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1991

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Spelling Development Through Creative Writing, Kim Marie Gagie Aug 1991

Spelling Development Through Creative Writing, Kim Marie Gagie

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the spelling development of students whose spelling lists originate from their creative writing.


Kindergartner’S Oral Responses To Stories Either Told Or Read To Them, Mary Beth Ash-Jones Aug 1991

Kindergartner’S Oral Responses To Stories Either Told Or Read To Them, Mary Beth Ash-Jones

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in the quantity of words generated by kindergartners when retelling a story read to them from a book (read aloud) as compared to when a story was told orally, without a book (storytelling). The subjects of this study were 42 kindergarten students attending an urban school district in Western New York. The students listened to a story read aloud from a book. They then retold the story to an adult. The retellings were recorded. The same students listened to another story told orally, by an ...


The Effect Of The Elementary Science Methods Classes And Field Work On Student Attitudes Toward Science And Science Teaching, Gretchen A. Northrup Aug 1991

The Effect Of The Elementary Science Methods Classes And Field Work On Student Attitudes Toward Science And Science Teaching, Gretchen A. Northrup

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The attitudes of sixty-nine elementary education students toward science and science teaching were measured at three different times as they progressed through the Elementary Science Methods course at the State University of New York College at Brockport during the spring of 1991. The course was divided into two parts. During the first half of the semester, the students attended methods classes at the college. At approximately midterm, the students entered elementary schools to do field work. The instrument of measure employed was the Science Teaching Attitude Scales. The three scores for each subject were compared to determine if there was ...


Comparison Of Body Assessment Using Bioelectrical Impedance And Skinfold Measurements In The Critically Ill, Elizabeth Mae Gohlke Aug 1991

Comparison Of Body Assessment Using Bioelectrical Impedance And Skinfold Measurements In The Critically Ill, Elizabeth Mae Gohlke

Master's Theses

This investigation compared two body fat assessment techniques, skinfold thicknesses and bioelectrical impedance, in an elderly population. Ten healthy adults and ten critically ill adults, aged 55-93 years, were tested. The body fat measurements were taken over a two-week period. Electrolyte levels, sodium and potassium, and hydration status were monitored. Intraclass reliability coefficients were calculated using a repeated measures analysis design (ANOVA). Bioelectrical impedance was not found to be a reliable method for estimating body composition in this study; reliability coefficients were R =.83, R =.98, R =.83, and R =.32 for healthy males, healthy females, critically ill males, and ...


The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On A Direct Instruction Reading Program, Robert Schuyler Brooks Aug 1991

The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On A Direct Instruction Reading Program, Robert Schuyler Brooks

Master's Theses

This study evaluated the effectiveness of peer tutoring with a direct instruction reading program prior to teacher-directed instruction. Six upper level elementary students participated in the peer tutoring program and two students participated in a control group.

The findings from this study indicate that: (a) pre-exposure to direct instruction in reading lessons with peer tutoring improves student reading rate without increasing error rate, and (b) the instructional time for a teacher-directed lesson decreases when peer tutoring is a part of the reading routine. It was concluded that peer tutoring prior to teacher-directed instruction increases student reading rates without sacrificing accuracy ...


The Effects Of Goal Setting And Supervisory Feedback On Staff Performance In A Human Service Setting, Michael D. Mack Aug 1991

The Effects Of Goal Setting And Supervisory Feedback On Staff Performance In A Human Service Setting, Michael D. Mack

Master's Theses

Goal setting and supervisory feedback were examined to determine their relative effects on the performance of direct care staff. The performance of five staff from a day treatment program for developmentally disabled adults was measured. The specific performance measure of interest was staff implementation rates of daily training programs with clients. The results demonstrated that adding performance feedback to goal setting had minimal impact on staff performance. Yet, goal setting alone as an initial technique was effective in improving the performance of staff. Unfortunately, the long-term effects of goal setting alone may be less desirable than these initial data indicate ...


