Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

548 Full-Text Articles 1,348 Authors 80,570 Downloads 79 Institutions

All Articles in Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Faceted Search

548 full-text articles. Page 1 of 24.

C38: Exploring Doxorubicin-Mediated Hypertrophy And Cell Death In Primary Human Cardiomyocytes, Sonia Phan 2021 Roseman University of Health Sciences

C38: Exploring Doxorubicin-Mediated Hypertrophy And Cell Death In Primary Human Cardiomyocytes, Sonia Phan

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Development Of Miriplatin-Loaded Nanoparticles Against Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Zhongyue Yuan, Zizhao Xu, Xin Guo 2021 University of the Pacific

Development Of Miriplatin-Loaded Nanoparticles Against Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Zhongyue Yuan, Zizhao Xu, Xin Guo

Graduate and Professional Student Research Showcase

Lung cancer claims the highest mortality and the second-most new cases among all oncological diseases. NSCLC accounts for approximately 85% of all newly diagnosed lung cancers. Although platinum-based drugs are standard first-line chemotherapy for stage IIIB/IV NSCLC, accumulating reports have shown the failure of conventional platinum-based regimens due to drug resistance. Miriplatin is a lipophilic anti-cancer drug that has been approved in Japan for transcatheter arterial chemoembolization treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. Lipid-based nanoparticles such as liposomes, micelles, and solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) can encapsulate anti-cancer drugs to improve their water solubility and bioavailability.


Categorization Of Marketed Artificial Tear Formulations Based On Their Ingredients: A Rational Approach For Their Use, Avani Kathuria, Kiumars Shamloo, Vishal Jhanji, Ajay Sharma 2021 Chapman University

Categorization Of Marketed Artificial Tear Formulations Based On Their Ingredients: A Rational Approach For Their Use, Avani Kathuria, Kiumars Shamloo, Vishal Jhanji, Ajay Sharma

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Dry eye disease is a common ocular condition affecting millions of people worldwide. Artificial tears are the first line therapy for the management of dry eye disease. Artificial tear formulations contain a variety of active ingredients, biologically active excipients, and preservatives. Many of these formulations are also available as preservative-free. This study was conducted to inspect artificial tear formulations currently marketed in the United States for their active ingredients, biologically relevant excipients, and preservatives. The marketed artificial tears were examined at various US retail pharmacy chains and using the manufacturers’ website to compile information about active ingredients, inactive ingredients, and ...


N-Nitrosodimethylamine (Ndma) Contamination Of Ranitidine Products: A Review Of Recent Findings, Fahad S. Aldawsari, Yahya M. Alshehri, Thamer S. Alghamdi 2021 Drug Reference Laboratory, Saudi Food and Drug Authority

N-Nitrosodimethylamine (Ndma) Contamination Of Ranitidine Products: A Review Of Recent Findings, Fahad S. Aldawsari, Yahya M. Alshehri, Thamer S. Alghamdi

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Ranitidine is a medication that has been used to alleviate heartburn and other disorders for over 40 years. Following reports of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) contamination in ranitidine products, there have been many recalls and registration suspensions. Here, we revise the literature information confirming ranitidine association with NDMA. Then, we highlight the documented mechanisms for NDMA release from ranitidine. In addition, the stability issue for this medicine is discussed. After that, we review and discuss the results of the United States Food and Drug Administration and the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration laboratory testing of ranitidine products and the detected NDMA levels. Finally ...


Stability Evaluation Of Extemporaneously Compounded Vancomycin Ophthalmic Drops: Effect Of Solvents And Storage Conditions, Christopher Ross, Basir Syed, Joanna Pak, Vishal Jhanji, Jason Yamaki, Ajay Sharma 2021 Chapman University

Stability Evaluation Of Extemporaneously Compounded Vancomycin Ophthalmic Drops: Effect Of Solvents And Storage Conditions, Christopher Ross, Basir Syed, Joanna Pak, Vishal Jhanji, Jason Yamaki, Ajay Sharma

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Vancomycin is the drug of choice for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus keratitis and other ocular infections. Vancomycin ophthalmic drops are not commercially available and require compounding. The present study was designed to investigate the stability of vancomycin ophthalmic drops in normal saline, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and balanced salt solution (BSS) while stored at room temperature or under refrigeration. Vancomycin ophthalmic drops (50 mg/mL) were aseptically prepared from commercially available intravenous powder using PBS, BSS, and saline. Solutions were stored at room temperature and in a refrigerator for 28 days. The vancomycin stability was tested by a microbiology assay and high-performance ...


