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Employing “Fdalabel” Database To Extract Pharmacogenomics Information From Fda Drug Labeling To Advance The Study Of Precision Medicine, Ryley B. Uber, Hong Fang, Zhichao Liu, Joshua Xu, Shraddha Thakkar, Shashi Amur, Padmaja Mummaneni, Minjun Chen, Baitang Ning, Steve Harris, Guangxu Zhou, Leihong Wu, Paul Howard, Weida Tong 2017 Cedarville University

Employing “Fdalabel” Database To Extract Pharmacogenomics Information From Fda Drug Labeling To Advance The Study Of Precision Medicine, Ryley B. Uber, Hong Fang, Zhichao Liu, Joshua Xu, Shraddha Thakkar, Shashi Amur, Padmaja Mummaneni, Minjun Chen, Baitang Ning, Steve Harris, Guangxu Zhou, Leihong Wu, Paul Howard, Weida Tong

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Pharmacogenomics (PGx) focuses on how genomics and genetic variants (inherited and acquired) affect drug response. A better understanding of the association between genetic markers and individual phenotypes may improve therapy by enhancing drug efficacy, safety, and advance precision medicine. The FDALabel database (https://rm2.scinet.fda.gov/druglabel/#simsearch-0) was developed from the FDA's Structured Product Labeling (SPL) repository to allow users to perform full-text and customizable searches of the labeling section {e.g. Boxed Warning, Warning and Precautions, Adverse Reaction (AR) sections}. In this study, 48 known biomarkers were used to query PGx relevant contents from the FDALabel ...


Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi 2016 Trivedi Global Inc.

Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cellulose and its derivatives are used as potential matrices for biomaterials and tissue engineering applications. The objective of present research was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physical, chemical and thermal properties of ethyl cellulose (EC) and methyl cellulose (MC). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The biofield treated polymers are characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), CHNSO analysis, X-ray diffraction study (XRD), Differential Scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). FT-IR analysis of treated EC showed downward shifting ...


Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi 2016 Trivedi Global Inc.

Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cellulose and its derivatives are used as potential matrices for biomaterials and tissue engineering applications. The objective of present research was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physical, chemical and thermal properties of ethyl cellulose (EC) and methyl cellulose (MC). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The biofield treated polymers are characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), CHNSO analysis, X-ray diffraction study (XRD), Differential Scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). FT-IR analysis of treated EC showed downward shifting ...


Polymeric Nanocarriers For Delivery Of Small Molecules And Mirnas For The Treatment Of Liver Fibrosis And Pancreatic Cancer, Virender Kumar 2016 university of Nebraska medical center

Polymeric Nanocarriers For Delivery Of Small Molecules And Mirnas For The Treatment Of Liver Fibrosis And Pancreatic Cancer, Virender Kumar

Theses & Dissertations

The aim of this thesis is to develop combination therapy of small molecules and miRNAs for treating liver fibrosis and pancreatic cancer. New amphiphilic biodegradable polymers capable of carrying small hydrophobic molecules and hydrophilic anionic nucleic acids were synthesized, characterized and evaluated in vitro and in vivo liver fibrosis and pancreatic cancer mouse models.

In Chapter 1, an overview of liver fibrosis, current treatments and the role of miRNAs in liver fibrosis as well as the design of their delivery systems is given. Further, a general introduction to pancreatic cancer and role of miRNAs in pancreatic cancer is given. In ...


Development Of Cxcr4-Inhibiting Nanoparticles For The Treatment Of Metastatic Cancer, Yan Wang 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Development Of Cxcr4-Inhibiting Nanoparticles For The Treatment Of Metastatic Cancer, Yan Wang

Theses & Dissertations

Metastasis is the main cause of cancer mortality and morbidity, leading to several million deaths every year. Less than 20% of pancreatic cancer (PC) patients are candidates for surgery due to spread beyond the pancreas. Desmoplasia presents substantial barriers to perfusion, diffusion, and convection of antitumor therapeutics into the PC tissues. We focus on developing novel therapies that regulates tumor microenvironment, chemosensitizing tumor to therapeutics and preventing metastasis.

Gene therapy is emerging as a promising new therapeutic agents for cancer treatment. A targeted, systemic, effective and safe gene delivery system should be developed. CXCR4/SDF-1 axis plays a crucial role ...


