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Full-Text Articles in Education

Toward A General Model Of Social Control And School Related Violations, Robin E. Sowell Jan 1991

Toward A General Model Of Social Control And School Related Violations, Robin E. Sowell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Siblings Of Elementary Gifted Students: The Sibling Relationship, Self-Concept And Classroom Behavior, Karen Elizabeth Poe West Jan 1991

Siblings Of Elementary Gifted Students: The Sibling Relationship, Self-Concept And Classroom Behavior, Karen Elizabeth Poe West

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study was undertaken for the purpose of determining if the siblings of gifted elementary students differ significantly from siblings of non-gifted elementary students in sibling affection, self-concept, or observable classroom behavior; and to investigate the relationship between sibling affection and self-concept, sibling affection and observable classroom behavior, and self-concept and observable classroom behavior.;The sample was selected from a large, urban school district located in the Mid-South. Thirty-eight pairs of siblings were selected from two-sibling families in which both children were enrolled in grades 3 through 6. Group 1 (Gifted/Siblings) consisted of first-born children who were state certified ...


The Utility Of A Computerized Assessment Battery To Evaluate Cognitive Functioning And Attention, Carl Richard Ellis Jan 1991

The Utility Of A Computerized Assessment Battery To Evaluate Cognitive Functioning And Attention, Carl Richard Ellis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In recent years much attention has been given to the application of computer technology to psychometric methods, but researchers have concentrated on adapting traditional methods of psychological testing to the new technology instead of utilizing it to develop innovative methods of assessment. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a computerized assessment battery designed to evaluate cognitive functioning and attention could demonstrate reliability and validity. The Computerized Cognitive Assessment Battery (CCAB) was developed according to the PASS Model of Cognitive Functioning and administered via a Macintosh computer and test results included response style variables (mouse movement and response ...


The Call Of The Wild: Investigating The Relationship Between Adventure Education, Character Development, And The College Curriculum, Barbara Ann Klingman Jan 1991

The Call Of The Wild: Investigating The Relationship Between Adventure Education, Character Development, And The College Curriculum, Barbara Ann Klingman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this research was to investigate the potential utilization of adventure education programs to provide an effective and innovative alternative for enhancing the college undergraduate experience. Initial research consisted of performing an indepth study of higher education's curriculum reform literature and studies and literature on adventure education programs. Specific components of the curriculum reform literature regarding character development were then correlated with attributes discovered in the adventure education literature. The interrelationship that developed provided a theoretical rationale from which to propose that adventure education programs could indeed address many of the objectives of the recommended curriculum.;The ...


A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Public College And University Support Service Programs For Students With Disabilities In The Commonwealth Of Virginia: Do They Offer What They Purport To Offer?, Betty Jo Buck Jan 1991

A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Public College And University Support Service Programs For Students With Disabilities In The Commonwealth Of Virginia: Do They Offer What They Purport To Offer?, Betty Jo Buck

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The implementation of Public Law 94-142 (amended in 1990 by Public Law 101-476) guaranteed individuals with disabilities a quality public education. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 opened the doors of postsecondary educational institutions to individuals with disabilities wishing to continue their educations past high school. This influx of diverse individuals to colleges/universities has created a need for support service programs to assist, guide, and ensure the success of this population. Postsecondary institutions have responded to this need by creating offices that provide a variety of services to students with disabilities. It was the purpose of this ...


Efficacy Of Self-Instructional Training In The Management Of Test Anxiety: A Primary Prevention Model, Rita Schreyer Wagner Jan 1991

Efficacy Of Self-Instructional Training In The Management Of Test Anxiety: A Primary Prevention Model, Rita Schreyer Wagner

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a program of self-instructional training, presented as part of the regular classroom guidance curriculum, in the reduction of test anxiety and improvement of test performance in third grade children.;The sample consisted of 88 third grade students enrolled in regular education in an elementary school. Intact classes were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. A nonequivalent control group research design was used. Dependent variables were test anxiety, academic achievement, and test performance and were measured by the Test Anxiety Scale for Children, the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement ...


