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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

College Of Natural Sciences Newsletter, March & April 2022, College Of Natural Sciences Apr 2022

College Of Natural Sciences Newsletter, March & April 2022, College Of Natural Sciences

College of Natural Sciences Newsletters and Reports

Volume 3, Issue 3

Page 1 Dean's Message
Page 2-3 Awards and Recognition
Page 4 2022 URSCAD - CNS Snaps
Page 5 Geography Convention Recap
Page 6 Attention Students!
Page 7-8 Media Coverage of CNS
Page 9 Spring Break Outreach, Adopt the Pantry,
Page 10 Discovery on Tap Event
Page 11 CNS Students Visit State Capital
Page 12 Celebrating 50 Years of Sally
Page 13 Open PRAIRIE Data
Page 14 Grants Awarded and Bio-Micro Day of Scholars
Page 15 -17 2022 Geography Convention Snaps
Page 18 Sally Krueger's 50th Work Anniversary


Attitudes Toward The Environment: How Do The Attitudes Of Conventional, No-Till, And Organic Farmers Compare?, George A. Youngs, David L. Watt Feb 2022

Attitudes Toward The Environment: How Do The Attitudes Of Conventional, No-Till, And Organic Farmers Compare?, George A. Youngs, David L. Watt

Great Plains Sociologist

One of Che key dynamics in today's increased interest in alternative fanning is concern for the environment (Beus and Dunlap, 1990). Many advocates of alternative farming argue that conventional farming harms the environment and may even destroy the future of agriculture. The implicit, and often explicit, notion associated with this view is that conventional farmers are less concerned about the environment than are alternative farmers. The present study will test this notion by comparing the attitudes toward the environment of conventional farmers with two types of alternative farmers, organic and no-till. By definition, conventional farmers are those farmers who ...


Deploying Live Dashboard Data Using Usda Data Apis To Inform Farmers/Producers, Indira Fuyal, Paurakh Paudel, David Zeng Feb 2022

Deploying Live Dashboard Data Using Usda Data Apis To Inform Farmers/Producers, Indira Fuyal, Paurakh Paudel, David Zeng

SDSU Data Science Symposium

The main objective of this project is to provide the farmers/producers and small business owners with a data intensive information hub to better understand the market trends and patterns in an interactive way to help make informed decisions. This technology is part of a larger project that includes AI powered data services to provide users with decision making support for real time data solutions. Together with Natural Language Generation, there is a huge potential to deploy this technology. In this small demo of this hugely beneficial technology, we make use of the publicly available Open Data Services – ESR Data ...


Sdsu Beef Day 2022 Complete Proceedings, Department Of Animal Science, Sdsu Extension Feb 2022

Sdsu Beef Day 2022 Complete Proceedings, Department Of Animal Science, Sdsu Extension

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

This is the complete proceedings of the South Dakota State University, Department of Animal Science Beef Day 2022. The proceedings contain research presented on the following topics:
Feedlot
Herd Management
Meat Science and Nutrition


Belowground Mechanism Reveals Climate Change Impacts On Invasive Clonal Plant Establishment, Surendra Bam, Jacqueline P. Ott, Jack L. Butler, Lan Xu Feb 2022

Belowground Mechanism Reveals Climate Change Impacts On Invasive Clonal Plant Establishment, Surendra Bam, Jacqueline P. Ott, Jack L. Butler, Lan Xu

Natural Resource Management Faculty Publications

Climate change and disturbance can alter invasion success of clonal plants by differentially affecting the clonal traits influencing their establishment as young plants. Clonal traits related to the vegetative reproduction of native Pascopyrum smithii and non-native Bromus inermis grass seedlings were evaluated under altered precipitation frequencies and a single grazing event. Pascopyrum smithii maintained similar vegetative reproduction under three simulated precipitation frequencies whereas B. inermis vegetative reproduction declined as precipitation became more intermittent. Vegetative reproduction of the non-native B. inermis was greater than the native P. smithii under all simulated precipitation frequencies except the most intermittent scenario. A single grazing ...


