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Urban, Community and Regional Planning

2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 303

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Is The Public Invited? Design, Management And Use Of Privately Owned Public Spaces In New York City, Te-Sheng Huang Dec 2013

Is The Public Invited? Design, Management And Use Of Privately Owned Public Spaces In New York City, Te-Sheng Huang

Dissertations

Researchers in urban planning, urban design, landscape architecture and sociology often criticize the increasing privatization of public space in the US for limiting the diversity of uses and users. Privately owned public spaces in New York City have received this critique. However, careful empirical research, with onsite observations of specific spaces and interviews with building managers, architects and city officials, is still largely lacking. Nor have researchers systematically investigated the full range of design features and management regulations and practices that do, or do not, serve to exclude certain kinds of activities and occupants. This study does precisely that as ...


Rationalizing Everyday Life In Late Nineteenth Century Istanbul C. 1900, Ersin Altin Dec 2013

Rationalizing Everyday Life In Late Nineteenth Century Istanbul C. 1900, Ersin Altin

Dissertations

This dissertation explores the rationalizing process of everyday life in late nineteenth century Istanbul, within the framework of the modernization agendas that swept the Ottoman Empire from the 1830s on. Starting with the period known as Tanzimat (literally ‘the reforms’), the study covers the Hamidian period (1876-1909), Second Constitutional Era (1908-1918) and first seven years of the Turkish Republic (1923-1930) noting the complexities of shifts and novelties by looking at daily practices and discourses, as well as the relationships between them.

Within this historic framework, the main focus is the changing relationship between everyday objects and behavioral patterns of the ...


Midcentury Planning In San Juan, Puerto Rico: Rexford Guy Tugwell, Henry Klumb, And Design For "Modernization", Linda Levin Moreen Dec 2013

Midcentury Planning In San Juan, Puerto Rico: Rexford Guy Tugwell, Henry Klumb, And Design For "Modernization", Linda Levin Moreen

Graduate School of Architecture & Urban Design Theses

No abstract provided.


Bogotá: ‘Golpe De Municipio’, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2013

Bogotá: ‘Golpe De Municipio’, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

El procurador de Colombia, Alejandro Ordóñez, inhabilitó políticamente por 15 años y destituyó de las funciones de alcalde de Bogotá a Gustavo Petro, y para ello planteó tres argumentos que fundamentan su fallo: primero, haber municipalizado el servicio público de recolección de basura de Bogotá; segundo, haber entregado la gestión de la basura a una unidad municipal que supuestamente no contaba con experiencia y tercero, haber utilizado vehículos que no garantizaban la protección del medio ambiente y de la población de Bogotá. ¡Qué hecho más funesto este del Sr. Ordóñez, pretendiendo desde sus funciones de procurador definir las políticas urbanas ...


Identification And Characterization Of Fine Particulate Matter Hot Spots On An Urban Arterial Corridor Integrating Probe Vehicle, Traffic And Land Use Data, Katherine Eleanor Bell Dec 2013

Identification And Characterization Of Fine Particulate Matter Hot Spots On An Urban Arterial Corridor Integrating Probe Vehicle, Traffic And Land Use Data, Katherine Eleanor Bell

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this study is to explore the use of integrated probe vehicle, traffic and land use data to identify and characterize fine particulate matter (PM[subscript 2.5]) hot spot locations on urban arterial corridors. In addition, a preliminary analysis is conducted to consider volatile organic compound (VOC) hot spot locations. A pollutant hot spot is defined as a location on a corridor in which the mean pollutant concentrations are consistently above the 85th percentile of pollutant concentrations when compared to all locations along the corridor. In order to collect data for this study, an electric vehicle was ...


Windows Of Opportunity: Addressing Climate Uncertainty Through Adaptation Plan Implementation, Yaser Abunasser, Elisabeth Hamin, Elizabeth Brabec Dec 2013

Windows Of Opportunity: Addressing Climate Uncertainty Through Adaptation Plan Implementation, Yaser Abunasser, Elisabeth Hamin, Elizabeth Brabec

Elizabeth Brabec

There is a pressing need for municipalities and regions to create urban form suited to current as well as future climates, but adaptation planning uptake has been slow. This is particularly unfortunate because patterns of urban form interact with climate change in ways that can reduce, or intensify, the impact of overall global change. Uncertainty regarding the timing and magnitude of climate change is a significant barrier to implementing adaptation planning. Focusing on implementation of adaptation and phasing of policy reduces this barrier. It removes time as a decision marker, instead arguing for an initial comprehensive plan to prevent maladaptive ...