Repeated Acquisition With Developmentally Disabled Adults: Some Methodological Improvements, Thomas M. Rueber Aug 1991

Repeated Acquisition With Developmentally Disabled Adults: Some Methodological Improvements, Thomas M. Rueber

Master's Theses

This study obtained repeated-acquisition data from four developmentally disabled adults. The procedure was a refinement of one used earlier by Madsen (1988) and a comparison was made between the two. Verbal praise, edibles, and money were used to reinforce correct responding. In addition, an informal comparison was made between individual repeated-acquisition performance and IQ scores. The refinements of the Madsen procedure included: (1) using a 10-second timeout as the consequence of an error, (2) placing poker chips in die-cut holes, (3) using different colored construction paper backgrounds, (4) limiting each session to one sequence, (5) using percent correct responses as ...


The Effect Of Depth Jumping And Rope Jumping On The Vertical Jump Performance Of Junior High Females, Kelly Bissell Aug 1991

The Effect Of Depth Jumping And Rope Jumping On The Vertical Jump Performance Of Junior High Females, Kelly Bissell

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of depth jumping and rope jumping on vertical jump performance. The investigator used a 3 X 2 factorial design consisting of two treatment groups and one control group. Two hundred forty-one subjects in grades 6, 7, and 8 were pretested on vertical jumping ability using a jump and reach test and randomly assigned to a depth jumping group, a rope jumping group or a control group. The training period for the rope jumping and depth jumping groups consisted of two sessions each week for nine consecutive weeks. In each session ...


A Comparison Of Science And Mathematics Achievement, Attitudes, Curricular Experiences, And Career Interest Resulting From Magnet And Traditional High School Programs, Rozana Abdul Razak Aug 1991

A Comparison Of Science And Mathematics Achievement, Attitudes, Curricular Experiences, And Career Interest Resulting From Magnet And Traditional High School Programs, Rozana Abdul Razak

Dissertations

The growth of specialized schools that emphasize science and mathematics has raised questions about their efficacy in improving performance in various parameters in mathematics and science. In this study, four different components were compared. A science and mathematics experiences questionnaire determined the type and extent of student experiences in science and mathematics during high school, and student interest in science and mathematics careers. The American College Testing Program (ACT) (ACT Registration) sub-scores assessed scholastic achievement, while the determination of student attitudes towards science used the Scientific Attitude Inventory (SAI) (Moore & Sutman, 1970).

Subjects in the study consisted of three groups ...


Pregnant And Postpartum Adolescents' Appetite Compulsions, Food Preferences, And Reasons For Dietary Change, Janet Faye Pope Aug 1991

Pregnant And Postpartum Adolescents' Appetite Compulsions, Food Preferences, And Reasons For Dietary Change, Janet Faye Pope

Doctoral Dissertations

This study was conducted to examine factors influencing the nutritional habits of adolescents during and after pregnancy. Data were collected on 97 white adolescents during the third trimester of pregnancy, and on 64 of the same adolescents at one year postpartum. The study included three components: (a) an exploration of reported changes in eating habits and reasons for the changes; (b) a semi-structured interview used to obtain information about appetite compulsions (cravings, aversions, and pica); and (c) a sensory analysis of preferences for 16 specific foods.

Data showed that adolescents made positive changes in their diets during pregnancy; 64% reported ...


Reinforcement Effects On The I.Q. Scores Of Institutionalized Children And Adults With Developmental Disabilities, Jody Robin Lewis Aug 1991

Reinforcement Effects On The I.Q. Scores Of Institutionalized Children And Adults With Developmental Disabilities, Jody Robin Lewis

Master's Theses

Eighteen institutionalized school-age and adult subjects with severe/profound developmental disabilities were evaluated for the effects of self-selected reinforcement for correct responding on their I.Q. scores when tested with the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale (Terman & Merrill, 1960) or the Leiter International Performance Scale (Arthur, 1952). Subjects were tested under both standard and reinforcement conditions. The results indicated that overall, subjects when tested under reinforcement conditions showed a significant increase in mean I.Q. scores when compared with the same subjects tested one month previously under standard conditions. Several features of the data reveal intriguing results with regard to subjects and ...


Cocaine And Timing: Drug Effects Under A Mixed Fixed-Interval Extinction Schedule, Vincent O. Hodge Aug 1991

Cocaine And Timing: Drug Effects Under A Mixed Fixed-Interval Extinction Schedule, Vincent O. Hodge

Master's Theses

The effects of cocaine hydrochloride (3.2-56.2 mg/kg) were determined in rats performing under a mixed fixed-interval 60-seconds extinction 120-seconds schedule of food delivery. Responses were recorded in successive 5-second bins. With the exception of the highest dose (56.2 mg/kg), cocaine did not significantly affect rate of responding under the fixed-interval component or extinction component, or the time of peak responding under the extinction component. The highest dose significantly reduced response rates and shifted the time of peak responding leftward to quicker and earlier moments. Results are discussed in terms of possible rate- and time-dependent effects ...