Mechanism Of Interaction Of Peptide Modified Nanoparticles With Porphyromonas Gingivalis., Ankita Jain 2016 University of Louisville

Mechanism Of Interaction Of Peptide Modified Nanoparticles With Porphyromonas Gingivalis., Ankita Jain

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Studies suggest that P. gingivalis functions as a keystone pathogen and interacts with primary colonizers in the supragingival biofilm such as S. gordonii. This interaction contributes to the initial colonization of the oral cavity by P. gingivalis and thus represents a potential target for therapeutic intervention. We have identified a peptide (BAR) derived from the streptococcal SspB protein that functions to inhibit P. gingivalis adherence to S. gordonii. In addition, we showed that nanoparticles (NPs) functionalized with BAR inhibit this interaction more potently than free soluble peptide, possibly by promoting interaction with P. gingivalis at higher valency than free peptide ...


Reactive Oxygen Species Modulation Of Na/K-Atpase Regulates Fibrosis And Renal Proximal Tubular Sodium Handling, Jiang Liu, David J. Kennedy, Yanling Yan, Joseph I. Shapiro MD 2016 Marshall University

Reactive Oxygen Species Modulation Of Na/K-Atpase Regulates Fibrosis And Renal Proximal Tubular Sodium Handling, Jiang Liu, David J. Kennedy, Yanling Yan, Joseph I. Shapiro Md

Yanling Yan

The Na/K-ATPase is the primary force regulating renal sodium handling and plays a key role in both ion homeostasis and blood pressure regulation. Recently, cardiotonic steroids (CTS)-mediated Na/K-ATPase signaling has been shown to regulate fibrosis, renal proximal tubule (RPT) sodium reabsorption, and experimental Dahl salt-sensitive hypertension in response to a high-salt diet. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are an important modulator of nephron ion transport. As there is limited knowledge regarding the role of ROS-mediated fibrosis and RPT sodium reabsorption through the Na/K-ATPase, the focus of this review is to examine the possible role of ROS in ...


Lack Of Cross-Reactivity Allergy Following A Switch From Alirocumab To Evolocumab, Matthew D. Stryker, Michael Kane, Robert Busch 2016 Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

Lack Of Cross-Reactivity Allergy Following A Switch From Alirocumab To Evolocumab, Matthew D. Stryker, Michael Kane, Robert Busch

Excerpts in Pharmacy Research Journal

The proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) gene and gain-of-function mutations were first described in 2003. The gain-of-function mutations observed were associated with low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in the 400’s, in addition to premature cardiovascular disease. Subsequent loss-of-function experiments conducted in mice demonstrated marked reductions in plasma cholesterol levels in the absence of PCSK9. Physiologically, PCSK9 serves as a chaperone protein and functions to reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor recycling; consequently, less LDL-C is removed from circulation and serum lipid concentrations become elevated. Inhibition of PCSK9 prevents LDL receptor degradation and preserves receptor recycling to the hepatocyte surface ...


Modeling With Medicinal Chemistry: Practical Innovative Technology-Based Activity To Enhance Student’S Learning Through Inter-Departmental Collaboration: Part I, Miriam Ansong, Denise Simpson, Nicole K. Stute 2016 Cedarville University

Modeling With Medicinal Chemistry: Practical Innovative Technology-Based Activity To Enhance Student’S Learning Through Inter-Departmental Collaboration: Part I, Miriam Ansong, Denise Simpson, Nicole K. Stute

Excerpts in Pharmacy Research Journal

Background: Concepts of formulary management and its applications in clinical practice is a challenge faced by many first professional year pharmacy students. This challenge may be attributed to a lack of foundational knowledge and practical skills at this level. Preparing students for lifelong learning mandates early exposure to practical application of concepts. This warrants the need for students to integrate knowledge, skills, abilities, and attitudes in clinical practice. As a result, a state-of-the-art one stop shopping structure of the day (SOD) activity was created for P1 pharmacy students to enable the authors to assess their skill sets.

Objective: The objective ...


