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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Record Book For Milk Testing Club Members, H. Jones Dec 1922

Record Book For Milk Testing Club Members, H. Jones

SDSU Extension Circulars

This book is for your open personal use. Separate blanks will be provided for making your reports to the County Agent and the State Club Leader. This is simply for your convenience in summarizing. Weigh the milk of each cow to be tested just as often as possible. This should be done for at least two days a month. More frequent weighings would be better. The best and most accurate method is to weigh every day. Record the amount of milk for each cow opposite the day of the month. Suppose that you weigh the milk on the 9 and ...


History Of The Potato, G. Valentine Dec 1922

History Of The Potato, G. Valentine

SDSU Extension Circulars

In this circular, created by the Agricultural Extension Service at South Dakota State College, it addresses the history of the potato through the guidance of the Agronomy department during the year of 1922


Renovation And Remodeling, A. Linfield Dec 1922

Renovation And Remodeling, A. Linfield

SDSU Extension Circulars

Next to food economy, the housewife will find her largest savings in the family clothing. The price of clothing steadily advanced throughout the war period and even now after three years the prices are still beyond the means of a great many of us. The normal conditions of the textile supply cannot be restored for years. In order to save textiles and correct all habits of wastefulness, study the possibilities of partly worn garments and do not discard them. Frequently touches of embroidery, braid, rows of buttons or other means of simply trimming can be used to cover up defect ...


School Lunch: Sandwiches, W.F. Kumalien Dec 1922

School Lunch: Sandwiches, W.F. Kumalien

SDSU Extension Circulars

The cold lunch at its beset is not the most desirable food for taking of the food requirements of the child, and when it is to be repeated every day of the school year is very apt to become tiresome and monotonous. The feeling that anything will do for the lunch box is altogether too prevalent. The lack of time is the most common excuse for the poorly prepared lunch box. It does not take any more time to put up wholesome lunches in an attractive way, but it does take thought and an appreciation of what the boy or ...


Study Of Materials, A. Linfield Nov 1922

Study Of Materials, A. Linfield

SDSU Extension Circulars

In selecting materials the purchaser should know not only what quality or grade of material may be demanded for a certain price, but be able to determine as well whether that quality has been actually secured in payment of the price. In order to select materials wisely both knowledge and experience are required. You much be able to distinguish the different fibers; you must know the standard materials and weaves, and their suitability for different purposes; you must be able to judge the durability and quality of fabrics in relation to price and you must know how to detect substitutes ...


High Crop Yields And Profits From Farming, H. Mccullough Nov 1922

High Crop Yields And Profits From Farming, H. Mccullough

SDSU Extension Circulars

Crop yields have a direct bearing upon farm profits. Granting that there are many factors affecting crop yields and crop prices that are beyond the control of the individual farmer, it is still true that those men whose crop yields are somewhat above the average for their localities make the largest profits. This is true in all parts of the country and for all crops as is shown by the following table covering 3130 farms in 12 states. This table shows the average labor income on farms having poor crop yields, medium or average yields and good crop yields. In ...


Dress Construction: Principles Of Skirt Draping And Fitting And Garment Finishes, A. Linfield Nov 1922

Dress Construction: Principles Of Skirt Draping And Fitting And Garment Finishes, A. Linfield

SDSU Extension Circulars

This circular, created by the Agricultural Extension Service at South Dakota State College, addresses the principles of skirt draping, fitting, and garment finishes in the Home Economics Department during the year 1922.


Cropping Systems, H. Mccullough Nov 1922

Cropping Systems, H. Mccullough

SDSU Extension Circulars

Many different cropping systems are used in South Dakota. In part of the “West-River” country it is customary to raise equal acreages of corn and small grain diced in on the corn stubble the next year. Very little plowing is done. In Spink County, typical of the north-western part of the State, there are three acres of small grain for each acre in corn. Surveys in Brown County and Jones County in 1921 show very different cropping systems prevailing in those counties.


Cooperative Marketing, H. Mccullough Nov 1922

Cooperative Marketing, H. Mccullough

SDSU Extension Circulars

”In marketing farm products, cooperatively or otherwise, certain things must be done. Most of these necessary steps are included in the following:
1. The commodity must be assembled or concentrated.
2. It must be graded or standardized.
3. Part of the crop must be warehoused or processed.
4. The market operation must be financed.
5. Transportation must be provided
6. Expert salesmanship must be brought into play.
7. The commodity must be distributed to consumers.
”The above mentioned steps coming between the growing and the consuming of a crop are at present largely conducted by the so-called middlemen. By looking ...


Inventories And Depreciation Accounts, H. Mccullough Oct 1922

Inventories And Depreciation Accounts, H. Mccullough

SDSU Extension Circulars

Inventories are an essential part of a farm record. Taken at the beginning and end of the year, they show whether one has been increasing or decreasing the among of livestock, grain, feed, and supplies on hand. An increase in inventory represents income, even though it is not in the form of dollars and cents. A decrease in inventory means that some of the livestock, grain, etc., produced in previous years has been sold or used. Since this was not produced during the current year, it should be considered an expense and deducted from the gross income as such.


