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1991

Theses/Dissertations

Special Education and Teaching

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Changing Attitudes Toward Physically Disabled Persons Using A Videotape Sport Intervention, Allan Bett Aug 1991

Changing Attitudes Toward Physically Disabled Persons Using A Videotape Sport Intervention, Allan Bett

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The study investigated the effect of a videotape intervention on the attitudes toward physically disabled persons. The subjects were 86 elementary and secondary students from the same school district. Utilizing a stratified random sampling technique, subjects were assigned to control and experimental groups for each age range (11 to 13 and 16 to 19z0. All subjects completed the Attitude Toward Disabled Persons Scale, Form 0, on three occasions with two-week intervals.

The experimental group witnessed a 17-minute videotape of a wheelchair basketball game before the second administration. Results of the study indicated that the experimental group experienced a positive gain ...


Reinforcement Effects On The I.Q. Scores Of Institutionalized Children And Adults With Developmental Disabilities, Jody Robin Lewis Aug 1991

Reinforcement Effects On The I.Q. Scores Of Institutionalized Children And Adults With Developmental Disabilities, Jody Robin Lewis

Master's Theses

Eighteen institutionalized school-age and adult subjects with severe/profound developmental disabilities were evaluated for the effects of self-selected reinforcement for correct responding on their I.Q. scores when tested with the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale (Terman & Merrill, 1960) or the Leiter International Performance Scale (Arthur, 1952). Subjects were tested under both standard and reinforcement conditions. The results indicated that overall, subjects when tested under reinforcement conditions showed a significant increase in mean I.Q. scores when compared with the same subjects tested one month previously under standard conditions. Several features of the data reveal intriguing results with regard to subjects and ...


Repeated Acquisition With Developmentally Disabled Adults: Some Methodological Improvements, Thomas M. Rueber Aug 1991

Repeated Acquisition With Developmentally Disabled Adults: Some Methodological Improvements, Thomas M. Rueber

Master's Theses

This study obtained repeated-acquisition data from four developmentally disabled adults. The procedure was a refinement of one used earlier by Madsen (1988) and a comparison was made between the two. Verbal praise, edibles, and money were used to reinforce correct responding. In addition, an informal comparison was made between individual repeated-acquisition performance and IQ scores. The refinements of the Madsen procedure included: (1) using a 10-second timeout as the consequence of an error, (2) placing poker chips in die-cut holes, (3) using different colored construction paper backgrounds, (4) limiting each session to one sequence, (5) using percent correct responses as ...


The Relationship Between The Attitudes Of Directors And Instructors And Student Ratings In Remedial And Developmental Studies In Tennessee's Community Colleges, Carolyn H. Brown May 1991

The Relationship Between The Attitudes Of Directors And Instructors And Student Ratings In Remedial And Developmental Studies In Tennessee's Community Colleges, Carolyn H. Brown

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if a relationship existed between the attitudes of remedial and developmental directors and instructors and student ratings. A population of 230 full-time directors and instructors and 3,269 remedial students were surveyed in the Fall of 1990. The return rate was 95% for the directors and instructors with the student rate dependent upon instructors administering the instruments. Two instruments were developed--one to measure the attitudes of directors and instructors and one for student ratings of instructors. Seven null hypotheses were formulated; 5 were retained and 2 rejected, at the.05 level of ...


A Comparison Of Functional Equivalence Training And Timeout Procedures In The Reduction Of Disruptive Behavior, Steven D . Goodman Apr 1991

A Comparison Of Functional Equivalence Training And Timeout Procedures In The Reduction Of Disruptive Behavior, Steven D . Goodman

Master's Theses

The use of nonaversive or aversive procedures continues to be debated regarding treatment of behavior problems of persons with developmental disabilities. This study compared the efficacy of a punishment and a nonaversive procedure in the reduction of problem behavior. The nonaversive technique involved the teaching of alternative, functionally equivalent, responses. Timeout was employed as the punishment procedure. The functional equivalence training included a functional analysis to identify the motivating conditions for the disruptive behavior of three boys with severe mental retardation. Treatment conditions were evaluated on rate of disruption, effects on learning trials, and time engaged in training. Results indicate ...


