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The Impact Of A Community Pharmacist Conducted Comprehensive Medication Review (Cmr) On 30-Day Re-Admission Rates And Increased Patient Satisfaction Scores: A Pilot Study, Brittany Snodgrass, Charles K. Babcock, Anne Teichman 2017 Marshall University

The Impact Of A Community Pharmacist Conducted Comprehensive Medication Review (Cmr) On 30-Day Re-Admission Rates And Increased Patient Satisfaction Scores: A Pilot Study, Brittany Snodgrass, Charles K. Babcock, Anne Teichman

Charles Babcock

Objective: To determine the impact of pharmacist conducted Comprehensive Medication Review (CMR) follow-up within seven days after discharge on (1) readmission rates, (2) detection of drug related problems, (3) and changes in Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) scores.

Design: Rates of re-admission for pneumonia, congestive heart failure (CHF), or myocardial infarction (MI), within 30 days of discharge are compared between patients receiving a CMR from the pharmacist to a historical control group not receiving the service. The CMR documentation is reviewed to classify any detected drug related problems. Overall HCAHPS scores for the hospital are compared ...


The Development Of Bsn272 From Prevention Of Diet-Induced Hyperlipidemia In Mice To A Potential Therapy For Prader-Willi Syndrome In Humans, Jarrod B. Williams 2017 University of Kentucky

The Development Of Bsn272 From Prevention Of Diet-Induced Hyperlipidemia In Mice To A Potential Therapy For Prader-Willi Syndrome In Humans, Jarrod B. Williams

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

While type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is distinguished as a disorder of blood glucose homeostasis, the vast majority of patients afflicted with this disease in the US present with the entire complement of the metabolic syndrome: abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL levels, elevated blood pressure, and elevated fasting plasma glucose. Current guidelines aim to treat each of these disorders, but do so individually even though they are manifestations of common pathologies. In other words, a patient will be prescribed different medications for diabetes, blood pressure, CVD prevention, etc., while the only single treatment aimed at the myriad of disorders together ...


The Effects Orthostatic Hypotension Has On Falls: A Study Done In San Francisco With The Patient Population Of The Veterans Affairs Hospital, Sherry A. Ballard Ms. 2016 University of San Francisco

The Effects Orthostatic Hypotension Has On Falls: A Study Done In San Francisco With The Patient Population Of The Veterans Affairs Hospital, Sherry A. Ballard Ms.

Master's Projects

The Effects Orthostatic Hypotension has on Falls: A Study Done in San Francisco Represented

Population of the Veterans Affairs Hoapital

The global AIM of this project is to Identify patients that are at risk for Orthostatic Hypotension (OH) with in the first 24 hours of addmission. It was identified that 50% of the falls over the last 4 quarters at the VA were OH related. The patients were not identified as a fall risk and over half of them had fallen multiple times. After performing a nursing survey online, a SWOT analysis, and a Root Cause Analysis using a fishbone ...


Differences In Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine Prescriptions In Areas With & Without Large Universities, Heather Bacon 2016 Western Michigan University

Differences In Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine Prescriptions In Areas With & Without Large Universities, Heather Bacon

Honors Theses

This investigative study is examining trends in stimulant prescribing for several Michigan counties. An ex-post facto design was used to determine trends in the amount of amphetamine/dextroamphetamine dispensed in four Michigan counties containing large universities and two Michigan counties not containing large universities over the years 2007-2012. The study found suggestive evidence that there is an increasing trend of amphetamine/dextroamphetamine prescriptions filled in both counties with and without large universities. Suggestive evidence was also found that counties with large universities display a greater average amount of amphetamine/dextroamphetamine dispensed than counties without large universities for the years 2007-2012 ...


Prevalence Of Prescription Opioid Abuse In Patients With Pain, Samuel Godana, Ankoor Biswas, Nebiyu Biru, Abraham Getenet, Biana Leybishkis 2016 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Prevalence Of Prescription Opioid Abuse In Patients With Pain, Samuel Godana, Ankoor Biswas, Nebiyu Biru, Abraham Getenet, Biana Leybishkis

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Studies showed that 20% to 30% of opioid analgesic drugs prescribed for chronic pain in the United States are misused, while the rate of opioid addiction is approximately 10%. The study describes methods to identify high-risk behavior and forward recommendations to decrease opioid abuse.