Sars-Cov-2 Early Infection Signature Identified Potential Key Infection Mechanisms And Drug Targets, Yue Li, Ashley Duche, Michael R. Sayer, Don Roosan, Farid G. Khalafalla, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Jennifer Totonchy, Moom Roosan 2021 Chapman University

Sars-Cov-2 Early Infection Signature Identified Potential Key Infection Mechanisms And Drug Targets, Yue Li, Ashley Duche, Michael R. Sayer, Don Roosan, Farid G. Khalafalla, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Jennifer Totonchy, Moom Roosan

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

The ongoing COVID-19 outbreak has caused devastating mortality and posed a significant threat to public health worldwide. Despite the severity of this illness and 2.3 million worldwide deaths, the disease mechanism is mostly unknown. Previous studies that characterized differential gene expression due to SARS-CoV-2 infection lacked robust validation. Although vaccines are now available, effective treatment options are still out of reach.

Results

To characterize the transcriptional activity of SARS-CoV-2 infection, a gene signature consisting of 25 genes was generated using a publicly available RNA-Sequencing (RNA-Seq) dataset of cultured cells infected with SARS-CoV-2. The signature estimated infection level accurately ...


Repurposing Of Omarigliptin As A Neuroprotective Agent Based On Docking With A2a Adenosine And Ache Receptors, Brain Glp-1 Response And Its Brain/Plasma Concentration Ratio After 28 Days Multiple Doses In Rats Using Lc-Ms/Ms, Bassam Ayoub, Haidy Michel, Shereen Mowaka, Moataz S. Hendy, Mariam M. Tadros 2021 The British University in Egypt

Repurposing Of Omarigliptin As A Neuroprotective Agent Based On Docking With A2a Adenosine And Ache Receptors, Brain Glp-1 Response And Its Brain/Plasma Concentration Ratio After 28 Days Multiple Doses In Rats Using Lc-Ms/Ms, Bassam Ayoub, Haidy Michel, Shereen Mowaka, Moataz S. Hendy, Mariam M. Tadros

Pharmacy

Abstract: The authors in the current work suggested the potential repurposing of omarigliptin (OMR) for neurodegenerative diseases based on three new findings that support the preliminary finding of crossing BBB after a single dose study in the literature. The first finding is the positive results of the docking study with the crystal structures of A2A adenosine (A2AAR) and acetylcholine esterase (AChE) receptors. A2AAR is a member of non-dopaminergic GPCR superfamily receptor proteins and has essential role in regulation of glutamate and dopamine release in Parkinson’s disease while AChE plays a major role in Alzheimer’s disease as the primary ...


Label‑Free Spectral Imaging To Study Drug Distribution And Metabolism In Single Living Cells, Qamar Alshammari, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Nir Katzir, Surya M. Nauli 2021 Chapman University

Label‑Free Spectral Imaging To Study Drug Distribution And Metabolism In Single Living Cells, Qamar Alshammari, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Nir Katzir, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

During drug development, evaluation of drug and its metabolite is an essential process to understand drug activity, stability, toxicity and distribution. Liquid chromatography (LC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) has become the standard analytical tool for screening and identifying drug metabolites. Unlike LC/MS approach requiring liquifying the biological samples, we showed that spectral imaging (or spectral microscopy) could provide high-resolution images of doxorubicin (dox) and its metabolite doxorubicinol (dox’ol) in single living cells. Using this new method, we performed measurements without destroying the biological samples. We calculated the rate constant of dox translocating from extracellular moiety into the ...


The Mechanism Of Β-N-Methylamino-L-Alanine Inhibition Of Trna Aminoacylation And Its Impact On Misincorporation, Nien-Ching Han, Tammy J. Bullwinkle, Kaeli F. Loeb, Kym F. Faull, Kyle Mohler, Jesse Rinehart, Michael Ibba 2021 The Ohio State University

The Mechanism Of Β-N-Methylamino-L-Alanine Inhibition Of Trna Aminoacylation And Its Impact On Misincorporation, Nien-Ching Han, Tammy J. Bullwinkle, Kaeli F. Loeb, Kym F. Faull, Kyle Mohler, Jesse Rinehart, Michael Ibba

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

β-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) is a nonproteinogenic amino acid that has been associated with neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). BMAA has been found in human protein extracts; however, the mechanism by which it enters the proteome is still unclear. It has been suggested that BMAA is misincorporated at serine codons during protein synthesis, but direct evidence of its cotranslational incorporation is currently lacking. Here, using LC-MS–purified BMAA and several biochemical assays, we sought to determine whether any aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS) utilizes BMAA as a substrate for aminoacylation. Despite BMAA's previously predicted ...


