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The Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Largazole: A Potential Chemotherapeutic Agent, Hannah Lynn Carson 2020 University of Mississippi

The Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Largazole: A Potential Chemotherapeutic Agent, Hannah Lynn Carson

Honors Theses

Histone deacetylase enzymes are known for their inherent activity as epigenetic modifiers. Although, they have become recognized for their role in cancer progression and other diseases. But also, histone deacetylases have other non-histone targets, for example, microtubules, which play important roles in cancer metastasis, apoptosis, and replication. With histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi), our research explored HDACi effects on breast cancer cell lines. The overall goal was to understand the potential of largazole, a class one histone deacetylase inhibitor on breast cancer cell lines. The research consisted of two parts: sulforhodamine B (SRB) viability assays under hypoxic and normoxic conditions. The ...


In-Vitro Assessment Of Cb1/Cb2 Receptor Binding And Function, Joey M. Davis 2020 University of Mississippi

In-Vitro Assessment Of Cb1/Cb2 Receptor Binding And Function, Joey M. Davis

Honors Theses

Cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 are G protein-coupled receptors that have a variety of physiological effects on the human body. Many natural product agonists and antagonists are presumed to interact with the cannabinoid receptors and are therefore heavily studied in drug discovery. Assays are used to study the binding of compounds to these receptors. However, a limited number of these assays are efficient in determining the functional activity of ligands associated with CB1 and CB2. Of those, many use radioactivity which is both expensive and potentially dangerous to the researcher. In this study, we first validated the assays already found ...


Impacts Of Embryonic Exposure To Cannabidiol Or ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol On Zebrafish (Danio Rerio) Frailty In F0 And F1 Generations, Anika Faruque 2020 University of Mississippi

Impacts Of Embryonic Exposure To Cannabidiol Or ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol On Zebrafish (Danio Rerio) Frailty In F0 And F1 Generations, Anika Faruque

Honors Theses

Exposure to cannabinoids during critical development periods has increased with epileptic children being commonly prescribed CBD for seizures and pregnant women taking it recreationally. Many studies have been done on the possible benefits and drawbacks of cannabinoid exposure on the human brain, but not much is known about how it can affect the developing brain long-term. To see the potential adverse effects of cannabinoid exposure during critical stages of development and discover potential developmental origins of disease in consuming cannabinoids during embryogenesis, zebrafish embryos (6-96 hours post fertilization) were exposed to varying concentrations of CBD (0.02, 0.1, 0 ...


Profil Terapi Antihipertensi Dan Antihiperlipidemia Terhadap Fungsi Ginjal Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Dengan Komplikasi Penyakit Ginjal Kronis Di Rsup Dr. Hasan Sadikin, Fitri Rachmaini, Lia Amalia, Cherry Rahayu 2020 Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Andalas, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia

Profil Terapi Antihipertensi Dan Antihiperlipidemia Terhadap Fungsi Ginjal Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Dengan Komplikasi Penyakit Ginjal Kronis Di Rsup Dr. Hasan Sadikin, Fitri Rachmaini, Lia Amalia, Cherry Rahayu

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) complication increases the risk of morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DMT2) patients. The presence of hypertension and dyslipidemia as comorbidity increases the risk of macrovascular and microvascular complications and further adding to the list of drugs used. Management of this comorbidity is essential to prevent cardiovascular events and minimize kidney damage. This study aimed to evaluate therapeutic profile of antihypertensive and antihyperlipidemia drugs towards kidney function in DMT2 patients with CKD complication at Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital. Study was done by using a prospective single cohort design with consecutive sampling technique and obtained ...