College Of Natural Sciences Newsletter, February 2022, College Of Natural Sciences Feb 2022

College Of Natural Sciences Newsletter, February 2022, College Of Natural Sciences

College of Natural Sciences Newsletters and Reports

Volume 3, Issue 2

Page 1 Dean's Message
Page 2 Awards & Recognition
Page 3-4 Media Coverage of CNS
Page 5- 6 Local Boy Scouts Earn Their Chemistry Merit Badges
Page 7-8 Mount Vernon Teacher Wins 2022 South Dakota Outstanding Physical Science Teacher Award
Page 9 Middle Schoolers Visit SDSU
Page 10 Microbiology Club Tours POET
Page 11 53rd Geography Convention
Page 12 Open PRAIRIE Data


Impact Of Corn Silage Moisture And/Or Kernel Processing At Harvest On Finishing Steer Growth Performance, Efficiency Of Dietary Net Energy Utilization And Carcass Traits, Thomas G. Hamilton, Warren Rusche, Julie Walker, Zachary K. F. Smith Jan 2022

Impact Of Corn Silage Moisture And/Or Kernel Processing At Harvest On Finishing Steer Growth Performance, Efficiency Of Dietary Net Energy Utilization And Carcass Traits, Thomas G. Hamilton, Warren Rusche, Julie Walker, Zachary K. F. Smith

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Red Angus steers (n = 192; initial shrunk BW = 983 ± 62.3 lbs) were used in the 112 d finishing experiment at the Southeast Research Farm (SERF) of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station in Beresford. Steers were from a single source and obtained from a local SD auction facility. Steers were received 2 weeks prior to trial initiation. Steers were offered a common diet containing 60% concentrate upon arrival. Steers were transitioned to a 90% concentrate diet over the course of 14 d. Steers were consuming the finishing diet (Table 1) at the initiation of the experiment. Fresh ...


Evaluation Of Dietary Roughage Inclusion In A Single Or Two-Diet System For Backgrounding And Finishing, Thomas G. Hamilton, Warren Rusche, Zachary K. F. Smith Jan 2022

Evaluation Of Dietary Roughage Inclusion In A Single Or Two-Diet System For Backgrounding And Finishing, Thomas G. Hamilton, Warren Rusche, Zachary K. F. Smith

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Pre-conditioned crossbred beef steers (n = 46; initial shrunk [4%] BW = 621 ± 89.1 lbs) were used in a 210-d grow-finish experiment at the Ruminant Nutrition Center (RNC) in Brookings, SD. Steers were fed once daily, and bunks were managed according to a slick bunk management system. Cattle were fed in 25 × 25 ft concrete surface pens (n = 10 pens; 5 pens/treatment) with 25 linear ft of bunk space and heated, concrete, continuous flow waterers. Treatments included: 1) A single-diet program (targeted a 59 Mcal/cwt NEg diet fed for 210-d; 1D) or 2) two-diet program (targeted a ...


Dose Effects Of Encapsulated Butyric Acid And Zinc On Beef Feedlot Steer Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Dietary Net Energy Utilization, Forest L. Francis, Erin R. Gubbels, Thomas G. Hamilton, Warren Rusche, Doug Lafleur, Jerilyn E. Hergenreder, Zachary K. F. Smith Jan 2022

Dose Effects Of Encapsulated Butyric Acid And Zinc On Beef Feedlot Steer Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Dietary Net Energy Utilization, Forest L. Francis, Erin R. Gubbels, Thomas G. Hamilton, Warren Rusche, Doug Lafleur, Jerilyn E. Hergenreder, Zachary K. F. Smith

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Steers (n = 272; shrunk BW = 794 ± 163 pounds) were assigned to one of four dietary treatments in a 143.5 d feedlot finishing trial: 0 g BPZ/ kg diet dry matter (DM) (CON), 1 g BPZ/ kg diet DM (1BPZ), 2 g BPZ/ kg diet DM (2BPZ), or 3 g BPZ/ kg diet DM (3BPZ). Carcass data and liver health outcomes were collected, and feedlot growth performance data and efficiency of dietary net energy utilization were calculated on a carcass-adjusted basis.