Nad(H) Phosphates Mediate Tetramer Assembly Of Human C-Terminal Binding Protein (Ctbp), Jeffry C. Nichols, Celia A. Schiffer, William E. Royer 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Nad(H) Phosphates Mediate Tetramer Assembly Of Human C-Terminal Binding Protein (Ctbp), Jeffry C. Nichols, Celia A. Schiffer, William E. Royer

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

C-terminal binding proteins (CtBPs) are co-transcriptional factors that play key roles in cell fate. We have previously shown that NAD(H) promotes the assembly of similar tetramers from either human CtBP1 and CtBP2 and that CtBP2 tetramer destabilizing mutants are defective for oncogenic activity. To assist structure-based design efforts for compounds that disrupt CtBP tetramerization, it is essential to understand how NAD(H) triggers tetramer assembly. Here, we investigate the moieties within NAD(H) that are responsible for triggering tetramer formation. Using multi-angle light scattering (MALS) we show that ADP is able to promote tetramer formation of both CtBP1 and ...


Synergistic Interactions Of Ionic Liquids And Antimicrobials Improve Drug Efficacy., Daniel D Yang, Nicholas J Paterna, Alexandria S Senetra, Kaitlyn R Casey, Phillip D Trieu, Gregory A. Caputo, Timothy Vaden, Benjamin Carone 2021 Rowan University

Synergistic Interactions Of Ionic Liquids And Antimicrobials Improve Drug Efficacy., Daniel D Yang, Nicholas J Paterna, Alexandria S Senetra, Kaitlyn R Casey, Phillip D Trieu, Gregory A. Caputo, Timothy Vaden, Benjamin Carone

Faculty Scholarship for the College of Science & Mathematics

Combinations of ionic liquids (ILs) with antimicrobial compounds have been shown to produce synergistic activities in model liposomes. In this study, imidazolium chloride-based ILs with alkyl tail length variations are combined with commercially available, small-molecule antimicrobials to examine the potential for combinatorial and synergistic antimicrobial effects on P. aeruginosa, E. coli, S. aureus, and S. cerevisiae. The effects of these treatments in a human cell culture model indicate the cytotoxic limits of ILs paired with antimicrobials. The analysis of these ILs demonstrates that the length of the alkyl chain on the IL molecule is proportional to both antimicrobial activity and ...


A Global Review On Short Peptides: Frontiers And Perspectives, Vasso Apostolopoulos, Joanna Bojarska, Tsun-Thai Chai, Sherif Elnagdy, Krzysztof Kaczmarek, John Matsoukas, Roger New, Keykavous Parang, Octavio Paredes Lopez, Hamideh Parhiz, Conrad O. Perera, Monica Pickholz, Milan Remko, Michele Saviano, Mariusz Skwarczynski, Yefeng Tang, Wojciech M. Wolf, Taku Yoshiya, Janusz Zabrocki, Piotr Zielenkiewicz, Maha AlKhazindar, Vanessa Barriga, Konstantinos Kelaidonis, Elham Mousavinezhad Sarasia, Istvan Toth 2021 Victoria University

A Global Review On Short Peptides: Frontiers And Perspectives, Vasso Apostolopoulos, Joanna Bojarska, Tsun-Thai Chai, Sherif Elnagdy, Krzysztof Kaczmarek, John Matsoukas, Roger New, Keykavous Parang, Octavio Paredes Lopez, Hamideh Parhiz, Conrad O. Perera, Monica Pickholz, Milan Remko, Michele Saviano, Mariusz Skwarczynski, Yefeng Tang, Wojciech M. Wolf, Taku Yoshiya, Janusz Zabrocki, Piotr Zielenkiewicz, Maha Alkhazindar, Vanessa Barriga, Konstantinos Kelaidonis, Elham Mousavinezhad Sarasia, Istvan Toth

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Peptides are fragments of proteins that carry out biological functions. They act as signaling entities via all domains of life and interfere with protein-protein interactions, which are indispensable in bio-processes. Short peptides include fundamental molecular information for a prelude to the symphony of life. They have aroused considerable interest due to their unique features and great promise in innovative bio-therapies. This work focusing on the current state-of-the-art short peptide-based therapeutical developments is the first global review written by researchers from all continents, as a celebration of 100 years of peptide therapeutics since the commencement of insulin therapy in the 1920s ...