Reflections On Campus Planning: Lessons For Practice, William Riggs Dec 2013

Reflections On Campus Planning: Lessons For Practice, William Riggs

City and Regional Planning

Planning is a diverse field with many different areas of professional practice. Campus planning, as opposed to traditional city planning, is one of these areas—different than traditional municipal, and having a unique requirements that are framed by jurisdictional, environmental, and physical planning needs of the respective institution.

Based on my experience in this role, planners need a flexible skillset that moves beyond the traditional role of processing permits and crafting zoning codes. They need to be deep thinkers and leaders who can adapt to changing situations and understand nuanced bureaucracy. By taking advantage of it, as well as other ...


Reflections On Campus Planning: Lessons For Practice, William Riggs Dec 2013

Reflections On Campus Planning: Lessons For Practice, William Riggs

William W. Riggs

Planning is a diverse field with many different areas of professional practice. Campus planning, as opposed to traditional city planning, is one of these areas—different than traditional municipal, and having a unique requirements that are framed by jurisdictional, environmental, and physical planning needs of the respective institution. Based on my experience in this role, planners need a flexible skillset that moves beyond the traditional role of processing permits and crafting zoning codes. They need to be deep thinkers and leaders who can adapt to changing situations and understand nuanced bureaucracy. By taking advantage of it, as well as other ...


A Tale Of Two Sandys, Erin Bergren, Jessica Coffey, Daniel Aldana Cohen, Ned Crowley, Liz Koslow, Max Liboiron, Alexis Merdjanoff, Adam Murphree, David Wachsmuth Dec 2013

A Tale Of Two Sandys, Erin Bergren, Jessica Coffey, Daniel Aldana Cohen, Ned Crowley, Liz Koslow, Max Liboiron, Alexis Merdjanoff, Adam Murphree, David Wachsmuth

Departmental Papers (Sociology)

Responses to Hurricane Sandy consistently cluster into two types according to how the issues have been defined and understood. On one hand, the crisis was seen as an extreme weather event that created physical and economic damage, and temporarily moved New York City away from its status quo. On the other hand, Hurricane Sandy exacerbated crises which existed before the storm, including poverty, lack of affordable housing, precarious or low employment, and unequal access to resources generally. A Tale of Two Sandys describes these two understandings of disaster and discuss their implications for response, recovery, and justice in New York ...


Settlement Selection: A Critical Consideration For A New National Spatial Strategy Plan? Applying Population And Daytime Working Population Data To A Centrality Spreadsheet Model To Inform An Evidence Base For Gateway And Hub Selection, Brian Hughes Dec 2013

Settlement Selection: A Critical Consideration For A New National Spatial Strategy Plan? Applying Population And Daytime Working Population Data To A Centrality Spreadsheet Model To Inform An Evidence Base For Gateway And Hub Selection, Brian Hughes

Masters

Settlement Selection: A Critical Consideration for a New National Spatial Strategy Plan? This Dissertation examines both Central Statistics Office (CSO) published and unpublished demographic evidence from the 2011 and previous censuses, so as to evaluate the 2002 National Spatial Strategy’s (NSS) selection of Gateways and Hub settlements. On its own, population is an incomplete measure of size. However, when used with emerging employment data, a robust methodological time-dynamic centrality model may be constructed based on population and Daytime Working Population (DWP) behaviour and other related and relevant investigations. The Model compares unpublished 2002 data of the NSS Plan with ...


Confused Spaces: Theatricality As A Device For Defining Different Types Of Public Space, Danton Christopher Spina Dec 2013

Confused Spaces: Theatricality As A Device For Defining Different Types Of Public Space, Danton Christopher Spina

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Confused Spaces has come to the conclusion that theatricality can be a device for defining different types of public space. This book aims to define theatricality in architectural terms by taking principles from the disciplines of theater and urban design. It limits the scope of the definition to a specific set of elements of theatricality that include spectacle, transition, flexibility, and compactability. After attempting to define why these elements of theatricality are valid architectural concepts, the text then pushes to understand the experience that these elements can create. Through the use of historical and contemporary references, an argument for theatricality ...


Prioritizing Stormwater Management: Comparing Integrated Best Management Practices In Urban And Suburban Neighborhoods, Danielle Kathleen Norman Dec 2013

Prioritizing Stormwater Management: Comparing Integrated Best Management Practices In Urban And Suburban Neighborhoods, Danielle Kathleen Norman

Masters Theses

This thesis demonstrates a comparison of two design proposals that integrate Best Management Practices to address stormwater runoff volumes in urban and suburban neighborhoods. The thesis investigation includes the selection and comparison of two diverse neighborhoods to inform design decisions. It then assesses the environmental, social and economic implications of the design proposal in each neighborhood.

The site selection process is a method that overlays specific criterion such as residential land use, topographic features, and median household income (3) nested scales; the watershed scale, the sub-watershed scale, and the neighborhood scale. For the purposes of this paper, nested scales are ...


Reinterpreting City Alleys: Design Guidlelines For The City Of Vallejo, Karlo Antonio Manalang Felix Dec 2013

Reinterpreting City Alleys: Design Guidlelines For The City Of Vallejo, Karlo Antonio Manalang Felix

City and Regional Planning

No abstract provided.


Introduction To Creating And Using An Arcgis Online Trial Subscription, Bailey A. Hanson, Christopher J. Seeger Dec 2013

Introduction To Creating And Using An Arcgis Online Trial Subscription, Bailey A. Hanson, Christopher J. Seeger

Extension and Outreach Publications

Welcome to the Essential ArcGIS Task Sheet Series. This series supplements the Iowa State University GIS Geospatial Technology Training Program short course series, “Essential ArcGIS Tutorial Series.” The task sheets are designed to provide quick, easy instructions for performing specific tasks in GIS.


The Contribution To And Affect Of Design And Architecture On Health & Activity Promotion (H&Ap) In The Workplace, Krystal L. Schumacher Dec 2013

The Contribution To And Affect Of Design And Architecture On Health & Activity Promotion (H&Ap) In The Workplace, Krystal L. Schumacher

Theses from the Architecture Program

Expanding the research and awareness on the contribution to and affect of design and architecture on health and activity promotion in the workplace (h&ap) is essential in moving forward in the design of working environments. As humans, we spend the majority of our time indoors, for an average American adult he or she spends the majority of the day in a working environment. The impact that our spaces have is much deeper than the aesthetic. Our environments can depict how we act, feel and operate based on the design of our surroundings. Through this research, the goal was to ...


The Role Of Multicultural Planning In Rural Nebraska: Case Studies Of Four Mid-Sized Cities, Pakiza Shirinova Dec 2013

The Role Of Multicultural Planning In Rural Nebraska: Case Studies Of Four Mid-Sized Cities, Pakiza Shirinova

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

The purpose of this study is to analyze multicultural planning practices in rural Nebraska towns. Due to the increased influx of Hispanic population in Schuyler, Lexington, South Sioux City and Crete of Nebraska in the period from 1990 to 2010, this research focuses on uncovering social and economic impacts that Hispanic immigration is leaving on receiving communities. Also, this study reviews current comprehensive plans of the communities selected for this research to determine whether multicultural policies are being defined and incorporated into the vision of community development. A survey of planning consultants, city administrators and community members further contribute to ...


The Real Estate Economics Of Walkability Components: The Influence Of Built Environment On Housing Value In Lincoln, Nebraska, Dohee Kim Dec 2013

The Real Estate Economics Of Walkability Components: The Influence Of Built Environment On Housing Value In Lincoln, Nebraska, Dohee Kim

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

This study analyzes the association between walkability and housing value in neighborhoods of Lincoln, Nebraska in order to observe the impact of walkability as one of prominent smart growth principles in creating economic value. The study estimates walkability through walkability components in each neighborhood of Lincoln based on the Lawrence Frank walkability index model. For the housing value assessment, a hedonic regression model was created to estimate median housing value in Lincoln based on the census block group dataset. The result of the model shows that walkability components have weaker influence on estimated housing value compared to other physical, demographic ...


Revitalization Of Urban Alleys, Shusei Kakimoto Dec 2013

Revitalization Of Urban Alleys, Shusei Kakimoto

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

Alley revitalization is becoming more widely acknowledged as a viable urban redevelopment strategy in United States cities. Currently, most alleys in U.S. cities are underutilized, and they evoke a number of negative images—fearful places, waste-strewn, stinky, etc. The successful revitalization of alleys presents many benefits, such as economic development, enhanced walkability, visual enhancement, reduction of crime, etc. Revitalization of alleys leads to more productive and effective utilization of public space. In fact, cities in many countries have long utilized alleys as places where many aspects of ordinary daily life of the city take place. However, the potentials of ...


Planning For Drought-Resilient Communities: Evaluating The Fastest Growing Counties’ Local Comprehensive Plans, Xinyu Fu Dec 2013

Planning For Drought-Resilient Communities: Evaluating The Fastest Growing Counties’ Local Comprehensive Plans, Xinyu Fu

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

Recent drought events across the United States illustrate the country’s changing and continuing vulnerability to drought. Drought impacts are often associated with unsustainable land use and poor water management practices, but research has been conducted on how well localities prepare for drought in building long-term resilience through land use planning and what jurisdictional factors correlate with their quality in drought planning. Targeting the fastest growing counties, due to their high possibility in increasing drought risk by making unwise land use decisions, this paper analyzes 61 selected county comprehensive plans from the research sample against a conceptualized drought-ready protocol, and ...


Analysis Of Feasibility Of Lincoln's West O Area For Redevelopment, Adam E. Brown Dec 2013

Analysis Of Feasibility Of Lincoln's West O Area For Redevelopment, Adam E. Brown

Community and Regional Planning Program: Professional Projects

This project assessed the feasibility of redevelopment of the area around the West O Street & Sun Valley Boulevard Intersection. The project provides information about the area, including specifics about its location, the zoning currently in use, the population of the area and the surrounding areas, housing characteristics, as well as information about mixed use development pertinent to this project and the study areas relation to the City of Lincoln’s Comprehensive Plan, known as LPlan 2040.

The project’s goal was to research and compile relevant information for review by the Lincoln / Lancaster County Planning Department in regards to the ...


Planning For Student Veteran And Military Member Support Programs At The University Of Nebraska-Lincoln, Daniel D. Moseman Dec 2013

Planning For Student Veteran And Military Member Support Programs At The University Of Nebraska-Lincoln, Daniel D. Moseman

Community and Regional Planning Program: Professional Projects

The University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL) has recognized the importance of its student veteran and military member population and is undertaking a planning process to develop or improve its student veteran programs. The goal of this professional project is to present UNL with options and alternatives that could be used to develop these student veteran programs. The research associated with this project is timely and prudent, given the current reduction in military force size and the anticipated return of many thousand service members into post-secondary education.

This professional project provides information on three topics. First, research from credible sources determines the ...


A Simple Method For Estimation Of Queue Length, S. P. Anusha, Lelitha Devi Vanajakshi, Anuj Sharma Dec 2013

A Simple Method For Estimation Of Queue Length, S. P. Anusha, Lelitha Devi Vanajakshi, Anuj Sharma

Civil Engineering Faculty Publications

Urban arterials are characterized by frequent intersections. Queue length and delay are the two primary measures of performance of intersection. These measures play a primary role in determining the arterial performance. This article presents a methodology to determine the number of vehicles in queue at a signalized intersection for under saturated traffic conditions. The results obtained were validated using actual values that are manually extracted. The root-mean-square error is of the range 1.3 vehicles for estimation of number of vehicles in queue. The various aspects that have to be considered in accurate estimation of performance measures are also discussed.


San Francisco's Embaradero Promenade: An In-Depth Look At How Design Elements Along The Waterfront Affect User Behavior, Jacqueline Vance Dec 2013

San Francisco's Embaradero Promenade: An In-Depth Look At How Design Elements Along The Waterfront Affect User Behavior, Jacqueline Vance

Master's Projects

This research project will observe user behavior at three sites along San Francisco’s Embarcadero Promenade in an attempt to better understand how urban design elements (e.g. seating or public art) can positively or negatively affect how people use a public space. The specific question that this research will attempt to address is: What aspects of physical design in three key areas along the Embarcadero Promenade influence user behavior within this linear public space and how is that behavior positively or negatively affected? Recommendations will also be provided, suggesting possible opportunities to improve the Embarcadero Promenade as a successful ...