An Investigation Of First Grade Students/Perceptions Of And Attitudes Toward Reading, Judy Dibattisto-Azzolino Jul 1991

An Investigation Of First Grade Students/Perceptions Of And Attitudes Toward Reading, Judy Dibattisto-Azzolino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in order to investigate and compare first grade students/perceptions of and attitudes toward reading.

The subjects consisted of 110 first grade students. These participants were asked to complete a ten-question attitude survey and also answer ten interview questions concerning reading. These oral responses were tape recorded and transcribed.

The surveys and interviews were then examined and condensed. Responses to questions were descriptively analyzed and divided into categories. Percentages of similar responses were reported. These percentages varied among the questions.


Principal's Administrative Behavior, Strategic Planning, Organizational Structure, Innovative Strategy, School Climate And Their Relation To Student Achievement And Attendance In Selected Schools, Obadiah T. Yusufu Jul 1991

Principal's Administrative Behavior, Strategic Planning, Organizational Structure, Innovative Strategy, School Climate And Their Relation To Student Achievement And Attendance In Selected Schools, Obadiah T. Yusufu

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Prevalence Of Condom Use Among Junior College Students, Alfredia Weaver Jul 1991

Assessing The Prevalence Of Condom Use Among Junior College Students, Alfredia Weaver

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

Statement of Purpose. The purpose of this study was to assess junior college students' prevalence of condom use, risk behaviors, attitudes toward AIDS, and sources of knowledge regarding AIDS. Method. The descriptive survey research technique was used. Subjects. One hundred and two subjects participated. Instrument. The instrument was developed, by the writer, and field-tested. Findings. The data indicate that the subjects surveyed in these two studies, are not taking seriously the recommended life-style changes for risk reduction. Conclusions. The findings in this survey are consistent with findings in other studies regarding college students' risk behaviors, condom uses, and attitudes regarding ...


Teachers' Perceptions Of The Routines Of Principals That Contribute To Improved Achievement In Predominantly African-American Schools, Bobby E. Tuggle Jul 1991

Teachers' Perceptions Of The Routines Of Principals That Contribute To Improved Achievement In Predominantly African-American Schools, Bobby E. Tuggle

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

There is a performance gap in our society. Most African-American schools are scoring at or near the bottom in most school districts. This study examines teachers' perceptions of a principal's routines to identify actions that contribute to improved achievement of African- American children.

Information was obtained from a search of literature, and survey questionnaires were sent to teachers in a highand low-achieving school in Fulton County. The question naire was taken from the strong leadership dimension of the School Climate Assessment Questionnaire that was developed cooperatively by the Seattle Public Schools and the University of Washington. Factors that were ...


A Survey Of Middle School Teachers' Perceptions And Practices Of Discipline And The Relationships To Student Discipline Rederrals, Homer E. Thornton Jul 1991

A Survey Of Middle School Teachers' Perceptions And Practices Of Discipline And The Relationships To Student Discipline Rederrals, Homer E. Thornton

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree to which student discipline referrals were related to teachers' perceptions of discipline procedures in addition to other variables such as student grade level, administrative teacher rating, teacher sex, teacher experience, and ITBS scores.

The study was conducted through the use of a validated 28 item questionnaire designed and field tested through several Performance Assessment Laboratories. Fifty-seven (57) teachers assigned to Bear Creek Middle School for the 1990-91 school year were selected to participate in the study. The 50 students who participated had been referred for discipline violations. They were matched ...


Pearl S. Buck's Concept Of The Home-Angel In Three Novels: The Time Is Noon, All Under Heaven And The Goddess Abides, Sanoma Irons Goodwill Jul 1991

Pearl S. Buck's Concept Of The Home-Angel In Three Novels: The Time Is Noon, All Under Heaven And The Goddess Abides, Sanoma Irons Goodwill

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the Department of English, Foreign Languages and Philosophy at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master of Arts in English by Sanoma Irons Goodwill in July of 1991.


