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1991

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effect Of New Production Technology On Selected Community Newspapers In Eastern Kentucky, Eugene L. Marvin Dec 1991

The Effect Of New Production Technology On Selected Community Newspapers In Eastern Kentucky, Eugene L. Marvin

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the School of Arts and Sciences at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts by Eugene L. Marvin on December 8, 1991.


The Blue Lick Walkway, Robert E. Roe Dec 1991

The Blue Lick Walkway, Robert E. Roe

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the School of Communications at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts by Robert E. Roe on December 3, 1991.


The Effects Of Weight Training On Self-Esteem, Jeffrey Carpenter Dec 1991

The Effects Of Weight Training On Self-Esteem, Jeffrey Carpenter

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of weight training on self-esteem. The investigator used a pretest-posttest randomized group design, using Fox' Physical Self-Perception Profile, in two high schools. The experimental group consisted of members of beginning weight training classes offered as part of the physical education curriculum. The control group was comprised of students in regular health classes. The investigation was conducted over a period of five weeks with three sessions per week for the experimental group. The weight training sessions lasted approximately 40 minutes and were supervised by district physical education teachers. Using the analysis ...


The Influence Of Administrative Discipline, Teacher/Student Relationship, Student Achievement, Attendance And Conduct On The Decision By Students Of Stephens County High School To Drop Out, Vince H. Turpin Dec 1991

The Influence Of Administrative Discipline, Teacher/Student Relationship, Student Achievement, Attendance And Conduct On The Decision By Students Of Stephens County High School To Drop Out, Vince H. Turpin

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of administrative discipline procedure, teacher/student relationship, student achievement, student attendance, and student conduct on the decision by students of Stephens County High School to drop out of school. Results indicated that teacher/student relationship does influence the decision to drop out. Further, these teachers are more likely to be female. Administrative discipline procedure can affect the decision to drop out. While student achievement does not directly affect but plays an important role in decision making to drop out, attendance will hinder the motive to continue. Student conduct had no ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Cognitive Differences Among Female Elite And Nonelite High School Field Hockey Players And High School Physical Education Class Nonathletes, Linda Berner Adams Dec 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of Cognitive Differences Among Female Elite And Nonelite High School Field Hockey Players And High School Physical Education Class Nonathletes, Linda Berner Adams

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The Empire State Games Western Scholastic Field Hockey Team (n = 14), a high school field hockey team (n = 15), and nonathletes in a high school physical education class (n = 9) were given a battery of tests and inventories to compare mental aspects such as abstract visual reasoning, concentration, sport-confidence, psychological skills relevant to exceptional performance, and competitive anxiety. Analyses included multivariate analysis of variance for each cognitive category, one way univariate analysis of variance for each subtest within a cognitive category, and a stepwise multiple regression technique to determine which tests made the greatest contribution to predicting group membership. Multiple ...


An Examination Of The Leadership Of Administrators In Higher Education As Represented In The American Academic Novel From 1950 To 1990, Laura T. Barnett Dec 1991

An Examination Of The Leadership Of Administrators In Higher Education As Represented In The American Academic Novel From 1950 To 1990, Laura T. Barnett

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the academic leadership as portrayed in the American academic novel from 1950 to 1990. Leadership positions from higher education (president, vice-president, dean, and chairperson) were examined in this analysis of 40 academic fiction novels. The leader behavior of the selected characters was classified, using the following categories: autocratic (telling), democratic (selling), participative (participating), delegative (delegating), situational (varying) and "other" (unclassifiable due to lack of information or criteria variance). The finding was that the majority of academic leaders, in the novels studied, behaved using an autocratic (telling) leadership behavior. Also, the majority of ...


Selected Aspects Of The Secretary's Role In The Public Schools As Perceived By Principals, Teachers, And School Secretaries, Patty H. Richards Dec 1991

Selected Aspects Of The Secretary's Role In The Public Schools As Perceived By Principals, Teachers, And School Secretaries, Patty H. Richards

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare principals', teachers' and secretaries' perceptions regarding selected aspects of the school secretary's role in administering the public schools. A questionnaire, developed by the researcher, was sent to 465 principals, teachers, and school secretaries in the First Tennessee Development District, in Spring, 1991. Three hundred ninety-one questionnaires were returned for a response rate of 84%. Six null hypotheses were tested for significance at the.05 level. The one-way analysis of variance and the Student-Newman-Keuls statistical procedures were used to test the responses of the three groups of participants for significant differences. All ...