Eggs, M. Dolve Oct 1922

Eggs, M. Dolve

SDSU Extension Circulars

When we remember that an egg is store-up food material to be used for developing the young chick, we can naturally expect it to be a good food containing the various nutrients. Eggs are more nearly interchangeable with milk than any other food. Eggs are tissue building foods, being rich in protein and mineral matter. (Phosphorus, calcium, and iron.) On account of their richness in iron, they are one of the first foods added to the growing child’s diet.


Pattern Use And Alteration, A. Linfield Oct 1922

Pattern Use And Alteration, A. Linfield

SDSU Extension Circulars

Purpose of Course
a. To help the women in the wise selection of patterns.
b. To give better understanding of commercial patterns.
c. To help the women draft simple patterns.
d. To present methods for altering patterns.


Home Supplies Furnished By The Farm, H. Mccullough Oct 1922

Home Supplies Furnished By The Farm, H. Mccullough

SDSU Extension Circulars

One hundred fifty years ago a farm family raised practically all of its food and made most of its clothing as well as the simple tools that were used in farm work. Then came the opening up of the West, the building of railroads and the invention and general use of modern farm machinery. Crain, livestock and livestock products were raised in large quantities and sold. Part of the money from these sales was used to buy the clothing, household equipment and food which had previously been made or raised on the farm. No one today would care to go ...


Efficient Livestock And Profits From Farming With A Special Reference To Economical Pork Production, H. Mccullough Oct 1922

Efficient Livestock And Profits From Farming With A Special Reference To Economical Pork Production, H. Mccullough

SDSU Extension Circulars

Sales of livestock and of livestock products constitute an important part of the receipts on most South Dakota farms. Records on 126 farms in Brown and Jones Counties in 1921 show that in brown County 37 percent and in Jones County 80 percent of the cash receipts were from these sources. South Dakota is so far from the terminal markets that nearly all of the roughage and a large part of the coarse grain produced in the State is fed to livestock and marketed in the form of beef, pork, butterfat and eggs. It follows that, on any particular farm ...


Short Cuts In Sewing, A. Linfield Oct 1922

Short Cuts In Sewing, A. Linfield

SDSU Extension Circulars

In this day when we hear so much about labor saving devices, when every business man realizes the value of labor saving equipment, we find that in the majority of homes that the women in sewing work do not make use of the devices that they have. Hand decoration on garments requires a great deal of time. Many new and attractive stiches can be made by the sewing machine and used for decoration. Then with the use of sewing machine attachments a great deal of time and labor can be saved. They offer many possibilities. Tucking, ruffling, hemming, hemstitching, braiding ...


Used Of Canned Fruits And Vegetables, M. Dolve Sep 1922

Used Of Canned Fruits And Vegetables, M. Dolve

SDSU Extension Circulars

Vegetables and fruits are as a group one of the most necessary foods. They contain minerals like iron, lime phosphorus, sulphur, vitamines, water, cellulose, carbohydrates, (starches and sugar), and some protein, We do not know much about vitamines, but we do know that they are substances found in fresh fruits and vegetables, milk and egg yolks and that they are absolutely necessary to keep the body in a good healthy working order and enable it to grow. Because of the regulatory substances found in fruits and vegetables, they are essential in our diet and especially during the winter months ·when ...


Quick Breads: Leavening Agents, M. Dolve Sep 1922

Quick Breads: Leavening Agents, M. Dolve

SDSU Extension Circulars

This circular, created by the Agricultural Extension Service at South Dakota State College, introduces leaving agents for quick breads and the ingredients that accompany the leaving agents during 1922


The Three Food Needs, M. Dolve Sep 1922

The Three Food Needs, M. Dolve

SDSU Extension Circulars

All parts of the body, muscles, bones, nerves, blood, etc., must be supplied with material from which they can grow or make repairs. The bodies need for building and repair material is like that of an automobile. Materials are needed to build it in the first place, and after that there will be need of constant repairs. No good machine can be made without the right material, nor can it last long without repairs.


Fruits And Vegetables: Budget Salad And Greens, M. Dolve Sep 1922

Fruits And Vegetables: Budget Salad And Greens, M. Dolve

SDSU Extension Circulars

Fruits and vegetables have been wrongly considered by some as luxuries and relishes valuable principally for the pleasant variety they give to the diet. This conception may be largely due to the fact that they contain a large amount of water and a comparatively small amount of the so called nutrients. The fact that milk is the most perfect food, though it contains 87% water goes to show that the nature of the solids in any food rather than the quantity determines its actual food value. As a whole fruits and vegetables are more economical sources of protein and energy ...


