive heart failure (CHF), or myocardial infarction (MI), within 30 days of discharge are compared between patients receiving a CMR from the pharmacist to a historical control group not receiving the service. The CMR documentation is reviewed to classify any detected drug related problems. Overall HCAHPS scores for the hospital are compared ...


The International Scientific Association For Probiotics And Prebiotics (Isapp) Consensus Statement On The Definition And Scope Of Prebiotics, Glenn R. Gibson, Robert W. Hutkins, Mary Ellen Sanders, Susan L. Prescott, Raylene A. Reimer, Seppo J. Salminen, Karen Scott, Catherine Stanton, Kelly S. Swanson, Patrice D. Cani, Kristin Verbeke, Gregor Reid 2017 University of Reading

The International Scientific Association For Probiotics And Prebiotics (Isapp) Consensus Statement On The Definition And Scope Of Prebiotics, Glenn R. Gibson, Robert W. Hutkins, Mary Ellen Sanders, Susan L. Prescott, Raylene A. Reimer, Seppo J. Salminen, Karen Scott, Catherine Stanton, Kelly S. Swanson, Patrice D. Cani, Kristin Verbeke, Gregor Reid

Faculty Publications in Food Science and Technology

In December 2016, a panel of experts in microbiology, nutrition and clinical research was convened by the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics to review the definition and scope of prebiotics. Consistent with the original embodiment of prebiotics, but aware of the latest scientific and clinical developments, the panel updated the definition of a prebiotic: a substrate that is selectively utilized by host microorganisms conferring a health benefit. This definition expands the concept of prebiotics to possibly include non-carbohydrate substances, applications to body sites other than the gastrointestinal tract, and diverse categories other than food. The requirement for selective ...


Risk Of Medication Errors In The Home: An Integrative Literature Review, Maria M. Crescenzi 2017 University of Central Florida

Risk Of Medication Errors In The Home: An Integrative Literature Review, Maria M. Crescenzi

Honors in the Major Theses

Regardless of the setting, medication errors are of great concern when associated with an individual’s health outcomes, along with the increased costs to society, healthcare institutions, and providers. Current research focuses on medication error data primarily in acute and extended care facilities. However, there is a paucity of research examining the causes of medication errors that occur post hospital discharge when individuals transition to the home. The purpose of this integrative literature review is to examine risk factors for medication errors outside of these settings, specifically in the home. A systematic literature search was conducted using multiple databases for ...


The Development Of Bsn272 From Prevention Of Diet-Induced Hyperlipidemia In Mice To A Potential Therapy For Prader-Willi Syndrome In Humans, Jarrod B. Williams 2017 University of Kentucky

The Development Of Bsn272 From Prevention Of Diet-Induced Hyperlipidemia In Mice To A Potential Therapy For Prader-Willi Syndrome In Humans, Jarrod B. Williams

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

While type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is distinguished as a disorder of blood glucose homeostasis, the vast majority of patients afflicted with this disease in the US present with the entire complement of the metabolic syndrome: abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL levels, elevated blood pressure, and elevated fasting plasma glucose. Current guidelines aim to treat each of these disorders, but do so individually even though they are manifestations of common pathologies. In other words, a patient will be prescribed different medications for diabetes, blood pressure, CVD prevention, etc., while the only single treatment aimed at the myriad of disorders together ...


Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine 13 Coverage In Children, High-Risk Adults 19-64 Years Of Age, And Adults Over 65 Years Of Age In A Commercially Insured U.S. Population, Joseph C. Vanghelof 2017 University of Kentucky

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine 13 Coverage In Children, High-Risk Adults 19-64 Years Of Age, And Adults Over 65 Years Of Age In A Commercially Insured U.S. Population, Joseph C. Vanghelof

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

This thesis aimed to elucidate the demographic characteristics associated with elevated or reduced rates of pneumococcal conjugate 13 (PCV13) vaccination.

A retrospective cohort study was performed using the Truven Health MarketScan® Database. Three cohorts were created corresponding to populations for which the CDC recommends PCV13 vaccination. Cohort 1: children < 36 months of age. Cohort 2: adults 19-64 years of age with high infection risk. Cohort 3: adults > 65 years of age. Odds of having a PCV13 claim were calculated for each cohort.

For Cohort 1, 78% out of a total of 353,214 subjects had a sufficient number of PCV13 doses to meet CDC recommendations. For Cohort 2, 3.7% out of a total of 673,157 subjects ...


Actionable Patient Safety Solution (Apss) #3b: Antimicrobial Stewardship: The Role Of A Pharmacy And The Microbiology Lab In Patient Safety, Jerika Lam, Celine Peters, Steven Barker, Michael Ramsay, Ariana Longley, Joe Kiani 2017 Chapman University

Actionable Patient Safety Solution (Apss) #3b: Antimicrobial Stewardship: The Role Of A Pharmacy And The Microbiology Lab In Patient Safety, Jerika Lam, Celine Peters, Steven Barker, Michael Ramsay, Ariana Longley, Joe Kiani

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

This report presents a plan of action for introducing an Antimicrobial Stewardship Plan (ASP) to combat the inappopriate use of antimicrobial drugs, which are a significant cause of patient morbidity and mortality.


Actionable Patient Safety Solution (Apss) #3a: Medication Errors, Ron Jordan, Jerika Lam, Anne Lyren, Nathaniel Sims, Coco Yang 2017 Chapman University

Actionable Patient Safety Solution (Apss) #3a: Medication Errors, Ron Jordan, Jerika Lam, Anne Lyren, Nathaniel Sims, Coco Yang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

This report presents a plan of action for introducing a program to reduce medication errors, which are a major cause of patient morbidity and mortality.


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