Cognitive Learning Styles And Their Relation To Air Traffic Control Screening And Training, Vincent P. Galotti Jun 1991

Cognitive Learning Styles And Their Relation To Air Traffic Control Screening And Training, Vincent P. Galotti

Theses - Daytona Beach

The purpose of this study was to show a relationship between the type of cognitive learning style that an individual possesses and their subsequent success at simulated air traffic control practical exercises. Kolb's Learning Style Inventory was utilized to determine dominant learning styles of 30 college students enrolled in a laboratory-based air traffic control course. The instrument was administered during the first day of classes in the Fall of 1990. Students were placed in one of four groups for statistical purposes according to learning style. The scores of simulated micro-computer based air traffic control practical exercises given at semester ...


Siblings Of The Mildly Mentally Handicapped, Courtney Sanders-Warmack Jun 1991

Siblings Of The Mildly Mentally Handicapped, Courtney Sanders-Warmack

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

Ten students were mailed postcards inviting them to participate in the study. The student's demographic data and background data were completed on-site by the researcher. The purpose of this study was to recognize the nonhandicapped sibling, and to examine stress as a factor influencing expressed attitudes towards the handicapped sibling. The research question for this study was: (1) Is there a difference in the levels of stress in siblings of handicapped children as indicated on the Child Anxiety Scale? The Null Hypothesis was: There is no difference in the level of stress as measured by the Child Anxiety Scale ...


Spiritual Care Given By Nurses And Spiritual Well-Being Of Terminally Ill Cancer Patients, Patricia Sanders Broten Jun 1991

Spiritual Care Given By Nurses And Spiritual Well-Being Of Terminally Ill Cancer Patients, Patricia Sanders Broten

Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to explore: (1) cancer patients' perceptions of spiritual care given by nurses, (2) the documentation on records of the provision of care, and (3) the relationship of spiritual care provided to the spiritual well-being of patients.

Forty terminally ill cancer patients hospitalized on oncology units at three medical centers were surveyed about the nature and scope of spiritual care provided by nurses and others, and their perceptions of their spiritual well-being. Data were collected by trained registered nurses who administered two questionnaires to which patients responded orally.

The following is the list of spiritual ...


A Classroom Meeting Model For Teacher Use In Classroom Management, Gerald L. Lecureux Jun 1991

A Classroom Meeting Model For Teacher Use In Classroom Management, Gerald L. Lecureux

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop, validate, and field test a classroom meeting model to aid in classroom management. In the review of literature, six common beliefs were found. Four classroom management models were discussed in relationship to each belief and a classroom meeting model was then developed. Control Theory (Glasser, 1984) was selected as a psychological base.

The Classroom Meeting Model may be illustrated as an equilateral triangle. The angles represent three types of classroom meetings: relationship development, rule and consequence determination, and problem solving. Along the sides, elements of the meetings are represented: basic needs, components ...


Developing Language Through A Musical Program And Its Effect On The Reading Achievement Of Spanish Speaking Migrant Children, Dora Dominguez Jun 1991

Developing Language Through A Musical Program And Its Effect On The Reading Achievement Of Spanish Speaking Migrant Children, Dora Dominguez

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a language development program that uses music as a medium of instruction on the reading achievement of Spanish speaking migrant children. Fifty-one preschool aged subjects from a Title I (Michigan Department of Education, 1987) Summer Migrant Education Program participated in the study.

The subjects were randomly divided into 2 groups. They were provided oral language instruction to help them acquire the language of the basal readers. In other words, the vocabulary and language patterns found in a basal reading program were built into the daily language lessons. In the ...


Characteristics Of Nursing Home Administrators: Perceived Influencers On Own Career Paths, Shirley L. Cornelius Jun 1991

Characteristics Of Nursing Home Administrators: Perceived Influencers On Own Career Paths, Shirley L. Cornelius

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe the positive and negative influencers perceived by men and women as having contributed to their successful attainment of the position of nursing home administrator, focusing attention especially on any differences between male and female respondents as to the influences reported.

A survey was sent to a random sample of 325 individuals (26% of 1,250) who held a license to practice as a nursing home administrator in the state of Michigan. There were 197 completed responses, resulting in a response rate of 60.6%. Of those responding, there were 86 males (43 ...