Purpose: To assess prevalence and correlate multiple variables with opioid abuse and to forward appropriate recommendation to decrease the prevalence of opioid abuse in the primary care setting.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted at a primary health care clinic, Aurora Sinai Medical Center (Milwaukee, WI). Over 6 months, a total of 49 consecutive patients ...


An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie McDonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe 2016 Department of Pharmacy, Aurora Health Care

An Interdisciplinary Process Change: Conversion Of Picc Line Capping Solution From Heparin To Normal Saline, Angela Colella, Brandon Bodager, Frank Spexarth, Natalie Mcdonough, Deb Kastenholz, Paul Grebe

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and HIT with thrombosis syndrome (HITTS) are serious conditions. Patients are at increased risk for developing HIT/HITTS with any exposure to heparin, even intravenous line flushes. Patients may be exposed to heparin multiple times each day when they have a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) that is flushed and capped with heparin. At Aurora Health Care, heparin is the standard capping solution for PICCs, but with a recent switch to positive pressurized caps, normal saline may be a capping option that reduces patient exposure to heparin.

Purpose: To reduce heparin exposure at a single hospital ...


The Johns Hopkins Hospital: A Summer Internship, Adam Smith 2016 Purdue University

The Johns Hopkins Hospital: A Summer Internship, Adam Smith

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Adam Smith, a native of Richmond, Indiana, is an advanced pharmacy practice student in the College of Pharmacy at Purdue University. In this article, he describes how career exploration through a summer internship with The Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland solidified his desire to pursue a career in pharmacy administration.


Book Review, Jennifer L. Frizzell 2016 University of New Hampshire

Book Review, Jennifer L. Frizzell

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of the following: THOMAS SZASZ, OUR RIGHT TO DRUGS: THE CASE FOR A FREE MARKET. (Praeger 1992) [164 pp.] Notes, bibliography, name index, notes, preface, subject index. LC: 91-30378; ISBN: 0-275-94216-3. [Cloth $19.95. P.O. Box 5007, Westwood CT 06881-9990.]


Risk Perception And Drug Safety Evaluation, Ilan B. Vertinsky, Donald A. Wehrung 2016 University of New Hampshire

Risk Perception And Drug Safety Evaluation, Ilan B. Vertinsky, Donald A. Wehrung

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The authors present a Risk communication framework based on a survey of empirical research concerning public Risk perceptions. They also apply it to the area of pharmaceutical regulation to suggest more effective regulatory strategies.


Patient Perceptions Of Drug Risks And Benefits, Michael S. Brown, Linda J. Wastila, Carol I. Baras, Louis Lasagna 2016 University of New Hampshire

Patient Perceptions Of Drug Risks And Benefits, Michael S. Brown, Linda J. Wastila, Carol I. Baras, Louis Lasagna

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

This is a report of a pilot study conducted to examine patients' perceptions of drug Risks and benefits. While all of the factors influencing such perceptions are important, the findings about the extent to which views are affected by patient understanding of and confidence in regulatory oversight should be of professional interest to an especially broad audience.


A Synthesis Of Current Surveillance Planning Methods For The Sequential Monitoring Of Drug And Vaccine Adverse Effects Using Electronic Health Care Data, Jennifer C. Nelson, Robert Wellman, Onchee Yu, Andrea J. Cook, Judith C. Maro, Rita Ouellet-Hellstrom, Denise Boudreau, James S. Floyd, Susan R. Heckbert, Simone Pinheiro, Marsha Reichman, Azadeh Shoaibi 2016 Group Health Research Institute; University of Washington

A Synthesis Of Current Surveillance Planning Methods For The Sequential Monitoring Of Drug And Vaccine Adverse Effects Using Electronic Health Care Data, Jennifer C. Nelson, Robert Wellman, Onchee Yu, Andrea J. Cook, Judith C. Maro, Rita Ouellet-Hellstrom, Denise Boudreau, James S. Floyd, Susan R. Heckbert, Simone Pinheiro, Marsha Reichman, Azadeh Shoaibi

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: The large-scale assembly of electronic health care data combined with the use of sequential monitoring has made proactive postmarket drug- and vaccine-safety surveillance possible. Although sequential designs have been used extensively in randomized trials, less attention has been given to methods for applying them in observational electronic health care database settings.

Existing Methods: We review current sequential-surveillance planning methods from randomized trials, and the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) and Mini-Sentinel Pilot projects—two national observational electronic health care database safety monitoring programs.

Future Surveillance Planning: Based on this examination, we suggest three steps for future surveillance planning in health ...


Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis Compliance Before And After Electronic Health Record Implementation, Lindsay Saum, David Reeves 2016 Butler University

Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis Compliance Before And After Electronic Health Record Implementation, Lindsay Saum, David Reeves

David Reeves

Background: Adherence to American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis helps avoid thromboembolic complications during hospitalization. Electronic health records (EHR) have the potential to make an impact on guideline adherence, but data are lacking.

Objectives: To determine compliance with VTE prophylaxis guidelines in internal medicine and oncology populations and to determine whether EHR implementation had any effect on the rate and appropriateness of prophylaxis practices.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted on medical and oncology patients admitted to the hospital for a 2-month period pre-EHR and post-EHR implementation ...


Assessing The Accuracy And Quality Of Medication History Collection: Effect Of Implementation Of Electronic Health Record, Kena Lanham, Lindsay Saum, David J. Reeves, Colleen Scherer, Beth Johnson, Anthony Antonopoulos, Suellyn Sorenson 2016 Butler University

Assessing The Accuracy And Quality Of Medication History Collection: Effect Of Implementation Of Electronic Health Record, Kena Lanham, Lindsay Saum, David J. Reeves, Colleen Scherer, Beth Johnson, Anthony Antonopoulos, Suellyn Sorenson

David Reeves

Abstract from 2013 ACCP Annual Meeting, Alburquerque, New Mexico.


Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of A Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Curriculum For College Students, Danielle M. Colangelo, Alexis K. Sepulveda 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of A Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Curriculum For College Students, Danielle M. Colangelo, Alexis K. Sepulveda

Kinesiology

The recreational use of prescription drugs has been increasingly common in university communities (Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2015). Students may abuse prescription drugs to get high, study longer or sleep. A survey conducted by Kinesiology students used snowball sampling to assess the number of Cal Poly students recreationally using prescription drugs and their knowledge of prescription drug abuse (Colangelo & Sepulveda, 2015). The assessment showed 30.7% of students had abused prescription drugs in the last six months. There was an increase in abuse between college freshmen (19.2%), college sophomores (41.4%) and juniors (44.3%) (Colangelo & Sepulveda ...


Text Mining From Drug Surveillance Report Narratives, Susmitha Wunnava, Tabassum Kakar, Xiao Qi, Elke A. Rudensteiner 2016 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Text Mining From Drug Surveillance Report Narratives, Susmitha Wunnava, Tabassum Kakar, Xiao Qi, Elke A. Rudensteiner

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Analysis of postmarket drug surveillance reports is imperative to ensure drug safety and effectiveness. FAERS (FDA Adverse Event Reporting System) is a surveillance system that monitors Adverse Events (AEs) from drugs and biologic products. The AEs are reported through MedWatch voluntary reports (initiated from patients and healthcare providers) and mandatory reports (initiated from manufacturers). Much of the information in the voluntary AE reports is narratives or unstructured text. The increasing volume of individual reports, estimated at more than one million per year, poses a challenge for the staff to review large volume of narratives for drug clinical review. We are ...


