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Articles 1 - 30 of 5534

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Environmental Sustainability In Lagos Periphery Housing, Funmilayo Mokunfayo Adedire Dr., Michael Babatunde Adegbile Dr Oct 2021

Environmental Sustainability In Lagos Periphery Housing, Funmilayo Mokunfayo Adedire Dr., Michael Babatunde Adegbile Dr

Journal of Environmental Sustainability

Peri-urban residential settlements in Nigerian cities grew phenomenally as a result of rapid urbanisation. But the spontaneous housing settlements are enmeshed in development-driven urban challenges. This study examines the environmental sustainability of a typical peri-urban settlement in Lagos, Ikorodu. A combination of case study based examination and application of International Urban Sustainability Indicators List framework (IUSIL) was used to achieve an integrated research method. Data were collected through primary and secondary sources including observation, structured questionnaires, interview and satellite images. Two stage clusters sampling was used to select 384 household heads as the study population. Quantitative data was done using ...


International Student’S Mobility And Tourism: Relations, Opportunities, And Insights For Canadian University Cities, Maria Teresa Gullace, Tom Griffin Oct 2021

International Student’S Mobility And Tourism: Relations, Opportunities, And Insights For Canadian University Cities, Maria Teresa Gullace, Tom Griffin

TTRA Canada 2021 Conference

The increase in student enrollment and mobility in Canadian universities every year generates a continuous flow of people that move, study, work, and live in university cities across the country. The presence of international students contributes to the prosperity of Canada, positively impacting its socio-cultural and economic development. The multiplicity of needs and services related to this segment of the urban population also makes their way through to the travel and hospitality sectors. Indeed, students visit and travel in the country, contributing to urban tourism and the local economy. In addition, the uncertainty related to the post-pandemic period and the ...


University-Public Partnerships For Disaster Recovery: Promoting Community Resilience Through Research, Teaching, And Engagement, Gavin P. Smith, Mai T. Nguyen Oct 2021

University-Public Partnerships For Disaster Recovery: Promoting Community Resilience Through Research, Teaching, And Engagement, Gavin P. Smith, Mai T. Nguyen

Journal of Community Engagement and Scholarship

This article describes a state-supported, multiuniversity, interdisciplinary effort to address unmet disaster recovery needs identified by six hard-hit, low-capacity North Carolina communities following Hurricane Matthew. At the request of the director of the North Carolina Division of Emergency Management and the state governor, university officials created a team of faculty, practitioners, and students called the Hurricane Matthew Disaster Recovery and Resilience Initiative (HMDRRI). This 2-year program delivered research, teaching, and engagement activities of the sort that are not typically undertaken by federal or state emergency management agencies, insurance providers, or nonprofit organizations. HMDRRI also offered graduate students in land-use planning ...


Civichon 1.0: City In A Village, Catalogue For Civichon Exhibition In Vienna Biennale 2021, Albert L. Park, Kyong Park, Annie Pedret Oct 2021

Civichon 1.0: City In A Village, Catalogue For Civichon Exhibition In Vienna Biennale 2021, Albert L. Park, Kyong Park, Annie Pedret

EnviroLab Asia

No abstract provided.


Developing Design Guidelines Towards Safer Park: The Case Of Ramlet El Baida, Valerie Nader Kassem, Ayman Afify Sep 2021

Developing Design Guidelines Towards Safer Park: The Case Of Ramlet El Baida, Valerie Nader Kassem, Ayman Afify

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Public urban park is a very important feature in the city, it is responsible for the behavior of the cities and gives an identity of the city besides country to portray it in front of the people. Well maintained park leads to healthy life and well-being. Also, it holds social value and attachment of people to it. Despite wide consensus on the importance of public parks for city dwellers’ social lives as well as their physical and mental health, popular discourses and journalist reports reflect a growing demonetization of public space in many cities around the world. This is because ...


Exploring A New Urban Strategy To Organize The Informal Settlements In Tripoli, Ayman Wehbe Sep 2021

Exploring A New Urban Strategy To Organize The Informal Settlements In Tripoli, Ayman Wehbe

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

A dynamic urban form can be defined as emerging in the planning, and development of urban centers as a city where there is a defined perimeter, inside which lies a population that is self-sufficient supporting by the technologies and economy within the city fully employs the population, the services, and cultural infrastructure within the city are sufficient to supply for the population in the cities. One of the most significant driving forces of change in any urban system is population development. This randomness in growth causes an imbalance in the civil system through environmental problems on the life system that ...


التخطيط الإقليمي مدخل لمواجهة المخاطر المرتبطة بالتغير المناخي لأقاليم الساحل الشمالي في مصر, Mahmoud Aly Ahmed Mohammed Sep 2021

التخطيط الإقليمي مدخل لمواجهة المخاطر المرتبطة بالتغير المناخي لأقاليم الساحل الشمالي في مصر, Mahmoud Aly Ahmed Mohammed

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

تعد التغيرات المناخية من أهم المعضلات التي تواجة العالم خاصةً في ظل القضايا الشائكة من الاحتباس الحراري وتزايد ارتفاع درجة حرارة الأرض، وذوبان الصفائح الجليدية وارتفاع منسوب مياه البحار والمحيطات، مما دفع منظمة الأمم المتحدة لإبرام إتفاقية التغيرات المناخية وبروتوكول كيوتو، اللذان يهدفان لخفض هذه الانبعاثات، وأعلنت الهيئة الحكومية الدولية المعنية بتغير المناخ أن دلتا النيل في مصر من بين المناطق الثلاث الأولى على كوكب الأرض الأكثر عرضة لارتفاع مستوى سطح البحر، وأشار تقرير البنك الدولي انه يوجد فى مصر عدة مناطق أوشكت على الغرق تشمل هذه المناطق شديدة الخطورة أجزاء من محافظات الدلتاوالإسكندرية ومحافظات البحيرة وبورسعيد ومحافظات دمياط ومحافظة ...


New Considerations In Designing The Circulation Elements To Reduce Covid 19 Infection, Sara Chamass, Selim Kilani, Anas Mattar Sep 2021

New Considerations In Designing The Circulation Elements To Reduce Covid 19 Infection, Sara Chamass, Selim Kilani, Anas Mattar

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

As a result of the global pandemic recession of COVID-19, cities have imposed several restrictions to control this outbreak by closing their frontiers and forcing social distancing. The conjecture has arisen as to how architecture could be entirely influenced. This field is involved in finding solutions to reduce the spread of this pandemic which became a new issue. Unfortunately, due to the shortage of the movable and flexible circulation elements, the considerations and architectural preventive measures taken were affected during the planning of the post-pandemic built-environment. This paper, therefore, aims to propose a checklist of new design considerations for the ...


Child Development Just Outside The Front Door: Neighbourhood Play Project, Hyahno Moser Sep 2021

Child Development Just Outside The Front Door: Neighbourhood Play Project, Hyahno Moser

International Journal of Playwork Practice

This project examines the nature of contemporary childhood with a focus on changing rates of play in Queensland’s urban neighbourhoods. The Neighbourhood Play Project is a pilot project funded by the Queensland Government Department of Sport & Recreation. The purpose of the project was to examine and record the prevalence of local children’s existing play networks in urban Queensland neighbourhoods and to quantify their influence on children's physical activity and outdoor play levels. The recorded decline of Queensland children’s activity levels and physical literacy over the last 30 years – and its direct negative correlation with children’s ...


Book Review: The South Carolina State House Grounds, Jennifer S. Gibson Sep 2021

Book Review: The South Carolina State House Grounds, Jennifer S. Gibson

South Carolina Libraries

Jennifer Gibson reviews The South Carolina State House Grounds, written by Lydia Mattice Brandt with photographs by Chandler Yonkers.


Dogu Karadeniz Cevre Tartismalari, Dilek Beyazli Sep 2021

Dogu Karadeniz Cevre Tartismalari, Dilek Beyazli

Architectural Sciences

No abstract provided.


From Displaced To Our Place: Using An Educational Narrative To Build Community In A Displaced Community, Morgan Frederick Aug 2021

From Displaced To Our Place: Using An Educational Narrative To Build Community In A Displaced Community, Morgan Frederick

Symposium of Student Scholars

Thomasville heights is a displacement neighborhood for people pushed out by Atlanta’s Urban Renewal projects. Thomasville Heights remains a casualty of a system of economic segregation. Under this system of segregation these neighborhoods are left in detrimental states. It is in places like Thomasville Heights where the phrase “place matters” becomes a call to action. A town of 6000 residents and only one elementary school, Thomasville heights is bordered by multiple freight yards, a cemetery, landfills, and Atlanta’s US penitentiary, just a 5-minute walk from that one elementary school. There remains a vast difference between that of low-income ...


Restoring History: Mixed-Use Hotel & Retail Center, William Chase Sisk Aug 2021

Restoring History: Mixed-Use Hotel & Retail Center, William Chase Sisk

Symposium of Student Scholars

Monroe, Georgia, is a unique small town, located halfway between Athens and Atlanta. The small-town atmosphere and amenities have become a popular destination for people attracted to the historic buildings, downtown events and UGA football home games. Monroe is popular for its wedding venues, antique malls, and car shows, but there are not enough hotel rooms. Currently within the historic downtown, there are only one bed and breakfast, two AirBNB’s, and no hotels, although every downtown storefront is occupied by restaurants, retail stores, and businesses.

The need for overnight accommodations has raised the possibility of a new mixed-use hotel ...


Usri Research Poster, Christian Undseth Aug 2021

Usri Research Poster, Christian Undseth

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

This is my USRI research output and recording for analysis of public transit services accessibility and development impacts.


Urban Heat Mitigation For Current And Future Conditions: A Case Study For Downtown London On, Maryam Shams Aug 2021

Urban Heat Mitigation For Current And Future Conditions: A Case Study For Downtown London On, Maryam Shams

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The urban heat island is a phenomenon wherein urban areas experience warmer temperatures than their surrounding rural areas. Techniques to reduce excess heat in urban environments are known as heat mitigation or heat island mitigation solutions, with the intent that they reduce urban temperatures. This research presents an investigation on the impacts and effectiveness of urban heat mitigation techniques on improving the outdoor thermal conditions of downtown London, Ontario. The impact of increasing vegetated areas and applying higher albedo materials for road pavements is assessed with ENVI-Met software for current and future summer weather. Furthermore, investigations were conducted for current ...


Smart Sprinkler System For Water Conservation, Rana A. Johar Aug 2021

Smart Sprinkler System For Water Conservation, Rana A. Johar

Effat Undergraduate Research Journal

One of the main problems facing modern cities is water scarcity. The increasing level of water wastage in the i r r igat ion system is an alarming problem. According to the 2030 vision, a reduction in water wastage is sought. This represents a strong motivation to create a simple device to achieve water efficiency. Home sprinkler water flow systems do not take into consideration the current state of the surroundings, which lead to high wastage of water. In this research paper, a conceptual smart travelling sprinkler composed of a water pump and a motion motor is proposed. The suggested ...


Rebuilding California History: Research, Conceptual Design, And Code Analysis For The Reconstruction Of The Swanton Pacific Railroad On Swanton Ranch, David J. Choy Aug 2021

Rebuilding California History: Research, Conceptual Design, And Code Analysis For The Reconstruction Of The Swanton Pacific Railroad On Swanton Ranch, David J. Choy

City and Regional Planning

The purpose of this report is to provide code research, code analysis, and conceptual design work for the Swanton Pacific Railroad. This work will provide a basis that decisions makers can use to review potential actions for the future of the Swanton Pacific Railroad. Based on the research, several issues have been identified that will need to be addressed if rebuilding is to succeed.

  • The parcel that the railroad is located on is Split Zoned, which will need to be resolved.
  • A decision needs to be made if this project is: Only rebuilding what was existing beforehand, rebuilding in part ...


Designing With Users: A Participatory Design As A Community Engagement Program In The City Zoo, Yulia Nurliani Lukito, Nevine R. Kusuma, Enira Arvanda, Zafira R. Ummah Jul 2021

Designing With Users: A Participatory Design As A Community Engagement Program In The City Zoo, Yulia Nurliani Lukito, Nevine R. Kusuma, Enira Arvanda, Zafira R. Ummah

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

This article discusses a participatory design project that aims at creating a collaborative design among architectural students, visitors, and zoo management in designing street furniture and selfie spots in city zoos. Participatory design is used in the design process to get the users’ and designers’ interpretation of the space, improve design outcomes, and increase the community awareness of their surroundings. As part of the Universitas Indonesia Community Engagement Program, the zoo design project fosters a collaborative design between the university and zoo community and supports the educational, conservational, and recreational goals of Ragunan Zoo in Jakarta. Designing street furniture and ...


Exploring The Use Of Grid-Scale Compressed Air Energy Storage In The Urban Landscape, Connor S. Slover Jul 2021

Exploring The Use Of Grid-Scale Compressed Air Energy Storage In The Urban Landscape, Connor S. Slover

Masters Theses

Energy storage is becoming a crucial element to the renewable energy grid, and new facilities will have to go somewhere. This thesis will propose to co-locate compressed air energy storage on a site with residential units, and a community park.

This thesis will make the argument that co-locating a compressed air energy storage system with residential units could create a new start for the communities most harmed by fossil fuel infrastructure. This thesis will propose a design for a site in East Boston; a community badly scarred by heating oil and natural gas storage; with the goal of creating a ...


An Assessment Of Four Selected Communities Along The Appalachian Trail In Relation To Emile Benton Mackaye's Original Vision Of Regional Planning, Jessica Ann Schottanes Jul 2021

An Assessment Of Four Selected Communities Along The Appalachian Trail In Relation To Emile Benton Mackaye's Original Vision Of Regional Planning, Jessica Ann Schottanes

Masters Theses

Planner, conservationist, forester, and geographer Emile Benton MacKaye envisioned a revolutionary, extensive foot trail that would promote the interaction between communities throughout the United States' distinctive eastern region. His 1921 plan for the Appalachian Trail (A.T.) focused on balancing the basic requirements for life in and out of the urban context by developing an ‘indigenous’ environment and developmental mold (Bower 1962, 372). However, almost a century has passed, and MacKaye's approach to the planning process, organization, environmental development, and the rural economy remains hidden beneath the mountain forest canopy extending from Maine to Georgia.

Four of the forty-nine ...


From Sanctuary To Home In The Post-Interstate City, Morgan B. Sawyer Jul 2021

From Sanctuary To Home In The Post-Interstate City, Morgan B. Sawyer

Masters Theses

The removal of New York Interstate- 81’s (I-81) 1.4 mile stretch of raised, four-lane highway in Syracuse will highlight the critical role of socioeconomics, accessibility, and community building in urban neighborhood reclamation. The removal of what had been previously deemed an urban renewal project, presents Syracuse with new opportunities for space restoration and place-making efforts, atoning for careless and traumatic historic divisions, all the while exploring more substantive design responses tailored to the realities of the City. This thesis explores these fundamental planning considerations through a design lens; by proposing a comprehensive and integrated vision of physical and ...


Detroit: Revitalizing Urban Communities, David N. Fite Jul 2021

Detroit: Revitalizing Urban Communities, David N. Fite

Masters Theses

This thesis examines the relationship between architecture and planning in Detroit. The relationship between these two disciplines has reinforced gross inequality in socioeconomic status over many decades. It has been compounded by racism which planning policy and Architecture exploited during the 20th Century for private interests. This impacts the built environment at all scales. Today division is reinforced through small details such as how handrails are placed on benches, but it extends to planning metropolitan areas, and how they are divided up into city and suburb. At the scales between, both architecture and planning reinforce the segregation within their ...


Firesafe: Designing For Fire-Resilient Communities In The American West, Brenden Baitch Jul 2021

Firesafe: Designing For Fire-Resilient Communities In The American West, Brenden Baitch

Masters Theses

The perception that wildfires are completely preventable has caused many structures and communities to be built in locations that will inevitably experience an uncontrollable fire event, risking human lives and infrastructure. Modification of built environments into fire-adapted communities has been explored in this thesis, through multiple strategies. Central to this analysis is the idea that sustainable human developments could adopt a form of biomimicry and indigenous design informed by the adaptions of plants, animals, and native groups that endure and even thrive with regular cycles of fire. This possibility has been assessed through the scope of fire adaptation strategies available ...


Multi-Level Regional Development Governance: A European Typology, Giancarlo Cotella, Umberto Janin Rivolin, Elena Pede, Maurizio Pioletti Jun 2021

Multi-Level Regional Development Governance: A European Typology, Giancarlo Cotella, Umberto Janin Rivolin, Elena Pede, Maurizio Pioletti

European Spatial Research and Policy

The European Union identifies the regional level as the ideal spatial scale for resources’ redistribution, in so doing turning European regions into key spatial development players. This raises challenges due to the heterogeneity of the EU in terms of administrative configurations, and spatial governance and planning systems. The contribution of this article draws on the results of three interlinked ESPON research projects to shed light on the matter. Building on an overview of the institutional variables that may influence successful regional development, it proposes a typology of multi-level regional development governance in the EU and reflects upon the potentials for ...


Non-Material Considerations And Uniqueness In The Planning Of The Development Of Urban Space: Example Of Lviv, Łukasz Musiaka, Mykola Habrel, Mykhailo Habrel, Myhailo Kosmiy Jun 2021

Non-Material Considerations And Uniqueness In The Planning Of The Development Of Urban Space: Example Of Lviv, Łukasz Musiaka, Mykola Habrel, Mykhailo Habrel, Myhailo Kosmiy

European Spatial Research and Policy

The paper is an attempt to respond to selected problems of the spatial planning system in Lviv, as defined by analyses of strategic documents. Based on the analysis, the authors proposed a spatial planning model considering non-material and hard-to-measure factors which have shaped the city. Lviv was selected for analysis because of its size, its long and multicultural history, and its considerable accumulation of tangible and intangible cultural heritage elements from various eras. Today, the city faces numerous challenges in terms of heritage protection, its functional and spatial development, and the choice of an effective form of planning and management ...


The Role Of Location In The Functioning Of A Local Currency: La Gonette Case Study, Csaba Lakócai Jun 2021

The Role Of Location In The Functioning Of A Local Currency: La Gonette Case Study, Csaba Lakócai

European Spatial Research and Policy

The beginning of the 21st century was a proliferation of complementary currencies worldwide. Among them, a number of newly created local currencies were notable. France proved to be especially fertile in this regard from the early 2010s. La Gonette, operating in the metropolitan area of Lyon, is one of the biggest French local complementary currencies in terms of its users, providers (business partners), and money supply. For every scheme, the most important issue, which is also a challenge, is to provide enough spending options to be attractive for users, while also retaining their particular sociocultural identity. Besides a variety of ...


Using Google Street View To Examine Urban Context And Green Amenities In The Global South: The Chilean Experience, Monica Haddad, Zachary Christman, Hamil Pearsall, Melinda Sanchez Jun 2021

Using Google Street View To Examine Urban Context And Green Amenities In The Global South: The Chilean Experience, Monica Haddad, Zachary Christman, Hamil Pearsall, Melinda Sanchez

Community and Regional Planning Publications

This study evaluates the use of virtual, human-interpreted, field observations using Google Street View (GSV) to examine the presence of conditions that may be used to analyze green gentrification in the Global South. We propose that green gentrification is characterized by the introduction or improvement of green amenities (such as parks) as well as corresponding changes to the urban context (such as facade materials). While virtual field observations have been used to examine neighborhood context for other applications, this method has not yet been applied to the study of green gentrification, nor in the Global South. Using one urban park ...


Migraciones Multilocales Y Transformaciones Territoriales En La Vereda Cascajal De Subachoque (Cundinamarca), Oscar Andrés Estupiñan Bejarano, Sandra Yesenia Fajardo García Jun 2021

Migraciones Multilocales Y Transformaciones Territoriales En La Vereda Cascajal De Subachoque (Cundinamarca), Oscar Andrés Estupiñan Bejarano, Sandra Yesenia Fajardo García

Maestria en Ciencias del Hábitat

En el presente estudio de caso se abordan las transformaciones territoriales que ha tenido la vereda Cascajal, ubicada en el municipio de Subachoque-Cundinamarca debido a las migraciones multilocales que han acontecido en la última década. Para ello, se destaca el uso de tres categorías conceptuales principales, que son: 1- El entorno biofísico, considerando los impactos a nivel de coberturas, usos de suelo, tamaño y uso de los predios 2- La normatividad local vigente aplicable al ordenamiento territorial rural y su real relevancia práctica ante las transformaciones territoriales y, 3-las relaciones sociales, instauradas entre residentes antiguos y nuevos, teniendo en cuenta ...


Crosscutting Environmental Risk With Design: A Multi-Site, Multi-City Socioecological Approach For Iowa’S Diversifying Small Towns, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff, Rosie Manzo, Rachel Scudder Jun 2021

Crosscutting Environmental Risk With Design: A Multi-Site, Multi-City Socioecological Approach For Iowa’S Diversifying Small Towns, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff, Rosie Manzo, Rachel Scudder

Landscape Architecture Publications

Globally, the influx of refugee, migrant, and immigrant populations into small centers of industrialized agriculture has called attention to a looming public health crisis. As small towns shift from remote villages into rural, agri-industrial centers, they offer limited access to amenities needed to support human well-being. Our study focused on three Iowa towns that continue to experience an increase in under-represented minority populations and decline of majority populations as a proxy for studying shifting populations in an era of industrialized agriculture and global capital. We aimed to understand the socioecological impact of built environments—outdoor locations where people live and ...


Intervención Urbana Y Centro Cultural Botánico Para La Articulación Patrimonial Existente En Ambalema, Tolima., María Paola Rojas Márquez Jun 2021

Intervención Urbana Y Centro Cultural Botánico Para La Articulación Patrimonial Existente En Ambalema, Tolima., María Paola Rojas Márquez

Arquitectura

Ambalema, Tolima situado a la ribera del rio Magdalena es un municipio cuyo centro histórico posee la declaratoria de Monumento Nacional desde 1980 y así como la catalogación de Bien de Interés Cultural (BIC) del ámbito nacional. Es un territorio con gran riqueza histórica y natural, fue sede de experimentación de la Real Expedición Botánica y gracias a su consolidación como productor de tabaco en el siglo XVIII, se convirtió en un punto principal fluvial y ferroviario del centro de Colombia. Sin embargo, su estado actual presenta condiciones distintas, el municipio carece de una conexión con el rio Magdalena, su ...