The Relationship Between The Attitudes Of Directors And Instructors And Student Ratings In Remedial And Developmental Studies In Tennessee's Community Colleges, Carolyn H. Brown May 1991

The Relationship Between The Attitudes Of Directors And Instructors And Student Ratings In Remedial And Developmental Studies In Tennessee's Community Colleges, Carolyn H. Brown

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if a relationship existed between the attitudes of remedial and developmental directors and instructors and student ratings. A population of 230 full-time directors and instructors and 3,269 remedial students were surveyed in the Fall of 1990. The return rate was 95% for the directors and instructors with the student rate dependent upon instructors administering the instruments. Two instruments were developed--one to measure the attitudes of directors and instructors and one for student ratings of instructors. Seven null hypotheses were formulated; 5 were retained and 2 rejected, at the.05 level of ...


Metacognitive Skills Training: Its Effect On Comprehension In An Urban Reading Laboratory, Christine C. Parker May 1991

Metacognitive Skills Training: Its Effect On Comprehension In An Urban Reading Laboratory, Christine C. Parker

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study investigated whether metacognitive skills training would have any effect on the comprehension of southeastern, urban students in a high school compensatory reading laboratory. The pre-experimental one-group design was used for subjects in an eighth and a ninth grade class. Instruments used in data collection for pretest/posttest analysis were the Metacomprehension Strategy Index and the Plasment Reading Achievement Lab Test. The t test for dependent samples was used to analyze the data and test two of the null hypotheses. A third instrument was a checklist which was field-tested by reading specialists and students of similar demographic characteristics as ...


An Investigation Into Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Their Own Writing Through The Use Of A Valid Writing Attitudes Instrument, Pamela Brady May 1991

An Investigation Into Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Their Own Writing Through The Use Of A Valid Writing Attitudes Instrument, Pamela Brady

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated teachers’ attitudes towards their personal writing using the Linn writing attitude scale. The researcher classified twelve elementary teachers as either perceived positive (6) or negative (6) in their attitudes towards their writing. The researcher then evaluated the teachers using the Linn writing attitude scale to see if their scores matched the researcher’s initial perceptions. Two independent district personnel were chosen as interraters to evaluate the twelve teachers using the researcher’s methods in order to establish data reliability. Of the twelve teachers, only two were found to have writing attitudes that did not match the researcher ...


A Study Of Preschool Children Telling “Book Stories”, Maureen Maas-Feary May 1991

A Study Of Preschool Children Telling “Book Stories”, Maureen Maas-Feary

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of information preschool children who had been exposed to books and stories had internalized about books and stories. Developmental differences regarding knowledge of story elements and book-reading conventions observed between 3- and 5-year-olds were also probed. A wordless picture book was used to prompt the children to produce oral versions of the story depicted.

The subjects were eight 3-year-olds and eight 5-year-olds enrolled in nursery schools in western New

York.

The researcher tape-recorded the children telling or "reading" their stories and also recorded book-reading behaviors exhibited. The stories were then ...


A Description Of The Read Aloud Practices Of Elementary School Teachers, Leslie H. Kociuba May 1991

A Description Of The Read Aloud Practices Of Elementary School Teachers, Leslie H. Kociuba

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine the read aloud practices of elementary school teachers. It also looked at those practices in regards to the differences exhibited between the different grade levels, and the teachers' different philosophies of reading instruction.

Thirty-one teachers responded to a questionnaire designed to elicit their read aloud behaviors. The responses were recorded, tallied, and categorized according to the frequency and the similarities of the responses. These responses were then descriptively analyzed according to the three questions posed by the researcher.

The findings revealed that many teachers are using the read aloud activity as a part of ...


The Relationship Between Leadership Behavior Of Academic Deans In Public Universities And Job Satisfaction Of Department Chairpersons, Zhi L. Xu May 1991

The Relationship Between Leadership Behavior Of Academic Deans In Public Universities And Job Satisfaction Of Department Chairpersons, Zhi L. Xu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between perceptions of academic deans and department chairpersons regarding the leadership behavior of deans; and, to determine the relationship between perceived leadership behavior of deans and job satisfaction of department chairpersons in the public institutions of higher education. The study involved a random sample of 50 academic deans and 285 department chairpersons at public universities in Tennessee. Testing of five null hypotheses was based upon responses of 42 academic deans (84%) and 173 department chairpersons (60%). The Leadership behavior of academic deans was measured by the Leadership Practices Inventory ...