Written Expression In Learning Disabled Adolescents, Karen Ragan Jan 1991

Written Expression In Learning Disabled Adolescents, Karen Ragan

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

This paper reviewed the current research on why learning disabled adolescents have failed in written expression and reported the latest and most effective strategies being used to teach written expression to learning disabled adolescents. Attention is also given to the assessment of written language. The practical implications of the research are related to the secondary classroom. A process approach to teaching expressive writing is discussed in terms of why it is important and how it is used. Two other models of instruction are proposed: a holistic model and linguistic model. Supplementary commercial programs were reviewed. Although written expression requires skills ...


A Model For Implementing Cooperative Learning, Michael D Key Jan 1991

A Model For Implementing Cooperative Learning, Michael D Key

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

Today's children need to learn more academics than ever before. They need to learn social skills and how to cooperate. Teachers must address all these needs in the classroom. The cooperative learning model is an exciting teaching model that teaches academics while concomitantly teaching social skills. However, many teachers are not using this model. Many veteran teachers may be unwilling to adopt this new model, feeling that their tried and true methods are better. Rookie teachers may not have been exposed to the cooperative learning model, or they may feel incapable of implementing the model in the classroom. Many ...


Behavior Therapy Techniques And The Efficacy Of Behavior Therapy Parent Training Methods, Madalyn Ann J. Shea Jan 1991

Behavior Therapy Techniques And The Efficacy Of Behavior Therapy Parent Training Methods, Madalyn Ann J. Shea

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this study was twofold. First, it reviewed techniques incorporated into Behavior Therapy -a therapy utilized to train parents in effective strategies for dealing with their B.D. youngster. Second, it analyzed the efficacy of various instructional methods utilized to train parents in Behavior Therapy techniques. The study enabled readers to conclude how Behavior Therapy might work for them. In the future, perhaps school districts will develop and implement a parent training program that is effective with parents of B.D. youngsters -one that encourages positive parental involvement.


Adolescent Substance Abuse And Handicapped Students: Antecedent Or Concomitant Handicapping Conditions And Prevention Programs: A Review Of Literature, Patricia Brings Jan 1991

Adolescent Substance Abuse And Handicapped Students: Antecedent Or Concomitant Handicapping Conditions And Prevention Programs: A Review Of Literature, Patricia Brings

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this paper was two fold. Primarily, it provided a review of literature on substance abuse in adolescence and antecedent or consequent concomitant handicapping conditions. The second purpose was to provide a prospective of the current prevention models and the SAP model most widely used in Wisconsin. This model includes roles for the parents, community, students, and educators in identification, intervention, and prevention/education procedures. The handicapped students discussed in this paper were diagnosed with Learning Disabilities, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Emotional Disturbance, or various personality disorder. It did not include physically handicapped or mentally disabled students. The ...


A Review Of The Collaborative Consultation Model: Bridging The Gap Between Regular And Special Education, Patti Lynn Wangerin Burns Jan 1991

A Review Of The Collaborative Consultation Model: Bridging The Gap Between Regular And Special Education, Patti Lynn Wangerin Burns

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

In 1975 the Federal Government signed into law the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (P.L. 94­142). This law mandated a free and appropriate education for all handicapped children in the least restrictive environment. With the enactment of this law many handicapped students were placed in resource rooms and mainstreamed into regular classrooms as much as possible. With the recent popularity of the Regular Education Initiative, it seems more and more students will be mainstreamed on a full-time basis which causes a dilemma of how to best meet their educational and related needs. It is obvious that these ...


Alcoholism: A Family Disease Implications For Educators, Sally Schaffer Collins Jan 1991

Alcoholism: A Family Disease Implications For Educators, Sally Schaffer Collins

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this paper was to inform educators regarding this disease by reviewing recent and current data and literature, in order that they become better informed and able to recognize those students and their families affected by the disease of alcoholism.


The Use Of A Transdisciplinary Model With Early Childhood: Exceptional Educational Needs Programs, Lisa Marie Anderle Jan 1991

The Use Of A Transdisciplinary Model With Early Childhood: Exceptional Educational Needs Programs, Lisa Marie Anderle

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

When Public Law 99-457, the Education of the Handicapped Amendments became a reality, it challenged early intervention professionals to reexamine models for team intervention. To be effective in serving the diverse and complex needs of young children with handicaps and their families, teams will need to analyize their own structure and function, arriving at a consensus about their teams goals and then choose a model of team interaction that allows these goals to best be met. Although there are numerous models teams could adopt, it is the belief of the author that the transdisciplinary approach appears to be the most ...


Development Of Infants And Toddlers Exposed To Cocaine, Cynthia Denson Jan 1991

Development Of Infants And Toddlers Exposed To Cocaine, Cynthia Denson

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

Infants of maternal cocaine abuse are at high risk for developmental problems. Most infants and children show symptoms of withdrawal after prenatal exposure to cocaine. Such withdrawal symptoms show direct physical effects on the infants. Due to their heightened irritability when they experience subacute withdrawal problems, infants exposed to cocaine are probably difficult to care for, and thus are also "at risk" for poor or suboptimal parenting. In addition, the capacities for caretaking by the parents are often in doubt, because of their difficulties in structuring their lives (e.g. keeping appointments for prenatal care or methadone maintenance programs) and ...


Social Development Birth To Year Three: Societal Implications, Lee Ann Erkander Jan 1991

Social Development Birth To Year Three: Societal Implications, Lee Ann Erkander

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

What is normal social development from birth to year 3? How do today's societal problems affect normal social development in the young child? What can be done to help a young child who is born socially disadvantaged? With today's problems, it is a growing concern not just to educators, but to all who participate in today's society. It was the author's intention to describe the steps of normal social development. It was also the author's intention to describe how societal/parental problems may interrupt the young child's social development, and how once disrupted, what ...


The Integration Of Handicapped And Nonhandicapped Children At The Preschool Level: A Challenge For The Field, Julie Lynn Grimstad Jan 1991

The Integration Of Handicapped And Nonhandicapped Children At The Preschool Level: A Challenge For The Field, Julie Lynn Grimstad

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of integrating handicapped children with their nonhandicapped peers and to develop an understanding of the complexity of implementing such a plan. It was not the intent of this paper to downplay the benefits that early childhood special education programs currently provide to handicapped preschoolers, but rather to explore options for creating integrated opportunities/programs.


Characteristics Of Autism, Linda B. Schink Jan 1991

Characteristics Of Autism, Linda B. Schink

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this research paper was to delineate the characteristics of autism and to investigate what techniques can be used successfully to help autistic children achieve their potential.


Young Adhd Child: Strategies And Techniques For Parents And Teachers, Kathleen Scholler Jan 1991

Young Adhd Child: Strategies And Techniques For Parents And Teachers, Kathleen Scholler

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to provide a practical guide book of techniques and strategies to assist educators and parents who work and live with ADHD children.


Siblings Of Elementary Gifted Students: The Sibling Relationship, Self-Concept And Classroom Behavior, Karen Elizabeth Poe West Jan 1991

Siblings Of Elementary Gifted Students: The Sibling Relationship, Self-Concept And Classroom Behavior, Karen Elizabeth Poe West

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study was undertaken for the purpose of determining if the siblings of gifted elementary students differ significantly from siblings of non-gifted elementary students in sibling affection, self-concept, or observable classroom behavior; and to investigate the relationship between sibling affection and self-concept, sibling affection and observable classroom behavior, and self-concept and observable classroom behavior.;The sample was selected from a large, urban school district located in the Mid-South. Thirty-eight pairs of siblings were selected from two-sibling families in which both children were enrolled in grades 3 through 6. Group 1 (Gifted/Siblings) consisted of first-born children who were state certified ...


A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Public College And University Support Service Programs For Students With Disabilities In The Commonwealth Of Virginia: Do They Offer What They Purport To Offer?, Betty Jo Buck Jan 1991

A Study Of The Effectiveness Of Public College And University Support Service Programs For Students With Disabilities In The Commonwealth Of Virginia: Do They Offer What They Purport To Offer?, Betty Jo Buck

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The implementation of Public Law 94-142 (amended in 1990 by Public Law 101-476) guaranteed individuals with disabilities a quality public education. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 opened the doors of postsecondary educational institutions to individuals with disabilities wishing to continue their educations past high school. This influx of diverse individuals to colleges/universities has created a need for support service programs to assist, guide, and ensure the success of this population. Postsecondary institutions have responded to this need by creating offices that provide a variety of services to students with disabilities. It was the purpose of this ...


The Effectiveness Of One On One Tutoring And Reading Group Intervention In First And Second Grade Within Chapter One Reading Program, Kim L. Howrey Jan 1991

The Effectiveness Of One On One Tutoring And Reading Group Intervention In First And Second Grade Within Chapter One Reading Program, Kim L. Howrey

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


An Exploration Of Patterns Of Influence Shaping Rural Gifted Students. (Volumes I And Ii), Donna Pugh Owen Jan 1991

An Exploration Of Patterns Of Influence Shaping Rural Gifted Students. (Volumes I And Ii), Donna Pugh Owen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study is to identify social and intellectual sources of influence shaping 14 gifted high school seniors in one rural culture, to delineate patterns among those sources of influence, and to generate questions for further investigation of giftedness--primarily in a rural culture.;All 14 seniors attending the single public high school in a rural county in eastern Virginia who had been identified according to state guidelines as gifted by school division personnel were selected as subjects for this case study research. The triangulated data collection methods used in this study encompass interviews, observations, and the examination of ...


An Investigation And Analysis Of Educator Perceptions Of Mainstreaming Mildly Handicapped Students In Grades 5-9 In Randomly Selected Urban And Rural School Divisions In Virginia Public Schools, Pamela Buckner Riedel Jan 1991

An Investigation And Analysis Of Educator Perceptions Of Mainstreaming Mildly Handicapped Students In Grades 5-9 In Randomly Selected Urban And Rural School Divisions In Virginia Public Schools, Pamela Buckner Riedel

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions that school principals, directors of special education/directors of pupil personnel/psychologists, regular educators, and special educators in Virginia public schools have of the process of integrating educable mentally retarded, learning disabled, and emotionally disturbed students into regular classes in grades 5-9. The study sought to examine mainstreaming perceptions of educators, factors that underlie educator perceptions, and obtain individual qualitative accounts of educator perspectives regarding the availability of instructional resources within their school divisions.;The Survey of Educator Perceptions of Enhancing and Restraining Forces Related to the Integration of Mildly ...


An Investigation Of Eligibility Decision Congruence Among School Administrators, Psychologists, And Social Workers For Virginia's Developmentally Delayed Population, John William Faircloth Jan 1991

An Investigation Of Eligibility Decision Congruence Among School Administrators, Psychologists, And Social Workers For Virginia's Developmentally Delayed Population, John William Faircloth

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The study investigated the construct of eligibility decision congruence as it applied to professional decision-makers for children with suspected developmental delays. Professional status and judgement format were the key variables of interest. Three distinct professional groups were surveyed: school administrators, psychologists, and social workers. The control group used professional judgement to determine eligibility, whereas the experimental group used a structured worksheet and eligibility criteria. One hundred and twenty subjects participated in a simulation of the eligibility decision process. Each subject was given five case summaries. A correct determination of eligibility was established for each case based on the decision of ...


The Current Attitudes Of Principals And Teachers Regarding Mainstreaming In Virginia Middle-Level Schools, Janice Landmesser Farley Jan 1991

The Current Attitudes Of Principals And Teachers Regarding Mainstreaming In Virginia Middle-Level Schools, Janice Landmesser Farley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated the relationship between the attitudes of principals and teachers toward mainstreaming and the level of comfort participants felt toward special education and mainstreaming. Sixty-five large and small middle schools from the state of Virginia were randomly selected to participate in this study. Participants completed demographic/information sheets, the Attitude Towards Mainstreaming Scale (ATMS), and the Comfortability Scale for Special Education (CSSE). Data were analyzed using statistical methods.;The following research questions were explored (1) do the current attitudes of school personnel differ from previous findings, (2) does a middle level principal's attitude relate to a middle ...