Coping With Siblings And Peers: How College Students Deal With Stress On Interpersonal And Individual Bases, Deborah J. Kennerson Jan 1991

Coping With Siblings And Peers: How College Students Deal With Stress On Interpersonal And Individual Bases, Deborah J. Kennerson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Of Codependence To Career Choice, Karen Hinderliter Barnett Jan 1991

The Relationship Of Codependence To Career Choice, Karen Hinderliter Barnett

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible correlation between codependency and career choice. A review of the literature seems to indicate that the helping professions attract people who are "prone" to codependency. For this reason, this study focused on four groups of undergraduate students: nursing students, psychology students, and social work majors, as the "helping profession" students, and students majoring in business-related fields. The study was also designed to provide empirical evidence to conplement the descriptive studies which have been the main source of information available up to the present time.;Subjects were drawn from students attending ...


The Transformation Of Madison College Into James Madison University: A Case Study, Emily Gillespie Robertson Jan 1991

The Transformation Of Madison College Into James Madison University: A Case Study, Emily Gillespie Robertson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purposes of this qualitative study were to investigate the transformation of Madison College, a small Virginia women's state teachers college, into James Madison University, a nationally recognized coeducational, comprehensive university, and to examine the effect of President Ronald E. Carrier's charismatic leadership on the transformation. This metamorphosis took place in just twelve years.;The Strategic Planning Model developed by Kotler and Fox in Strategic Marketing for Educational Institutions (1985) was used as a framework to evaluate the strategic plans used by Madison's administrators to change the institution's image. Criteria for charismatic leadership espoused by Burton ...


An Exploration Of Patterns Of Influence Shaping Rural Gifted Students. (Volumes I And Ii), Donna Pugh Owen Jan 1991

An Exploration Of Patterns Of Influence Shaping Rural Gifted Students. (Volumes I And Ii), Donna Pugh Owen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study is to identify social and intellectual sources of influence shaping 14 gifted high school seniors in one rural culture, to delineate patterns among those sources of influence, and to generate questions for further investigation of giftedness--primarily in a rural culture.;All 14 seniors attending the single public high school in a rural county in eastern Virginia who had been identified according to state guidelines as gifted by school division personnel were selected as subjects for this case study research. The triangulated data collection methods used in this study encompass interviews, observations, and the examination of ...


An Investigation And Analysis Of Educator Perceptions Of Mainstreaming Mildly Handicapped Students In Grades 5-9 In Randomly Selected Urban And Rural School Divisions In Virginia Public Schools, Pamela Buckner Riedel Jan 1991

An Investigation And Analysis Of Educator Perceptions Of Mainstreaming Mildly Handicapped Students In Grades 5-9 In Randomly Selected Urban And Rural School Divisions In Virginia Public Schools, Pamela Buckner Riedel

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions that school principals, directors of special education/directors of pupil personnel/psychologists, regular educators, and special educators in Virginia public schools have of the process of integrating educable mentally retarded, learning disabled, and emotionally disturbed students into regular classes in grades 5-9. The study sought to examine mainstreaming perceptions of educators, factors that underlie educator perceptions, and obtain individual qualitative accounts of educator perspectives regarding the availability of instructional resources within their school divisions.;The Survey of Educator Perceptions of Enhancing and Restraining Forces Related to the Integration of Mildly ...


An Investigation Of Eligibility Decision Congruence Among School Administrators, Psychologists, And Social Workers For Virginia's Developmentally Delayed Population, John William Faircloth Jan 1991

An Investigation Of Eligibility Decision Congruence Among School Administrators, Psychologists, And Social Workers For Virginia's Developmentally Delayed Population, John William Faircloth

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The study investigated the construct of eligibility decision congruence as it applied to professional decision-makers for children with suspected developmental delays. Professional status and judgement format were the key variables of interest. Three distinct professional groups were surveyed: school administrators, psychologists, and social workers. The control group used professional judgement to determine eligibility, whereas the experimental group used a structured worksheet and eligibility criteria. One hundred and twenty subjects participated in a simulation of the eligibility decision process. Each subject was given five case summaries. A correct determination of eligibility was established for each case based on the decision of ...


Antecedents Of Maternal-Infant Attachment: A Longitudinal Study, Jacqueline Jeanne White Jan 1991

Antecedents Of Maternal-Infant Attachment: A Longitudinal Study, Jacqueline Jeanne White

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation was designed to measure the longitudinal effects of several maternal and infant variables, on the security of attachment as assessed by the Strange Situation. The sixty mother-infant dyads who participated in this study were recruited from three Tidewater prenatal clinics. The goal of this dissertation was to determine the correlation of maternal and infant constructs with the criterion variables of maternal perception of her baby and the Strange Situation. The statistical technique of path analysis was utilized to analyze data collected over five periods: prenatal, postpartum, three-, six- and sixteen-months. The results of the path analysis revealed that ...


An Exception To The Rule: Bank Street College Of Education As An Independent Professional School (1916-1990), Jane M. Bailey Jan 1991

An Exception To The Rule: Bank Street College Of Education As An Independent Professional School (1916-1990), Jane M. Bailey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This historical case study of Bank Street College of Education examines the organizational arrangement of an independent professional school as an alternative to standard college/university-based schools of education. Bank Street College of Education claims to be a school with a clear, purposeful mission that is organized in a free-standing arrangement. This study tests the efficacy of that claim by looking at five criteria for schools of education: clear mission, strong leadership, consonant external relations, mission-supported research, and strong structure; over five periods of time.;Using Burton Clark's (1971) theory of organizational saga and Grant and Riesman's (1978 ...


An Investigation Of The Effects Of Personal Mastery Counseling On Goal Attainment, Self-Concept, Locus-Of-Control, And Behavior Ratings Of Junior High School Students, Lawrence Edward Sutton Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Effects Of Personal Mastery Counseling On Goal Attainment, Self-Concept, Locus-Of-Control, And Behavior Ratings Of Junior High School Students, Lawrence Edward Sutton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study focused on the effectiveness of Personal Mastery Counseling (PMC), a small-group cognitive-behavioral approach to counseling. Thirty 7th grade male volunteers were assigned, 10 subjects per group, to a PMC group, a bibliotherapy group, or a No-Treatment Control group. The PMC group participated in ten 55-minute counseling sessions. The PMC group leader helped the subjects identify and eliminate self-defeating behaviors by teaching them how to set behavioral goals, accept personal responsibility, practice new behaviors, and monitor improvement. The bibliotherapy group participated in ten 55-minute sessions with assigned readings and discussions on eliminating self-defeating behaviors and improving self-concept. The No-Treatment ...


The Politics Of Choice: An Analysis Of The Presidential Search And Selection Process, Michael Thomas Kelly Jan 1991

The Politics Of Choice: An Analysis Of The Presidential Search And Selection Process, Michael Thomas Kelly

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation analyzes the process of searching for and selecting a college or university president. Many researchers in the field of higher education have provided commentaries in the form of books and articles on the realities of search and selection procedures. as one composite voice, how do they assess the status of current hiring practices? Also, experts in presidential searches have offered their views on the subject in the form of search guides designed for boards of trustees and administrative personnel to make this activity better understood and more efficient. What the dissertation examines is whether or not these guides ...


The Public Service Aspect Of William And Mary's Mission: 1906-1972, Kathryn Jean S. Patterson Jan 1991

The Public Service Aspect Of William And Mary's Mission: 1906-1972, Kathryn Jean S. Patterson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Teaching, research, and service constitute the three commonly articulated missions of American colleges and universities. The purpose of this study was (1) to examine whether public service is a viable element of the college mission or a marginal activity and (2) to analyze the forces that shape the public service responsibility of a given institution. The specific aspect of public service addressed is the college's role in providing continuing educational opportunities for adults in the surrounding community.;The College of William and Mary in Virginia was selected as a case study because of the wide variations it has undergone ...


The Relationship Between Cooperating Teachers' Feedback Styles And The Intrinsic Motivation Of Student Teachers, Richard Newton Weber Jan 1991

The Relationship Between Cooperating Teachers' Feedback Styles And The Intrinsic Motivation Of Student Teachers, Richard Newton Weber

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research sought to answer the question: Does the relationship between supervisors' feedback styles and supervisees' levels of intrinsic motivation and the subscales of intrinsic motivation, found in other settings, exist in student teaching? The sample consisted of 252 student teachers from Old Dominion University and their cooperating teachers. This group included all of the spring, 1991, semester student teachers who chose to participate (30 chose not to) and represented a wide variety of cultural and economic backgrounds.;A correlational methodology was used, employing Pearson's r values for the relationships between cooperating teachers' feedback styles as measured on the ...