Development Of Ethanolic Extract Of Pinang Masak Jambi (Areca Catechu L.) As A Modulator Of Doxorubicin Cytotoxic Effect In Breast Cancer Therapy, Fitrianingsih Fitrianingsih, Indri Maharini, Diah Tri Utami 2020 Pharmacy Study Program, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia

Development Of Ethanolic Extract Of Pinang Masak Jambi (Areca Catechu L.) As A Modulator Of Doxorubicin Cytotoxic Effect In Breast Cancer Therapy, Fitrianingsih Fitrianingsih, Indri Maharini, Diah Tri Utami

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

Doxorubicin is one of the chemotherapy agents that is often used in breast cancer therapy. Phenomenon of breast cancer cell resistance to chemotherapy agents has been traced to the molecular level. The development of compounds that can overcome drug resistance chemotherapy needs to be continuously developed, especially agents with specific molecular targets, namely P-glycoprotein (Pgp), NFkB, cyclin, and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK). Another alternative is the combination of chemotherapy agents with chemopreventive agents (co-chemotherapy) to reduce side effects and increase sensitivity of cancer cells. Doxorubicin is often used in breast cancer therapy. This study was performed to determine the effect of ...


Evaluation Of Potential Drug Interaction Of Analgesic In Cancer Patient Receiving Palliative Care In Dharmais Cancer Hospital, Eme Stepani Sitepu, Atika Wahyu Puspitasari, Nuriza Ulul Azmi, Lila Nilam Sari 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia

Evaluation Of Potential Drug Interaction Of Analgesic In Cancer Patient Receiving Palliative Care In Dharmais Cancer Hospital, Eme Stepani Sitepu, Atika Wahyu Puspitasari, Nuriza Ulul Azmi, Lila Nilam Sari

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

Analgesics are mostly used in cancer patients receiving palliative care to improve the quality of life of patients. Besides analgesics, cancer patients receiving palliative care were also given other drugs in combination to overcome other symptoms of cancer, and this combination could potentially cause drug interactions. This study was aimed to analyze the potential of drug interactions with analgesics in cancer patients. The study design was cross-sectional with a retrospective method and descriptive study. The sample of this study was cancer palliative care patient’s prescription at Dharmais Cancer Hospital in the period of January – December 2017. The sample analyzed ...


Formulasi Gel Ekstrak Daun Kelor (Moringa Oleifera Lamk) Sebagai Sediaan Antiinflamasi, Nining Sugihartini, Syauqul Jannah, Tedjo Yuwono 2020 Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Jakarta, Indonesia

Formulasi Gel Ekstrak Daun Kelor (Moringa Oleifera Lamk) Sebagai Sediaan Antiinflamasi, Nining Sugihartini, Syauqul Jannah, Tedjo Yuwono

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

The development of anti-inflammatory gel of Moringa oleifera leaf extract has been performed. This study aimed to determine the physical properties, irritation index and anti-inflammatory activity of gel with various concentration of Moringa oleifera leaf extract. The extract was obtained by maceration method using ethanol 70%. The extracts were formulated in a gel with a concentration of 3%, 6%, 9% by using Carbopol 940 as gelling agent. The gel was evaluated for its physical properties (viscosity, pH, spreadability, adhesivity), irritation index with rabbit test animals and anti-inflammatory activity with mice test animals based on epidermal thickness parameters. The test results ...


Interaction Of Thymidine With Sodium Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) Sulfosuccinate In Alcohol And Water: Studies With Uv-Vis Technique, Indu M. Paudel, Ajaya Bhattarai 2020 Department of Chemistry, Central Campus of Technology, Tribhuvan University, Hattisar, Dharan, Nepal

Interaction Of Thymidine With Sodium Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) Sulfosuccinate In Alcohol And Water: Studies With Uv-Vis Technique, Indu M. Paudel, Ajaya Bhattarai

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

The accurate measurement of thymidine absorbance in the presence of sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (AOT) in ethanol and water systems at room temperature by UV-vis technique has been reported. The AOT concentrations varied from 0.0005 to 0.014 [mol/L] in ethanol whereas from 0.0002 to 0.042 [mol/L] in water. The concentration of thymidine was 0.0073 [mol/L] during UV-vis spectrum registration. The thymidine spectrum was examined in the presence of AOT concentration. Using a statistical method of non-linear regression (NLREG), thymidine binding and thymidine distribution constants were evaluated. A noticeable decrease in thymidine absorbance ...


