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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Cooperative And Competitive Methods As Reinforcement Of The Skill Of Answering Inferential Questions In A Fifth Grade Reading Class, Diane L. Arnold Dec 1991

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Cooperative And Competitive Methods As Reinforcement Of The Skill Of Answering Inferential Questions In A Fifth Grade Reading Class, Diane L. Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated whether a practice session in the previously learned skill of reading a paragraph and answering inferential comprehension questions was more effective when conducted competitively or cooperatively.

One fifth-grade homeroom class of 28 students was randomly divided into two groups: a cooperative group and a competitive group, each containing students from three different reading levels. A researcher-made pretest determined that there was no significant difference between the two groups before the treatment. A practice session was conducted in which the cooperative group worked in units of two or three. Each student in the unit was given an ‘A ...


Sleep Patterns And The Behavior Of Children In The Second-, Third-, And Fourth-Grades In Urban Public Schools, Yolanda Cardelli Hampel Oct 1991

Sleep Patterns And The Behavior Of Children In The Second-, Third-, And Fourth-Grades In Urban Public Schools, Yolanda Cardelli Hampel

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This investigation examined the relationship between nocturnal sleep patterns and behaviors in the classroom of seventy-four girls and fifty-nine boys from second-, third-, and fourth-grades attending five urban public schools in Norfolk, Virginia.

The dependent variables were the classroom behavior that was subdivided into five personality areas for objective assessment of the student's adjustment areas labeled self, social, school, home, and physical. The objective assessment was observed and documented on a seventy-eight item questionnaire by their primary classroom teachers who were familiar with the subjects behavior. The parents observed and recorded data on a sleep log listing independent variables ...


A Study On Teacher Change To Developmentally Appropriate Practice In The Primary Grades Of An Urban Elementary School, Kerry Sullivan Lambert Oct 1991

A Study On Teacher Change To Developmentally Appropriate Practice In The Primary Grades Of An Urban Elementary School, Kerry Sullivan Lambert

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The purpose of this research was to study the process of change from traditional teaching practices to developmentally appropriate practices (DAP), following training. The population for this study consists of kindergarten and first grade teachers, in urban elementary school comprised of student at-risk for school failure. Quantitative and qualitative research methodologies were utilized. The quantitative measures provide evidence of the degree of change made by teachers and render a context for the qualitative findings. The variables of DAP were measured pre- and post-training to determine change in teaching practices that occurred after training. Two observation instruments were utilized to measure ...


Kindergartner’S Oral Responses To Stories Either Told Or Read To Them, Mary Beth Ash-Jones Aug 1991

Kindergartner’S Oral Responses To Stories Either Told Or Read To Them, Mary Beth Ash-Jones

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in the quantity of words generated by kindergartners when retelling a story read to them from a book (read aloud) as compared to when a story was told orally, without a book (storytelling). The subjects of this study were 42 kindergarten students attending an urban school district in Western New York. The students listened to a story read aloud from a book. They then retold the story to an adult. The retellings were recorded. The same students listened to another story told orally, by an ...


Readability: A Study Of Three Selected Stories From A Third Grade Whole Language Basal, Susan T. O'Keefe Aug 1991

Readability: A Study Of Three Selected Stories From A Third Grade Whole Language Basal, Susan T. O'Keefe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the readability levels of three third grade stories, that are found within a reading text, fall below or above the publisher's indicated readability level.

The sample group consisted of 78 third grade children. They were assessed through the means of cloze tests. There were three different tests, each one containing a passage from the story in the text. Over the Mountain from the Impressions series was analyzed. Two readability formulas, the Spache and the Lorge, were utilized in determining the readability levels of the stories independently of the publisher. The ...


The Effect Of The Elementary Science Methods Classes And Field Work On Student Attitudes Toward Science And Science Teaching, Gretchen A. Northrup Aug 1991

The Effect Of The Elementary Science Methods Classes And Field Work On Student Attitudes Toward Science And Science Teaching, Gretchen A. Northrup

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The attitudes of sixty-nine elementary education students toward science and science teaching were measured at three different times as they progressed through the Elementary Science Methods course at the State University of New York College at Brockport during the spring of 1991. The course was divided into two parts. During the first half of the semester, the students attended methods classes at the college. At approximately midterm, the students entered elementary schools to do field work. The instrument of measure employed was the Science Teaching Attitude Scales. The three scores for each subject were compared to determine if there was ...


A Description Of The Read Aloud Practices Of Elementary School Teachers, Leslie H. Kociuba May 1991

A Description Of The Read Aloud Practices Of Elementary School Teachers, Leslie H. Kociuba

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine the read aloud practices of elementary school teachers. It also looked at those practices in regards to the differences exhibited between the different grade levels, and the teachers' different philosophies of reading instruction.

Thirty-one teachers responded to a questionnaire designed to elicit their read aloud behaviors. The responses were recorded, tallied, and categorized according to the frequency and the similarities of the responses. These responses were then descriptively analyzed according to the three questions posed by the researcher.

The findings revealed that many teachers are using the read aloud activity as a part of ...