The Effect Of Computer-Assisted Instruction In Improving Mathematics Performance Of Low-Achieving Ninth-Grade Students, Thomas Everett Bailey Jan 1991

The Effect Of Computer-Assisted Instruction In Improving Mathematics Performance Of Low-Achieving Ninth-Grade Students, Thomas Everett Bailey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine whether computer assisted instruction of mathematics produces significantly greater improvement in mathematics performance of low achieving ninth grade students than teaching mathematics skills without computer assisted instruction.;The sample consisted of four classes (N = 46) of ninth grade students who had registered for the course "Mathematics Nine," and whose eighth grade ITBS scores fell between the 1st and 30th national percentile. Identified students were randomly assigned to one of four instructors and one of two instructional groups (computer assisted instruction or non computer instruction). Two classes with different instructors were taught the ...


The Personal Motivation System Of Hispanic Female Students As Measured By The Picture Identification Test, Martha Lazcano Muguira Jan 1991

The Personal Motivation System Of Hispanic Female Students As Measured By The Picture Identification Test, Martha Lazcano Muguira

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study explored the qualities that distinguished a select group of college freshmen women (National Hispanic Scholars) from a general sample of Hispanic women as assessed by the PIT (Picture Identification Test) a semi-projective systems-oriented instrument that measures motivation (Chambers, 1988). The PIT was mailed to 496 Women Scholars, and administered to self-identified Hispanic freshmen women who attended four universities in the United States for the first time in the Fall of 1990. Results were based on the responses of 99 Ss (Select Group), and 57 Ss (Regular Group) who completed the PIT and fulfilled the criteria.;The specific hypothesis ...


The Current Attitudes Of Principals And Teachers Regarding Mainstreaming In Virginia Middle-Level Schools, Janice Landmesser Farley Jan 1991

The Current Attitudes Of Principals And Teachers Regarding Mainstreaming In Virginia Middle-Level Schools, Janice Landmesser Farley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated the relationship between the attitudes of principals and teachers toward mainstreaming and the level of comfort participants felt toward special education and mainstreaming. Sixty-five large and small middle schools from the state of Virginia were randomly selected to participate in this study. Participants completed demographic/information sheets, the Attitude Towards Mainstreaming Scale (ATMS), and the Comfortability Scale for Special Education (CSSE). Data were analyzed using statistical methods.;The following research questions were explored (1) do the current attitudes of school personnel differ from previous findings, (2) does a middle level principal's attitude relate to a middle ...


Racism And Race Relations In The University, Darryl K. Brown Jan 1991

Racism And Race Relations In The University, Darryl K. Brown

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Characteristics Associated With Corporate Colleges, Jean Simpson Rose Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Characteristics Associated With Corporate Colleges, Jean Simpson Rose

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of change in corporate colleges between 1985 and 1989 and to examine the evolution of these institutions to structures and programs which more closely resemble traditional institutions of higher education. A random sample of three institutions was selected for analysis from the first of corporate colleges identified in the Carnegie Study, Corporate Classrooms: The Learning Business, conducted in 1985.;Data collection instruments were sent to 17 of the institutions identified in the Carnegie Study. of the institutions contacted, 11 responded which represented a return rate of 64.7 percent. All ...


Effects Of A Cognitive-Behavioral Program Designed To Increase The Reading Comprehension Skills Of Learning-Disabled Students, Jane Pindar Reilly Jan 1991

Effects Of A Cognitive-Behavioral Program Designed To Increase The Reading Comprehension Skills Of Learning-Disabled Students, Jane Pindar Reilly

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral approach to reading comprehension instruction. An important component of the intervention was a training course for teachers designed to communicate a conceptual framework for understanding the comprehension deficits of learning disabled (LD) children.;The sample included 39 elementary and middle school students who were identified as learning disabled. Intact classes were assigned to the treatment or control group. The nonequivalent control-group design was used, and data was examined using analysis of covariance. Dependent variables were reading comprehension as measured by the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Tests and locus of ...