Skateboarding As Transportation: Findings From An Exploratory Study, Tessa Walker Nov 2013

Skateboarding As Transportation: Findings From An Exploratory Study, Tessa Walker

Dissertations and Theses

In recent decades skateboarding has expanded from recreation into a form of transportation. Skateboarders appear to use roadways much as other non‐motorized modes do. However, there is little academic research on the needs and characteristics of the skateboard as a mode. This research reports demographics, multi‐modal and travel behavior findings, and other data from an exploratory mixed‐methods study of skateboarding as a mode of transportation.


Project Topics And Materials, Ikokwu Kelvin Chekwubechukwu Nov 2013

Project Topics And Materials, Ikokwu Kelvin Chekwubechukwu

ikokwu kelvin chekwubechukwu

No abstract provided.


El Urbicidio Es El Asesinato Litúrgico De La Ciudad, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Nov 2013

El Urbicidio Es El Asesinato Litúrgico De La Ciudad, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Académico del Departamento de Estudios Políticos de FLACSOEcuador, doctor en Ciencias Sociales y especialista en políticas urbanas y seguridad ciudadana, Fernando Carrión Mena habla de urbicidio al sostener que “hay una ritualidad o una estrategia explícita de tipo militar, económica o política para intervenir en la ciudad”. El arquitecto, quien fuera también secretario de planificación del Municipio de Quito y coordinador general de la Red Ciudades para América Latina, dice que “la planificación urbana debe reconocer el derecho a la ciudad”.


Walking In The Land Of Cars: Automobile-Pedestrian Accidents In Hillsborough County, Florida, Marc Aaron Poling Nov 2013

Walking In The Land Of Cars: Automobile-Pedestrian Accidents In Hillsborough County, Florida, Marc Aaron Poling

Marc A Poling

Analyses of traffic accidents are often focused on the characteristics of the accident event and hence do not take into account the broader neighborhood contexts in which accidents are located. This thesis seeks to extend empirical analyses of accidents by understanding the link between accidents and their surroundings. The case study for this thesis is Hillsborough County, Florida, within which the city of Tampa is located. The Tampa Bay region ranks very high in terms of accident rates within U.S. metropolitan areas and is also characterized by transport policies which favor private automobiles over mass transit options, making it ...


Connecting To Iowa Geographic Map Server Imagery: Wms Connection, Bailey A. Hanson, Christopher J. Seeger Nov 2013

Connecting To Iowa Geographic Map Server Imagery: Wms Connection, Bailey A. Hanson, Christopher J. Seeger

Extension and Outreach Publications

Welcome to the Essential ArcGIS Task Sheet Series. This series supplements the Iowa State University GIS Geospatial Technology Training Program short course series, “Essential ArcGIS Tutorial Series.” The task sheets are designed to provide quick, easy instructions for performing specific tasks in GIS.


The Cost Of Green Infrastructure: Worth The Investment?, Martha Sheils Nov 2013

The Cost Of Green Infrastructure: Worth The Investment?, Martha Sheils

Green Infrastructure

Is GI worth the investment?

• LID techniques often lead to cost savings when we look at WHOLE PROJECT COSTS

• Natural Infrastructure investments for flood control, drinking water protection and wildlife habitat can yield SIGNIFICANT AVOIDED COSTS and additional co-benefits to communitites


Compression Testing And Failure Modes Of Steel-Concrete Composite (Sc) Structures For Nuclear Containment, Patrick Michael Wanamaker, Amit H. Varma Oct 2013

Compression Testing And Failure Modes Of Steel-Concrete Composite (Sc) Structures For Nuclear Containment, Patrick Michael Wanamaker, Amit H. Varma

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Although being able to provide much cleaner power than burning coal and other fossil fuels, nuclear power plants are still a tough sell to the general public due to their history of being spontaneously dangerous. The containment structures surrounding these nuclear plants, however, can play a huge role in reducing the risks associated with them. Relatively new designs for these containment assemblies, known as SC (steel-concrete composite) structures, aim to increase the strength and durability of the containment facilities while keeping costs down. By varying the spacing between shear studs, the ratio of concrete to steel, and the ratio of ...