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Full-Text Articles in Library and Information Science

Social Media And Research Visibility: Role Of Libraries, Shivanand Mulimani Apr 2024

Social Media And Research Visibility: Role Of Libraries, Shivanand Mulimani

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

In the digital age, the role of libraries in facilitating research visibility has undergone a significant transformation, propelled by the pervasive influence of social media platforms. This abstract explores the evolving relationship between social media and the amplification of research visibility through the lens of libraries. Academic libraries, traditionally known as repositories of knowledge, have adapted their functions to harness the potential of social media as a conduit for disseminating scholarly content to broader audiences. Libraries have strategically utilized social media platforms to enhance the discoverability and accessibility of research materials. By embracing platforms such as Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, and …


Identifying And Responding To Privacy Dark Patterns, Dominique Kelly, Jacquelyn Burkell Mar 2024

Identifying And Responding To Privacy Dark Patterns, Dominique Kelly, Jacquelyn Burkell

FIMS Publications

Privacy dark patterns are user interface design strategies intended to “nudge” users to reveal personal data, either directly or by enabling (or failing to disable) privacy-invasive platform/profile settings. Examples of privacy dark patterns on social media include defaults that enable the public display of posted content, warnings that follow attempts to reject personalized ads, and hidden “skip” buttons that make it more challenging to decline privacy-undermining requests such as to sync contacts.

Our project aims to minimize the impact of privacy dark patterns on Canadian youth. Building on our prior research documenting the use of these strategies on five social …


Approaches To Regulating Privacy Dark Patterns, Matthew Gaulton, Dominique Kelly, Jacquelyn Burkell Mar 2024

Approaches To Regulating Privacy Dark Patterns, Matthew Gaulton, Dominique Kelly, Jacquelyn Burkell

FIMS Publications

In this paper, we will evaluate new bills slated to replace the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) and offer stronger privacy dark pattern protections to Canadians.

Existing scholarship in the realm of privacy law, such as “Deceptive Design and Ongoing Consent in Privacy Law” by Jeremy Wiener and “Privacy Dark Patterns: A Case for Regulatory Reform in Canada” by Ademola Adeyoju, primarily focuses on creating frameworks for understanding privacy dark patterns in the law and explaining the pitfalls and legal inadequacies surrounding dark pattern legislation in Canada.

However, the aim of this paper diverges significantly. While acknowledging …


Identifying Dark Patterns In User Account Disabling Interfaces: Content Analysis Results, Dominique Kelly, Victoria L. Rubin Jan 2024

Identifying Dark Patterns In User Account Disabling Interfaces: Content Analysis Results, Dominique Kelly, Victoria L. Rubin

FIMS Publications

Dark patterns are user interface (UI) strategies deliberately designed to influence users to perform actions or make choices that benefit online service providers. This mixed methods study examines dark patterns employed by social networking sites (SNSs) with the intent to deter users from disabling accounts. We recorded our attempts to disable experimental accounts in 25 SNSs drawn from Alexa’s 2020 Top Sites list. As a result of our systematic content analysis of the recordings, we identified major types of dark patterns (Complete Obstruction, Temporary Obstruction, Obfuscation, Inducements to Reconsider, and Consequences) and unified them into a conceptual model, based on …


Social Media As Fragile State, Caroline A. Haythornthwaite, Philip Mai, Anatoliy Gruzd Jan 2024

Social Media As Fragile State, Caroline A. Haythornthwaite, Philip Mai, Anatoliy Gruzd

School of Information Studies - Faculty Scholarship

Social media platforms are grappling with how to respond to hate speech, misinformation, and political manipulation in ways that address human rights, free speech, and equality. As independent ‘states’, they are enacting their own rules of conduct, deriving their own ‘laws’, convening their own extrajudicial self regulatory institutions, and making their own interpretations and enactments of human rights. With the rise of social states such as Facebook, TikTok, X (formerly Twitter) and Reddit, how fragile are they in their ability to achieve outcomes of fair, equitable and consistent application of their own laws? Could an assessment of the fragility of …


The Impact Of Social Media On Charitable Giving For Nonprofit Organization, Namchul Shin Jan 2024

The Impact Of Social Media On Charitable Giving For Nonprofit Organization, Namchul Shin

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Research has extensively studied nonprofit organizations’ use of social media for communications and interactions with supporters. However, there has been limited research examining the impact of social media on charitable giving. This research attempts to address the gap by empirically examining the relationship between the use of social media and charitable giving for nonprofit organizations. We employ a data set of the Nonprofit Times’ top 100 nonprofits ranked by total revenue for the empirical analysis. As measures for social media traction, i.e., how extensively nonprofits draw supporters on their social media sites, we use Facebook Likes, Twitter Followers, and Instagram …


Social Media And User-Centric Approach: A Comprehensive Exploration, Suresh Madhavrao Manekar Dec 2023

Social Media And User-Centric Approach: A Comprehensive Exploration, Suresh Madhavrao Manekar

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The communication industry has skilled a significant model shift in recent times because of the ubiquitous impact of social media (Smith, 2021). In addition to reforming interpersonal communication, these platforms have emerged as vital channels for the dissemination of information and the development of societies (Jones et al., 2020). This chapter explores the transition towards a user-centric approach and the development of social media stages over time. This investigation is built upon the user-centric approach, which prioritises the customization of digital experiences according to individual preferences. It is crucial to grasp the multi-layered effects of social media on group domains, …


Radicalisation And Extremism On Social Media: What Steps Can Be Taken?, Emeka Williams Etumnu, Oluchi I. Williams-Etumnu Dec 2023

Radicalisation And Extremism On Social Media: What Steps Can Be Taken?, Emeka Williams Etumnu, Oluchi I. Williams-Etumnu

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Unarguably, the social media has brought the world together in an online space and as a result of this, extremist groups utilise the social media to radicalise people especially the youths who are vulnerable and fancy their ideology towards their cause. The paper was underpinned on public sphere theory and the desk research method was employed in the course of the study. It was revealed that social media plays a tremendous role towards radicalisation and extremism. The need for digital literacy, where rules can be made to assist individuals of all ages in developing critical thinking skills and building resilience …


Are We Cringey?: Evaluating Social Media Strategies For Younger Audiences, Kathleen Schipano, Loren Mixon Nov 2023

Are We Cringey?: Evaluating Social Media Strategies For Younger Audiences, Kathleen Schipano, Loren Mixon

Library Faculty Presentations

Have you ever stopped before posting to think, “Is this cringey?” Have you ever felt stuck or unsure of how to leverage social media to connect to your patrons? In this session, we will talk about key methods for staying on trend, taking the temperature of your audience, and finding ways to share your message that will resonate with younger audiences. You will see examples of workflow and idea creation while exploring trending media to develop skills to connect to students and patrons where they are.


Reinvigorating Library Outreach: Books, Blogs, & Newsletters, Sarah Bull, Jonathan Wilson Oct 2023

Reinvigorating Library Outreach: Books, Blogs, & Newsletters, Sarah Bull, Jonathan Wilson

ETSU Faculty Works

The Charles C. Sherrod Library at East Tennessee State University serves a student population of roughly 15,000 in addition to a faculty and staff population of around 5,000. In order to effectively reach these populations, the library has developed an outreach strategy which uses Constant Contact for newsletter and other mass email messaging, and Springshare for blog posting. This session will explore the Sherrod Library’s usage of these two services, our best practices, and what has and has not worked for us. In addition, Participants will be given the opportunity to share their own experiences via an online quiz and …


Information Needs Of Korean Immigrants In The United States: Selection And Use Of Social Media, Tae Hee Lee Aug 2023

Information Needs Of Korean Immigrants In The United States: Selection And Use Of Social Media, Tae Hee Lee

Theses and Dissertations

This mixed-method study investigates the information needs of Korean immigrants on social media and their selection and use of social media for finding information in the United States. The study was designed to answer six research questions: 1) What are the top types of information needs on social media that Korean immigrants fulfill during their everyday lives in the United States?; 2) What types of social media do Korean immigrants most frequently use during their everyday lives in the United States for different types of information needs?; 3) Are there any relationships between the types of social media Korean immigrants …


Digital Literacy In The Age Of Social Media, Caroline A. Haythornthwaite Jul 2023

Digital Literacy In The Age Of Social Media, Caroline A. Haythornthwaite

School of Information Studies - Faculty Scholarship

For many years media literacy has addressed ways of verifying information, and information literacy has addressed finding information and understanding its production. But today’s social media takes us out of the realm of standard information sources to open, online discussion. The volatility of these environments suggests the need for social media literacy that complements both media and information literacy. This talk takes up the topic of social media literacy, highlighting what is different in these environments, and what will help make literate social media participants. The presentation reviews contemporary ideas about literacy and discusses the contemporary trends in understanding literacy: …


Uk Libraries' "Wildcat Histories:" Preserving Student Activist Social Media Content, Ruth E. Bryan, Taylor C. Leigh, Emily B. Collier Jul 2023

Uk Libraries' "Wildcat Histories:" Preserving Student Activist Social Media Content, Ruth E. Bryan, Taylor C. Leigh, Emily B. Collier

Library Presentations

In this presentation, we describe the current web archiving program at the University of Kentucky Libraries; provide an overview of the "Wildcat Histories" activist student organization social media preservation project, funded by Project STAND; discuss the technical aspects of the "Wildcat Histories" project; and the project's current status and lessons learned.


Knowledge Sharing In Social Media: A Systematic Literature Review, Md. Armanul Haque, Xiaojuan Zhang, Zihadur Rahman, Amitav Saha Jun 2023

Knowledge Sharing In Social Media: A Systematic Literature Review, Md. Armanul Haque, Xiaojuan Zhang, Zihadur Rahman, Amitav Saha

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Emerging new technologies, especially the way information technology is changing, have a big impact on many parts of people's lives. For example, modern social media platforms have changed how people interact, share information and talk to each other. Social media (SM) is becoming more and more useful as a way to improve communication and knowledge sharing (KS), not just between people but also between businesses. This trend has been closely watched by both professionals and academics. Even though research in this area is growing quickly and in a big way, there haven't been many attempts to look at the results …


Preservation Perseverance: Archiving Social Media Content, A University Of Kentucky/Latino Student Union Collaboration, Ruth E. Bryan, Taylor C. Leigh, Emily B. Collier Jun 2023

Preservation Perseverance: Archiving Social Media Content, A University Of Kentucky/Latino Student Union Collaboration, Ruth E. Bryan, Taylor C. Leigh, Emily B. Collier

Library Presentations

The voices of activist student leaders and organizations are crucial to preserve, whether it be in a formal archives or as part of an archiving process undertaken by individuals and groups to preserve their legacies. Increasingly, these voices are found in social media and other online and web platforms that are difficult to preserve. Wildcat Histories is a year-long, grant-funded collaboration between the University of Kentucky Libraries and the University of Kentucky Latino Student Union (LSU) to research the best technologies for (as of July 2023) and then carry out the preservation of activist student organization social media content. The …


Application Of Social Media In Marketing Library Resources And Services At Kyambogo University Library, Uganda, Eric Keziron Oloo, David Luyombya May 2023

Application Of Social Media In Marketing Library Resources And Services At Kyambogo University Library, Uganda, Eric Keziron Oloo, David Luyombya

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study examined the application of social media (SM) in marketing library resources and services at Kyambogo University Library (KYUL). The study adopted a mixed method utilizing both quantitative and qualitative research approaches. The study revealed that: KYUL uses WhatsApp, Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube to market its resources and services. Other channels were Websites, emails, displays of new information resources, flyers, newsletters, user orientations, posters, and exhibitions. SM is considered a vital library marketing platform. However, the respondents raised various impediments to successful SM at KYUL. Based on the findings, the study made conclusions and recommendations.


Supporting Account-Based Queries For Archived Instagram Posts, Himarsha R. Jayanetti May 2023

Supporting Account-Based Queries For Archived Instagram Posts, Himarsha R. Jayanetti

Computer Science Theses & Dissertations

Social media has become one of the primary modes of communication in recent times, with popular platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram leading the way. Despite its popularity, Instagram has not received as much attention in academic research compared to Facebook and Twitter, and its significant role in contemporary society is often overlooked. Web archives are making efforts to preserve social media content despite the challenges posed by the dynamic nature of these sites. The goal of our research is to facilitate the easy discovery of archived copies, or mementos, of all posts belonging to a specific Instagram account …


Current Prospects And Practices Of Social Media To Market Library Sources And Services: A Case Of Selected University Libraries Of Pakistan, Anwar Muhammad Mr, Tang Zhiwei Dr Apr 2023

Current Prospects And Practices Of Social Media To Market Library Sources And Services: A Case Of Selected University Libraries Of Pakistan, Anwar Muhammad Mr, Tang Zhiwei Dr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Purpose: the prime purpose of this research study is to investigate the application of social media in the marketing of library sources and Services in the university libraries of Pakistan.

Research Design/Methodology/approach: Data were gathered using a survey method and a quantitative research methodology. The Pakistani university librarians were the source of the data, which was gathered both offline and online. With the aid of SPSS and other analysis software, 100 valid responses in all have been examined.

Findings: the Research findings revealed that university librarians of Pakistan are well aware of the very application of social media in the …


Performance Expectancy And Use Of Social Media For Marketing By Staff Of Selected Publishing Firms In South-West, Nigeria, Osarobu E. Igudia Dr, Solomon Tosin Ogunsina Mr Apr 2023

Performance Expectancy And Use Of Social Media For Marketing By Staff Of Selected Publishing Firms In South-West, Nigeria, Osarobu E. Igudia Dr, Solomon Tosin Ogunsina Mr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Social media are platforms through which people of the different networks create, share and exchange information, ideas and also market products such as books in a virtual community. They are instruments for communication that do not just pass information but interact with customers. Since many benefits are derivable from the use of social media for marketing, it becomes imperative to investigate how book marketers use social media to achieve the objectives of their organisations. This study adopted a descriptive research design of correlational type. The population of the study was 212 marketing and sales staff of selected publishing firms. The …


Effects Of Social Media On Students’ Academic Performance In Nigerian Universities: A Case Study Of University Of Jos, Joyce Siman Mangden, Rhoda Danladi Diyoshak Cln Mar 2023

Effects Of Social Media On Students’ Academic Performance In Nigerian Universities: A Case Study Of University Of Jos, Joyce Siman Mangden, Rhoda Danladi Diyoshak Cln

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The Internet, and in particular, social media platforms such as Facebook, WhatsApps, YouTube and many others, are obviously “overtaking the world” and could be regarded as “a global consumer phenomenon”. Social media usage is one of the most common activities among children, adolescents, and emerging adults nowadays. It offers today’s youth a portal for entertainment and communication and it is becoming one of the main platforms for accessing information and news. This aggressive adoption of social media among the younger generation could be attributed to their up to date knowledge of the latest technology and convenient accessibility to these social …


Student Information Use During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Heather A. Howard, Annette Bochenek, Zoeanna A. Mayhook, Trena Trowbridge, Steven Lux Mar 2023

Student Information Use During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Heather A. Howard, Annette Bochenek, Zoeanna A. Mayhook, Trena Trowbridge, Steven Lux

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Since early 2020, life for students has changed tremendously. It has been a time of stress, turmoil, and trauma for students. Researchers from a large Midwestern university wanted to determine how student information use has changed during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper examines the results of a mixed-methods study undertaken in 2021 using surveys and follow-up focus groups to determine if and how student information use has changed. To answer this, we explored student use of news sources, social media sources, political affiliations, and information responses, coupled with to what extent these factors demonstrate or impact potential changes in information …


Glow Up Your Youtube Playlist: Video Bangers, Branding And More Educational Technology, Aamir Abdullah, Havilah Joy-Steinmen Bakken, Rachel Evans, Valerie Horton, Jason Tubinis Mar 2023

Glow Up Your Youtube Playlist: Video Bangers, Branding And More Educational Technology, Aamir Abdullah, Havilah Joy-Steinmen Bakken, Rachel Evans, Valerie Horton, Jason Tubinis

Articles, Chapters and Online Publications

Tips for creating, growing, and maintaining your institution's YouTube channel and presence.


Documenting Privacy Dark Patterns: How Social Networking Sites Influence Users’ Privacy Choices, Dominique Kelly, Jacquelyn Burkell Jan 2023

Documenting Privacy Dark Patterns: How Social Networking Sites Influence Users’ Privacy Choices, Dominique Kelly, Jacquelyn Burkell

FIMS Publications

Dark patterns are user interface (UI) design strategies intended to influence users to make choices or perform actions that benefit online services. This study examines the dark patterns employed by social networking sites (SNSs) to influence users to make privacy-invasive choices. We documented the privacy dark patterns encountered in attempts to register an account, configure account settings, and log in and out for five SNSs popular among American teenagers (Discord, Twitter, Instagram, TikTok, and Snapchat). Based on our observations, we present a typology consisting of three major types of privacy dark patterns (Obstruction, Obfuscation, and Pressure) and 10 subtypes. These …


Improving The Effectiveness Of Using Social Media In Vietnamese Academic Libraries, Thi Phuong Chi Duong Jan 2023

Improving The Effectiveness Of Using Social Media In Vietnamese Academic Libraries, Thi Phuong Chi Duong

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

In recent decades, social media has moved from a fringe activity to one that is considered as central for library outreach and promotion. This study aims to explore the current state of using social media and factors affecting the use, then to suggest solutions to improve social media use in Vietnamese academic libraries. In the present study, a mix research methodology was used to achieve the research objectives. The results showed that social media is a marketing communication tool for academic libraries to transmit news, announcements and events. Social media also helps them introduce library resources to users, and implement …


Examining The Influence Of Awareness Tools On Library Electronic Resources: A Case Study Of The National Open University Of Nigeria (Noun), Babarotimi Oluwaseun, Babarotimi Opeyemi Oluwaseun Bo Jan 2023

Examining The Influence Of Awareness Tools On Library Electronic Resources: A Case Study Of The National Open University Of Nigeria (Noun), Babarotimi Oluwaseun, Babarotimi Opeyemi Oluwaseun Bo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study examines the influence of awareness tools on library electronic resources: a case study of the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) employing a quantitative research approach and survey methodology, the research targeted a sample population of 1,680, including 1,513 students, 140 academic staff members, and 27 academic librarians. A combination of probability (stratified random and systematic) and nonprobability (purposive) sampling methods were applied. The study employed online self-administered closed-ended questionnaires distributed through Google Forms to participants' emails. Data analysis was carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS).

Results revealed that both academic staff and …


Perceptions And Challenges In Accessing Library Electronic Resources: A Case Study Of The National Open University Of Nigeria (Noun), Babarotimi Oluwaseun, Babarotimi Opeyemi Oluwaseun Bo Jan 2023

Perceptions And Challenges In Accessing Library Electronic Resources: A Case Study Of The National Open University Of Nigeria (Noun), Babarotimi Oluwaseun, Babarotimi Opeyemi Oluwaseun Bo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study investigated user perceptions and challenges associated with accessing and utilizing electronic resources at the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN), including their implications for remote users. Using a quantitative research approach and survey methodology, the study involved 1,680 participants: 1,513 students, 140 academic staff, and 27 academic librarians. Employing a combination of probability (stratified random and systematic) and nonprobability (purposive) sampling ensured comprehensive representation. Participants completed self-administered closed-ended questionnaires distributed through online platforms, primarily Google Forms. Data collected underwent thorough analysis using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Findings indicated that the NOUN library offers access …


The Implementation Of Social Media Based Library Services At The Federal University Of Technology, Owerri (Futo), Nigeria., Kingsley Egbukole, Marlene A. Holmner Nov 2022

The Implementation Of Social Media Based Library Services At The Federal University Of Technology, Owerri (Futo), Nigeria., Kingsley Egbukole, Marlene A. Holmner

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Academic libraries are faced with the challenge of meeting the varied demands of users stemming from the ever-increasing different formats of information resources. These libraries around the world have thus adopted the use of social media -to render the required services to library users. FUTO library is experiencing serious challenges in the effort to accommodate the needs of its users - including the increasing number of users small reading spaces compared to the rising student population and the fact that many students live off-campus. This study investigates the possibility of adopting social media-based library services at the Federal University of …


Bounded Confidence: How Ai Could Exacerbate Social Media’S Homophily Problem, Dylan Weber, Scott Atran, Rich Davis Oct 2022

Bounded Confidence: How Ai Could Exacerbate Social Media’S Homophily Problem, Dylan Weber, Scott Atran, Rich Davis

New England Journal of Public Policy

The advent of the Internet was heralded as a revolutionary development in the democratization of information. It has emerged, however, that online discourse on social media tends to narrow the information landscape of its users. This dynamic is driven by the propensity of the network structure of social media to tend toward homophily; users strongly prefer to interact with content and other users that are similar to them. We review the considerable evidence for the ubiquity of homophily in social media, discuss some possible mechanisms for this phenomenon, and present some observed and hypothesized effects. We also discuss how the …


Awareness And Use Of Social Media: A Study Of Ict Students At Kwara State University, Nigeria, Abdrahman Atanda Moustapha Oct 2022

Awareness And Use Of Social Media: A Study Of Ict Students At Kwara State University, Nigeria, Abdrahman Atanda Moustapha

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The use of social networks among students at higher institutions has become popular and is widely celebrated amid criticism. This is because these social networks are changing the way people communicate, interact, and socialize. The purpose of this paper is to explore students' awareness and use of social media: a study of ICT students at Kwara State University, Nigeria. This study used a survey research method. The respondents were students’ faculty of information and communication technology, and the results reveal that the majority of respondents (91.4%) are familiar with social networks, have access to the Internet, and regularly use mobile …


Awareness Of Social Media Privacy & Security: A Study Among Engineering Students In Spsr Nellore Dist., A.P., Nagaraju Kuppugari Oct 2022

Awareness Of Social Media Privacy & Security: A Study Among Engineering Students In Spsr Nellore Dist., A.P., Nagaraju Kuppugari

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper presents the results of a study conducted on the engineering student’s awareness of social media privacy and security issues. For this purpose, the survey method was adopted and a questionnaire was administered among the engineering students. The results revealed that majority of the respondents (60.8 percent) are reading the privacy policies on social media Majority of the respondents (76.31 percent) are avoiding friend requests from unknown persons. The study recommends that the users of social media should not assume that all privacy policies are identical; they vary from one platform to another; also, they do not provide sufficient …