Improving Collaboration Between Pharmacists And Physicians, Paras Patel 2016 Butler University

Improving Collaboration Between Pharmacists And Physicians, Paras Patel

BU Well

Physicians and pharmacists have differing but complementary roles that can optimize patient care when structured effectively. Unfortunately, these two professionals are not collaborating well enough, as patient outcomes, especially in relation to medication adherence, continue to decline. Coordinated care of patients can improve by expanding bidirectional communication and sharing additional patient information with each other. It will be necessary to continue to promote collaborative care in the educational and training stages of these professionals’ careers to build trust and understanding of professional scope. Ultimately, the healthcare infrastructure will have to continue to progress to make collaboration more available and valuable ...


Crizotinib And Ceritinib Induce Apoptosis And Necrosis In Primary Rat Hepatocytes With Distinct Capacity, Alec T. Salminen 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Crizotinib And Ceritinib Induce Apoptosis And Necrosis In Primary Rat Hepatocytes With Distinct Capacity, Alec T. Salminen

Biomedical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Drug development makes up a major portion of biomedical engineering research interests. The FDA oversees the introduction, experimentation, and implementation of all drugs before market approval is granted. Even after market approval is granted, the FDA continues to monitor the safety of all drugs. Crizotinib and ceritinib are two anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors recently approved by the FDA. Both drugs are indicated for treatment of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) with abnormal ALK gene, and they are approved with a companion diagnostic test that determines ALK abnormality. Clinical trial data suggest that crizotinib and ceritinib can cause liver injury ...


Assessing The Accuracy And Quality Of Medication History Collection: Effect Of Implementation Of Electronic Health Record [Abstract], Kena Lanham, Lindsay Saum, David Reeves, Colleen Scherer, Beth Johnston, Anthony Antonopoulos, Suellyn Sorenson 2016 Butler University

Assessing The Accuracy And Quality Of Medication History Collection: Effect Of Implementation Of Electronic Health Record [Abstract], Kena Lanham, Lindsay Saum, David Reeves, Colleen Scherer, Beth Johnston, Anthony Antonopoulos, Suellyn Sorenson

Lindsay Saum

Abstract from 2013 ACCP Annual Meeting:

PURPOSE: We hypothesized that pharmacy staff auditing of previously recorded admission medication histories will identify significant and potential medication errors, and that implementation of an electronic medical record [EMR] will not improve the quantity of discrepancies or the quality of admission medication histories, despite showing Joint Commission and Heart Failure Core Measure compliance.

METHODS: At our institution, medication reconciliation is completed at the time of admission through collaboration with prescribers and nursing staff. A pharmacy medication reconciliation team is utilized on the cardiac step down unit and employs pharmacy technicians to obtain an accurate ...


Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis Compliance Before And After Electronic Health Record Implementation, Lindsay Saum, David Reeves 2016 Butler University

Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis Compliance Before And After Electronic Health Record Implementation, Lindsay Saum, David Reeves

Scholarship and Professional Work – COPHS

Background: Adherence to American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis helps avoid thromboembolic complications during hospitalization. Electronic health records (EHR) have the potential to make an impact on guideline adherence, but data are lacking.

Objectives: To determine compliance with VTE prophylaxis guidelines in internal medicine and oncology populations and to determine whether EHR implementation had any effect on the rate and appropriateness of prophylaxis practices.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted on medical and oncology patients admitted to the hospital for a 2-month period pre-EHR and post-EHR implementation ...


Analysis Of Kentucky Medicaid Managed Care Versus Fee-For-Service Systems: Medication Adherence In Patients With Prevalent Chronic Diseases, Catherine K. Herren 2016 University of Kentucky

Analysis Of Kentucky Medicaid Managed Care Versus Fee-For-Service Systems: Medication Adherence In Patients With Prevalent Chronic Diseases, Catherine K. Herren

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

Objectives: Managed care organizations reduce healthcare costs and may improve patient health outcomes by encouraging better control of prevalent chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to determine whether changing from a fee-for-service program to a capitated managed care program improved medication adherence for Medicaid patients in Kentucky with hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, or type 2 diabetes.

Methods: We conducted a quasi-experimental study of patients enrolled in Kentucky Medicaid to evaluate the impact of transitioning to capitated managed care in November 2011. Medication adherence was measured using the proportion of days covered (PDC) method. Multivariable analyses measured the adjusted differences in ...


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