Evaluation Of A Direct Fed Microbial And/Or An Enzymatically Hydrolyzed Yeast Product In Diets Containing Monensin Sodium On Feedlot Phase Growth Performance, Efficiency Of Dietary Net Energy Utilization, And Carcass Characteristics In Newly Weaned Beef Steers Fed In Confinement For 258 Days, Erin Gubbels, Forest Francis, Thomas G. Hamilton, Jason Griffin, Warren Rusche, Tom Rehberger, Elliot Block, Zachary K. F. Smith Jan 2022

Evaluation Of A Direct Fed Microbial And/Or An Enzymatically Hydrolyzed Yeast Product In Diets Containing Monensin Sodium On Feedlot Phase Growth Performance, Efficiency Of Dietary Net Energy Utilization, And Carcass Characteristics In Newly Weaned Beef Steers Fed In Confinement For 258 Days, Erin Gubbels, Forest Francis, Thomas G. Hamilton, Jason Griffin, Warren Rusche, Tom Rehberger, Elliot Block, Zachary K. F. Smith

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Single-sourced, newly weaned steers (n = 256; initial body weight (BW) = 542 ± 3.7 lb) were allotted to 32 pens (n = 8 pens/treatment with 8 steers/pen). Steers were blocked by location in a 2x2 factorial treatment arrangement of DFM (Certillus CP B1801 Dry; Bacillus subtilis, Lactobacillus plantarum; 28 g/steer·d-1) and YCW (Celmanax; 18 g/steer·d-1). Steers were vaccinated and poured at processing and individually weighed on d 1, 14, 42 (end of receiving phase; implanted), 77, 105 (end of growing phase), 133, 161 (implanted), 182, 230 (start ractopamine HCl) and 258. Growth performance and ...


Evaluation Of A Direct Fed Microbial An An Enzymatically Hydrolyzed Yeast Product Fed Alone Or In Combination To Beef Steers Administered Ractopamine Hydrochloride 28 Days Prior To Harvest During Summer Months In The Northern Plains, Erin Gubbels, Forest Francis, Thomas G. Hamilton, Jason Griffin, Warren Rusche, Tom Rehberger, Elliot Block, Zachary K. F. Smith Jan 2022

Evaluation Of A Direct Fed Microbial An An Enzymatically Hydrolyzed Yeast Product Fed Alone Or In Combination To Beef Steers Administered Ractopamine Hydrochloride 28 Days Prior To Harvest During Summer Months In The Northern Plains, Erin Gubbels, Forest Francis, Thomas G. Hamilton, Jason Griffin, Warren Rusche, Tom Rehberger, Elliot Block, Zachary K. F. Smith

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Single-sourced, newly weaned steers (n=256; initial BW=542 ± 3.7lb; n=64 steers/treatment; 8 steers/pen) were blocked by location in a 2×2 factorial arrangement of DFM (Certillus CP B1801 Dry; Bacillus subtilis, Lactobacillus plantarum; 28 g/steer·d-1) and YCW (Celmanax; 18 g/steer·d-1). Temperature-humidity index (THI) was calculated as: THI=0.81×ambient temperature+[relative humidity×(ambient temperature-14.40)]+46.40. On d-1 and 2 and d-21 and 22 on RH, respiration rate (RR) and panting scores (PS) were determined before and after AM and PM feedings (0700h, 1100h, 1400h, 1700h). RR ...


Effects Of On-Arrival Application Of A Modified-Live Respiratory And Clostridia Vaccination On Health, Growth Performance, And Antibody Titers Of Newly-Weaned Calves, Erin Gubbels, Santana Hanson, Tommy Norman, Thiago Ribeiro, Thomas G. Hamilton, Forest Francis, Jason Griffin, Warren Rusche, Zachary K. F. Smith Jan 2022

Effects Of On-Arrival Application Of A Modified-Live Respiratory And Clostridia Vaccination On Health, Growth Performance, And Antibody Titers Of Newly-Weaned Calves, Erin Gubbels, Santana Hanson, Tommy Norman, Thiago Ribeiro, Thomas G. Hamilton, Forest Francis, Jason Griffin, Warren Rusche, Zachary K. F. Smith

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Single-sourced, newly weaned steers (n=70; initial body weight (BW)=560±12.9lb) were allotted to 10 pens (n=5 pens/treatment with 7 steers/pen). Steers were blocked by BW in a randomized complete block design of VAC [vaccinated for IBR, BVD 1 and 2, PI3, and BRSV (Bovi-Shield Gold 5, Zoetis, Parsippany, NJ) and clostridial (Ultrabec 7/Somubac, Zoetis) upon arrival] or NOVAC (not vaccinated for IBR, BVD 1 and 2, PI3, and BRSV or clostridial species upon arrival). Steers were individually weighed on d 0 (arrival), 1, 21, and 42 for growth performance measures. Whole ...


Principles Of Holistic Resource Management: Investing In Self-Education, Pete Bauman Jan 2022

Principles Of Holistic Resource Management: Investing In Self-Education, Pete Bauman

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

First developed as a concept for approaching grazing resources management by Alan Savory in the 1970’s as a means of combating poor grazing practices, the concept of Holistic Management has evolved in the modern era to Holistic Resource Management, or in some cases “Wholistic” Resource Management, suggesting a more inclusive approach to overall planning and assessment beyond developing a sustainable grazing plan.

In simplified terms, a complete Holistic Resource Management plan for an agricultural businesses ultimately embraces a core concept that centers on the original ‘Triple Bottom Line’ accounting philosophy where the three “P’s” of profit ...


Use Of Pregnancy Associated Glycoproteins To Determine Fetal Age Throughout Gestation And Clearance Rate In Postpartum Beef Cattle, Adalaide C. Kline, Julie Walker, Taylor N. Andrews, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Kaitlin M. Epperson, Lacey K. Quail, Jerica J.J. Rich, Jim R. Rhoades, George Perry Jan 2022

Use Of Pregnancy Associated Glycoproteins To Determine Fetal Age Throughout Gestation And Clearance Rate In Postpartum Beef Cattle, Adalaide C. Kline, Julie Walker, Taylor N. Andrews, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Kaitlin M. Epperson, Lacey K. Quail, Jerica J.J. Rich, Jim R. Rhoades, George Perry

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Previously identified pregnant females from four different herds and postpartum females from one herd were utilized. Blood samples were collected (n = 1,753; study 1) between d 28 and 285 of gestation and (heifers n = 418 and cows n = 657; study 2) once a week for up to 12 weeks after calving. Serum was tested in duplicate using a commercially available blood pregnancy test, IDEXX Alertys Pregnancy Test. In study 1, procedures were modified to allow PAG concentrations to fall within the detectible range of the assay. Data were analyzed using the MIXED procedure of SAS with cow ...


Comparison Of Lateral Flow To Other Pregnancy Determination Methods In Order To Determine Accuracy Of Pregnancy Status In Beef Cattle Pre And Postpartum, Adalaide C. Kline, Julie Walker, Taylor N. Andrews, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Kaitlin M. Epperson, Lacey K. Quail, Jaclyn N. Ketchum, Jerica J.J. Rich, Jim R. Rhoades, George Perry Jan 2022

Comparison Of Lateral Flow To Other Pregnancy Determination Methods In Order To Determine Accuracy Of Pregnancy Status In Beef Cattle Pre And Postpartum, Adalaide C. Kline, Julie Walker, Taylor N. Andrews, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Kaitlin M. Epperson, Lacey K. Quail, Jaclyn N. Ketchum, Jerica J.J. Rich, Jim R. Rhoades, George Perry

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Blood samples were collected from six different Bos taurus herds between day 27 and 285 of gestation (heifers n = 1,205 and cows n = 1,539). Blood samples to determine PAG clearance interval were collected weekly postpartum for up to 12 weeks (heifers n = 418 and cows n = 657). Serum was tested using the lateral flow test and were read by two technicians who were blind to pregnancy status. Level of agreement between the tests were determined by Pearson’s correlation coefficients and Kappa scores. The MIXED procedure of SAS was used to evaluate the effect of dpp ...


Use Of Sperm In Vitro Capacitation And Flow Cytometry To Estimate Bull Fertility, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Thomas W. Geary, Abigail L. Zezeski, Karl C. Kerns, Joseph C. Dalton, Bo R. Harstine, Matthew D. Utt, Robert A. Cushman, Julie Walker, George Perry Jan 2022

Use Of Sperm In Vitro Capacitation And Flow Cytometry To Estimate Bull Fertility, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Thomas W. Geary, Abigail L. Zezeski, Karl C. Kerns, Joseph C. Dalton, Bo R. Harstine, Matthew D. Utt, Robert A. Cushman, Julie Walker, George Perry

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Frozen-thawed semen from five bulls previously identified as high (48.1% and 47.7%, bulls A and B, respectively), intermediary (45.5%, bull C) or low (43.1% and 40.7%, bulls D and E, respectively) fertility, based on pregnancy per AI, were evaluated with several laboratory measures. Measures included total motility, sperm plasma membrane integrity (viability), acrosome integrity, reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane energy potential (mito-potential), zinc signatures (signatures 1 to 4), and CD9 protein populations at pre-wash, post-wash, h 0 (diluted with non-capacitation media), and at 0, 3, 6, and 24 h after dilution with ...


Relationship Of Dag1 And Serpina5 Sperm Proteins With Bull Fertility, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Julie Walker, Jerica J. J. Rich, Kaitlin M. Epperson, Taylor N. Andrews, Adalaide C. Kline, Jessica Nora Drum, M. Sofia Ortega, George Perry Jan 2022

Relationship Of Dag1 And Serpina5 Sperm Proteins With Bull Fertility, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Julie Walker, Jerica J. J. Rich, Kaitlin M. Epperson, Taylor N. Andrews, Adalaide C. Kline, Jessica Nora Drum, M. Sofia Ortega, George Perry

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Semen from 22 dairy bulls was used to evaluate the presence, localization, and quantification of DAG1 and SERPINA5 on sperm. Sperm motility parameters and viability was also evaluated for semen from each bull. Semen from 19 out of the 22 dairy bulls was used for in vitro embryo production (two Low-SCR and one High-SCR were not available for in vitro embryo production). Bulls were classified based on their sire conception rates (SCR) values as High-SCR (SCR > 1.0) or Low-SCR fertility (SCR < -4.0). Low fertility bulls were subdivided based on their blastocyst rate (BL) as High-BL (Low-SCR/High-BL BL ≥ 31%) or Low-BL (Low-SCR/Low-BL BL ≤ 26%), and High-SCR bulls were not subdivided. The GLM procedure in SAS was used with bull as a fixed effect to determine if variance was greater between bulls compared to within bull. Correlations were determined among DAG1 and SERPINA5 concentrations, percentage of tail labeled for SERPINA5, SCR, sperm total motility, progressive motility, and viability, and in vitro embryo produced cleavage rate (CL) and BL. The GLIMMIX procedure of SAS was used to evaluate the relationship of bull field fertility (High- and Low-SCR), and field and in vitro fertility (High-SCR, Low-SCR/High-BL, Low-SCR/Low-BL) classifications with sperm total (TMOT) and progressive (PROG) motility, viability, CL, BL, DAG1 and SERPINA5 relative concentration, and proportion of sperm tail labeled for SERPINA5. Both SERPINA5 and DAG1 were localized on the sperm head; however, SERPINA5 was also localized on the sperm tail. There was greater variance in concentration among bulls compared to within bull for both DAG1 (P < 0.01; 69.4 vs 49.1, respectively) and SERPINA5 (P < 0.01; 325.8 vs 285.4, respectively). There was a positive correlation between concentration of DAG1 and SERPINA5 (P = 0.01; r = 0.54). Concentrations of SERPINA5 were also correlated with CL (P = 0.04; r = 0.48), and percentage of sperm tail labeled for SERPINA5 was correlated with viability (P = 0.05; r = 0.44) and tended to be correlated with CL (P = 0.10; r = 0.39). There was no relationship between SCR or BL rate classifications and DAG1 (P ≥ 0.66), SERPINA5 (P ≥ 0.54), or percentage of sperm tail labeled for SERPINA5 (P ≥ 0.48).


Proteomic Analysis Of Epididymal And Ejaculated Sperm And Respective Fluids, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Emmalee J. Northrop-Albrecht, Julie Walker, Robert A. Cushman, George Perry Jan 2022

Proteomic Analysis Of Epididymal And Ejaculated Sperm And Respective Fluids, Saulo Menegatti Zoca, Emmalee J. Northrop-Albrecht, Julie Walker, Robert A. Cushman, George Perry

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Ejaculated and epididymal semen was collected from mature Angus bulls (n = 9), and then centrifuged to separate sperm and fluid. Fluids were collected and sperm pellets were resuspended in a high ionic solution and vortexed to remove loosely attached proteins. Sperm samples were centrifuged, and the supernatant was collected. Samples collected for protein analysis were snap frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored at -80 ºC. Protein analysis was performed by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LCMS/MS). Yearling Angus cross bulls (n = 40) were used for sperm cultures. Ejaculated (n = 20) and epididymal (n = 20) sperm were ...


Effect Of Estrous Synchronization With Natural Service Or Fixed-Timed Artificial Insemination Using Conventional Or Gender-Kkewed Semen In Beef Females On Calving Distribution And Post Weaning Calf Performance, Julie Walker, Jerica J.J. Rich, Warren Rusche, Matthew Diersen, George Perry Jan 2022

Effect Of Estrous Synchronization With Natural Service Or Fixed-Timed Artificial Insemination Using Conventional Or Gender-Kkewed Semen In Beef Females On Calving Distribution And Post Weaning Calf Performance, Julie Walker, Jerica J.J. Rich, Warren Rusche, Matthew Diersen, George Perry

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Within 10 herds, beef females (n = 1,620) were either: 1) not synchronized (NonSyn) and mated to bulls, 2) synchronized (7-d controlled internal drug release (CIDR)) and mated to bulls (SynNS) 3) synchronized (7-d CO-Synch plus CIDR) and artificially inseminated with conventional semen (SynAI), or 4) synchronized (7-d CO-Synch plus CIDR) and artificially inseminated with SEXED semen. Calving distributions (calves born from d 1 to 14, 1 to 21, 22 to 42, and 43 and greater) were determined by actual birthdates and calf gender was determined at birth. Over a two-year period, a subset of calves (n = 508 ...


Improving Heifer Development Programs Using Precision Technology And Ddgs, Anna Dagel, Hector Menendez Iii, Jameson R. Brennan Jan 2022

Improving Heifer Development Programs Using Precision Technology And Ddgs, Anna Dagel, Hector Menendez Iii, Jameson R. Brennan

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Heifers were stratified into two groups based on initial body weight and each group was randomly assigned to one of two treatments: a control group (n=30) and a precision group (n=30). Treatment groups are separated into different pastures to graze dormant native range from November to April. Groups are rotated monthly to reduce individual pasture influence. Heifers in the control group are supplemented as a group and bunk fed 5lb/head/day with dried distiller grain pellets (DDGS). Heifers within the precision group will be supplemented individually using the SmartFeed system (C-Lock Inc. Rapid City, SD ...


Factors Influencing Price Of South Dakota Feeder Calves Fall 2021 And Winter 2022, Adele Harty, Olivia Amundson, Robin Salverson, Kiernan Brandt, Heather Gessner, Julie Walker, Hossein Moradi Rekabdarkolaee Jan 2022

Factors Influencing Price Of South Dakota Feeder Calves Fall 2021 And Winter 2022, Adele Harty, Olivia Amundson, Robin Salverson, Kiernan Brandt, Heather Gessner, Julie Walker, Hossein Moradi Rekabdarkolaee

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Data was collected at Faith, Philip, Hub City (Aberdeen), Mitchell, and Ft. Pierre Livestock Auctions during the weeks of October 4, 11, 18, and November 1, 2021. Data was collected and analyzed on the approximately 116,000 head of calves that were marketed during that time frame. Data collected included: auction barn, date, seller id, sex, number of head per lot, average weight, hide color, uniformity information, vaccination data, creep feed, implants, branded programs, weaned, horns, mud score, price per hundredweight, price per head, and additional comments. Uniformity score and weighted average price per hundredweight was calculated for ...


Comparing The Impact Of Continuous And Virtually Fenced Rotational Grazing On Animal Behavior And Distribution, Logan Vandermark, Jameson Brennan, Krista Ehlert, Hector Menendez Iii Jan 2022

Comparing The Impact Of Continuous And Virtually Fenced Rotational Grazing On Animal Behavior And Distribution, Logan Vandermark, Jameson Brennan, Krista Ehlert, Hector Menendez Iii

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Six herds of yearling steers (n=127) will graze native summer pastures from May to August at the Cottonwood Field Station near Philip, South Dakota. Six pastures are divided into two groups: a continuous grazing (CG) treatment with a low, moderate, and high stocking density and a virtually fenced rotational (VFR) grazing system with the same stocking densities. VenceTM virtual fence collars were placed on all animals within the study and collected GPS data at 5-minute intervals. The CG collars are not actively managed. The VFR system is actively managed through the collars and rotated based on the ...


Using Precision Technology To Measure Cattle Methane Emissions And Intake On Western South Dakota Rangelands, Lillian J. Mcfadden, Ken Olson, Krista Ehlert, Jameson Brennan, Amanda D. Blair, Hector Menendez Iii Jan 2022

Using Precision Technology To Measure Cattle Methane Emissions And Intake On Western South Dakota Rangelands, Lillian J. Mcfadden, Ken Olson, Krista Ehlert, Jameson Brennan, Amanda D. Blair, Hector Menendez Iii

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Cattle DMI is an essential component of calculating cattle stocking rates, determining nutrient requirements, and evaluating feed efficiency. Cattle DMI and digestion of forages impact enteric greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; a major public and environmental concern. Increased GHG levels indicate energy loss during the rumen fermentation process. Obtaining data for rangeland cattle DMI and GHG emissions is needed to understand and enhance individual animal performance and reduce negative environmental impacts. We will develop enteric emissions and DMI relationships by conducting three feeding trials using the GreenFeed and SmartFeed Pro (C-Lock Inc. Rapid City, SD). The GreenFeed will measure ...


Effects Of Environmental Gradients On The Abundance And Diversity Of Helminths Across 7 Bison Herds In The Upper Midwest, Bradly Wehus-Tow, Jeff M. Martin, Jameson Brennan Jan 2022

Effects Of Environmental Gradients On The Abundance And Diversity Of Helminths Across 7 Bison Herds In The Upper Midwest, Bradly Wehus-Tow, Jeff M. Martin, Jameson Brennan

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Data were collected from Wind Cave National Park and 6 satellite bison herds across the upper Midwest ranging across South Dakota, Indiana, and Kansas with a MAP gradient ranging from 34 to 82 mm and a MAT gradient ranging from 9 to 13°C. Fecal samples were collected non-invasively from 50 freshly voided bison dung patties at each herd. Helminth eggs were recovered and identified using sugar floatation; Trichostrongyle-type eggs were hatched by coproculture to identify to species. Preliminary findings indicate that general abundance of trichostrongyle-type helminths increases by 2.3 EPG per 1°C and by 0 ...


Influence Of Beef Carcass Chilling Rate On Steak Case Life And Quality Traits, Trevor Dehaan, Lydia Hite, Erin Gubbels, Christina Elaine Bakker, Amanda D. Blair, Judson Grubbs, Keith Underwood Jan 2022

Influence Of Beef Carcass Chilling Rate On Steak Case Life And Quality Traits, Trevor Dehaan, Lydia Hite, Erin Gubbels, Christina Elaine Bakker, Amanda D. Blair, Judson Grubbs, Keith Underwood

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

Twelve head of fed beef cattle were harvested at the SDSU Meat Laboratory over two days. Carcasses were allotted into two weight groups based on hot carcass weight (HCW): Heavyweight (HW) and Lightweight (LW). Data logging thermometers were placed in the left side of each carcass within the round, loin, rib, and chuck primals to track temperature decline. Carcass measurements including 12th rib fat thickness, ribeye area and marbling score were collected approximately 48 hours postmortem. Steaks from each primal were collected to measure Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF), objective and subjective color.


Serving Beef In Usda Child Nutrition Programs In South Dakota: Development Of An Faq, Anna Barr, Mikayla Hardy, Andrea Alma, Heather Hopwood, Joanna Studt Jan 2022

Serving Beef In Usda Child Nutrition Programs In South Dakota: Development Of An Faq, Anna Barr, Mikayla Hardy, Andrea Alma, Heather Hopwood, Joanna Studt

SDSU Beef Day 2022 Summary Publication

Study Description:

The project occurred in partnership with four organizations representing state, tribal, and federal affiliations. The authors collaborated to compile and answer questions. Questions that were not answered by the authors’ organizations were asked to the SD Animal Industry Board and USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service.


Natural Resource Management Newsletter, January 2022, Department Of Natural Resource Management Jan 2022

Natural Resource Management Newsletter, January 2022, Department Of Natural Resource Management

NRM Newsletter

CAFES Awards: Teacher of the Year & Student Club Honorable Mention 2021
NRM Affiliate Professor Receives Fulbright to Norway
Service Awards
Elisha YT Summer Internship
Deva Raj Khanal 2021 ASPT Research Award
Gary Larson Memorial Burr Oak at Dakota Nature Park in Brookings
Oak Lake Field Station Jon Haertel Undergraduate Research Award
Undergraduate Research, Scholarship and Creative Activity Day (URSCAD)
Seven Wokini Challenge Grants Awarded for FY 2022 - Lan Xu
Fire School at Oak Lake Field Station
USDA project to produce wildflower seeds, improve soil health
Pollinators in an Agricultural Context
Welcome new faculty members: Alison, Chris, Amanda & Jenn!
Byre receives ...


Growing South Dakota (Fall 2021 / Winter 2022), College Of Agriculture, Food And Environmental Sciences Jan 2022

Growing South Dakota (Fall 2021 / Winter 2022), College Of Agriculture, Food And Environmental Sciences

Growing South Dakota (Publication of the College of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Sciences)

Page] 3 SDSU Launches New Professional Program in Veterinary Medicine
[Page] 7 The 6th Generation
[Page] 9 First-Gen Proud
[Page] 11 Student Success
[Page] 21 Alumni News
[Page] 27 CAFES News and Updates
[Page] 45 Jackrabbits Now and Then: A Current Student and Alumni Q&A


Movement Probabilities Of Bigheaded Carps (Hypophthalmichthys Spp.) In The Illinois River Estimated From Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods, A. A. Coulter, M. K. Brey, M. Lubjeko, J. L. Kalis, D. P. Coulter, D. C. Glover, G. W. Whitledge, J. E. Garvey Jan 2022

Movement Probabilities Of Bigheaded Carps (Hypophthalmichthys Spp.) In The Illinois River Estimated From Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods, A. A. Coulter, M. K. Brey, M. Lubjeko, J. L. Kalis, D. P. Coulter, D. C. Glover, G. W. Whitledge, J. E. Garvey

NRM Departmental Data Sets

Previously published work used program MARK to estimate parameters for multistate models for Bighead Carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) and Silver Carp (H. molitrix) (Coulter et al. 2018) movements in the Illinois River. Multistate models estimate transition probability (psi), survival probability (S), and detection probability (p) and models with those parameters varying by state and time (state*time), just state (state), just time (time), and neither (.) were evaluated for each species (Coulter et al. 2018). Using the format of the top model for each species identified in Coulter et al. (2018), Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods were used to provide a ...


Dairy Digest 2022 : A Hoofprint In Time, South Dakota State University Dairy Club Jan 2022

Dairy Digest 2022 : A Hoofprint In Time, South Dakota State University Dairy Club

Dairy Digest

This is the 2022 Dairy Digest. The Diary Digest is published annually by the South Dakota State University Dairy Club. The Digest contains information and news about the activities and members of the SDSU Dairy Club for the academic year 2021 - 2022.