Site-Specific Incorporation Of Citrulline Into Proteins In Mammalian Cells, Santanu Mondal, Shu Wang, Yunan Zheng, Sudeshna Sen, Abhishek Chatterjee, Paul R. Thompson 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Site-Specific Incorporation Of Citrulline Into Proteins In Mammalian Cells, Santanu Mondal, Shu Wang, Yunan Zheng, Sudeshna Sen, Abhishek Chatterjee, Paul R. Thompson

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Citrullination is a post-translational modification (PTM) of arginine that is crucial for several physiological processes, including gene regulation and neutrophil extracellular trap formation. Despite recent advances, studies of protein citrullination remain challenging due to the difficulty of accessing proteins homogeneously citrullinated at a specific site. Herein, we report a technology that enables the site-specific incorporation of citrulline (Cit) into proteins in mammalian cells. This approach exploits an engineered E. coli-derived leucyl tRNA synthetase-tRNA pair that incorporates a photocaged-citrulline (SM60) into proteins in response to a nonsense codon. Subsequently, SM60 is readily converted to Cit with light in vitro and in ...


Evaluation Of Antipsychotic Activity Of Ethanolic Bark Extract Of Myrica Esculenta In Rats, Biswash Sapkota, Ankit Acharya, Bishal Dangi, Annegowda HV 2020 Sri Adichunchanagiri College of Pharmacy, B.G. Nagar-571448, India

Evaluation Of Antipsychotic Activity Of Ethanolic Bark Extract Of Myrica Esculenta In Rats, Biswash Sapkota, Ankit Acharya, Bishal Dangi, Annegowda Hv

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The antipsychotic properties of Myrica esculenta stem bark were evaluated. The stem bark was collected, shade dried, and pulverized. Extraction was carried out with 70% ethanol by occasional shaking. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the extract was investigated in this study. Antipsychotic activity was evaluated against apomorphine-induced stereotypy using cook’s pole climbing apparatus and haloperidol-induced catalepsy models. Bioamine determination of noradrenaline and dopamine was also performed. The extract contains phytochemicals, including glycosides, flavonoids, volatile oils, proteins, saponins, phenolics, and tannins. The result showed decreased apomorphine-induced stereotyped behavior. This study reported significant dose-dependent potentiation of haloperidol-induced catalepsy in rats and a ...


Cd47 Differentially Regulates White And Brown Fat Function, Heather Norman-Burgdolf, Dong Li, Patrick G. Sullivan, Shuxia Wang 2020 University of Kentucky

Cd47 Differentially Regulates White And Brown Fat Function, Heather Norman-Burgdolf, Dong Li, Patrick G. Sullivan, Shuxia Wang

Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications

Mechanisms that enhance energy expenditure are attractive therapeutic targets for obesity. Previously we have demonstrated that mice lacking cd47 are leaner, exhibit increased energy expenditure, and are protected against diet-induced obesity. In this study, we further defined the physiological role of cd47 deficiency in regulating mitochondrial function and energy expenditure in both white and brown adipose tissue. We observed that cd47 deficient mice (under normal chow diet) had comparable amount of white fat mass but reduced white adipocyte size as compared to wild-type mice. Subsequent ex vivo and in vitro studies suggest enhanced lipolysis, and not impaired lipogenesis or energy ...


Structural Characterization And In Vitro Lipid Binding Studies Of Non-Specific Lipid Transfer Protein 1 (Nsltp1) From Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare) Seeds, Mekdes Megeressa, Bushra Siraj, Shamshad Zarina, Aftab Ahmed 2020 Chapman University

Structural Characterization And In Vitro Lipid Binding Studies Of Non-Specific Lipid Transfer Protein 1 (Nsltp1) From Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare) Seeds, Mekdes Megeressa, Bushra Siraj, Shamshad Zarina, Aftab Ahmed

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Non-specific lipid transfer proteins (nsLTPs) are cationic proteins involved in intracellular lipid shuttling in growth and reproduction, as well as in defense against pathogenic microbes. Even though the primary and spatial structures of some nsLTPs from different plants indicate their similar features, they exhibit distinct lipid-binding specificities signifying their various biological roles that dictate further structural study. The present study determined the complete amino acid sequence, in silico 3D structure modeling, and the antiproliferative activity of nsLTP1 from fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) seeds. Fennel is a member of the family Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region. It ...