Higher Education's Hidden Craftsmen: A Re-Examination Of The Roles Of Support Services Middle Management, Robert Kimball Seal Jan 1991

Higher Education's Hidden Craftsmen: A Re-Examination Of The Roles Of Support Services Middle Management, Robert Kimball Seal

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research was designed to determine any differences that have occurred in the last fifteen years regarding the demographics, roles, responsibilities, and job satisfaction of support services middle management in higher education.;A sample of mid-level administrators in the state of Virginia responded to a demographics questionnaire and to the Job Descriptive Index (JDI) and Job in General Scale (JIG), two tests of job satisfaction.;The results showed that there has been no appreciable differences in the types of positions or the inherent responsibilities in the last 15 years. These positions were still dominated by white males by a two-to-one ...


Learning And Study Strategies Inventory (Lassi): A Validity Study, Anne Witt Perkins Jan 1991

Learning And Study Strategies Inventory (Lassi): A Validity Study, Anne Witt Perkins

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the construct and predictive validity of the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI). The LASSI is an instrument designed to assess utilization of learning and study strategies and methods for the purpose of measuring strategy use, diagnosing deficiencies, and prescribing intervention. The literature suggests that valid instruments of this type are sadly lacking. The LASSI User's Manual, however, presents no statistical evidence of instrument validity. The need for this verification became crucial with The College of William and Mary's selection of the inventory for administration to the 1990 freshman class ...


Keeping The House In Order: Government Regulations And Campus Compliance. A Case Study Of Section 504 Of The Rehabilitation Act Of 1973 And Compliance By The College Of William And Mary, Robbie Lee Cordle Jan 1991

Keeping The House In Order: Government Regulations And Campus Compliance. A Case Study Of Section 504 Of The Rehabilitation Act Of 1973 And Compliance By The College Of William And Mary, Robbie Lee Cordle

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The topic of this study is federal regulations and university compliance. The purpose is to understand university compliance with public policy; the approach used is a case study of one particular university, the College of William and Mary, and its compliance measures with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Areas that are reviewed are as follows: (I) Public Policy and Compliance of Colleges; (II) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973; (III) Organizational Behavior: College Response to External Mandates; (IV) Particular Case School: The College of William and Mary, Circa 1693.;This study looks at broad interpretations ...


Reactions To Spousal Death Resulting From Cancer: A Descriptive Study Of Anticipatory Grief And The Cognitive Appraisal Of The Loss Of A Spouse, Jennifer Claire Kinyon Elison Jan 1991

Reactions To Spousal Death Resulting From Cancer: A Descriptive Study Of Anticipatory Grief And The Cognitive Appraisal Of The Loss Of A Spouse, Jennifer Claire Kinyon Elison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study described spousal reactions to loss following a cancer related death. Anticipatory grieving behaviors and variables unique to cancer were examined using Lazarus' cognitive appraisal paradigm. An interview which focused on self-reported changes in thoughts and feelings from time of diagnosis to the time of the death was administered by the researcher to thirty men and/or women whose spouses had died from cancer over the past two and a half years.;Individual responses to the interview questions were categorized according to type of response. The findings suggest that the majority of men and/or women whose spouses have ...


A Comparison Of The Performance Of Students Prepared For Study At Old Dominion University Through A Developmental Program With Those Accepted Directly From Secondary Schools, Nathaniel Elias Villaire Jan 1991

A Comparison Of The Performance Of Students Prepared For Study At Old Dominion University Through A Developmental Program With Those Accepted Directly From Secondary Schools, Nathaniel Elias Villaire

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the performance of freshmen, as measured by cumulative GPA, who received developmental preparation at the college level with those who were prepared by the secondary school systems. The author's intention was to obtain data for accountability of institutional performance and provide public officials with a program effectiveness base.;Data were obtained from the institutional research office of Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia on all entering freshmen students for the years 1988 and 1989. The data base was sanitized for confidentiality and contained information on the sex, age, ethnic background, high ...


An Investigation Of The Effects Of Breach Of Confidentiality Of Adolescents' Level Of Trust, Carolyn Bosta Warrick Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Effects Of Breach Of Confidentiality Of Adolescents' Level Of Trust, Carolyn Bosta Warrick

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of breach of confidentiality on adolescents' level of trust using a pretest/posttest control group experimental design. The study used a normal population of eighth grade middle school students enrolled in average regular education classes in the Hampton Public School System. The initial sample consisted of 162 students (123 of which completed the entire study), designated as high or low trusters based on their scores on Rotter's Interpersonal Trust Scale, who were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups, and the groups randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment ...