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1991

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Curriculum and Instruction

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effect Of The Elementary Science Methods Classes And Field Work On Student Attitudes Toward Science And Science Teaching, Gretchen A. Northrup Aug 1991

The Effect Of The Elementary Science Methods Classes And Field Work On Student Attitudes Toward Science And Science Teaching, Gretchen A. Northrup

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The attitudes of sixty-nine elementary education students toward science and science teaching were measured at three different times as they progressed through the Elementary Science Methods course at the State University of New York College at Brockport during the spring of 1991. The course was divided into two parts. During the first half of the semester, the students attended methods classes at the college. At approximately midterm, the students entered elementary schools to do field work. The instrument of measure employed was the Science Teaching Attitude Scales. The three scores for each subject were compared to determine if there was ...


Metacognitive Skills Training: Its Effect On Comprehension In An Urban Reading Laboratory, Christine C. Parker May 1991

Metacognitive Skills Training: Its Effect On Comprehension In An Urban Reading Laboratory, Christine C. Parker

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study investigated whether metacognitive skills training would have any effect on the comprehension of southeastern, urban students in a high school compensatory reading laboratory. The pre-experimental one-group design was used for subjects in an eighth and a ninth grade class. Instruments used in data collection for pretest/posttest analysis were the Metacomprehension Strategy Index and the Plasment Reading Achievement Lab Test. The t test for dependent samples was used to analyze the data and test two of the null hypotheses. A third instrument was a checklist which was field-tested by reading specialists and students of similar demographic characteristics as ...


A Study Of Preschool Children Telling “Book Stories”, Maureen Maas-Feary May 1991

A Study Of Preschool Children Telling “Book Stories”, Maureen Maas-Feary

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of information preschool children who had been exposed to books and stories had internalized about books and stories. Developmental differences regarding knowledge of story elements and book-reading conventions observed between 3- and 5-year-olds were also probed. A wordless picture book was used to prompt the children to produce oral versions of the story depicted.

The subjects were eight 3-year-olds and eight 5-year-olds enrolled in nursery schools in western New

York.

The researcher tape-recorded the children telling or "reading" their stories and also recorded book-reading behaviors exhibited. The stories were then ...


A Description Of The Read Aloud Practices Of Elementary School Teachers, Leslie H. Kociuba May 1991

A Description Of The Read Aloud Practices Of Elementary School Teachers, Leslie H. Kociuba

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine the read aloud practices of elementary school teachers. It also looked at those practices in regards to the differences exhibited between the different grade levels, and the teachers' different philosophies of reading instruction.

Thirty-one teachers responded to a questionnaire designed to elicit their read aloud behaviors. The responses were recorded, tallied, and categorized according to the frequency and the similarities of the responses. These responses were then descriptively analyzed according to the three questions posed by the researcher.

The findings revealed that many teachers are using the read aloud activity as a part of ...


Strategies And Skills Used By Middle School Students During The Solving Of Non-Routine Mathematics Problems, Terry D. Rose May 1991

Strategies And Skills Used By Middle School Students During The Solving Of Non-Routine Mathematics Problems, Terry D. Rose

Doctoral Dissertations

This study was conducted to determine the processes and strategies selected middle school students use during the solving of non-routine mathematics problems. Qualitative research methods were used to identify the cognitive and metacognitive skills and processes used in problem solving and to determine the affective influences on the problem solving process.

Six middle grade students were selected to participate in the study. Each student was interviewed four times. The first interview was conducted in order to develop student profiles by obtaining information about each student's family, school, and mathematics background. The second and third interviews consisted of two phases ...


Using Technology To Improve Equity Of Curriculum Access For Students In Michigan's Upper Peninsula, Herbert L. Harroun Apr 1991

Using Technology To Improve Equity Of Curriculum Access For Students In Michigan's Upper Peninsula, Herbert L. Harroun

Dissertations

In this study, the curriculum offerings available to students attending 50 of the 54 high schools in Michigan's Upper Peninsula (U .P .) that responded to the survey were compared to the offerings identified as requisites of a modern comprehensive Michigan high school, particularly in the areas of English and communications skills , social studies, mathematics, science, and foreign languages. Upper Peninsula student enrollment levels in those core curriculum areas in 1989-90 were analyzed to determine the impact the adoption of the course study recommendations in the Michigan K-12 Program Standards of Quality (Michigan State Board of Education, 1987) throughout the ...


Teacher Change And A Direct Instruction Reading Approach : A Multiple-Case Study, Shirley Ann Freed Jan 1991

Teacher Change And A Direct Instruction Reading Approach : A Multiple-Case Study, Shirley Ann Freed

Dissertations

Problem. Using a qualitative research design this study documented the process of change experienced by four elementary teachers as they learned a direct instruction reading approach. The literature reveals that teacher implementation is affected by psychological state, school climate, and conceptual level; however, the goal of this study was to examine the effects of cognition and working conditions.

Method. The author was involved as a participant-observer with 20 volunteer teachers as they attended a three-week intensive training session which involved presentation of theory, demonstrations, practice, and feedback. In the school year immediately following the training, nine teachers implemented the ECRI ...


Integrated Thematic Instruction : A Descriptive Case Study Of Its Adaptation And Implementation, Premalatha Gaikwad Jan 1991

Integrated Thematic Instruction : A Descriptive Case Study Of Its Adaptation And Implementation, Premalatha Gaikwad

Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to describe the operational form of the innovation--Integrated Thematic Instruction within the context of its implementation.

An embedded single case study design was used to carry out this qualitative study, with Integrated Thematic Instruction (ITI) as the unit of the case study. The questions that guided the study were: What does ITI look like when implemented by the teacher? What are the contextual elements of implementation of this program? What variations are found in the implementation of this innovation by different teachers?

A review of related literature revealed the historical, philosophical, and theoretical underpinnings ...


A Descriptive Study Of Teacher, School, And Training Characteristics In The Implementation Of The Cooperative And Inductive Teaching Models, Samuel M. Gaikwad Jan 1991

A Descriptive Study Of Teacher, School, And Training Characteristics In The Implementation Of The Cooperative And Inductive Teaching Models, Samuel M. Gaikwad

Dissertations

Problem. Much of what is known concerning implementation of innovation in schools is dependent on personal characteristics of teachers and principals, and school characteristics. Few studies have focused on study group (groups of 3-6 teachers and principals) activities and principals' active participation in the implementation processes. The purpose of this study was to describe the training session and bring to light some factors that would help teachers, who have gone through an intensive and well organized training session in the cooperative and inductive models of teaching, to implement the innovation in spite of personal and school characteristics.

Method. This study ...


The Call Of The Wild: Investigating The Relationship Between Adventure Education, Character Development, And The College Curriculum, Barbara Ann Klingman Jan 1991

The Call Of The Wild: Investigating The Relationship Between Adventure Education, Character Development, And The College Curriculum, Barbara Ann Klingman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this research was to investigate the potential utilization of adventure education programs to provide an effective and innovative alternative for enhancing the college undergraduate experience. Initial research consisted of performing an indepth study of higher education's curriculum reform literature and studies and literature on adventure education programs. Specific components of the curriculum reform literature regarding character development were then correlated with attributes discovered in the adventure education literature. The interrelationship that developed provided a theoretical rationale from which to propose that adventure education programs could indeed address many of the objectives of the recommended curriculum.;The ...


Developing An Inservice On Energy And Energy Conservation For Teachers, Grades Kindergarten-Eight, Cynthia Gail Blair Jan 1991

Developing An Inservice On Energy And Energy Conservation For Teachers, Grades Kindergarten-Eight, Cynthia Gail Blair

Theses Digitization Project

Energy resource conservation.


Interactive, Satellite-Delivered, Televised Instruction In Corporate Training, Douglas F. Lonowski Jan 1991

Interactive, Satellite-Delivered, Televised Instruction In Corporate Training, Douglas F. Lonowski

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Student Perceptions In A Social Studies Classroom, Maria Darby Jan 1991

Student Perceptions In A Social Studies Classroom, Maria Darby

Theses : Honours

This study describes differential student perceptions towards Social Studies in a high school classroom. A case study approach, incorporating both quantitative and qualitative data gathering techniques, was used to collect data by seeking individual students' perceptions of the classroom environment, the teacher, classroom instruction and the Social Studies subject content. Social Studies education in Western Australia has been guided by the Social Studies K-10 Syllabus which has been implemented for almost 10 years. In 1990 a comprehensive review of the curriculum was commissioned by the Ministry of Education and undertaken by Print (1990a). This study found that a need existed ...


Etymology-Based Instructional System: Using Hypermedia To Teach The Recognition Of Chinese Characters To Beginning Learners Of Chinese As A Second Language , Shu Hor Jan 1991

Etymology-Based Instructional System: Using Hypermedia To Teach The Recognition Of Chinese Characters To Beginning Learners Of Chinese As A Second Language , Shu Hor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As a logographic script, written Chinese conveys meaning directly from its graphic forms. Numerous researchers have suggested the pedagogical strategy of teaching Chinese writing by emphasizing the pictorial features of Chinese characters. This study was conducted to develop and to evaluate an instructional system in which instructional materials are based upon Chinese etymology and presented by hypermedia system;Thirty characters were selected, and pertinent information such as original forms, evolution of shapes, meanings, pronunciations,and applications were included. Presentation of the material, stored on a videodisc, was controlled by a HyperCard program;Twenty-eight beginning learner of Chinese as a second ...


Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of District Level Curriculum Administrators Based On Item Discrimination Power , Charles E. Ruebling Jan 1991

Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of District Level Curriculum Administrators Based On Item Discrimination Power , Charles E. Ruebling

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Among the approaches to increasing the quality of education is a focus on the performance improvement of individuals relative to important job responsibilities, competencies, and outcomes. The purpose of this study was to identify valid, reliable, and discriminating performance evaluation items for district level curriculum administrators;A 54-item evaluation questionnaire was created based on a review of literature that included the roles of curriculum administrators and the characteristics of effective school districts. Job descriptions and evaluation instruments from school districts were also reviewed. The items were classified as job responsibilities, job competencies, or job outcomes. A five-point Likert type scale ...


An Investigation Of The Science Content Preparation Of Iowa State University Elementary Education Majors: Relationships Among Secondary And College Course Backgrounds, Attitude Toward Teaching Science, Science Teaching Efficacy, Science Misconceptions, And Science Achievement , Kenneth Wayne Thompson Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Science Content Preparation Of Iowa State University Elementary Education Majors: Relationships Among Secondary And College Course Backgrounds, Attitude Toward Teaching Science, Science Teaching Efficacy, Science Misconceptions, And Science Achievement , Kenneth Wayne Thompson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this study was to explore the role that formal science content education plays in the process of educating future elementary teachers of science. The formal science content preparation of elementary education majors was investigated to explore the relationships between secondary school and college science content preparation and science achievement, attitude toward teaching science, science teaching efficacy, selected science misconceptions, and other demographic variables. Some of the instruments utilized included Enoch's and Rigg's Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument Form B, Thompson's and Shrigley's Revised Science Attitude Scale, the ACT Science Reasoning Test, student constructed ...


Assignment Sequencing In Professional Communication Courses: The Search For An Innovative Pedagogy, Lynne R. Mcknight Herr Jan 1991

Assignment Sequencing In Professional Communication Courses: The Search For An Innovative Pedagogy, Lynne R. Mcknight Herr

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Kotler's cry for practical dialogue, rather than an exchange of complicated theories, among business communication professors is a rare one. It is not that professors in the discipline don't crave such a thing; rather their peer juries don't believe it to be a respectable quest, one weighted with scholarly worth.· Seldom do articles offering such practical advice appear in prestigious academic journals. If pedagogical practicality is included in these journals, the brief blurb (usually one paragraph) is usually confined to the last paragraph of the article, offering little chance for explanation of how to implement the theory ...


The Reduction Of Computer Anxiety: Its Relation To Relaxation Training, Previous Computer Training, Achievement And Need For Cognition , Matthew M. Maurer Jan 1991

The Reduction Of Computer Anxiety: Its Relation To Relaxation Training, Previous Computer Training, Achievement And Need For Cognition , Matthew M. Maurer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined computer anxiety and its relationship to four areas: computer literacy training, relaxation exercises, achievement and the personality variable "need for cognition." Subjects were college students in a semester long computer literacy course that was part of a teacher preparation program. Computer anxiety was measured using the Computer Anxiety Index (CAIN). The CAIN was taken by students at three times in the semester, at the beginning of the course, after six weeks, and at the end of the course. Need for cognition was measured using the Need for Cognition Scale and it was taken by students during the ...


Participant Satisfaction Ratings Of An Employee Wellness Program, Kathleen Elizabeth Hill Jan 1991

Participant Satisfaction Ratings Of An Employee Wellness Program, Kathleen Elizabeth Hill

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/24706219


The Effect Of Computer-Assisted Instruction In Improving Mathematics Performance Of Low-Achieving Ninth-Grade Students, Thomas Everett Bailey Jan 1991

The Effect Of Computer-Assisted Instruction In Improving Mathematics Performance Of Low-Achieving Ninth-Grade Students, Thomas Everett Bailey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine whether computer assisted instruction of mathematics produces significantly greater improvement in mathematics performance of low achieving ninth grade students than teaching mathematics skills without computer assisted instruction.;The sample consisted of four classes (N = 46) of ninth grade students who had registered for the course "Mathematics Nine," and whose eighth grade ITBS scores fell between the 1st and 30th national percentile. Identified students were randomly assigned to one of four instructors and one of two instructional groups (computer assisted instruction or non computer instruction). Two classes with different instructors were taught the ...


A Comparison Of The Performance Of Students Prepared For Study At Old Dominion University Through A Developmental Program With Those Accepted Directly From Secondary Schools, Nathaniel Elias Villaire Jan 1991

A Comparison Of The Performance Of Students Prepared For Study At Old Dominion University Through A Developmental Program With Those Accepted Directly From Secondary Schools, Nathaniel Elias Villaire

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the performance of freshmen, as measured by cumulative GPA, who received developmental preparation at the college level with those who were prepared by the secondary school systems. The author's intention was to obtain data for accountability of institutional performance and provide public officials with a program effectiveness base.;Data were obtained from the institutional research office of Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia on all entering freshmen students for the years 1988 and 1989. The data base was sanitized for confidentiality and contained information on the sex, age, ethnic background, high ...


An Investigation Of The Educational Environment In The Homes Of Third, Fourth, And Fifth Grade Students And Its Relationship To Pertinent Variables , Drusilla Charity Caudle Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Educational Environment In The Homes Of Third, Fourth, And Fifth Grade Students And Its Relationship To Pertinent Variables , Drusilla Charity Caudle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated several dimensions of the educational environment in the homes of third, fourth, and fifth grade students and their relationship to pertinent variables. The instrument used to measure the educational environment in the homes of third, fourth, and fifth grade students was a modified version of the Index of Educational Environment developed by Dave in 1963;The sample in the study consisted of 459 parents and their third, fourth and fifth grade children attending elementary schools located in north central Iowa. There were two objectives in the study: (1) to examine whether or not there is more than ...


Inservice Training For Incorporating Environmental Education Into The Industrial/Vocational Education System At The Secondary Education Level In Taiwan The Roc , Ruey-Gwo Chung Jan 1991

Inservice Training For Incorporating Environmental Education Into The Industrial/Vocational Education System At The Secondary Education Level In Taiwan The Roc , Ruey-Gwo Chung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a sequential procedural steps of inservice training of environmental education for industrial/vocational senior high school teachers in Taiwan R.O.C. The study investigated the attitudes and needs of teachers in terms of inservice training for environmental education. It also investigated teachers' perceptions of content, formats, time preferences, teaching methods, and administrative support for inservice training. The samples of the study consisted of 381 industrial/vocational senior high school teachers in Taiwan R.O.C;Twelve hypotheses were tested at the 0.05 level of significance. Seven revealed significant difference and ...


The Proposal And Partial Validation Of Strategies And Components For Developing Project-Oriented Activities In Elementary Science Classes In Taiwan , Shufen Ellen Wu Jan 1991

The Proposal And Partial Validation Of Strategies And Components For Developing Project-Oriented Activities In Elementary Science Classes In Taiwan , Shufen Ellen Wu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to secure plausible framework for Taiwanese elementary teachers to enhance their teaching technique in science. Two major tasks were accomplished. First, Strategies and Components (SC) embraced in industrial arts projects and science activities were identified by reviewing literatures. Then, six categories were adopted to distinguish these traits. Second, the elementary teachers' perspectives, in terms of importance, feasibility, and adoptability, toward these SC(s) were investigated. The second task was accomplished using self-administered questionnaire survey method to collect data related perspectives toward these SC(s). Consequently, 371 elementary teachers from the school district of interest were identified ...


Estimating Course Difficulty , Daniel James Mundfrom Jan 1991

Estimating Course Difficulty , Daniel James Mundfrom

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The difficulty level of college courses has been identified as a value which varies across courses. A sample of fifty (50) introductory-level college courses was selected and four different measures of course difficulty, (1) perceived difficulty, (2) perceived amount of work, (3) average grade awarded, and (4) average ACT composite of enrolled students, were calculated for each course. The difficulty estimates were examined for consistency for each measure individually, over time, and in comparison with the others. Correlation analysis, multiple regression, factor analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis, and analysis of variance procedures were used. The four measures were combined into one ...


Guided Instruction With Logo Programming And The Development Of Cognitive Monitoring Strategies Among College Students , Mi Ok Cho Lee Jan 1991

Guided Instruction With Logo Programming And The Development Of Cognitive Monitoring Strategies Among College Students , Mi Ok Cho Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As our society changes and becomes more complex, and as new knowledge and technology emerge, the need for teaching students to be independent thinkers and problem solvers increases more rapidly than ever before. Responding to the ever increasing societal demands, educators have sought for proper learning tools and methodologies to improve students' higher-order thinking and problem solving skills. In particular, cognitive monitoring has been a primary concern of educators and cognitive psychologists. Cognitive monitoring has been regarded as one of the most important strategies in efficient thinking and problem solving. Logo programming has been considered a powerful tool to help ...


Iowa Survey Of Computer-Related Technology Use By K-12 Teachers , Denise Ann Schmidt Jan 1991

Iowa Survey Of Computer-Related Technology Use By K-12 Teachers , Denise Ann Schmidt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

It has been more than a decade since microcomputers became available as a new technology for schools. During this decade, computer-related technologies have become an integral part of the educational environment in schools throughout the United States. Many school districts have purchased large amounts of computer-related hardware and software, only to find that many teachers were uncertain of the potential instructional uses of these technologies. Becker (1990) stated that even though computer acquisition has continued to expand in most schools, there has continued to be a small minority of teachers using computers for instruction, learning, or productive work in the ...


A Qualitative Study To Determine The Effect Of The New Maytag Student Center On The Campus Life At Central College In Pella, Iowa, 1991, Elizabeth May Hadler Jan 1991

A Qualitative Study To Determine The Effect Of The New Maytag Student Center On The Campus Life At Central College In Pella, Iowa, 1991, Elizabeth May Hadler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Case Study Of A Midwestern High School Using Joyce's Model To Implement A Complex School Improvement Innovation: Authentic Assessment , Ann W. Johnson Jan 1991

A Case Study Of A Midwestern High School Using Joyce's Model To Implement A Complex School Improvement Innovation: Authentic Assessment , Ann W. Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine factors that affected the implementation of a complex innovation--authentic assessment and the effect the professional development paradigm consisting of a training design (i.e., theory, demonstration/model, practice, feedback, and coaching) and support structure (i.e., study group and staff development specialists) had on the process. Its specific purposes included: (1) to determine the extent the professional development paradigm influenced the Levels of Use and Stages of Concern, (2) to determine what components of the professional development paradigm enhanced the implementation of the authentic assessment, and (3) to identify factors that ...


Development Of A Causal Model Of Perceptions Of Boards Of Education Which Will Predict Effectiveness In Their Schools , Beth Ellen Ruiz Jan 1991

Development Of A Causal Model Of Perceptions Of Boards Of Education Which Will Predict Effectiveness In Their Schools , Beth Ellen Ruiz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present research had two purposes. First the study was designed to assess the perceived actual and ideal functions of school board members and also to examine the differences of district school board perceptions, both over time and geographically. The second purpose of the study was to determine the underlying component factors of the perceptions of Iowa school board members and based on these factors develop and test a causal model of these relationships as related to the effectiveness of the school districts;A random sample of 197 school districts totaling 1119 school board members from 16 states provided one ...