An Update Of The Virion Proteome Of Kaposi Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus, Ramina Nabiee, Basir Syed, Jesus Ramirez Castano, Rukhsana Lalani, Jennifer Totonchy 2020 Chapman University

An Update Of The Virion Proteome Of Kaposi Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus, Ramina Nabiee, Basir Syed, Jesus Ramirez Castano, Rukhsana Lalani, Jennifer Totonchy

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The virion proteins of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) were initially characterized in 2005 in two separate studies that combined the detection of 24 viral proteins and a few cellular components via LC-MS/MS or MALDI-TOF. Despite considerable advances in the sensitivity and specificity of mass spectrometry instrumentation in recent years, leading to significantly higher yields in detections, the KSHV virion proteome has not been revisited. In this study, we have re-examined the protein composition of purified KSHV virions via ultra-high resolution Qq time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHR-QqTOF). Our results confirm the detection of all previously reported virion proteins, in addition to ...


Analysis Of Kshv B Lymphocyte Lineage Tropism In Human Tonsil Reveals Efficient Infection Of Cd138+ Plasma Cells, Farizeh Aalam, Ramina Nabiee, Jesus Ramirez Castano, Jennifer Totonchy 2020 Chapman University

Analysis Of Kshv B Lymphocyte Lineage Tropism In Human Tonsil Reveals Efficient Infection Of Cd138+ Plasma Cells, Farizeh Aalam, Ramina Nabiee, Jesus Ramirez Castano, Jennifer Totonchy

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Despite 25 years of research, the basic virology of Kaposi Sarcoma Herpesviruses (KSHV) in B lymphocytes remains poorly understood. This study seeks to fill critical gaps in our understanding by characterizing the B lymphocyte lineage-specific tropism of KSHV. Here, we use lymphocytes derived from 40 human tonsil specimens to determine the B lymphocyte lineages targeted by KSHV early during de novo infection in our ex vivo model system. We characterize the immunological diversity of our tonsil specimens and determine that overall susceptibility of tonsil lymphocytes to KSHV infection varies substantially between donors. We demonstrate that a variety of B lymphocyte ...


Lc–Ms/Ms-Based In Vitro And In Vivo Investigation Of Blood–Brain Barrier Integrity By Simultaneous Quantitation Of Mannitol And Sucrose, Behnam Noorani, Ekram Ahmed Chowdhury, Faleh Alqahtani, Yeseul Ahn, Dhavalkumar Patel, Abraham Al-Ahmad, Reza Mehvar, Ulrich Bickel 2020 Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

Lc–Ms/Ms-Based In Vitro And In Vivo Investigation Of Blood–Brain Barrier Integrity By Simultaneous Quantitation Of Mannitol And Sucrose, Behnam Noorani, Ekram Ahmed Chowdhury, Faleh Alqahtani, Yeseul Ahn, Dhavalkumar Patel, Abraham Al-Ahmad, Reza Mehvar, Ulrich Bickel

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Understanding the pathophysiology of the blood brain–barrier (BBB) plays a critical role in diagnosis and treatment of disease conditions. Applying a sensitive and specific LC–MS/MS technique for the measurement of BBB integrity with high precision, we have recently introduced non-radioactive [13C12]sucrose as a superior marker substance. Comparison of permeability markers with different molecular weight, but otherwise similar physicochemical properties, can provide insights into the uptake mechanism at the BBB. Mannitol is a small hydrophilic, uncharged molecule that is half the size of sucrose. Previously only radioactive [3H]mannitol or [14C]mannitol ...


Overcoming Barriers For Sirna Therapeutics: From Bench To Bedside, Muhammad Imran Sajid, Muhammad Moazzam, Shun Kato, Kayley Yeseom Cho, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari 2020 Chapman University

Overcoming Barriers For Sirna Therapeutics: From Bench To Bedside, Muhammad Imran Sajid, Muhammad Moazzam, Shun Kato, Kayley Yeseom Cho, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The RNA interference (RNAi) pathway possesses immense potential in silencing any gene in human cells. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) can efficiently trigger RNAi silencing of specific genes. FDA Approval of siRNA therapeutics in recent years garnered a new hope in siRNA therapeutics. However, their therapeutic use is limited by several challenges. siRNAs, being negatively charged, are membrane-impermeable and highly unstable in the systemic circulation. In this review, we have comprehensively discussed the extracellular barriers, including enzymatic degradation of siRNAs by serum endonucleases and RNAases, rapid renal clearance, membrane impermeability, and activation of the immune system. Besides, we have thoroughly described ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress