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Nutrition

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1072

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Variation In Nutritional Values Of Shrub Forages In The Pastoral Zone Of Western Australia, B. E. Norton, F. F. M. Daly, Gaye Krebs, K. Dodds May 2021

Variation In Nutritional Values Of Shrub Forages In The Pastoral Zone Of Western Australia, B. E. Norton, F. F. M. Daly, Gaye Krebs, K. Dodds

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Techniques To Improve The Volume, Texture And Nutritional Quality Of Gluten Free Bread, Zachary Christman May 2021

Techniques To Improve The Volume, Texture And Nutritional Quality Of Gluten Free Bread, Zachary Christman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

This article highlights the use of soy flour to improve the protein and fiber of gluten free bread. Also, the use of an extrusion process on soybean and corn flour blends improves the volume and texture of the bread. A full listing of the ingredients and method for production of higher quality gluten free bread is included.


How Background Factors Affect Culinary Skills And Knowledge, Mackenzie Harrell May 2021

How Background Factors Affect Culinary Skills And Knowledge, Mackenzie Harrell

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses

Students preparing to be registered dietitians must learn and retain culinary skills and knowledge so they can use it in their future career. If dietitians’ nutritional knowledge is limited to medical situations, they cannot educate the public about planning and preparing healthy meals. The purpose of this study was to determine if a student’s history of cooking, shopping for groceries, and other background factors affect culinary skills and knowledge, and to determine the appropriate curriculum for undergraduate students to prepare them for their career as a dietitian. This study was in part a continuation of an assessment conducted by ...


Exploring How Maternal Phosphorus Status Affects Calf Growth And Performance, Elizabeth Lafferty May 2021

Exploring How Maternal Phosphorus Status Affects Calf Growth And Performance, Elizabeth Lafferty

Animal Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study will focus on how maternal phosphorus status of beef heifers affects the growth and performance of their calves. Heifers have been offered free-choice mineral with either 0 or 4% supplemental phosphorus from 30 days after weaning until calving. A study by H. Hilfiker, a University of Arkansas honors student, investigated the effects of these treatments from 30 days after weaning until 60 days after the breeding season when heifers were confirmed to be bred or open. For this developing heifer project 64 crossbred Angus heifers were assigned randomly into 8 groups (8 heifers/ group) before assigning each group ...


How Covid19 Has Impacted Students Nutrition And Eating Habits With The Abrupt Closure Of Restaurants And Campuses, Chloe Sermet May 2021

How Covid19 Has Impacted Students Nutrition And Eating Habits With The Abrupt Closure Of Restaurants And Campuses, Chloe Sermet

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

With the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic causing college campuses, restaurants, and businesses to shut down, many college students found themselves having to return home or find alternative food resources. Due to these factors, it was imperative to examine how college student’s eating habits have changed throughout the pandemic, dealing with lots of stressors, and whether having prior education on nutrition influenced those eating habits. To examine those effects, 17 nutrition minors and 126 non-nutrition minors participated in the current study in which they took the College Students Eating Habit survey and the Perception of Peer Pressure Scale. The outcome of ...


Nutritional Data And Corresponding Performance Impacts Of Uri Student-Athletes, Abigael Fenbert May 2021

Nutritional Data And Corresponding Performance Impacts Of Uri Student-Athletes, Abigael Fenbert

Senior Honors Projects

This research project investigates the diets of various sport athletes at the University of Rhode Island. The question that this project aims to answer is if our athletes are meeting recommended daily values nutritionally, and if not, why? Research continues to grow regarding how performance implications are tied to varying nutritional disparities for athletes. Various studies show malnourishment leads to performance decline, increased injury risk, and improper recovery. This is influenced by factors such as deficits in caloric intake, macronutrient and micronutrient availability, and dehydration. For college athletes, a lack of food availability and nutritional knowledge leaves them especially predisposed ...


Effect Of Nutrition On Resilience In Adults With Childhood Trauma, Carrie Merrill, Nicole Wickstrom, Katie Munn, Timothy Mclaughlin Apr 2021

Effect Of Nutrition On Resilience In Adults With Childhood Trauma, Carrie Merrill, Nicole Wickstrom, Katie Munn, Timothy Mclaughlin

Thinking Matters Symposium

While previous studies have shown that healthy nutrition has a positive effect on our physical and emotional well-being (Marsman et al., 2018; Harbottle, 2019), it is unknown whether those benefits extend to individual levels of resilience among those who have suffered childhood trauma. The purpose of this research is to better understand how nutritional habits influence the relationship between childhood trauma and resilience. A Qualtrics survey design was used to collect data related to Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), resilience, and nutritional intake, and was sent via email to University of Southern Maine students and faculty of the school of social ...


The Interconnectivity Of Parkinson's Disease And Type Two Diabetes Mellitus, Erica Olfson Apr 2021

The Interconnectivity Of Parkinson's Disease And Type Two Diabetes Mellitus, Erica Olfson

Honors Theses

This thesis is about the biochemical connection between Parkinson's disease and Type II Diabetes Mellitus.


Preceptorship Within Accredited Nutrition And Dietetics Programs: A Pragmatic Mixed Methods Study, Angela K. Brekken Apr 2021

Preceptorship Within Accredited Nutrition And Dietetics Programs: A Pragmatic Mixed Methods Study, Angela K. Brekken

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

The purpose of this pragmatic mixed-methods study was to identify the factors that impact a nutrition professional’s preceptorship decision and potential solutions to combat preceptor shortages within accredited nutrition and dietetics programs. Homan’s social exchange theory provided the theoretical framework that if perceived costs of preceptorship outweigh the perceived benefits, then the activity will cease.

Phase one of the study included an online mixed-methods questionnaire. Phase two included a qualitative focus group and interview with self-identified volunteers from phase one. Quantitative analysis through SPSS included descriptive statistics (means and standard deviations) and inferential statistics (one-way ANOVA). Qualitative data ...


The Importance Of Nutrition And Preventing Malnutrition In Older Adults: A Literature Review And Informational Booklet, Sophie Johnson Apr 2021

The Importance Of Nutrition And Preventing Malnutrition In Older Adults: A Literature Review And Informational Booklet, Sophie Johnson

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Over years of studying nutrition science and gerontology, there was very little information in classes that combined these two important topics. Older adults are often classified as those above the age of 65 years old. There is a growing number of older adults in the United States, which increases the need for information on how nutrition and aging are interlaced. As humans age, multiple factors can impact nutrition. Nutrition involves consuming the proper amount of nutrients to maintain body function. There are physiological, physical, socioeconomic and medication factors that can all influence nutrition status. It is important to be aware ...


The Gut Microbiome, Lucy Patterson Mar 2021

The Gut Microbiome, Lucy Patterson

Osmosis Magazine

The gut microbiome is characterized as living microorganisms, including bacteria and viruses, and genetic material found within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. These microorganisms aid in the digestion and absorption of nutrients in food, and play an active role in the digestive process. However, recent evidence suggests that the gut microbiome is not only helpful in the digestion of food, but also could be linked to mental health and personality.


Magnesium’S Impact On Cannabis Sativa ‘Baox’ And ‘Suver Haze’ Growth And Cannabinoid Production, Patrick Veazie, Paul Cockson, David Logan, Brian Whipker Feb 2021

Magnesium’S Impact On Cannabis Sativa ‘Baox’ And ‘Suver Haze’ Growth And Cannabinoid Production, Patrick Veazie, Paul Cockson, David Logan, Brian Whipker

Journal of Agricultural Hemp Research

Limited research exists on the fertility needs for industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa) and the impact of fertility on plant growth and cannabinoids. Optimizing floral production for cannabinoid production and especially cannabidiol (CBD) production, is an economic goal for growers. Magnesium (Mg) is an essential nutrient for plant growth and plays many key roles in plant growth and when deficient leads to suboptimal plant growth. Six Mg fertility rates (0.0, 12.5, 25.0, 50.0, 75.0, and 100.0 mg·L-1) were evaluated to determine the optimal fertility for C. sativa on two High CBD-type cultivars ‘BaOx ...


Nutrients Intake By The Ile‐De‐France Lambs Fed Up With Diets Containing Sugar Cane Forage Variety Or Corn Silage, A. G. Silva Sobrinho, G. M. B. Moreno, A. G. Leão, C. M. B. Loureiro, A. A. M. Sampaio Feb 2021

Nutrients Intake By The Ile‐De‐France Lambs Fed Up With Diets Containing Sugar Cane Forage Variety Or Corn Silage, A. G. Silva Sobrinho, G. M. B. Moreno, A. G. Leão, C. M. B. Loureiro, A. A. M. Sampaio

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Fruit And Vegetable Consumption Behavior Among Asian Americans: A Thematic Analysis, Chia Liang Dai, Manoj Sharma, Taj Haider, Hema Sunchu Feb 2021

Fruit And Vegetable Consumption Behavior Among Asian Americans: A Thematic Analysis, Chia Liang Dai, Manoj Sharma, Taj Haider, Hema Sunchu

Teaching and Learning Faculty Publications

© The Author(s) 2021. Consuming 5 or more cups of fruits and vegetables (F & V) per day or 400 g/day for adults is advocated by most health authorities and has short-term and long-term health benefits. There have been numerous studies examining dietary behaviors among different US populations; however, the literature on F & V consumption behavior among Asian Americans (AAs) is sparse. AAs constitute a diverse group and as their population continues to grow in the US; there is a greater need to examine the health practices of AAs and their constituent subgroups. The study aimed to conduct a thematic analysis based on a scoping review of the peer-reviewed published literature over the past 15 years targeting F & V consumption among AAs. The thematic analysis was organized around the prevalence, consequences, determinants, and interventions (n = 33). AAs consuming recommended servings of F & V ranged from 0.5% to 20%. Correlations between the consumption of F & V and Body ...


Assessing Food Quality And Regulations At Homeless Shelters In Philadelphia, Emily Casaletto, Rickie Brawer, Phd, Mph, Mches Feb 2021

Assessing Food Quality And Regulations At Homeless Shelters In Philadelphia, Emily Casaletto, Rickie Brawer, Phd, Mph, Mches

Phase 1

Introduction: Nutritional diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and cholesterol disorders are particularly high among individuals experiencing homelessness in comparison to the general United States population, leading the propagation of chronic health conditions and overuse of expensive healthcare resources. In addition, the food served in homeless shelters is the main source of nutrition for those living in these shelters, most notably when there is no option for food storage available. Despite the disproportionate prevalence of nutrition-related diseases among the homeless population, there is limited research on the quality of the food provided in homeless shelters and there are few policies to ...


Science, Physiology, And Nutrition For The Nonscientist, Judi S. Morrill Jan 2021

Science, Physiology, And Nutrition For The Nonscientist, Judi S. Morrill

Open Educational Resources

A wonderful blend of physiology, nutrition, biochemistry, genetics, biology, evolution, chemistry--what we all need to know as informed citizens. A basic knowledge of the life sciences and how our bodies work--to promote our own good health, especially as we're bombarded with misleading advertisements, soundbites, and the like. DNA fingerprinting, calorie requirements, dietary advice, genetic engineering (including gene editing with CRISPR cas9)--all in an easy-to understand book.


A Short-Term Paleolithic Dietary Intervention Does Not Alter Adipokines Linked To Adiposity, Rachel M. Graff, Kristofer Jennings, Natalie A. Davies, Andres E. Carrillo, Emily C. Lavoy, Edward J. Ryan, Melissa M. Markofski Jan 2021

A Short-Term Paleolithic Dietary Intervention Does Not Alter Adipokines Linked To Adiposity, Rachel M. Graff, Kristofer Jennings, Natalie A. Davies, Andres E. Carrillo, Emily C. Lavoy, Edward J. Ryan, Melissa M. Markofski

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(2): 113-122, 2021. The Paleolithic diet, characterized by an emphasis on hunter-gatherer type foods accompanied by an exclusion of grains, dairy products, and highly processed food items, is often promoted for weight loss and a reduction in cardiometabolic disease risk factors. Specific adipokines, such as adiponectin, omentin, nesfatin, and vaspin are reported to be dysregulated with obesity and may respond favorably to diet-induced fat loss. We aimed to evaluate the effects of an eight-week Paleolithic dietary intervention on circulating adiponectin, omentin, nesfatin, and vaspin in a cohort of physically inactive, but otherwise healthy adults ...


Caregiver Knowledge And Perceptions Of Dementia-Specific Nutritional Approaches, Danielle Freitag Jan 2021

Caregiver Knowledge And Perceptions Of Dementia-Specific Nutritional Approaches, Danielle Freitag

All Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Dementia is a syndrome that affects millions worldwide. The syndrome can cause great distress not only for the diagnosed individual but also for the family and friends who provide care. It is known that many caregivers for people with dementia face difficulties in planning and preparing meals, feeding, and making nutritional decisions for their loved ones. Several diets have been shown to assist with dementia-related symptoms pre and post diagnosis. However, what is unknown is whether caregivers are aware of the benefits of these diets and what the barriers are to implementing them into their nutrition regime. This study surveyed ...


Nutritional Approaches To Slow Late Finishing Pig Growth: Implications On Carcass Composition And Pork Quality, Emma T. Helm, Jason W. Ross, John F. Patience, Steven M. Lonergan, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Laura L. Greiner, Leah M. Reever, Chad W. Hastad, Emily K. Arkfeld, Nicholas K. Gabler Jan 2021

Nutritional Approaches To Slow Late Finishing Pig Growth: Implications On Carcass Composition And Pork Quality, Emma T. Helm, Jason W. Ross, John F. Patience, Steven M. Lonergan, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Laura L. Greiner, Leah M. Reever, Chad W. Hastad, Emily K. Arkfeld, Nicholas K. Gabler

Animal Science Publications

Although pork producers typically aim to optimize growth rates, occasionally it is necessary to slow growth, such as when harvest facility capacity is limited. In finishing pigs, numerous dietary strategies can be used to slow growth so pigs are at optimal slaughter body weights when harvest facility capacity and/or access is restored. However, the impact of these diets on pork carcass quality is largely unknown. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of dietary strategies to slow growth in late finishing pigs and evaluate their effects on carcass composition and pork quality. Mixed-sex pigs (n = 897; 125 ± 2 ...


Nutritional Aspects Related To Covid-19: A Bibliometric Analysis Using Scopus Database, Arti Muley Dr, Srujana Medithi Dr Jan 2021

Nutritional Aspects Related To Covid-19: A Bibliometric Analysis Using Scopus Database, Arti Muley Dr, Srujana Medithi Dr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Nutrition therapy has lately gained attention as an effective way of combating the novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), especially to address the immunity in an individual and their overall health. The present study is a bibliometric assessment of research conducted to understand the role of nutrition in treating COVID-19 which was carried out since the pandemic's sudden outburst during 2020 and 2021 and published in the Scopus database. A total of 93 publications were found, and the results were studied by evaluating these documents. The present analysis identifies the active countries where the research was conducted, various types of documents ...


A Review Of The Effects Of Dietary Restriction, Dehydration, And Caffeine Withdrawal On Cognition: Implications For A Disabled Submarine Scenario, Sarah Chabal Dec 2020

A Review Of The Effects Of Dietary Restriction, Dehydration, And Caffeine Withdrawal On Cognition: Implications For A Disabled Submarine Scenario, Sarah Chabal

Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments

In the event that submariners become trapped aboard a disabled submarine (DISSUB), they must perform a multitude of cognitively demanding tasks in order to maximize their likelihood of survival. During this time, submariners will also be forced to endure poor living conditions, including drastic changes to their nutrition. These nutritional changes have the potential to impair submariners’ cognitive functioning and affect operational performance, which could jeopardize survival; however, the effects of DISSUB nutrition on cognitive performance are not well understood. This review first describes the unique nutritional conditions that submariners will experience in a DISSUB scenario, including the change to ...


Productive Performance Of Goats And Calves Fed Different Levels Of Mulberry Forage, H. Manterola, D. Cerda Dec 2020

Productive Performance Of Goats And Calves Fed Different Levels Of Mulberry Forage, H. Manterola, D. Cerda

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Characterization Of Growth Patterns And Meat Quality Characteristics Of Four Commercial Broiler Strains In Small Bird And Large Bird Programs In The United States, Clay Johnny Maynard Dec 2020

Characterization Of Growth Patterns And Meat Quality Characteristics Of Four Commercial Broiler Strains In Small Bird And Large Bird Programs In The United States, Clay Johnny Maynard

Theses and Dissertations

Through current trends in animal protein consumption, the United States poultry industry has seen a drastic rise in production and popularity. Over the last few decades, poultry meat has surpassed both beef and pork production to become the most widely consumed animal protein. This rise may be accredited to an increased transition to more health-conscious consumers. As more consumers purchase poultry as a lean source of protein, the need for a superior quality product is of great interest to poultry integrators.

Relationships between commercial broiler lines have been well documented in previous years, but constant and intensive genetic selection in ...


Antioxidant Properties And Anti-Cancer Effects Of Polyphenols In Sweetpotato Leaves, Josue Bolanos Dec 2020

Antioxidant Properties And Anti-Cancer Effects Of Polyphenols In Sweetpotato Leaves, Josue Bolanos

Theses and Dissertations

Although the root is widely consumed, sweetpotato leaves (SPL) are often discarded and are only consumed in a few countries. In the United States, SPL consumption is limited to private gardens, particularly in the Southeastern United States. Not only are SPL a good source of nutrients such as vitamins and minerals, but they also contain polyphenol compounds including the caffeoylquinic acid derivatives and carotenoids such as lutein. Several studies have shown the polyphenol contents and antioxidant capacities of SPL, which vary based on year and variety, while few studies have shown anti-colon cancer effects of SPL. Therefore, this study investigated ...


Milk Intake Improves Outcomes For Young Lambs With Continuous Exposure To Gastrointestinal Parasites In Pasture‐Based System, Robyn A. Dynes, Ray A. Moss, R. W. Mcanulty, Alec D. Mackay Nov 2020

Milk Intake Improves Outcomes For Young Lambs With Continuous Exposure To Gastrointestinal Parasites In Pasture‐Based System, Robyn A. Dynes, Ray A. Moss, R. W. Mcanulty, Alec D. Mackay

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Effect Of High And Low Pasture Allowance During Pregnancy On Ewe Lamb Pregnancy Performance, Paul R. Kenyon, F. J. Mulvaney, Stephen T. Morris, D. M. West Nov 2020

Effect Of High And Low Pasture Allowance During Pregnancy On Ewe Lamb Pregnancy Performance, Paul R. Kenyon, F. J. Mulvaney, Stephen T. Morris, D. M. West

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Grand Challenge In Animal Nutrition, David L. Harmon Nov 2020

Grand Challenge In Animal Nutrition, David L. Harmon

Animal and Food Sciences Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Nutrition, Exercise, And Mental Health, Jamie Baum Oct 2020

Nutrition, Exercise, And Mental Health, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Understand factors that can impact our mental health

Understand how certain foods can benefit our mental health

Understand how exercise can benefit our mental health


Health Claims On Food & Supplements: Fact Or Fiction?, Jamie Baum Oct 2020

Health Claims On Food & Supplements: Fact Or Fiction?, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Learning how to understand health claims on foods and supplements.


Create Better Health Curriculum, Casey Coombs, Jaqueline Neid Sep 2020

Create Better Health Curriculum, Casey Coombs, Jaqueline Neid

All Current Publications

CBH is a comprehensive nutrition curriculum designed to teach adult SNAP-Ed participants how to eat well and be active on a budget. CBH combines nutrition and physical activity recommendations from United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Each lesson has three components: a nutrition topic based on the current Dietary Guidelines for Americans, a physical activity discussion based on USDA recommendations, and a Create recipe demonstration and sample. The components are woven together in eight lessons that are designed to keep participants engaged, while actively learning the skills needed to create a healthier lifestyle.