A Comparison Of The Effects Of Cooperative And Competitive Methods As Reinforcement Of The Skill Of Answering Inferential Questions In A Fifth Grade Reading Class, Diane L. Arnold Dec 1991

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Cooperative And Competitive Methods As Reinforcement Of The Skill Of Answering Inferential Questions In A Fifth Grade Reading Class, Diane L. Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated whether a practice session in the previously learned skill of reading a paragraph and answering inferential comprehension questions was more effective when conducted competitively or cooperatively.

One fifth-grade homeroom class of 28 students was randomly divided into two groups: a cooperative group and a competitive group, each containing students from three different reading levels. A researcher-made pretest determined that there was no significant difference between the two groups before the treatment. A practice session was conducted in which the cooperative group worked in units of two or three. Each student in the unit was given an ‘A ...


Incidental Learning From Classroom Visuals Among Fourth Grade Students, Alan D. Van Camp Dec 1991

Incidental Learning From Classroom Visuals Among Fourth Grade Students, Alan D. Van Camp

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated whether fourth grade students can recall information to which they have been visually exposed in their classrooms without the teacher ever having directly taught the information. Two hundred and eighty-one students in fifteen classrooms were given a pretest on the names of the countries of South America and the names of twelve western state capitals. The month long treatment consisted of a map and a chart mounted prominently on the walls. At the end of the treatment, the pretest was readministered as a post test. A t test indicated that the students exhibited a significant growth in ...


The Relationship Between Failure Rates, Discipline Referrals, And Teacher Attitudes Toward Classroom Management, Patricia B. Austin Dec 1991

The Relationship Between Failure Rates, Discipline Referrals, And Teacher Attitudes Toward Classroom Management, Patricia B. Austin

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between teacher attitude and student failure rate, teacher attitude and teacher discipline referrals, and teacher discipline referrals and student failure rate.

Twenty Atlanta Public School teachers were selected to participate in the study. Consideration for selection was made on the basis of teacher discipline referrals, exemplary classroom management, and low and high failure rate.

Data were compiled for each teacher in three areas, namely, teacher attitude, the number of discipline referrals and their failure rates for one semester. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was the statistical procedure used to analyze data ...


The Perceived Effectiveness Of The Advisement Process In Selected High Schools In The Atlanta Public School System, Wilbur T. Leaphart Dec 1991

The Perceived Effectiveness Of The Advisement Process In Selected High Schools In The Atlanta Public School System, Wilbur T. Leaphart

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study was to determine the perceptions of the Advisement Process held by administrators, teacher-advisors, and student-advisees and how these perceptions relate to student career development and planning, advisor-advisee relations, and the extent of training in the Advisement Process in ten selected high schools in the Atlanta Public School System. The research design for the study was a descriptive research design. The high schools from a metropolitan Atlanta school district were selected as a sample for the study. A questionnaire was used to collect the data needed for analysis. An Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze all data ...


A Study Of Administrator Cognitive Style And Administrator Teaching Style Preference As Perceievd By Administrators And Teachers, Demetria M. Taylor Dec 1991

A Study Of Administrator Cognitive Style And Administrator Teaching Style Preference As Perceievd By Administrators And Teachers, Demetria M. Taylor

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The purpose of this study, a correlational design using the Pearson Product- Moment Linear Correlation Coefficient, was to determine the existence of significant relationships between the following pairs of variables: (a) administrator cognitive style as related to administrator preference for teaching style, (b) administrator cognitive style and teacher perceptions of administrator cognitive style, (c) administrator preference for teaching style and teacher perception of administrator preferred teaching style. The study also investigated eight key descriptive variables to determine significant correlations to the administrator cognitive style and to administrator teaching style preference: (1) principal gender, (2) principal race, (3) teacher gender, (4 ...


A Study Of The Interrelationship Of Principal And Teacher Equity Values And Teacher Classroom Behavior, Catherine H. Turk Dec 1991

A Study Of The Interrelationship Of Principal And Teacher Equity Values And Teacher Classroom Behavior, Catherine H. Turk

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The purpose of this research was to study the equity values of principals and teachers and to determine if there existed a relationship between values reported by teachers and principals and behaviors demonstrated by teachers in the classroom. Further, the study investigated the relationship between teacher perception of principal equity and teacher equity performance in the classroom. Additionally, the study investigated whether teacher classroom equity behaviors were different for African American, white, female, and male students.

The sample for the study consisted of 18 junior high and secondary English and mathematics teachers, 12 principals matched with the 18 teachers, and ...


The Influence Of Peers On The Food-Related Behavior Of Adolescents During And Post Pregnancy, Lisa Marie Varner Dec 1991

The Influence Of Peers On The Food-Related Behavior Of Adolescents During And Post Pregnancy, Lisa Marie Varner

Doctoral Dissertations

Peer influence on snack food selections and nutrient intake from snacks was investigated in adolescents during pregnancy and at 12 months postpartum. Seventy pregnant (PG) adolescents completed two 24-hour food recalls, one two-day food record, and a Peer Influence Questionnaire (PIQ) pertaining to participation with close friends in various activities and discussions (including nutrition- and food-related). Fifty-three of the 70 PG adolescents brought a peer to an interview session and participated with this peer in a Snack Food Selection Activity. Thirty-two of the PG adolescents also completed at postpartum (PP) the food records/recalls and the PIQ; an additional 27 ...


A Comparison Of Male And Female Elementary School Principals' Perceived Instructional Leadership Behavior, Carol Lynn Babcock Dec 1991

A Comparison Of Male And Female Elementary School Principals' Perceived Instructional Leadership Behavior, Carol Lynn Babcock

Dissertations

This study investigated and compared the perceptions of male and female elementary school principal's instructional leadership behavior. Perceptions were solicited from elementary school principals who held membership in the Michigan Elementary and Middle School Principals Association. The objective of the study was to compare male and female elementary school principal's perceptions of their instructional leadership behavior. The dimensions of instructional leadership compared were: Defining the Mission, Managing the Instructional Program, and Promoting School Climate.

The Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale (Hallinger & Murphy, 1985) sought perceptions on the major dimensions of instructional leadership behavior. The survey was mailed to ...


An Analysis Of Health Related Fitness Practices In The Michigan Secondary School Physical Education Curriculum, D. Robert Salmon Dec 1991

An Analysis Of Health Related Fitness Practices In The Michigan Secondary School Physical Education Curriculum, D. Robert Salmon

Master's Theses

This study investigated the emphasis placed on health-related fitness in Michigan's secondary school physical education system. Information for this study was gathered from questionnaires. A total of 707 questionnaires was sent out, with 421 returned, representing a response rate of 59%. Analyzed variables included: (a) psychomotor, (b) cognitive, (c) socio-economic, (d) frequency, (e) geographical regions, (f) class size, (g) faculty, (h) public/private education, (i) facilities, and (j) evaluation tests. Statistical analyses included percentages, frequencies, and chi squares.

The findings from this study indicated that only two variables, (c) socioeconomic, and (j) evaluation, had a significant effect on fitness ...


Competencies Needed For Effective Church Leadership From The Perspective Of Current Pastors, Cecile Elizabeth Fransman Hewitt Dec 1991

Competencies Needed For Effective Church Leadership From The Perspective Of Current Pastors, Cecile Elizabeth Fransman Hewitt

Dissertations

Contemporary needs of the African-American church are both deeply spiritual and agonizingly physical, and the resultant burden of the church has never been more challenging. Today's needs in the church call for diverse leadership.

This study generated and measured the perception of importance of 22 competencies for effective leadership as pastors of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. The study also sought to determine which of the competencies were performed, shared, delegated, or not performed at each responsive church. Finally, the study sought to determine the extent to which selected demographic factors were related to the perception of importance.

The ...


A Study Of The Effects On Second-Grade Students Of A Leadership Curriculum, Michael Frazee Dec 1991

A Study Of The Effects On Second-Grade Students Of A Leadership Curriculum, Michael Frazee

Dissertations

Investigators of leadership behavior have largely overlooked the period during early childhood when adjustment to the group is initially acquired and practiced. This study was designed to determine whether leadership skills could be taught to second-grade students. The purpose of the research was to determine the effectiveness of the Leadership Is Vital to Education (L.I.V.E.) (Lockett, 1982) leadership curriculum.

A major assumption in this study was that leadership development could be an appropriate outcome of the elementary school curriculum and could be facilitated by introducing a specific leadership-training component into the existing curriculum. The objective was to ...


Teacher Retention And Teacher Satisfaction In Lutheran Secondary Schools, Cary L. Stelmachowicz Dec 1991

Teacher Retention And Teacher Satisfaction In Lutheran Secondary Schools, Cary L. Stelmachowicz

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between teacher retention and the nine subscales of the National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP) Teacher Satisfaction Survey (Schmitt & Loher, 1986) for teachers in Lutheran secondary schools. Both former and current Lutheran secondary teachers (262) were surveyed to identify sources of satisfaction levels that may induce teachers to leave Lutheran secondary education.

The survey instrument used was the Teacher Satisfaction Survey developed by the NASSP. The survey includes nine subscales of satisfaction: administration, compensation, opportunities for advancement, student responsibility and discipline, curriculum and job tasks, coworkers, parents and community, building and maintenance, and communication. Former teachers were also asked to cite the main reasons they left Lutheran secondary teaching positions.

The data were analyzed for each of the following groups: (a) educational training of the respondent. called (synodically trained) or contracted (nonsynodically trained) teacher; (b) employment status, current or former teacher; (c) years of teaching experience, 0-5 years, 6-10 years, 11-15 years, 16-20 years, and over 20 years. The mean scores of the various groups were compared by use of t tests.

The findings indicated that former teachers perceive a significantly lesser degree of satisfaction than did current teachers, particularly in the areas of administration, compensation, and communication. Contracted teachers (nonsynodically trained) also perceived ...


The Relationship Between Dropout And Peer Mentoring In An Adult High School Completion Program, Jo Ann Pastor Dec 1991

The Relationship Between Dropout And Peer Mentoring In An Adult High School Completion Program, Jo Ann Pastor

Dissertations

Adult education encompasses a broad spectrum of institutions and activities which share a universal problem of retaining participants. Dropouts from adult high school completion programs are at a particular disadvantage economically. The literature is inconclusive on the causes of or remedies for program attrition. Although mentoring has been promoted and researched as a component of adult development, its use as a dropout prevention strategy for adult high school completion students is not reported in the literature.

An experimental study was conducted to test the relationship between peer mentoring and the dropout rate in an adult high school completion program. The ...


Frequency Of Job Skills Deemed Critical By Employers Appearing On The Individualized Education Plans (Ieps) Of Moderately Retarded Students, Linda Dagen Mccrea Dec 1991

Frequency Of Job Skills Deemed Critical By Employers Appearing On The Individualized Education Plans (Ieps) Of Moderately Retarded Students, Linda Dagen Mccrea

Dissertations

The successful employment of moderately retarded students is dependent upon an educational program which is focused upon employment as an expected outcome. The purpose of this study was to examine the relative frequency that work-related skills deemed critical by employers appear on the exiting Individualized Education Plans (lEPs) of moderately retarded students (i.e., those labeled trainable mentally impaired students [TMI] in the state of Michigan).

An extensive literature review was conducted and found 49 job skills and/or work behaviors that employers view as critical for job success. An expert group sorted these critical job skills into three work-related ...


Strategic Planning In Michigan Community Colleges And Its Effect On Organizational Climate, Dennis Patrick Mccarthy Dec 1991

Strategic Planning In Michigan Community Colleges And Its Effect On Organizational Climate, Dennis Patrick Mccarthy

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of strategic planning in Michigan community colleges and to determine what effect the planning had on selected climate factors. The data on strategic planning were collected using a questionnaire developed by this investigator and validated by a panel of 15 national experts. The presidents and the next-in-charge when it came to strategic planning at all 29 Michigan community colleges formed the population for the strategic planning aspects of the study. Administrators from 6 of the 27 responding colleges formed the population for the climate investigation. The Work Environment Scale (WES ...


The Influence Of Junior First Grade On Academic Ability And Self-Concept Of Academic Ability, Mary Ann Boettger Dec 1991

The Influence Of Junior First Grade On Academic Ability And Self-Concept Of Academic Ability, Mary Ann Boettger

Dissertations

The educational practice of retaining students in junior first grade for a year between kindergarten and first grade was the focus of this study.

Four groups of 1983-1984 students were compared in 1990-1991: (1) those recommended for first and placed in first grade (F-F), (2) those recommended for junior first and placed in junior first grade (JF-JF), (3) those recommended for junior first and placed in first grade (JF-F), and (4) those borderline between junior first and kindergarten, but placed in first grade (B-F).

The groups were compared on gender, birth month, retention, absences, and lunch status, as well as ...


The Relationship Between Power Bases And Conflict Management Styles Of Indonesia’S Formal Leaders, Wirawan Dec 1991

The Relationship Between Power Bases And Conflict Management Styles Of Indonesia’S Formal Leaders, Wirawan

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the power bases and conflict management styles of Indonesia’s formal leaders. French and Raven’s (1959) theory of power was used to define the power bases. Thomas and Kilmann’s (1974) theory of conflict management was used to define the conflict management styles. The study assumed that Indonesia’s formal leaders used certain kinds of power bases and conflict management styles in their leadership, and their cultural background influenced their leadership behavior.