Effects Of A Cognitive-Behavioral Program Designed To Increase The Reading Comprehension Skills Of Learning-Disabled Students, Jane Pindar Reilly Jan 1991

Effects Of A Cognitive-Behavioral Program Designed To Increase The Reading Comprehension Skills Of Learning-Disabled Students, Jane Pindar Reilly

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral approach to reading comprehension instruction. An important component of the intervention was a training course for teachers designed to communicate a conceptual framework for understanding the comprehension deficits of learning disabled (LD) children.;The sample included 39 elementary and middle school students who were identified as learning disabled. Intact classes were assigned to the treatment or control group. The nonequivalent control-group design was used, and data was examined using analysis of covariance. Dependent variables were reading comprehension as measured by the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Tests and locus of ...


Social/Emotional Problems Among Children And Youth With Differing Degrees Of Sensorineural Hearing Loss, Patricia L. Dinsman Jan 1991

Social/Emotional Problems Among Children And Youth With Differing Degrees Of Sensorineural Hearing Loss, Patricia L. Dinsman

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


A Multi-Sensory, Study Strategies And Cooperative Group Instructional Approach Combined To Teach American History To Mildly Disabled And Non Disabled Adolescents, Craig Charles Fankhauser Jan 1991

A Multi-Sensory, Study Strategies And Cooperative Group Instructional Approach Combined To Teach American History To Mildly Disabled And Non Disabled Adolescents, Craig Charles Fankhauser

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Study Of Stress And Coping Skills Among Learning Disabled And Regular Education Students , Natalie R. Davenport Jan 1991

A Comparative Study Of Stress And Coping Skills Among Learning Disabled And Regular Education Students , Natalie R. Davenport

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School-related stress is the most prevalent untreated cause of academic failure in our schools. Baker (1987) states that this type of stress may afflict six to ten million children per year. There are several types of stress in the educational system. Separation anxiety, test anxiety, and teacher behavior are only a few. For the learning disabled child, along with the aforementioned stressors, there are additional sources of school stress. These include labeling, pull out programs and insufficient social skills. Even though stress-related events may be facilitators for growth and development of coping mechanisms, in certain stressful situations a child's ...


An Examination Of Performance Evaluation Of Special Education Teachers In Iowa , Bonita J. Twedt Jan 1991

An Examination Of Performance Evaluation Of Special Education Teachers In Iowa , Bonita J. Twedt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purposes of this investigation were to (1) examine the quality of special education teacher evaluation in regard to teacher, evaluator, procedure, feedback and context attributes, (2) to determine whether a difference exists between the perceived quality of evaluation between regular and special education teachers, (3) to determine whether the presence of a director of special education within the district affects the quality rating of special education teacher evaluations, and (4) to determine whether the severity level of the instructional program in which a teacher is evaluated affects the quality rating of special education teacher evaluations;Two hundred forty-six ...


The Facilitation Of Students With Learning Disabilities To Postsecondary Education By Secondary Special Educators, Victoria A. Stephans Jan 1991

The Facilitation Of Students With Learning Disabilities To Postsecondary Education By Secondary Special Educators, Victoria A. Stephans

Masters Theses

This descriptive research was conducted to collect data concerning the attitudes and policies about transition to postsecondary education by secondary special educators in the State of Illinois. A survey was sent to 208 secondary special educators representing the independent high school districts in the state. The survey measured three variables in relation to size of school: special educators' awareness of postsecondary educational opportunities, special educators' expectations for students labeled learning disabled to pursue postsecondary education, and current practices for serving high school students labeled learning disabled. The findings showed that there were more likenesses than differences in the transition attitudes ...