Quick Breads: Batters, M. Dolve Sep 1922

Quick Breads: Batters, M. Dolve

SDSU Extension Circulars

All breads may be divided into two classes: quick breads and yeast breads. The quick breads are so called because it takes a much shorter time to prepare them. Quick breads are divided into two main classes, batters and doughs, depending upon the proportion of flour and moisture used.


Handbook For Local Leaders Of Boys' And Girls' Clubs, P. Scarboro, M. Kiethline Sep 1922

Handbook For Local Leaders Of Boys' And Girls' Clubs, P. Scarboro, M. Kiethline

SDSU Extension Circulars

This circular, created by the Agricultural Extension Service at South Dakota State College, addresses the leaders of the Boys’ and Girls’ Clubs and the requirements in which the individual would have to meet. This handbook was created during 1922.


Food Clubs: Object, Basis Of Achievements And General Suggestions, M. Dolve Sep 1922

Food Clubs: Object, Basis Of Achievements And General Suggestions, M. Dolve

SDSU Extension Circulars

The object of the food clubs is to give Domestic Science training to girls, especially those so situated that they are unable to receive this training in connection with their regular school work. (See more in text.)


Meal Planning: Breakfast, M. Dolve Sep 1922

Meal Planning: Breakfast, M. Dolve

SDSU Extension Circulars

In this circular, created by the Agricultural Extension Service at South Dakota State College, addresses meal planning and specifically focuses on breakfasts in the Home Economics Department during the year 1922.


Farm Record Keeping And Application Of Business Principles To Farming, M. Benedict, Mccullough Aug 1922

Farm Record Keeping And Application Of Business Principles To Farming, M. Benedict, Mccullough

SDSU Extension Circulars

How to make his farm return enough profit for a wholesome, worth while living and provide for moderate saving is the problem confronting every farmer to-day. Every farm family wants a comfortable home, schooling for the children, electric lights, running water, and the other comforts of life, but usually these things cannot be had unless the farm is made to pay as a business proposition. Farming is not and never has been a means of getting rich quickly or easily. It is a substantial and necessary occupation offering many advantages. On the other hand, it seldom has paid the farmer ...


Uses Of The Dress Form, A. Linfield Aug 1922

Uses Of The Dress Form, A. Linfield

SDSU Extension Circulars

As there have been a great many bulletins and circulars published on the making of the Dress Form and as each demonstration has a certain way of doing it there are no specific directions sent out from the state office. (See more in Text)


The County Agent's Handbook, C. Larsen Jul 1922

The County Agent's Handbook, C. Larsen

SDSU Extension Circulars

In the daily work of the county agricultural agent, the agricultural extension worker, the farmer, or anyone interested in agriculture, questions arise, whose answers involve much detailed information. Workers have frequently realized the value of a ready reference of pocket size from which such information might be obtained. It is hoped that this handbook may fulfill such a requirement. The material enclosed is of special application to the agricultural conditions of South Dakota, yet so much of it is of general application that the handbook will be found useful by any agricultural worker. The loose leaf plan enables anyone to ...


Grasshoppers, Cutworms And Army Worms And Their Control By Poisoned Bran Mash, A. Ford Mar 1922

Grasshoppers, Cutworms And Army Worms And Their Control By Poisoned Bran Mash, A. Ford

SDSU Extension Circulars

Were it possible to accurately estimate in dollars and cents the average annual loss caused by grasshoppers, cutworms, and army worms to the growing crops of South Dakota, the figure arrived at would be a staggering one. These three pests cause a greater average annual damage than any other three insect pests in the state. Natural conditions here are such that we may expect outbreaks from any of these three in any part of the state for many years to come. Being situated in this manner, it behooves every farmer in South Dakota to be prepared to fight these pests ...


Planning The Strawberry Patch, A. Ford Jan 1922

Planning The Strawberry Patch, A. Ford

SDSU Extension Circulars

You will receive this circular early in March. This is much too early to do any outside work on your strawberry path. It is not too early, however, to do a list of valuable planning. In the first place we want you to go into this thing to win. It is going to take a lot of hard work and some worry, but we believe you are made of the right stuff to win or you would not have enrolled in this club. As a rule only winner are found in boys and girls club work and it is now ...


Milk And Mild Dishes, M. Dolve Jan 1922

Milk And Mild Dishes, M. Dolve

SDSU Extension Circulars

In this circular, created by the Agricultural Extension Service at South Dakota State College, it addresses the importance of milk and milk dishes through the guidance of the Home Economics department during the year 1922.


Insect Pests And Plant Diseases Of The Strawberry Bed, A. Ford Jan 1922

Insect Pests And Plant Diseases Of The Strawberry Bed, A. Ford

SDSU Extension Circulars

Insect pests and plant disease cause a continual loss in many strawberry beds. As a rule this loss is disregarded by the average grower who believes that there is nothing practical that can be done. We maintain that for an individual to grow strawberries efficiently, he must give this loss caused by insect pests and plant disease due consideration.