Three null hypotheses were proposed to guide the research: (1) that there was no correlation between power bases and ...


Administrative And Faculty Development: A Study Of Academic Chairpersons, Mary Ann Bowman Dec 1991

Administrative And Faculty Development: A Study Of Academic Chairpersons, Mary Ann Bowman

Dissertations

The professional development of academic chairpersons has been neglected both by higher education institutions and as a field of study. This study focused on assessing both the perceptions of chairpersons toward administrative and faculty development and their degree of participation in development activities and roles.

A survey instrument was designed to make this assessment and was mailed to 311 chairpersons at eight midwestern public universities classified as Doctorate-Granting Universities I. The response rate was 75%, with 234 questionnaires returned .

The results of the survey showed that although chairpersons view both administrative development and faculty development as important, faculty development is ...


Readiness And Achievement Motivation: An Investigation Of The Validity Of The Readiness Scales In Hersey And Blanchard's Situational Leadership, Xiaoping Wang Dec 1991

Readiness And Achievement Motivation: An Investigation Of The Validity Of The Readiness Scales In Hersey And Blanchard's Situational Leadership, Xiaoping Wang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate the construct validity of the two instruments measuring readiness in Situational Leadership: the Readiness Scales--Manager Rating Form and Staff Member Rating Form--developed by Hambleton, Blanchard, and Hersey (1977). The study examined the relationships between readiness and achievement motivation, and between readiness and faculty education and work experience. The study also explored the concurrent validity of the two instruments measuring McClelland's (1961) achievement motivation: The Achievement Orientation Scale and The NachNaff Scale. The respondents were 66 department chairs and 156 faculty from 12 comprehensive institutions in the South. Data on faculty readiness ...


Birth Order And Self-Concept: Their Relationship To Reading Achievement, Laurie Maryjanowski Penepent Nov 1991

Birth Order And Self-Concept: Their Relationship To Reading Achievement, Laurie Maryjanowski Penepent

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant relationship between students’ birth order and reading achievement, self-concept and reading achievement, and their birth order and self-concept. Research has shown that educational achievement was influenced by birth order, and that birth order affected self-concept. A sample population of seventy-two subjects was used for this study. Subjects answered questions about their birth order and completed a self-concept scale. Their reading achievement score was taken from each subject’s permanent folder. The Chi-Square Test of Independence was used to determine if the relationship between each set of ...


An Investigative Study Of The Listening Skills Of Managers, Professional Technical And Clerical Employees At Central States Health & Life Co. Of Omaha, Kathryn Ann Gillaspie Oct 1991

An Investigative Study Of The Listening Skills Of Managers, Professional Technical And Clerical Employees At Central States Health & Life Co. Of Omaha, Kathryn Ann Gillaspie

Student Work

Effective listening is a skill that needs to be brought to the forefront in staff development programs and confronted by all levels of employees. Many jobs in the service-related industry require listening in order to accurately paraphrase customer demands and requests. Therefore, it is critical that employee listening skills are developed and reinforced as part of on-the-job training.

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a significant difference in listening skills among different levels of selected employees at Central States Health & Life Co. of Omaha and to show a need for additional training in effective listening ...


Readability: A Study Of Three Selected Stories From A Third Grade Whole Language Basal, Susan T. O'Keefe Aug 1991

Readability: A Study Of Three Selected Stories From A Third Grade Whole Language Basal, Susan T. O'Keefe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the readability levels of three third grade stories, that are found within a reading text, fall below or above the publisher's indicated readability level.

The sample group consisted of 78 third grade children. They were assessed through the means of cloze tests. There were three different tests, each one containing a passage from the story in the text. Over the Mountain from the Impressions series was analyzed. Two readability formulas, the Spache and the Lorge, were utilized in determining the readability levels of the stories independently of the publisher. The ...


Changing Attitudes Toward Physically Disabled Persons Using A Videotape Sport Intervention, Allan Bett Aug 1991

Changing Attitudes Toward Physically Disabled Persons Using A Videotape Sport Intervention, Allan Bett

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The study investigated the effect of a videotape intervention on the attitudes toward physically disabled persons. The subjects were 86 elementary and secondary students from the same school district. Utilizing a stratified random sampling technique, subjects were assigned to control and experimental groups for each age range (11 to 13 and 16 to 19z0. All subjects completed the Attitude Toward Disabled Persons Scale, Form 0, on three occasions with two-week intervals.

The experimental group witnessed a 17-minute videotape of a wheelchair basketball game before the second administration. Results of the study indicated that the experimental group experienced a positive gain ...