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Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Modulation Of Hypoxia-Induced Chemoresistance To Polymeric Micellar Cisplatin: The Effect Of Ligand Modification Of Micellar Carrier Versus Inhibition Of The Mediators Of Drug Resistance, Hoda Soleymani Abyaneh, Amir Hassan Soleimani, Mohammad Reza Vakili, Rania Soudy, Kamaljit Kaur, Francesco Cuda, Ali Tavassoli, Afsaneh Lavasanifar 2018 University of Alberta

Modulation Of Hypoxia-Induced Chemoresistance To Polymeric Micellar Cisplatin: The Effect Of Ligand Modification Of Micellar Carrier Versus Inhibition Of The Mediators Of Drug Resistance, Hoda Soleymani Abyaneh, Amir Hassan Soleimani, Mohammad Reza Vakili, Rania Soudy, Kamaljit Kaur, Francesco Cuda, Ali Tavassoli, Afsaneh Lavasanifar

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Hypoxia can induce chemoresistance, which is a significant clinical obstacle in cancer therapy. Here, we assessed development of hypoxia-induced chemoresistance (HICR) against free versus polymeric cisplatin micelles in a triple negative breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231. We then explored two strategies for the modulation of HICR against cisplatin micelles: a) the development of actively targeted micelles; and b) combination therapy with modulators of HICR in MDA-MB-231 cells. Actively targeted cisplatin micelles were prepared through surface modification of acetal-poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(-carboxyl-"-caprolactone) (acetal-PEO-PCCL) micelles with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeting peptide, GE11 (YHWYGYTPQNVI). Our results showed that hypoxia ...


Correcting Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency With A Small-Molecule Activator, Sunhee Hwang, Karen Mruk, Simin Rahighi, Andrew G. Raub, Che-Hong Chen, Lisa E. Dorn, Naoki Horikoshi, Soichi Wakatsuki, James K. Chen, Daria Mochly-Rosen 2018 Stanford University

Correcting Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency With A Small-Molecule Activator, Sunhee Hwang, Karen Mruk, Simin Rahighi, Andrew G. Raub, Che-Hong Chen, Lisa E. Dorn, Naoki Horikoshi, Soichi Wakatsuki, James K. Chen, Daria Mochly-Rosen

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, one of the most common human genetic enzymopathies, is caused by over 160 different point mutations and contributes to the severity of many acute and chronic diseases associated with oxidative stress, including hemolytic anemia and bilirubin-induced neurological damage particularly in newborns. As no medications are available to treat G6PD deficiency, here we seek to identify a small molecule that corrects it. Crystallographic study and mutagenesis analysis identify the structural and functional defect of one common mutant (Canton, R459L). Using high-throughput screening, we subsequently identify AG1, a small molecule that increases the activity of the wild-type, the ...


Astromimetics: The Dawn Of A New Era For (Bio)Materials Science?, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu 2018 Chapman University

Astromimetics: The Dawn Of A New Era For (Bio)Materials Science?, Vuk Uskoković, Victoria M. Wu

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Composite, multifunctional fine particles are likely to be at the frontier of materials science in the foreseeable future. Here we present a submicron composite particle that mimics the stratified structure of the Earth by having a zero-valent iron core, a silicate/silicide mantle, and a thin carbonaceous crust resembling the biosphere and its biotic deposits. Particles were formulated in a stable colloidal form and made to interact with various types of healthy and cancer cells in vitro. A selective anticancer activity was observed, promising from the point of view of the intended use of the particles for tumor targeting across ...


Targeting Neuropeptides To Bone Fractures For Accelerated Healing, Nicholas A. Young, Jeffery J. Nielsen, Philip S. Low 2018 Purdue University

Targeting Neuropeptides To Bone Fractures For Accelerated Healing, Nicholas A. Young, Jeffery J. Nielsen, Philip S. Low

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

In patients over the age of 65 especially, bone fractures represent a significant disease burden. Non-invasive drug therapies are not available for bone fractures which represents a problem for this population. Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide (PACAP), two neuromodulator peptides in the glucagon superfamily, have demonstrated positive regulation of osteoblast proliferation and activity. Using acidic oligopeptides, we have developed ligands that target to and accumulate at fracture sites. These targeting ligands can be synthesized in sequence with bone anabolic peptides to minimize off target effects and increase potency at the fracture site to create safer and ...


Determining The Effect Of Locally Delivered Bioactive Modulators On Macrophage Activation At The Implantation Site Of Different Biomaterials In Rats, Kamel Alkhatib 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Determining The Effect Of Locally Delivered Bioactive Modulators On Macrophage Activation At The Implantation Site Of Different Biomaterials In Rats, Kamel Alkhatib

Theses and Dissertations

Altering the foreign body reaction by targeting macrophages has been of interest in the biomaterials field to improve the integration of longevity of implanted biomedical devices. The objective of this dissertation was to study the effect of locally delivered bioactive modulators on macrophage activation at the implantation site of different biomaterials in rats. Iloprost, a prostacyclin analog, was tested for its ability to direct macrophages to their pro-wound healing phenotype after the implantation of microdialysis probe in the subcutaneous space of male Sprague Dawley rats. This study showed that iloprost can shift macrophage activation states in vivo to the pro-wound ...


A V-To-F Substitution In Sk2 Channels Causes Ca2+ Hypersensitivity And Improves Locomotion In A C. Elegans Als Model, Young-Woo Nam, Sabia N. Baskoylu, Dimitris Gazgalis, Razan Orfali, Meng Cui, Anne C. Hart, Miao Zhang 2018 Chapman University

A V-To-F Substitution In Sk2 Channels Causes Ca2+ Hypersensitivity And Improves Locomotion In A C. Elegans Als Model, Young-Woo Nam, Sabia N. Baskoylu, Dimitris Gazgalis, Razan Orfali, Meng Cui, Anne C. Hart, Miao Zhang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (SK) channels mediate medium afterhyperpolarization in the neurons and play a key role in the regulation of neuronal excitability. SK channels are potential drug targets for ataxia and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). SK channels are activated exclusively by the Ca2+-bound calmodulin. Previously, we identified an intrinsically disordered fragment that is essential for the mechanical coupling between Ca2+/calmodulin binding and channel opening. Here, we report that substitution of a valine to phenylalanine (V407F) in the intrinsically disordered fragment caused a ~6 fold increase in the Ca2+ sensitivity of SK2-a channels. This substitution resulted in a ...


Lipopolysaccharide Induced Map Kinase Activation In Raw 264.7 Cells Attenuated By Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles, Vellaisamy Selvaraj, Niraj Nepa, Steven Rogers, Nandini D.P.K. Manne, Ravi K. Arvapalli, Kevin M. Rice, Shinichi Asano, Erin Fankenhanel, J. Y. Ma, Tolou Shokuhfar, Mani Maheshwari, Eric R. Blough 2018 Marshall University

Lipopolysaccharide Induced Map Kinase Activation In Raw 264.7 Cells Attenuated By Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles, Vellaisamy Selvaraj, Niraj Nepa, Steven Rogers, Nandini D.P.K. Manne, Ravi K. Arvapalli, Kevin M. Rice, Shinichi Asano, Erin Fankenhanel, J. Y. Ma, Tolou Shokuhfar, Mani Maheshwari, Eric R. Blough

Mani Maheshwari

High mortality rates are associated with the life threatening disease of sepsis. Improvements in septic patient survivability have failed to materialize with currently available treatments. This article represents data regarding a study published in biomaterials (Vellaisamy et al., Biomaterials, 2015, in press). with the purpose of evaluating whether severe sepsis mortality and associated hepatic dysfunction induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can be prevented by cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) treatment in male Sprague Dawley rats. Here we provide the information about the method and processing of raw data related to our study publish in Biomaterials and Data in Brief (Vellaisamy et al ...


Incidence, Risk Factors, And Prediction Of Gastrointestinal And Intracranial Bleeding In A Cohort Of Older Veterans Prescribed Oral Anticoagulants, Angela Laurio 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)

Incidence, Risk Factors, And Prediction Of Gastrointestinal And Intracranial Bleeding In A Cohort Of Older Veterans Prescribed Oral Anticoagulants, Angela Laurio

Dissertations and Theses

ABSTRACT

Incidence, Risk Factors, and Prediction of Gastrointestinal and

Intracranial Bleeding in a Cohort of Older Veterans Prescribed Oral Anticoagulants

by

Angela L. Laurio

Advisor: Marianne (Mimi) C. Fahs, PhD, MPH

Objectives:

The objectives of this dissertation were to: (1) describe and compare the incidence and odds of gastrointestinal and intracranial bleeding in veterans age 50 to 89 who were prescribed warfarin, direct oral anticoagulants, or no oral anticoagulants; (2) identify risk factors for gastrointestinal and intracranial bleeding among older veterans prescribed oral anticoagulants, and to calculate the relative risk of bleeding over time through time-to-event analysis; and (3) develop ...


Assessing Vancomycin Dosing Per Pharmacy In Elderly Patients Over The Age Of 74 Years, Lee H. Nguyen, Martin Breen, Jason Yamaki, Geraldine Cadalin, Nilomi Shah, Linda Lumintaintang 2018 Loma Linda University

Assessing Vancomycin Dosing Per Pharmacy In Elderly Patients Over The Age Of 74 Years, Lee H. Nguyen, Martin Breen, Jason Yamaki, Geraldine Cadalin, Nilomi Shah, Linda Lumintaintang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Vancomycin has a complex pharmacokinetic profile and carries potential risks for nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity. The pharmacokinetic profile in elderly patients significantly differs from that of younger patients. It is common practice in many institutions for pharmacists to intentionally round serum creatinine levels to 1 mg/dl in elderly patients with levels <1 mg/ dl to avoid overestimating clearance and toxicities. This can potentially lead to underestimation of creatinine clearance, and subsequently lead to vancomycin under dosing. The aim of this study was to evaluate vancomycin target trough attainment and the time to trough attainment with vancomycin dosing per pharmacy in elderly patients.


Site-Selective Modification Of Peptides And Proteins Via Organocatalyzed Henry Reaction, Zilma Pereira Muneeswaran 2018 Seton Hall University

Site-Selective Modification Of Peptides And Proteins Via Organocatalyzed Henry Reaction, Zilma Pereira Muneeswaran

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

In this research, peptides and protein containing serine on the N-terminus underwent site-selective modification following organocatalyzed bioconjugation that offered an additional functional group. It was shown that transforming the N-terminus serine to an aldehyde allowed site-specific bioconjugation to occur by utilizing the well-known Henry reaction. This method also grants a safer pathway for bioconjugation utilizing “green-chemistry” and biocompatible conditions. Amino acids and amino acid derived organocatalysts were utilized in the Henry reaction resulting in yields of up to 86 % conversion. Promising preliminary results were achieved in this research using peptides and myoglobin as the bioconjugation targets. Further investigation to be ...


Engineered Exosomes For Delivery Of Therapeutic Sirnas To Neurons, Reka A. Haraszti 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Engineered Exosomes For Delivery Of Therapeutic Sirnas To Neurons, Reka A. Haraszti

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Extracellular vesicles (EVs), exosomes and microvesicles, transfer endogenous RNAs between neurons over short and long distances. We have explored EVs for siRNA delivery to brain. (1) We optimized siRNA chemical modifications and siRNA conjugation to lipids for EV-mediated delivery. (2) We developed a GMP-compatible, scalable method to manufacture active EVs in bulk. (3) We characterized lipid and protein content of EVs in detail. (4) We established how protein and lipid composition relates to siRNA delivering activity of EVs, and we reverse engineered natural exosomes (small EVs) into artificial exosomes based on these data.

We established that cholesterol-conjugated siRNAs passively associate ...