An Investigation Into Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Their Own Writing Through The Use Of A Valid Writing Attitudes Instrument, Pamela Brady May 1991

An Investigation Into Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Their Own Writing Through The Use Of A Valid Writing Attitudes Instrument, Pamela Brady

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated teachers’ attitudes towards their personal writing using the Linn writing attitude scale. The researcher classified twelve elementary teachers as either perceived positive (6) or negative (6) in their attitudes towards their writing. The researcher then evaluated the teachers using the Linn writing attitude scale to see if their scores matched the researcher’s initial perceptions. Two independent district personnel were chosen as interraters to evaluate the twelve teachers using the researcher’s methods in order to establish data reliability. Of the twelve teachers, only two were found to have writing attitudes that did not match the researcher ...


The Halo Effect And Self-Fulfilling Prophecy In The Classroom: A Study Of Teachers' Influence On The Intellectual Development Of Physically Unattractive Students, Trena Minudri Apr 1991

The Halo Effect And Self-Fulfilling Prophecy In The Classroom: A Study Of Teachers' Influence On The Intellectual Development Of Physically Unattractive Students, Trena Minudri

Communication Studies Undergraduate Theses

The role students' attractiveness plays in teachers' perceptions and attitudes was first discovered by Dion in the early 1970's. The educational arena, already torn by evidence of discrimination by race and gender, was now faced with yet another controversy. The possibility of children being disadvantaged in the classroom because they lacked personal beauty instilled fear and curiosity in the minds of educators, psychologists and parents. This fear lead to two decades of research, with even more controversial findings. This study synthesizes literature from the late 1960's to the late 1980's in the disciplines of educational, social, and ...


A Comparison Of The Perception Which Third-Grade Students And Sixth-Grade Students Have Of Themselves As Writers, Annette R. Shafer Apr 1991

A Comparison Of The Perception Which Third-Grade Students And Sixth-Grade Students Have Of Themselves As Writers, Annette R. Shafer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Children learn to write at an early age, however, many children do not enjoy writing as an activity. This masters’ thesis investigates students’ opinions about writing, and compares the opinions of elementary students to those of middle school students. The author surveyed seventy-nine students from two 3rd grade classrooms and two 6th grade classrooms in western New York. The survey consisted of seventeen questions about how students felt about writing in the classroom. These surveys were then collected and sorted into three categories: positive, ambivalent, and negative. The researcher found that about 64% of 3rd grade students had ...


Characteristics Of Families And Home Environments That Facilitate The Successful Adaptation Of Children Into A Formal School Environment, Janice Elich Monroe Apr 1991

Characteristics Of Families And Home Environments That Facilitate The Successful Adaptation Of Children Into A Formal School Environment, Janice Elich Monroe

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The purpose of this study was to determine what characteristics of families are most likely to enhance the development of social capital in young urban school children and to determine which of these characteristics or combination of characteristics contribute to a child's ability to adapt positively to a formal school environment. This purpose was accomplished through the design and implementation of an ex post facto study utilizing qualitative and quantitative research methodologies. The sample for this study included 33 second grade students from four target schools in the Norfolk Public School System who were identified as disadvantaged and as ...


The Role Of A Chairperson Of A Michigan Accreditation Program Visitation Team, Ione M. Condit Apr 1991

The Role Of A Chairperson Of A Michigan Accreditation Program Visitation Team, Ione M. Condit

Master's Theses

This project report describes the functions and responsibilities of an accreditation team leader before, during and after a three-day, on-site visit to validate an elementary school's self-study findings. The elementary school accreditation process for both host school and visitation team is described.

The evolution of the Michigan Accreditation Program as conceived by the Michigan State Legislature and current obstacles to the planned implementation in the Michigan elementary schools are review.


Siblings Of Elementary Gifted Students: The Sibling Relationship, Self-Concept And Classroom Behavior, Karen Elizabeth Poe West Jan 1991

Siblings Of Elementary Gifted Students: The Sibling Relationship, Self-Concept And Classroom Behavior, Karen Elizabeth Poe West

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study was undertaken for the purpose of determining if the siblings of gifted elementary students differ significantly from siblings of non-gifted elementary students in sibling affection, self-concept, or observable classroom behavior; and to investigate the relationship between sibling affection and self-concept, sibling affection and observable classroom behavior, and self-concept and observable classroom behavior.;The sample was selected from a large, urban school district located in the Mid-South. Thirty-eight pairs of siblings were selected from two-sibling families in which both children were enrolled in grades 3 through 6. Group 1 (Gifted/Siblings) consisted of first-born children who were state certified ...


The Implementation Of Naturalistic Evaluation Of Reading Comprehension: A Descriptive Study Of First Graders In A Chapter 1 Reading Program, Beth Ann Hardy Nordmeyer Jan 1991

The Implementation Of Naturalistic Evaluation Of Reading Comprehension: A Descriptive Study Of First Graders In A Chapter 1 Reading Program, Beth Ann Hardy Nordmeyer

Dissertations and Theses @ UNI

The purpose of this study was to document the implementation of naturalistic evaluations of reading comprehension, specifically, the comprehension abilities of first-grade students in a Chapter 1 reading program. There were five major questions which guided the study: (a) How will naturalistic evaluations assess students' reading comprehension abilities in a Chapter 1 classroom? (b) What problems does a Chapter 1 teacher encounter when implementing naturalistic forms of evaluation? (c) Given special consideration to time and management, how can naturalistic devices be used in a Chapter 1 reading program? ( d) How will a Chapter 1 teacher be able to use the ...