Research And Publication Highlights, Miriam Ansong 2016 Cedarville University

Research And Publication Highlights, Miriam Ansong

Excerpts in Pharmacy Research Journal

Bibliography of completed research and book chapters


Effect Of Standard Treatment Guidelines With Or Without Prescription Audit On Prescribing For Acute Respiratory Tract Infection (Ari) And Diarrhoea In Some Thana Health Complexes (Thcs) Of Bangladesh, M. O. Faruk Khan, A.K. Azad Chowdhury, M. A. Matin, K. Begum, M. A. Galib 2016 Marshall University

Effect Of Standard Treatment Guidelines With Or Without Prescription Audit On Prescribing For Acute Respiratory Tract Infection (Ari) And Diarrhoea In Some Thana Health Complexes (Thcs) Of Bangladesh, M. O. Faruk Khan, A.K. Azad Chowdhury, M. A. Matin, K. Begum, M. A. Galib

M. O. Faruk Khan

Inappropriate prescribing for ARI and diarrhoea is a serious health problem in many developing countries including Bangladesh. A baseline retrospective prescribing survey for ARI and diarrhoea have been conducted in randomly selected 60 thana health complexes (THCs) of Dhaka division of Bangladesh. In the 38 of 60 THCs, the prescribers did not comply with the standard treatment guidelines (STG) for ARI. They are marked as 'unsatisfactory performers'. In these THCs unnecessary antibiotics were prescribed in more than 50% of the encounters. The study further revealed that in 26 THCs, comprising 41.6% of the 38 THCs, the situation was even ...


Why Patients Need Protection From The Sun, M. O. Faruk Khan, W. Steve Pray 2016 Marshall University

Why Patients Need Protection From The Sun, M. O. Faruk Khan, W. Steve Pray

M. O. Faruk Khan

Sunlight has been thought to be beneficial in recent decades, a time in which widespread tanning has become the norm. However, some patients’ quest for the perfect tan may lead them to permanent disfigurement and early death due to the damaging effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation.


Long-Acting Antiretroviral Nanoformulation Development And Subcellular Trafficking, Dongwei Guo 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Long-Acting Antiretroviral Nanoformulation Development And Subcellular Trafficking, Dongwei Guo

Theses & Dissertations

The introduction of nanoformulated antiretroviral therapeutic regimens is a promising alternative to standard once a day oral treatment of HIV infection. Our lab has pioneered this effort and was successful in harnessing mononuclear phagocytes (monocytes, dendritic cells and macrophages) as nanoformulated drug carriers. The approach was developed as Trojan horses for drug transport, delivery and distribution to sites of viral replication in order to facilitate microbial elimination in HIV sanctuaries. However, the remaining challenges for current antiretroviral nanoformulations include to formulate a broad range of hydrophilic short-acting drugs, and to elucidate the mechanism of sequestered nanoparticles in macrophages at the ...


Novel Ph-Sensitive Cyclic Peptides, Dhammika Weerakkody, Anna Moshnikova, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Ramona-Cosima Adochite, Gregory Slaybaugh, Jovana Golijanin, Rakesh Tiwari, Oleg A. Andreev, Keykavous Parang, Yana K. Reshetnyak 2016 University of Rhode Island

Novel Ph-Sensitive Cyclic Peptides, Dhammika Weerakkody, Anna Moshnikova, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Ramona-Cosima Adochite, Gregory Slaybaugh, Jovana Golijanin, Rakesh Tiwari, Oleg A. Andreev, Keykavous Parang, Yana K. Reshetnyak

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

A series of cyclic peptides containing a number of tryptophan (W) and glutamic acid (E) residues were synthesized and evaluated as pH-sensitive agents for targeting of acidic tissue and pH-dependent cytoplasmic delivery of molecules. Biophysical studies revealed the molecular mechanism of peptides action and localization within the lipid bilayer of the membrane at high and low pHs. The symmetric, c[(WE)4WC], and asymmetric, c[E4W5C], cyclic peptides translocated amanitin, a polar cargo molecule of similar size, across the lipid bilayer and induced cell death in a pH- and concentration-dependent manner. Fluorescently-labelled peptides were evaluated for targeting of acidic 4T1 ...


Rnai Nanotechnology: A Platform For Sirna Screening And Cancer Gene Therapy, Mayurbhai Ravikant Patel 2016 Seton Hall University

Rnai Nanotechnology: A Platform For Sirna Screening And Cancer Gene Therapy, Mayurbhai Ravikant Patel

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Over the past two decades, advances in RNA structural biology have improved our understanding of the structures and folding properties of naturally occurring RNAs. RNA sequences and structures participate in many specific biological functions, such as those performed by messenger RNA (mRNA), ribosomal RNA (rRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), micro RNA (miRNA), short-interfering RNA (siRNA), small nuclear RNA (snRNA) and many others. The noncoding RNAs, such as siRNA, do not express proteins but have been utilized in a wide range of applications, including RNA interference (RNAi) and the regulation of mRNA expression. These important biological functions have been implemented in gene ...


A Mechanical Study Of Cancer Drug-Receptor Interactions, Specifically In G-Quadruplex Dna And Topoisomerase I Enzymes, Kelly Ann Mulholland 2016 Rowan University

A Mechanical Study Of Cancer Drug-Receptor Interactions, Specifically In G-Quadruplex Dna And Topoisomerase I Enzymes, Kelly Ann Mulholland

Theses and Dissertations

Computational methods are becoming essential in drug discovery as they provide information that traditional drug development methods lack. Using these methods to understand drug-receptor interactions in detail, researchers are able to efficiently design promising drug candidates. In this study, extra precision Glide docking, molecular dynamics simulations and MMGBSA binding energy calculations provided information about the binding behavior of small molecules to two specific targets for current cancer therapeutics: G-quadruplex DNA and Topoisomerase I enzyme. The first study focuses on the compound Telomestatin, which induces apoptosis of various cancer cells with a relatively low effect on somatic cells due to its ...


Chlor-Amidine, A Novel Pad Inhibitor, As An Effective Drug For The Treatment Of Ulcerative Colitis And Prevention Of Colorectal Cancer, Erin Witalison 2016 University of South Carolina

Chlor-Amidine, A Novel Pad Inhibitor, As An Effective Drug For The Treatment Of Ulcerative Colitis And Prevention Of Colorectal Cancer, Erin Witalison

Theses and Dissertations

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the quality of life of millions of patients worldwide. This disease is associated with inflammation and ulceration of the colonic epithelium, leading to an increased risk for the development of UC-associated colorectal cancer (CRC). Current UC medications are designed to manage the symptoms and induce remission; however, several challenges are faced with current treatment options. 5-aminosalicyclic acid and corticosteroids have few side effects, but have limited efficacy and often the disease becomes refractory. Biologics are introduced after initial treatments fail, but serious side effects are often associated with these ...


Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu 2016 Chapman University

Calcium Phosphate As A Key Material For Socially Responsible Tissue Engineering, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Socially responsible technologies are designed while taking into consideration the socioeconomic, geopolitical and environmental limitations of regions in which they will be implemented. In the medical context, this involves making therapeutic platforms more accessible and affordable to patients in poor regions of the world wherein a given disease is endemic. This often necessitates going against the reigning trend of making therapeutic nanoparticles ever more structurally complex and expensive. However, studies aimed at simplifying materials and formulations while maintaining the functionality and therapeutic response of their more complex counterparts seldom provoke a significant interest in the scientific community. In this review ...


The Changing Landscape Of Biosimilars In Rheumatology, Thomas Dorner, Vibeke Strand, Paul Cornes, Joao Goncalves, Laszlo Gulacsi, Jonathan Kay, Tore K. Kvien, Josef S. Smolen, Yoshiya Tanaka, Gerd R. Burmester 2016 Charite Universitätsmedizin

The Changing Landscape Of Biosimilars In Rheumatology, Thomas Dorner, Vibeke Strand, Paul Cornes, Joao Goncalves, Laszlo Gulacsi, Jonathan Kay, Tore K. Kvien, Josef S. Smolen, Yoshiya Tanaka, Gerd R. Burmester

Open Access Articles

Biosimilars remain a hot topic in rheumatology, and some physicians are cautious about their application in the real world. With many products coming to market and a wealth of guidelines and recommendations concerning their use, there is a need to understand the changing landscape and the real clinical and health-economic potential offered by these agents. Notably, rheumatologists will be at the forefront of the use of biosimilar monoclonal antibodies/soluble receptors. Biosimilars offer cost savings and health gains for our patients and will play an important role in treating rheumatic diseases. We hope that these lower costs will compensate for ...


Invitrometrix Qcm-Based Cell Biosensor: Research Tool To Accelerate Pharmaceutical Drug Discovery Success, Abiche H. Dewilde 2016 University of Massachusetts Lowell

Invitrometrix Qcm-Based Cell Biosensor: Research Tool To Accelerate Pharmaceutical Drug Discovery Success, Abiche H. Dewilde

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Shark Tank-UMass Spin-out Life Sciences Start-ups," Dr. Dewilde discusses an example of UMass life sciences technology that has been spun out into a start-up company -- Cell QCM from UMass Lowell.


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