Novel Determinants That Influence Azole Susceptibility In Candida Glabrata And Candida Albicans, Sarah Garland Whaley 2018 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Novel Determinants That Influence Azole Susceptibility In Candida Glabrata And Candida Albicans, Sarah Garland Whaley

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Despite the scientific and medical communities’ best efforts, the incidence of fungal infections in susceptible populations continues to rise. The most common cause of these opportunistic fungal infections is Candida. In fact, Candida is the fourth most common pathogen associated with nosocomial blood stream infections. Reported mortality rates for patients with candidemia vary, but have not decreased in the past fifteen years and are reported to be as high as 50%. Candida glabrata, second only to Candida albicans among Candida infections, expresses high rates of resistance to treatment with arguably the best class of currently available antifungals - the azoles.

Other ...


Synthesis And Cytotoxicity Of Azaheterocyclic Compounds, Keyur M. Pandya 2018 Rowan University

Synthesis And Cytotoxicity Of Azaheterocyclic Compounds, Keyur M. Pandya

Theses and Dissertations

Multicomponent coupling reactions (MCRs) have been known for a long time and one such reaction that utilizes isocyanides is Passerini reaction. It is a powerful tool to synthesize libraries of different compounds. Azaheterocyclic compounds play an important role in medicinal chemistry. Motifs such as imidazoles, piperazines, pyrazoles, pyridines, triazoles, etc. are routinely observed in several compounds of pharmacological interest. Several natural products also contain these motifs in them. We have undertaken a library synthesis of heterocyclic molecules driven by our group's long-standing interest of synthesizing medicinally relevant small molecules employing green chemistry techniques.

This thesis details our efforts on ...


Linear Ubiquitin Chain-Binding Domains, Lilian Fennell, Simin Rahighi, Fumiyo Ikeda 2018 Vienna BioCenter

Linear Ubiquitin Chain-Binding Domains, Lilian Fennell, Simin Rahighi, Fumiyo Ikeda

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Ubiquitin modification (ubiquitination) of target proteins can vary with respect to chain lengths, linkage type, and chain forms, such as homologous, mixed, and branched ubiquitin chains. Thus, ubiquitination can generate multiple unique surfaces on a target protein substrate. Ubiquitin‐binding domains (UBDs) recognize ubiquitinated substrates, by specifically binding to these unique surfaces, modulate the formation of cellular signaling complexes and regulate downstream signaling cascades. Among the eight different homotypic chain types, Met1‐linked (also termed linear) chains are the only chains in which linkage occurs on a non‐Lys residue of ubiquitin. Linear ubiquitin chains have been implicated in immune ...


A Study Of Albendazole And Artemisinin Drugs Under Electrochemical Oxidation, Zahilis A. Mazzochette 2018 Rowan University

A Study Of Albendazole And Artemisinin Drugs Under Electrochemical Oxidation, Zahilis A. Mazzochette

Theses and Dissertations

This work is aimed to investigate the metabolic behavior of albendazole and artemisinin. The electrochemical oxidation and reduction of these drugs were performed on electrode materials to mimic their metabolism in vivo using cyclic voltammetry and bulk electrolysis analysis. The oxidation of albendazole on gold electrode surface yielded albendazole sulfoxide and albendazole sulfone which are the main metabolites of this drug in vivo. Reduction of artemisinin on glassy carbon (GC) electrode surface yielded dihydroartemisinin and deoxy artemisinin. The formation of these products was monitored using liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry techniques. The redox processes for both drugs were shown to ...


Comparing The Side Effects Of Prescription Opioids And Medicinal Marijuana In The Treatment Of Chronic Pain, Callie Glenn, Ryan Bopp 2018 Carroll College - Helena

Comparing The Side Effects Of Prescription Opioids And Medicinal Marijuana In The Treatment Of Chronic Pain, Callie Glenn, Ryan Bopp

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Opioids are medications that interact with receptors in the central nervous system to provide pain relief, and have been a standard foundation for treatment of chronic pain since their discovery. But advancements in medical technology have led to the discovery of several alternatives to narcotics, one being medical marijuana. Cannabis has become increasingly pertinent in the medical field due to the medicinal and recreational legalization of the substance in several states. The purpose of this Evidence Based Practice Brief is to determine how the side effects of medical marijuana compared to those of opioid treatment affect quality of life for ...


Refrigerated Stability Of Diluted Cisatracurium, Rocuronium, And Vecuronium For Skin Testing After Perioperative Anaphylaxis, Kristen Dinsmore, Bethany Campbell, Timothy Archibald, Greg Mosier, Stacy Brown PhD, Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada MD 2018 East Tennessee State University

Refrigerated Stability Of Diluted Cisatracurium, Rocuronium, And Vecuronium For Skin Testing After Perioperative Anaphylaxis, Kristen Dinsmore, Bethany Campbell, Timothy Archibald, Greg Mosier, Stacy Brown Phd, Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada Md

Appalachian Student Research Forum

Rationale: The purpose of this study is to investigate the stored stability of dilutions of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs), namely cisatracurium, rocuronium, and vecuronium, for skin prick/intradermal testing.

Methods: Concentrations of NMBAs were monitored by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for a period of 14 days. Dilutions of NMBAs were prepared in saline by factors of 10x, 100x, 1,000x, 10,000x, and 100,000x as sensitivity of the assay allowed. Diluted drug products were stored in a laboratory refrigerator until sampling. On sampling days, aliquots of each dilution were removed and compared to a freshly prepared set of ...


Ajulemic Acid: Potential Treatment For Chronic Inflammation, Sumner Burstein 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Ajulemic Acid: Potential Treatment For Chronic Inflammation, Sumner Burstein

Open Access Articles

Ajulemic acid (AJA, CT-3, IP-751, JBT-101, anabasum) is a first-in-class, synthetic, orally active, cannabinoid-derived drug that preferentially binds to the CB2 receptor and is nonpsychoactive. In preclinical studies, and in Phase 1 and 2 clinical trials, AJA showed a favorable safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic profile. It also demonstrated significant efficacy in preclinical models of inflammation and fibrosis. It suppresses tissue scarring and stimulates endogenous eicosanoids that resolve chronic inflammation and fibrosis without causing immunosuppression. AJA is currently being developed for use in 4 separate but related indications including systemic sclerosis (SSc), cystic fibrosis, dermatomyositis (DM), and systemic lupus erythematosus. Phase ...


Novel Aminobenzoboroxoles As Potential Anti-Cancer Agents, Bhawankumar Pravinchandra Patel 2018 Rowan University

Novel Aminobenzoboroxoles As Potential Anti-Cancer Agents, Bhawankumar Pravinchandra Patel

Theses and Dissertations

Boronic acids are a promising class of compounds due to their wide range of applications in medicinal and materials chemistry, and as coupling agents in organic synthesis. B-hydroxy-1,2-oxaborolanes (benzoboroxoles) are categorized as cyclic boronic acid derivatives and they are very important organic molecules because of their metabolic stability and their ability to undergo important C-C bond forming reactions such as Suzuki cross coupling. Several of these cyclic boronic acids are found to have promising pharmacological properties as antifungal, antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agents. However, based on the literature reports, synthesis of highly functionalized benzoboroxoles is typically cumbersome and not very ...


Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of Metformin+Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors Compared To Metformin+Sulfonylureas For Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes, Christina S. Kwon, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio 2018 MCPHS University

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of Metformin+Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors Compared To Metformin+Sulfonylureas For Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes, Christina S. Kwon, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) typically use several drug treatments during their lifetime. There is a debate about the best second-line therapy after metformin monotherapy failure due to the increasing number of available antidiabetic drugs and the lack of comparative clinical trials of secondary treatment regimens. While prior research compared the cost-effectiveness of two alternative drugs, the literature assessing T2D treatment pathways is scarce. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term cost-effectiveness of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) compared to sulfonylureas (SU) as second-line therapy in combination with metformin in patients with T2D.

Methods: A Markov ...


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