An Exploration Of Electrospun Fibers Containing Drug-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complexes, Fatimah Fatimah, Zeynep Aytac, Tamer Uyar, George Pasparakis, Gareth R. Williams 2020 UCL School of Pharmacy, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom

An Exploration Of Electrospun Fibers Containing Drug-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complexes, Fatimah Fatimah, Zeynep Aytac, Tamer Uyar, George Pasparakis, Gareth R. Williams

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

A series of new core-shell fibers were developed containing anticancer drugs (5-fluorouracil or ferulic acid) and their cyclodextrin inclusion complexes, with a gadolinium-based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent. These were prepared by electrospinning, a simple method for producing ultra-fine fibers through the application of a strong electrostatic force on a polymer solution. The shell of the fibers was formed from Eudragit S100, and the drugs were loaded in the core. Scanning electron microscopy images showed the formation of smooth ribbon-like fibers, with diameters ranging from 1.4 to 5.1 μm, and transmission electron microscopy reveals a transparent interface ...


Anti-Proliferative Effects Of A Coumarin Benjaminin On Four Human Cancer Cell Lines, Siau Hui Mah, Soek Sin Teh, Ahmad Azri Fitri Ismail, Gwendoline Cheng Lian Ee 2020 School of Biosciences, Taylor’s University, Lakeside Campus, 47500 Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia

Anti-Proliferative Effects Of A Coumarin Benjaminin On Four Human Cancer Cell Lines, Siau Hui Mah, Soek Sin Teh, Ahmad Azri Fitri Ismail, Gwendoline Cheng Lian Ee

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

Cancer is a major health issue around the globe. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are no longer the standard treatments for patients as these remedies lead to many adverse effects. Thus, the development of alternative effective drugs from lead compounds, especially natural products is necessary. This study aimed to isolate cytotoxic phytochemical constituents from a plant Calophyllum inophyllum, which has been used as traditional medicine since ancient time. The root of C. inophyllum was extracted and subjected for phytochemical constituent isolation. A coumarin, benjaminin (1) was isolated successfully from the chloroform extract and its structural elucidation was performed by spectroscopy analyses ...


Ace Inhibitory Activity And Functional Group Analysis Of Solvent- Partitioned Fractions Of Eleusine Indica, Jade Celon Cometa, Liahona Faith Roldan Mancol, Anthony Nalzaro Yen, Joanne Katherine Talens Manlusoc 2020 Adamson University – College of Pharmacy, 900 San Marcelino St. Ermita Manila 1000 Philippines

Ace Inhibitory Activity And Functional Group Analysis Of Solvent- Partitioned Fractions Of Eleusine Indica, Jade Celon Cometa, Liahona Faith Roldan Mancol, Anthony Nalzaro Yen, Joanne Katherine Talens Manlusoc

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

Eleusine indica Linn. Gaerth or Indian goose grass has been widely used as an alternative natural anti-hypertensive agent. However, the rationale behind this mechanism is still unknown. The purpose of this study is to confirm the presence of functional groups that may be responsible for its ACE inhibitory activity and its possible synergism. Each solvent-portioned fraction was analyzed by FTIR, individual ACE inhibitory activity, and combination of fractions. FTIR results of solvent- partitioned fractions revealed that O-H and C-H stretches were present in all fractions. In addition to this, C-O and C=O groups were also present in all fractions ...


Assessment Of Depression Among Older Adults Staying In Old Home Care In Klang, Malaysia, Muhammad Qamar, Nurul Zahirah, Sohail Ahmad 2020 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, MAHSA University, Bandar Saujana Putra, 42610 Jenjarom, Kuala Langat, Selangor, Malaysia

Assessment Of Depression Among Older Adults Staying In Old Home Care In Klang, Malaysia, Muhammad Qamar, Nurul Zahirah, Sohail Ahmad

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

Mental disorders such as depression are widespread, often underdiagnosed, and usually inappropriately treated. The early recognition of factors that may promote depression with the help of depression screening aid can help to plan better care for the patient. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the depression prevalence among the older adults staying in old home care, to explore any association and differences of depression across various socio-demographic variables, and to study the predictors of depression among study subjects. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 141 elderly by using the validated tool. The study instrument was divided ...


Encapsulation Of Temulawak Extract By Using Nanocrystalline Cassava And Sago Starches And Maltodextrin, Titi Candra Sunarti, Fatimah J. Pasaribu, Christina Winarti 2020 Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB University), Indonesia

Encapsulation Of Temulawak Extract By Using Nanocrystalline Cassava And Sago Starches And Maltodextrin, Titi Candra Sunarti, Fatimah J. Pasaribu, Christina Winarti

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of Curcuma zanthorrhiza crude extract after encapsulated in nanocrystalline starch, and to investigate the effect of the ratio of nanocrystalline starches and maltodextrin; and the effect of concentration of temulawak extract on nanocapsule characteristics, as well as encapsulation effect on the stability of antioxidant activity. Preparation of nanocrystalline starch was conducted by using lintnerization and ethanol precipitation of cassava and sago starches. Nanocrystalline starch and maltodextrin were used as matrices with the ratio varied from 25:75, 50:50, and 75:25. The mixture of temulawak extract and matrices were homogenized and ...


Weaving Charlotte's Web: An In-Depth Guide To Cannabidiol, Lauren Pitts 2020 University of Mississippi

Weaving Charlotte's Web: An In-Depth Guide To Cannabidiol, Lauren Pitts

Honors Theses

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, first gathered national spotlight after Charlotte Figi and her mother Paige were able to find two physicians willing to prescribe CBD to treat Charlotte’s seizures. Charlotte suffered from Dravet Syndrome, but was able to find relief from CBD, which decreased the number and severity of her seizures. This sparked national interest and was the catalyst that lead to research and changes surrounding CBD uses and legality. Cannabidiol is a single cannabinoid that is found within the Cannabis sativa plant family—the same family that includes marijuana. This cannabinoid differs from tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and does ...


Pseudomonas And Bacillus As Potential Sources Of Novel Antibiotics, Cory Jayne, Dr. Lori Scott 2020 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Pseudomonas And Bacillus As Potential Sources Of Novel Antibiotics, Cory Jayne, Dr. Lori Scott

Identifying and Characterizing Novel Antibiotic Producing Microbes From the Soil

With an increase in antibiotic resistance within the medical field the need for novel antibiotics is evident. Through collaboration with the Tiny Earth Project Initiative, we hope to find novel antibiotics through bacteria found in soil. We were able to successfully isolate two microbes that showed broad spectrum antibiotics against both Staphylococcus epidermis and Bacillus subtilis. Through further exploration and collaboration with the Tiny Earth Project Initiative, we might be able to discover novel antibiotics.


Lavender Aromatherapy: Ready For Prime-Time Office Use?, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2020 Aurora UW Medical Group, Aurora Health Care

Lavender Aromatherapy: Ready For Prime-Time Office Use?, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The editor-in-chief of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews comments on the perioperative use of lavender aromatherapy and its potential to relieve pain and anxiety during minor primary care office procedures.


Antiproliferative And Apoptotic Effects Of Proteins From Black Seeds (Nigella Sativa) On Human Breast Mcf-7 Cancer Cell Line, Yamna Khursid, Basir Syed, Shabana U. Simjee, Obaid Beg, Aftab Ahmed 2020 Chapman University

Antiproliferative And Apoptotic Effects Of Proteins From Black Seeds (Nigella Sativa) On Human Breast Mcf-7 Cancer Cell Line, Yamna Khursid, Basir Syed, Shabana U. Simjee, Obaid Beg, Aftab Ahmed

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Nigella sativa (NS), a member of family Ranunculaceae is commonly known as black seed or kalonji. It has been well studied for its therapeutic role in various diseases, particularly cancer. Literature is full of bioactive compounds from NS seed. However, fewer studies have been reported on the pharmacological activity of proteins. The current study was designed to evaluate the anticancer property of NS seed proteins on the MCF-7 cell line.

Methods

NS seed extract was prepared in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and proteins were precipitated using 80% ammonium sulfate. The crude seed proteins were partially purified using gel filtration chromatography ...


Chemical Components Of Ocimum Basilicum L. And Ocimum Tenuiflorum L. Stem Essential Oils And Evaluation Of Their Antioxidant Activities Using Dpph Method, Ni Putu Ermi Hikmawanti, Hariyanti, Nurkamalia, Sahera Nurhidayah 2019 Faculty of Pharmacy and Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA, Jakarta, Indonesia

Chemical Components Of Ocimum Basilicum L. And Ocimum Tenuiflorum L. Stem Essential Oils And Evaluation Of Their Antioxidant Activities Using Dpph Method, Ni Putu Ermi Hikmawanti, Hariyanti, Nurkamalia, Sahera Nurhidayah

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum tenuiflorum L. are two types of plants from Ocimum (Lamiaceae). One of their chemical compounds is essential oil. Essential oil might have an antioxidant activities. The part of the plants which are often wasted and never used are stem. This study aimed to analyze the chemical components of O. basilicum L. and O. tenuiflorum L. stem essential oils and evaluate their antioxidant activities. Essential oils were obtained by steam-water distillation. Analysis of chemical component of essential oil was performed using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS). Antioxidant activities were evaluated with DPPH method and then the IC50 ...


Model Hewan Coba Pada Penelitian Diabetes, Fauzul Husna, Franciscus D. Suyatna, Wawaimuli Arozal, Erni H. Purwaningsih 2019 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh, Indonesia

Model Hewan Coba Pada Penelitian Diabetes, Fauzul Husna, Franciscus D. Suyatna, Wawaimuli Arozal, Erni H. Purwaningsih

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

The animal model has been widely used and contributed vastly to the scientific research over the years. While it can be used as an alternate subject in a study, the selection of the animal is crucial to assess and investigate the influence of the environment and genes on the pathogenesis of a disease. Many factors contribute to the choosing of the animal. They can be ranged from the similarities with the modelled object, easily looked after with less expensive cost, good reproductive performance, ability to produce blood and tissue samples, well-known genetic composition, and the status of the disease can ...


Cytotoxic Activity Of Stem Of Pycnarrhena Cauliflora Through Apoptosis Induction On Human Breast Cancer Cell Line T47d, Masriani, Rudiyansyah, Rini Muharini, Eny Enawaty 2019 Chemistry Education Department, Faculty of Teaching and Education, Tanjungpura University, West Kalimantan, Indonesia

Cytotoxic Activity Of Stem Of Pycnarrhena Cauliflora Through Apoptosis Induction On Human Breast Cancer Cell Line T47d, Masriani, Rudiyansyah, Rini Muharini, Eny Enawaty

Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research

Cytotoxic activities of extracts of Pycnarrhena cauliflora leaves, stems and roots on some human cancer cells have been known. However, the cytotoxicity of stem of Pycnarrhena cauliflora on human breast cancer cell line T47D through an apoptosis induction has not been proven yet. This study was an effort in understanding the cytotoxic activity of stem of Pycnarrhena cauliflora through apoptosis induction. The crude ethanol extract was partitioned between n-hexane and dichloromethane at pH 3, 7 and 9, which was subsequently tested for their cytotoxic activity against human breast cancer cell line T47D by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)- 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide ...


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